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1

He established the tobacco monopoly during the Spanish era.


a
Jose Basco
b
Rafael Izquierdo
c
Basilio Agustin
d
Francisco Rizzo
Technology ______ dramatically in the twenty-first century.
a
Was improved
b
Has improved
c
Is improved
d
Did improve
A bread and butter sandwich ________ my favorite morning snack.
a
Is
b
Has been
c
Are
d
Have been
This is a segmented worm that can be used to facilitate anticoagulation.
a
Leeches
b
Maggots
c
Earthworms
d
Bloodworms
The ______ of the story is that friendship is sacred.
a
Morale
b
Message
c
Moral
d
lesson
What are the prime factors of 273?
a
3x3x7x7
b
2x3x13
c
3x7x13
d
3x3x6x9
This is the surface of the earth between the Tropic Cancer and Arctic Circle.
a
Plane
b
Circle
c
Zone
d
Cone
Political idealists advocate ideals in politics such as justice, and fairness. Political realist have a more realist viewpoint of
politics, aptly stated by Might is right. Who among the following is more of a political realist rather than political idealist?
a
Julius Caesar
b
Mohatma Ghandi
c
Martin Luther King
d
Benigno Jr. Aquino
Even when her friends betray her, Becky bears no rancor in her heart because she is not _____.
a
Insulted
b
Embarrassed
c
Consoled
d
Bitter

10 If I _____ known you before, we could have become partners for a project.
a
Will
b
Could
c
Had
d
Have
11 These are the thin structures of cytokinesis amoeboid movement changes in the cell shape.
a
Pseudofilaments
b
Myosinfilamints
c
Microfilamints
d
Nanofilamints
12 All important factors must be considered to arrive at a sound ________.
a
Query
b
Change
c
Problem
d
Decision
13 The cause of power outage was a ______connection.
a
Lose
b
Loose
c
Lost
d
Losing
14 Virtual face-to-face communication is made possible by this software.
a
Google
b
Skype
c
Twitter
d
Facebook
15 My head is bloody, but unbowed
a
Metaphor
b
Simile
c
Alliteration
d
Hyperbole
16 The shakesperean classic saw the predicament of two lovers from warring families.
a
Hamlet and Ophelia
b
Anthony and Cleopatra
c
Ana and the King
d
Romeo and Juliet
17 If the opposite sides of a quadrilateral are equal, the figure is a _______.
a
Shambers
b
Rectangle
c
Square
d
Parallelogram
18 The proposed equipment ______within the budget of the school.
a
Are
b
Is
c
Is appearing

Are appearing

19 The Philippine Legislature has two houses: senate and House of Representatives. What term best describes this setup?
a
Bicameralism
b
Bipartisanship
c
Unicameralism
d
Co-legislative power
20 How do you call the tax imposed on all employed and practicing professionals?
a
Income Tax
b
Real estate tax
c
Community Tax
d
Inheritance Tax
21 This field with the study of how human beings behave.
a
Philosophy
b
Morality
c
Psychology
d
Ethics
22 Which of the following is considered the lowest form of learning?
a
Perceiving
b
Responding
c
Conditioning
d
Teaching
23 Reason must be used in understanding the existence of God. Who advocated this philosophy?
a
St. Benedict
b
St. Peter
c
St. John
d
St. Thomas Aquinas
24 If the principles and theories of human behavior were to be applied to teaching and learning. The field will be called ______.
a
Educational Theory
b
Educational Philosophy
c
Educational Psychology
d
Educational Sociology
25 In July 1901, Isabelo delos Reyes founded the first labor union in the country. What was its name?
a
Association of the Philippine Labor
b
Union Obrera Democratica
c
Union Trabajadores de Filipinos
d
Association De Compania Tabacalera
26 The Philippine lies in the _____, an area where volcanoes are active.
a
Archipelagic fault line
b
Ring of fire
c
Wheel of fire
d
Volcanic Rim
27 During the June 12, 1898 Declaration of Independence, a band played the Marcha Nacional Filipino What band was this?
a
Pangkatkawayang ng Pateros
b
Kawit Cavite Band
c
Malabon Band
d
San Francisco de Malabon
28 This is modern technologys response to message previously sent over couriers or post offices
a
E-shopping
b
E-Registry
c
E-Mail
d
Frailocracia
29 Among the not-easily-observable skills are cognitive abilities. This is because they are _______.
a
Overt
b
Psychological
c
Hidden
d
Mental
30 Among all the religious missionaries, who arrived first?
a
Dominicans
b
Franciscans
c
Jesuits
d
Augustinians
31 What is the LCM of 5,2, and 7?
a
35
b
140
c
15
d
70
32 My concept of inner peace came from my mothers daily activities which I now recall with fondness and awe. She was a
full-time housewife wholly dependent on my fathers monthly salary. How she made both ends meet, guided us in our
studies and did small acts of charity on the side was beyond me. Based on the recount, the mothers financial resource
were ______
a
More than enough
b
Abundant
c
Enough
d
Limited
33 I am a retired public school teacher. As a teacher, I was branded as a terror in school. The pupils dreaded the day they
would enter my class. Little did they know that behind my unpopular faade was a heart full of compassion. But how did I
learn this moniker? I did not tolerate dirty pupils in my class. I wanted them to know that cleanliness of body was good of
their health. I inspected their teeth, nails, footwear, handkerchiefs, clothes, ears, noses and hair.
Based on the recount, the teacher values __________
a
Cleanliness
b
Study
c
Absence
d
Posture
34 The students request to reset the test ______ reasonable.
a
Will
b
Very
c
Are
d
is
35 This person served as the brains behind the arena theater

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37

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40

41

42

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44

45

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48

49

50

51

a
Carpio
b
Tinio
c
Montano
d
Avellana
Ano ang tawag sa tatlong magkaka sunod na tuldok na ginagamit upang ipabatid na may bahaging hindi sinipi mula sa
talata?
a
Ellipsis
b
Abstrak
c
Synopsis
d
Sisntesis
Ito ang humahadlang sa maayos na pakikinig.
a
Ingay
b
Okasyon
c
Oras
d
Salita
Kung bibilangin ang pantig sa bawat taludtod ng tula, ito ang makukuha.
a
Talinghaga
b
Kariktan
c
Tugma
d
Sukat
Ito ay uri ng pangungusap na tumutukoy sa pangyayaring pangkalikasan o pangkapaligiran.
a
Temporal
b
Eksistensyal
c
Penomenal
d
Modal
What do you think will mostly happen when a plant cell is placed in a hypotonic solution?
a
There will be no effect on the plant cell
b
The plant cell will swell
c
The plant cell will shrivel
d
The cell wall of the plant cell will thicken
A toothpick can float on the surface of the water because of
a
Surface tension
b
Viscosity
c
Buoyant force
d
Liquid pressure
Which of the following organisms is considered heterotophic?
a
Algae
b
Moss
c
Grasshopper
d
Fern
Below are different sources of energy. Which do you think is the most DISADVANTAGEOUS because of its possible threat to
human sources of food?
a
Geo-Thermal
b
Sun
c
Wind
d
Fauna
The prodigal son, who is the black sheep of the family, has returned home. What figure of speech was used in the given
statement?
a
Metaphor
b
Simile
c
Irony
d
Oxymoron
Anong dulog pampanitikan ang kilala rin sa tawag bilang reader-response theory?
a
Antropolohiya
b
Impresyonista
c
Patalambuhay
d
Pansikolohiya
Ano ang tinataglay ng mga sumusunod na salita: tanaw, aliw, kamay, reyna?
a
Diptonggo
b
Pares minimal
c
Klaster
d
Ponema
What do you call the molecule that contains the genetic information of the organism?
a
Nucleic Acid
b
Nucleolus
c
Ribosomes
d
Organelles
Which power of the state enables it to impose charge of burden upon persons, property or property rights for the use and
support of the government expenditures for social services and a way of revenue collection?
a
Eminent domain
b
Expropriation
c
Value added tax
d
Taxation
What was the first term given by Marcelo H. Del Pilar to the notorious invisible influence and domination by Spanish
religious priests over the colonial government.
a
Lassuertpartidas
b
Pase Region
c
Frailocracia
d
Complace
The fundamental right invoked by filing the writ of amparo is _____
a
The right to self defense
b
The right to due process
c
The right to life, liberty and security
d
The right to be defended by a public attorney
What does a professional code of conduct prescribe?
a
Civic conduct for all
b
Professional traditions and mores
c
Moral and ethical standards
d
Stricter implementation of laws

52 Which is true of Metalloids?


a
Have properties of both metals and non metals
b
Conduct electricity better than metals
c
Conduct heat better metals
d
Conduct heat and electricity less effective than non-metals
53 When a plant cell placed in a hypertonic solution.
a
The plant cell will expand
b
The plant cell will rupture
c
The plant cell will shrink
d
There will be no effect on the plant cell
54 How will genetic drift affect the population of rabbits that are living in a stable habitat with no changes in the
environment?
a
It will increase the population of the rabbits
b
It will decrease the genetic variation of the rabbits
c
It will develop the dominance and superior traits of the rabbits
d
It will enhance the appearance of new traits of the rabbits
55 All of the following are autorophs, except ________
a
Fern
b
Grasshopper
c
Herb
d
Grass
56 Uri ng pananalita na nagsasaad ng kilos o galaw.
a
Pandiwa
b
Panguri
c
Pangngalan
d
Panghalip
57 Sinong Pilipinong manunulat ang tinaguriang Huseng Sisiw
a
Jose Dela Cruz
b
Jose Corazon De Jesus
c
Jose Garcia Villa
d
Francisco Baltazar
ANSWER AND RATIONALE
PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
EXAM DRILL VIII
SEPT. 2011
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.
8.

Which of the following guidelines on questioning


techniques is NOT pedagogically sound?
a. Allow for one-minute wait-time
b. Rather that emphasizing a right answer, teachers
should use questions that stimulate higher cognitive
achievements.
c. It is better to be unpredictable in calling on students
to answer questions that to follow a predictable
order
d. Vary the length and difficulty of questions
Which of the following reasons for measuring student
achievement is NOT valid?
a. To motivate students to learn and master the
materials they think will be covered by the
achievement test.
b. To prepare feedback on the effectiveness of the
learning process
c. To certify that students have attained a level of
competence in a subject area
d. To discourage students from cheating during test
and getting high scores
Joey is busy with his rubberbands so he is not paying full
attention to Ms. Cruz. Ms. Cruz looks at him and
communicates with her eyes in her desire to make Joey
pay attention. Which influence technique does Ms. Cruz
employ?
a. Interest boosting
c. Proximity control
b. Signal interference
d. Antiseptic bouncing
Through the enactment of Republic Act 7836, the
regulation and licensing of teachers is now with the.
a. Professional Regulation Commission
b. Commission on Higher Education
c. Department of Education, Culture, and Sports
d. Civil Service Commission
According to Estanislao, like water in a dam, our lives
become stagnant and putrid, what does this imply?
a. We must slow down; avoid hurrying; it makes waste
b. Our lives should be transparent like water
c. The meaningful way to spend life is to spend life on
others, with others, for others
d. Keep your goodness to yourself
Which characterizes the perfectionist type of student?
a. Often anxious, fearful, or frustrated about quality
work
b. Does not volunteer or initiate
c. Gives up easily
d. Rarely completes tasks
Who among the following believed that democracy
thrives by education?
a. Russel
b. Adler c. Whitehead
d. Deway
Which among the measures of central tendency is most
influenced by extreme scores?
a. Mean
c. Median

b.
9.

