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PCS-974

Transformer Auxiliary Relay


Instruction Manual

NR Electric Co., Ltd.

Preface

Preface
Introduction
This guide and the relevant operating or service manual documentation for the equipment provide
full information on safe handling, commissioning and testing of this equipment.
Documentation for equipment ordered from NR Electric Co., Ltd. is dispatched separately from
manufactured goods and may not be received at the same time. Therefore this guide is provided
to ensure that printed information normally present on equipment is fully understood by the
recipient.
Before carrying out any work on the equipment the user should be familiar with the contents of this
manual, and read relevant chapters carefully.
This chapter describes the safety precautions recommended when using the equipment. Before
installing and using the equipment, this chapter must be thoroughly read and understood.

Health and Safety


The information in this chapter of the equipment documentation is intended to ensure that
equipment is properly installed and handled in order to maintain it in a safe condition.
When electrical equipment is in operation, dangerous voltages will be present in certain parts of
the equipment. Failure to observe warning notices, incorrect use, or improper use may endanger
personnel and equipment and cause personal injury or physical damage.
Before working in the terminal strip area, the equipment must be isolated.
Proper and safe operation of the equipment depends on appropriate shipping and handling,
proper storage, installation and commissioning, and on careful operation, maintenance and
servicing. For this reason only qualified personnel may work on or operate the equipment.
Qualified personnel are individuals who:

Are familiar with the installation, commissioning, and operation of the equipment and of the
system to which it is being connected;

Are able to safely perform switching operations in accordance with accepted safety
engineering practices and are authorized to energize and de-energize equipment and to
isolate, ground, and label it;

Are trained in the care and use of safety apparatus in accordance with safety engineering
practices;

Are trained in emergency procedures (first aid).

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Instructions and Warnings


The following indicators and standard definitions are used:
DANGER

means that death, severe personal injury, or considerable equipment damage will
occur if safety precautions are disregarded.

WARNING

means that death, severe personal, or considerable equipment damage could occur
if safety precautions are disregarded.

CAUTION

means that light personal injury or equipment damage may occur if safety
precautions are disregarded. This particularly applies to damage to the device and to
resulting damage of the protected equipment.

WARNING!
The firmware may be upgraded to add new features or enhance/modify existing features, please
make sure that the version of this manual is compatible with the product in your hand.
WARNING!
During operation of electrical equipment, certain parts of these devices are under high voltage.
Severe personal injury or significant equipment damage could result from improper behavior.
Only qualified personnel should work on this equipment or in the vicinity of this equipment. These
personnel must be familiar with all warnings and service procedures described in this manual, as
well as safety regulations.
In particular, the general facility and safety regulations for work with high-voltage equipment must
be observed. Noncompliance may result in death, injury, or significant equipment damage.
DANGER!
Never allow the current transformer (CT) secondary circuit connected to this equipment to be
opened while the primary system is live. Opening the CT circuit will produce a dangerously high
voltage.
WARNING!

Exposed terminals
Do not touch the exposed terminals of this equipment while the power is on, as the high
voltage generated is dangerous

Residual voltage
Hazardous voltage can be present in the DC circuit just after switching off the power supply. It
takes a few seconds for the voltage to discharge.
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CAUTION!

Earthing
The earthing terminal of the equipment must be securely earthed

Operating environment
The equipment must only be used within the range of ambient environment detailed in the
specification and in an environment free of abnormal vibration.

Ratings
Before applying AC voltage and current or the power supply to the equipment, check that they
conform to the equipment ratings.

Printed circuit board


Do not attach and remove printed circuit boards when the power supply to the equipment is
on, as this may cause the equipment to malfunction.

External circuit
When connecting the output contacts of the equipment to an external circuit, carefully check
the supply voltage used in order to prevent the connected circuit from overheating.

Connection cable
Carefully handle the connection cable without applying excessive force.

Copyright
Version: 2.01

NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD.


69 Suyuan Avenue. Jiangning, Nanjing 211102, China
Tel: +86-25-87178185,

P/N: EN_YJBH5200.0086.0202

Fax: +86-25-87178208

Website: www.nrelect.com, www.nari-relays.com


Email: nr_techsupport@nari-relays.com

Copyright NR 2013. All rights reserved

We reserve all rights to this document and to the information contained herein. Improper use in particular reproduction and dissemination
to third parties is strictly forbidden except where expressly authorized.
The information in this manual is carefully checked periodically, and necessary corrections will be included in future editions. If
nevertheless any errors are detected, suggestions for correction or improvement are greatly appreciated.
We reserve the rights to make technical improvements without notice.

