You are on page 1of 89

Owners Manual

M.D.G., EMI Division, Yamaha Corporation 1995


VU37290 601CRIT15.2-02B0
Printed in Japan

FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A)


1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC
requirements. Modifications not expressly approved by Yamaha may void your authority, granted by
the FCC, to use the product.
2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/or another product use only high
quality shielded cables. Cable/s supplied with this product MUST be used. Follow all installation
instructions. Failure to follow instructions could void your FCC authorization to use this product in
the USA.
3. NOTE: This product has been tested and found to comply with the requirements listed in FCC
Regulations, Part 15 for Class B digital devices. Compliance with these requirements provides a
reasonable level of assurance that your use of this product in a residential environment will not result
in harmful interference with other electronic devices. This equipment generates/uses radio frequencies and, if not installed and used according to the instructions found in the users manual, may cause
interference harmful to the operation of other electronic devices. Compliance with FCC regulations
does not guarantee that interference will not occur in all installations. If this product is found to be the
source of interference, which can be determined by turning the unit OFF and ON, please try to
eliminate the problem by using one of the following measures:
Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by the interference.
Utilize power outlets that are on different branch (circuit breaker or fuse) circuits or install AC line
filter/s.
In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the antenna. If the antenna lead-in is 300
ohm ribbon lead, change the lead-in to co-axial type cable.
If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results, please contact the your local retailer
authorized to distribute this type of product.
If you can not locate the appropriate retailer, please contact Yamaha Corporation of America, Electronic Service Division, 6600 Orangethorpe Ave, Buena Park, CA 90620
* The above statements apply ONLY to those products distributed by Yamaha Corporation of America
or its subsidiaries.

SPECIAL MESSAGE SECTION (USA)


This product utilizes batteries or an external power supply
(adapter). DO NOT connect this product to any power supply
or adapter other than one described in the manual, on the name
plate, or specifically recommended by Yamaha.
WARNING: Do not place this product in a position where
anyone could walk on, trip over, or roll anything over power
or connecting cords of any kind. The use of an extension cord
is not recommended! IF you must use an extension cord, the
minimum wire size for a 25' cord (or less) is 18 AWG. NOTE:
The smaller the AWG number, the larger the current handling
capacity. For longer extension cords, consult a local electrician.
This Product should be used only with the components supplied or; a cart, rack, or stand that is recommended by Yamaha.
If a cart, etc., is used, please observe all safety markings and
instructions that accompany the accessory product.
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE: The information contained in this manual is believed to be correct at
the time of printing. However, Yamaha reserves the right to
change or modify any of the specifications without notice or
obligation to update existing units.
This product, either alone or in combination with an amplifier and headphones or speaker/s, may be capable of producing sound levels that could cause permanent hearing loss. DO
NOT operate for long periods of time at a high volume level
or at a level that is uncomfortable. If you experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, you should consult an audiologist. IMPORTANT: The louder the sound, the shorter the
time period before damage occurs.
Some Yamaha products may have benches and/or accessory
mounting fixtures that are either supplied with the product or
as optional accessories. Some of these items are designed to
be dealer assembled or installed. Please make sure that
benches are stable and any optional fixtures (where applicable) are well secured BEFORE using. Benches supplied by
Yamaha are designed for seating only. No other uses are recommended.
NOTICE: Service charges incurred due to lack of knowledge relating to how a function or effect works (when the
unit is operating as designed) are not covered by the
manufacturers warranty, and are therefore the owners responsibility. Please study this manual carefully and consult your
dealer before requesting service.

Battery Notice: This product MAY contain a small non-rechargeable battery which (if applicable) is soldered in place.
The average life span of this type of battery is approximately
five years. When replacement becomes necessary, contact a
qualified service representative to perform the replacement.
This Product may also use household type batteries. Some
of these may be rechargeable. Make sure that the battery being charged is a rechargeable type and that the charger is intended for the battery being charged.
When installing batteries, do not mix old batteries with new,
or with batteries of a different type. Batteries MUST be installed correctly. Mismatches or incorrect installation may
result in overheating and battery case rupture.
Warning: Do not attempt to disassemble, or incinerate any
battery. Keep all batteries away from children. Dispose of
used batteries promptly and as regulated by the laws in your
area.
Note: Check with any retailer of household type batteries in
your area for battery disposal information.
Disposal Notice: Should this Product become damaged beyond repair, or for some reason its useful life is considered to
be at an end, please observe all local, state, and federal regulations that relate to the disposal of products that contain lead,
batteries, plastics, etc. If your dealer is unable to assist you,
please contact Yamaha directly.
NAME PLATE LOCATION: The name plate is located on
the bottom of the product. The model number, serial number,
power requirements, etc., are located on this plate. You should
record the model number, serial number, and the date of purchase in the spaces provided below and retain this manual as
a permanent record of your purchase.
LINE
OUTPUT

MIDI
INPUT

OUT

IN

MIC INPUT
DC IN

Model
Serial No.

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES: Yamaha strives to produce


products that are both user safe and environmentally friendly.
We sincerely believe that our products and the production
methods used to produce them, meet these goals. In keeping
with both the letter and the spirit of the law, we want you to
be aware of the following:

Purchase Date

PLEASE KEEP THIS MANUAL


92-BP

POWER
ON OFF

Introduction
The SU10 Stereo Digital Sampler is a compact, easy-to-use stereo phrase sampler
offering high sound quality, a unique ribbon controller, excellent loop capability,
and a host of other distinctive editing and performance features. The SU10 is ideal
for up-and-coming DJs, desktop musicians, and all others interested in experiencing the world of electronic digital sampling.

Sampling and playback features


Record up to 48 stereo samples within nonvolatile memory. Samples remain in memory even while power is off.
Excellent sound quality: Can record at a maximum sampling rate of 44.1kHz,
the same rate used by audio CDs.
Reverse play reproduces samples in reverse.
Scale play sets up a single sample at 12 different pitches along the pad
console.
Unique ribbon controller allows you to apply a dramatic filter or scratch
effect to your samples, or to crossfade your samples with realtime sound
from an external source.
Impressive editing features.
Select any one of five loop patterns for each sample. Select arbitrary loop
start point and end point.
Move or copy sample to a different location; split one sample into two;
trim off the leading and trailing parts of the sample.
Select any one of three triggering modes for each sample.
Create up to four songs, each consisting of any arbitrary sequence of sample
play.

Introduction

Special External functions


Use your SU10 as an effects box for applying a realtime scratch or filter
effect to feed-through line input.

MIDI support
Drive your SU10 from a remote sequencer, keyboard, or computer; or use
your SU10 to drive a remote device.
Load selected samples to a synthesizer or other remote device using the
MIDI sample dump standard.
Back up all SU10 data to an external storage device, then reload at any
time.

Introduction

ii

Contents
1 About This Manual ........................ 1
Notations .................................... 1
2 Precautions .................................... 2
3 Basic Concepts ..............................
What is the SU10? ......................
Operating Modes ........................
Samples ......................................
How a Sample is Made ..........
Banks and Pads ..........................
External Modes ..........................
Songs ..........................................
MIDI ...........................................

3
3
3
4
4
5
6
6
6

4 Controls, Connectors, and LCD .... 7


Top Panel .................................... 7
Rear Panel ................................ 10
Right Side ................................. 11
Screen Display .......................... 11
5 Supplying Power and Connecting
Up ...............................................
Supplying Power ......................
Using the adaptor .................
Batteries ...............................
Connecting Up the SU10 .........
6 Playback .......................................
Preparation ...............................
Basic Sample Playback .............
Special Play Features I .............
HOLD ..................................
REVERSE ............................
SCALE .................................
Special Features II:
Ribbon Controller ..................
Pitch Play .............................
Filter Play .............................
Scratchpad ............................
Crossfade .............................

13
13
13
13
14
16
16
17
18
18
19
19
21
21
22
24
25

Playing a Song .........................


External Performance Modes ..
External Scratch ...................
External Filter ......................
7 Recording Samples, and Creating
Songs .........................................
Sample Recording Overview ....
Connecting the Input Source ..
Entering REC Mode and
Selecting the Pad ...................
Setting the Recording
Parameters .............................
Starting/Stopping the
Recording ...............................
Creating Songs .........................
Procedure .............................
8 Editing .........................................
Introduction .............................
Editing Functions ................
Basic Procedure .......................
Edit Parameters and
Operations ..............................
LOOP MODE [LpMode] .....
SOUNDING MODE
[SdMode] ...........................
PAD VOLUME [PadVol] .....
ALTERNATE GROUP
[AltGrp] .............................
MIDI NOTE NUMBER
[Note#] ...............................
START POINT [StPnt] ........
LOOP POINT [LpPnt] .........
END POINT [EdPnt] ...........
COPY [CopyTo ?]..............
MOVE [MoveTo ?] ............
SPLIT [SpltTo ?] ................
COMPACT [Compct ?] .....
DELETE [Delete ?] ...........

27
29
29
30

31
31
31
31
32
35
35
36
38
38
38
39
41
41
43
44
44
45
46
47
47
48
49
50
52
53

9 UTILITY Mode .............................


Introduction .............................
General Procedure ...................
Recording Setup [Rec] .............
MIDI Setup [MIDI] ...................
MIDI Channel [MIDICh] ....
MIDI Device Number
[DevNum] ..........................
Local Control [Local] ..........
Ribbon Number [RbnNum] .
Initialize Note Table
[NoteTbInit?] .....................
Clear Note Table
[NoteTbClr?] ......................
Bulk Dump [Bulk] ...................
Receiving [Dump Rcv?] ......
Sending [Dump Send?] ........
Interval [Intrvl] ....................
Sample Dump ..........................
Song Deletion [Song] ..............
Lock [Lock] ..............................
Initialize [Init] ..........................
Deleting data only
[Init Data?] .........................
Deleting data and resetting
the system [Init All?] .........

54
54
54
55
56
56
56
57
57
57
58
58
59
60
60
62
63
64
64
65
65

0 Troubleshooting .......................... 67
A Error and Warning Messages ......
Warning messages ...................
MIDI Errors ..............................
Memory-Related Errors ...........

71
71
72
73

B Specifications ............................... 74
MIDI Implementation Chart ............. 78
Index .................................................. 80

About This Manual

The purpose of this manual is to help you quickly master the operation of your
SU10. Although compact, your SU10 offers a surprising array of playback, editing, and utility functions. You may need to refer to this manual fairly often in the
beginning, but the concepts and operating principles should soon become clear.
Before starting to use your SU10, please be certain to read through the precautions on page 2 for information that will help you avoid data loss and equipment
damage.

Notations
Button names are enclosed in a rectangular frame, as in [HOLD] or [EXIT].
The 12 central buttons are called pads. Each pad has two functions. The lower
function is indicated by the word PAD followed by the button number: for
example, [PAD 1], [PAD 10]. The upper function is indicated by an expression
such as [SHIFT]+[SONG 2], which means hold down the [SHIFT] key while pressing
the [SONG2] button.
In general a + sign between two button names means that you must hold
down the first button while pressing the second. For example, [REV]+[PAD 1],
[SHIFT]+[EDIT].
SU10 editing and utility operations are semi-interactive, with the lower left
area of the LCD displaying the necessary messages, prompts, and parameters.
Messages and parameter names that appear in this area are shown in a special
font, as in: Delete A1?.
Normal boldface is sometimes used to call attention to important passages.
The following icons are also used.
This icon header denotes critical advice that may help prevent accidental data loss or equipment damage. Please read these sections carefully.
This icon calls attention to significant supplemental information.

This mark appears within procedures to indicate a supplemental explanation that is not part of the procedure itself.
About This Manual

Precautions

PLEASE READ ALL PRECAUTIONS BEFORE USING YOUR SU10.

1. NEVER switch power off while the LCD is displaying the Keep

PwrOn message. This message indicates that the SU10 is writing to nonvolatile memory.
Switching power off at this time may result in loss of all data in the SU10. In
some cases this message may last for more than 10 seconds: this does not
indicate a problem.

2. Use the correct power adaptor.


Use only a Yamaha PA-3B or PA-1B power adaptor. Use of a different adaptor
type may result in electric shock or device damage.

3. Use

1.5V AA batteries only. Never mix old and new batteries. Never mix
battery types: be sure that batteries are either all alkaline or else all manganese. Alkaline batteries are recommended
To prevent potential damage from battery leakage, remove the batteries if
you plan to leave the SU10 unused for an extended period.

4. Use the correct cables. Handle cables with care.


When disconnecting a cable, grip firmly at the connector area and pull
straight out.
Use only high-quality MIDI cables for your MIDI connections. Cable performance degrades as length increases: avoid cables that are longer than 15m.

5. Handle the SU10 with care.


Do not drop it or otherwise subject it to severe physical impact.
Do not leave the SU10 in a location where it may be exposed to high temperatures, high humidity, extreme dust, or extreme vibration.

6. Do not open the casing or attempt repairs.


The SU10 contains no user-serviceable parts. Please refer all maintenance to
qualified technicians. Opening of the case will void the warranty.

7. Clean with soft dry cloth only.


Do not attempt to clean the SU10 with detergents or solvents, as these may
damage the casing.

Precautions

Basic Concepts

This chapter presents a very brief overview of basic concepts relevant to understanding and operation of the SU10.

What is the SU10?


The SU10 combines the functions of a digital stereo phrase sampler with a variety
of add-on features that significantly enhance its effectiveness in a performance
environment. In addition to basic recording, edit, and playback capabilities, this
compact unit includes special play functions, a touch-driven ribbon controller,
and two external modes that apply filter or scratch effects to realtime line or
microphone input.

Operating Modes
The SU10 has four operating modes: PLAY, REC (Recording), EDIT, and UTIL (Utility).
PLAY: Use this mode to play samples and songs, or to apply a scratch or filter
effect to a realtime signal as it passes through the SU10. The SU10 always
starts from PLAY mode when power is switched on. You can always return
to PLAY mode from any other mode by pressing [EXIT] once or, in some
cases, twice. For full information about PLAY mode, see Chapter 6.
REC:

This is the mode you use to record samples and create songs. You enter this
mode from PLAY mode by pressing [REC]. For details, see Chapter 7.

EDIT: Use this mode to set playback parameters for each sample. You can enter
this mode from PLAY mode by pressing [SHIFT]+[EDIT]. Refer to Chapter 8.
UTIL: This mode consists of seven utilities that you use to set parameters or execute operations that are not sample-specific. You can use this mode, for
example, to reinitialize the system, adjust the system-wide pitch offset, or
set overwrite protection for banks and songs. You can enter this mode from
PLAY mode by pressing [SHIFT]+[UTIL]. See Chapter 9.

Overview and Basic Concepts

Samples
The SU10 stores up to 48 samples. A sample is a digital recording of an acoustic
waveform (or two waveforms, if stereo), together with playback parameters that
determine how the sound is played: the type of loop applied, the direction of
playback, the start and end points, and so on. The following conceptual diagram
shows how a sample exists within a typical sampler.