Median and meand. Mode

The Oriental thought which teachers that one must


engage himself in meditation and reflection in order to
realize the union of self with the Great self is.
a. Hinduism
c. Taoism
b. Confucianism
d. Buddhism
10. Attachment to the things of this world prevents one from
uniting with the Universal Self. This is a teaching of.
a. Buddhism
c. Hinduism
b. Judaism
d. Taoism
11. Which of the following classroom management practices
contradicts Abraham H. Maslows hierarchy of needs?
Teachers must.
a. Scold a hungry student for his lack of attention
b. Believe in their students
c. Criticize the misbehavior not the student who
misbehaves
d. Structure the classroom environment to make it
supportive
12. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE with
respect to physical force or violence?
a. One can resist violence by withholding consent
b. Violence can eliminate freedom
c. Withholding consent despite physical force is
enough to save ones moral integrity
d. Violence can weaken power of choice
13. Self-rating and a follow up conference with teacher
benefit both teacher and student. The following are
benefits for the student, EXCEPT:
a. Helps the student develop increased skill in selfassessment
b. Helps the student diagnose his particular strengths
and weaknesses
c. Helps the student recognize his progress toward the
instructional objectives
d. Heighten students defensiveness
14. An entering student in college would like to determine
which vocation is best suited for him. Which of the
following tests is most appropriate for his purpose?
a. Aptitude test
c. Intelligence test
b. Readiness test d. Achievement test
15. Martin Bubers dialogic principle refers to all of the
following EXCEPT:
a. Communal life without private property
b. Mutuality of life, love, faith, hope among men
c. Communal living growing out of the closeness of
people
d. Direct life-relations between men and women
16. Identify statement that describes the development of
boys and girls?
a. Girls
get
their
greatest
satisfaction
from
interpersonal relationships while boys get greatest
satisfaction from achievement
b. The growth spurt of boys come earlier than that of
girls
c. Boys mature earlier than girls
d. Boys growth continues longer than girls

17. Which technique(s) enable(s) a teacher to identify and


eventually assist students with interpersonal difficulties?
a. Personal inventory
c. Sociogram
b. Cumulative records d. Anecdotal record
18. Which of the following may NOT be adequately assessed
by paper-and-pencil tests?
a. Multiplication skills in math
b. Vocabulary
c. Sight reading in Music
d. Subject-verb agreement
19. There will be harmony in society if the five basic
relationships that make up society are lived correctly.
This thought was espoused by.
a. Buddha
c. Mohammad
b. Kung-fu-tzu
d. Lao tzu
20. Teachers and students can participate in these levels of
computer use. Give the order of computer use simplest
to complex?
a. Computer literacy, computer competency, computer
expertise
b. Computer
competency,
computer
literacy,
competency expertise
c. Computer
competency,
computer
expertise,
computer literacy
d. Computer literacy, computer expertise, computer
competency
21. In a Parent-Teacher Community Association meeting,
Mrs. Espina, the Second Year Class Adviser, wants to
appeal to the parents for their understanding and
support of their teenage sons and daugthers. She
reminded them of some common effects of puberty.
Which one did she NOT say? Teenagers.
a. Tend to be bored with school work with social
activities and with life in general.
b. Feel inadequate and insecure as a result of rapid
growth during puberty.
c. Are very caring and self-forgetful
d. Tend to be tired, listless and irritable
22. Ramil convinces his classmates not to cut classes
because of punishment that goes with it. In what level of
Kohlbergs development is Ramil?
a. Post conventional
b. Conventional
c. Between conventional
and post conventional
morality
d. Pre-conventional morality
23. Teacher B tells the misbehaving student: You are
spoiling it for the rest of your classmate. What
disciplinary technique is this?
a. Interest boosting c. Antiseptic bouncing
b. Direct appeal
d. Restructuring
24. Kant once taught: Reflection without action is empty;
action without reflection is blind. This teaching supports
schools practice of.
a. Re-visiting vision-mission statements
b. Selective admission
c. Giving reliable examinations
d. Requiring teachers lesson plan
25. The Filipino character reveals weaknesses like the
following EXCEPT ONE.
a. Colonial mentality
b.
Extreme family centeredness
c. Extreme personalism
d. Solidarity
26. Which one is considered the brain of the
microcomputer?
a. Keyboard
c. Video screen
b. CPU
d. Software
27. Miss Milanes feels offended by her supervisors
unfavorable comments after a classroom supervision.
Miss Milanes concludes that her supervisor does not like
her. Which Filipino trait is demonstrated by Miss Milanes?
a.
Superficial religiousity
b.
Kanya-kanya syndrome
c.
Extreme family-centeredness
d.
Extreme personalism
28. The following are non-verbal praises that can accentuate
the positive in class for effective class management
EXCEPT one:
a. Thumbs-up signal
b. Winking
c. Raising of eyebrows
d.
Shaking head
29. A teachers quarrel with a parent makes her prejudiced
or biased against the parents child. The teachers
unfavorable treatment of the is an influence of what
Filipino trait?
a. Extreme family centeredness
b. Lack of self-reflection
c. Extreme personalism
d. Colonial mentality

30. Who of the following argued that the way to deinstitutionalize society is to first de-school it?
a. Spencer
c. Herbart
b. Luther
d. Iilich
31. According to Eric Erikson, the middle adult years are
characterized by the conflict between.
a. Industry and despondency
b. Generativity and stagnation
c. Intimacy and isolation
d. Integrity and despair
32. The Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers covers all
the following EXCEPT:
a. Industrial arts or vocational person
b. All
persons
performing
supervisory
and/or
administrative functions in all school in all levels
c. All public and private school teachers in all
educational institutions at the
preschool,
elementary and secondary whether academic,
vocational, special, technical or non-formal whether
full time or part time
d. Instructors and professors in the tertiary level
33. Suffering has a redemptive value. Therefore embrace
those sufferings which you cannot avoid. This teaching
is.
a. Christian
c. Buddhist
b. Hindu
d. Muslim
34. A group activity wherein one group representative
presents the output to the bigger group rather than
individual pupils presenting the output is known as.
a. Jury trial
c. Composite report
b. Consensus decision d. Agenda
35. Which type of test usually comes before diagnostic test?
a. Prognostic test
c. Aptitude test
b. Preference test d. Achievement test
36. Assuming that the following are possible, which activity
will be most appropriate if a teacher wants to have a
first-hand knowledge of a marine community
a. Viewing exhibits
c. Education trip
b. Film viewing
d. Still pictures
37. Which tests are given during instruction?
a. Readiness and placement tests
b. Formative and summative tests
c. Formative and diagnostic tests
d. Diagnostic and summative tests
38. The alternative learning delivery systems used
throughout
the
country
have
the
following
characteristics EXCEPT one:
a. They are non-formal
b. They require linkage of
c. They are indigenous
d. They stick to traditional schooling
39. Which one can NOT alleviate personal stress?
a. Use relaxation techniques
b. Keep the problem to yourself
c. Be nice to yourself
d. Try a totally new experience
40. From the Household and School Matching Survey (HSMS)
conducted in 1982 it was found out that school factors
have less influence on learning when compared to
community and home background variables. Which is
one implication of this finding.
a. DECS must create more teacher items
b. The school must focus on mastery learning
c. DECS should work for 1:1 child-book ratio
d. The school needs to strengthen its partnership with
parents and community
41. Nasciella would like to engage in a business with
garments for children. She conducts a feasibility study to
determine the quantity of each of the different sizes of
girls dresses. Which of the following tools is the most
appropriate for the purpose?
a. The mode
c. The median
b. The mean
d. The variance
42. Which of the following group activities provides an open
environment in which group members can discuss their
opinions without being judged as wrong?
a. Panel b. Forum
c. Buzz session d. Philips 66
43. In the value clarification approach which may a teacher
NOT do?
a. To pas judgement on students values
b. To listen to his/her students share what they value
c. To help students know what they really value
d. To share his/her own values
44. A common behavior of Filipino students is recording
verbatim what the teacher says and giving this back
little processing. This can be an effect of which. Filipino
trait?
Lack of initiative c. Authoritarianis
Colonial mentality
d. Lack of discipline
45. Results of NEAT and NSAT for the past years show that
achievement was highest in.

a. Science
b. Heograpiya, Kasaysayan at Sibika
c. English
d. Filipino
46. In the formulation of classroom regulations, which of the
following should a teacher refrain from doing?
a. Teacher and the class should make as make as
many regulations as possible
b. State classroom regulation as clearly as possible
c. Enforce classroom regulations consistently and
fairly
d. Enlist student aid in the formulation of classroom
regulation
47. The directions of a test are made simple, clear, and
concise. Which of the characteristic of good test does
this illustrate?
a. Scorability
c. Administrability
b. Economy
d. Objectivity
48. The following are characteristics of a self-disciplined
individual EXCEPT ONE.
a. Makes good use of his/her freedom
b. Decides rationally
c. Acts impulsively
d. Takes responsibility for his/her actions
49. The view that ones culture is better than those of others
is called.
a. Cultural relativism c. Ethnocentrism
b. Ethical relativism d. Xenocentrism
50. Which is the least authentic mode of assessment?
a. Experiments in science to assess skill in the use of
scientific method
b. Oral performance to assess students spoken
communication skills
c. Paper-and-pencil test in vocabulary
d. Artistic production for music or art subject
51. Which is unethical on the part of professional teacher?
a. Does not know the terms and conditions of his/her
employment
b. Prepares fully for the teaching career
c. Lives up to his contract
d. Engages himself/herself in a continuing selfimprovement
52. Zero standard deviation means that.
a. More than 50% of the score obtained is zero
b. 50% of the scores obtain is zero
c. The students score are the same
d.
Less than 50% of the scores obtained is zero
53. The Code of Ethics for teachers covers the following
EXCEPT.
a. All teachers from pre-school to secondary whether
academic, vocational, technical or non-formal
b. All public school teachers
c. All private schools teachers
d. All college instructors
54. Roy is a senior student with a keen sense of what he can
do and cannot do. Based on Gardners multiple
intelligence theory in which intelligence is Roy high?
a. Intrapersonal intelligence
b. Logical-mathematical intelligence
c. Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence
d. Interpersonal intelligence
55. One basic element in cooperative learning is positive
interdependence. Which one correctly explains what
positive interdependence means?
a. Each student must communicate effectively
b. Students must feel they are responsible for their
own learning and other members of the group
c. Each student must be held accountable for mastery
of the assigned work
d. Students must work together to resolves conflicts
56. A teacher fails to listen to what a poor performing pupil
says because of teachers bias to pupil. Which Filipino
trait is illustrated in this case.
a. Extreme personalism
b. Extreme family-centeredness
c. Passivity
d. Lack of reflection
57. In what period of a child is physical growth fastest?
a. Early adolescence
b. Prenatal period and early adolescence
c. Prenatal period
d. Early childhood
58. Which practice should schools NOT do to make grades
comparable?
a. Determine the weight that each grading factor
should receive
b. Use a common conversion table for translating test
scores into ratings
c. Put an end to constructing departmentalized
examinations

d.
59.

60.

61.

62.
63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

71.

72.
73.

74.

75.