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Documentation Structure
The manual provides a functional and technical description of this relay and a comprehensive set
of instructions for the relays use and application.
The chapter contents are summarized as below:

1 Introduction
Briefly introduce the application, functions and features about this relay.

2 Technical Data
Introduce the technical data about this relay, such as electrical specifications, mechanical
specifications, ambient temperature and humidity range, communication port parameters, type
tests, setting ranges and accuracy limits and the certifications that our products have passed.

3 Operation Theory
Introduce a comprehensive and detailed functional description of all protective elements.

4 Supervision
Introduce the automatic self-supervision function of this relay.

5 Management
Introduce the management function (measurment and recording) of this relay.

6 Hardware
Introduce the main function carried out by each module of this relay and providing the definition of
pins of each module.

7 Settings
List settings including equipment settings, communication settings, description settings, display
settings, logic link settings and etc., and some notes about the setting application.

8 Human Machine Interface


Introduce the hardware of the human machine interface (HMI) module and a detailed guide for the
user how to use this relay through the HMI. It also lists all the information which can be view
through the HMI, such as settings, measurements, all kinds of reports etc.

9 Communication
Introduce the communication port and protocol which this relay can support, the IEC60970-5-103,
IEC61850 and DNP3.0 protocols are introduced in details.

10 Installation
Introduce the recommendations on unpacking, handling, inspection and storage of this relay. A
guide to the mechanical and electrical installation of this relay is also provided, incorporating
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earthing recommendations. A typical wiring connection to this relay is indicated.

11 Commissioning
Introduce how to commission this relay, comprising checks on the calibration and functionality of
this relay.

12 Maintenance
A general maintenance policy for this relay is outlined.

13 Decommissioning and Disposal


A general decommissioning and disposal policy for this relay is outlined.

14 Manual Version History


List the instruction manual version and the modification history records.

Typographic and Graphical Conventions


Deviations may be permitted in drawings and tables when the type of designator can be obviously
derived from the illustration.
The following symbols are used in drawings:

&
AND gate

OR gate

Comparator

Binary signal via opto-coupler

BI

SET

EN

SIG

OTH

XXX

I>

Input signal from comparator with setting


Input signal of logic setting for function enabling
Input of binary signal except those signals via opto-coupler
Input of other signal

Output signal

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Timer
t

Timer (optional definite-time or inverse-time characteristic)

10ms

0ms

[t1]

Timer [delay pickup (10ms), delay dropoff (0ms), non-settable]

0ms

Timer (t1: delay pickup, settable)

0ms

[t2]

Timer (t2: delay dropoff, settable)

[t1]

[t2]

Timer (t1: delay pickup, t2: delay dropoff, settable)

IDMT

Timer (inverse-time characteristic)

*
*

Instrument current transformer

Instrument voltage transformer

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1 Introduction

1 Introduction
Table of Contents
1.1 Application ....................................................................................................... 1-1
1.2 Application ....................................................................................................... 1-1
1.3 Functions ......................................................................................................... 1-1
1.4 Features............................................................................................................ 1-2

List of Figures
Figure 1.2-1 Typical Application ...............................................................................................1-1

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1.1 Application
1.2 Application
The PCS-974 relay is a transformer auxiliary relay applied for the protection of a transformer,
which provides mechanical protection, pole disagreement protection and breaker failure initiation.
Mechanical signal could be configured as thermal, gas, oil temperature, winding temperature,
pressure, oil level and so on.

PCS-974
52
MR

50BF

Mechanical signal
from transformer

52

62PD

DFR

MR: Mechanical protection


50BF: Breaker failure initiation
62PD: Pole disagreement protection
DFR: Disturbance&fault recorder

52

Figure 1.2-1 Typical Application

1.3 Functions

Mechanical protection (26: oil and winding temperature; 63: gas, pressure; 71: oil level; etc)

Breaker failure initiation (50BF)

Pole disagreement protection (62PD)

CT circuit failure supervision(CTS)

Power supervision of mechanical protection

Self diagnostic test

GPS time synchronization

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Perfect fault recording function

Event Recorder including 1024 status change of binary input reports, 1024 alarm
reports and 1024 latest user operation records

Disturbance recorder including 64 fault reports, and 64 waveforms, and file format of
waveform is compatible with international COMTRADE91 and COMTRADE99 file. Up to
200 binary inputs can be recorded, and three oscillograph triggering mode are
supported, which are protection triggering, manual triggering, remote triggering through
PCS-EXPLORER software.

