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Electrical new- August & September attempt (kindly

correct the options or questions if incomplete and add


any questions left)
1. If in a motor reactive coil is placed then what is the advantage?
same as capacitor used in single phase motor for phase lagging
2. If
a
b
c
d

thyristor is used in place of starter (mcq)


Cost decreases
Space decreases
As load increases frequency increases uniformly
Maintenance decreases

3. If fuse is placed in parallel with SCR circuit then? TO PROTECT THE SCR
FROM SHORT CIRCUIT
SURE

4.

If in a circuit direction of magnetic lines of force becomes opposite then?


DIRECT CURRENT CHANGES
SURE

5. In relation to Electric motor stator which statement is true?


6. For incoming generator which of the statements are true?
SURE
a If Incoming generator voltage is increased then it will have motoring
effect.
b If voltage is decreased then it will cause black out.
c If frequency do not match then it will run slowly.
d If frequency do not match then will run fast.
7. Pure inductive power is called
a Reactive power
b True power
c Set power
8. Zener diode is used as
a Voltage regulator
b Rectifier

SURE

SURE

9. How with the help of pressure electrical signal is converted


DOUBT
i
Transducer
ii
Tuctile sensor
iii
Reactor
iv
Dont remember
a Only i
b I & ii
c Only iv
d Ii & iv

10.Which statement is true in relation to AUTO TRANSFORMER? (mcq)


SURE
a More effective than conventional transformer
b Any fractional voltage can be applied
c Can be used both for A.C and D.C
d Less excitation needed.
e LOW COST
f SMALL SIZE
11.For a turbo electric propulsion generator which can be fitted?
SURE
a Co2 system
b Moisture something
c Stator winding temperature sensor
d All
12.Class B AMPLIFIER advantage?
a Very low standing bias current.
b Negligible power consumption without signal.
c More efficient than Class A.
d Can be used for much more powerful outputs than class A

SURE

13.Regenerative breaking of motor? (mcq)


DOUBT
a If motor stops then we shut off the power.
b It converts kinetic energy back to chemical energy.
c Spring break
d Current direction changes then it rotation direction changes.
14.How is natural cooling of transformer done?

SURE

according to mitra sir


a
b
c
d

Air blast
Oil cooling
Water cooling
None

15.Atoms are bonded by?


a
b
c
d

SURE

Valence electrons
Neutron
Proton
Not known

16.Which statement is true for OVERCURRENT TRIP and FUSE?


SURE
a
b

Overcurrent trip acts on overload & fuse blows before that?


Not known

17.If ni-cd battery fully discharges then? Ans- ni(oh)2 forms on plates
18.If in a grounded neutral system, a wire touches hull then? Ans- short
circuit
19.A-AMPLIFIER power can be increased how? Ans-transformer coil added
20.If
a
b
c
d

in an electromagnetic coil current is then its energy stored will be?

Twice
No change

21.For half wave rectifier ripple factor is? ( for full wave- 0.482)
SURE
a 1.41
b 1.21
c 131
d 1.51
22.In case of synchronization bulb status? Ans- 2bright ( connected in
different phase), 1 dark (same phase)
SURE

23.To satisfy amplification, transistor amplifier must satisfy? SURE


a Forward biasing of output circuit.
b Reverse biasing in input circuit.
c Operate at set point
d All
1. Which of the following are true for Thermistors (mcq
a
b
c
d
e

SURE

Thermistors are semiconductors devices


In a Positive temperature coefficient (PTC) thermistors, resistance
increases with temperature increase
ve temperature coefficient (NTC) thermistors, can be used as
replacement of fuse.
PTC thermistors can be used as resistance thermometers in low
temperature environments.
NTC thermistors are generally used for monitoring coolant and engine
lube oil temp in automobiles.

2.
a
b
c
d

Which trip is present in emergency generator? SURE


Over voltage trip
Under voltage trip
Over speed trip
None

a
b

NER- what is true for high voltage circuit?


To limit max load current
Neutral earth resonance

SURE

c
d

Main switchboard earthed


Not known

3. In Squirrel cage synchronous motor why squirrel cage is provided?


HUMMING, VIBRATION, DAMPER, SMOOTH STARTING
4.
a
b
c
d

Which of the following is not self-starting motor?


