22 views

Uploaded by RPDesh

Vortex and eddies in offshore structures

- The Augustinian Tradition in Physical Science
- A Brief Review of Recent Results in Vortex Induced Vibrations
- Potential Flows
- Aerodynamic Perfoamce of Wind Turbine
- 6
- Anna University
- b407170k
- Wind Tunnel experiment
- 3D Homogeneous Turbulence
- bluff body (ahmed body)
- Convection-Diffusion Equation - COMSOL
- Wake Adapted Propeller Design Application to Navyships
- Osbourne Reynold
- Materials Science
- Nonlinear Adaptive Flight Control of a Hyper Sonic Vehicle_2
- En
- Three-dimensional Simulation for Fast Forward Flight of a Calliope Hummingbird _ Open Science
- Ennis_2013
- 2009 Exam
- 1007

You are on page 1of 28

y Transverse forces result from vortex or eddy

shedding on the downstream side of a pile.

y Transverse forces were found to depend on the

dynamic response of the structure.

y For rigid structures, transverse forces equal to the

drag force, is a reasonable upper limit.

y Eddies are shed at a frequency that is twice the

wave frequency

(VIV)

y VIV is a topic very much related to Flow-Induced

Vibrations.

y This is an important fluid flow phenomenon

encountered in many engineering situations.

y Many civil and marine structures in air as well as

in water are subject to VIV and may undergo large

amplitude oscillations.

(VIV)

y Vortices shed from bodies are typically shed

alternately from top to bottom.

y Each time a vortex is shed, there is a resultant

force on the body.

y Asymmetrical vortex shedding results in an

oscillating force acting on the body transverse (and

in line) to the flow.

y This force often results in vibrations on long risers

and cables.

y These vibrations are called vortex induced

vibrations (VIV).

(VIV)

y When the flow separates, vortices are formed and

shed in the wake.

y Vortices are small eddies that result in a force

on the body.

y Vorticity is mathematically

defined as follows:

&

y

&

Z x V

(VIV & VIM)

y VIV is normally associated with vibrations of small

diameter structures like such as moorings, cables

and risers.

y VIV can result in medium to long term fatigue

damage.

y VIM normally associated with motions of large

diameter structures such as SPARs, TLPs and

SEMIs.

y VIM can have immediate operational impacts on

the facility operation.

Bridges

y Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco in 1951

y Wind speed:

y

770 mph

p ((110kmph)

p )

y

33.5m

5 @ 0.13Hz

3

y

22 degrees @ 0.1Hz

[Ref.1]

Tacoma Narrows Bridge in 1940

y Wind speed:

y 42 mph (68kmph)

y 0.62 Hz

y Torsional Mode:

y 0.23 Hz

[Ref.1]

Ferrybridge Power Station in 1960

y 3 out of 8 cooling towers collapsed amidst a

wind storm

y Tower height

y 375 feet

y Reason:

y Serious underestimation

[Ref.1]

OFFHORE STRUCTURES (1)

y Compared to fixed platforms, more acute in

floating offshore structures like SPARs, SEMIs

and TLPs where circular shaped items are

present

y Risers

y Tendons

y Deep draft columns

y Cables

[Ref.1]

OFFSHORE STRUCTURES (2)

y VIV in the ocean is a complex phenomenon

y Non-uniform currents

y Wave-current interactions

y Vortex shedding frequency varies along the length

of the riser/cable/tendon

y Understanding the forces acting along the cable are

very tricky to certain extent

y In steady flow, flow patterns depend on

mainly NRee, which is a ratio of Inertial to

Viscous force.

y At low NRRee, the flow is laminar

y At large NRee, the flow is turbulent.

y In between laminar and turbulent flow, there

exists a transition zone.

Vortex Shedding:

Laminar Performance

y NRee < 5:

y F

Fluid flow follows the

cylinder

y

y 5 < NRe

Re < 45:

y Flow separates

p

y A pair

p of vortices is formed

y 45 d NRee d 150:

y Vortices break away

y

y P

Periodic w

wake of staggered

vortices

[Ref.1]

Vortex Shedding:

Turbulent Performance

y 150 < NRe

Re <300:

y T

Transition range to

turbulence in vortex

5

y 300 < NRe

Re <3 dx10 :

y turbulent

y Turbulent boundary layer

y Narrower wake

y 3x106 d NRee

y R

ReRe

e-establishment

establishment of

es

[Ref.1]

y Vortex Shedding is dictated by NSt, which is

defined as follows:

N St

y Where

fs D

U

y D is the diameter in m

y U is the inflow speed in m/s

Reynolds number (NRe)

[Ref.4]

y Reynolds number:

y NRee = (VD)/Q

y Subcritical (NRee < 105)

y Reduced velocity:

y Ur = U/(fn D)

(Horizontal Cylinder)

y Due to formation of vortices (an alternating vortex wake),

y Both Lift and Drag forces continue on a horizontal

cylinder in cross-flow.

y Lift (Transverse) is perpendicular to the flow velocity

while Drag (In-line) is parallel to the flow velocity.

y Lift force oscillations (vibrations) occur at the vortex

shedding frequency, fs.

y Drag force oscillations occur at twice the vortex

shedding frequency, 2 x fs.