Communication ports

RS-485 ports and Ethernet ports supporting with IEC 60870-5-103 or IEC 61850-8-1
protocol.

Rear RS-485 with clock synchronization.

One rear RS-232 or RS-485 with printer

One front RS-232 port for debuging

GOOSE communication function (optional module)

1.4 Features

On the premise of 24 samples per cycle, all data measurement, calculation and logic
discrimination could be done within one sampling period. The event recording and protection
logic calculation are completed simultaneously.

20x3 channels of mechanical signal input are provided for instantaneous tripping, and among
which 4x3 singnals for tripping with time delay.

Power supply of mechanical quantity input circuit is monitored.

Friendly HMI Interface


The HMI interface with a LCD and a 9-button keypad on the front panel is very friendly to the
user.

Various Clock Synchronizations


Various GPS clock synchronizations: PPS(pulse per second)/PPM(pulse per minitue),
message via communication ports and IRIG-B synchronization.

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2 Technical Data
Table of Contents
2.1 Electrical Specifications ................................................................................. 2-1
2.1.1 Power Supply .....................................................................................................................2-1
2.1.2 Binary Input ........................................................................................................................2-1
2.1.3 Binary Output ......................................................................................................................2-1

2.2 Mechanical Specifications .............................................................................. 2-2


2.3 Ambient Temperature and Humidity Range .................................................. 2-2
2.4 Communication Port ....................................................................................... 2-2
2.4.1 EIA-485 Port .......................................................................................................................2-2
2.4.2 Ethernet Port ......................................................................................................................2-2
2.4.3 Optical Fibre Port ................................................................................................................2-3
2.4.4 Print Port.............................................................................................................................2-3
2.4.5 Clock Synchronization Port.................................................................................................2-3

2.5 Type Tests ........................................................................................................ 2-4


2.5.1 Environmental Tests ...........................................................................................................2-4
2.5.2 Mechanical Tests ................................................................................................................2-4
2.5.3 Electrical Tests ....................................................................................................................2-4
2.5.4 Electromagnetic Compatibility ............................................................................................2-4

2.6 Management Functions................................................................................... 2-5


2.6.1 Clock Performance .............................................................................................................2-5
2.6.2 Binary Input Signal .............................................................................................................2-5

2.7 Protective Functions ....................................................................................... 2-5


2.7.1 Breaker Failure Initiation .....................................................................................................2-5
2.7.2 Pole Disagreement Protection ............................................................................................2-5
2.7.3 Mechanical Protection ........................................................................................................2-6

2.8 Certifications .................................................................................................... 2-6

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2.1 Electrical Specifications


2.1.1 Power Supply
Standard

IEC 60255-11:2008

Rated Voltage

110Vdc/125Vdc, 220Vdc/250Vdc

Variation

80~300Vdc

Permissible AC ripple voltage

15% of the nominal auxiliary voltage

Burden
Quiescent condition

<25W

Operating condition

<30W

2.1.2 Binary Input


Rated Voltage

24Vdc

48Vdc

110Vdc

125Vdc

220Vdc

250Vdc

Rated current drain

1.2mA

2.4mA

1.1mA

1.25mA

2.2mA

2.5mA

13V~17V

26V~34V

60.5V~77V

70~87.5V

Pickup voltage
Dropout voltage

50% of pickup voltage

Maximum permissible voltage

100Vdc

Withstand voltage

2000Vac, 2800Vdc (continuously)

Resolving time for logic input

<1ms

121V~154V

300Vdc

2.1.3 Binary Output


Output type

Tripping contact

Signal contact

Output mode

Potential free contact


5A@380Vac

8A@380Vac

5A@250Vdc

8A@250Vdc

Pickup time

<8ms (typical 3ms)

<10ms

Dropoff time

<5ms

<10ms

0.65A@48Vdc

1.20A@48Vdc

0.30A@110Vdc

0.50A@110Vdc

0.15A@220Vdc

0.25A@220Vdc

300mW

400mW

380Vac

380Vac

250Vdc

250Vdc

1000V RMS for 1min

1000V RMS for 1min

6A@3s

10A@3s

15A@0.5s

20A@0.5s

30A@0.2s

30A@0.2s

10,000 operations minimum

10,000 operations minimum

Continuous carry

Breaking capacity (L/R=40ms)

Burden
Maximal system voltage
Test

voltage

across

open

contact

Short duration current

Durability
NOTE!

