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Design of Flexible pavement for

For low volume rural roads (As per IRC :SP -72-2007)
i) Number of
harvesting
season=

3nos

Harvesting
Season -I
(Boro)

Harvesting
Season -2
( Aus & Jute
)

ii) Time span


of each
harvesting
season=
2.5 months

iii) Project
completion
time=

365 Days
Aug

July

June

May

April

March

Jan

Feb

2years

For North 24-Parganas


Traffic count carried out for subsequent seven days each in the month of February'2013 at the junction at College more of Basirha
road(in both direction)
Traffic Census Report

MOTOR CYCLES
AND SCOOTERS

1997

2699

3369

49

1885

ADT / Lean Season

999

1350

1685

25

943

ADT / Average

1498

2025

2527

37

1414

Total PCU

720

1945

1214

108

4074

trucks

CARS,JEEPS,VANS,
MATADOR,
THREE WHEELERS
ETC.

ADT / Peak Season

Description

Agricultural
Tractor Trailors & Mini
Trucks

Cycle

Commercial vehicles

Animal drawn vehicle

Light weight other vehicles

MCV

HCV

Laden
Condition

Rear Axel Load

Unladen
Condition

Rear Axel Load

Overloading
by 20%

Calculation of VDF in different loading condition:.

10.2

Front Axel Load

0.31

2.58

Rear Axel Load

7.2

12.24

Front Axel Load

3.6

0.65

5.35

VDF
.

Front Axel Load

1.5

0.019

0.31

VDF

VDF

Note -III:- a)

Total PCU on project completion =0+720+1945+1214+108+4074+0

b) Total PCU after design life of 10 years =8061(1+0.06)^10=

8061

14436

As per Clause -7.2/ Table -10, IRC-73/1980, 3.80m wide carriage way suitable for total PCU upto 2500,
5.50 m wide carriage way suitable for total PCU 2500 to 5000,
7.0 m wide carriage way suitable for total PCU 5000-10000
Assuming :i) Uniform traffic growth rate , r=
6%
ii) Design life period

(n)

10

year

Cumulative Equivalent Standard Axel Load (ESAL ) application over design life :(Cl:- 3.4.4 of IRC :SP -72/2007)

N= To x 365 x[ { (1+r)power n-1 }/r] x L


Where, L= Lane distribution factor =1.00 for 5.50 m
To= Equivalent Standard Axel Load (ESAL ) per day in the year of opening x VDF=
VDF for MCV = (50% x 0.31+35% x 0.019+15% x 0.65)=
0.259
VDF for HCV = (50% x 2.58+35% x 0.31+15% x 5.35)=
2.201
To= Equivalent Standard Axel Load (ESAL ) per day in the year of opening x VDF=
= (36x 0.259(for MCV ) +1358x2.201(for HCV- truck)+ 0X2.201(for
HCV Bus )

N= To x 365 x[ { (1+r)power n-1 }/r] x L

2998

Nos per day on


project completion

33951439

AADT on project is 14406 which is considerably high. So requirement of correction for solid wheel charts (SWC) is not relevant
as described in clause -3.4.6 of IRC : SP -72/2007

As ESAL = 33951439 is greater than 10,00,000 ESAL application, pavement design should be carried out as per IRC : 37 -2001
SP : 72-2007
Assistant Engineer
Basirhat Highway Sub-Divn
P.W.(Roads) Direct.

Nov

Sep

Oct

Dec

Vehicles
increases in
Harvesting
Season

Harvesting
Season -3
(Aman &
Veg)

more of Basirhat College to Champapukur

Buses

al vehicles

HCV

0
0
0
0

10.2
5
2.58
6
3
0.31
12.24
6
5.35

is not relevant

r IRC : 37 -2001, (REF.:- Clause -8(Viii) of IRC :

TRAFFIC CENSUS Weekly traffic summery As per IRC- 9-1972


Name of Work:-

From

To

12.11.2013

Road clasification

04.12.2013

(Date)

(Date)

Details of Traffic census point :-

ADT
/ Peak Season

From

KM/ Millage :North 24-Parganas

District :To

Fast Vehicle

State :Slow Vehicle

CARS,JEEPS,VANS,MATADOR,
THREE WHEELERS ETC.