Arrive at a consensus regarding factors to be


included in a grade for a particular subject
Ericksons eight stages of human growth include all of
the following EXCEPT.
a. Intimacy versus isolation
b. Basic trust versus mistrust
c. Parental dependence versus individuality
d. Initiative versus guilt
A student is bored and is restless. Teacher looks for an
opportunity to incorporate athletics into the discussions
because it is the students interest. What is this
disciplinary technique called?
a. Direct appear
c. Hurdle lessons
b. Interest boosting d. Humor
My right ends where the right of the other begins.
This implies that.
a. Rights are inalienable
b. The exercise of human rights is limitless
c. Right is inviolable
d. Rights are not absolute
Which does not belong to the group?
a. Magnetic board c. Flannel board
b. Bulletin board
d. Chalkboard
How does fear affect the voluntariness of an act?
a. Lessens but not destroy voluntariness
b. Makes the act involuntary
c. Increases voluntariness
d. No effect at all
Monarchies, aristocracies, tyrannies and oligarchies
have all of the following characteristics, EXCEPT:
a. Ruler is determined by hereditary succession
b. Citizens vote in elections
c. Citizens do not have any direct role in policy
making
d. Citizens are not organized into political parties
Educational institutions are mandated by the Philippines
Constitution to inculcate the following, EXCEPT:
Love of humanity
Respect for human rights
Love of education
Patriotism and nationalism
A group of people asserts that their culture is superior to
another. This exemplifies.
a. Cultural conflict c. Ethnocentrism
b. Cultural gap
d. Norm conflict
Bernadette enjoys games like scrabble, anagrams, and
password. Which type of intelligence is strong in
Bernadette?
a.
Spatial intelligence
b.
Linguistic intelligence
c.
interpersonal intelligence
d.
Logical-mathematical intelligence
The American moral philosopher who popularized the
ethical principle that the rightness or wrongness of an
act depends on the situation was.
a. Charles Pierce
c. William James
b. John Dewey
d. Joseph Fletcher
It has been found out that the more parents talk to their
pre-school age children learn to talk. This shows that.
a. Development occurs as a result of maturation
b. Development is aided by stimulation
c. There are social expectations for every stage of
development
d. Pre-school age as a developmental stage has its
hazards
In Krathwols taxonomy of objectives in the affective
domain, the highest levels concerned with.
a. Valuing
c. Characterization
b. Receiving d. Responding
In the original estate of nature, people were
uncorrupted. It is the artificialities of society that corrupt
people. This was taught by.
a. Locke
c. Rousseau
b. Lao izu
d. Confucius
Who will benefit from Braille numbers in elevators?
a. The gifted
c. The mute
b. The deaf
d. The blind
Which computer seems to have the most potential for
the classroom?
a. Minicomputer
c. LPC
b. Mainframe computer
d. Microcomputer
Marking on a normative basis means that.
a. Grades show how a student achieved relative to
other students
b. Fever students must get high marks
c. Some students must fail
d. The normal curve of distribution should be followed
A teacher notices glaring mispronunciation of vowel
sounds among her students necessitating more practice.
Which of the following activities would be a most help?
a. Review
c. Assignments

b. Dictionary use
d. Drill
76. A test consists of a graph showing the relationship
between age and population. Following it is a series of
true items based on the graph. Which type of test does
this illustrate?
a. Interpretative
c. Problem solving
b. Laboratory exercise d. Performance
77. Which of the following works against personal or
national disciple?
a. Campaigning against overspending during elections
b. Recognizing model behavior of public servants
c. Exerting more pressure on punishment of
wrongdoing of public servant
d. Engaging in ghost writing for theses/dissertations
78. As Filipinos, our senses of humor is sometimes inimical
to our growth and development persons and as a nation
because with this trait we tend to.
a. Take things personally
b. Take serious matters lightly
c. Escape from our responsibility
d. Wait for others to tell us what to do
79. The limitations to the exercise of a persons right must
be determined by law. These limitations have the
following purposes EXCEPT:
a. To meet the requirements of morality and public
order
b. To promote the general welfare in a democratic
society
c. To secure due recognition of the rights of others
d. To enforce the will of an autocratic leader
80. An individual may be said to value his family in the
following instances, EXCEPT when.
a. He spends mostly for things needed in the home
b. He spends quality time with his family
c. He spends a lot of time with friends
d. He works hard to a bigger take home pay
81. Which curricular moved to strengthen spiritual and
ethical values?
a. Re-introducing Science as a subject in Grade I
b. Integration of creative thinking in all subjects
c. Reducing the number of subject areas into the skill
subjects
d. Introduction of Value Education as a separate
subject area
82. In line with the strengthening of ethical and spiritual
values, religious instruction shall take place in the public
schools with the following condition, EXCEPT one.
a. The government shoulders the expenses for such
teaching
b. Parents/guardians express their desire in writing
that children/wards be taught religion in school
c. It is optional
d. The instructors must be designated or approved by
the religious authorities of the religion to which
children/wards belong.
83. Educators claim that because of the revolution in
technology, which literacy is the fundamental as the
3Rs?
a. Computer literacy c. Rational thinking
b. Right conduct
d. Functional literacy

a.
b.
c.
d.

84. The Filipino tendency to resort to the easy way out from
a term paper as accurate requirement by hiring a ghost
writer or by passing a photocopied term paper, presents
which Filipino trait?
Lack of discipline c. Ambivalence
Anticipation
d. Pakikisama
85. In the determination of ones responsibility over his
actions the following should be considered, EXCEPT.
Feelings
c. Knowledge
Freedom
d. Voluntariness
86. Education is a means to upward mobility. DECS reaches
out to every school child even in remote places where
the number of pupils does not warrant the creation of a
regular class. DECS does this through the.
Teacher-Child-Parent Approach
Non-Formal Education Program
Drop-out Intervention Program
Mobile Teaching Program
87. Which storage device is significantly more efficient in
holding information?
a. Floppy disk
c. Software
b. Hard disk
d. Audio cassette
88. No pain, no gain, This means that.
a. One should look for suffering to save himself/herself
b. Only those willing to carry the crosses that life
impose can share the joy of life
c. One should be a penitent every good Friday by
carrying his cross

d.

The more suffering in his life, the more one is


assured of heaven
89. Which of these may be used by teachers to provide
students opportunities for meeting their needs and other
areas of concern?
a. Problem checklists
b. Personal inventories
c. Educational occupational information
d. Tests
90. Which thrust on value formation is meant to help the
students make use of their legibility thinking and
scientific investigation to decide on topics and questions
about values?
a. Value clarification c. Moral development
b. Analysis
d. Value inculcation
91. Nicolle is 9
years of age.
Following Piagets
development theory at what stage of development is
she?
a. Preoperational c. Concrete operational
b. Sensorimotor
d. Formal operational
92. Robert Hutchins argued that education should cultivate
the intellect as well as the harmonious development of
all human faculties. Since human nature is rational
knowledge resides in an unchanging, absolute, and
universal truths. Hutchins is more of a.
a. A progressivist c. A reconstructionist
b. A perennialist
d. An essentialist
93. Teacher D observed one of her pupils to be exceptionally
quiet and staring out the window. At the end of the
period the teacher wrote down the behavior of the pupil
on that day added her own interpretation of the
observed behavior. What form did the teacher
accomplish?
a. Sociometric form
b. Anecdotal record
c. Interest inventory
d. Observation notes
94. The following holds true to the discovery method
EXCEPT ONE.
a. It applies previously learned skills and content
b. It is an inductive exercise
c. It requires careful observation and systematic
research
d. It requires the learner to perceive something that he
has already known before.
95. Which trait is shown by a father who spends his earnings
on his favorite food, drinks, movies, clothings, and
barkada?
a. Considerate
c. Practical
b. Selfish and irresponsible d. Conscientious
96. The philosophers that maintain that truth exists in an
objective order that is independent of the knower are
the.
a. Pragmatists
c. Existentialists
b. Idealists
d. Realists
97. The cephalocaudal law of developmental direction
states that development.
a. Spreads outward from the extremities to the center
b. Spreads outward from the central axis of the body
to the extremities
c. Spreads over the body from the foot to the head
d. Spreads over the body from head to foot
98. How do you call an achievement test in which scores are
interpreted in terms of relative ranking within a defined
comparable group?
a. Proficiency test
b. Norm-reference test
c. Diagnostic test
d. Criterion-reference test
99. Who of the following will trust least the senses as a
source of knowledge?
a. Idealists
c. Existentialists
b. Realists
d. Pragmatists
100.The following are four levels of computer use. You are
able to use the computer as a tool for particular
purposes. In what level are you?
a. Computer hacker c. Computer literacy
b. Computer expertise
d. Computer competency
101.Juan is expert at pickpocketing. He does his
pickpocketing in the market along sidewalks and in
church. The pickpocketing he does in a crowded Catholic
Church is more serious than that in the market and
sidewalks because.
a. He takes advantage of people in prayer
b. He flagrantly disregards religion
c. He commits act in a public place
d. He is not Catholic but enters a Catholic Church
102.The following are moves of the government to
democratize access to education and training
opportunities, EXCEPT one.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Employment of para-teachers
Opening of barangay high schools
In-service training for teachers
Implementation
of
Philippines
Placement Test

Equivalency

103.A teacher who equates authority with power usually


does the following EXCEPT:
a. Shames
b. Retaliates
c. Develops self-respect in every pupil
d. Intimidates
104.Based on the Code of Ethics for teachers, which
teachers practice is unethical?
a. Giving due credit for the work of others
b. Continuing professional education
c. Manifesting pride in his/her profession
d. Proselyting in the classroom
105.From the results of a Math achievement test, Teacher Z
noticed that a number of students failed to get the items
on fraction. Which one should the teacher do next to
help pupils concerned?
a. Conduct remedial teaching
b. Confer with the parents of the children concerned
ask for their help
c. Prepare and administer diagnostic test
d. Revise test items
106.To enhance quality, efficiency, and access to elementary
education, the New Elementary School Curriculum took
effect in June, 1983. Which is NOT a feature of NESC?
a. Congested curriculum
b. Emphasis on mastery learning
c. Strong emphasis on the three rs
d. Emphasis on values education
107.Which type of test is least useful in educational
diagnosis?
a. Multiple choice item c. Matching item
b. True-false item d. Short answer item
108.Which of the following is assumed under the doctrine of
IN LOCO PARENTIS?
a. That students are not yet ready to handle full adult
responsibility
b. That parents have the primary duty to educate their
children
c. That students are prone to commit infractions of
disciplinary conduct
d. That students should be under parents monitory
and control
109. Which is NOT a positive verbal praise term?
a. Terrible
c. Fantastic
b. Wonderful
d. Splendid
110. Which statement correctly applies to panel discussions?
a. The teacher decides on the topic
b. Requires previous research or study
c. Are spontaneously generated
d. Require simple skills on the part of the students
111. Which guidelines should be observed for effective
behavior modification?
a. Do not use group pressure
b. Use the same reinforcer for each class member
c. Work on a behavior at a time
d. Never use negative reinforcement

a.
b.

