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# Design of Flexible pavement for

For low volume rural roads (As per IRC :SP -72-2007)
i) Number of
harvesting
season=

3nos

Harvesting
Season -I
(Boro)

Harvesting
Season -2
( Aus & Jute
)

of each
harvesting
season=
2.5 months

iii) Project
completion
time=

365 Days
Aug

July

June

May

April

March

Jan

Feb

2years

## For North 24-Parganas

Traffic count carried out for subsequent seven days each in the month of February'2013 at the junction at College more of Basirha
Traffic Census Report

MOTOR CYCLES
AND SCOOTERS

1997

2699

3369

49

1885

999

1350

1685

25

943

1498

2025

2527

37

1414

Total PCU

720

1945

1214

108

4074

trucks

CARS,JEEPS,VANS,
THREE WHEELERS
ETC.

Description

Agricultural
Tractor Trailors & Mini
Trucks

Cycle

Commercial vehicles

MCV

HCV

Condition

Condition

by 20%

10.2

0.31

2.58

7.2

12.24

3.6

0.65

5.35

VDF
.

1.5

0.019

0.31

VDF

VDF

Note -III:- a)

## b) Total PCU after design life of 10 years =8061(1+0.06)^10=

8061

14436

As per Clause -7.2/ Table -10, IRC-73/1980, 3.80m wide carriage way suitable for total PCU upto 2500,
5.50 m wide carriage way suitable for total PCU 2500 to 5000,
7.0 m wide carriage way suitable for total PCU 5000-10000
Assuming :i) Uniform traffic growth rate , r=
6%
ii) Design life period

(n)

10

year

Cumulative Equivalent Standard Axel Load (ESAL ) application over design life :(Cl:- 3.4.4 of IRC :SP -72/2007)

## N= To x 365 x[ { (1+r)power n-1 }/r] x L

Where, L= Lane distribution factor =1.00 for 5.50 m
To= Equivalent Standard Axel Load (ESAL ) per day in the year of opening x VDF=
VDF for MCV = (50% x 0.31+35% x 0.019+15% x 0.65)=
0.259
VDF for HCV = (50% x 2.58+35% x 0.31+15% x 5.35)=
2.201
To= Equivalent Standard Axel Load (ESAL ) per day in the year of opening x VDF=
= (36x 0.259(for MCV ) +1358x2.201(for HCV- truck)+ 0X2.201(for
HCV Bus )

2998

## Nos per day on

project completion

33951439

AADT on project is 14406 which is considerably high. So requirement of correction for solid wheel charts (SWC) is not relevant
as described in clause -3.4.6 of IRC : SP -72/2007

As ESAL = 33951439 is greater than 10,00,000 ESAL application, pavement design should be carried out as per IRC : 37 -2001
SP : 72-2007
Assistant Engineer
Basirhat Highway Sub-Divn

Nov

Sep

Oct

Dec

Vehicles
increases in
Harvesting
Season

Harvesting
Season -3
(Aman &
Veg)

Buses

al vehicles

HCV

0
0
0
0

10.2
5
2.58
6
3
0.31
12.24
6
5.35

is not relevant

Name of Work:-

From

To

12.11.2013

04.12.2013

(Date)

(Date)

/ Peak Season

From

District :To

Fast Vehicle

## State :Slow Vehicle

THREE WHEELERS ETC.

Buses

Trucks

MOTOR CYCLES
AND SCOOTERS

Total
Col 5 to 8

ANIMAL DRAWN
VEHICLES

CYCLES

Date

Hour

Date

Hour

10

11

12.11.13

06 a.m.

13.11.13

06 a.m.

3080

1854

3395

8329

1728

13.11.13

06 a.m.

14.11.13

06 a.m.

2796

1894

3468

8158

2085

14.11.13

06 a.m.

15.11.13

06 a.m.

2599

1856

3385

7840

1992

15.11.13

06 a.m.

16.11.13

06 a.m.

2733

1945

3476

8153

2011

16.11.13

06 a.m.

17.11.13

06 a.m.

2770

1886

3259

7915

2089

17.11.13

06 a.m.

18.11.13

06 a.m.

2397

1887

3211

7495

1992

18.11.13

06 a.m.

19.11.13

06 a.m.