Buses

Trucks

MOTOR CYCLES
AND SCOOTERS

Total
Col 5 to 8

ANIMAL DRAWN
VEHICLES

CYCLES

Date

Hour

Date

Hour

10

11

12.11.13

06 a.m.

13.11.13

06 a.m.

3080

1854

3395

8329

1728

13.11.13

06 a.m.

14.11.13

06 a.m.

2796

1894

3468

8158

2085

14.11.13

06 a.m.

15.11.13

06 a.m.

2599

1856

3385

7840

1992

15.11.13

06 a.m.

16.11.13

06 a.m.

2733

1945

3476

8153

2011

16.11.13

06 a.m.

17.11.13

06 a.m.

2770

1886

3259

7915

2089

17.11.13

06 a.m.

18.11.13

06 a.m.

2397

1887

3211

7495

1992

18.11.13

06 a.m.

19.11.13

06 a.m.

2516

1874

3392

7782

2082

Average

2699

1885

3369

7953

1997

ADT / Lean Season


Assume 50% of peak

1350

943

1685

3977

999

AADT / * Note - 1

1683

1175

Total average motorised & non motorized vehicles per day as counted

4957

12466

2427

5728

1245

1439

(1683 +"+0 +1175 +2100 +4957 +0 +1245 +31 +1275)


AADT / * Note - 2

2100

1945

1358

Average Annual Daily Traffic (AADT) on project


completion after 2 year

= (1945+0+1358+2427+5728+0+1439+36+1473)
PCU Equivalency
(Table 9, IRC-73 / 1980)

Total PCU

0.5

1945

4074

1214

NOTE - 1:

Average Annual Daily Traffic (AADT) as counted, e.g. for full sized Trucks
=[{943 Nos.X365 Days+3-harvesting seasonsx( 1885-943 ) nos.x(0.4x2.5months x30days )} / 365 days] Nos.=1175nos.

NOTE - 2:

Average Annual Daily Traffic (AADT) on project completion, e.g. for full sized Trucks
=[{1175 Nos. X (1+0.05) power (2-years) = 1358 nos.

NOTE - 3:

The local information transpires that after improvement of the road bus service will be provided along the road

0.5

720

SAE (Kalinagar Section)


Basirhat Highway Sub-Division

Assistant Engineer
Basirhat Highway Sub-Division
P.W.(Rds)Dett.

14406

P.W.(Rds)Dett.

traffic summery As per IRC- 9-1972

Road clasification

West Bengal
Slow Vehicle

Remarks

Others
( Agricultural Tractor
Trailors & Mini
Trucks)

Total
Col 10 to 12

12

13

56

1784

54

2139

36

2029

47

2058

51

2140

43

2035

54

2136

49

2046

25

1023

14

31

1275

36

1473

3
108

Pavement Design As per IRC- 37- 2012


For
Name of
Work:-..........................................................................................................................................................

A)

Design Data :

Present Year : 2013

i)

Type of road under consideration

ii)

Commercial vehicle per day as counted in the year 2013

iii)

Initial traffic in the year of completion of the Project (A)

Double lane road with single CW with two way


traffic.

:
:
2015

1206 commercial vehicle per day (in both diren.)

: A = P (1 + r) x
=

1206

x (1 + 0.05) power -2

1330

commercial vehicle per day.

Min Design Lif


iv)

Annual growth rate of commercial vehicles ( r )

: 5.0%

v)

Design life of the road after completion of the scheme ( n )

12.5 years

vi)

Vehicle Damage Factor ( D ) VDF (Table 1 of IRC:37-2012)

3.50

NH / SH

15 Year

Other Road

10 Year

vii)

Design CBR of the subgrade soil as investigated recently

B)

Design Calculation :

Lane Distribution Factor ( F ) (Cl. 3.3.5 of IRC : 37,2001)

ii)

Cumulative number of standard axles to be catered for in the


design in terms of msa (Cl. 3.3.6.1 of IRC : 37,2001)

iv)

0 -- 150

1.5

150 -- 1500

3.5

More than 1500

4.5

0.50

(for Two lane single C/W road)


Type of road lane
Single-lane commercial vehicle in both
direction
Two-lane single C/W commercial vehicle
in both direction
Four-lane single C/W commercial
vehicle in both direction
Duel Carriageway 2 lane / 3 lane / 4
lane commercial vehicle in one direction

