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Characteristics and criteria of good research


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Published on Dec 18, 2011

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Ergio Gonzalez
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Sr. Veneranda Santos , Clinical Laboratory at St Paul Hospital of Tuguegarao at St Paul Hospital of Tuguegarao
thanks. very informative
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Elirozana Mohd Elias at SKJ SS(U)


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ratana na lamphun
thank you for a very useful slides
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Characteristics and criteria of good research


1. CHARACTERISTICS AND CRITERIA OF GOOD RESEARCH
2.

What is Research ?

Research Projects.

Characteristics of Good Research.

Criteria For a Good Research.

Process of

Making an Effective Research.


3. Research is: the systematic process of collecting and analyzing information (data) in order to increase our understanding of the
phenomenon about which we are concerned or interested.
4. 1. Originates with a question or problem.2. Requires clear articulation of a goal.3. Follows a specific plan or procedure.4. Often
divides main problem into sub problems.5. Guided by specific problem, question, or hypothesis.6. Accepts certain critical
assumptions.7. Requires collection and interpretation of data.8. Cyclical (helical) in nature.
5.

Research begins with a problem.

Identifying this problem can actually be the hardest part of research.

In general, good

research projects should: Address an important question. Advance knowledge.


6.

Good research requires: The scope and limitations of the work to be clearly defined. The process to be clearly explained so

that it can be reproduced and verified by other researchers. A thoroughly planned design that is as objective as possible.
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7.

Good research requires: Highly ethical standards be applied. All limitations be documented. Data be adequately analyzed

and explained. All findings be presented unambiguously and all conclusions be justified by sufficient evidence.
8.

Research is an extremely cyclic process.

machinery.
9.

Because of the cyclic nature of research, it can be difficult to determine where to start and when to stop.

Raising a Question.

Interpretation.
10.

This isnt a weakness of the process but is part of the built-in error correction

Suggest Hypothesis.

Literature Review.

Literature Evaluation.

Acquire Data.

Data Analysis.

Data

Hypothesis Support.

A question occurs to or is posed to the researcher for which that researcher has no answer.

The question needs to be

converted to an appropriate problem statement like that documented in a research proposal.


11.

The researcher generates intermediate hypotheses to describe a solution to the problem. This is at best a temporary solution

since there is as yet no evidence to support either the acceptance or rejection of these hypothesis.
12. The available literature is reviewed to determine ifthere is already a solution to the problem. Existing solutions do not always
explain new observations. The existing solution might require some revision or even be discarded.
13.

Its possible that the literature review has yielded a solution to the proposed problem.

On the other hand, if the literature

review turns up nothing, then additional research activities are justified.


14.

The researcher now begins to gather data relating to the research problem.

The means of data acquisition will often change

based on the type of the research problem.


15.

The data that were gathered in the previous step are analyzed as a first step in ascertaining their meaning.

As before, the

analysis of the data does not constitute research.


16.

The researcher interprets the newly analyzed data and suggests a conclusion. This can be difficult. Keep in mind that data

analysis that suggests a correlation between two variables cant automatically be interpreted as suggesting causality between those
variables.
17.

The data will either support the hypotheses or they wont. This may lead the researcher to cycle back to an earlier step in the

process and begin again with a new hypothesis. This is one of the self-correcting mechanisms associated with the scientific method.
18. Thank You
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