2516

1874

3392

7782

2082

Average

2699

1885

3369

7953

1997

Assume 50% of peak

1350

943

1685

3977

999

AADT / * Note - 1

1683

1175

Total average motorised & non motorized vehicles per day as counted

4957

12466

2427

5728

1245

1439

## (1683 +"+0 +1175 +2100 +4957 +0 +1245 +31 +1275)

AADT / * Note - 2

2100

1945

1358

## Average Annual Daily Traffic (AADT) on project

completion after 2 year

= (1945+0+1358+2427+5728+0+1439+36+1473)
PCU Equivalency
(Table 9, IRC-73 / 1980)

Total PCU

0.5

1945

4074

1214

NOTE - 1:

Average Annual Daily Traffic (AADT) as counted, e.g. for full sized Trucks
=[{943 Nos.X365 Days+3-harvesting seasonsx( 1885-943 ) nos.x(0.4x2.5months x30days )} / 365 days] Nos.=1175nos.

NOTE - 2:

Average Annual Daily Traffic (AADT) on project completion, e.g. for full sized Trucks
=[{1175 Nos. X (1+0.05) power (2-years) = 1358 nos.

NOTE - 3:

The local information transpires that after improvement of the road bus service will be provided along the road

0.5

720

## SAE (Kalinagar Section)

Basirhat Highway Sub-Division

Assistant Engineer
Basirhat Highway Sub-Division
P.W.(Rds)Dett.

14406

P.W.(Rds)Dett.

## traffic summery As per IRC- 9-1972

West Bengal
Slow Vehicle

Remarks

Others
( Agricultural Tractor
Trailors & Mini
Trucks)

Total
Col 10 to 12

12

13

56

1784

54

2139

36

2029

47

2058

51

2140

43

2035

54

2136

49

2046

25

1023

14

31

1275

36

1473

3
108

## Pavement Design As per IRC- 37- 2012

For
Name of
Work:-..........................................................................................................................................................

A)

Design Data :

i)

ii)

iii)

traffic.

:
:
2015

## 1206 commercial vehicle per day (in both diren.)

: A = P (1 + r) x
=

1206

x (1 + 0.05) power -2

1330

iv)

: 5.0%

v)

12.5 years

vi)

3.50

NH / SH

15 Year

10 Year

vii)

## Design CBR of the subgrade soil as investigated recently

B)

Design Calculation :

ii)

iv)

0 -- 150

1.5

150 -- 1500

3.5

4.5

0.50

## (for Two lane single C/W road)

Single-lane commercial vehicle in both
direction
Two-lane single C/W commercial vehicle
in both direction
Four-lane single C/W commercial
vehicle in both direction
Duel Carriageway 2 lane / 3 lane / 4
lane commercial vehicle in one direction

## : N=365x[(1+r)n-1] x AxDxF x (1/r) x 10-6

iii)
Total pavement thickness for CBR = 3.16 % and Design Traffic =
15 msa
(Intrapolated from Plate-1, Page- 26 of IRC : 37,2012)
Proposed pavement composition

365X[(1+0.05)10-1]x 1330
xVDFx1.0x(1/0.05)x10-6msa

14.28
760

msa
mm

Provide:-

Widenning

Plain/Rolling

3.16

i)

(Table :4.2,
Page-8 of
IRC:37,2012)

## 1) 300mm Jhama metal

Say,

15.00

Strengthening

Assistant Engineer
Basirhat Highway Sub-Division
P.W.(Rds)Dett.

1) 40mm thick BC
2) 75mm thick DBM & 50mm thick DBM
:
3)300mm thick WMM
Total Thickness = 765 mm

n both diren.)

e per day.