112. For effective classroom management which one should


be avoided?
a. Stick to classroom regulation consistently
b. Use classroom regulation to establish classroom
routine
c. Involve students in the formulation of classroom
regulation
d. Make as many regulations as you can
113. In a microcomputer system the actual machine itself is
called the.
CPU
c. Hardware
Software
d. Peripheral
114. Which does an expanded score distribution imply?
a. A comparatively uniform set of scores
b. A comparatively homogeneous score distribution
c. A comparatively higher standard deviation
d. A comparatively lower standard deviation
115. Which interactive teaching should be AVOIDED?
a. Using multiple-response strategy
b. Using put-down strategy
c. Asking more divergent questions
d. Asking more evaluative questions
116. Under what developmental stages does the average
high school student fall?
a. Late childhood, pre-adolescence, adolescence
b. Adolescence and early childhood
c. Late childhood and pre-adolescence
d. Pre-adolescence and adolescence

117. While teacher N teaches, she moves from general


statements to particular instances and application.
He/she is engaged in.
a. Deductive logic c. Inductive logic
b. Intuition
d. Philosophical analysis
118. Teacher C wants to develop in his pupils the skill to
organize ideas. Which activity will fit?
a. Simulation
c. Brainstorming
b. Game
d. Concept mapping
119. Which was William James pragmatic thought?
a. Morality is for persons
b. What is right or wrong depends on the situation
c. Something is true if it works
d. Everything in this world is tentative, a series of
means and ends
120. The Third Elementary Education Project is intended to
uplift the plight of.
a. 26 SRA provinces in the Philippines
b. The depressed, deprived, and undeserved areas in
Mindanao
c. 20 poorest of the poor provinces in the Philippines
d. The Cordillera Administrative Region
121. Which of the following can computer NOT do as an
information processor?
a. Analyze tests and test items
b. Score test and other relevant information on one or
many pupils
c.
Interpret test results
d.
Create test data files
122. The process whereby a culture is transmitted from
members of one society to another is called.
a. Integration
c. Acculturation
b. Assimilation
d. Enculturation
123. Teacher D wants to develop moral reasoning among her
pupils. Which one should he/she employ?
a. Concept mapping
c. Games
b. Conflict stories d. Simulation
124. The Eastern philosophy which asserts that ones duty is
to achieve self-annihilation and absorption with the
Great Self is.
a. Hinduism
c. Buddhism
b. Taoism
d. Confucianism
125. Which is the first step in planning for an achievement
test?
a. Decide on the length of the test
b. Define the instructional objectives
c. Select the types of test items to use
d. Build a table of specification
126. In what situation may a teacher NOT repeat a question?
a. When a teacher is dictating a question
b. When a teacher is in a large room with poor
acoustics
c. When an inattentive student fails to get the
question
d. the question is multi-faceted
127. The western thinker who emphasized the God-man
relationship and the role of reason, the supreme faculty
of man, in morality was.
a. Thomas Hobbes c. St. Augustine
b. Thomas Aquinas d. Aristotle
128. Schools appear to be neutral but they serve the
growing elite. Schools should serve the cause of
liberation. Whose educational thoughts were these?
a. Paolo Freire
c. Ivan Illich
b. John Locke
d. Paul Goodman
129. Which is NOT a characteristic behavior of teachers who
equate true authority with power?
a. They antagonize others
b. They provoke others
c. They dominate others
d. They develop self-respect in the individual
130. Which developmental stage is claimed by psychologists
to be the troublesome stage gang age, the age of
conformity or the age of creativity?
a. Late childhood
c. Early adulthood
b.
Early childhood
d. Adolescence
131. Suffering is caused by selfish desires. Whose teaching
was this?
a
a. Lao tzus c. Muhammads
b
b. Confucius d. Buddhas
132. The following are traits of the professional teaching
EXCEPT:
a. Halfhearted preparation for the teaching care
b. Devotion to duty
c. Intellectual leadership
d. Continuing professional education
133. To test if values have really been imbibed, a teacher
should use which value measuring instruments?

a. Unobtrusive observation and anecdotal records


b. Projective techniques and moral dilemmas
c. Rating scales and conflict stories
d. Likert scales and rating scales
134. A quiz is classified as a.
a. Diagnostic test c. Formative test
b. Summative test d. Placement test
135. The claim of benefactor to the gratitude of his protege
is called a/n:
a. Alienable right
c. Acquired right
b. Imperfect right
d. Perfect right
136. The use of a table specifications assures the teacher
and the pupils of a test with.
a. Reliability
c. Predictive validity
b. Construct validity
d. Content validity
137. Teacher begins her lesson with warm-up exercises by
focusing on specific bits of information to maximize
student participation. What type of questions will she
be asking?
a. Divergent
c. High-level
b. Evaluation
d. Convergent
138. What is the first step in constructing achievement
tests?
a. Determine the content and skills covered by the
test as gleaned from the lesson objectives.
b. Determine the highest rating to be given to
students
c. Assess the teaching capability of teachers
d. Determine the characteristics of the students
139. Which of the following are considered peripherals of a
microcomputer systems?
a. Keyboard, video-display terminal
b. An audiocassette recorder, a central processing
unit
c.
A modem, a printer
d. Video-display terminal, a disk drive unit
140. One moral hazard in late childhood is the development
of a moral code based on poor mass media concept of
right and wrong. What can be one educational
implication of this?
a. Parents and teachers must discourage children to
view TV
b. Parents and teachers must integrate discussion of
peer and mass media concepts of right and wrong
in the class
c. Parents and teachers must limit their childrens
exposure to mass media
d. Parents and teachers must children to avoid peer
group
141. Gage and Berliner believe that lecture is appropriate
when.
a. Students are below average in ability
b. The information is not available elsewhere
c. Higher cognitive learning is sought
d. The information is complex
142. When the cat is away, the mouse, will play. Which
Filipino weakness is being identified?
a. Extreme personalism
b. Lack of self-discipline
c. Lack of initiative
d. Kanya-kanya syndrome
143. Feedback is said to be the breakfast of champions
Which one does this imply for schools?
a. Feedback focuses on problem correction
b. Feedback scares school administration and
teachers
c. Feedback is the basis for compensation
d. Feedback is essential in the containing quality
improvement of the school system
144. WHAT FOLLOWS IS AN ANALOGY TYPE OF TEST: HAND
IS TO ELBOW AS FOOT
IS TO
A. MUSCLE B. KNEES C. LEG
D. TOES.
What is WRONG with this analogy type
of test?
a. The relationship of the pair of words is not
equal to the relationship of the second
b. The items are not grammatically consilent
c. The options are not constructed in parallel
language
d. The distracters are not plausible
145. Which was the first body to perform regulatory
functions over the teaching profession?
a. National Board for Teachers
b. Professional Regulation Commission
c. Civil Service Commission
d. Board for Professional Teachers
146. Which ones can tell a teacher whether score
distributions appear compressed or expanded?
a. Standard scores
b. Measures of correlation

c. Measures of variability
d. Measures of central tendency
147. Which is NOT a characteristic of anecdotal records?
a. Incident is objectively described
b. Incident recorded is significant
c. Factual
d. Incident is recorded long after it has happened
148. Which generation about selected-and-constructedresponse types of test is NOT true?
a. When measuring mental skills or abilities where
there is a right answer selected response and
constructed-response item provide comparable
information
b. When measuring knowledge, whether one uses
multiple-choice formats or constructed response
formats, the resulting test scores are highly
comparable
c. When measuring physical skills or abilities, the
selected response performance format is the only
reasonable choice
d. When measuring mental skills or abilities where
students generate multiple responses of a creative
nature, the constructed-response formal appears
appropriate
149. Early childhood is regarded as the teachable moment
for acquiring skill because children at this stage.
a. Are healthy and enjoy whatever they undertake
b. Enjoy games
c. Are growing fast d. Are adventurous
150. What follows is a lesson objective:
TO SOLVE 80% OF THE GIVEN PROBLEMS:
Applying Robert F. Magers principle
performance objective which is lacking?
a. Condition
c. Performance
b. Material d. Criterion measure

on

writing

If you lack wisdom, Ask the Lord James 1

49.C
50.D
51.A
52.C
53.D

KEY TO CORRECTION

1.B
2.C
3.B
4.A
5.C
6.A
7.A
8.A
9.D
10.C
11.A
12.C
13.D
14.A
15.A
16.A
17.C
18.C
19.B
20.A
21.C
22.D
23.B
24.D
25.D
26.B
27.D
28.D
29.C
30.C
31.B
32.D
33.C
34.C
35.C
36.C
37.C
38.D
39.B
40.D
41.B
42.B
43.A
44.A
45.D
46.A
47.C
48.C

54.A
55.D
56.A
57.B
58.A
59.C
60.B
61.D
62.D
63.A
64.B
65.C
66.C
67.B
68.B
69.B
70.C
71.C
72.D
73.D
74.A
75.D
76.A
77.D
78.B
79.D
80.C
81.D
82.A
83.A
84.A
85.D
86.D
87.B
88.B
89.B
90.A
91.C
92.B
93.D
94.D
95.B
96.C
97.D
98.B
99.A

100.C
101.A
102.A
103.C
104.D
105.A
106.A
107.B
108.B
109.A
110.C
111.C
112.D
113.C
114.C
115.B
116.D
117.A
118.D
119.C
120.C
121.A
122.C
123.B
124.C
125.B
126.C
127.B
128.A
129.D
130.D
131.D
132.A
133.A
134.C
135.C
136.D
137.D
138.A
139.C
140.B
141.D
142.B
143.D
144.D
145.B
146.C
147.D

148.A
149.A
150.

SAMPLE QUESTIONNAIRE FOR ISMS PHILOSOPHY OF


EDUCATION (SOCIAL DIMENSIONS)
1. The Philippine Elementary School Curriculum gives greater emphasis on the development of basic
skills like reading, writing, and arithmetic. What is the philosophical basis for this?
A. Pragmatism
C. Essentialism
B. Perennialism
D. Existentialism
RATIONALIZATION: C. Essentialism. Essentialism - is an educational theory rooted in classical realism
and idealism which advocates curricular reform stressing the essentials of the basics like the 3R's.
Pragmatism- is regarded as an American philosophy whose various forms advocate
experimentalism,
instrumentalism, functionalism, and practicalism and their curricular offerings imply a wide
range of subject areas.
Pereninialism- is a traditional educational theory that puts premium on eternal truth as contained in
the "Great Books".
Existentialism - personalizes knowledge to the individual. The person chooses the knowledge that he
deems is relevant to his process of becoming to realize his essence.
2. Teacher H asks one of her students, What do you want to become when you grow up? This
question is an indication of what kind of philosophy?
A. Progressivism
C. Existentialism
B.
Naturalism
D. Idealism
RATIONALIZATION: D - Idealism. Idealism is the answer because it stresses the existence of ideas
independent from the material world. Ideas that which exist in the mind are the only reality.
3. Teacher X has not only explained the concept of Philosophy of Education but also imparted this
to her students. This demonstrates what kind of philosophy?
A.
Naturalism
C. Realism
B.
Idealism
D. Perennialism
RATIONALIZATION: C - Realism. Realism concerns with what is real, actual. For ideas to be realized,
they must be transferred or demonstrated.
4. In his class, Teacher M always presents principles and values so as to encourage his students to
examine them and decide for themselves whether to accept them or not. What kind of philosophy does
he practice?
A.
Idealism
C. Humanism
B.
Essentialism
D. Existentialism
RATIONALIZATION: D - Existentialism. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes
subjectivity, freedom and responsibility

5. When a teacher emphasizes that mans sense should be trusted because they are the only
way to acquire knowledge, the teacher can be regarded as
.
A.
Naturalist
C. Empiricist
B.
Realist
D. Pragmatist
RATIONALIZATION: C -Empiricism. Empiricism upholds that the only source of knowledge is the senses
and sense-based experience.
6. Teacher K views her pupils as unique, free choosing, and responsible individuals. She plans
activities where the pupil can develop his unique personality. What theory underlies this nature of the
pupil?
A. Realism
C. Existentialism
B. Essentialism
D. Progressivism
RATIONALIZATION: C. Existentialism. Existentialism is the philosophy of subjectivity of self hood whose
fundamental doctrine proclaims mans freedom in the accomplishment of his destiny. In this case,
emphasis is given on the students rather than on the curriculum content.
7. "Learning is the process of retrieving prior learning", this is a statement from
A. Constructivist
C. Progressivist
B. Reconstructivist
D. Empiricist

_.

RATIONALIZATION: A. Constructivist. As defined, Constructivism is a philosophy of learning which


asserts that reality does not exist outside of the human conceptions. It is the individual that construct
reality by reflecting on his own experience and gives meaning to it. It is founded on the premise that
by reflecting on our own experiences, we construct our own understanding of the world we live in.
Therefore, learning is simply the process of adjusting our mental modes to accommodate new
experiences.