(Vertical Cylinder)

y Due to unsteady flow, forces X(t), Drag Forces, D(t)

and Y(t), Lift forces, L(t) vary with time.

y Force Coefficients are:

D(t )

Cx

1

U U 2D

2

L(t )

Cy

1

U U 2D

2

[Ref.1]

in Time Domain

CX

DRA

[Ref.1]

CY

LIFT

Vibration of a Cylinder Structure

Heave Motion = z(t)

z a cos Zt

z (t )

z (t )

z aZ sin Zt

z(t )

z aZ 2 cos Zt

Lift

L(t )

Drag

D(t )

La cos(Z s t H )

Da cos(2Z s t H )

[Ref.1]

Rigid Cylinder is now same as a

spring-mass system with an

oscillatory forces

Equation of Cylinder Heave

M z B z K z L(t )

L(t ) Laccl . z(t ) Lvel . z (t )

M z B z K z Laccl . z(t ) Lvel . z (t )

( M Laccl . ) z ( B Lvel . ) z K z 0

Note: If Lvel. > B, the system is unstable

Lift Force on a Cylinder

y Lift force is sinusoidal component and residual

sinusoidal term, which can be subtracted from

the total force.

L(t ) La cos Zt cos H La sin Zt sin H

L(t )

La sin H

La cos H

z(t )

z (t )

2

z aZ

z aZ

Lift Force Components

y Two components of lift can be analyzed:

y Lift in phase with acceleration (added mass)

M accl . (Z , z a )

La

z aZ

cos H

La

Lvel . (Z , z a )

sin H

z aZ

y Total Lift L(t ) M

z(t ) Lvel . (Z , z a ) z (t )

accl . (Z , z a )

Total Force

L(t ) M accl . (Z , z a ) z(t ) Lvel . (Z , z a ) z (t )

1

L(t ) ( U D ) Cm ,accl . (Z , z a ) z(t ) ( U DU 2 ) C L ,vel . (Z , z a ) z (t )

2

4

2

If CL,v

L,vel.

L

veell. > 0 then the fluid force amplifies the motion

instead of opposing it. This is self excited oscillation.

Cm,a

m,accl.

acccl.

l And CL,v

L,vel.

L

veell. are functions of frequency of oscillation()

And amplitude (za).

Lift Coefficient

Vortex induced vibrations are self-limited

d=D, Clv=CL,vel. and Lv=LV (,za)

[Ref.1]

In air: air is small, zmax | 0.2 diameter (D)

In water: water is large, zmax | 1.0 diameter (D)

LOCK-IN Phenomenon

y A cylinder is said to be locked in when the frequency of

this region the largest amplitude oscillations occur.

Z s 2 S f s 2 S N St

D

Zn

2S

Tn

2S fn

K

M m

Various Means

(a) Helical Spring

(b) Shroud

(c) Axial slats

(d) Streamlines fairing

(e) Splitter plate

(f) Ribboned cable

(g) Pivoted guiding vane

(h) Spoiler plates

[Ref.1]

Helical Strakes

Helical strakes are a common VIV

suppression techniques used both

onshore and offshore

[Ref.1]

- The Augustinian Tradition in Physical ScienceUploaded bywalkley8
- A Brief Review of Recent Results in Vortex Induced VibrationsUploaded byAkshay Deshpande
- Potential FlowsUploaded byJuan Gonzalez
- Aerodynamic Perfoamce of Wind TurbineUploaded bymondy.eg
- b407170kUploaded byEr Mayur Patil
- Anna UniversityUploaded byyoshiceg
- Wind Tunnel experimentUploaded byAnkit Gupta
- bluff body (ahmed body)Uploaded byMuhammad Faridhwan
- 6Uploaded byZaid Hadi
- 3D Homogeneous TurbulenceUploaded byDeepThinking
- Convection-Diffusion Equation - COMSOLUploaded bykalyan555
- Wake Adapted Propeller Design Application to NavyshipsUploaded byMina Youssef Halim
- Osbourne ReynoldUploaded byN Afiqah Razak
- Materials ScienceUploaded byfunfrancis
- Nonlinear Adaptive Flight Control of a Hyper Sonic Vehicle_2Uploaded byP_lee
- EnUploaded bysaateh
- Three-dimensional Simulation for Fast Forward Flight of a Calliope Hummingbird _ Open ScienceUploaded byÍtalo Neves
- Ennis_2013Uploaded byMOFEEZALAM
- 2009 ExamUploaded byMarcus Li
- 1007Uploaded byChaitanya Kapila
- YVS Rao_CVUploaded byVenkat Subba Rao Yammani
- Steelbridges 2-ModificatoUploaded byDory
- Lecture 12Uploaded byShadmƛn Rƛzzƛq
- Flow Structures and Mixing Analysis of a Newtonian Fluid in AUploaded byS Bharadwaj Reddy
- 106647-MS the Effect of Tool Joints on ECD While DrillingUploaded byJose Luis Lievano
- Equation_Sheet.pdfUploaded byMH Merhi
- Jmp2014 BrochureUploaded byTridip Shai
- materialUploaded byakun rahmat2
- 1. MATERIAL PRO.docUploaded byakun rahmat2
- 1. MATERIAL PRO.docUploaded byakun rahmat2