Signal output contacts include watchdog contacts.

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NOTE! Tripping output contacts are not connected to trip circuit breakers directly. They are
connected to interposing relays or lockout relays contacts which are connected to trip
circuit breakers.

2.2 Mechanical Specifications


Mounting Way

Flush mounted

Housing color

Silver grey

Weight per device

Approx. 30 (kg)

Housing material

Aluminum alloy

Location of terminal

Rear panel of the device

Device structure

Plug-in modular type @ rear side, integrated frontplate

Protection class
Standard

IEC 60255-1:2009

Front side

IP40, up to IP51 (With cover)

Other sides

IP30

Rear

side,

connection

terminals

IP20

2.3 Ambient Temperature and Humidity Range


Standard

IEC 60225-1: 2009

Operating temperature

-40C to +70C (Readability of display may be impaired below -20C)

Transport

and

storage

temperature range

-40C to +70C

Permissible humidity

5%-95%, without condensation

Pollution degree

Altitude

<3000m

2.4 Communication Port


2.4.1 EIA-485 Port
Baud rate

4.8kbit/s, 9.6kbit/s, 19.2kbit/s, 38.4kbit/s, 57.6kbit/s, 115.2kbit/s

Protocol

IEC 60870-5-103:1997

Maximal capacity

32

Transmission distance

<500m

Safety level

Isolation to ELV level

Twisted pair

Screened twisted pair cable

2.4.2 Ethernet Port


Connector type

RJ-45

Transmission rate

100Mbits/s

ST, SC (Multi mode)

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Transmission standard

10Base-T/100Base-TX

100Base-FX

Transmission distance

<100m

<2km (1310nm)

Protocol

IEC 60870-5-103:1997, DNP 3.0 or IEC 61850

Safety level

Isolation to ELV level

2.4.3 Optical Fibre Port


2.4.3.1 For Station Level
Characteristic

Glass optical fiber

Connector type

ST

Fibre type

Multi mode

Transmission distance

<2km

Wave length

1310nm

Transmission power

Min. -20.0dBm

Minimum receiving power

Min. -30.0dBm

Margin

Min +3.0dB

2.4.3.2 For Process Level


Characteristic

Glass optical fiber

Connector type

LC

Fibre type

Multi mode

Transmission distance

<2km

Wave length

1310nm

Transmission power

Min. -20.0dBm

Minimum receiving power

Min. -30.0dBm

Margin

Min +3.0dB

2.4.4 Print Port


Type

RS-232

Baud Rate

4.8kbit/s, 9.6kbit/s, 19.2kbit/s, 38.4kbit/s, 57.6kbit/s, 115.2kbit/s

Printer type

EPSON 300K printer

Safety level

Isolation to ELV level

2.4.5 Clock Synchronization Port


Type

RS-485

Transmission distance

<500m

Maximal capacity

32

Timing standard

PPS, IRIG-B

Safety level

Isolation to ELV level

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2.5 Type Tests


2.5.1 Environmental Tests
Dry cold test

IEC60068-2-1:2007

Dry heat test

IEC60068-2-2:2007

Damp heat test, cyclic

Per IEC60068-2-30:2005

2.5.2 Mechanical Tests


Vibration

IEC 60255-21-1:1988 Class I

Shock and bump

IEC 60255-21-2:1988 Class I

2.5.3 Electrical Tests


Standard

IEC 60255-27:2005

Dielectric tests

Test voltage 2kV, 50Hz, 1min

Standard

IEC 60255-5:2000

Impulse voltage tests

Test voltage 5kV

Overvoltage category

III

Insulation

resistance

measurements

Isolation resistance >100M@500VDC

2.5.4 Electromagnetic Compatibility


IEC 60255-22-1:2007
1MHz burst disturbance test

Common mode: class III 2.5kV


Differential mode: class III 1.0kV
IEC60255-22-2:2008 class IV

Electrostatic discharge test

For contact discharge: 8kV


For air discharge: 15kV
IEC 60255-22-3:2007 class III
Frequency sweep
Radiated amplitude-modulated