Squirrel cage motor
Synchronous motor
Induction motor
Split phase motor

SURE

5.
a
b
c
d

In capacitor, energy stored is? SURE


Potential energy
Electrostatic energy
Kinetic
Not known

6.
a
b
c
d

For t/c, leak current in P-N diode is produced by?


Heat energy
Chemical energy
Barrier potential
Not known

7.
a
b
c

Motor overhaul is to be done which statements are true?


Stator should be isolated
Tag on overall ship
Not known

8.
a
b
c
d

Electric motor stator- true statements? (mcq)


Generator used only with slip rings motors.
Freq. convertor can be used as startor.
Auto transformer act as rheostat stator..act as a reactor starter
Not known

SURE

9. Limit switch E/n throttle ---> limits pilot v/v moment


10.Squirrel cage used in synchronous motor for?
a Improving p.f
b Uniform balancing
c Just for starting
d Not known
11. wave rectifier efficiency? Ans- 40.6%
SURE

SURE

FULLL WAVE 81.2%

12.To prevent the race of DC series motor what arrangement should


make? SURE
a Always start at heavy load
b Use a strong series weak shunt compound DC motor
c Use a weak series strong shunt compound DC motor
d All

13.Current applied to lead acid battery would lead to


a Higher thermal voltage
b Lower terminal voltage high charging
c Increase generation of H2 gas
d Decrease in specific gravity of electrolyte

SURE

14.In an earth neutral system, an earth fault will occur only


a 1 fault in 1 line
b 2 fault in two line
c Two fault in 1 line
d Dont know
15. Which statement is true for any storage battery SURE
a Amp hr efficieny of alkaline battery is high than lead acid battery
b Watt hr efficiency of alkaline is more than lead acid battery
c Alkaline battery can left in any state of charge or discharge
d All
16.Which of the following is true about star delta starters (mcq)
SURE
a Popular bcoz relatively inexpensive
b Gives lower starting current than DOL
c Can only be used with induction motor delta connected in supply
voltage
d Typically used to start the motor with lower voltage

17.Which of the following are true for shipboard storage batteries?


SURE
a Construction should be so as to prevent emission of spray
b If voltage is above 200v insulation stands must be used
c The deck below the cells should be protected with acid resisting or
alkaline resisting materials
d Battery banks above 2 kw should be kept in battery room only
e Emgy batteries should never be stored in battery room
18. In common collector transistor collector amplifier voltage gain
a Cannot exceed unity
b Depends on output impedance
c Depends on output signal
d Always constant
19.Which statement is true for reactor starter for electrical motor
a Minimum reduction in starting torque available
b Starting current is limited in proportion to voltage
c Advantage is low cost
d Coil with iron core is connected in parallel with motor during
starting.it is connected in series

SURE

SURE

20.Which statement is true about any soft starters used in electrical motor
SURE
a Soft starters are based on semiconductors
b Used to control the stopping of motor
c Use of soft starters initially result in lower motor torque
d Soft starters progressively increase motor voltage which course torque
or current peak

21. Voltage generator by most AC generators is fed from the machine to


the bus by means of SURE
a Brushes on commutator
b Brushes on slip rings
c Slip rings on commutator
d Direct connection from stator
22.Which of the following are true about a temp measuring ckt employed
in in a data logger system
1 A Wheatstone bridge can be used in conjunction with a Wheatstone
bridge induction thermometer
2 Thermometer is energized using a constant current source and voltage
developed is measured in potentiometer type method
3 Inductance of thermometer will change with change in temp
a 1 only
b 2 only
c 1 & 2 only
d 1 & 3 only
e 2 & 3 only
data logger e all is fed against a reference value...so c data logger e hoyna

23.Dis advantage of ward Leonard system (mcq)


SURE
a Motor generator set requires lot of space
b Overall efficiency of the system is low especially when lightly loaded
c System operates in very narrow speed range
d Requires high maintenance
e Speed regulation is difficult to achieve as motor acceleration is uniform
f expensive
24. Which of the following are benefits of modifying ward Leonard control
system by replacing motor set with a thyristor speed controller SURE
a Enhanced speed regulation by making the motor acceleration uniform
b Increases efficiency of system especially lightly loaded
c Reduces the overall cost
d Reduces system maintenance
e Increases operating speed range of system
f Reduces overall space required
25.Arrange the following in correct sequence foe achieving correct KW
sharing when an AC generator is paralleled with live bus bar and
generator has some owe factor as others in system SURE
1 Synchronize the incoming generator in terms of voltage, frequency and
phase.