8. Teacher U teaches to his pupils that pleasure is not the highest good. Teacher's teaching is
against what philosophy?
A. Realism
C. Epicureanism
B. Hedonism
D. Empiricism
RATIONALIZATION: B. Hedonism. Epicureanism is just a form of Hedonism. Hedonism is the general,
Epicureanism is the specific. Always select the general answer.
9. After listening to the homily of the Priest about fidelity, Catherine has a moment of reflection. Her
understanding of the value of fidelity has become deeper as she related this to her past experience.
This typifies what kind of philosophy?
A. Constructivism
C. Humanism
B. Reconstructivism
D. Existentialism
RATIONALIZATION: A. Constructivism. Constructivism is a philosophy of learning which
asserts that reality does not exist outside the human conceptions. It is the individual who
construct reality by reflecting on his own experience and gives meaning to it.
10. After studying the Principle of Identity, Teacher W asks her students to determine which among
the given set of problems conforms to the said identity. This shows that Teacher W upholds what
kind of Philosophy?
A. Perennialism
C. Essentialism
B. Progressivism
D. Naturalism
RATIONALIZATION: B. Progressivism. Progressivism is a philosophy of learning by doing things.
11. Thea listened to the advice given by her sister to end the relationship that she has with Gilbert.
However, her sister learned that the advice she has given was not followed and Thea decided to
continue the relationship. This action of Thea is a manifestation of what kind of philosophy?
A. Essentialism
C. Perennialism
B. Existentialism
D. Humanism
RATIONALIZATION: B. Existentialism. Existentialism is the philosophy of subjectivity of selfhood
and proclaims mans freedom in the accomplishment of his destiny.
12. After finishing the degree in Education, Teacher M learns that learning never stops. In fact, she
accumulates more knowledge after leaving the portal of her alma mater. This typifies what kind of
philosophy?
A. Constructivism
C. Progressivism
B. Perennialism
D. Humanism
RATIONALIZATION: C. Progressivism. Progressivism connotes change, growth and
development. It is an active form of philosophy for it continues to evolve.
13. Matilda is an advocate of the principle making the most of your life. She is indeed an
advocate of what kind of philosophy?
A. Humanism
C. Realism
B. Perennialism
D. Existentialism
RATIONALIZATION: A. Humanism. Humanism is a philosophy that stresses to live life to the
fullest.
14. Teacher X is a very dedicated teacher in the nursery. Her foremost concern is for students to learn
how to adapt themselves in the environment. This shows that Teacher X upholds what kind of
philosophy?
A. Naturalism
C. Progressivism
B. Pragmatism
D. Rationalism
RATIONALIZATION: A. Naturalism. Naturalism aims to unfold the childs potential, not to prepare him
for a definite vocation or social position but to prepare him to adapt to the changing times and needs.
15. Teacher J serves as an inspiration to his students because of his efficiency and effectiveness as a
teacher. The mind set of his students towards him/her is an instance of what kind of philosophy?
A. Realism
C. Nationalism
B. Idealism
D. Constructivism

RATIONALIZATION: B. Idealism. Idealism is a philosophy which asserts that whats in the mind is the only
reality. In this situation, the teacher inspires his/her students through the values that he/she possessed.
Values are absolute are told to belong in realm of ideas. Hence, these are considered as ideas that exist
only in the mind.
16. John learns well through active interplay with others. His learning increases when engaged in
activities that has meaning in him. Which philosophy can describe this?
A. Progressivism
C. Realism

B. Idealism

D. Empiricism

RATIONALIZATION: B. Idealism. Idealism is a philosophy which asserts that whats in the mind is the
only reality. In this situation, the teacher inspires his/her students through the values that he/she
possessed. Values are absolute are told to belong in realm of ideas. Hence, these are considered as
ideas that exist only in the mind.
16. John learns well through active interplay with others. His learning increases when engaged in
activities that has meaning in him. Which philosophy can describe this?
A. Progressivism
C. Realism
B. Idealism
D. Empiricism
RATIONALIZATION: A. Progressivism. Progressivism is a philosophy of hands of learning or
experiential learning. Learning by doing. Learning is based from the questions of ones experience
of the world. Hence, it is the learner himself who thinks, solves, and gives meaning through his
individual experiences.
17. Your teacher is of the opinion that the world and everything in it are ever changing and so
teaches you the skill to cope with the changes. Which in his governing philosophy?
A. Experimentalism
C. Idealism
B. Existentialism
D. Realism
RATIONALIZATION: A. Experimentalism. Experimentalism believes that things are constantly
changing. It is based on the view that reality is what works right now and that goodness comes from
group decisions. As a result, schools exist to discover and expand the society we live in. Students
study social experiences and solve problems.
18. Principal C shares this thought with his teachers: "Subject matter should help students
understand and appreciate themselves as unique individuals who accept complete responsibility for
their thoughts, feelings, and actions." From which philosophy is this thought
based? / Teacher V teaches her students to appreciate themselves as unique individuals and are
to accept the responsibility to their feelings, actions and thoughts. She upholds the philosophy of
.
A. Perennialism
C. Existentialism
B. Essentialism
D. Progressivism
RATIONALIZATION: C. Existentialism. Existentialism is the philosophy of subjectivity of selfhood
and proclaims mans freedom in the accomplishment of his destiny.
19. Teacher H class is engage in problem solving activity which in a way is a reflection of the personal
and social experiences. The purpose of this activity is for the students to acquire the skills that can
help them in solving their own real-life problems. What philosophy can best describe this?
A. Realism
C. Progressivism
B. Idealism
D. Existentialism
RATIONALIZATION: C. Progressivism. Progressivism connotes growth and development. In this manner
learning comes best when things are being experienced, that is learning by doing
things. It involves participation of the students and allows them to exercise freedom.
20. In the Social Science class of Teacher G, students identify the various social and economic
problems that require urgent solutions. They not only discuss the ways to address it but also agreed
to participate in solving them. What kind of philosophy does this class uphold?
A. Naturalism
C. Progressivism
B. Constructivism
D. Reconstructivism
RATIONALIZATION: D. Reconstructivism. Reconstructivism covers the underlying factors that constitute
reality or society. In this regard, students are encourage to become involved in the problems whether
political, social, or economical that confront the society and be able to arrive at solutions in order to
reconstruct society.

21. A curriculum should only include those that have survived the test of time and combine the symbols
of literature, history, and mathematics. Thus, curriculum like this contains values that are constant and
universal. What philosophy describes this kind of curriculum?
A. Idealism
C. Humanism
B. Perennialism
D. Essentialism
RATIONALIZATION: B. Perennialism. Perennialism maintains that education involves confronting the
problems and questions that have challenged people over the centuries. Thus there is a need to study
classical tradition of great books.
22. Who among the following puts more emphasis on core requirements, longer school day, longer
academic year and more challenging textbooks?
A. Perennialist
C. Progressivist
B. Essentialist
D. Existentialist
RATIONALIZATION: B. Essentialist. Essentialism is an educational theory rooted in classical realism
and idealism which advocates curricular reform stressing the essentials of the basics like the 3R's.

23. Education is a continuous process of experiencing and of visiting or reorganizing


experiences according to a Progressivist. What does it mean?
A. Education begins and ends in school.
B. Education takes place anytime and anywhere. C.
Education happens formally and informally.
D. Education goes on throughout life.
RATIONALIZATION: D. Education goes on throughout life. Progressivism connotes growth and
development. It is an active form of philosophy for it continues to evolve.
24. Mr. Cruz exemplifies an ideal teacher and son. He is competent in his field based on the various
recognitions that he received from his school. As a dutiful son, he assumes all the responsibilities of
raising his family (this includes his parents, siblings, and their own families) giving all their needs and
wants. The fulfilment of these is the neglect of the responsibilities to himself. This attitude of Mr. Cruz is
against what kind of philosophy?
A. Existentialism
C. Pragmatism
B. Constructivism
D. Humanism
RATIONALIZATION: D. Humanism. Humanism stresses personal culture, individual freedom, and
development (the best way towards full and rich lives).
25. Teacher R ensures to put a certain amount of his monthly earnings in the bank. At the end of the
school year, he used all his savings in visiting places rich of cultural heritages rather than of buying
expensive clothes, jewellery, and latest gadgets. Favoring the former action over the latter exhibits
that Teacher R follows what kind of philosophy?
A. Existentialism
C. Behaviorism
B. Essentialism
D. Progressivism
RATIONALIZATION: A. Existentialism. Existentialism is a philosophy that gives a person the freedom
to choose. It is a philosophy of subjectivity.
26. Teacher R ensures to put a certain amount of his monthly earnings in the bank. At the end of the
school year, he used all his savings in visiting places rich of cultural heritages rather than of buying
expensive clothes, jewellery, and latest gadgets. This shows that Teacher R is an advocate of what kind
of philosophy?
A. Pragmatism
C. Naturalism
B. Perennialism
D. Essentialism
RATIONALIZATION: B. Perennialism. Perennialism views education as a recurring process based on
eternal truths. Good education involves a search for and understanding of truth which can all be found
in the great works of civilization.

27. Teacher X rates the art work of her students not just on the merit of its appeal to the senses but
also considers its uniqueness and the responsibility that every student has given in accomplishing the
task. This practice shows how Teacher X upholds this kind of philosophy:
A. Realism
C. Idealism
B. Reconstructivism
D. Existentialism
RATIONALIZATION: D. Existentialism. Conceives philosophy as something that is felt by an
individual because its concrete in itself or based on what is concrete. There is also personal
involvement in this kind of philosophy.
28. In line with the philosophy of Reconstructivism, which of the following should be given
emphasis in teaching?
A. To seek a better position in the society
B. To compare oneself with the less fortunate
C. To become economically self-reliant
D. To designate ones superiority over the others
RATIONALIZATION: C. To become economically self-reliant. Reconstructivism aims to achieve social
changes. This is a philosophy that entails the identification of social problems, finding solutions for
this and be a part of the solution.
29. Joining organizations or clubs in school is requisite to granting of academic distinction under DECS
Order No. 65, s. 1998. This shows school community connection reflected in activities geared towards
society's needs. What philosophy is related to this? / Activities planned by
school clubs or organizations show school-community connection geared towards society's needs.
What philosophy is related to this?
A. Realism
C. Existentialism
B. Progressivism
D. Reconstructivism

RATIONALIZATION: D. Reconstructivism. Reconstructivism aims to achieve social changes. This is a