LpMode

AltGrp

StPnt

SdMode

MIDI NOTE#

LpPnt

EdPnt

How a Sample is Made


A sample is created by taking digital readings of an acoustic analog signal at a
very rapid rate. The resulting binary values indicate the state of the acoustic wave
at each point of reading. The sample can be replayed by reconverting the values
to an analog wave.

Analog wave

Overview and Basic Concepts

SAMPLING

Note that the quality of the recording improves as the rate of reading called the
sampling frequency increases. Although higher sampling frequencies give better quality, they also consume more memory and therefore reduce available recording time. The maximum sampling rate available on the SU10 is 44.1kHz,
identical to the rate offered by a conventional CD.
Because samples require considerable memory per unit of time, they are generally
kept quite short. The replay time of a sample can be extended to an arbitrary
length by setting up a loop, so that the sample repeats indefinitely.
The term sample is also used in a technical sense (its original sense) to refer to each reading of
the acoustic signal, as described above. Within this manual, however, the term always refers to
the entire recorded waveform together with its related parameters.

Banks and Pads


You play the SU10 samples by pressing buttons, or pads. The SU10 has twelve
pads. Because the SU10 can store up to 48 samples, however, it also has four
banks. You choose a sample by selecting the appropriate bank, then pressing the
corresponding pad.

Pads
1

12

A1

A2 A3

A12

B1

B2 B3

B12

C1

C2 C3

C12

D1

D2 D3

D12

Banks

Sample

Overview and Basic Concepts

External Modes
The SU10 also supports two external modes that are entirely independent of its
sampling capability. These modes are provided primarily for live performance
environments, and operate on an analog signal that passes through the SU10 in
real time.

Songs
The SU10 includes a sequencing feature that records and reproduces pad and
button sequences. You use this feature to create up to four songs, each consisting of a series of pad operations that you have registered into memory.

Sample

Sample
Sample
Sample
Sample

Sample
Time

MIDI
The SU10 provides both MIDI IN and MIDI OUT capability. You can use these
features to back up or reload your data; to download selected samples to synthesizers, computers, or other samplers in MIDI standard dump format; to drive the
SU10 from a remote device; or to drive a remote device from the SU10.

Overview and Basic Concepts

Controls, Connectors,
and LCD

4
Top Panel

SAMPLING UNIT

HOLD

EXIT

0 C

SONG 1

A D

SONG 2

REV SCRATCH

SHIFT

REC

SONG 3

TOP

BWD

STOP

5 6 7
SONG 4

8
5

FWD

9
ENTER

UTILITY

EDIT

PLAY

1
SCALE

FILTER

CROSS
FADER

BANK

B E

PITCH

10

EXTERNAL
SCRATCH

EXTERNAL
FILTER

11

12

+1

G
H

1 LCD (Liquid Crystal Display)


You refer to the LCD for all information about current operating status, and
during interactive input of all editing and utility parameters. A description of
the various indications appears on page 11 and 12.
2 Ribbon Controller
During playback, you can run your finger over the ribbon to apply a dramatic
scratch or filter effect or to vary the pitch or line/pad crossfade. During external scratch and external filter play, you use the ribbon to apply realtime scratching or filtering to a straight audio signal as it feeds through the SU10. Finally,
you can use the ribbon during EDIT operation to change pad volume and
start, loop, and end point settings.
Use light pressure when rubbing your finger over the controller. Excessive force can cause the
ribbon to heat up, reducing its life. Also note that the ribbon may lose sensitivity after prolonged
uninterrupted use; if this occurs, allow the ribbon some time to recover.

3 Pads
Use to start or stop playback of a sample, to change the operating mode, or to
select various functions. Pad operation depends on whether the [SHIFT] button
is ON (pressed) or OFF (not pressed).
Controls, Connectors, and LCD

If [SHIFT] is OFF:
The pad starts or stops replay of the corresponding sample, or selects
the sample for recording or editing.
If [SHIFT] is ON:
SONG1,,4
EDIT
UTILITY
SCALE, FILTER,
CROSSFADER
PITCH
EXTERNAL SCRATCH,
EXTERNAL FILTER

Selects a song for creation or replay.


Sets the SU10 into EDIT mode.
Sets the SU10 into UTILITY mode.
Sets playback function to SCALE, FILTER,
or CROSSFADER.
Enables ribbon to control the pitch.
Selects EXTERNAL SCRATCH or
EXTERNAL FILTER play.

4 [REC]
Press to enter RECORDING mode.
5 [TOP]
Normal play:
Returns song to start position.
SCRATCH play: [SCRATCH]+[TOP] returns scratch section to top of sample.
EDIT mode:
Jumps to START POINT edit function.
6 [BWD]
Normal play:
Moves song back to previous event.
SCRATCH play: [SCRATCH]+[BWD] shifts the scratch section back.
EDIT mode:
Jumps to LOOP POINT edit function.
7 [STOP]
PLAY mode:
REC mode:

Stops playback of song.


Stops recording of sample or song.

8 [PLAY]
PLAY mode:
REC mode:

Starts playback of song.


Starts recording of sample or song.

9 [FWD]
PLAY mode:
Advances song to next event.
EDIT mode:
Jumps to END POINT edit function
SCRATCH play: [SCRATCH]+[FWD] shifts the scratch section forward.
0 [HOLD]
Activates HOLD function for sample replay, or REPEAT function for song replay. To set this function ON, hold down the pad and press [HOLD].

Controls, Connectors, and LCD

A [REV] (Reverse switch)


Use to play samples in reverse. To operate, hold down [REV] and press the
appropriate pad.
B [SHIFT]
Shifts the pad function. Leave shift off if using the pad to select a sample for
replay or recording. Hold [SHIFT] down when using a pad to select a song or
change the mode.
C [EXIT]
Press this button to return to normal PLAY mode from EDIT mode, UTILITY
mode, ribbon-scratch play, or other special playback feature. You also use this
button when you need to answer No to a prompt message.
D [SCRATCH]
Assigns scratch effect to any one of the samples. To operate, hold down
[SCRATCH] and press the pad for the sample you want to scratch.
E [BANK]
The SU10 provides four pad banks (Banks A to D), each capable of storing up
to 12 samples. Press the [BANK] button to change the bank setting (A
BCDA...) The LCD always indicates the currently selected bank.
F [ENTER]
Press to respond Yes to a prompt and execute the corresponding operation,
or to select one of the utilities within UTILITY mode.
The LCD will display a confirmation message before executing certain editing operations.
Press [ENTER] to proceed, or [EXIT] to cancel.

G [+1], [1]
Use these buttons to change the digital volume during playback, to change
the gain during recording, or to change a parameter value during editing.
Press briefly for a single-unit change, or hold down for continuous change.
H [<], [>]
Press to move through editing functions or utilities.

Controls, Connectors, and LCD

Rear Panel
LINE
OUTPUT

MIDI
INPUT

OUT

IN

MIC INPUT
DC IN

POWER
ON OFF

1 LINE OUTPUT miniphone jack


Outputs a stereo analog signal to powered speakers or other playback device.
2 LINE INPUT miniphone jack
Inputs an analog stereo signal from an external device such as a CD player.
3 MIDI IN/OUT
Standard MIDI connectors. You use these connectors to link your SU10 to
other MIDI devices.
4 MIC INPUT miniphone jack
Accepts input from a dynamic or powered condenser-type microphone.
5 DC IN power input
Receives power input from a PA-3B or PA-1B DC power adaptor.
CAUTION!
Use only a PA-3B or PA-1B adaptor. Use of a different adaptor type may result in
electric shock or device damage.

6 POWER switch
Switches the SU10 power ON or OFF.

10

Controls, Connectors, and LCD

Right Side
MIN

VOLUME

MAX

PHONES

1 VOLUME slider
Adjusts the output volume to the PHONES and LINE OUTPUT connectors.
2 Headphone jack
Stereo miniphone jack; connects to stereo headphones.

Screen Display
The LCD consists of various compartments, each displaying a different type of
information.

9
A

0
B

Controls, Connectors, and LCD

11

1 Current sampling grade


2 Current operating mode
PLAY = Sample/song playback
EDIT = Sample edit
UTIL = Utility setup
3 Loop mode of currently selected pad
4 Indicates whether the selected sample is STEREO or MONO.
5 Currently selected input source
6 Ribbon value (during playback or editing), or input level (during recording
setup)
7 Currently selected bank of pads
8 Selected effect or special play function (if any)
PCH: Ribbon-controlled pitch
EFCT: Scale, Filter, Crossfade, External Filter
SCH: Scratch, External Scratch
9 Currently selected song, and song REPEAT arrow.
Arrow appears only if song is playing in REPEAT mode.
0 Message/parameter display area.
During editing, the upper line displays the parameter name and the bottom
line displays the value. At other times, this area displays input prompts, status
information, and error messages.
A Indicators
MIDI:
TIME:
TEMPO:
REC:

ON when MIDI message is coming in.


ON during recording.
ON during loop editing.
ON when SU10 is recording (or standing by to record) a sample
or song.

B Meter display
During sample record: Recordable time (to nearest 0.1 sec.)
During song play:
Song location (to nearest 0.1 sec.)
During song creation: Remaining song memory (16-bit words)
During loop edit:
Loop tempo (estimated beats per minute)

12

Controls, Connectors, and LCD

Supplying Power
and Connecting Up

Supplying Power
Your SU10 can run through an AC/DC adaptor or on batteries. If you connect up
both at the same time, the SU10 will run from the adaptor.

Using the adaptor


Please be sure to use a Yamaha PA-3B or PA-1B adaptor only. Use of a different
adaptor type may result in electric shock or device damage.

To connect: First connect the DC end of the adaptor to the power connector on
the SU10, then plug the other end of the cable into an AC power socket.
When you have finished using the SU10: Switch off the power and then disconnect the plug from the wall socket.

Batteries
The SU10 accepts six 1.5V AA batteries (R6P or SUM-3). Yamaha recommends
the use of alkaline batteries.
Inserting Batteries
[1] Check that the POWER switch on the rear panel is OFF.
[2] Turn the unit upside down: you will see the battery cover on the lower right.
Press on the arrow with your thumb and slide in the indicated direction, then
lift off.
[3] Insert all six batteries. Refer to the diagram on the rear panel to make sure you
are inserting in the right direction.
[4] Replace the battery cover, making sure it snaps into place.

Supplying Power and Connecting Up

13

When to Replace Batteries


When batteries begin to go low, the SU10 disables EDIT, RECORD, and UTILITY
modes first. If you attempt to switch from PLAY mode into one of these other
modes at this time, the SU10 displays the Battry Low! message briefly and
remains in PLAY mode. If you are already working in EDIT, RECORD, or UTILITY
mode, the SU10 displays Battry Low!, then displays the Keep PwrOn message while registering any new data, then changes to PLAY mode.
You can continue to use PLAY mode for some time after other modes are disabled.
Eventually the Battry Low! message will appear during normal playback. You
still have about five minutes of PLAY-mode operation left; the message will repeat
intermittently until batteries are exhausted. The message then changes to Battry
End!, and the SU10 shuts down until you replace the batteries or connect an AC
adapter.
Do not reuse batteries that you have removed following a Battry Low! message.
Do not switch off power or remove batteries while the Keep PwrOn message is on the screen.

Connecting Up the SU10


The following illustration shows how devices connect to the SU10. The drawings
on the next page show some typical MIDI configurations.

PA-3B
or
PA-1B
Adaptor
Microphone

Powered
speakers

LINE IN

LINE IN
MIC IN

LINE OUT
LINE
OUTPUT

MIDI
INPUT

OUT

IN

DC IN

MIC INPUT
DC IN

YAMA

HA

Headphones

LINE IN

SU10
LINE OUT
CD/Cassette
Player

14

POWER
ON OFF

PHONES

Supplying Power and Connecting Up

To control SU10 playback from an external keyboard:

Powered
speakers

MIDI OUT

MIDI IN

LINE OUT

SAMPLING UNIT

MIDI keyboard
(CBX-K1, etc.)

SU10

To back up all SU10 data to an external data filer (bulk dump):

MIDI OUT

MIDI IN

SAMPLING UNIT

SU10

MIDI Data Filer


(MDF2, etc.)

Supplying Power and Connecting Up

15

Playback

This chapter takes you through the various sample and song play procedures, and
explains the use of the special external performance functions.
Note that replay of samples and songs is affected by each samples edit settings
in particular, by the sounding mode and the loop settings. For information about
edit settings, refer to Chapter 8.
This chapter assumes that you have not made any changes to your SU10s factory settings, and
that the demo samples and song are still in place. If you have made changes, playback operation
may be somewhat different than described.
You are advised to save the demo samples and song to an external disk by MIDI bulk dump
(see page 58), so that you can restore them in case of future need. If you have already deleted
the demos, however, then you will need to record some new samples so that you will have
something to play; refer to Chapter 7 for details.

Preparation
1. Connect an amplifier or powered speakers to the LINE OUT jack, or connect
headphones to the headphone jack. (See illustration, page 14.)
If you are going to try ribbon crossfade (page 25) or either of the realtime
features (pages 29 to 30), you will also need to supply a LINE IN or MIC
INPUT signal.

2. Switch on the power to the SU10, and to the speakers (if connected).
3. Make sure the SU10 is in PLAY mode.
For most of the procedures in this chapter you will want to be in PLAY mode. The top right of the
LCD always indicates the current mode: if at any time you notice that you have moved into a
different mode, you can return to PLAY mode by pressing [EXIT] one or more times.

4. Set the SU10s VOLUME slider to about 1/4 maximum level. The slider sets
the signal level to the speakers or headphones.

16

Playback

5. Press [-1] or [+1] to set the digital volume to an appropriate value. This setting

determines the level at which the signal reproduces internally. You generally
want to set the level to just below the clipping level, as described in the box
below.

ABOUT CLIPPING
Setting the digital volume too high may cause clipping, resulting in distorted sound.
Clipping may also occur when you play many pads together, or when you change
filter values during FILTER or EXTERNAL FILTER playback. If you notice distorted sound during playback, press [-1] to lower the digital volume. Note that reducing the level with the volume slider or on your external speakers will not eliminate
clipping.

Basic Sample Playback


Your SU10 stores up to 48 samples: four banks of 12 samples each. The following
procedure shows how to replay these samples.

1. Select the bank by pressing the [BANK] button.


Lets begin with a pad from bank A. Under factory settings the SU10 starts up
in bank A, but try pressing [BANK] a few times anyway. Stop when you see an
A in the Bank Indicator area of the LCD.
Select bank A

BANK

Playback

17

2. Hold down [PAD

3] briefly to play sample A3, then release the button to stop


the sound. Try this several times. If necessary, adjust the volume using the
slider, the [-1] or [+1] button, or the volume controls on your external speakers
or amp.

You will notice that the sample plays continuously while the button is held, then stops when the
button is released. This is because this samples sounding mode is set to Note Driven (ON
when pressed, OFF when released), and the loop mode is set to Whole Loop. See pages 41, 43.

3. Now tap [PAD

11] very briefly to start play of sample A11.

