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CHEMICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY JOURNAL

Experiment No. 5
Date & Time Started:

Date & Time Finished:

Group No.: 7
Supervisor/Instructor: Engr. Juvyneil E. Cartel

REACTION KINETICS EXPERIMENT USING TUBULAR FLOW REACTOR


OBJECTIVES:
1. To determine the degree of conversion of the reactants mixed in a flask
at certain time.
2. To determine the degree of conversion of the reactants for a given set
of conditions of the tubular reactor.
MATERIALS, EQUIPMENT & APPARATUS:
Materials:
o 250 mL standardized 0.1 M EtOAc very volatile and flammable
liquid that will be used as working reactant
o 40 g solid caustic soda chemical used to produce NaOH solution
o 99 mL pure ethyl acetate working reactant
o 250 mL standardized 0.1 M NaOH used as titrant
o Phenolphathalein indicator to be used in titration
o 100 mL 0.1 M HCl used as quencher for NaOH and EtOAc
solution
o 20 L distilled water used for preparing solutions
Equipment:
o Tubular Flow Reactor used for the conversion reaction
o Timer used for time
Apparatus:
o 1 L glass flask and stopper containment of the working
reactants (solutions)
o 2-10 mL pipette used for titration
1

o 2-50 mL burette used for titration


o 2 pcs titration flask used for titration
METHODOLOGY:
Experimental Design: The basis of this experiment is the mole
balance equation. In which, the volume and the rate of the reaction
are held constant all throughout the reaction process.
Reaction in a Flask

2. of
After
say 1 hourof
of0.1
mixing,
takein10
sample
and place
in the filtration
standardized 0.1 M NaOH and 250 mL
standardized
M EtOAc
1 mL
L flask
and secure
stopper.
c

4. Titrate this mixture with 0.1 M NaOH


until end
is reach.
Note
volume
3. Quench
this point
sample
with 10
mL of
0.1 Mused.
HCl then add phenolphthalein ind

Reaction in a Tubular Reactor

way
from and
naked
lights.soda
For a
similaris0.1
M solution
the amount
of EtOAc
needed
is (molecular
weight
x 10up
liters
s of solid
caustic
needed
(molecular
weight
x 0.1 x10)
= 40 g
in 10 liters
. Make this
solution
wea
c

Activity Flow:
2


cribe the commissioning
Switch on bothsection
pumps.ofAdjust
this manual
flow rates
andto
allow
0.10the
liters/min
temperature
for each
of the
feedreactor
and check
to reach
that 30C
the product
with the
d

inlet20-30
tank minutes
and analyze
forthe
caustic
soda
Repeat
sampling
analyze
to ensure
steady
state
con
fter
when
reactor
hasconcentration.
reached a steady
state
note theand
following
readings.
Flow
rates
of NaOH

Information Flow Diagram:

Plot Xa vs t
and Ca vs t

NOMENCLATURE:
t

= time required for the conversion to take place

ra

= reaction rate

= volume of the reactants

Na
Na0
X

= final concentration of the reactants


= initial concentration of the reactants
= degree of conversion

SCHEDULING OF TASKS:
o Morbos conducts reaction in a flask
o Ymas conducts reaction in a tubular reactor
o Gepiga conducts reaction in a tubular reactor
o Orevillo - conducts reaction in a flask
Experimental Raw Data

Trial 1
sampl
e
1
2
3
4
Trial 2
sampl
e
1
2
3
4
Trial 3

30 NaOH; 30 EtOAC

t
5
10
15
20

Vi
49
45.8
42.6
39.5

Vf
45.8
42.6
39.5
36.8

V
3.2
3.2
3.1
2.7

50 NaOH; 30 EtOAC

t
5
10
15
20

Vi
36.8
34.3
31.8
29.8

Vf
34.3
31.8
29.8
27.9

V
2.5
2.5
2
1.9

30 NaOH; 30 EtOAC
4

sampl
e
1
2
3
4

t
5
10
15
20

Vi
27.9
25.3
22.7
20

Vf
25.3
22.7
20
17.4

V
2.6
2.6
2.7
2.6

Processed Data