: N=365x[(1+r)n-1] x AxDxF x (1/r) x 10-6

iii)
Total pavement thickness for CBR = 3.16 % and Design Traffic =
15 msa
(Intrapolated from Plate-1, Page- 26 of IRC : 37,2012)
Proposed pavement composition

365X[(1+0.05)10-1]x 1330
xVDFx1.0x(1/0.05)x10-6msa

14.28
760

msa
mm

Provide:-

Widenning

Plain/Rolling

3.16

(Cl - 4.5, page- 8 of IRC : 37,2001)

i)

(Table :4.2,
Page-8 of
IRC:37,2012)

Com.Vehicle Per Day

1) 300mm Jhama metal

Say,

15.00

Strengthening

Assistant Engineer
Basirhat Highway Sub-Division
P.W.(Rds)Dett.

1) 40mm thick BC
2) 75mm thick DBM & 50mm thick DBM
:
3)300mm thick WMM
Total Thickness = 765 mm

ith two way

n both diren.)

e per day.

Min Design Life


15 Year
10 Year
Hilly
0.5
1.5
2.5

L.D.F.(F)
1.00
0.50
0.40
0.75 / 0.60
/ 0.45

10-6

msa

DBM

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


Flexural strength of cement Concrete M40 =
CBR of Sub-grade below 500mm GL =
Appox. Value of modulus of sub-grade reaction, K in kg/cm3
corresponding to Table-2, IRC-58-2002 =
Design life of Conc. Pavement cl-4.3, IRC-58-2002 =

45 kg/ cm2
3.16
2.8 kg/ cm3
20 years

Temparature diffrence of top & bottom as per Table- 1, IRC-58-2002 =


16.8 deg. C
Modulas of Elasticity of concrete, E=
Poisson Ration, m =

300000 kg/ cm2


0.15

Co-efficient of thermal expansion , a =

0.00001 per deg. C

Effective modulas of sub grade reaction of the sub-base incl. DLC is


considered , =

8 kg/ cm3

Tyre pressure , =

8 kg / cm2

Rate of Traffic increase , r =

0.075

Spacing of Contraction joint L =

500 cm

Width of slab B =

350 cm

Pavement Thickness h =

36 cm

The Axle load spectrum obtained from axle load survey of rear axle is given below:Sigle Axle loads
Axle load
class, MT

%age of axle
loads

Tandem Axle loads


Axle load
class, MT

19-21

34-38

17-19

2.15

30-34

15-17

2.69

26-30

13-15

5.91

22-26

11-13

6.45

18-22

9-11

11.29

14-18

less than 9

71.51

less than 14

Total

100.00

Total

%age of axle
loads

0.00

Page 13 of 33

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


Design : Present traffic after completion of project A=

1330

Cumulative number of standard axles to be catered for in


the design in terms of msa (Cl. 3.3.6.1 of IRC : 37,2001)
=

N=365x[(1+r)n-1] x AxLane Dis x (1/r)


365X[(1+0.075)20-1]x0.50 x1330
msa

Design Traffic considering 100% compare to 25% as there is no such


parking loat at Land Custom, vehicle are standing for two to three days
for getting clearance from customs of both the country and out of two
lane vehicle can stand at one lane and other lane is to be used for
passing goods to bangladesh or vice-varsa=

Sigle Axle loads


Axle load
class, MT

%age of axle
loads

Tandem Axle loads


Axle load
class, MT

%age of axle
loads

20

36

18

22598927

32

16

28274936

28

14

62120771

24

12

67796781

20

10

118670644

16

<10

751650819

<16

Total

1051112878

Total

Page 14 of 33

cvpd

= 10511128.78

nos

10511128.78

nos

(1/0.075)

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


Axle load (AL),
AL X
MT
1.20(Factor of
Safety)

Stress Kg/
Cm2 from
Chart

Stress ration

Expected
repeatition,
n

7= 5 / 6

20

24

18

0.45

62790000

0.00

18

21.6

17.5

0.44

22598927

Unlilited

16

19.2

15

0.38

28274936

#VALUE!

14

16.8

13.5

0.34

62120771

#VALUE!

12

14.4

12

0.3

67796781

#VALUE!

10

12

10

0.25

118670644

#VALUE!

751650819

#VALUE!

