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E s s e n t i a l C h e m i s t r y f o r C a m b r i d g e I G C S E 2 nd E d i t i o n

Unit 5 Chemical calculations


SUMMARY QUESTIONS:
1 (a) 200
(b) 85
(c) 102
(d) 142
(e) 342
(f) 208.5
2 Molecular; relative; formula; product; limiting; yield; actual; theoretical; amount.
3 Avogadro number the number of specified particles in one mole of particles.
Molar gas volume the volume occupied by one mole of any gas.
Limiting reagent the reagent that is not in excess.
Relative molecular mass the sum of the relative atomic masses.
4 (a) 0.015 mol
(b) 0.06 mol Fe2O3, so 0.12 mol Fe atoms
(c) 5 103 mol
(d) 0.083 mol MgCl2, so 1.67 mol Cl ions
5 (a) 7200 cm3
(b) 36 000 cm3
(c) 720 cm3
(d) 12 cm3
6 (a) 18.25 g
(b) 32.8 g
(c) 2.13 g
(d) 625.5 g
7 (a) 0.07 mol
(b) 0.04 mol
(c) 0.01 mol
(d) 4 mol
8 (a) 1 mol dm3
(b) 0.6 mol dm3
(c) 1 mol dm3
(d) 0.2 mol dm3

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E s s e n t i a l C h e m i s t r y f o r C a m b r i d g e I G C S E 2 nd E d i t i o n

PRACTICE QUESTIONS:
1 (a) Fe + 2HCl FeCl2 + H2
(b) (i) 28 g Fe 63.5 g FeCl2
7 g Fe 15.87 g / 15.9 g FeCl2
(ii) 1 g H2 from 28 g Fe
So 10 g H2 from 10 28 g Fe = 280 g Fe
2 (a) 0.05 mol
3.2
mol = 0.057 mol; reference to 1:1 ratio in equation / number of moles of
56
sulfuric acid lower than number of moles of iron.
3.2
= 0.057; moles used up = 0.05 therefore moles left = 0.057 0.05
(c) Moles of Fe =
56
= 0.007 moles Fe; mass = 56 0.007 = 0.392 g

(b) 3.2 g iron =

(d) 0.05 moles sulfuric acid produces 0.05 moles hydrogen;


0.05 24 = 1.2 dm3
(e) 0.05 moles iron(II) sulfate; = 0.05 152 = 7.6 g
3.61
(f) Yield: use of ratio
= 47.5%
7.6
3 (a) A known volume of potassium hydroxide in flask + sulfuric acid in burette (ALLOW:
reverse); indicator in flask; add acid (from burette) slowly to alkali until colour change of
indicator seen
(b) 2KOH + H2SO4 K2SO4 + 2H2O
(c) (i) 7.5 104 mol
(ii) 1.5 103 mol KOH; 0.06 mol dm3 KOH
(iii) 0.06 56 = 3.36 g
4 (a)

C
0.96
12

H
0.16
1

Cl
2.84
35.5

= 0.08

= 0.16

= 0.08

0.08
0.08

0.16
0.08

0.08
0.08

=1

=2

=1

CH2Cl
(b) CH2Cl = 49.5; molecular formula is C2H4Cl2
8.1
(c) (i) Mol methane = 0.1 mol + mol chlorine =
= 0.114 mol;
71
reference to 1:1 ratio in equation / number of moles of methane lower than number of
moles of chlorine so chlorine in excess / methane limiting.
(ii) 0.1 mol methane 0.1 mol CH3Cl; 0.1 50.5 = 5.05 g
3.79
(iii)
(use of ratio) = 75%
5.05
5.05
(d)
= 0.1 mol; 0.1 24 = 2.4 dm3
50.5

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E s s e n t i a l C h e m i s t r y f o r C a m b r i d g e I G C S E 2 nd E d i t i o n

5 (a) Moles of CaCO3 =

5
= 0.05 mol; moles HCl = 0.1 mol
100

0.1
= 200 cm3 or 0.2 dm3
0.5
35
(c) Moles of CaCO3 =
= 0.35 mol; 0.35 mol CaCO3 0.35 mol CO2 ;
100
0.35 24 = 8.4 dm3 or 8400 cm3
(d) (i) Any two of:
reaction doesnt go to completion; side reactions may occur; loss of reactants or
products by spitting of acid; loss of product on side of beaker / flask.
Actual yield
100
(ii)
Predicted yield
28
100 = 21.2%
6 (a) (i) Correct molar mass of ammonium sulfate = 132;
132
28
(ii) Correct molar mass of ammonium nitrate = 80;
100 = 35%
80
4
1
(iii)
35 +
21 = 32.2%
5
5
(b) (i) Moles nitric acid = 0.03 mol; moles ammonia = 0.03 mol; concentration of ammonia
= 0.6 mol dm3 or 0.6 mol/dm3
(ii) 10.2 g/dm3
(b) Vol =

( )
( )

) (

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