2
3
4
5

Trim voltage of the machine which has/ have lower load current to
increase excitation
Increase speed on incoming machine while lowering than that of others
connected to system
Adjust machine voltage to keep overall system efficiency ready.
Adjust the governor control switch on main switch board to increase
the fuel to its prime mover
a Adc
b Aebc
c Aecb
d Aec
e Adbc
f Acbd

26.which of the following is true for syncronoscope (mcq) SURE


a one of the coil in the armature is fed through a capacitor while other is
through resistance
b the coil produces a three phase rotating field
c the rotating armature has two coils windings perpendicular to each
other.
d The field produces by the coils rotates the magnetic armature pointer
at a speed relative to the frequency of the bus bar supply
e The coils produce a single phase rotating field.

Which of the following are


synchronization of Alternators?

TRUE

with

regards

to

incorrect

SURE
A.

B.

If incoming supply voltage is higher than that of bus bar, the


alternator will start drawing power from bus bar and start motoring.
If incoming supply voltage is lesser than that of bus bar, the
alternator will start drawing power from bus bar and start motoring.

If frequencies of bus bar and alternator don???t match, alternator will

D.

If frequencies of bus bar and alternator don???t match, alternator will


run on high frequency on synchronization.

E.

If voltages are not in phase and circuit breaker is closed, the phase
difference will cause overloading and potential black out.

If voltages are not in phase and circuit breaker is closed, the phase
difference will cause low current to flow from alternator and
alternator will run on low load.
F.

27.Motor having rheostat in motor circuit to vary speed in cell


a Squirrel cage motor
b Regenerating breaker motor
c Wound round induction motor
d Synchronous motor

28. An amplifier is said to suffer distortion when its output is


a Low
b Different from input
c Noisy
d Larger than is input

SURE

SURE

29.Which of the following is true with regard To bi metallic strip(mcq)


SURE

Generally used for temps sensing

During normal than higher than normal current, bimetal strip will bend

Used for voltage regulation

Used as thermal elements in over current protection relay

Used for power control

30.What happens when battery is excess charged?

SURE

A Electrolyte decreases
B Gassing increases
C Dont remember
D Dont remember

31.Emergency over speed trip SURE


a

Load increases

Test switch

Tachometer to increase .

Dont remember

73. Maxfullwave rectifier efficiency possible by two diodes from a


sinusoidal wave is
SURE
A. 80.2
B.82.1
C.81.2
D. None of the above

76. Which of the following is/are true of starters used for electric
motor(mcq) SURE
A. Rheostat starting can b only used with slip ring
B. Freequency converters cannot also be used as starters
C. Soft starters are based on semiconductors
.D.advantage of reactor start is their relative low cost

77. Common emitter amplifier is charectrized by


SURE

A. Low voltage gain


B.Moderate power gain

C.signal phase reversal


D,very high output impedence

78. The depletion region in semi conductor diode is due to

SURE

A. Reverse biasing
B, forward biasing
C.crystal doping
D.migration of mobile charge carriers

80.When steel components electroplated with chromium are used in a


corrosive Environment then
A. Chromium plating provides corrosion protection to the steel
components
B. Chromium plating cannot provide corrosion protection as steel will be
preferentially corroded
C. Zinc plating is to be used on top of chromium plating for corrosion
protection
D. Thickness of chromium plating is required to be increased for corrosion
protection

82.Which of the following does not change in a


transformer? SURE
1.Current
2.Voltage
3.Frequency.
83.Reversing any two of the three rotor leads on
induction motor will _____________. SURE
1.increase motor performance
2.decrease motor performance
3.reverse the motor
4.have no effect on the direction of rotation or motor
performance

84. Which of the following statements represents an application of a silicon


controlled rectifier? SURE
A. To provide DC power for a main propulsion motor.
B. For use as a voltage reference diode.
C. For sensing flame in an automated burner.
D. To eliminate power supply hum.