Notice that playback does not stop when you release the pad, but continues to the end of the
sample. This is because the samples sounding mode is set to Trigger. (See page 44.)

4. Now try playing several samples at once.

The number of samples that can be played together at one time is referred to as the polyphony.
The SU10 can play a maximum of four monaural samples at once, although the number drops if
you select HI sampling grade or use the scale, scratch, filter, or crossfade features. If you try
playing too many samples at once, certain samples drop out. For more information about polyphony, see page 26 below.

Special Play Features I


Now lets try some of the SU10s special playback features.

HOLD
Use the HOLD feature when you want to force one or more samples to play as if
in Toggle sounding mode (see page 43). The held sample(s) will play through to
the end or, if looped, will play continuously.
The HOLD feature only operates on samples with sounding mode set to Note Driven.

1. To hear the effect most clearly, you should select a looping sample. Assuming
you have not yet changed the factory settings, you can try this with Pad A3. If
you are not now at BANK A, press [BANK] as necessary to get there.

2. Now press

[PAD 3] to begin playback. With the pad still held down, press
[HOLD]. Then release both buttons. Sample A3 will continue to play in an
endless loop.

18

Notice that an H appears at the lower left of the LCD to indicate that the sample is being held.

Playback

HOLD

SONG 1

3. Now try playing some other samples along with the held sample. You can play
from the same bank, or you can switch to some other bank.

Remember that there is a limit to the number of samples you can play at one time. When you
attempt to play too many samples, the SU10 will always force off non-held samples before it
forces off held samples.

4. To shut off the held pad, press the pad again, or else press [HOLD] again.

REVERSE
Hold down [REV] and press a pad. The sample will play out backwards, producing
a sound similar to that of a cassette tape or vinyl disc playing in reverse.

SCALE
For this effect you first select a single sample for scale play. You can then play the
sample at any of 12 different pitches, with pitch increasing in semitone units as
you move from [PAD 1] to [PAD 12] (original pitch).

1. Press [SHIFT]+[SCALE].

The LCD then prompts you to select a pad, and the


EFCT indicator comes on.
SHIFT

SCALE

Playback

19

2. If necessary, press [BANK] to change the bank. Then press the pad corresponding to the sample you want to play. A staircase-like icon appears in front of the
Vol indication at the lower left of the LCD.

If you attempt to select an empty pad, the LCD returns a Pad Empty message; you can then
change the selection by pressing [BANK], a pad, or [-1] [+1].

3. Now try pressing the various pads. Each pad plays the same sample at a differ-

ent pitch: [PAD 12] plays the original pitch; [PAD 1] produces the lowest pitch.

4. To return to normal PLAY mode, press [EXIT].


SCALE play is available only when the sampling grade is set to LONG or EXLG. If you try to
select this feature while the grade is HI or STD, the SU10 briefly displays the Change Grd!
message, then resumes normal PLAY mode. For information about sampling grades and how
to change them, see page 55.
When using this feature, you can only produce sound from one pad at a time.
Reverse playback is not possible during SCALE play. The [REV] button does not function. If
the selected sample has a reverse loop-mode setting, the setting automatically converts to its
forward-direction equivalent: Reverse Shot becomes One Shot, Reverse Loop becomes Whole
Loop. (For information about loop modes, see page 41.)
MIDI Note Number assignments (see page 45) are ignored during SCALE play. For outgoing
MIDI Note-ON/Off messages, note numbers increase incrementally: [PAD 1] drives MIDI Note
C1, [PAD 2] drives MIDI Note C#1, and so on up the scale. Operation is slightly different for
incoming messages: [PAD 1] is driven by MIDI Note C of any octave, [PAD 2] by MIDI Note C#
of any octave, and so on.

20

Playback

Special Features II: Ribbon Controller


The SU10s ribbon controller is probably its most distinctive feature. You can use
the ribbon to control pitch, filter, or crossfade during replay of samples and songs.
You can also use it to play a special scratchpad during sample play. Finally, you
use the ribbon as an effect controller for the SU10s special external modes. (For
information about external modes, see pages 29 to 30.)

Pitch Play
1. Be sure that the SU10 is in PLAY mode.
2. Press [SHIFT]+[PITCH].
The LCD changes as shown to indicate that you have selected the pitch feature.

Current ribbon value

PITCH-play indicator

PITCH symbol

3. You can now change the pitch dynamically by touching or rubbing your finger over the ribbon: pitch decreases as you move to the left, and increases as
you move to the right. Try this now while playing some samples or a song.
Notice that the LCD displays the ribbon value in real time.

4. To return to normal PLAY mode, press [EXIT]. The pitch automatically returns
to its original value.

Ribbon operation changes the value of the Pitch parameter a system-wide pitch offset
parameter that determines how much pitch varies from normal. You can access this setting directly from RECORDING or UTILITY mode; the allowable range is -20% to +10%. (See page
56.)

Playback

21

Filter Play
This feature applies a filter to samples and songs, with the ribbon providing dynamic control of the filter cutoff frequency. You select the filter type and resonance directly from within the filter-play function: the SU10 will remember the
settings when you terminate filter play, then restore them when you return. The
selected settings apply to all samples and songs.
Selecting filter play

1. With the SU10 in PLAY mode, press [SHIFT]+[FILTER].


The LCD indicates the current filter type and resonance. The lower left of the
LCD shows a graphic image of the resulting filter effect.
Filter type
l: LPF
b: BPF
h: HPF

Resonance
f: Flat
w: Weak
s: Strong

Effect-play indicator

Current ribbon value

Filter type
"b" = Band-pass filter

Filter image

"Weak" resonance

2. You can now use the ribbon to control the filter. Try playing some samples or
songs and running your finger over the ribbon. Notice that the LCD displays
the ribbon value in real time.
The effect you get depends on the current filter settings. If you wish to change
the settings, proceed as described below.

3. To return to normal PLAY mode, press [EXIT].

22

Playback

Viewing/Changing the filter and resonance settings

1. Set

the SU10 to filter-play operation as described above, then press


[SHIFT]+[EDIT]. The LCD indicates the currently selected filter type.

2. If you wish to change the filter type, press [-1] or [+1] as necessary. Available
types are LPF, BPF, and HPF. (See the FILTER SETTINGS box on the next page.)

3. If you wish to view or change the resonance setting, press [>] to move to the
resonance-select function. The LCD indicates the current resonance.

Press [-1] or [+1] to change the value as necessary. Available values are Flat,
Weak, and Strng (strong). (See FILTER SETTINGS box.)

4. Try playing some samples and working the ribbon to see how your new settings sound. When you are satisfied with the settings, press [EXIT] once to
terminate filter setup and return to the regular filter-play level. Or else press
[EXIT] twice to return to normal PLAY mode.
FILTER play is available only when the sampling grade is set to LONG or EXLG. If you try to
select this feature while the grade is HI or STD, the SU10 briefly displays the Change Grd!
message, then resumes normal PLAY mode. For information about sampling grades and how
to change them, see page 55.
Changing the filter type or switching the resonance to Strong may sometimes cause output to
exceed the clipping level. If sound is distorted, press [-1] to reduce the volume.

Playback

23

FILTER SETTINGS
You can select from three filter types and three resonance values. The filter types are
LPF (low-pass filter), BPF (band-pass filter), and HPF (high-pass filter).
LPF: Removes frequencies above the cutoff value.
BPF: Removes frequencies outside the cutoff range.
HPF: Removes frequencies below the cutoff value.
The resonance setting determines the amount of emphasis applied in the area around
the cutoff frequency.
Flat:
Almost no emphasis
Weak: Mild emphasis
Strong: Dramatic emphasis
The following drawings show how the resonance setting affects the frequency cutoff characteristics of a low-pass filter.
Volume

Volume

Volume

Cutoff
flat

Frequency

Cutoff
weak

Frequency

Cutoff

Frequency

strong

Scratchpad
You use this mode when you want to simulate the action of a DJ manually manipulating a turntable to produce a scratch effect. You begin by selecting the
source sample that contains the sound section that you want to use for this effect.
The ribbon will then work as an independent pad; running your finger over it is
the same as pushing an analog disc back and forth on the turntable, with the
needle stationed over a selected section.

1. With the SU10 in PLAY mode, hold down [SCRATCH] and press the pad containing the data section you want to use.

The LCD changes in three places to indicate that you have selected the scratch
effect.

24

Playback

Current ribbon value

SCRATCH indicator

SCRATCH symbol

2. Now try running your finger over the ribbon to scratch out the section.
The scratchpad does not operate on the entire source sample (unless it is very short), but only on
a small section, or window. You can adjust the position of the window by pressing buttons as
follows.
[SCRATCH]+[FWD]: Moves the window slightly toward the end of the sample.
[SCRATCH]+[BWD]: Moves the window slightly back toward the beginning of the sample.
[SCRATCH]+[TOP]: Moves the window to the top of the sample.

3. To return to normal play mode, press [EXIT].

Crossfade
This feature allows you to mix your sample and song output with a realtime acoustic signal received at the LINE INPUT or MIC INPUT jack. The SU10 outputs the
mixing result over LINE OUTPUT. Once you have selected crossfade play, you
can control the mix ratio dynamically by touching or rubbing the ribbon.
Please connect a playback device (such as a CD player) to the LINE INPUT jack,
or a microphone to the MIC INPUT jack, before trying this out. The MIC or LINE
indication on the third line of the LCD must match the input source you are using;
if necessary, refer to page 54 to 56 for instructions about how to change the setting.

1. With the SU10 in PLAY mode, press [SHIFT]+[CROSSFADER].


The LCD changes as shown to indicate that you have selected crossfade play.
Effect-play indicator

Current ribbon value

CROSSFADE symbol

Playback

25

2. You can now change the mix dynamically by touching or rubbing your finger
over the ribbon. Try this now while playing back some samples or a song.
Notice that the LCD displays the ribbon value in real time.

3. To return to normal PLAY mode, press [EXIT].


The CROSSFADE feature is not available if the sampling grade is set to HI.

About Polyphony
The maximum number of monaural samples that a device can play at any one
time is referred to as its polyphony. During normal play at standard sampling
grade, the SU10 can play four monaural (or two stereo) samples at once. Polyphony is lower, however, if you select HI sampling grade, or if you use the
scale, scratch, filter, or crossfade effect.
The following table shows the polyphonies for each combination of grade and
play type. A - entry denotes an impossible combination; if you attempt to set
such a combination, the LCD will return the Change Grd! message to indicate that you should reduce the sampling grade.
Grade
PLAY
Normal
Scale
Filter
Crossfade
Pitch
Scratchpad

HI

STD

LONG

EXLG

2
-

4
2
2
2

4
2*
2
4
4
2

4
2*
2
4
4
2

* The SCALE function can play only one sample (stereo or monaural) at a time.

If you attempt to exceed the polyphony limit, the SU10 automatically forces
off a playing sample to accommodate your new pad input. Specifically, the
SU10 will switch off the oldest playing sample that is not in HOLD state; or, if
all samples are in HOLD, then the oldest of these.

26

Playback

Playing a Song
Your SU10 can memorize and replay up to four songs. Each song is an arbitrary
sample playback sequence that you have recorded into memory. The LCD always
indicates the number of the currently selected song.
When playing a song, you can choose to have the song play once only, or else
repeat indefinitely until stopped. You can start song playback from any position
within the song, interrupt the playback at any time, then resume from the interrupt
point or from any other point. During PLAY mode, the LCD always indicates the
current time position in the currently selected song.
The following procedure shows you how to use all of the song replay features. The
procedure assumes that you are using Demo Song 1. For information about how
to create songs, refer to Chapter 7, page 35. For general advice about song replay,
refer to ABOUT SONG PLAY on page 28.

1. Select the song.


Hold down [SHIFT] and press the appropriate song pad. In this case, please
select [SONG 1]. The selected song number appears on the display. (You can
omit this step if the song you want to play is already selected.)

2. Press [PLAY] to begin playback; or press [PLAY]+[HOLD] to begin REPEAT playback.

In REPEAT playback, song play will continue to loop indefinitely until you press [STOP]. An
arrow indicator appears on the screen to indicate that REPEAT mode is selected.

Notice that the meter keeps track of the song time. Time begins at 0 and advances in 1/10-second
increments as you move through the song.

Selected song

SAMPLING UNIT

min.

REPEAT indicator

REC

TOP

Song positioners

BWD

STOP

PLAY

FWD

sec. 1/10-sec.

Current position

Press to stop song play.

Press to start song play.

Playback

27

3. Press [STOP] to interrupt the playback.


4. Press [PLAY] to resume playback from the point of interruption.
5. Press [STOP] to interrupt playback again.
6. Now try moving to different song locations. Press [FWD/>>] to move forward

through the song, [BWD/<<] to move back, or [TOP] to jump back to the top of
the song. (These operations are available only while song playback is stopped.)
The LCD meter always shows the current location in the song. You can begin
playing from any position by pressing [PLAY].
ABOUT SONG PLAY

Song playback operates exactly as if you were playing the pads at the console
in real time. The only exception is that song action is never transmitted over MIDI
OUT. In all other respects, playing a song is functionally equivalent to pressing and
releasing the corresponding pads.
You are free to combine pad play with song play. But you should avoid pressing a
pad while the corresponding sample is being sounded from within a song, since
this will cause the song sample to shut off.
Song playback is available with FILTER, CROSSFADE, and PITCH play. These
effects apply to song samples just as they do to pad-played samples.
Avoid using [HOLD] while a song is sounding, as the HOLD action will apply to
the sounding samples. Since HOLD acts as a toggle switch, it may cause some
samples to stay on too long while shutting others off immediately.
Stopping a song at midpoint switches off all currently playing song samples. If
you then restart from the same point, the interrupted samples do not resume. In
general, the sound at any given timepoint within the song (as indicated by the
time meter) may vary according to where you started the replay.
The SU10s polyphony determines the maximum number of sounds that can play
out at once. Playing a song with FILTER or SCRATCH, or at HI sampling grade,
may cause some of its sounds to drop out. Combining pad and song action may
also cause sounds to drop out.
If you edit or delete any of the samples used by the song, the songs sound changes
accordingly.

28

Playback

External Performance Modes


The external performance modes are an added feature that allow you to apply a
dynamic filter or a DJ-like scratch effect to a realtime signal as it feeds through the
SU10. Please keep in mind that these modes are not sampling modes, and have
nothing to do with samples and songs as described above.
Before trying the following procedures, connect a CD player or other playback
device to the LINE IN jack. Or if you like, you can use these effects with microphone input instead. The MIC or LINE indication on the third line of the LCD
must match the source you want to use; refer to page 56.