philosophy that entails the identification of social problems, finding solutions for this and be a part
of the solution.
30. Increase of time allotment in English, Math and Science in the Elementary level under the New
Elementary School Curriculum (NESC) as provided in DECS Order No. 1, s. 1993 contributes in the
culturation of basic literacy by providing the needed essential skills. The related philosophy is
.
A. Realism
C. Idealism
B. Essentialism
D. Perennialism
RATIONALIZATION: B. Essentialism. Essentialism is an educational theory rooted in classical realism
and idealism which advocates curricular reform stressing the essentials of the basics like the 3R's.
31. Teacher A believes that the learner is the product of his environment. Sometimes he has no choice.
He/she is determined by his environment.
A. Rationalist
C. Existentialist
B. Behaviorist
D. Progressivist
RATIONALIZATION: B. Behaviorist. A behaviourist believes that human behaviour can be best
explained in terms of responses to external stimuli. Also, education can be best achieved by
modifying or changing student behaviours in a socially acceptable manner through the arrangement
of the conditions for learning. The control is obtained not by manipulating the individual, but the
environment.
32. The curriculum is viewed as a means of developing desirable habits. It is recommended that the
way /means to form these habits is through the mastery of organized subject matter. Which philosophy
is behind this educational view?
A. Naturalism
C. Realism
B. Idealism
D. Pragmatism
RATIONALIZATION: C. Realism. This educative process is viewed mainly as the transmission of
information and knowledge. The curriculum has the function of forming the body and this
interrelationship gives rise to the dictum "sound mind in a sound body."
33. Teachers in school perform the role and responsibility of parents in the development and
education of the child. This stems from the belief that the home is the primary agency in the
education of the individual. Thus, teachers are regarded as surrogate parents along the loco
parentis principle. Which philosophy espouses this view of education?
A. Pragmatism
C. Idealism
B. Naturalism
D. Realism
RATIONALIZATION: B. Naturalism - the school is seen as the extension of home and teachers are
deemed "surrogate parents".
34. This philosophy believes that students need a passionate encounter with the positive and negative
phases of life like the joy and agony of love, desirability of life, the inevitability of death, the anguish of
freedom and the consequences of choices and actions. Which philosophy advocates this view in
education?
A. Existentialism
C. Essentialism
B. Perennialism
D. Realism
RATIONALIZATION: A. Existentialism - it is a modern school of thought that grew out of the thoughts of
European philosophers , particularly from Soren Kierkegaard, who believes that the central problem
humanity is facing is the ability to cope with its existence.
35. The teacher should provide for shared experiences in the classroom that fosters cooperative
learning rather than competitive learning. Scientific means of inquiry complements such atmosphere.
Which theory advocates this view?
A. Existentialism
C. Perennialism
B. Essentialism
D. Progressivism
36. This philosophy believes that ideas are inherent in the invidual. This explains the nature of the
Socratic dialogue in teaching, where the teacher asks questions to wring out the ideas innate in the
learner. Which school of thought has advocated this belief?
A. Naturalism
C. Realism
B. Idealism
D. Pragmatism
37. Teacher B believes that the learner can choose what he can become despite his
environment.
A. Rationalist
C. Existentialist
B. Behaviorist
D. Progressivist
38. Teacher F is convinced that whenever a student performs a desired behavior, provided
reinforcement and soon the student will learn to perform the behavior on his own. On which
principle is Teacher F's conviction based?
A. Cognitivism
C. Behaviorism
B. Environmentalism
D. Constructivism
39. Changes in the T.H.E takes care of the cognitive needs of students. It also emphasizes the use of
project method as implied in DECS Order No. 91, s. 1998. The related philosophy is

.
A. Realism
C. Progressivism
B. Existentialism
D. Reconstructivism
40. DECS Order No. 13 s. 1998 entitled "Revised rules and regulations on the teaching of religion" is
emphasizing the development of one's spirituality and moral. What philosophy is related to it?
A. Realism
C. Essentialism
B. Idealism
D. Progressivism
41. DECS Order No. 57 s. 1998 entitled "Clarification on the changes in the Social Studies programs"
offers Economics in 3rd year instead of 4th year. The change hopefully will provide the needed social
reform in alleviating the condition of poverty. What philosophy addresses this concern?
A. Realism
C. Essentialism
B. Existentialism
D. Reconstructivism
42. DECS Order No. 54, s. 1995 entitled "War on Waste" helps students realize their role in the
conservation of nation's resources. This also helps instil discipline among them.
What philosophy is related to this?
A. Realism
C. Perennialism
B. Essentialism
D. Reconstructivism
43. Which philosophy has the educational objective to indoctrinate Filipinos to accept the
teachings of the Catholic church which is to foster faith in God?
A. Realism
C. Idealism
B. Pragmatism
D. Existentialism

36. This philosophy believes that ideas are inherent in the invidual. This explains the nature of the
Socratic dialogue in teaching, where the teacher asks questions to wring out the ideas innate in the
learner. Which school of thought has advocated this belief?
A. Naturalism
C. Realism
B. Idealism
D. Pragmatism
37. Teacher B believes that the learner can choose what he can become despite his
environment.
A. Rationalist
C. Existentialist
B. Behaviorist
D. Progressivist
38. Teacher F is convinced that whenever a student performs a desired behavior, provided
reinforcement and soon the student will learn to perform the behavior on his own. On which
principle is Teacher F's conviction based?
A. Cognitivism
C. Behaviorism
B. Environmentalism
D. Constructivism
39. Changes in the T.H.E takes care of the cognitive needs of students. It also emphasizes the use of
project method as implied in DECS Order No. 91, s. 1998. The related philosophy is
.
A. Realism
C. Progressivism
B. Existentialism
D. Reconstructivism
40. DECS Order No. 13 s. 1998 entitled "Revised rules and regulations on the teaching of religion" is
emphasizing the development of one's spirituality and moral. What philosophy is related to it?
A. Realism
C. Essentialism
B. Idealism
D. Progressivism
41. DECS Order No. 57 s. 1998 entitled "Clarification on the changes in the Social Studies programs"
offers Economics in 3rd year instead of 4th year. The change hopefully will provide the needed social
reform in alleviating the condition of poverty. What philosophy addresses this concern?
A. Realism
C. Essentialism
B. Existentialism
D. Reconstructivism
42. DECS Order No. 54, s. 1995 entitled "War on Waste" helps students realize their role in the
conservation of nation's resources. This also helps instil discipline among them.
What philosophy is related to this?
A. Realism
C. Perennialism
B. Essentialism
D. Reconstructivism
43. Which philosophy has the educational objective to indoctrinate Filipinos to accept the
teachings of the Catholic church which is to foster faith in God?
A. Realism
C. Idealism
B. Pragmatism
D. Existentialism

44. Virtue as one component in the teaching of Rizal as a course focuses on the teaching of good and
beauty consistent with the good and beauty in God. What philosophy supports this?
A. Existentialism
C. Progressivism
B. Idealism
D. Reconstructivism
45. Scouting and Citizens Army Training (CAT) give training in character building, citizenship training,
etc. which leads to the creation of new social order and a new society eventually. What philosophy
supports this?
A. Existentialism
C. Progressivism
B. Perennialism
D. Reconstructivism
46. Teacher V demonstrated the technique on how to group students according to their needs and
interests and how to use self-paced instructional materials. Which philosophy is manifested in this
activity?
A. Essentialism
C. Realism
B. Progressivism
D. Reconstructivism
47. Teacher G, a Christian Living teacher, puts so much significance on values development and
discipline, what could be her educational philosophy?
A. Idealism
C. Progressivism
B. Pragmatism
D. Realism
48. What philosophy is related to the practice of schools acting as laboratory for teaching
reforms and experimentation?
A. Essentialism
C. Progressivism
B. Existentialism
D. Reconstructivism
49. What philosophy of education advocates that the curriculum should only include universal and
unchanging truths?
A. Essentialism
C. Perennialism
B. Idealism
D. Pragmatism
50. Which philosophy of education influence the singing of the National anthem in schools? A.
Nationalism
C. Pragmatism
B. Naturalism
D. Socialism
51. Who among the following believes that learning requires disciplined attention, regular
homework, and respect for legitimate authority?
A. Essentialist
C. Realist
B. Progressivist
D. Reconstructivist
52. Teacher G says: "If it is billiard that brings students out of the classroom, let us bring it into the
classroom. Perhaps, I can use it to teach Math." To which philosophy does Teacher G adhere?
A. Essentialism
C. Progressivism
B. Idealism
D. Reconstructivism

53. Which philosophy influenced the cultivation of reflective and meditative skills in teaching? A.
Confucianism
C. Taoism
B. Existentialism
D. Zen Buddhism
54. Specialization is knowing more and more about less and less. It is better to be a generalist claims
Teacher R. What philosophy does she uphold?
A. Essentialism
C. Progressivism
B. Existentialism
D. Pragmatism
55. Everything changes explains the teacher. This entails readiness to accept challenges in life and be
ready to address it. What kind of philosophy can this be attributed?
A. Realism
C. Behaviorism
B. Materialism
D. Rationalism
56. Life is what you make it, exemplifies best what
A. Existentialist
C. Idealist
B. Humanist
D. Realist

is :

57. If Teacher V believes that learning also takes place in having interaction with the
environment, this teacher can be regarded as:
A. Pragmatist
C. Realist
B. Empricist
D. Herbalist
58. Teacher Q is concerned more on conceptual matters since reality is mental. She upholds this kind of
philosophy:
A. Empiricism
C. Idealism
B. Realism
D. Progressivism
59. Teacher W is known in giving great importance on humanistic education. Which of the
following will depict this trait?
A. Developing students into thinking individuals
B. Making students civilized, distinctly educated and refined
C. Giving the students the freedom to choose and decide for themselves
D. Teaching the students the different works of civilization
60. To come closer to the truth we need to "go back to the things themselves." This is the advice of the
.
A. Behaviorists
C. Idealists
B. Phenomenologists
D. Pragmatists
61. Which group of philosophers maintain that "truth exists in an objective order that is independent
of the knower"? / Teacher D believes that "truth exists in an objective order and independent of the
knower".
She is considered
.
A. Idealists
C. Existentialists
B. Pragmatists
D. Realists

62. Edukasyong Kagandahang Asal at Wastong Pag-uugali (EKAWP) is integrated in the New Elementary
School Curriculum. Which philosophy supports the teaching of EKAWP in the elementary school?
A. Taoism
C. Hinduism
B. Buddhism
D. Confucianism
63. Who is most likely to advise you to modify your classroom environment in such a way that your
pupils will be motivated to learn?
A. Humanist
C. Cognitivist
B. Behaviorist
D. Existentialist
64. You arrive at knowledge by re-thinking of latent ideas. From whom does this thought come? A.
Experimentalist
C. Idealist
B. Realist
D. Existentialist
65. If a student believes in this passage "One cannot see perfection but i long for it" then, the
student can be regarded as
/ Student B claims: "I cannot see perfection but I long for it.

So it must be real." Under which group can he be classified?


A. Idealist
D. Pragmatist
E. Humanist
B. Empiricist
C. Realist
66. If a teacher would say that honesty is still an important value even if no one values it,
the teacher can be regarded as
.
A. Realist
C. Idealist
B. Empiricist
D. Positivist

CLUE / KEYWORD:

Essentialism
o
o
o
o

Acquire basic knowledge, common body of knowledge


Excellence in education
Student centered
4R's (Reading , Writing, Arithmetic, Right Conduct) Proponent: William

Bagley
Existentialism
o
o
o
o

Freedom of choice
Individual Differences
Unique individual
Awareness of consequences

Proponent: Jean Paul Sartre

Perrenialism
o
o
o
o
o
o
o

Education are changeless- Humanistic


Educate the rational person
Back to basics
Cultural literacy
Great work of civilization
Develops the ability to think deeply
Student centered

Proponent: Robert Hutchins

Progressivism
o
o
o
o
o

Always in the process of development


Teaching using real life situation
Relevant curriculum, humanistic education, radical school reform
Growth
Learning by doing

Proponent: John Dewey


Idealism
o
o
o
o

Unified reality with God


Morally and mentally upright
Mind
Anything what is in your mind (absolute value) Proponent: Plato

o
o
o
o

Based on natural law


Lecture method and memorization
Logical and abstract thinking
Objects exist independently of the mind

Realism

Proponent: Aristotle

Pragmatism
o Always changing
o Interaction of individual with environment
o Essence of idea comes from the consequence of its
practice/test
o Practical / Beneficial

Proponent: John Dewey, William James, Rousseau


Reconstructivism
o
o
o
o

Reconstruct society
Improvement
Change and social reform / social change
Awareness of societal needs and problems

Proponent: Pragmatism, Teodore, Brameld


Behaviorism
o Back to basics
o Stimulus response to teaching
o Modification and shaping of students behavior
Proponent: John Watson
Rationalism to enable to think for themselves Naturalism nature is the aggregate of
physical objects Constructivism creating new idea connecting (old-new) Humanism
loving one self

(LET) LICENSE EXAMINATION FOR


TEACHERS
PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
Set A
1. Which is one role of play in the pre-school
and early childhood years?
A. Develops competitive spirit.
B. Separates reality from fantasy.
C. Increases imagination due to expanding
knowledge and emotional range.
D. Develops the upper and lower limbs.