86 .Which of the following method used for biasing a BJT in integrated circuits is considered
independent of transistor beta? SURE
A. Fixed biasing
B. Voltage divider bias
C. Collector feedback bias
D. Base bias with collector feedback

90. The main use of a Class-C amplifier is SURE


A. as an RF amplifier
B. as stereo amplifier
C. in communication sound equipment
D. as distortion generator

92.Which of the following is/are necessary precaution(s) for paralleling an AC Generator with live
bus bars? SURE
I. Generator frequency should be close to but slightly lower than bus bar frequency
II. Generator voltage should be equal to bus bar voltage
III. Current in generator circuit should be less than bus bar current
IV. Generator voltage should be in phase with bus bar voltage

A. I, II, III and IV


B.I, II and IV
C. I, II and III
D. II and IV only

97.Which statement is true in relation to AUTO TRANSFORMER? (mcq) SURE


a. More effective than conventional transformer
b. Any fractional voltage can be applied
c. Can be used both for A.C and D.C
d. Less excitation needed.
e. Voltage regulation of autotransformer is much better
f. Its size is relatively very smaller.

Resistor and capacitor in series connected to a sine wave generator.capacitive reactance


and resistance same giving same voltage at both capacitor and resistor.if the frequency of
sine wave increases what is the effect SURE
A. voltage at capacitor increases and resistor decreases
B. voltage at resistor increases and capacitor decreases
C voltage remains same
D no effect

For a given line voltage, four heating coils will produce maximum heat when connected in

SURE

a. parallel
b. series
c. same heat in both the time
d. none of the above

ACB trips at what condition SURE


1 reverse current
2 short circuit
3overload
4 low voltage fault

1. Time delayed or delayed action-type fuses are designed to _____________. SURE


(A) prevent grounds in branch circuits
(B) prevent opens in motor circuits
(C) permit momentary overloads without melting
(D) guard lighting and electronic circuits

Q):- With regards to AVR which all statements are true? SURE ( MC GEORGE PG 46)
(A) A typical AVR circuit needs two zener diode ,two resistance ,one inductor, one capacitor ,one
transformer and one diode bridge.
(B) The function of the transformer in an AVR is to step down the AC supply coming from the generator
terminals and feed this supply to the LC circuit.
(C) The function of the LC circuit in an AVR is to convert the AC supply coming from the generator terminals
into a DC supply.
(D) Zener diodes are typically used as voltage reference in most modern AVR.
(E) The function of diode bridge is to rectify the signal coming from the LC circuit and apply this to the
reference bridge.
(F) The function of the LC circuit in an AVR is to smooth the signal coming from the diode bridge and apply
this to the reference bridge.

46. which of the following statement is false for lead acid battery. SURE
a. when discharge both positive and negative plate contain lead sulphate
b.when charged negative plate contain spongy lead
c.when charged positive plate lead per oxide
d.when discharge electrolyte undergoes no chemical reaction

which of the following prevents moisture condensation in a weatherdeck switch board SURE
1.installing light blub in pedestal stand
2.coat internal of switch box With epoxy sealed
3.venting the switchboard regularly.
4 using strip heater
a . 2 and 4
b. only 4
c. 1,2,3,4
d. 3 and 2

Battery storage SURE


a. Prevention of electrolyte spillage
b. Easy accessible from top for maintenance
c. But kept on wood or tray
d. Alkaline and lead acid battery are kept in a separate room
e. But banks more than 2kw kept in proper cover

Which of the following is true with regards to use regenerative braking in a reversible pole change
multispeed type AC induction motor? ( Multiple choice question) SURE MITRA SIR
a. Regenerative braking is used in conjunction with the friction pad
b. regenerative braking is used as four quardrant control
c. A motor in one direction can act as generator by reversing its direction through a controller
d. this method returns converts some of the kinetic energy back into chemical energy and feeds into the
power supply.
e. the power supply needs to be disconnected when motor comes to rest or the motor will turn in opposite
direction.

Transformer having laminated core? SURE


A.temp. reduce
B.reduce power factor
C.reduce eddy current
D.all of the obove

For faithful amplification, a transistor must : SURE


A. Input forward biased
B. Output reverse biased
C. Work in operating point
D. All of above

Class A amplifier coupled with transformer wat will be efficiency SURE


A)50
B)78.5
1. Which allow to equalise power factr of two alternatr SURE
A.govrnr
B.automatic voltage regulatr
C.syncroscope

15. When tow generators are running in parallel and field of one of them is weakened too much then it will
SURE
a) deliver large share of the total load
(b) deliver small share of the total load
(c) run in the opposite direction
(d) run as a motor in the same direction (mcq)

10. which of the following is true regarding distribution system on tankers SURE
a.high voltage distribution system not allowed on tankers
b.earthed neutral system used.
c.3.3kv above insulated neutral system used fwd of the engine room bulkhead
d.none of the above

22. BJT transistor used as an amplifier it operats in SURE


a.cut off
b.wellsaturation
c.well insaturation
d. active region

23. ambient temperature rise in transistor SURE


a. life loss
b.life increases
c.stable
d

24.fuse material SURE


a.lead , zinc , tin , alloy of zinc, alloy of lead
b.
c.
d.

