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Artifact 2

Cheryl Hoskinson
Intro to Developmental Disabilities
January 19, 2015

Textbook Chapter Questions 3-6

The biomedical view is a sociopolitical model in which the disability is
the result of a physical condition that occurs within the individuals own
body that may reduce the individuals quality of life, and cause clear
disadvantage to the individual. According to chapter 3 in the book, a lot of
problems come about - due to the individuals genetic differences, and the
consequences that come about because of the differences.
The medical model tends to believe that curing or at least managing
the disability mostly or completely revolves around an in-depth clinical
diagnose at an early age. In order to understand the disability, and then
learning to control or alter the disability. The medical view also believes in a
compassionate society that invests resources in health care, and related
services to cure disabilities medically speaking, or to help the individual as
much as possible live a normal life.
The medical professions responsibility and potential in this area is
seen as central.

In 1980 the Who (World Health Organization) came up with three

definitions of disabilities which are Impairments- any loss of abnormality be
it psychological, physiological or anatomical structure or function, (2)
Disability- any restriction or lack of ability to perform a function normally,
and (3) Handicapped-disadvantage to an individual resulting from an
impairment or disability to fulfill a role normally for that individual.
The main problems with the social and human rights model is that
society has to implement it. People, who have disabilities should also be
listened to because they have a voice, and should be heard.
Page 56- #6: putting current models of care and support aside, create a
fictional system of care and support that addresses the problems and
challenges identified in this chapter. In doing so, be sure to develop ideas
that are practical, and that work in the best interests of people with
intellectual and developmental disabilities. It is a simple model treat the
individual as unique. Everyone is different and should be treated that way.
Some people with disabilities will never be able to fit into society, so the
plan to fund the families with money to support their children is awesome
and should be considered. An example of this would be my nephew Sully,
who has down-syndrome, and cant speak, my brother and sister-in-law will
take care of him the rest of his life. He does fit into society because he
attends school, and has extra-curricular activities.

Another aspect of this model is that there are individuals who would
fit perfectly into society. An example of this would be my sister-in-laws
sister who has down-syndrome, but lives in a group home in a residential
area, and maintains a job.
The main aspect of this model is that everybody is different with their
disabilities, and should be treated that way. The person with disabilities
should be given the same rights as anybody who lives in this country.
Page 67-#2 explain how people with intellectual disabilities are so often the
last in line to have their rights recognized. For so long society has cast aside
the rights and feelings of people with disabilities who they considered to be
different. They were looked upon failures in the societys structure. They
were basically placed on the back burner. Now we need to bring their issues
like education up front and take notice of people who have disabilities, and
give them the same respect we would give anybody else in regards to
programs, services, policies, and laws.
Page 67-#4 many people argue that people with intellectual disabilities can
be excluded from schools, and general education classrooms because they
learn differently even though basic education is a right for other children.
How would you frame a rights argument to counter the exclusion? The way
I would look at the situation is that a lot of disability learn more from being
part of a classroom with normal children then they do being separated due
to their disability. Children with intellectual disabilities should enjoy their

right to an education just like everybody else, they should have adequate
support, and teaching methods, and content should respond to their
particular learning style, and develop their potential. Challenge those with
disabilities because they are just like everyone else, and should be treated
that way.