Fatigue Life, Fatigue life


N
Consumed

Sigle Axle

<10
Tandem Axle
36

43.2

15

0.380

#VALUE!

32

38.4

14

0.350

#VALUE!

28

33.6

12.5

0.310

#VALUE!

24

28.8

11

0.280

#VALUE!

20

24

0.230

#VALUE!

16

19.2

0.200

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

<16

Cummulative Fatigue life consumed

The Cummulative fatigue life consumed being less than 1, Design life is safe from fatigue
consideration.
Check for Temparature stresses :Edge warping stress =

C x Ex a x t/ 2=

12.50

Where,
C= Bradbury co-efficient (Fig-2, Page- 21, IRC-58-2002)=
l= radius of relative stiffness, cm=

0.496

{Eh3/ 12x (1-m)2 x k}^1/4


= 119

L / l=

4.2

B/l=

2.94
Total stress warping plus axle load stress=

Page 15 of 33

30.500

Kg / cm2 < 40 kg / cm2, hence safe

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


Flexural strength of cement Concrete M40 =

45 kg/ cm2

CBR of Sub-grade below 500mm GL =

3.16

Appox. Value of modulus of sub-grade reaction, K in kg/cm3


corresponding to Table-2, IRC-58-2002 =
Design life of Conc. Pavement cl-4.3, IRC-58-2002 =

2.8 kg/ cm3


20 years

Temparature diffrence of top & bottom as per Table- 1, IRC-58-2002 =


16.8 deg. C
Modulas of Elasticity of concrete, E=

300000 kg/ cm2

Poisson Ration, m =

0.15

Co-efficient of thermal expansion , a =

0.00001 per deg. C

Effective modulas of sub grade reaction of the sub-base incl. DLC is


considered , =

8 kg/ cm3

Tyre pressure , =

8 kg / cm2

Rate of Traffic increase , r =

0.075

Spacing of Contraction joint L =

500 cm

Width of slab B =

350 cm

Pavement Thickness h =

36 cm

The Axle load spectrum obtained from axle load survey of rear axle is given below:Sigle Axle loads
Axle load
class, MT

%age of axle
loads

Tandem Axle loads


Axle load
class, MT

19-21

34-38

17-19

2.15

30-34

15-17

2.69

26-30

13-15

5.91

22-26

11-13

6.45

18-22

9-11

11.29

14-18

less than 9

71.51

less than 14

Total

100.00

Total

%age of axle
loads

0.00

Page 16 of 33

100.00

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


Design : Present traffic after completion of project A=

1330

Cumulative number of standard axles to be catered for in


the design in terms of msa (Cl. 3.3.6.1 of IRC : 37,2001)
=

cvpd

N=365x[(1+r)n-1] x AxLane Dis x (1/r)


365X[(1+0.075)20-1]x0.50 x1330
msa
= 10511128.78

Design Traffic considering 50% compare to 25% as there is no such


parking loat at ......., vehicle are standing for two to three days for getting
clearance from customs of both the country and out of two lane vehicle
can stand at one lane and other lane is to be used for passing goods to
bangladesh or vice-varsa=

Sigle Axle loads


Axle load
class, MT

%age of axle
loads

Tandem Axle loads


Axle load
class, MT

%age of axle
loads

20

36

18

11299463

32

16

14137468

28

14

31060386

24

12

33898390

20

10

59335322

16

<10

375825410

<16

Total

525556439

Total

Page 17 of 33

5255564.39

nos

nos

(1/0.075)

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


Axle load (AL),
AL X
MT
1.20(Factor of
Safety)

Stress Kg/
Cm2 from
Chart

Stress ration

Expected
repeatition,
n

7= 5 / 6

20

24

18

0.45

62790000

0.00

18

21.6

17.5

0.44

11299463

Unlilited

16

19.2

15

0.38

14137468

#VALUE!

14

16.8

13.5

0.34

31060386

#VALUE!

12

14.4

12

0.3

33898390

#VALUE!

10

12

10

0.25

59335322

#VALUE!

375825410

#VALUE!

Fatigue Life, Fatigue life


N
Consumed

Sigle Axle

<10
Tandem Axle
36

43.2

15

0.380

#VALUE!

32

38.4

14

0.350

#VALUE!

28

33.6

12.5

0.310

#VALUE!