15 Year
10 Year
Hilly
0.5
1.5
2.5

L.D.F.(F)
1.00
0.50
0.40
0.75 / 0.60
/ 0.45

10-6

msa

DBM

## Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road

Flexural strength of cement Concrete M40 =
CBR of Sub-grade below 500mm GL =
Appox. Value of modulus of sub-grade reaction, K in kg/cm3
corresponding to Table-2, IRC-58-2002 =
Design life of Conc. Pavement cl-4.3, IRC-58-2002 =

45 kg/ cm2
3.16
2.8 kg/ cm3
20 years

## Temparature diffrence of top & bottom as per Table- 1, IRC-58-2002 =

16.8 deg. C
Modulas of Elasticity of concrete, E=
Poisson Ration, m =

0.15

## Effective modulas of sub grade reaction of the sub-base incl. DLC is

considered , =

8 kg/ cm3

Tyre pressure , =

8 kg / cm2

0.075

## Spacing of Contraction joint L =

500 cm

Width of slab B =

350 cm

Pavement Thickness h =

36 cm

The Axle load spectrum obtained from axle load survey of rear axle is given below:Sigle Axle loads
class, MT

%age of axle

class, MT

19-21

34-38

17-19

2.15

30-34

15-17

2.69

26-30

13-15

5.91

22-26

11-13

6.45

18-22

9-11

11.29

14-18

less than 9

71.51

less than 14

Total

100.00

Total

%age of axle

0.00

Page 13 of 33

## Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road

Design : Present traffic after completion of project A=

1330

## Cumulative number of standard axles to be catered for in

the design in terms of msa (Cl. 3.3.6.1 of IRC : 37,2001)
=

## N=365x[(1+r)n-1] x AxLane Dis x (1/r)

365X[(1+0.075)20-1]x0.50 x1330
msa

## Design Traffic considering 100% compare to 25% as there is no such

parking loat at Land Custom, vehicle are standing for two to three days
for getting clearance from customs of both the country and out of two
lane vehicle can stand at one lane and other lane is to be used for
passing goods to bangladesh or vice-varsa=

class, MT

%age of axle

class, MT

%age of axle

20

36

18

22598927

32

16

28274936

28

14

62120771

24

12

67796781

20

10

118670644

16

<10

751650819

<16

Total

1051112878

Total

Page 14 of 33

cvpd

= 10511128.78

nos

10511128.78

nos

(1/0.075)

AL X
MT
1.20(Factor of
Safety)

Stress Kg/
Cm2 from
Chart

Stress ration

Expected
repeatition,
n

7= 5 / 6

20

24

18

0.45

62790000

0.00

18

21.6

17.5

0.44

22598927

Unlilited

16

19.2

15

0.38

28274936

#VALUE!

14

16.8

13.5

0.34

62120771

#VALUE!

12

14.4

12

0.3

67796781

#VALUE!

10

12

10

0.25

118670644

#VALUE!

751650819

#VALUE!

N
Consumed

Sigle Axle

<10
Tandem Axle
36

43.2

15

0.380

#VALUE!

32

38.4

14

0.350

#VALUE!

28

33.6

12.5

0.310

#VALUE!

24

28.8

11

0.280

#VALUE!

20

24

0.230

#VALUE!

16

19.2

0.200

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

<16

## Cummulative Fatigue life consumed

The Cummulative fatigue life consumed being less than 1, Design life is safe from fatigue
consideration.
Check for Temparature stresses :Edge warping stress =

C x Ex a x t/ 2=

12.50

Where,
C= Bradbury co-efficient (Fig-2, Page- 21, IRC-58-2002)=
l= radius of relative stiffness, cm=

0.496

## {Eh3/ 12x (1-m)2 x k}^1/4

= 119

L / l=

4.2

B/l=

2.94
Total stress warping plus axle load stress=

Page 15 of 33

30.500

## Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road

Flexural strength of cement Concrete M40 =

45 kg/ cm2

3.16

## Appox. Value of modulus of sub-grade reaction, K in kg/cm3

corresponding to Table-2, IRC-58-2002 =
Design life of Conc. Pavement cl-4.3, IRC-58-2002 =

20 years

## Temparature diffrence of top & bottom as per Table- 1, IRC-58-2002 =

16.8 deg. C
Modulas of Elasticity of concrete, E=

## 300000 kg/ cm2

Poisson Ration, m =

0.15

## Effective modulas of sub grade reaction of the sub-base incl. DLC is

considered , =

8 kg/ cm3

Tyre pressure , =

8 kg / cm2

0.075

## Spacing of Contraction joint L =

500 cm

Width of slab B =

350 cm

Pavement Thickness h =

36 cm

The Axle load spectrum obtained from axle load survey of rear axle is given below:Sigle Axle loads
class, MT