26.the amount of current needed for full protection in case of iccp system for a particular ship will be most
effected by SURE
a. wetted surface area
b.quality and condition of protection pain coating
c.speed of the ship
d.sea water temperature

27. which of the following consider to be the safest protectioon from static electricity dischaarge when
connecting or disconnecting cargo hose and metal arms? SURE
a.insulatiing flange on the length of the non conducting hose if mqc
b.switching off ICCP
c.ship shore bonding cable
d.non of this above

28. Class A amplifer percentage? SURE


a. 78.8%
b.50%
c.25%
d.75%

29. In properly biased npn transistor most free electron from emmiter SURE
a.recombine with hole and base
b.recombine with emitter itself
c.stopped with emitter itself
d.pass through the base to collector

31. common emitter amplifier is charaterstic by SURE


a. low voltage gain
b. modrate power factor
c.single phase reversal
d.very high output impedence

33.which of the following ture regards to syncronoscope SURE


a. the coil produce 3 phase rotating field
b.the coil produce a 2 phase rotating field
c.the coil produce 1 phase rotating field
d. the rotating armature has 2 coil winding perpendicular to each other
e.the rotating aramature has coil parallel to each other

35.charterstic of lazer light SURE


a.coherncy
b.colimation
c.monochorocity
d.all the above

36. which of the following used in earth neutral system SURE


a.neuttral earthing resistor'
b.fuse
c.overcurrent
d.transformer

37. 3 phase insulated earth system one of the path contact with hull SURE
a.earthed
b.short crt or grounded
c. a and b
d.none of the above

38.which of the device protect the generator over load SURE


a. relay on switch
b.governor
c.ACB
d.overspeed trip on primemover

39. which is true SURE


a.over current relay act faster than fuse if mqc
b.over current relay trip the contector on over load depend on over load setting
c.fuse ment for protection again over load upto staled current
d.none of these above

41. n type semiconductor dopping substance SURE


a.antomy
b.phospors
c.arsecnic
d.all the above

42.class B amplifier SURE


a.distroation free
b.out put of full wave rectifier
c. out put of half wave rectifier
d.
Note : output is positive half cycle

45. while dopping the semiconductor is adding impurites, why it is called impurities SURE
a.it change the crystal structure of the semiconductor
b.it change the chemical free semiconductor
c.it prevent the flow olow of free electrons
d.

47. output of class B amplifier. mcq SURE


a.distroration free
b.consiste positive half cycle
c.like output of full wave rectifier
d. comprise of short duration current pluses

48. wound rotor motorchanging the speed troque charteristic control and speed control perpose
a.use AVR with motor SURE
b.use changing no of poles in a motor
c.use external resistor in a rotor circuit

d..use external resistor in a stator circuit


e.thyristor in combine with motor.

50. groung occur in the electrical machinery as a result of insulation failure. SURE
a.deteration through moisture
b.excessie heate
c.external period of vibration
d. all of the above

51. unique fuature of a cc tranistor amplifer circuit is SURE


a.step up the impedence level
b.dose not increase the signal voltage
c.act as a impedence matching device
d.all of the above

53.advantage of nikel candmium battery SURE


a.high voltage
b.fewer cell needed for same voltage
c.full charge for long time
d. less expensive

55.3 phase, if it is connected insulated neutral earth system to the ship hull SURE
a.short crt
b.earth fault
c.both a and b
d.neither a or b

56.what will be in motor , for electro steering gear?


a.fuse
b.overload
c.overload trip
d.power failure alarm

57.impurities in semiconductor
a.dopping
b.biasing

SURE

DOUBT

c.alloying
d.none of the above

58.Capacitor banks are connected with ac induction motor SURE


A.in parallel.
B.in series.
C.not connected at]
D.can be connected either way series / parallel.