24

28.8

11

0.280

#VALUE!

20

24

0.230

#VALUE!

16

19.2

0.200

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

<16

Cummulative Fatigue life consumed

0.00

The Cummulative fatigue life consumed being less than 1, Design life is safe from fatigue
consideration.
Check for Temparature stresses :Edge warping stress =

C x Ex a x t/ 2=

12.50

Where,
C= Bradbury co-efficient (Fig-2, Page- 21, IRC-58-2002)=
l= radius of relative stiffness, cm=

0.496

{Eh3/ 12x (1-m)2 x k}^1/4


= 119

L / l=

4.2

B/l=

2.94
Total stress warping plus axle load stress=

Page 18 of 33

30.500

Kg / cm2 < 40 kg / cm2, hence safe

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


Flexural strength of cement Concrete M40 =
CBR of Sub-grade below 500mm GL =
Appox. Value of modulus of sub-grade reaction, K in kg/cm3 corresponding
to Table-2, IRC-58-2002 =
Design life of Conc. Pavement cl-4.3, IRC-58-2002 =

40 kg/ cm2
3.16
2.8 kg/ cm3
20 years

Temparature diffrence of top & bottom as per Table- 1, IRC-58-2002 =


16.8 deg. C
Modulas of Elasticity of concrete, E=
Poisson Ration, m =

300000 kg/ cm2


0.15

Co-efficient of thermal expansion , al =

0.00001 per deg. C

Effective modulas of sub grade reaction of the sub-base incl. DLC is


considered , =

8 kg/ cm3

Tyre pressure , =

8 kg / cm2

Rate of Traffic increase , r =

0.075

Spacing of Contraction joint L =

500 cm

Width of slab B =

350 cm

Pavement Thickness h =

36 cm

Load on dual wheel P =

10000 kg

The Axle load spectrum obtained from axle load survey of rear axle is given below:Sigle Axle loads (consist of
four wheel)
Axle load
class, MT

%age of axle
loads

Tandem Axle loads (consist


of eight wheel)
Axle load
class, MT

%age of axle
loads

19-21

11.4

34-38

9.8

17-19

7.5

30-34

7.2

15-17

11.2

26-30

4.6

13-15

8.9

22-26

11.9

11-13

6.4

18-22

10.2

9-11

1.2

14-18

5.5

less than 9

0.9

less than 14

3.3
Page 19 of 33

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


Total

47.50

Total

52.50

Page 20 of 33

100.00

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


Design : Present traffic after completion of project A=

1330

Cumulative number of standard axles to be catered for in


the design in terms of msa (Cl. 3.3.6.1 of IRC : 37,2001)
=

cvpd

N=365x[(1+r)n-1] x AxLane Dis x (1/r)


365X[(1+0.075)20-1]x0.50 x1330
= 10511128.78

Design Traffic considering 50% compare to 25% as there is no such


parking loat at ................, vehicle are standing for two to three days for
getting clearance from customs of both the country and out of two lane
vehicle can stand at one lane and other lane is to be used for passing
goods to bangladesh or vice-varsa=

Sigle Axle loads


Axle load
class, MT

%age of axle
loads

Tandem Axle loads


Axle load
class, MT

%age of axle
loads

20

59913430

36

51504527

18

39416730

32

37840061

16

58862317

28

24175594

14

46774520

24

62541212

12

33635610

20

53606753

10

6306677

16

28905602

<10

4730008

<16

17343361

Total

249639292

Total

275917110

Page 21 of 33

5255564

(1/0.075) msa
nos

nos

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


Axle load (AL),
AL X
MT
1.20(Factor of
Safety)

Stress Kg/
Cm2 from
Chart

Stress ration

7= 5 / 6

20

24

18

0.45

59913430

62790000

0.95

18

21.6

17.5

0.44

39416730

Unlilited

16

19.2

15

0.38

58862317

#VALUE!

14

16.8

13.5

0.34

46774520

#VALUE!

12

14.4

12

0.3

33635610

#VALUE!

10

12

10

0.25

6306677

#VALUE!

4730008

#VALUE!

Expected
Fatigue Life, Fatigue life
repeatition, n
N
Consumed

Sigle Axle

<10
Tandem Axle
36

43.2

15

0.380

51504527

#VALUE!