%age of axle

class, MT

19-21

34-38

17-19

2.15

30-34

15-17

2.69

26-30

13-15

5.91

22-26

11-13

6.45

18-22

9-11

11.29

14-18

less than 9

71.51

less than 14

Total

100.00

Total

%age of axle

0.00

Page 16 of 33

100.00

## Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road

Design : Present traffic after completion of project A=

1330

## Cumulative number of standard axles to be catered for in

the design in terms of msa (Cl. 3.3.6.1 of IRC : 37,2001)
=

cvpd

## N=365x[(1+r)n-1] x AxLane Dis x (1/r)

365X[(1+0.075)20-1]x0.50 x1330
msa
= 10511128.78

## Design Traffic considering 50% compare to 25% as there is no such

parking loat at ......., vehicle are standing for two to three days for getting
clearance from customs of both the country and out of two lane vehicle
can stand at one lane and other lane is to be used for passing goods to

class, MT

%age of axle

class, MT

%age of axle

20

36

18

11299463

32

16

14137468

28

14

31060386

24

12

33898390

20

10

59335322

16

<10

375825410

<16

Total

525556439

Total

Page 17 of 33

5255564.39

nos

nos

(1/0.075)

AL X
MT
1.20(Factor of
Safety)

Stress Kg/
Cm2 from
Chart

Stress ration

Expected
repeatition,
n

7= 5 / 6

20

24

18

0.45

62790000

0.00

18

21.6

17.5

0.44

11299463

Unlilited

16

19.2

15

0.38

14137468

#VALUE!

14

16.8

13.5

0.34

31060386

#VALUE!

12

14.4

12

0.3

33898390

#VALUE!

10

12

10

0.25

59335322

#VALUE!

375825410

#VALUE!

N
Consumed

Sigle Axle

<10
Tandem Axle
36

43.2

15

0.380

#VALUE!

32

38.4

14

0.350

#VALUE!

28

33.6

12.5

0.310

#VALUE!

24

28.8

11

0.280

#VALUE!

20

24

0.230

#VALUE!

16

19.2

0.200

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

<16

## Cummulative Fatigue life consumed

0.00

The Cummulative fatigue life consumed being less than 1, Design life is safe from fatigue
consideration.
Check for Temparature stresses :Edge warping stress =

C x Ex a x t/ 2=

12.50

Where,
C= Bradbury co-efficient (Fig-2, Page- 21, IRC-58-2002)=
l= radius of relative stiffness, cm=

0.496

## {Eh3/ 12x (1-m)2 x k}^1/4

= 119

L / l=

4.2

B/l=

2.94
Total stress warping plus axle load stress=

Page 18 of 33

30.500

## Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road

Flexural strength of cement Concrete M40 =
CBR of Sub-grade below 500mm GL =
Appox. Value of modulus of sub-grade reaction, K in kg/cm3 corresponding
to Table-2, IRC-58-2002 =
Design life of Conc. Pavement cl-4.3, IRC-58-2002 =

40 kg/ cm2
3.16
2.8 kg/ cm3
20 years

## Temparature diffrence of top & bottom as per Table- 1, IRC-58-2002 =

16.8 deg. C
Modulas of Elasticity of concrete, E=
Poisson Ration, m =

0.15

## Effective modulas of sub grade reaction of the sub-base incl. DLC is

considered , =

8 kg/ cm3

Tyre pressure , =

8 kg / cm2

0.075

## Spacing of Contraction joint L =

500 cm

Width of slab B =

350 cm

Pavement Thickness h =

36 cm

## Load on dual wheel P =

10000 kg

The Axle load spectrum obtained from axle load survey of rear axle is given below:Sigle Axle loads (consist of
four wheel)
class, MT

