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Cuckold FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia A cuckold isthehusbandofan adulterous wife.Inevolutionary

Cuckold

FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Acuckoldisthehusbandofanadulterouswife.Inevolutionary biology,thetermisalsoappliedtomaleswhoareunwittinglyinvesting parentaleffortinoffspringthatarenotgeneticallytheirown. [1]

Contents

1 Historyoftheterm

1 Historyoftheterm

2 Metaphorandsymbolism

2 Metaphorandsymbolism

3 Cuckoldryasafetish 3.1 Theoriesinpsychology

3 Cuckoldryasafetish 3.1 Theoriesinpsychology

3 Cuckoldryasafetish 3.1 Theoriesinpsychology
4 Theoriesinevolutionarybiologyandpsychology

4 Theoriesinevolutionarybiologyandpsychology

5 Seealso

5 Seealso

6 References

6 References

7 Externallinks

7 Externallinks

Historyoftheterm

Thewordcuckoldderivesfromthecuckoobird,alludingtoitshabitof layingitseggsinotherbirds'nests. [2][3] Theassociationiscommonin medievalfolklore,literature,andiconography.

Englishusagefirstappearsabout1250inthesatiricalandpolemical

poem"TheOwlandtheNightingale"(l.1544).Thetermwasclearly

regardedasembarrassinglydirect,asevidentinJohnLydgate's"Fallof

Princes"(c.1440).Inthelate14thcentury,thetermalsoappearedin

GeoffreyChaucer's"TheMiller'sTale". [3] Shakespeare'spoetryoften referredtocuckolds,withseveralofhischaracterssuspectingtheyhad becomeone. [3]

Lookup cuckold in Wiktionary,thefree dictionary.

Lookupcuckoldin

Wiktionary,thefree

dictionary.

c.1815Frenchsatireoncuckoldry, whichshowsbothmenandwomen wearinghorns.

c.1815Frenchsatireoncuckoldry,

whichshowsbothmenandwomen

wearinghorns.

ThefemaleequivalentcuckqueanfirstappearsinEnglishliteraturein

1562,addingafemalesuffixtothecuck.Oneoften­overlookedsubtletyofthewordisthatitimpliesthatthe

husbandisdeceived,thatheisunawareofhiswife'sunfaithfulnessandmaynotknowuntilthearrivalor growthofachildplainlynothis(aswithcuckoobirds). [3]

Arelatedword,firstappearingin1520,iswittol,whichsubstituteswit(inthesenseofknowing)forthefirst

partoftheword,referringtoamanawareofandreconciledtohiswife'sinfidelity. [4]

Metaphorandsymbolism

InWesterntraditions,cuckoldshavesometimesbeendescribedas"wearingthehornsofacuckold"orjust "wearingthehorns."Thisisanallusiontothematinghabitsofstags,whoforfeittheirmateswhentheyare defeatedbyanothermale. [5] InItaly(especiallyinSouthernItaly,whereitisamajorpersonaloffence),the insultisoftenaccompaniedbythesignofthehorns.InFrench,thetermisporterdescornes,whichisusedby Molièretodescribesomeonewhoseconsorthasbeenunfaithful.InGerman,thetermis"jemandemHörner aufsetzen",or"Hörnertragen",thehusbandis"dergehörnteEhemann".RabelaiswrotetheTiersLiversof

GargantuaandPantagruelin1546,bywhichtimethesymbolofthehornswas"sowell­knownandover­used

thattheauthorcouldbarelyavoidmakingreferencetoit." [6] Molière'sL'Écoledesfemmes(1662)isthestoryof

amanwhomockscuckoldsandbecomesoneattheend.InGeoffreyChaucer'sCanterburyTales(c.1372–77),

the"TheMiller'sTale"isastorythathumorouslyexaminesthelifeofacuckold.InChineseusage,an altogetherdifferentallusionisused,whenthecuckold(orwittol)issaidtobe"戴綠帽子"(wearingthegreen

hat),whichderivesfromthesumptuarylawsusedinChinafromthe13thtothe18thcenturieswhichrequired

themalesinhouseholdswithprostitutestowraptheirheadsinagreenscarf(orlaterahat). [7]

Cuckoldryasafetish

Unlikethetraditionaldefinitionoftheterm,infetishusageacuckoldiscomplicitinhis(orher)partner'ssexual "infidelity";thewifewhoenjoyscuckoldingherhusbandisfrequentlycalledahotwifeoracuckoldressifthe manismoresubmissive. [8]

Theoriesinpsychology

Psychologyregardscuckoldfetishismasavariantofmasochism,thecuckoldderivingpleasurefrombeing humiliated. [9][10] InFreudiananalysis,cuckoldfetishismistheeroticizationofthefearsofinfidelityandof failureintheman'scompetitionforprocreationandtheaffectionoffemales.InhisbookMasochismandthe Self,psychologistRoyBaumeisteradvancedaSelfTheoryanalysisthatcuckolding(otherformsofsexual masochism)amongotherwisementallyhealthypeoplewasaformofescapism.Accordingtothistheory, cuckoldfetishistsarerelievingthemselvesofthestressoftheburdenoftheirsocialroleandescapingintoa simpler,less­expansiveposition.