Radio frequency interference


tests

10V/m (rms), f=80~1000MHz


Spot frequency
Radiated amplitude-modulated
10V/m (rms), f=80MHz/160MHz/450MHz/900MHz
Radiated pulse-modulated
10V/m (rms), f=900MHz
IEC 60255-22-4:2008

Fast

transient

disturbance

tests

Power supply, I/O, Earth: class IV, 4kV, 2.5kHz, 5/50ns


Communication terminals: class IV, 2kV, 5kHz, 5/50ns
Per IEC 60255-22-5:2008

Surge immunity test

Power supply, AC input, I/O port: class IV, 1.2/50us


Common mode: 4kV
Differential mode: 2kV
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Conducted

RF

IEC 60255-22-6:2001

Electromagnetic Disturbance

Power supply, AC, I/O, Comm. Terminal: Class III, 10Vrms, 150 kHz~80MHz

Power Frequency Magnetic

IEC 61000-4-8:2001

Field Immunity

class V, 100A/m for 1min, 1000A/m for 3s

Pulse Magnetic Field Immunity

IEC 61000-4-9:2001
class V, 6.4/16s, 1000A/m for 3s

Damped oscillatory magnetic

IEC 61000-4-10:2001

field immunity

class V, 100kHz & 1MHz100A/m

Auxiliary

power

supply

performance

IEC60255-11: 2008
Voltage dips: Up to 500ms for dips to 40% of rated voltage without reset
Voltage short interruptions: 100ms for interruption without rebooting

2.6 Management Functions


2.6.1 Clock Performance
Real time clock accuracy

3s/day

Accuracy of GPS synchronization

1ms

External time synchronization

IRIG-B (200-98), PPS, SNTP protocol

2.6.2 Binary Input Signal


Resolution of binary input signal

1ms

Binary input mode

Potential-free contact

Resolution of SOE

2ms

2.7 Protective Functions


2.7.1 Breaker Failure Initiation
Range of phase current setting

0.04A~150A

Range of zero sequence current setting

0.04A~150A

Range of negative sequence current setting

0.04A~150A

Time setting range

0s~360s

Current setting tolerance

2.5% of setting or 0.02In, whichever is greater

Time setting tolerance

1% of setting + 40ms

2.7.2 Pole Disagreement Protection


Time setting range

0s~360s

Time setting tolerance

1% of setting + 40ms

Control elements
Range of zero sequence current setting

0.04A~150A

Range of negative sequence current setting

0.04A~150A

Time setting range

0s~360s

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Current setting tolerance

2.5% of setting or 0.02In, whichever is greater

2.7.3 Mechanical Protection


Time setting range of MR1~MR4

0s ~1200s

Time setting tolerance

1% of setting+ 40ms

2.8 Certifications

ISO9001: 2008

ISO14001:2004

OHSAS18001: 2007

ISO10012:2003

CMMI L4

EMC: 2004/108/EC, EN50263:1999

Products safety(PS): 2006/95/EC, EN61010-1: 2001

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3 Operation Theory
Table of Contents
3.1 Mechanical Protection (MR) ............................................................................ 3-1
3.1.1 Overview.............................................................................................................................3-1
3.1.2 Tripping Directly ..................................................................................................................3-1
3.1.3 Tripping with Time Delay.....................................................................................................3-2
3.1.4 Logic of MR Trip with Time Delay .......................................................................................3-3

3.2 Pole Disagreement Protection (PD) ............................................................... 3-4


3.2.1 Control Element ..................................................................................................................3-5
3.2.2 Logic ...................................................................................................................................3-5

3.3 Breaker Failure Initiation (50BF) .................................................................... 3-7


3.3.1 Operation Criteria ...............................................................................................................3-7
3.3.2 Control Element ..................................................................................................................3-8
3.3.3 Logic ...................................................................................................................................3-8

3.4 CT Circuit Supervision (CTS) ......................................................................... 3-9

List of Figures
Figure 3.1-2

Trip Directly ........................................................................................................3-1

Figure 3.1-3

Trip with Time Delay ..........................................................................................3-2

Figure 3.1-4

Logic of MR1 ......................................................................................................3-3

Figure 3.1-5

Logical of MR2 (or MR3) protection .................................................................3-4