%age of axle

of eight wheel)
class, MT

%age of axle

19-21

11.4

34-38

9.8

17-19

7.5

30-34

7.2

15-17

11.2

26-30

4.6

13-15

8.9

22-26

11.9

11-13

6.4

18-22

10.2

9-11

1.2

14-18

5.5

less than 9

0.9

less than 14

3.3
Page 19 of 33

Total

47.50

Total

52.50

Page 20 of 33

100.00

## Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road

Design : Present traffic after completion of project A=

1330

## Cumulative number of standard axles to be catered for in

the design in terms of msa (Cl. 3.3.6.1 of IRC : 37,2001)
=

cvpd

## N=365x[(1+r)n-1] x AxLane Dis x (1/r)

365X[(1+0.075)20-1]x0.50 x1330
= 10511128.78

## Design Traffic considering 50% compare to 25% as there is no such

parking loat at ................, vehicle are standing for two to three days for
getting clearance from customs of both the country and out of two lane
vehicle can stand at one lane and other lane is to be used for passing

class, MT

%age of axle

class, MT

%age of axle

20

59913430

36

51504527

18

39416730

32

37840061

16

58862317

28

24175594

14

46774520

24

62541212

12

33635610

20

53606753

10

6306677

16

28905602

<10

4730008

<16

17343361

Total

249639292

Total

275917110

Page 21 of 33

5255564

(1/0.075) msa
nos

nos

## Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road

AL X
MT
1.20(Factor of
Safety)

Stress Kg/
Cm2 from
Chart

Stress ration

7= 5 / 6

20

24

18

0.45

59913430

62790000

0.95

18

21.6

17.5

0.44

39416730

Unlilited

16

19.2

15

0.38

58862317

#VALUE!

14

16.8

13.5

0.34

46774520

#VALUE!

12

14.4

12

0.3

33635610

#VALUE!

10

12

10

0.25

6306677

#VALUE!

4730008

#VALUE!

Expected
Fatigue Life, Fatigue life
repeatition, n
N
Consumed

Sigle Axle

<10
Tandem Axle
36

43.2

15

0.380

51504527

#VALUE!

32

38.4

14

0.350

37840061

#VALUE!

28

33.6

12.5

0.310

24175594

#VALUE!

24

28.8

11

0.280

62541212

#VALUE!

20

24

0.230

53606753

#VALUE!

16

19.2

0.200

28905602

#VALUE!

17343361

#VALUE!

<16

## Cummulative Fatigue life consumed

0.95

The Cummulative fatigue life consumed being less than 1, Design life is safe from fatigue
consideration.
Check for Temparature stresses :Edge warping stress =

C x Ex al x t/ 2=

12.50

Where,
C= Bradbury co-efficient (Fig-2, Page- 21, IRC-58-2002)=
l= radius of relative stiffness, cm=

0.496

## {Eh3/ 12x (1-m)2 x k}^1/4

= 119

L / l=

4.2

B/l=

2.94
Total stress warping plus axle load stress=

Page 22 of 33

30.500

safe

## Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road

Check for Corner Stress :a= Radius of area of contact of wheel, Considering single axle dual wheel,
={((0.8521 x P )/ ( q X 3.14) + SX (P / (0.5227 X q))^0.50 }^ 0.50
Where P = Load in kg=

28.67

cm

10000

31

## Corner Stress = 3x P {1 - (1.41x a/ l)^0.50}/ h^2

9.66

kg / cm2

< 40 kg / cm2

hence safe

Stress calculation sample:- (Appendix- 6, IRC- 58-2002, Page- 67) Westergaard Equation:a/h=

0.7963888889

<1.724

## B=radius of equivalent distribution of pressure=

(1.6 a^2+h^2)^0.5-0.675 x h=

26.8

## Strees =0.529 P/h2 x (1+0.54m) {4log10(l/B) + log10 B-0.4048}

14.3477845876
Where, P= Design wheel load in kg = half of the single axle load or one-fourth of the tandem axle load

## Design of dowel bars :Design wheel load in kg=

40
Joint width in cm, z =
2.00
Permissible bearing stress in concrete is calculated as under =
Fb= (10.16 - b) fck /9.525
Where fck = Characteristic Compressive strength in kg / cm2=
dd = dia of dowel bar = in cm

3.2

(Assumed)

## Assume spacing between the dowel bars in cm,

ds=
First dowel bar is placed at a distance =

40

30
15

## Assume length of the dowel bars =

50

cm

Nos of dowel bars participating in load trasfer for a distance of radius of relative stiffness=
=1 + 119 / 30cm =

nos

load Px 40% = =Pt x ( 1 +(119- 30 ) /119+(119- 30x2 ) /119+(119- 30x3 ) /119+(119- 30x4 ) /119)
=Pt x
dowel bar, Pt=