32

38.4

14

0.350

37840061

#VALUE!

28

33.6

12.5

0.310

24175594

#VALUE!

24

28.8

11

0.280

62541212

#VALUE!

20

24

0.230

53606753

#VALUE!

16

19.2

0.200

28905602

#VALUE!

17343361

#VALUE!

<16

Cummulative Fatigue life consumed

0.95

The Cummulative fatigue life consumed being less than 1, Design life is safe from fatigue
consideration.
Check for Temparature stresses :Edge warping stress =

C x Ex al x t/ 2=

12.50

Where,
C= Bradbury co-efficient (Fig-2, Page- 21, IRC-58-2002)=
l= radius of relative stiffness, cm=

0.496

{Eh3/ 12x (1-m)2 x k}^1/4


= 119

L / l=

4.2

B/l=

2.94
Total stress warping plus axle load stress=

Page 22 of 33

30.500

Kg / cm2 < 40 kg / cm2, hence


safe

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


Check for Corner Stress :a= Radius of area of contact of wheel, Considering single axle dual wheel,
={((0.8521 x P )/ ( q X 3.14) + SX (P / (0.5227 X q))^0.50 }^ 0.50
Where P = Load in kg=

28.67

cm

10000

S = C/C distance between two tyres in cm =

31

q= tyre pressure in kg / cm2 =

Corner Stress = 3x P {1 - (1.41x a/ l)^0.50}/ h^2

9.66

kg / cm2

< 40 kg / cm2

hence safe

Stress calculation sample:- (Appendix- 6, IRC- 58-2002, Page- 67) Westergaard Equation:a/h=

0.7963888889

<1.724

B=radius of equivalent distribution of pressure=

(1.6 a^2+h^2)^0.5-0.675 x h=

26.8

Strees =0.529 P/h2 x (1+0.54m) {4log10(l/B) + log10 B-0.4048}


14.3477845876
Where, P= Design wheel load in kg = half of the single axle load or one-fourth of the tandem axle load

Design of dowel bars :Design wheel load in kg=


10000 (dual wheel load, axle load 16 MT)
Percentage load trasfer =
40
Joint width in cm, z =
2.00
Permissible bearing stress in concrete is calculated as under =
Fb= (10.16 - b) fck /9.525
Where fck = Characteristic Compressive strength in kg / cm2=
dd = dia of dowel bar = in cm

3.2

(Assumed)

Assume spacing between the dowel bars in cm,


ds=
First dowel bar is placed at a distance =

40

30
15

cm from the pavement edge

Assume length of the dowel bars =

50

cm

Nos of dowel bars participating in load trasfer for a distance of radius of relative stiffness=
=1 + 119 / 30cm =

nos

load Px 40% = =Pt x ( 1 +(119- 30 ) /119+(119- 30x2 ) /119+(119- 30x3 ) /119+(119- 30x4 ) /119)
=Pt x
Load carried by
dowel bar, Pt=

2.48

1612.9

Check for Bearing Stress:Moment of inertia of dowel, I =

3.14 x (dd)^4 /64=

5.14

Modulus of dowel / concrete interaction , kd =


Relative stiffness of dowel bar embedded in concrete B i=
Bearing stress of dowel bars=

41500
kdx ds x / 4 E I=

cm4
kg/ cm2
0.24

(Pt x kd x ( 2 + Bi x z) } /( 4 x Bi^3 x E x I)
292.03 which is less than 292 kg / cm2, hence OK
Page 23 of 33

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


Flexural strength of cement Concrete M40 =
CBR of Sub-grade below 500mm GL =
Appox. Value of modulus of sub-grade reaction, K in kg/cm3 corresponding
to Table-2, IRC-58-2002 =
Design life of Conc. Pavement cl-4.3, IRC-58-2002 =

40 kg/ cm2
3.16
2.8 kg/ cm3
20 years

Temparature diffrence of top & bottom as per Table- 1, IRC-58-2002 =


16.8 deg. C
Modulas of Elasticity of concrete, E=
Poisson Ration, m =

300000 kg/ cm2


0.15

Co-efficient of thermal expansion , al =

0.00001 per deg. C

Rate of Traffic increase , r =


8 kg/ cm3
Tyre pressure , =

8 kg / cm2

Rate of Traffic increase , r =

0.075

Spacing of Contraction joint L =

500 cm

Width of slab B =

350 cm

Pavement Thickness h =

40 cm

Load on dual wheel P =

10000 kg

The Axle load spectrum obtained from axle load survey of rear axle is given below:Sigle Axle loads (consist of
four wheel)
Axle load
class, MT