Figure 3.2-1 Logical of pole disagreement protection ...........................................................3-6


Figure 3.3-1

Logical diagram of breaker failure initiation....................................................3-8

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3.1 Mechanical Protection (MR)


3.1.1 Overview
When the mechanical signal from transformer mechanical relay (MR) arrives at PCS-974, it
repeats the mechanical signal to annunciation signal, remote signal, and disturbance&fault
recording (DFR) signal, and trip signals. Simultaneously, the relay stores the state change of a
binary input of MR signal, the repeated alarm signal and the repeated operation signal.
According to the difference of the importance of mechanical signals transformer MR protection, the
mechanical signals are classified into three groups: mechanical signals for warning, mechanical
signals for tripping with delay, and mechanical signals for direct tripping.
For the mechanical signal for warning, such as light gas signal, the relay repeats the mechanical
signal for those warning signals. For the mechanical signal for tripping with delay, besides those
warning signals, the relay issues tripping signal with time delay to make tripping output relay
operate simultaneously. For the mechanical signals for direct tripping, besides those warning
signals, the relay issues tripping signal directly simultaneously.
Mechanical signals MR1~MR20 (three phase signals) of PCS-974FG relay are not controlled by
the relays CPU, which means that when the mechanical signal arrives, the relay will issue the
corresponding warning signals. Besides, the relay can operate to trip directly at the same time if
the input terminals of RLY module are connected to the corresponding tripping signal contact.
Besides, among 20x3 mechanical signals, mechanical signal MR1~MR4 (three phase signals) can
be controlled by the relay CPU, i.e. those mechanical signals are repeated to trip after a delay with
warning signals being issued simultaneously.

3.1.2 Tripping Directly


When any of mechanical signals (MR1~MR20, three phase signals) arrives at the PCS-974FG, it
requires the device to initiate a trip command immediately without any time delay. The wiring
schematic is seen in Figure 3.1-1. As soon as the normal open contact of transformer MR is closed,
the PCS-974FG starts trip command right away. At the same time, the device issues annunciation
signal, remote signal and DFR signal via corresponding terminals.
AUX-

Contact from
Transformer MR
Tripping
Annunciation Signal

Remote Signal

DFR Signal

Figure 3.1-1 Trip Directly

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NOTE:

When any one phase signal of the mechanical signals MR1, MR2, MR20

arrive, associated normal open contact of binary output relay is closed to issue a trip
command. It will not drop off until the mechanical signal is gone.

3.1.3 Tripping with Time Delay


Occasionally, when some mechanical fault happens, such as power failure of transformer cooling
system, after the fault is isolated by associated MR, it allows the transformer to continue operating
for a certain time that is decided by transformer characteristics, customers application standard,
etc. Consequently, this group of mechanical signals (MR1~M04, three phase signals) is used in an
application where it needs a time delay from the PCS-974FG receiving the mechanical fault signal
to it initiating a trip command. The wiring schematic is proposed in Figure 3.1-2.

AUX-

AUX+
2

Tripping

Delay
Internal+

Internal-

RELAY

Contact from
Transformer MR

Annunciation Signal

Remote Signal

FDR Signal

Figure 3.1-2

Trip with Time Delay

Once the normal open contact of transformer MR is closed, a normal open contact 1 of the relay is
closed to conduct the optical coupler. After a configurable time delay, normal open contact 2 is
closed by the special processing circuit to initiate a trip command to open CB and issue several
alarm annunciation signals.
NOTE: When any one phase signal of the mechanical signals MR1~MR4 arrives,
associated normal open contact of binary output relay is closed after a time delay or
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without time delay to issue a trip command. It will not drop off until the mechanical signal
is gone.

3.1.4 Logic of MR Trip with Time Delay


PCS-974FG provides four MR trip elements with time delay, MR1, MR2, MR3 and MR4. The
protection logical diagram of MR1 is slightly different from the others, and operation logic of phase
A of MR1 signal is shown in Figure 3.1-3.
3.1.4.1 Logic of MR1 protection

BI

[BI_EnDlyMR]

&

LINK [Link_EnDlyMR]
SET

[MR1.En_FixDly]

BI

[BI_PhA_MR01]

&
&

[MR1.En_OpDly]

SET

[MR1.En_MR14CtrlMR1]

BI

0ms

[MR1.t_OpDly]