2.48

1612.9

5.14

## Modulus of dowel / concrete interaction , kd =

Relative stiffness of dowel bar embedded in concrete B i=
Bearing stress of dowel bars=

41500
kdx ds x / 4 E I=

cm4
kg/ cm2
0.24

(Pt x kd x ( 2 + Bi x z) } /( 4 x Bi^3 x E x I)
292.03 which is less than 292 kg / cm2, hence OK
Page 23 of 33

## Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road

Flexural strength of cement Concrete M40 =
CBR of Sub-grade below 500mm GL =
Appox. Value of modulus of sub-grade reaction, K in kg/cm3 corresponding
to Table-2, IRC-58-2002 =
Design life of Conc. Pavement cl-4.3, IRC-58-2002 =

40 kg/ cm2
3.16
2.8 kg/ cm3
20 years

## Temparature diffrence of top & bottom as per Table- 1, IRC-58-2002 =

16.8 deg. C
Modulas of Elasticity of concrete, E=
Poisson Ration, m =

0.15

## Rate of Traffic increase , r =

8 kg/ cm3
Tyre pressure , =

8 kg / cm2

0.075

## Spacing of Contraction joint L =

500 cm

Width of slab B =

350 cm

Pavement Thickness h =

40 cm

## Load on dual wheel P =

10000 kg

The Axle load spectrum obtained from axle load survey of rear axle is given below:Sigle Axle loads (consist of
four wheel)
class, MT

%age of axle

of eight wheel)
class, MT

%age of axle

19-21

34-38

17-19

4.7

30-34

15-17

5.88

26-30

13-15

12.94

22-26

11-13

14.12

18-22

9-11

20

14-18

less than 9

42.36

less than 14

0
Page 24 of 33

Total

100.00

Total

0.00

Page 25 of 33

100.00

1857

## Cumulative number of standard axles to be catered for in

the design in terms of msa (Cl. 3.3.6.1 of IRC : 37,2001)
=

cvpd

## N=365x[(1+r)n-1] x AxLane Dis x (1/r)

365X[(1+0.075)20-1]x0.50 x1857
= 14676064.77

## Design Traffic considering 50% compare to 25% as there is no such

parking loat at ................., vehicle are standing for two to three days for
getting clearance from customs of both the country and out of two lane
vehicle can stand at one lane and other lane is to be used for passing

class, MT

%age of axle

class, MT

%age of axle

20

36

18

34488750

32

16

43147628

28

14

94954134

24

12

103613012

20

10

146760640

16

<10

310839036

<16

Total

733803200

Total

Page 26 of 33

7338032

(1/0.075) msa
nos

nos

## Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road

AL X
MT
1.20(Factor of
Safety)

Stress Kg/
Cm2 from
Chart

Stress ration

7= 5 / 6

20

24

15.45

0.39

unlimited

0.00

18

21.6

13.908

0.35

34488750

Unlilited

16

19.2

12.468

0.31

43147628

#VALUE!

14

16.8

10.812

0.27

94954134

#VALUE!

12

14.4

9.276

0.23

103613012

#VALUE!

10

12

7.968

0.2

146760640

#VALUE!

310839036

#VALUE!

Expected
Fatigue Life, Fatigue life
repeatition, n
N
Consumed

Sigle Axle

<10
Tandem Axle
36

43.2

13.908

0.350

#VALUE!

32

38.4

12.36

0.310

#VALUE!

28

33.6

10.812

0.270

#VALUE!

24

28.8

9.276

0.230

#VALUE!

20

24

7.728

0.190

#VALUE!

16

19.2

6.18

0.150

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

<16

## Cummulative Fatigue life consumed

0.00

The Cummulative fatigue life consumed being less than 1, Design life is safe from fatigue
consideration.
Check for Temparature stresses :Edge warping stress =

C x Ex al x t/ 2=

12.50

Where,
C= Bradbury co-efficient (Fig-2, Page- 21, IRC-58-2002)=
l= radius of relative stiffness, cm=

0.496

## {Eh3/ 12x (1-m)2 x k}^1/4

= 119

L / l=

4.2

B/l=

2.94
Total stress warping plus axle load stress=

Page 27 of 33

27.950

safe

## Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road

Check for Corner Stress :a= Radius of area of contact of wheel, Considering single axle dual wheel,
={((0.8521 x P )/ ( q X 3.14) + SX (P / (0.5227 X q))^0.50 }^ 0.50
Where P = Load in kg=