2. Student Z does not study at all but when


the Licensure Examination for Teachers
(LET) comes, before he takes the LET, he
spends one hour or more praying for a
miracle, i.e. to pass the exam. Which attitude
towards religion or God is displayed?

A. Religion as fake
B. Religion as magic
C. Religion as authentic
D. Religion as real
3. As a teacher, you are a rationalist. Which
among these will be your guiding principle?
A. I must teach the child that we can never
have real knowledge of anything.
B. I must teAch the child to develop his
mental powers to the full.
C. I must teach the child so he is assured of
heaven.
D. I must teach the child every knowledge,
skill, and value that he needs for a better
future.
4. All men are pretty much alike. It is only by
custom that they are set apart, said one
Oriental philosopher. Where can this thought
be most inspiring?
A. In a multi-cultural group of learners

B. In multi-cultural and heterogeneous


groups of learners and indigenous peoples'
group
C. In a class composed of indigenous peoples
D. In heterogeneous class of learners

A. emotional factors
B. poor teaching
C. neurological factors
D. immaturity

5. Teacher A discovered that his pupils are


very good in dramatizing. Which tool must
have helped him discover his pupils'
strength?

10. Teacher U teaches to his pupils that


pleasure is not the highest good. Teacher's
teaching is against what philosophy?

A. Portfolio assessment
B. Performance test
C. Journal entry
D. Paper-and-pencil test

A. Realism
B. Hedonism
C. Epicureanism
D. Empiricism

6. NSAT and NEAT results are interpreted


against set mastery level. This means that
NSAT and NEAT fall under __________.

11. With which goals of educational


institutions as provided for by the
Constitution is the development of work
skills aligned?

A. intelligence test
B. aptitude test
C. criterion-referenced test
D. norm-referenced test
7. In a social studies class, Teacher I presents
a morally ambiguous situation and asks his
students what they would do. On whose
theory is Teacher I's technique based?

A. To develop moral character


B. To teach the duties of citizenship
C. To inculcate love of country
D. To develop vocational efficiency

A. Kohlberg
B. Bandura
C. Piaget
D. Bruner

A. hypotheses, verified data and conclusions


B. concepts, patterns and abstractions
C. concepts, processes and generalizations
D. guesses, data and conclusions

8. Which is a sound classroom management


practice?

13. To elicit more student's response, Teacher


G made use of covert responses. Which one
did she NOT do?

A. Avoid establishing routines


B. Establish routines for all daily needs
and tasks.
C. Apply rules and policies on a case to case
basis.
D. Apply reactive approach to discipline.
9. A sixth grade twelve-year old boy comes
from a dysfunctional family and has been
abused and neglected. He has been to two
orphanages and three different elementary
schools. The student can decode on the
second grade level, but he can comprehend
orally material at the fourth or fifth grade
level. The most probable cause/s of this
student's reading problem is/are __________.

12. Direct instruction is for facts, rules, and


actions as indirect instruction is for
__________, __________, __________.

A. She had the students write their response


privately.
B. She showed the correct answers on the
overhead after the students have written
their responses.
C. She had the students write their responses
privately then called each of them.
D. She refrained from judging on the
student's responses.
14. What should you do if a parent who is
concerned about a grade his child received
compared to another student's grade,
demands to see both students' grades?

A. Refuse to show either record.


B. Show both records to him.
C. Refuse to show any record without
expressing permission from principal.
D. Show only his child's records.

19. The search for related literature by


accessing several databases by the use of a
telephone line to connect a computer library
with other computers that have database is
termed __________.

15. John Watson said:Men are built not


born.What does this statement point to?

A. compact disc search


B. manual search
C. on-line search
D. computer search

A. The ineffectiveness of training on a


person's development.
B. The effect of environmental stimulation
on a person's development.
C. The absence of genetic influence on a
person's development
D. The effect of heredity.
16. A guest speaker in one graduation rites
told his audience: "Reminder, you are what
you choose to be." The guest speaker is more
of a/an __________.
A. realistic
B. pragmatist
C. idealist
D. existentialist
17. The best way for a guidance counselor to
begin to develop study skills and habits in
underachieving student would be to
__________.
A. have these underachieving students
observe the study habits of excelling students
B. encourage students to talk about study
habits from their own experiences
C. have them view film strips about various
study approaches
D. give out a list of effective study
approaches
18. Principal C shares this thought with his
teachers:Subject matter should help students
understand and appreciate themselves as
unique individuals who accept complete
responsibility for their thoughts, feelings, and
actions.From which philosophy is this
thought based?
A. Perennialism
B. Essentialism
C. Existentialism
D. Progressivism

20. Teacher W wants to review and check on


the lesson of the previous day? Which one
will be most reliable?
A. Having students identify difficult
homework problems.
B. Having students correct each other's work.
C. Sampling the understanding of a few
students.
D. Explicitly reviewing the task-relevant
information necessary for the day's lesson.
21. During the Spanish period, what
was/were the medium/media of instruction in
schools?
A. The Vernacular
B. English
C. Spanish
D. Spanish and the Vernacular
22. With indirect instruction in mind, which
does NOT belong to the group?
A. Problem solving
B. Lecture-recitation
C. Inductive reasoning
D. Discovery
23. I combined several subject areas in order
to focus on a single concept for interdisciplinary teaching. Which strategy/method
did I use?
A. Problem-entered learning
B. Thematic instruction
C. Reading-writing activity
D. Unit method
24. Read the following then answer the
question

TEACHER: IN WHAT WAYS OTHER


THAN THE PERIODIC TABLE MIGHT
WE PREDICT THE UNDISCOVERED
ELEMENTS?
BOBBY: WE COULD GOTO THE MOON
AND SEE IF THERE ARE SOME
ELEMENTS THERE WE DON'T HAVE.
BETTY: WE COULD DIG DOWN INTO
THE CENTER OF THE EARTH AND SEE
IF WE FIND ANY OF THE MISSING
ELEMENTS.
RICKY: WE COULD STUDY DEBRIS
FROM THE METEORITES IF WE CAN
FIND ANY.
TEACHER: THOSE ARE ALL GOOD
ANSWERS. BUT WHAT IF THOSE
EXCURSIONS TO THE MOON, TO THE
CENTER OF THE EARTH, OR TO FIND
METEORITES WERE TOO COSTLY AND
TIME CONSUMING? HOW MIGHT WE
USE THE ELEMENTS WE ALREADY
HAVE HERE ON EARTH TO FIND SOME
NEW ONES?
Question: The Teacher's questions in the
above exchange are examples of __________
questions.
A. fact
B. concept
C. direct
D. closed

C. leading
D. divergent
27. The teacher's first task in the selection of
media in teaching is to determine the ______.
A. choice of the students
B. availability of the media
C. objectives of the lesson
D. technique to be used
28. Principal B tells her teachers that training
in the humanities is most important. To which
educational philosophy does he adhere?
A. Existentialism
B. Perennialism
C. Progressivism
D. Essentialism
29. Who among the following needs less
verbal counseling but needs more concrete
and operational forms of assistance? The
child who __________.
A. has mental retardation
B. has attention-deficit disorder
C. has learning disability
D. has conduct disorder
30. After giving an input on a good
paragraph, Teacher W asks her students to
rate a given paragraph along the elements of
a good paragraph. The students' task is in
level of __________
A. application
B. analysis
C. evaluation
D. synthesis

25. In his second item analysis, Teacher H


found out that more from the lower group got
the test item # 6 correctly. This means that
the test item __________.
A. has a negative discriminating power
B. has a lower validity
C. has a positive discriminating power
D. has a high reability

31. In the Preamble of the Code of Ethics of


Professional Teachers, which is NOT said of
teachers?
A. LET passers
B. Duly licensed professionals
C. Possess dignity and reputation
D. With high-moral values as well as
technical and professional competence

26. For maximum interaction, a teacher ought


to avoid __________ questions.
A. informational
B. rhetorical

32. Study this group of tests which was


administered with the following results, then
answer the question.

Subject Mean
Math 56
Physics
English

SD
10
41
80

Ronnels's Score
43
9
31
16
109

In which subject(s) did Ronnel perform most


poorly in relation to the group's performance?
A. English
B. English and Math
C. Math
D. Physics
33. Teacher G's lesson objective has
something to do with the skill of
synthesizing? Which behavioral term is most
appropriate?
A. Test
B. Assess
C. Appraise
D. Theorize
34. Standard deviation is to variability as
mean is to __________.
A. coefficient of correlation
B. central tendency
C. discrimination index
D. level of difficulty
35. If you agree with Rizal on how you can
contribute to our nation's redemption, which
should you work for?
A. Opening our doors to foreign influence
B. Upgrading the quality of the Filipino
through education
C. Stabilizing the political situation
D. Gaining economic recovery
36. Teacher T taught a lesson denoting
ownership by means of possessives. He first
introduced the rule, then gave examples,
followed by class exercises, then back to the
rule before he moved into the second rule.
Which presenting technique did he use?
A. Combinatorial
B. Comparative
C. Part-whole
D. Sequence

37. Theft of school equipment like tv,


computer, etc. by teenagers in the community
itself is becoming a common phenomenon.
What does this incident signify?
A. Prevalence of poverty in the community.
B. Inability of school to hire security guards.
C. Deprivation of Filipino schools.
D. Community's lack of sense of coownership.
38. As a teacher, what do you do when you
engage yourself in major task analysis?
A. Test if learning reached higher level
thinking skills.
B. Breakdown a complex task into subskills.
C. Determine the level of thinking involved.
D. Revise lesson objectives.
39. With-it-ness, according to Kounin, is one
of the characterestics of an effective
classroom manager. Which phrase goes with
it?
A. Have hands that write fast.
B. Have eyes on the back of your heads.
C. Have a mouth ready to speak.
D. Have minds packed with knowledge.
40. Ruben is very attached to his mother and
Ruth to her father. In what developmental
stage are they according to Freudian
psychological theory?
A. Oedipal stage
B. Latent stage
C. Anal stage
D. Pre-genital stage
41. Teacher Y does norm-referenced
interpretation of scores. Which of the
following does she do?
A. She describes group performance in
relation to a level of mastery set.
B. She uses a specified content as its frame of
reference.
C. She compares every individual
students' scores with others' scores.
D. She describes what should be their
performance.

42. As a teacher, you are a reconstructionist.


Which among these will be your guiding
principle?
A. I must teach the child every knowledge,
skill, and value that he needs for a better
future.
B. I must teach the child to develop his
mental powers to the full.
C. I must teach the child so he is assured of
heaven.
D. I must teach the child that we can never
have real knowledge of anything.
43. From whom do we owe the theory of
deductive interference as illustrated in
syllogisms?
A. Plato
B. Scorates
C. Aristotle
D. Pythagoras
44. Teacher B engages her students with
information for thorough understanding for
meaning and for competent application.
Which principle governs Teacher B's
practice?
A. Contructivist
B. Gestalt
C. Behaviorist
D. Cognitivist

A. Become aware of the pollutants around us.


B. Appreciate Milton's Paradise Lost.
C. Use a microscope properly.
D. Distinguish war from aggression.
48. The concepts of trust vs. maturity,
autonomy vs. self-doubt, and initiative vs.
guilt are most closely related with the works
of __________.
A. Erikson
B. Piaget
C. Freud
D. Jung
49. What measure of central tendency does
the number 16 represent in the following
data: 14, 15, 17, 16, 19, 20, 16, 14, 16?
A. Mode
B. Median
C. Mode and median
D. Mean
50. The principle of individual differences
requires teachers to __________.
A. give greater attention to gifted learners
B. provide for a variety of learning
activities
C. treat all learners alike while in the
classroom
D. prepare modules for slow learners in class
51. Which of the following propositions is
attributed to Plato?