External Scratch
Under this mode, you use the ribbon to apply a scratch to a segment of feedthrough audio signal. The effect is that of a DJ who suddenly puts a finger onto a
playing disc and begins moving it back and forth.
While the ribbon is untouched, the SU10 feeds the incoming audio signal through
without change, while at the same time holding the most recent portion of the
signal in an internal scratch buffer. When you touch the ribbon, the SU10 switches
off the feed-through; you can then move your finger across the ribbon to produce
scratch play of the buffered data. When you release the ribbon, realtime feedthrough resumes.
Procedure

1. Press [SHIFT]+[EXTERNAL

SCRATCH] to enter the mode. The LCD changes as


shown below to indicate that you are in external scratch mode.
SCRATCH indicator

External-mode indicator

SCRATCH symbol

2. Feed a sound signal through the SU10. Use the [+1] or [-1] button to adjust the
volume as necessary; the LCD indicates the current volume.

3. Now

try alternately scratching and then releasing the ribbon. Listen to the
type of effect you get. Notice also that the LCDs RIBBON indicator displays
the ribbon value in real time.

4. To quit the mode, press [EXIT].


Playback

29

External Filter
This mode applies filtering to realtime input as it feeds through the SU10. You use
pads 1 to 4 to select or change the filter type, and pads 7 to 9 to select or change
the resonance. You use the ribbon to dynamically change the filter cutoff frequency.
Procedure

1. Press [SHIFT]+[EXTERNAL

FILTER]. The screen displays four special indicators:


external-mode indicator, filter-type indicator, resonance indicator, and graphic
image of the current filter effect.
Effect-play indicator

Current ribbon value

External-mode indicator
Filter image

"Weak" resonance

2. Press the pads corresponding to the filter and resonance you want to use. The
LCD indicators change to reflect the new selections. (For information about
filter types and resonance, see FILTER SETTINGS box on page 24.)
Filter Type
[PAD
[PAD
[PAD
[PAD

1]:
2]:
3]:
4]:

LPF
BPF
HPF
Bypass

Resonance
l
b
h
*

[PAD 7]: Flat


[PAD 8]: Weak
[PAD 9]: Strong

f
w
s

3. Now feed some sound through the SU10 and listen to the filter effect. Poke
your finger at various points on the ribbon, then run your finger up and back:
the cutoff point will change with each touch. Try this with different filter types
and resonance settings. You will see that you can get some very interesting
sounds. You can use the [+1] or [1] button to adjust the volume.

Notice that the LCDs RIBBON indicator displays the current ribbon value in real time.

4. To quit the mode, press [EXIT].

30

Playback

Recording Samples,
and Creating Songs

This chapter explains how to record samples and how to create songs.
(Explanation of song creation begins on page 35.)

Sample Recording Overview


To record a sample, you must (1) connect up the input source, (2) enter REC mode
and select the destination pad, (3) set the recording parameters, (4) start the recording, and (5) stop the recording. Each of these steps will be described in turn.

Connecting the Input Source


Connect a line input to the LINE IN jack, or a microphone to the MIC INPUT.

Entering REC Mode and Selecting


the Pad
1. Check that the SU10 is in PLAY mode, then press [REC] to enter RECORDING
mode. The LCD displays the REC indicator and prompts you to select the pad
to be recorded. The LCDs meter area indicates the available recording time.

Remaining recording time

Available recording time depends on (a) the amount of memory already used by other pads, and
(b) the current settings for the Grade, Pitch, and Format recording parameters.

Once you have entered RECORDING mode, you can return to PLAY mode at any time by
pressing [EXIT].

Recording Samples, and Creating Songs

31

2. To select, press [BANK] to choose the desired bank, then press the appropriate
pad or press [+1] or [1] as necessary. When you are sure that you have selected
the correct pad, press [ENTER]. The LCD displays the Gain parameter setting.
The GAIN indication on the third line of the LCD indicates the input level.

If the bank you have selected is locked, the LCD displays the Locked Bank! message, then
automatically returns you to PLAY mode. (For instructions about how to unlock a bank, see page
64.)

If the bank is unlocked but the pad is already occupied by an existing sample, the LCD will ask
whether you want to delete (overwrite) it: press [ENTER] to delete, or [EXIT] to return to PLAY
mode. If you delete the sample, the available recording time will increase accordingly.

Setting the Recording Parameters


The LCD now displays the Gain setting, the first of seven recording parameters.
Set each parameter to the appropriate value before beginning to record. To move
from one parameter to another, press [>] or [<]. To change the setting of a parameter, press [1] or [+1]. The following diagram illustrates the structure. The RECORDING PARAMETERS box describes each of the parameters in detail.
Gain [<][>] Grade [<][>] Pitch [<][>] Format [<][>] Input
[<][>] RecTrg [<][>] Defalt
You can also set these parameters (with the exception of the Gain parameter) from the UTILITY modes Recording Setup utility (see page 55). You will generally want to use UTILITY
mode when you need to set these parameters for purposes other than recording. For example, the
Grade setting also affects the playback pitch and polyphony, while the Input parameter
selects the input source used during CROSSFADE, EXTERNAL FILTER, and EXTERNAL
SCRATCH play.

32

Recording Samples, and Creating Songs

RECORDING PARAMETERS
Gain:

Sets the gain applied to the input signal. Press [1] or [+1] to adjust the
gain setting while inputting a signal similar to the signal you plan to
record. (You may first need to change the setting of the Input parameter to match your input source; see explanation below.) You can set the
gain to any value between 1 to 16; in general, you want to set the gain as
high as you can without causing clipping. If the setting is too high, a
mark appears to the right of Gain. If you see this mark, reduce the setting.

Gain is too high!

Grade: Selects the sampling grade at which the sample is recorded. You have
four choices: High, Standard, Long, and Extra Long (Hi, Std, Long,
Exlg). The tradeoff is between quality and recordable length: High
gives the best quality but is very memory-intensive and limits the available recording time. Extra Long provides much longer recording time
at a significant cost in quality.
A sample recorded at a given sampling grade will change its pitch if played
at a different grade. You may therefore find it best to record all related samples
at the same grade.
Playback at High grade reduces the available polyphony. If you plan to
play your recorded sample in combination with other samples, you may
want to avoid the High setting.
Total maximum recording time (for all 48 samples) at High grade is limited
to approximately 19 seconds. A sampling grade of High combined with a
pitch setting of +10% will provide a true sampling rate of 44.1kHz the
same as used on a conventional CD recording.

Recording Samples, and Creating Songs

33

Pitch: You can use this setting to add an offset to the systems pitch; the available range is -20% to 10%, settable in 1% increments. The setting applies to all samples and songs, and controls the pitch during both recording and playback. The adjustment is exactly analogous to applying a slight
change to the rotation speed of an analog tape recorder; the pitch change
applies both to tracks being recorded and to tracks being played back.
In general, you will want to leave this setting at 0% for recording purposes.
But note that increasing the pitch value will improve the actual sampling
grade, while decreasing the value will provide slightly longer recording time.
You can also use the pitch setting to match the length of the sample you are
about to record to the length of another phrase that has already been recorded. Recording the two samples at different pitches may make it possible for them to have equal replay lengths (tempos).

Format: Selects whether to record in stereo or mono (St or Mono). If you select
mono, the SU10 records the left input only. Note that a stereo sample
counts as two sounds in the polyphony calculation: you can never
play more than two stereo samples at once.
Input: Selects whether the SU10 takes its input from the LINE IN jack or the
MIC INPUT jack (Line or Mic). You cannot use both inputs together;
you must set this value to match the input you wish to use. The third line
of the LCD always indicates the currently selected source.
RecTrg: Selects the trigger that starts the actual recording. You can select one of
eight triggers.
Mnual: Manual trigger; recording will begin when you press [PLAY].
1,...,7:
The SU10 will enter standby when you press [PLAY], then begin recording when the input level reaches the trigger level.
Value 1 selects the lowest trigger level (hair trigger); value
8 selects the highest level.
Defalt: Selects the default loop mode the loop mode initially used for playing
back the recorded sample. This setting is not binding, since you can change
the value at any time by editing the sample. For information about loop
modes, see page 41.

34

Recording Samples, and Creating Songs

Starting/Stopping the Recording


To start recording, press [PLAY]. If the recording trigger (RecTrg) is set to manual,
the SU10 starts recording immediately; otherwise it displays the Waiting message and waits for the input level to reach the trigger level. During recording, the
LCD displays the word Recording, and the meter decrements to indicate the
remaining recordable time. You can end recording at any time manually, or else
continue to record until you run out of memory.

To end recording manually: Press [STOP]. The SU10 displays the Finished message, then returns to PLAY mode.
If memory runs out:

The SU10 stops the recording, briefly displays the


Memory Full! message, then returns to PLAY mode.

Do not switch off the power while the Finished! or Memory Full! message is on the LCD
as this may in some cases cause destruction of all internal data.

Creating Songs
To record a song, you (1) enter RECORDING mode and select the destination
song, (2) press [PLAY] to begin the recording, (3) press the pad sequence you want
to record as a song, (4) press [STOP] to end the recording. The procedure is described below. For hints about song creation, refer to the Creating Effective Songs
on page 37.
The SU10 has 4000 words (8KB) of dedicated song memory, sufficient for about 1000 pad and
button on/off events. The LCD indicates the amount of remaining memory as recording proceeds.
The song recording function recognizes both pad action and MIDI IN action. It is possible to
record from MIDI input in place of (or in addition to) local pad play.
You cannot record to a locked song. For information about song locks, see page 64.

Recording Samples, and Creating Songs

35

Procedure
1. Check that the SU10 is in PLAY mode, then press [REC] to enter RECORDING
mode. The LCD appears as follows.

2. Hold down [SHIFT] and press the pad corresponding to the song you want to

record ([SONG 1] to [SONG 4]). The LCD will then ask for confirmation, and the
meter will indicate the remaining free song memory.

If you wish to change to a different song, hold [SHIFT] and press the appropriate pad. If you wish
to cancel and return to PLAY mode, press [EXIT].

3. When you are ready to confirm, press [ENTER]. If the song you have selected is
recordable, the LCD displays the Press Play message.

If the song you have selected is locked, the LCD displays the Locked Song! message, then
automatically returns you to PLAY mode. (For instructions about how to unlock the song, see
page 64.)

If the song is unlocked but already contains a recorded sequence, the LCD will first ask whether
you want to delete (overwrite) it. If you wish to proceed, press [ENTER] and continue to the next
step. If you wish to cancel, press [EXIT] to return to the screen shown at Step 1 above.

4. Press [PLAY] to begin recording. But note that the SU10 will not start actual
recording until the moment you press a pad to begin the sequence.

5. Play the pad sequence you want to record.

The song will record all BANK and PAD action, as well as HOLD and REVERSE action. Ribbon operation is not recorded.The LCD meter keeps track of remaining song memory.

You can abort the recording and return to PLAY mode at any time by pressing [EXIT]. If you do
so, the previously existing song (if any) will undelete itself and be recovered.

6. To end the recording and return to PLAY mode, press [STOP].

36

If you run out of song memory, the SU10 ends the recording automatically, displays the Memory
Full! message for about one second, then returns you to PLAY mode.

Recording Samples, and Creating Songs

Creating Effective Songs


Planning ahead will help you create more effective songs and avoid unanticipated
problems. Note the following general precautions.
Do not include samples that you intend to edit or delete later. The sound of the
song will change if you edit or delete any of the samples that it uses.
If you plan to accompany the song with normal pad play or MIDI-controlled pad
play:
Remember that polyphony is limited. Dont overload the song with simultaneous sounds. Consider leaving some unrecorded spaces to allow for free pad
play.
Your song should not use pads that you intend to play yourself, since a conflict
will occur if you and the song try to control the same pad at the same time. A
good strategy is to record the song from one bank, then play along from another bank. Or record using pads 1 to 6, and play along using pads 7 to 12.
If you plan to use SCRATCH or FILTER with your song:
Remember that polyphony is significantly reduced during SCRATCH and FILTER play (see page 26). A song that sounds fine during normal play may lose
important sounds when used with these features. Design your song for the
available polyphony: no more than two monaural or one stereo sample playing
at any given time.
If you plan to begin play at positions other than top-of-song:
Do not include samples whose Sounding Mode is set to Toggle (see page 43),
since the pad trigger action changes according to the current replay state. If you
start a song from mid-position, you may find that sample replay begins where
you expected it to end, or ends where you wanted it to begin.
For additional information, refer to the ABOUT SONG PLAY box, page 28.

Recording Samples, and Creating Songs

37

Editing

Introduction
This SU10 offers you a variety of ways to edit your samples to control the way they
play back. For example, you can choose:
Which portion of the sample plays out
The direction of play (forward or reverse)
Whether the sample loops or plays one time only
Whether playback continues when you release the pad
You edit a sample by entering EDIT mode, selecting the sample, then making the
desired changes at one or more of the various edit functions. It is possible to play
a sample during editing so that you can hear the effect of your changes. You are
also free to switch editing to a different sample without leaving EDIT mode.
A listing of the edit functions appears below. The first eight functions set parameter
values; the remaining five functions execute an operation. Keep in mind that the
parameter-setting functions and the COPY and MOVE operations do not affect the
sound-data content of the sample in any way, so that you can try out various
changes without fear of destroying your recorded phrase. The SPLIT, COMPACT
and DELETE operations, however, will alter or delete the recorded wave and should
therefore be handled with special care.

Editing Functions
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)
(12)
(13)

38

Set the loop mode.


Set the sounding mode.
Set the volume.
Set the alternate group.
Set the MIDI note number.
Set the start point.
Set the loop point.
[Only if loop mode = PLoop]
Set the end point.
Copy sample to another pad.
Move sample to a different pad.
Split one sample into two.
Compact (trim) the sample.
Delete the sample.

Editing

Change wave content; not


reversible

Basic Procedure
1. Starting from PLAY mode, press [SHIFT]+[EDIT]. The LCD returns the message
Which pad?

Once you have entered EDIT mode, you can return to PLAY mode at any time by pressing [EXIT]
once or (in some cases) twice.

2. Select the sample you want to edit. Press [BANK] to select the bank, then press
the pad corresponding to the sample.

The LCD displays the Edit xx? message (where xx identifies the selected
pad). If you like, you can change the selection by pressing [BANK], a different
pad, or [+1], [1]. When you are satisfied with your selection, press [ENTER].

If you press an empty pad, the LCD displays the Pad Empty message and waits for a different
selection.

If you select a pad that is in a locked bank, the LCD briefly displays the Locked Bank!
message.

3. Move to the appropriate edit function.


The SU10 begins from the first edit parameter the loop-mode setting. If
loop mode is currently set to One-Shot, for example, the LCD will look
something like this.

Edit mode

If you are satisfied with the current setting, you can proceed to the next edit
function by pressing [>]. In general, you can move from function to function
by pressing [>] or [<]. The sequence is as follows:

Editing

39

LOOP MODE [<][>] SOUNDING MODE [<][>] PAD VOLUME [<][>]


ALTERNATE GROUP [<][>] MIDI NOTE NUMBER [<][>] START POINT [<][>]
LOOP POINT* [<][>] END POINT [<][>] COPY [<][>] MOVE [<][>] SPLIT [<][>]
COMPACT [<][>] DELETE
* Loop Point setting appears only if LOOP MODE = PLoop.