%age of axle
loads

Tandem Axle loads (consist


of eight wheel)
Axle load
class, MT

%age of axle
loads

19-21

34-38

17-19

4.7

30-34

15-17

5.88

26-30

13-15

12.94

22-26

11-13

14.12

18-22

9-11

20

14-18

less than 9

42.36

less than 14

0
Page 24 of 33

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


Total

100.00

Total

0.00

Page 25 of 33

100.00

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road

Design : Present traffic after completion of project A=

1857

Cumulative number of standard axles to be catered for in


the design in terms of msa (Cl. 3.3.6.1 of IRC : 37,2001)
=

cvpd

N=365x[(1+r)n-1] x AxLane Dis x (1/r)


365X[(1+0.075)20-1]x0.50 x1857
= 14676064.77

Design Traffic considering 50% compare to 25% as there is no such


parking loat at ................., vehicle are standing for two to three days for
getting clearance from customs of both the country and out of two lane
vehicle can stand at one lane and other lane is to be used for passing
goods to bangladesh or vice-varsa=

Sigle Axle loads


Axle load
class, MT

%age of axle
loads

Tandem Axle loads


Axle load
class, MT

%age of axle
loads

20

36

18

34488750

32

16

43147628

28

14

94954134

24

12

103613012

20

10

146760640

16

<10

310839036

<16

Total

733803200

Total

Page 26 of 33

7338032

(1/0.075) msa
nos

nos

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


Axle load (AL),
AL X
MT
1.20(Factor of
Safety)

Stress Kg/
Cm2 from
Chart

Stress ration

7= 5 / 6

20

24

15.45

0.39

unlimited

0.00

18

21.6

13.908

0.35

34488750

Unlilited

16

19.2

12.468

0.31

43147628

#VALUE!

14

16.8

10.812

0.27

94954134

#VALUE!

12

14.4

9.276

0.23

103613012

#VALUE!

10

12

7.968

0.2

146760640

#VALUE!

310839036

#VALUE!

Expected
Fatigue Life, Fatigue life
repeatition, n
N
Consumed

Sigle Axle

<10
Tandem Axle
36

43.2

13.908

0.350

#VALUE!

32

38.4

12.36

0.310

#VALUE!

28

33.6

10.812

0.270

#VALUE!

24

28.8

9.276

0.230

#VALUE!

20

24

7.728

0.190

#VALUE!

16

19.2

6.18

0.150

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

<16

Cummulative Fatigue life consumed

0.00

The Cummulative fatigue life consumed being less than 1, Design life is safe from fatigue
consideration.
Check for Temparature stresses :Edge warping stress =

C x Ex al x t/ 2=

12.50

Where,
C= Bradbury co-efficient (Fig-2, Page- 21, IRC-58-2002)=
l= radius of relative stiffness, cm=

0.496

{Eh3/ 12x (1-m)2 x k}^1/4


= 119

L / l=

4.2

B/l=

2.94
Total stress warping plus axle load stress=

Page 27 of 33

27.950

Kg / cm2 < 40 kg / cm2, hence


safe

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


Check for Corner Stress :a= Radius of area of contact of wheel, Considering single axle dual wheel,
={((0.8521 x P )/ ( q X 3.14) + SX (P / (0.5227 X q))^0.50 }^ 0.50
Where P = Load in kg=

28.67

cm

10000

S = C/C distance between two tyres in cm =

31

q= tyre pressure in kg / cm2 =

Corner Stress = 3x P {1 - (1.41x a/ l)^0.50}/ h^2

7.82

kg / cm2

< 40 kg / cm2

hence safe

Stress calculation sample:- (Appendix- 6, IRC- 58-2002, Page- 67) Westergaard Equation:a/h=