28.67

cm

10000

31

## Corner Stress = 3x P {1 - (1.41x a/ l)^0.50}/ h^2

7.82

kg / cm2

< 40 kg / cm2

hence safe

Stress calculation sample:- (Appendix- 6, IRC- 58-2002, Page- 67) Westergaard Equation:a/h=

0.71675

<1.724

## B=radius of equivalent distribution of pressure=

(1.6 a^2+h^2)^0.5-0.675 x h=

26.99

## Strees =0.529 P/h2 x (1+0.54m) {4log10(l/B) + log10 B-0.4048}

12.8801095444
Where, P= Design wheel load in kg = half of the single axle load or one-fourth of the tandem axle load

## Design of dowel bars :10000

40
Joint width in cm, z =
2.00
Permissible bearing stress in concrete is calculated as under =
Fb= (10.16 - b) fck /9.525
Where fck = Characteristic Compressive strength in kg / cm2=
dd = dia of dowel bar = in cm

3.2

(Assumed)

## Assume spacing between the dowel bars in cm,

ds=
First dowel bar is placed at a distance =

40

30
15

## Assume length of the dowel bars =

50

cm

Nos of dowel bars participating in load trasfer for a distance of radius of relative stiffness=
=1 + 119 / 30cm =

nos

load Px 40% = =Pt x ( 1 +(119- 30 ) /119+(119- 30x2 ) /119+(119- 30x3 ) /119+(119- 30x4 ) /119)
=Pt x
dowel bar, Pt=

2.48

1612.9

5.14

## Modulus of dowel / concrete interaction , kd =

Relative stiffness of dowel bar embedded in concrete B i=
Bearing stress of dowel bars=

41500
kdx ds x / 4 E I=

(Pt x kd x ( 2 + Bi x z) } /( 4 x Bi^3 x E x I)
Page 28 of 33

cm4
kg/ cm2
0.24

## Design of Rigid Pavement as per IRC 58-2002 for Ghojadanga Road

292.03 which is less than 292 kg / cm2, hence OK

Page 29 of 33

Pavement Design

Design Data :

Present Year :

i)

ii)

iii)

traffic.

:
:
2015

## 1206 commercial vehicle per day (in both diren

: A = P (1 + r) x
=

1206

x (1 + 0.075) power -2

1394

iv)

: 7.5%

v)

vi)

10
3.50

vii)

## Design CBR of the subgrade soil as investigated recently

: 3.159

B)

Design Calculation :

0.40

ii)

## Cumulative number of standard axles to be catered for in the

=
Total pavement thickness for CBR = 3.159 % and Design Traffic
= 10.1 msa
(Intrapolated from Plate-2, Page-30 & 31 of IRC :
37,2001)

iv)

## Proposed pavement composition :-

0 -- 150
150 -- 1500
More than
1500

Single-lane
Two-lane single C/W
Four-lane single C/W
Duel C/W

=

iii)

Com.Vehicle
Per Day

## (For Four lane road single carriageway w

two way traffic.)
(Cl. 3.3.5 of IRC :
37,2001)

i)

years

(Table :1 of
IRC:37,2001)

A)

365X[(1+0.075)10-1]x 1394
xVDFx0.40x(1/0.075)x10-6msa
10.08

msa

Say,

755 mm

:
Total pavement thickness provide 765 mm

Widenning
Strengthening

## 1) 150mm Sand Bats

2) 150mm thick Jhama metal

: 1) 40mm thick BC
2)125 mm thick DBM
2) 300mm thick WMM

Assistant Engineer
Basirhat Highway Sub-Division
P.W.(Rds)Dett.

2013

.075) power -2

Plain/Rolli
ng

Hilly

1.5

0.5

3.5

1.5

4.5

2.5

o way traffic.)

L.D.F.
(F)

Single-lane

1.00

0.75

0.40
1.5/1.2
/0.90

Duel C/W

F x (1/r) x 10-6

0-1]x 1394
075)x10-6msa
10.10

s provide 765 mm

metal

msa