As a shortcut, you can press any of the following buttons to jump directly to
the corresponding function.
[TOP] START POINT setting
[BWD] LOOP POINT setting (Available only if loop mode is set to
Partial Loop.)
[FWD] END POINT setting

4. Change the value, or execute the operation.


To change a value
You can always change a value by pressing or holding [+1] or [1]. For some
parameters you can also use the ribbon to change the value: you may find it
useful to select an approximate value with the ribbon, then adjust with [+1] or
[1]. The MIDI Note Number parameter can be set via MIDI input. For more
information, refer to the individual parameter explanations below.
To execute an edit operation
COPY, MOVE, SPLIT: Select the destination by pressing [BANK], the appropriate pad, or [1], [+1] as necessary. Then press [ENTER] to execute.
COMPACT, DELETE: Check the pad selection, then press [ENTER]. Then press
[ENTER] once again to confirm, or [EXIT] to cancel.

5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 as necessary to edit the selected sample.


6. If you wish to edit a different sample, press [BANK] and/or the appropriate pad.
This will return you to Step 2 above.

7. When you have finished editing, press [EXIT] to return to PLAY mode.

40

During editing, you can hear the current editing result by pressing the pad of the sample you are
working on. But you must be careful to press the correct pad. If you press a different pad, the
SU10 stops editing of the current sample and offers to switch to your new selection. Note that
the LCD does not indicate the sample that is currently being edited; you must remember
this yourself.

If you switch from one sample to another during editing, the SU10 begins editing of the new
sample starting from the last selected edit function. This feature is convenient when you need to
change the same parameter on two or more samples: change the value on the first sample, then
press the pad for the next sample, then change the value again, and so on.

Editing

Edit Parameters and Operations


LOOP MODE [LpMode]
Purpose: Sets the playback direction and loop method.
Values: OShot, WLoop, Ploop, RShot, RLoop
To set:
Press [+1], [1]
Explanation

OShot (One Shot)


The sample plays once through, from Start Point to End Point, then stops.

Start point
Actual wave start

End point
Actual wave end

WLoop (Whole Loop)


Play begins from the Start Point, advances to the End Point, then jumps back
to the Start Point and repeats in a continuous loop.

Start point
Actual wave start

End point
Actual wave end

Editing

41

PLoop (Partial Loop)


The sample plays one through from Start Point to End Point, then jumps back
to the Loop Point. The section from the Loop Point to the End Point then plays
out repeatedly.

Start point

Loop point

End point
Actual wave end

Actual wave start

Note that it is possible to set the Loop Point to an earlier position than the Start
Point.

Start point
Loop point

End point
Actual wave end

Actual wave start

RShot (Reverse Shot)


The sample plays backwards once through, from End Point to Start Point.

RLoop (Reverse Loop)


The sample plays backwards in a loop. Play starts from the End Point, moves
to the Start Point, then jumps back to the End Point and repeats.

42

Editing

Please note the following important points.


The Loop Mode setting determines how playback proceeds while the sample
is ON, but the Sounding Mode setting determines the samples ON/OFF action. If Sounding Mode is set to Trigger, the sample will not loop.
The Start Point, Loop Point, and End Point can all be changed by editing, as
described below. The loop length must be at least 128; the SU10 will not
permit you to set loops shorter than this.
If you use the [REV] effect on a sample that is set to a reverse loop mode, the
sample will play out in its original (forward) direction.

SOUNDING MODE [SdMode]


Purpose: Sets the pads ON/OFF action.
Values: Note, Toggl, Trggr
To set:
Press [1], [+1]
Explanation

Note

(Note-driven)

The sample plays only while the pad is held down. Play stops as soon as you
release the pad, unless you extend the play by pressing [HOLD].
Pad Press

Pad Release

Toggl (Toggle)
Play starts when you press the pad the first time. The sample then plays through
once (if One Shot or Reverse Shot) or else loops endlessly. To switch off the
playing sample, you must press the pad once again. Notice that under this
mode the release of the pad has no effect.
Pad Press

Pad Release

Pad Press

Editing

43

Trggr (Trigger-driven)
Pressing the pad (or sending a MIDI Note On) causes the sample to play once
through, from Start Point to End Point. The sample does not loop. (But if Loop
Mode is set to RLoop or RShot the sample will play in reverse.) Pressing the
pad again (or sending another MIDI Note On) while play is in progress causes
playback to start over.
Pad Press

PAD VOLUME

Pad Release

[PadVol]

Purpose: Sets the samples relative volume.


Values: 0,...,127
To set:
Touch the ribbon; press or hold [1] or [+1].
Explanation
Use this setting to adjust the sample volume relative to that of other samples. If
you find that the sample A3 is too loud when played together with sample A4, for
example, you can adjust by lowering the volume for A3 and/or increasing the
volume for A4.
If you play the sample while changing the value, you will be able to hear the level
going up or down.

ALTERNATE GROUP [AltGrp]


Purpose: Selects the samples alternate group.
Values: Off, 1, 2, 3
To set:
Press [1], [+1].
Explanation
You use this feature to identify samples that you do not want to have sounded
together. All samples in the same group become mutually exclusive; playing a
sample from a given group automatically forces off any other sample from that
same group. You can set each sample into any of three groups (1, 2, or 3), or you
can set the value to Off (no group).

44

Editing

This feature is useful for


Preventing simultaneous play of clashing sounds.
Reducing risk of accidental sound dropouts caused by too many samples playing at once.
Operational efficiency: You can use a single pad to simultaneously stop play
of one sample and start play of another. This operation would otherwise require two (carefully timed) button presses.

MIDI NOTE NUMBER [Note#]


Purpose: Selects the pads MIDI Note Number.
Values: Off; C-2,...,G8
To set:
Press/hold [1] or [+1], or input MIDI NOTE ON message.
Explanation
This function selects the MIDI Note Number assigned to the pad. You can drive
the pads play by inputting MIDI messages carrying the selected note number; or
you can use the pad to drive the corresponding note of an external MIDI device.
You can set the value in either of two ways:
By pressing [+1] or [1]
By inputting a MIDI NOTE ON message from an external MIDI device. (The
setting will automatically change to match the messages note number.)
Under default conditions, note numbers are assigned sequentially starting from
pad A1 (note C1) and ending with pad D12 (note B4).

If you select a note number that is already in use on another pad, the setting on the other pad
automatically switches to Off.

The assignments made here are not effective during SCALE play. For information about how
note numbers are handled during SCALE play, see page 20.

The SU10 recognizes velocity values in MIDI Note-On messages, and varies the replay level
accordingly.

It is possible to have a MIDI Note On message drive a sample in reverse. To use this feature, you
must first set the SU10s program to 2 (by sending a MIDI Program Change message carrying
program number 01h). Once you have done this, any Note-On message with a velocity of 110 or
above will drive the corresponding sample in reverse the same action you can get locally by
holding [REV] while pressing the pad.

Editing

45

START POINT

[StPnt]

Purpose: Sets the playback start point.


Values: 0,...,(127 less than endpoint)
To set:
Touch the ribbon; or press or hold [1], [+1].
Explanation
This function sets the samples start point. The selected point determines where
sample replay starts (for forward-direction play) or ends (for reverse-direction play).
A setting of 0 corresponds to the wave start point.
Note that you can change this value by touching the ribbon. (The leftmost point of
the ribbon corresponds to a setting of 0.) You may find it convenient to touch the
ribbon to get an approximate value, then press [+1] or [1] for fine tuning.
If loop mode is set to Whole Loop or Reverse Loop, you can hear how the loop
sound alters as the value changes. Simply hold down the pad while changing the
value; the sample will continue to loop as the Start Point changes.
Also if loop mode is Whole Loop or Reverse Loop, the SU10 will display the
TEMPO indicator and current tempo at the bottom right of the LCD. The tempo
value will change as you adjust the START point. Refer to the About TEMPO box
for information.

About TEMPO
When you edit the start point or end point of a loop, the lower right of the LCD
displays the word TEMPO, and the meter area indicates a tempo value. The value is
an estimation of the tempo of the looping segment (in beats per minute), and can be
used as a reference for matching the timing of loops on different samples. The value
always falls between 80.00 and 159.99; the calculation is based on the assumption
that the loop segment consists of a regular number of beats (1, 2, 4, 8, 16, or so
on).
Note that the value applies to the looped part only. For a Whole Loop or Reverse
Loop sample, this is the area between the Start Point and the Loop End point. For
a Partial Loop sample, however, this is the area between the Loop Point and the
End Point.
In most cases the tempo is shown to the nearest hundredth of a beat, with an underscore for the decimal: 124_34, for example, means 124.34 beats per minute. For
reverse loops and very long forward loops, the calculation is shown to the nearest
full beat only: 124_. No tempo is displayed for loops that are shorter than 0.375
second.
Because tempo calculation is based on the loops time length, the result varies according to the current Grade and Pitch settings.

46

Editing

LOOP POINT [LpPnt]


(Appears only if Loop Mode=PLoop)
Purpose: Sets the start point of the loop segment.
Values: 0,...,(127 less than endpoint)
To set:
Touch the ribbon; or press or hold [1], [+1].
Explanation
This parameter, which appears only if the samples loop mode is set to Partial
Loop, sets the start point for the loop segment. Recall that under Partial Loop
mode, the sample plays one time from Start Point to End Point, then plays subsequent iterations from Loop Point to End Point.
You can change this value by touching the ribbon. You may find it convenient to
touch the ribbon to get an approximate value, then press [+1] or [1] for fine tuning.
You can hear how the loop sound alters as you change the value. Simply hold
down the pad while changing the value; the sample will continue to loop as the
value changes.
During editing, the SU10 displays the TEMPO indicator and current tempo at the
bottom right of the LCD. The tempo value will change as you adjust the setting.
Refer to the About TEMPO box on page 46 for details.

END POINT

[EdPnt]

Purpose: Sets the playback end point.


Values: Start/loop point + 127,....,wave end
To set:
Touch the ribbon; or press or hold [1], [+1].
Explanation
This function sets the samples end point. The selected point determines where
sample replay ends (for forward-direction play) or starts (for reverse-direction play).
The maximum value is equal to the wave end point; the minimum value is 127
greater than the Start Point or Loop Point (whichever is greater).
Note that you can change this value by touching the ribbon. (The rightmost point
of the ribbon corresponds to the end location of the recorded wave.) You may find
it convenient to touch the ribbon to get an approximate value, then press [+1] or
[1] for fine tuning.
If loop mode is set to Whole Loop, Partial Loop, or Reverse Loop, you can hear
how the loop sound alters as the value changes. Simply hold down the pad while
changing the value.

Editing

47

Also if loop mode is Whole Loop, Partial Loop, or Reverse Loop, the SU10 will
display the TEMPO indicator and current tempo at the bottom right of the LCD.
The tempo value will change as you adjust the setting. Refer to the About TEMPO
box on page 46 for details.

COPY [CopyTo

?]

Purpose
Use this function to copy the content of one pad into another. The destination pad
must be empty, and there must be enough free memory to accommodate the copy.
Following the copy, the source and destination pads will hold identical wave content and parameter settings, except that the MIDI Note Number for the destination
pad will remain unchanged.

Source

Pad

Pad

Sample

Sample
Execute

Copy

Destination

Pad

Pad
Sample

Procedure

1. When you enter this function, the LCD displays a message such as the following:
CopyTo
x x?
Change the destination selection as necessary. To change the bank, press [BANK].
To change to a different sample in the same bank, press the corresponding
pad, or else press [+1] or [1].

If you do not wish to execute the copy, press [>] or [<] to change to a different edit function, or
else press [EXIT] to return to PLAY mode.

2. Press [ENTER]. The LCD displays a confirmation prompt.


Cpyx x
y y?

48

Editing

3. Press [ENTER] to execute the copy. If the copy is allowed, the SU10 begins
execution and displays the Keep PwrOn message.
Do not switch off power while this message is on the screen.

If your destination pad is in a locked bank, the LCD briefly displays the Locked Bank!
message, then waits for you to select another destination.

If the destination pad is already occupied, the LCD briefly displays the Cannot Copy! message, then waits for another selection.

4. When execution is completed, the LCD briefly displays the Complete

message, then asks whether to begin editing of the destination pad. You can now
(a) press [ENTER] to start editing of the destination pad; (b) select a different pad
for editing; or (c) press [EXIT] to return to PLAY mode.

MOVE

[MoveTo

?]

Purpose
Use this function to move a sample (wave content and all parameter settings other
than MIDI Note Number) from one pad to another. The destination pad must be
empty. Following the operation, the source pad will be empty, and the destination
pad will hold the sample.

Source

Pad

Pad

Sample
Execute
Move

Destination

Pad

Pad
Sample

Procedure

1. When you enter this function, the LCD displays a message such as the following:
MoveTo
x x?
Change the destination selection as necessary. To change the bank, press [BANK].
To change to a different sample in the same bank, press the corresponding
pad, or else press [+1] or [1].

Editing

49

If you do not wish to execute the move, press [>] or [<] to change to a different edit function, or
else press [EXIT] to return to PLAY mode.

2. Press [ENTER]. The LCD displays a confirmation Prompt.


Movx x
y y ?

3. Press [ENTER] to execute the move. If the move is possible, the SU10 begins
execution and displays the Keep PwrOn message.
Do not switch off power while this message is on the screen.

If your destination pad is in a locked bank, the LCD briefly displays the Locked Bank!
message, then waits for you to select another destination.

If the destination pad is already occupied, the LCD briefly displays the Cannot Move! message, then waits for another selection.

4. When

execution is completed, the LCD displays the Complete message,


then asks whether to begin editing of the destination pad. You can now (a)
press [ENTER] to start editing of the destination pad; (b) select a different pad
for editing; or (c) press [EXIT] to return to PLAY mode.

SPLIT [SpltTo

?]

Purpose
You use this function to split the sample you are editing into two parts. The split is
executed at the samples End Point. The initial portion of the wave content (from
wave start to End Point) remains in the original pad, while the final area (from End
Point to wave end) moves into the destination pad. This function is useful for
dividing up a long pad, or for breaking a pad into two or more pieces so that you
can play the pieces together.
Pad
Original StPnt EdPnt
Sample

Pad
StPnt EdPnt

Sample
Execute

Destination

Pad

Pad
Sample

50

Editing

You cannot execute a split unless the following two conditions hold:
1. The destination pad is empty.
2. The End Point value of the source pad is at least 128 units less than its maximum possible
value.

Procedure

1. When you enter this function, the LCD displays a message such as the following:
SpltTo
x x?
Change the destination selection as necessary. To change the bank, press [BANK].
To change to a different sample in the same bank, press the corresponding
pad, or else press [+1] or [1].

If you do not wish to execute the split, press [>] or [<] to change to a different edit function, or
else press [EXIT] to return to PLAY mode.

2. Press [ENTER]. The LCD displays a confirmation prompt.


Splx x
y y?

3. Press [ENTER] to execute. If splitting is possible, the SU10 begins execution


and displays the Keep PwrOn message.
Do not switch off power while this message is on the screen.

If your destination pad is in a locked bank, the LCD briefly displays the Locked Bank!
message, then waits for another destination selection.