0.71675

<1.724

B=radius of equivalent distribution of pressure=

(1.6 a^2+h^2)^0.5-0.675 x h=

26.99

Strees =0.529 P/h2 x (1+0.54m) {4log10(l/B) + log10 B-0.4048}


12.8801095444
Where, P= Design wheel load in kg = half of the single axle load or one-fourth of the tandem axle load

Design of dowel bars :10000


Design wheel load in kg=
(dual wheel load, axle load 16 MT)
Percentage load trasfer =
40
Joint width in cm, z =
2.00
Permissible bearing stress in concrete is calculated as under =
Fb= (10.16 - b) fck /9.525
Where fck = Characteristic Compressive strength in kg / cm2=
dd = dia of dowel bar = in cm

3.2

(Assumed)

Assume spacing between the dowel bars in cm,


ds=
First dowel bar is placed at a distance =

40

30
15

cm from the pavement edge

Assume length of the dowel bars =

50

cm

Nos of dowel bars participating in load trasfer for a distance of radius of relative stiffness=
=1 + 119 / 30cm =

nos

load Px 40% = =Pt x ( 1 +(119- 30 ) /119+(119- 30x2 ) /119+(119- 30x3 ) /119+(119- 30x4 ) /119)
=Pt x
Load carried by
dowel bar, Pt=

2.48

1612.9

Check for Bearing Stress:Moment of inertia of dowel, I =

3.14 x (dd)^4 /64=

5.14

Modulus of dowel / concrete interaction , kd =


Relative stiffness of dowel bar embedded in concrete B i=
Bearing stress of dowel bars=

41500
kdx ds x / 4 E I=

(Pt x kd x ( 2 + Bi x z) } /( 4 x Bi^3 x E x I)
Page 28 of 33

cm4
kg/ cm2
0.24

Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road


292.03 which is less than 292 kg / cm2, hence OK

Page 29 of 33

Pavement Design

Design Data :

Present Year :

i)

Type of road under consideration

ii)

Commercial vehicle per day as counted in the year 2013

iii)

Initial traffic in the year of completion of the Project (A)

Four lane road single carriageway with two way


traffic.

:
:
2015

1206 commercial vehicle per day (in both diren

: A = P (1 + r) x
=

1206

x (1 + 0.075) power -2

1394

commercial vehicle per day.

iv)

Annual growth rate of commercial vehicles ( r )

: 7.5%

v)

Design life of the road after completion of the scheme ( n )

vi)

Vehicle Damage Factor ( D )

10
3.50

vii)

Design CBR of the subgrade soil as investigated recently

: 3.159

B)

Design Calculation :

Lane Distribution Factor ( F ) (Cl. 3.3.5 of IRC : 37,2001)

0.40

ii)

Cumulative number of standard axles to be catered for in the


design in terms of msa (Cl. 3.3.6.1 of IRC : 37,2001)

=
Total pavement thickness for CBR = 3.159 % and Design Traffic
= 10.1 msa
(Intrapolated from Plate-2, Page-30 & 31 of IRC :
37,2001)

iv)

Proposed pavement composition :-

0 -- 150
150 -- 1500
More than
1500

Type of road lane


Single-lane
Two-lane single C/W
Four-lane single C/W
Duel C/W

: N=365x[(1+r)n-1] x AxDxF x (1/r) x 10-6


=

iii)

Com.Vehicle
Per Day

(For Four lane road single carriageway w


two way traffic.)
(Cl. 3.3.5 of IRC :
37,2001)

i)

years

(Table :1 of
IRC:37,2001)

A)

365X[(1+0.075)10-1]x 1394
xVDFx0.40x(1/0.075)x10-6msa
10.08

msa

Say,

755 mm

:
Total pavement thickness provide 765 mm

Widenning
Strengthening

1) 150mm Sand Bats


2) 150mm thick Jhama metal

: 1) 40mm thick BC
2)125 mm thick DBM
2) 300mm thick WMM

Assistant Engineer
Basirhat Highway Sub-Division
P.W.(Rds)Dett.

2013

riageway with two way

e per day (in both diren.)

.075) power -2

rcial vehicle per day.

Plain/Rolli
ng

Hilly

1.5

0.5

3.5

1.5

4.5

2.5

ad single carriageway with


o way traffic.)

pe of road lane

L.D.F.
(F)

Single-lane

1.00

-lane single C/W

0.75

-lane single C/W

0.40
1.5/1.2
/0.90

Duel C/W

F x (1/r) x 10-6

0-1]x 1394
075)x10-6msa
10.10

s provide 765 mm

metal

msa