- Calculation of the Plastic Section Modulus Using the ComputerUploaded byAnonymous 7MdZQn1
- SOLAS__BOLUM_II_1_EK(21).pdfUploaded byKenneth Tan
- OSAP_User's_Guide.pdfUploaded byRPDesh
- OTG14-Rev23092016 Horizontal Wave Impact Loads for Column Stablised UnitsUploaded byatmu35
- Torsional Vibration Spread SheetUploaded byRPDesh
- Semi Submersible Lifting Vessel (Ship Shaped)Uploaded byRPDesh
- Keppel OTD_Design and EngineeringUploaded byRPDesh
- Steel PropertiesUploaded byRPDesh
- Cyl Shell BucklingUploaded byRPDesh
- -impac_v1Uploaded byRPDesh
- Finite Element Study of Structural DiscontinuitiesUploaded byRPDesh
- 1Uploaded byRPDesh
- Engineering DesignUploaded byRPDesh
- Post School Assignment-ProgrammeUploaded byRPDesh
- Post School Assignment-Rahul DeshmukhUploaded byRPDesh
- Framework UMUploaded byRPDesh
- Bv_ni461-1998 Guidance Notes (2)Uploaded byRPDesh
- LLoyds Register Rules and RegulationsUploaded byRPDesh
- Structual Analysis Design of VesselsUploaded byRPDesh
- Finite Element Study of Structural DiscontinuitiesUploaded byRPDesh
- Post School AssignmentUploaded byRPDesh
- Beam Natural FrequencyUploaded byRPDesh
- Global VibrationUploaded byGeorge Ponparau
- Mesh Size in Finite Element Modelsby Rahul DeshmukhUploaded byRPDesh
- Calculate Plastic SMUploaded byRPDesh
- CE 382 L12 - Plastic AnalysisUploaded byAydın Göğüş
- Semisubmersible Wind TurbineUploaded byRPDesh
- Vortex and Eddy SheddingUploaded byRPDesh

- Telecom Tutorials by Samir Amberkar_ LTE - Dedicated Bearer SetupUploaded byidhemizvir
- DXXUploaded byعبد الغفور الشرقاوي
- Transformer Oil TestUploaded bydetroit44
- Supervisor's Observation ChecklistUploaded byJulmane Plaza
- Art Cities Cultural Districts and MuseumsUploaded byAnna Waterhouse
- NashuaTelegraph [AE 12 Related]Uploaded bysdotdub
- Khai Bao Ont MoiUploaded byducnm1977
- ka7500bdUploaded byTryon -tryon-
- Hi Essence Cable SpecUploaded bync_ean
- 2015-10Uploaded bymtomescu
- SNA UNIT-2 ALL NOTESUploaded byDivanshu Gauba
- Introduction to the National Electrical CodeUploaded byRafael Coss
- Economist Man and Machine Ray DalioUploaded byscribd121979
- Overview and Implementation of Fast Corner Detection MethodUploaded bypi194043
- Goal or ObjectiveUploaded bysushmanthqrewrer
- SWOT Analysis L Oreal the Body ShopUploaded byradislamy
- Use of Linear Regression in Machine Learning for RankingUploaded byInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Appam Recipe _ Appam Kerala Recipe _ by Tarla Dalal _ Tarladalal.com _ #193Uploaded byAeezelRoseVN
- Effect of Plunge Depth on Weld Integrity OfUploaded byKaushik Sengupta
- Bio wasteUploaded byAbhijeet Kadu
- 288713641 ZXSDR UniRAN V3!10!20 FDD LTE Base Station Radio Parameter ReferenceUploaded byAli Sahal
- section 11 arbitration actUploaded byShivansh Arya
- ISCOM-HT803-DatasheetUploaded bynmc79
- Article 315 EstafaUploaded bydaydreamer5256
- ZJ-WiFiBulb (1).pdfUploaded byWladimir Flores
- Asif CV UpdatedUploaded byRaja Faheem Khalid
- Binary LogisticUploaded byErtur Mersin
- Consumer HealthUploaded byLi Yen Reboja Factura I
- Samsung MM-C430D EDCUploaded bybaris999
- Strut&TieRUploaded byAhmad Syihan