45. What was the most prominent educational


issue of the mid 1980s?
A. Bilingual Education
B. Values Education
C. Accountability
D. Mainstreaming

A. Truth is relative to a particular time and


place.
B. Human beings create their own truths.
C. Learning is the discovery of truth as
Iatent ideas are brought to consciousness.
D. Sense perception is the most accurate
guide to knowledge.

46. A teacher/student is held responsible for


his actions because s/he __________.
A. has instincts
B. is mature
C. has a choice
D. has reason

52. Which is one characteristic of an effective


classroom management?

47. For which may you use the direct


instruction method?

A. It quickly and unobtrusively redirects


misbehavior once it occurs.

B. It teaches dependence on others for selfcontrol.


C. It respects cultural norms of a limited
group students.
D. Strategies aresimple enough to be used
consistently.
53. Out of 3 distracters in a multiple choice
test item, namely B, C, and D, no pupil chose
D as answer. This implies that D is
__________
A. an ineffective distracter
B. a vague distracter
C. an effective distracter
D. a plausible distracter
54. I drew learners into several content areas
and encouraged them to solve a complex
question for inter-disciplinary teaching.
Which strategy did I use?
A. Problem-centered learning
B. Unit method
C. Reading-writing activity
D. Thematic instruction
55. Value clarification as a strategy in Values
Education classes is anchored on which
philosophy?
A. Existentialism
B. Christian philosophy
C. Idealism
D. Hedonism
56. Teacher A is a teacher of English as a
Second Language. She uses vocabulary
cards, fill-in-the-blank sentences, dialogues,
dictation and writing excercises in teaching a
lesson about grocery shopping. Based on this
information, which of the following is a valid
conclusion?
A. The teacher is applying Bloom's hierachy
of cognitive learning.
B. The teacher is teaching in a variety of
ways because not all students learn in the
same manner.
C. The teacher wants to make herteachirig
easier by having less talk.
D. The teacher is emphasizing reading and
writing skills.

57. If teacher has to ask more higher-order


questions, he has to ask more __________
questions.
A. closed
B. fact
C. concept
D. convergent
58. Are percentile ranks the same as
percentage correct?
A. It cannot be determined unless scores are
given.
B. It cannot be determined unless the number
of examinees is given.
C. No
D. Yes

59. Which method has been proven to be


effective in courses that stress acquisition of
knowledge?
A. Socratic method
B. Cooperative learning
C. Mastery learning
D. Indirect instruction
60. A teacher's summary of a lesson serves
the following functions, EXCEPT
A. it links the parts of the lesson
B. lt brings together the information that
has been discussed
C. it makes provisions for full participation
of students.
D. it clinches the basic ideas or concepts of
the lesson.
61. Which is a true foundation of the social
order?
A. Obedient citizenry
B. The reciprocation of rights and duties
C. Strong political leadership
D. Equitable distribution of wealth
62. Which one can enhance the comparability
of grades?
A. Using common conversion table for
translating test scores in to ratings

B. Formulating tests that vary from one


teacher to another
C. Allowing individual teachers to determine
factors for rating
D. Individual teachers giving weights to
factors considered for rating
63. Who among the following puts more
emphasis on core requirements, longer school
day, longer academic year and more
challenging textbooks?
A. Perennialist
B. Essentialist
C. Progressivist
D. Existentialist
64. Which test has broad sampling of topics
as strength?
A. Objective test
B. Short answer test
C. Essay test
D. Problem type
65. Read this question:How will you present
the layers of the earth to your class?This is a
question that
A. directs
B. leads the student to evaluate
C. assesses cognition
D. probes creative thinking

B. Trust
C. Initiative
D. Generativity
68. Two students are given the WISE II. One
has a full scale IQ of 91, while the other has
an IQ of 109. Which conclusion can be
drawn?
A. The second student has significantly
higher intellectual ability
B. The first student is probably below
average, while the second has above average
potential
C. Both students are functioning in the
average range of intellectual ability
D. Another IQ test should be given to truly
assess their intellectual potential
69. To come closer to the truth we need togo
back to the things themselves.This is the
advice of the
A. behaviorists
B. phenomenologists
C. idealists
D. pragmatists
70. Which guideline in test construction is
NOT observed in this test item: Jose Rizal
wrote __________.
A. The central problem should be packed in
the stem.
B. There must be only one correct answer.
C. Alternatives must have grammatical
parallelism.
D. The alternates must be plausible.

66. In Krathwohl's affective domain of


objectives, which of the following is the
lowest level of affective behavior?

71. In what way can teachers uphold the


highest possible standards of quality
education?

A. Valuing
B. Characterization
C. Responding
D. Organization

A. By continually improving themselves


personally and professionally
B. By wearing expensive clothes to change
people's poor perception of teachers
C. By working out undeserved promotions
D. By putting down other professions to lift
the status of teaching

67. Rodel is very aloof and cold in his


relationships with his classmates. Which
basic goal must haye not been attained by
Rodel during his developmental years,
according to Erikson's theory on
psychological development?
A. Autonomy

72. Each teacher is said to be a trustee of the


cultural and educational heritage of the
nation and is, under obligation to transmit to
learners such heritage. Which practice makes
him fulfill such obligation?

A. Use the latest instructional technology.


B. Observe continuing professional
education.
C. Use interactive teaching strategies.
D. Study the life of Filipino heroes.

73. Studies in the areas of neurosciences


disclosed that the human brain has limitless
capacity. What does this imply?
A. Some pupils are admittedly not capable of
learning.
B. Every pupil has his own native ability and
his learning is limited to this nativeabilty.
C. Every child is a potential genius.
D. Pupils can possibly reach a point where
they have learned everything.
74. In a treatment for alcoholism, Ramil was
made to drink an alcoholic beverage and then
made to ingest a drug that produces nausea.
Eventually, he was nauseated at the sight and
smell of alcohol and stopped drinking
alcohoL Which theory explains this?
A. Operant conditioning
B. Social Learning Theory
C. Associative Learning
D. Attribution Theory
75. The following are used in writing
performance objectives, EXCEPT
A. delineate
B. diagram
C. integrate
D. comprehend
76. Which guideline must be observed in the
use of prompting to shape the correct
performance of your students?
A. Use the least intrusive prompt first.
B. Use all prompts available.
C. Use the most intrusive prompt first.
D. Refrain from using prompts.

77. On whose philosophy was A. S. Neil's


Summerhill, one of the most experimental
schools, based?
A. Rousseau
B. Pestalozzi
C. Montessori
D. John Locke
78. "In the light of the facts presented, what
is most likely to happen when ... ?" is a
sample thought question on
A. inferring
B. generalizing
C. synthesizing
D. justifying
79. Which applies when skewness is zero?
A. Mean is greater than the median
B. Median is greater than mean
C. Scores have three modes
D. Scores are normally distributed

80. Whose influence is the education


program that puts emphasis on selfdevelopment. through the classics, music,
and rituals?
A. Buddha
B. Mohammed
C. Confucius
D. Lao Tsu
81. Which is an appropriate way to manage
off-task behavior?
A. Make eye contact.
B. Stop your class activity to correct a child
who is no longer on task.
C. Move closer to the child.
D. Redirect a child's attention to task and
check his progress to make sure he is
continuing to work.
82. In Krathwohl's taxonomy of objectives in
the affective, which is most authentic?
A. Characterization
B. Organization
C. Responding
D. Valuing

83. Study this group of tests which was


administered with the following results, then
answer the question.
Subject Mean
Math 56
Physics
English

SD
10
41
80

Ronnels's Score
43
9
31
16
109

In which subject(s) were the scores most


homogenous?
A. Math
B. English
C. Physics
D. Physics and Math
84. We encounter people whose prayer goes
like this: "O God, if there is a God; save my
soul, if I have a soul" From whom is this
prayer?
A. Stoic
B. Empiricist
C. Agnostic
D. Skeptic
85. The test item "Group the following items
according to shape" is a thought test item on
__________.
A. creating
B. classifying
C. generalizing
D. comparing

86. Teacher B is a teacher of English as a


Second Language. She uses vocabulary
cards, fill-in-the-blank sentences, dictation
and writing exercises in teaching a lesson
about grocery shopping. Based on this
information, which of the following is a valid
conclusion?
A. The teacher is reinforcing learning by
giving the same information in, a variety
of methods.
B. The teacher is applying Bloom's hierachy
of cognitive learning.
C. The teacher wants to do less talk.

D. The teacher is emphasizing listening and


speaking skills.
87. What is the mean of this score
distribution: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10?
A. 7
B. 6
C. 8.5
D. 7.5
88. Teacher P wants to develop the skill of
synthesizing in her pupils. Which one will
she do?
A. Ask her students to formulate a
generalization from the data shown in
graphs.
B. Ask her students to answer questions
beginning withWhat if ...
C. Tell her pupils to state data presented in
graphs.
D. Directs her students to ask questions on
the parts of the lesson not understood.
89. Bruner's theory on intellectual
development moves from enactive to iconic
and symbolic stages. In which stage(s) are
diagrams helpful to accompany verbal
information?
A. Enactive and iconic
B. Symbolic
C. Symbolic and enactive
D. Iconic
90. Which holds true to standardized tests?
A. They are used for comparative purposes
B. They are administered differently
C. They are scored according to different
standards
D. They are used for assigning grades
91. An effective classroom manager uses
low-profile classroom control. Which is a
low-profile classroom technique?
A. Note to parents
B. After-school detention
C. Withdrawal of privileges
D. Raising the pitch of the voice
92. Which type of report refers toon-thespotdescription of some incident, episode or

occurrence that is being observed and


recorded as being of possible significance?
A. Autobiographical report
B. Biographical report
C. Value and interest report
D. Anecdotal report

B. punishment removes a response


C. punishment does not remove a response
D. punishment weakens a response
97. Helping in the development of graduates
who aremaka-Diyosis an influence of
A. naturalistic morality
B. classical Christian morality
C. situational morality
D. dialectical morality

93. By what name is Indirect instruction the


Socratic method also known?
A. Mastery learning
B. Indirect Method
C. Morrison method
D. Questioning method
94. Teacher A knows of the illegal activities
of a neighbor but keeps quiet in order not to
be involved in any investigation. Which
foundational principle of morality does
Teacher A fail to apply?
A. The end does not justify the means.
B. The principle of double-effect
C. Always do what is right.
D. Between two evils, do the lesser evil.
95. What should a teacher do for students in
his class who are not on grade level?
A. Give them materials on their level and
let them work at a pace that is reasonable
forthem, trying to bring them up to a
grade level.
B. Give them the same work as the other
students, because they will absorb as much as
they are capable of.
C. Give them the same work as the other
students, not much, so that they won't feel
embarrassed.
D. Give them work on the level of the other
students and work a little above the
classmates level to challenge them.
96. A child who gets punished for stealing
candy may not steal again immediately. But
this does not mean that the child may not
steal again. Based on Thorndike's theory on
punishment and learning, this shows that
__________
A. punishment strengthens a response

98. Teacher H gave her first-grade class a


page with a story in which pictures take the
place of some words. Which method did she
use?
A. The whole language approach
B. The Spaulding method
C. The rebus method
D. The language experience approach
99. Soc exhibits fear response to freely
roaming dogs but does not show fear when a
dog is on a leash or confined to a pen. Which
conditioning process is illustrated
A. Generalization
B. Extinction
C. Acquisition
D. Discrimination
100. Teachers often complain of numerous
non-teaching assignments that adversely,
affect their teaching. Does this mean that
teachers must be preoccupied only with
teaching?
A. Yes, if they are given other assignments,
justice demands that they be properly
compensated.
B. Yes, because other community leaders, not
teachers, are tasked to leadin community
activities.
C. NO, because every teacher is expected
to provide leadership and initiative in
activities for betterment of communities.
D. Yes, because teaching is enough full time
job.