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MAKING OF

ANTIBUBBLES

MATERIAL
- A CUP
- DISH SOAP
- PIPETTE
- SYRINGE
- FOOD COLOURING
--EXTRAS-- SALT
- HONEY

--FIRST HYPOTHESIS-I think by using syringe the


anti-bubbles made will be
more stable since of its small
and concentrated opening
thus making the water
pushed out will be wrapped
with thin layers of air
membrane better compared
to pipette.

--SECOND HYPOTHESIS-By inspection I can probably


say that by adding food
colouring it will increase the

lifespan of an anti-bubbles,
most likely because of the
chemicals contained in it.

1. QUESTION :::
Does using pipette or syringe
will increase the stability of an
anti-bubbles?

2. QUESTION :::

Does food colouring affect the


lifespan of an anti-bubbles or
a normal water can last
longer?

CONCLUSION
_
I can conclude on the first
experiment that I was wrong by
saying syringe would make more
stable anti-bubbles, because of the
real small opening, water pushed out
is really concentrated and too much
force exerted (even by slowly
pressing) resulting to have like a
sprayer shape instead of droplets.

On the other hand, pipette used has


a bigger opening making antibubbles more stable .

2.CONCLUSIO
N_

For the second experiment ,


adding food colouring did increase
the lifespan probably because of
its component; I believe it is
propylene glycol. Not really sure
why it affects the lifespan ,could
be the antifreeze properties or
even the compound C3H8O2.
Further studies could be made on
how exactly it affect the lifespan
or by adding other chemicals.

SUMMARY FOR THIS


EXPERIMENT
This project shows how
different substance ,
equipment affect the stability
of an Anti-Bubbles.

WHAT IS GOING ON
INSIDE?

- A bubble - air surrounded by a thin


film of water in air. The film is
stabilised with detergent molecules
- An anti-bubble - water surrounded by
a thin film of air in water. Again the
film is stabilised with detergent
molecules.
*Both types of bubble are highly
unstable in pure water because
water molecules attract one another

very strongly and try to minimise the


surface area of the liquid. Detergent
molecules have one end which is
very attracted to water and a long
oily tail which is repelled by it, so
they cover the surface of the bubble
stabilising it.

__EXTRAS__
ANTI-BUBBLES
>By adding salt to the solution,
density of the water will increase
resulting it to weigh down the antibubbles winning the density of the
air membrane . So it will sink down
an remain below .
>By putting honey , it will fall to the
floor of the glass acting as
CUSHION for the anti-bubbles
because of its soft layer thus
making anti-bubbles will not
explode upon hitting the floor.

PROCEDURE of
making ANTIBUBBLES
The procedure is quite easy by using
simple equipment and method

I. Prepare water in a beaker (making


sure no studs or dust on the
surface)
II. Add little dish soap to the water
and mix well .
III. Use pipette to collect the mixture.
IV. On a slanted position above the
water, apply some pressure on the
pipette so the water pushed out
can gain force to breakthrough the
surface of the water and go inside
wrapped by thin air membrane.
V. a) For the first experiment , repeat
the step I-IV once for pipette and

syringe count the bubbles made


within 60 seconds.
b) Record the data in your table.
VI. a) For second experiment, make
about 2-3 anti-bubbles and record
their lifespan.
b) Add some food colouring in the
mixture in a different beaker, make
some anti bubbles using the
coloured mixture and record their
lifespan.
VII. Analyse those data and produce
result.

Discussions
Many possible studies could be
made from this experiment. Most
will be amazed but once
understood why bother about antibubbles ?
Science behind this anti-bubbles
are amazing
Such as Surface Tension is taking
place, inner molecular force,
refraction is also taking place if
light is shine toward it because it is
a water droplet but not an air space
.

Biggest challenge is to make a


stabilized anti bubbles that last
long; thus if achieved many
undiscovered potential uses can be
used.
But something tick my head off;
what exactly hold those air
membrane together?
It could be electro-static force or
even attraction of electrons.

RESEArch

First experiment
Using pipette produce 25 antibubbles while using syringe only 4
Second experiment
making it 16% of 100. The increase of
Firstly using normal water to record
using pipette is 84% showing clearly
an anti-bubbles lifespan;
that pipette has more significance in
1)
10 secs
making anti-bubbles
2)
9 secs
3)
14 sec
Now using food colouring :1)
29secs
2)
32 secs
3)
43secs

Clearly , the research above shows


that by adding food colouring it
increase the lifespan of an anti
bubble. We could say that without
FC its lifespan is 10-15 secs but
with FC its 30 to about 40 secs
;increasing their lifespan by 62.5%

My experiment there is a high


chances of failing so I tried making
the results as reliable and conduct 3
times and more. The numbers
above is approximated because
making an anti-bubbles is so quick
and destroying is the same.