If the destination pad is already occupied, or if the pads End Point is within 128 units of the
wave end, the LCD will return the Cannot Splt message and prompt you for another pad
selection. If the problem is with the End Point setting, you will not be able to execute the
split no matter which pad you choose; you must press [<] or [>] to change the edit function, or
else press [EXIT] to return to PLAY mode.

4. Once the split is executed, the LCD asks whether to begin editing of the destination pad. You can (a) press [ENTER] to start editing of the destination pad;
(b) select a different sample for editing; or (c) press [EXIT] to return to PLAY
mode.

Editing

51

COMPACT

[Compct

?]

Purpose
To compact a sample means to remove all of its leading and trailing waveform
data that is, all waveform data existing ahead of the Start Point or Loop Point
(whichever is first), as well as all data existing after the End Point. By clearing this
extraneous data, you free some memory for additional recording. This operation
does not affect the samples current sound, since leading and trailing data are not
reproduced during playback. But once you have deleted this data, it is lost forever, and cannot be restored by editing.
Execute

Pad
StPnt

EdPnt

Sample

Pad
StPnt

EdPnt

Sample

Procedure

1. The LCD displays the following message, where xx

identifies the currently

selected pad.
Compct
x x?
You are free to change the selection. To change the bank, press [BANK]. To
change to a different sample within the same bank, press the corresponding
pad, or [+1] or [1].

If you do not wish to compact, press [>] or [<] to change to a different edit function, or else press
[EXIT] to return to PLAY mode.

2. Press [ENTER] to execute. The LCD displays a confirmation query.


Cpt xx
Sure?

3. To execute, press [ENTER] again.

If you do not want to execute, press [EXIT] instead. The SU10 returns to Step 1 above.

4. The SU10 begins execution and displays the Keep

PwrOn message. Do not


switch off power while this message is on the screen. When execution is
completed, the LCD briefly displays the Complete message, then returns to
the same prompt display shown in Step 1 above.

5. To select another pad for compacting, repeat from Step 1 above. To return to
PLAY mode, press [EXIT].

52

Editing

You may notice that the Start Point (or Loop Point) value may not return to exactly 0 following
compacting, but may be as high as 1 (for a stereo sample) or 3 (for a monaural sample). In the
same way, the End Point may be 1 to 3 units ahead of the actual wave end. This is because the
SU10 can only delete data in 2-unit (if stereo) or 4-unit (if monaural) segments.

DELETE [Delete

?]

Purpose
This procedure deletes the entire sample from memory. Recordable memory space
increases, and the emptied pad becomes free to accept new data.
Pad

Execute

Pad

Sample

Procedure

1. When you enter this function, the LCD displays the following message, where
xx identifies the currently selected pad.
Delete
x x?

2. Press [ENTER]. The LCD displays a confirmation query.


Del xx
Sure?

3. To execute, press [ENTER] again.

If you do not want to execute deletion, press [EXIT] instead. The SU10 returns to Step 1 above.

4. The SU10 begins execution and displays the Keep

PwrOn message. Do not


switch off power while this message is on the screen. When execution is
finished, the LCD briefly displays the Complete message, then returns the
Which Pad? prompt.

5. Select another pad for editing, or else press [EXIT] to return to PLAY mode.

Editing

53

UTILITY Mode

Introduction
You use UTILITY mode to make various system settings and to perform system
management and MIDI-related operations. The mode comprises seven utilities, as
follows.
Name

Function

Page

Rec
MIDI
Bulk
MSDS
Song
Lock
Init

Set recording parameters.


Set MIDI parameters.
Send/receive bulk dump.
Execute a sample dump.
Delete a selected song.
Lock/unlock a bank or song.
Delete all data and initialize system.

55
56
58
62
63
64
64

General Procedure
1. Enter the UTILITY menu.
From PLAY mode, press [SHIFT]+[UTIL]. The LCD changes as follows. The word
Utilty indicates that you are at the menu level.
UTILITY mode

54

UTILITY Mode

2. Press [>] or [<] as necessary to select the utility you need to use.
Rec [<][>] MIDI [<][>] Bulk [<][>] MSDS [<][>] Song
[<][>] Lock [<][>] Init

3. Press [ENTER] to enter the utility.


4. Set the parameters or execute the operation within the utility you have selected.
To move to another parameter or
operation within the same utility Press [>] or [<].
To change a parameter setting
Press [+1] or [1].
To execute an operation
Press [ENTER].

5. Press [EXIT] once to return to the UTILITY menu. If you need to work at another
utility, return to Step 2 above.

6. Press [EXIT] again to return to PLAY mode.

Recording Setup [Rec]


You can use this utility to preset the parameters to be used for recording. You may
also use it to adjust the sampling grade, pitch, and input-source settings for purposes of playback. The following diagram shows the utility structure.
Grade [<][>] Pitch [<][>] Format [<][>] Input [<][>]
RecTrg [<][>] Defalt
All of these parameters are accessible under RECORDING mode; for detailed information, refer to pages 32 to 34. The three parameters that apply also to playback are described briefly below.
Grade: Selects the sampling grade at which the sample is replayed. You have
four choices: High, Standard, Long, and Extra Long (Hi, Std, Long,
Exlg). In general, you will want to use the same grade that was used at
recording, since use of a different grade will change the pitch.
Note that a setting of Hi reduces the SU10 polyphony and disables
use of FILTER, CROSSFADE, PITCH, SCALE, and SCRATCH features,
while a setting of Std disables use of FILTER and SCALE. If you attempt to select a disabled play feature, the SU10 returns the Change
Grd! message. You can correct the problem by changing the Grade
setting at this utility.

UTILITY Mode

55

Pitch:

You can use this setting to add an offset to the systems pitch; the available range is -20% to 10%, settable in 1% increments.

Input:

Selects whether the SU10 takes its input from the LINE IN jack or the
MIC INPUT jack (Line or Mic). You will need to set the appropriate
value if you are using the CROSSFADE, EXTERNAL FILTER, or EXTERNAL SCRATCH feature.

MIDI Setup [MIDI]


You use this utility to set the SU10s MIDI parameters. The following diagram
shows the utility structure.
MIDICh [<][>] DevNum [<][>] Local [<][>] RbnNum [<][>]
NoteTbInit? [<][>] NoteTbClr?

MIDI Channel

[MIDICh]

Purpose: Sets the MIDI channel.


Values: 1,...,16, Off
Explanation
Selects the channel for both incoming and outgoing MIDI channel messages.
The SU10 attaches the specified channel number to outgoing channel messages
(Note On, Note Off, and Control Change messages). It responds only to those
incoming channel messages (Note On, Note Off, and Channel Volume messages)
that carry the specified channel number.
If the setting is Off, the SU10 does not send or receive channel messages.

MIDI Device Number

[DevNum]

Purpose: Sets the SU10 device number for System Exclusive messages.
Values: 1,...,16, All, Off
Explanation
This setting assigns the device number that the SU10 uses for incoming and outgoing data dumps and other system exclusive messages.
1,...,16 The SU10 includes the selected device number in outgoing messages, and responds only to those incoming message that include
this device number.

56

UTILITY Mode

All
Off

The SU10 accepts dumps from any device, and transmits dumps to
Device 1.
The SU10 does not accept incoming dumps, and transmits dumps to
Device 1.

Local Control

[Local]

Purpose: Sets local control on or off.


Values: On, Off
Explanation
This setting selects whether the SU10 pads control SU10 playback.
On You can use both the SU10 pads and remote MIDI messages to control
playback.
Off Local playback is controlled exclusively by MIDI messages received from
external devices.

Ribbon Number

[RbnNum]

Purpose: Assigns the ribbons controller number.


Values: Off, P.Bnd, 0,...,120
Explanation
This setting assigns a controller number to the ribbon, so that you can use the
ribbon to drive an external controller.
Off
The SU10 does not output Control Change messages.
P.Bnd When you change the ribbon value, the SU10 outputs a Pitch Bend
message indicating the new value.
0,...,120 When you change the ribbon value, the SU10 outputs a MIDI Control
Change message indicating the new value. The message carries the
controller number specified by this parameter.

Initialize Note Table

[NoteTbInit?]

Purpose
Reinitializes MIDI note-number assignments.
Procedure
Press [ENTER] to execute. The LCD will return the Init Sure? confirmation
prompt. Press [ENTER] again to proceed, or press [EXIT] to cancel and return to the
UTILITY menu level.
UTILITY Mode

57

Explanation
This operation deletes current pad/note-number assignments, and reassigns note
numbers to pads sequentially, as follows.
Pad
A1
A2
:
A11
A12
B1
:
D12

Number
36 (C1)
37 (C#1)
:
46 (A#1)
47 (B1)
48 (C2)
:
83 (B4)

You can use the EDIT modes MIDI NOTE NUMBER function to select an arbitrary number
assignment for any pad; see page 45.
The assignments made here are not effective during SCALE play. For information about how
note numbers are handled during SCALE play, refer to page 20.

Clear Note Table

[NoteTbClr?]

Purpose:
Deletes all MIDI note-number assignments.
Procedure:
Press [ENTER] to execute. The LCD returns the Clear Sure? confirmation prompt.
Press [ENTER] again to confirm, or press [EXIT] to cancel and return to the UTILITY
menu level.
Explanation
This operation deletes all note-number assignments for all pads. Immediately following execution, you will not be able to use pads to drive an external device, nor
use an external device to drive SU10 playback. You can restore normal remote
operation by setting up new assignments using either the NoteTbInit operation
(described above) or the EDIT modes MIDI NOTE NUMBER function (page 45).

Bulk Dump [Bulk]


You use this utility to dump (save) all SU10 sample and song data to an external
device, or to reload data from an external device. The utility also lets you select
the packet interval for outgoing dumps.

58

UTILITY Mode

This is the utility you use to back up your SU10 data. To save all data to floppy
disk, for example, you would connect the MIDI OUT connector to the MIDI IN of
a Yamaha MDF2 MIDI Data Filer or equivalent, then dump from the SU10 to the
MDF2. You could then reload your data at any time by reversing this procedure.
For information about dumping to or from specific Yamaha devices, refer to page 61.

The following diagram shows the utility structure.


Dump Rcv? [<][>] Dump Send? [<][>] Intrvl

Receiving

[Dump Rcv?]

Purpose
Receives a bulk dump from an external device. You can use this function to reload
SU10 data that you backed up to an external medium using the Dump Send function.
Procedure

1. Press [ENTER] in response to the Dump

Rcv? query. The SU10 displays the


confirmation query Receiv OK? If you are ready to receive, press [ENTER]
again.

If any bank or song is locked, the SU10 displays the message Locked Data! and returns you
to the UTILITY menu without receiving the dump.

2. The SU10 stands by for the start of data flow. The Waiting

message appears
to indicate that data reception has not yet started. During this time you can
cancel the dump at any time by pressing [EXIT].

3. When data reception begins, the SU10 disables the [EXIT] button and displays
the Receiving message. The meter indicates the percentage of data received.
Do not switch power off while reception is in progress.

4. Upon receipt of all data, the SU10 briefly displays the Complete

message,

then returns you to PLAY mode.


If the flow of incoming data stops unexpectedly for 30 seconds while dumping is in progress, the
LCD displays the Time Out! message to indicate that the dump has failed and all internal data
have been lost. If you see this message, press [EXIT] to return to the UTILITY menu, then try the
download again.
Some devices (such as the YAMAHA QY300 and QS300) store SU10 backup data in four separate songs (song files), since this is the way they receive the data at time of backup. If you are
dumping from one of these devices, you will have to change the song three times during the
transfer. The Time Out! condition will not occur while you are between songs.

UTILITY Mode

59

Sending

[Dump Send?]

Purpose
Sends a bulk dump to an external device. You can use this function to back up
your SU10 data, or to copy it into another SU10.
Procedure

1. Before selecting Dump

Send?, move to the Intrvl setting (press [>]) and


select the appropriate value (see the explanation following this procedure).
Then press [<] to move back to the Dump Send query. Then press [ENTER].

2. The SU10 displays the confirmation query Send

OK? Press [ENTER] to begin

sending.

3. The SU10 sends the first part of the dump, then pauses and displays the mes-

sage Next OK? When you are ready to proceed, press [ENTER]. The SU10 will
subsequently stop and display this message two more times. Press [ENTER]
each time to continue. When sending is finished, the SU10 briefly displays the
Complete message, then automatically returns you to the UTILITY menu.

The SU10 breaks the transmission into four segments to allow for transfers to machines with
limited memory or reception capacity. Some receiving devices will be able to record all four
segments to a single file. With other devices you will have to set each segment into a separate
file.

You can press [EXIT] at any time to abort the dump. The LCD displays the word Canceled, then
returns you to the UTILITY menu.

Interval

[Intrvl]

Purpose
Assigns the bulk-dump packet interval.
Values:
Short, Mid, Long
Explanation
Selects the time interval that the SU10 interposes between adjacent packets when
transmitting a bulk dump.
Short Provides fastest dumping. Use this setting when dumping to another
SU10 or a YAMAHA MDF2 or QY300.
Mid
About twice as long as the Short interval. Use this setting when
dumping to a YAMAHA QS300.
Long
About eight times as long as the Short interval.

60

UTILITY Mode

If you are not yet sure of the receiving capabilities of your destination device, use the Long
setting to ensure accurate transmission. After making a secure backup, you can test out shorter
intervals to see if the device supports them.

Dumping To or From a Yamaha MDF2, QY300, or QS300


To dump to an MDF2:

1. Set the MDF2 to Seq mode. (Do not set to MDR mode.)

Set the SU10s

Intrvl value to Short.

2. At the MDF2, press REC + START/STOP to begin recording.


3. At the SU10, move to the Dump Send? screen and press [ENTER] twice to
begin sending.

4. When the SU10 displays the message Next

OK?, press [ENTER] to continue transmission. The message will appear three times.

5. When transfer is completed, move to the MDF2 and press START/STOP to


terminate recording. You can then remove the disk.
To dump to a QY300 or QS300:

1. If dumping to a QY300, set the SU10s Intrvl value to Short. If dumping to a QS300, set the value to Mid.

2. Begin song recording at the QY300/QS300.


3. At the SU10, move to the Dump Send? screen and press [ENTER] twice to
begin sending.

4. Each time the SU10 displays the message Next

OK?, proceed as follows.


You will have to repeat this process three times. When you have finished,
your SU10 data will be stored in four separate song files on floppy disk.

4-1) Go to the QY300/QS300 and terminate the recording. Save the


data as a song into floppy disk, then clear the song data from main
memory.

4-2) Set the QY300/QS300 to begin recording of a new song.

You will need to remember the order in which you record the songs, so that you can use the
same order when reloading the data to the SU10. Include sequential numbers or other identifiers in the song names.

4-3) At the SU10, press [ENTER] to resume transmission.

UTILITY Mode

61

To load from an MDF2:

1. Set the MDF2 to Seq mode. (Do not set to MDR mode.)
2. At the SU10, move to the Dump Rcv? screen and press [ENTER] twice to
begin receiving.