Ifacouplecankeepthefantasyinthebedroom,orcometoanagreementwherebeingcuckoldedinrealitydoes notdamagetherelationship,theymaytryitoutinreality.However,theprimaryproponentofthefantasyis almostalwaystheonebeinghumiliated,orthe"cuckold":thecuckoldconvinceshislovertoparticipateinthe fantasyforthem,thoughother"cuckolds"mayprefertheirlovertoinitiatethesituationinstead.Thefetish fantasydoesnotworkatallifthecuckoldisbeinghumiliatedagainsttheirwill. [11]

Theoriesinevolutionarybiologyandpsychology

Inevolutionarybiology,thetermcuckoldisalsoappliedtomaleswhoareunwittinglyinvestingparentaleffort inoffspringthatarenotgeneticallytheirown.Asnotedabove,thetermcuckoldisderivativeofthemis­ directedparentalinvestmentofbirdswhodirectparentalinvestmenttotheeggsthatcuckoobirdshavelaidin theirnests. [1]

InhisbookSpermWars,biologistRobinBakerspeculatedthattheexcitementandstimulationofthe cuckoldingfetishemergesfromthebiologyofsexualityandtheeffectsofsexualarousalonthebrain,although itisimportanttonotetheword"cuckold"doesnotappearinhisbook.Accordingtooneofhistheories,Baker believesthatwhenamanthinksthathisfemalematemayhavebeensexualwithanotherman,themanis promptedbybiologicalurgestocopulatewiththefemaleinaneffortto"compete"withtheotherman'ssperm. BakerisalsooneofthefewproponentsofthetheoryofKillerSperm,theideathatspermcompetenotonlyfor firstaccesstotheeggbutby"attacking"othersperm.Althoughthisideaappearsfrequentlyincuckoldfetish material,veryfewbiologistssharethisview. [12][13]

Thecuckold’surgetothrust,throughintercourseormasturbation,isoftenenhancedbythepresenceofthebull,

whetherrealorfantasized.AstudybyGordonGallupandcoworkers(2003)concludedthatoneevolutionary

purposeofthethrustingmotioncharacteristicofintenseintercourseisforthepenisto“upsuck”anotherman’s semenbeforedepositingitsown. [16]

Seealso

Polyandry,marriagetopluralhusbands

References

1.StevenM.PlatekandToddK.Shackelford(Eds.),FemaleInfidelityandPaternalUncertainty:Evolutionary

PerspectivesonMaleAnti­CuckoldryTactics.CambridgeUniversityPress:NewYork,2006.

3.Williams,Janet(4July2009)."Cuckolds,HornsandOtherExplanations".BBCNews.Retrieved11February2013.

4.OxfordEnglishDictionary

5.E.CobhamBrewer1810–1897.DictionaryofPhraseandFable.1898.

6.LaGuardia,DavidP.,IntertextualMasculinityinFrenchRenaissanceLiterature,AshgatePublishing(Franham,UK

2008)p.133

7.Sommer,MatthewHarvey(2002).Sex,Law,andSocietyinLateImperialChina.Stanford:StanfordUniversityPress.

p.218.ISBN0­8047­4559­5.Retrieved2008­07­27.

8.Ley,David(2009).InsatiableWives:WomenWhoStrayandtheMenWhoLoveThem.Rowman&Littlefield.

9.AnneliRufus(Jul29,2010)."TheIntellectualSexFetish".TheDailyBeast.RetrievedAugust30,2012.

10."Cuckoldingcanalsobemixedwithothernon­monogamousrelationshiparrangementswithwhichithassubstantial

overlapsuchasswinging,openrelationships,andpolyamory.Again,itisdistinguishedfromtheseconceptsinthat cuckold’sthrillintheirpartner’sactsisspecificallymasochistic.",Betchen,StephenJ.,MagneticPartnersblogpost,

11/18/14

11.Klein,DonaldC.(1Dec1999)."Thehumiliationdynamic:Anoverview".TheJournalofPrimaryPrevention.12(2):

13.Baker,Robin(1996).SpermWars,theScienceofSex.DianeBooksPublishing.ISBN978­0­7881­6004­2.

14.Harris,CR(January2002)."Sexualandromanticjealousyinheterosexualandhomosexualadults".Psychological

Science.13(1):7–12.doi:10.1111/1467­9280.00402.PMID11892782.

15.Wolcott;Hughes(1999)."Towardsunderstandingthereasonsfordivorce".WorkingpaperNo.20.Australian

InstituteforFamilyStudies:8.

16.SusanM.Block,Ph.D.(June2,2015)."Cuckold"(PDF).Wiley­BlackwellInternationalEncyclopediaofHuman

Sexuality.RetrievedJuly3,2015.

Externallinks

Sexuality.RetrievedJuly3,2015. Externallinks Thedictionarydefinitionof cuckold atWiktionary

ThedictionarydefinitionofcuckoldatWiktionary

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