3. At the MDF2, press the START/STOP button to begin playback.


To load from a QY300 or QS300:

1. Go the QY300/QS300 and load the first of your four backup song files.
(Remember that backed-up data is contained in four separate song files.)

2. At the SU10, move to the Dump

Rcv? screen and press [ENTER] twice to

begin receiving.

3. Begin song playback at the QY300/QS300.


4. When transfer of the song is completed, load

the next song file at the


QY300/QS300, and begin song playback again. Continue until all four
files have been sent.

Sample Dump
Use this utility to dump one or more selected samples in MIDI Sample Dump
Standard format, a standard format recognized by a wide variety of synthesizers,
samplers, and MIDI software packages. This utility makes it possible to send individual samples to a remote device for replay or editing.
When you enter this utility, the SU10 displays a message such as the following:
MSDSTx
x x?
Procedure

1. Select the sample you want to dump by pressing [+1] or [1], or by pressing

[BANK] (if necessary) and the appropriate pad. The displayed message changes
to indicate the selected sample. Press [ENTER] to begin transmission.

62

If the selected pad is empty, the LCD displays the Pad Empty message and waits for you to
select a different pad. Select another sample as described above, or else press [EXIT] to return to
the UTILITY menu.

UTILITY Mode

2. The SU10 executes the dump. If the sample is monaural, the SU10 displays
the message Sending M to indicate that transmission is in progress.
If the sample is stereo, the SU10 sends the left part first, while displaying the
message Sending L. When finished, it asks whether to send the right part
(Send R OK?). Press [ENTER] to proceed, or [EXIT] to end.

You can abort an ongoing dump at any time by pressing [EXIT]. The LCD will briefly display the
Canceled message, then offer to dump the next sample.

3. Upon completing the dump, the LCD briefly displays the Complete

message, then offers to dump the next sample. You can (a) press [ENTER] to dump
the indicated sample; (b) change the sample selection; or (c) press [EXIT] to
return to the UTILITY menu.
The SU10 sends a sample identification along with the data. If the pad is monaural, the ID is
equal to the pad number: ID 1 identifies pad A1, ID 2 identifies pad A2, ID 48 identifies pad
D12. If the sample is stereo, the SU10 dumps it as two samples, using the pad number for the
left samples ID, and 50 plus the pad number for the right samples ID. If you dump stereo
sample A3, for example, the left sample gets ID 3, while the right sample gets ID 53.
The SU10 always transmits the sample in forward direction (from start of wave to end of
wave), regardless of the samples loop-mode setting.
Not all receiving devices will be able to reproduce the sample exactly as it sounds on the SU10.
In particular, loop operation and replay pitch may be slightly different.

Song Deletion [Song]


You use this utility to delete selected songs. When you enter this utility, the SU10
displays a message such as the following, offering to delete the currently selected
song.
Delete
Sg#1?
You have three choices:

1. Press [ENTER] to delete the indicated song.


2. Select a different song by pressing [+1] or [1], or by holding down [SHIFT] and
pressing the appropriate SONG button. Then press [ENTER] to delete.

3. Press [EXIT] to return to the UTILITY menu.


The SU10 does not return a confirmation query prior to deleting the song. Be careful to avoid
accidental erasure.
After deleting a song, the SU10 offers to delete the next nonempty song (if any). Again, be
careful to avoid accidental deletion.

UTILITY Mode

63

If you attempt to delete an empty or locked song, the LCD briefly displays an appropriate message, then returns to the original prompt. You must then change the song selection or else press
[EXIT].

Lock [Lock]
You use this utility to lock or unlock selected banks or songs. The lock feature
allows you to protect samples and songs from accidental editing or deletion. Specifically, the SU10 does not allow you to edit or delete any sample within a locked
bank, and will not allow you to overwrite a locked song.
When you first enter this utility, the LCD displays the lock setting for Bank A. If the
lock is Off, for example, the display will look like this:
Bank A
Off
Proceed as follows.

1. To move to the setting for a different bank or song, press [>] or [<]. The sequence is:
Bank A [<][>] Bank B [<][>] Bank C [<][>] Bank D [<][>]
Song 1 [<][>] Song 2 [<][>] Song 3 [<][>] Song 4

2. To change the lock setting to On, press [+1]. To change the setting to Off, press
[1].

3. To return to the UTILITY menu, press [EXIT].

Initialize [Init]
You can use this utility to (a) delete all song and sample data, or (b) delete all song
and sample data while at the same time resetting all system parameters to their
defaults. The SU10 will refuse to execute this operation if any banks or songs are
locked.
The utility consists of two functions, as follows.
Init Data? [<][>] Init All?

64

UTILITY Mode

Deleting data only [Init Data?]


Purpose
Deletes all samples and all songs. Does not delete system settings.
Procedure

1. Press [ENTER] in response to the Init

Data? query. The LCD returns the


Data Sure? confirmation prompt. To proceed, press [ENTER].

If you do not want to proceed, press [EXIT] to return to the UTILITY menu.
If you attempt to initialize while a bank or song is locked, the LCD briefly displays the Locked
Data! message, then returns you to the UTILITY menu.

2. The SU10 displays the Keep

PwrOn message and begins deletion. Do not


switch off the power while this message is on the screen. When execution is
finished, the LCD displays the Complete message, then returns the UTILITY
menu.

Deleting data and resetting the system [Init All?]


Purpose
Deletes all samples and all songs, and returns all system settings to their defaults
(see below).
Procedure

1. Move to the Init

All? query and press [ENTER]. The LCD returns the All
Sure? confirmation prompt. Press [ENTER] to proceed.

If you do not want to proceed, press [EXIT] to return to the UTILITY menu.
If you attempt to initialize while a bank or song is locked, the LCD displays the Locked Data!
message, then returns you to the UTILITY menu.

2. The SU10 displays the Keep

PwrOn message and begins the operation. Do


not switch off power while this message is on the screen. When initialization
is finished, the SU10 displays the Complete message, then returns you to the
UTILITY menu.

UTILITY Mode

65

System default values are as follows.


Gain
= 1
Grade
= Long
Pitch
= 0%
Format
= Stereo
Input Source
= Line
Recording Trigger
= Manual
Default Loop Mode = Whole Loop
MIDI Channel
= 1
Device Number
= 1
Local Control
= On
Ribbon No.
= Off
MIDI Note Table
= Pad A1:MIDI C1, Pad A2:MIDI C#1, ..., PAD
D12:MIDI B4
Bulk Interval
= Short
Locks
= All off
Volume
= 8

66

UTILITY Mode

10

Troubleshooting

This chapter offers some simple advice that may help you solve problems you
experience with your SU10. If the SU10 does not seem to operate properly and
the information in this chapter does not help, please consult your Yamaha dealer
or one of the Yamaha distributors listed at the back of this manual for assistance.
Problem

Possible Cause

PLAY
Cannot play demos

You may have erased them. Unless you have stored


them to an external device via MIDI dump, they
are gone forever. But it is easy enough to create
your own samples and songs.

No sound

Check the LINE OUT connection. Is the SU10 correctly connected to external powered speakers or
amp? Are the external speakers/amp switched on?
Check the volume settings.
(a) Check samples internally set volume (EDIT
mode; see page 44).
(b) Check the digital volume. Try pressing [+1] to
increase the level.
(c) Try adjusting the volume slider.
(d) Check the volume setting on your speakers or
amp.
Are batteries or adaptor correctly connected? You
must use six AA batteries, or a PA-3B or PA-1B
adaptor.
Are batteries fresh? Try again with new batteries
(alkaline batteries recommended), or check operation using a power adaptor.
Check the Local setting in the MIDI utility. Pads
do not operate if this setting is Off. ( page 57)
Are you sure the selected pad contains sample
data?
Check the samples loop mode, and the start-point,
loop-point, and end-point settings.
Are you sure the bank selection is correct? Try
playing from a different bank.
If using FILTER or EXTERNAL FILTER: Try changing
the cutoff frequency. Certain cutoff frequencies
may cause all sound to go off.
If using CROSSFADER or EXTERNAL mode: Check
that the Input recording parameter matches the
actual input source. ( page 56)
Troubleshooting

67

Problem

Possible Cause

Sound is distorted

Is replay volume exceeding the clip level? Try


pressing [1] to lower the digital volume. Note that
reducing the level with the volume slider will not
correct this problem. Clipping is most likely to occur when you play many pads together, or when
you change filter settings.
Volume may have exceeded clip level at time of
recording. ( page 33)
Use of resonance during FILTER play may sometimes cause distortion. Try reducing the resonance
level.
Batteries may be low. Replace batteries or connect a PA-3B or PA-1B power adaptor.

Cant play samples together

Polyphony may be too low. Use of HI grade or


SCALE, SCRATCH, FILTER, or other special play
features causes polyphony to drop. Remember also
that a stereo sample counts as two sounds. ( page
26)
Check samples alternate-group settings. Samples
in the same group cannot play together. ( page
44)

Change Grd! message


appears.

Certain play features are not available while sampling grade is set to HI or STD. You can correct the
problem by going to the Rec utility and changing
the Grade setting accordingly. ( page 26)

SONGS
Song content has
changed.

68

Troubleshooting

A song is a recorded sequence of pad play. Editing, deletion, or replacement of samples used by
the song will cause a change in the song sound.
( page 37)
Song sound may vary according to the point from
which song is started. See page 28 and 37 for advice about song playback and recording.
Song play is subject to the same polyphony restrictions as pad play. Using special play features
(SCALE, SCRATCH, etc.) or combining pad play
with song play may cause sounds to drop out.

Problem

Possible Cause

RECORDING
Cannot record.

Is LINE IN or MIC INPUT connected correctly?


Have you selected the correct input source? The
selected source (displayed on third line of the LCD)
must match the actual source either microphone
or line. If necessary, go to RECORDING or UTILITY mode and change the Input recording parameter (see page 34 or 56).

Recording begins too


soon or too late.

The Recording Trigger (RecTrg) setting may be


inappropriate. Check, and adjust as necessary.
(RecTrg is a recording parameter and can be set
from either REC or UTIL mode. See page 34 or 56.)

Available recording time


is too low.

You can increase recording in any of the following ways.


Reduce the sampling grade. ( page 33.)
Set Pitch lower. ( page 34)
Use mono recording instead of stereo. ( page
34)
Compact all pads. ( page 52)
Delete one or more pads. ( page 53 or 64)

MIDI
SU10 cannot drive (or
be driven by) an external device.

Check that the MIDI channel setting on the SU10


and the external device match. ( page 56)
Check the MIDI Note Number settings.
(a) If you have cleared the Note Table, all note number settings have been deleted. You must reassign note numbers to enable pads to drive and
be driven. ( pages 45, 57).
(b) Check that note number assignments correspond to notes assignments on the external device.
(c) Remember that note numbers are different during SCALE play. ( page 20)

Cannot receive bulk


dump.

Check the MIDI Device No. setting (the DevNum


parameter in the MIDI utility). ( page 56)
If the LCD displays the message Wrong Data!:
There is a problem with the data at the sending
side. Bulk receive is impossible in this case.

Cannot send MSDS


sample dump.

Check that the receiving side is correctly set up,


and has sufficient memory to receive the data.

Cannot receive MSDS


sample dump.

The SU10 does not support reception of MSDS


sample dumps.
Troubleshooting

69

70

Problem

Possible Cause

MIDI input does not


drive SU10 sound as expected.

Check sounding-mode (SdMode) settings for each


sample. ( page 43.)
Check the MIDI Note Number settings.

Troubleshooting

11

Error and Warning


Messages

This section describes the causes and responses for each of the SU10 error and
warning message.

Warning messages
Locked Data!
Locked Bank!
Locked Song!
[Cause]
You attempted to execute an operation that would delete data from a protected area.
[Response]
You can switch off locks using the LOCK utility. (See page 64.)
Be careful to avoid accidental deletion of data.
Change Grd! (Change Grade)
[Cause]
You attempted to select a PLAY feature that is not available at the currently
selected sampling grade.
[Response]
Go to the Recording Setup utility and reduce the Grade setting.
Memory Full!
[Cause]
Song/sample memory became full during recording of a sample or song. (All
data recorded prior to the appearance of this message remains registered in
memory.)
[Response]
If you need to record a longer sample, try deleting or compacting existing
samples, and/or reducing the sampling grade or pitch.
If you need to record a longer song, you can increase available memory by
deleting one or more existing songs.
Battry Low!
[Cause]
Batteries are low.
[Response]
Replace the batteries.

Error and Warning Messages

71

MIDI Errors
Time Out!
[Cause]
Data flow stopped during reception of bulk dump, so the SU10 terminated
the operation. All internal pad and song data are now lost.
[Response]
Try the dump again. If this fails, reinitialize the entire system (go to the INIT
utility and execute Init All).
Buffer Full!
[Cause]
MIDI input buffer became full: the amount of incoming MIDI data exceeded
the SU10s processing capacity.
[Response]
Reduce the amount of MIDI data being sent to the SU10.
DevNum Off!
[Cause]
Attempted to receive bulk-dump with SU10s DevNum parameter set to Off.
[Response]
To enable bulk-dump reception, set the SU10s device number (DevNum
parameter, in the MIDI utility) either to All or else to match the device
number of the sending device.
Wrong Data!
[Cause]
The SU10 received an unrecognizable MIDI System Exclusive message.
[Response]
Check the machine type and data at the sending side.
ChkSum Err!
[Cause]
The received bulk-dump data failed checksum test.
[Response]
Check the machine type and data at the sending side.
MIDI Err1!
[Cause]
Overrun error occurred during MIDI reception.
[Response]
Check the settings at both sides. Check that cables are correctly attached.

72

Error and Warning Messages

MIDI Err2!
[Cause]
A framing error during MIDI reception
[Response]
Check the settings at both sides. Check that cables are correctly attached.

Memory-Related Errors
Bad Data!
[Cause]
The SU10 detected a problem with internal data at time of power-on. This
problem can occur if you switch the power off while a memory-write is in
progress.
[Response]
The SU10 does its best to repair the problem, but it is possible that you will
lose some songs or samples. If you find that the data loss is considerable, you
should clear all remaining data and reinitialize the system (go to the INIT
utility and execute Init All).

Error and Warning Messages

73

12

Specifications

1. Main Specifications
Features
Compact low-cost sampling module. (Same size as VHS cassette)
Special playback features unprecedented for this price range: REVERSE, SCALE,
PITCH, others.
Touch-driven ribbon controller controls any one of various effects; excellent for
realtime performance applications.
Custom LCD indicates full status information (sampling grade, current song,
selected input source, and much more).
Maximum polyphony

4 samples (monaural)

Maximum number of samples

48

Play modes

Sampler, Realtime Scratch,


Realtime Filter

Special effects

Low-pass, band-pass, and high-pass filters (all


with resonance); crossfade; pitch

Songs

Records up to 4 songs. (Each song is a recorded


sequence of pad and button operations.)

Interfaces

MIDI IN, MIDI OUT: Connects to MIDI sequencer, MIDI keyboard, etc.
Can dump individual sample(s) in MSDS (MIDI
Sample Dump Standard) format to supporting
RAM-equipped devices (synthesizer, sampler,
computer, etc.)
LINE IN accepts input from CD player or other
audio device.
MIC INPUT accepts input from dynamic microphone or powered condenser microphone.

Demo songs

1 demo song is included.

2. Memory capacity

74

Wave (sample) memory

384KB (Can record up to about 53 seconds of


monaural sound at Extra Long sampling grade.)

Song memory

8KB (Approx. 1000 events)

Specifications

3. Display
LCD

Custom LCD

4. Panel
12 pads
Ribbon controller
[HOLD], [REV], [SHIFT], [EXIT], [SCRATCH], [BANK],[ENTER], [+1], [1], [<], [>], [REC],
[TOP], [BWD], [STOP], [PLAY], [FWD]
Volume slider (for output volume)
Power switch

5. Connectors
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
HEADPHONES (stereo mini jack)
LINE OUT L/R (stereo mini jack)
LINE IN L/R (stereo mini jack)
MIC IN L/R (stereo mini jack)
DC IN

6. Output level (Full-scale level)


LINE OUT

+3.8dbm (typ) (10k)

PHONES

4.0dbm (typ) (33)

7. Input level
LINE
MIC

+15.0dbm (typ)
31.8dbm (typ)

8. Power
AC adaptor (PA-1B or PA-3B)
Batteries (six 1.5V AA, R6P or SUM-3)

Specifications

75

9. Dimensions (W D H)
168 104 32.2 (mm) [6.61 4.09 1.27 (inches)]

10. Weight
0.4kg (0.88lb.)

11. Included accessories


Owners manual (this manual)
Two sample CDs
(Demo music features samples from Time+Space sample CDs. See the enclosed
Yamaha Soundshow CD for more information.)

76

Specifications

[ Sampling Unit ]
Date:25-OCT-1995
Model SU10 MIDI Implementation Chart
Version : 1.0
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
|
| Transmitted
|
Recognized
|
Remarks
|
|
Function ... |
|
|
|
|-------------------+----------------+----------------+----------------|
|Basic
Default
| 1 - 16
| 1 - 16
| Memorized
|
|Channel Changed
| 1 - 16
| 1 - 16
|
|
|-------------------+----------------+----------------+----------------|
|
Default
| x
| Mode 3
|
|
|Mode
Messages | x
| x
|
|
|
Altered
| ************** | x
|
|
|-------------------+----------------+----------------+----------------|
|Note
| 0 - 127
| 0 - 127
|
|
|Number : True voice| ************** | 0 - 127
|
|
|-------------------+----------------+----------------+----------------|
|Velocity Note ON
| o 9nH,v=127
| o v=1-127
|
|
|
Note OFF | x 9nH,v=0
| x
|
|
|-------------------+----------------+----------------+----------------|
|After
Key's
| x
| x
|
|
|Touch
Ch's
| x
| x
|
|
|-------------------+----------------+----------------+----------------|
|Pitch Bender
| o
*1| x
|7 bit resolution|
|-------------------+----------------+----------------+----------------|
|
7 | x
| o
|Volume
|
|
0-120 | o Assignable *1| x
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
| Control
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
| Change
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|-------------------+----------------+----------------+----------------|
|Prog
| x
| o 0 - 1
|
|
|Change : True #
| ************** |
|
|
|-------------------+----------------+----------------+----------------|
|System Exclusive
| o
| o
|
|
|-------------------+----------------+----------------+----------------|
|System : Song Pos. | x
| x
|
|
|
: Song Sel. | x
| x
|
|
|Common : Tune
| x
| x
|
|
|-------------------+----------------+----------------+----------------|
|System
:Clock
| x
| x
|
|
|Real Time :Commands| x
| x
|
|
|-------------------+----------------+----------------+----------------|
|Aux :Local ON/OFF | x
| x
|
|
|
:All Notes OFF| x
| x
|
|
|Mes- :Active Sense | x
| x
|
|
|sages:Reset
| x
| x
|
|
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
|Notes: *1 ; transmit if switch is on.
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
Mode 1 : OMNI ON, POLY
Mode 2 : OMNI ON, MONO
o : Yes
Mode 3 : OMNI OFF, POLY
Mode 4 : OMNI OFF, MONO
x : No

YAMAHA

Index
A

AC adaptor ................................... 13
AltGrp .......................................... 44

FILTER .......................................... 22
Filter type ..................................... 22
Flat ............................................... 24
Format ......................................... 34
FWD key ........................................ 8

B
Backup ......................................... 60
Bank .............................................. 5
BANK key ...................................... 9
Battery ......................................... 13
BPF .............................................. 24
Bulk Dump .................................. 58
Receiving ................................. 59
Sending .................................... 60
BWD .............................................. 8

C
Compact ...................................... 52
Copy ............................................ 48
CROSSFADER .............................. 25
Cursor ............................................ 9

D
DC IN .......................................... 10
Defalt ........................................... 34
Delete .......................................... 53
Demo Song .................................. 27
Dump Rcv .................................... 59
Dump Send .................................. 60

E
EDIT ............................................. 39
EDIT mode ................................... 39
EdPnt ........................................... 47
ENTER ............................................ 9
EXIT ............................................... 9
EXLG ............................................ 33
EXTERNAL FILTER ........................ 30
EXTERNAL SCRATCH ................... 29

80

Index

G
Gain ............................................. 33
Grade ........................................... 33

H
Headphones ................................. 11
HI ................................................ 33
HPF .............................................. 24
HOLD .......................................... 18
HOLD key ..................................... 8

I
Init ............................................... 64
Input ............................................ 34
Intrvl ............................................ 60

L
LCD ............................................... 7
Line .............................................. 34
LINE INPUT ................................. 10
LINE OUTPUT ............................. 10
Local Control ............................... 57
Lock ............................................. 64
LONG .......................................... 33
Loop ............................................ 41
Loop Mode .................................. 41
LPF ............................................... 24
LpPnt ........................................... 47

Mic .............................................. 34
MIC INPUT .................................. 10
MIDI .............................................. 6
MIDI channel ............................... 56
MIDI device number .................... 56
MIDI note number ........................ 45
MIDI note table ............................ 57
Mnual .......................................... 34
Mono ........................................... 34
Move ........................................... 49

Oshot ........................................... 41

Sample ........................................... 4
Sample Dump .............................. 62
Sample Playback .......................... 17
SCALE .......................................... 19
SCRATCH ....................................... 9
SHIFT ............................................. 9
Song ............................................... 6
Song Creating ............................... 35
Song Deletion .............................. 63
Song Play ..................................... 27
Sounding Mode ............................ 43
Split ............................................. 50
STD .............................................. 33
Stereo ........................................... 34
STOP .............................................. 8
StPnt ............................................ 46
Strng ............................................ 24

N
Note ............................................. 43

Pad ................................................ 5
PadVol ......................................... 44
PITCH .......................................... 21
Pitch ............................................ 34
PLAY key ........................................ 8
PLAY mode .................................. 16
Ploop ........................................... 42
Polyphony .................................... 26
POWER ........................................ 13
POWER switch ............................. 10

Tempo .......................................... 46
Toggl ............................................ 43
TOP ............................................... 8
Trggr ............................................. 43

U
UTILITY mode .............................. 54

V
Volume slider ............................... 11

R
REC key ......................................... 8
Recording .................................... 32
RecTrg .......................................... 34
Resnce ......................................... 23
REV key ......................................... 9
Reverse ........................................ 19
Ribbon controller ........................... 7
Ribbon Number ........................... 57
Rloop ........................................... 42
Rshot ............................................ 42

W
Weak ........................................... 24
Wloop .......................................... 41

Index

81

For details of products, please contact your


nearest Yamaha or the authorized distributor
listed below.

Die Einzelheiten zu Produkten sind bei Ihrer


unten aufgefhrten Niederlassung und bei
Yamaha Vertragshndlern in den jeweiligen
Bestimmungslndern erhltlich.

Pour plus de dtails sur les produits, veuillezvous adresser Yamaha ou au distributeur le
plus proche de vous figurant dans la liste suivante.

Para detalles sobre productos, contacte su tienda Yamaha ms cercana o el distribuidor autorizado que se lista debajo.

NORTH AMERICA
CANADA
Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
135 Milner Avenue, Scarborough, Ontario,
M1S 3R1, Canada
Tel: 416-298-1311

U.S.A.
Yamaha Corporation of America
6600 Orangethorpe Ave., Buena Park, Calif. 90620,
U.S.A.
Tel: 714-522-9011

MIDDLE & SOUTH AMERICA


MEXICO
Yamaha De Mexico S.A. De C.V.,
Departamento de ventas
Javier Rojo Gomez No.1149, Col. Gpe Del
Moral, Deleg. Iztapalapa, 09300 Mexico, D.F.
Tel: 686-00-33

BRASIL
Yamaha Musical Do Brasil LTDA.
Ave. Reboucas 2636, So Paulo, Brasil
Tel: 011-853-1377

PANAMA
Yamaha De Panama S.A.
Edificio Interseco, Calle Elvira Mendez no.10,
Piso 3, Oficina #105, Ciudad de Panama, Panama
Tel: 507-69-5311

OTHER LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES


AND CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Music Latin America Corp.
6101 Blue Lagoon Drive, Miami, Florida 33126,
U.S.A.
Tel: 305-261-4111

EUROPE
THE UNITED KINGDOM
Yamaha-Kemble Music (U.K.) Ltd.
Sherbourne Drive, Tilbrook, Milton Keynes,
MK7 8BL, England
Tel: 01908-366700

IRELAND
Danfay Ltd.
61D, Sallynoggin Road, Dun Laoghaire, Co. Dublin
Tel: 01-2859177

GERMANY/SWITZERLAND
Yamaha Europa GmbH.
Siemensstrae 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, F.R. of
Germany
Tel: 04101-3030

AUSTRIA/HUNGARY/SLOVENIA/
ROMANIA/BULGARIA
Yamaha Music Austria Ges m b H.
Schleiergasse 20, A-1100 Wien Austria
Tel: 0222-60203900

THE NETHERLANDS
Yamaha Music Benelux B.V.,
Verkoop Administratie
Kanaalweg 18G, 3526KL, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Tel: 030-828411

BELGIUM/LUXEMBOURG
Yamaha Music Benelux B.V.,
Brussels-office
Keiberg Imperiastraat 8, 1930 Zaventem, Belgium
Tel: 02-7258220

FRANCE
Yamaha Musique France,
Division Professionnelle
BP 70-77312 Marne-la-Vale Cedex 2, France
Tel: 01-64-61-4000

ITALY
Yamaha Musica Italia S.P.A.,
Combo Division
Viale Italia 88, 20020 Lainate (Milano), Italy
Tel: 02-935-771

SPAIN
Yamaha-Hazen Electronica Musical, S.A.
Jorge Juan 30, 28001, Madrid, Spain
Tel: 91-577-7270

PORTUGAL
Valentim de Carvalho CI SA
Estrada de Porto Salvo, Pao de Arcos 2780 Oeiras,
Portugal
Tel: 01-443-3398/4030/1823

GREECE
Philippe Nakas S.A.
Navarinou Street 13, P.Code 10680, Athens, Greece
Tel: 01-364-7111

SWEDEN
Yamaha Scandinavia AB
J. A. Wettergrens Gata 1
Box 30053
S-400 43 Gteborg, Sweden
Tel: 031 89 34 00

DENMARK

KOREA

YS Copenhagen Liaison Office


Generatorvej 8B
DK-2730 Herlev, Denmark
Tel: 44 92 49 00

Cosmos Corporation
#131-31, Neung-Dong, Sungdong-Ku, Seoul
Korea
Tel: 02-466-0021~5

FINLAND

MALAYSIA

Warner Music Finland OY/Fazer Music


Aleksanterinkatu 11, P.O. Box 260
SF-00101 Helsinki, Finland
Tel: 0435 011

NORWAY

PHILIPPINES

Narud Yamaha AS
Grini Nringspark 17
N-1345 sters, Norway
Tel: 67 14 47 90

Yupangco Music Corporation


339 Gil J. Puyat Avenue, P.O. Box 885 MCPO,
Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines
Tel: 819-7551

ICELAND

SINGAPORE

Skifan HF
Skeifan 17 P.O. Box 8120
IS-128 Reykjavik, Iceland
Tel: 525 5000

Yamaha Music Asia Pte., Ltd.


Blk 17A Toa Payoh #01-190 Lorong 7
Singapore 1231
Tel: 354-0133

EAST EUROPEAN COUNTRIES


(Except HUNGARY)

TAIWAN

Yamaha Europa GmbH.


Siemensstrae 22-34, D-2084 Rellingen, F.R. of
Germany
Tel: 04101-3030

AFRICA
Yamaha Corporation,
International Marketing Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430
Tel: 053-460-2312

MIDDLE EAST
TURKEY/CYPRUS
Yamaha Musique France, Division Export
BP 70-77312 Marne-la-Vale Cedex 2, France
Tel: 01-64-61-4000

OTHER COUNTRIES
Yamaha Corporation,
International Marketing Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430
Tel: 053-460-2312

ASIA
Tom Lee Music Co., Ltd.
11/F., Silvercord Tower 1, 30 Canton Road,
Tsimshatsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Tel: 730-1098

INDONESIA
PT. Yamaha Music Indonesia (Distributor)
PT. Nusantik
Gedung Yamaha Music Center, Jalan Jend. Gatot
Subroto Kav. 4, Jakarta 12930, Indonesia
Tel: 21-520-2577

HEAD OFFICE

Kung Hsue She Trading Co., Ltd.


No. 322, Section 1, Fu Hsing S. Road,
Taipei 106, Taiwan. R.O.C.
Tel: 02-709-1266

THAILAND
Siam Music Yamaha Co., Ltd.
865 Phornprapha Building, Rama I Road,
Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Tel: 2-215-3443

THE PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF CHINA


AND OTHER ASIAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Corporation,
International Marketing Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430
Tel: 053-460-2317

OCEANIA
AUSTRALIA
Yamaha Music Australia Pty. Ltd.
17-33 Market Street, South Melbourne, Vic. 3205,
Australia
Tel: 3-699-2388

NEW ZEALAND

HONG KONG

SY09

Yamaha Music Malaysia, Sdn., Bhd.


16-28, Jalan SS 2/72, Petaling Jaya, Selangor,
Malaysia
Tel: 3-717-8977

Music Houses of N.Z. Ltd.


146/148 Captain Springs Road, Te Papapa,
Auckland, New Zealand
Tel: 9-634-0099

COUNTRIES AND TRUST


TERRITORIES IN PACIFIC OCEAN
Yamaha Corporation,
International Marketing Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430
Tel: 053-460-2317

Yamaha Corporation, Electronic Musical Instrument Division


Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430
Tel: 053-460-2445

Owners Manual

M.D.G., EMI Division, Yamaha Corporation 1995


VU37290 601CRIT15.2-02B0
Printed in Japan