0ms

&
&

SET

[MR1.t_FixDly]

&

[MR1.Op]

[BI_PhA_MR14]

Figure 3.1-3 Logic of MR1

Where:
[BI_EnDlyMR]: the binary input of enabling mechanical protection with time delay.
[Link_EnDlyMR]: the logic link of enabling mechanical protection with time delay.
[MR1.En_FixDly]: the logic setting of enabling MR1 protection to issue a trip command after the
fixed time delay [MR1.t_FixDly].
[MR1.En_OpDly]: the logic setting of enabling MR1 protection to issue a trip command after the
time delay [MR1.t_OpDly].
[MR1.En_MR14CtrlMR1]: the logic setting of enabling binary input of MR14 to control MR1
protection.
[BI_PhA_MR01]: the binary input of MR1 signal from transformer mechanical protection.
[BI_PhA_MR14]: the binary input of MR14 signal from transformer mechanical protection.
[MR1.t_FixDly]: the fixed delay of MR1 for tripping.
[MR1.t_OpDly]: the time delay of MR1 for tripping.
[MR1.Op]: MR1 mechanical protection operating to issued trip command.
MR1 has two kinds of time delay, [MR1.t_FixDly] and [MR1.t_OpDly]. They can be used
separately or in cooperation. There are following three modes of MR1 protection by configuring
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logic settings.
(1) When [MR1.En_FixDly] is set as 1 and MR1 arrives, after a delay of [MR1.t_FixDly],
PCS-974FG initiates a trip command to CB.
(2) When [MR1.En_OpDly] is set as 1 and [MR1.En _MR14CtrlMR1] is set as 0, MR1
protection is out of control of MR14 signal and [MR1.t_OpDly] has the same meaning as
[MR1.t_FixDly].
(3) When both [MR1.En_OpDly] and [MR1.En _MR14CtrlMR1] are set as 1, MR1 protection is
under the control of MR14 signal. As MR1 arrives and hold for [MR1.t_OpDly], if
[BI_PhA_MR14] is still 0, MR1 protection is blocked by MR10 signal to issue a trip command
to CB. If MR1 signal arrives and hold for [MR1.t_OpDly], now supposing that [BI_PhA_MR14]
is 1, PCS-974FG initiates a trip command.
In this cooperation way, [MR1.t_FixDly] should be set longer than [MR1.t_OpDly]. Otherwise,
[MR1.t_OpDly] will not actually function.
3.1.4.2 Logic of MR2~MR4
MR2, MR3 and MR4 have same protection logic with independent settings and here phase A of
MR2 is taken as an example to protection logic.

SET

[MR2.En_FixDly]

&
[MR2.t_FixDly]

BI

[BI_PhA_MR02]

BI

[BI_EnDlyMR]

0ms

&
[MR2.Op]

LINK [Link_EnDlyMR]

Figure 3.1-4 Logic diagram of MR2 (or MR3, MR4) protection

Where:
[MR2.En_FixDly]: the logic setting of enabling MR2 protection to issue a trip command after the
delay [MR2.t_FixDly].
[BI_PhA_MR02]: the binary input of MR2 signal from transformer mechanical protection;
[BI_EnDlyMR]: the binary input of enabling mechanical protection with time delay.
[Link_EnDLyMR]: the logic link of enabling mechanical protection with time delay.
[MR2.t_FixDly]: the time delay of MR2 protection for tripping;
[MR2.Op]: MR2 protection operating to issued trip command.

3.2 Pole Disagreement Protection (PD)


With voltage level involved, the switching equipment usually consists of single pole devices that

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are not mechanically linked, with each pole having an independent operating mechanism. With
such an arrangement, the possibility exists that one pole may not operate coincidentally with the
other poles, thus creating an undesirable imbalance in system voltages or, in case the switching
equipment were called upon to clear a fault, might fail to remove the faulted source from service.
So that if a pole disagreement fault is detected, after a certain delay, PCS-974FG will initiate a trip
command to trip all poles of the switching equipment.

3.2.1 Control Element


PCS-974FG provides three kinds of overcurrent control elements for pole disagreement protection:
phase overcurrent element, residual overcurrent element and negative-sequence overcurrent
element which are configurable by logic settings and are OR relation to release pole
disagreement protection.
Ipmax>[62PD.Ip_Set]
or 3I0>[62PD.3I0_Set]

Equation 3.2-1

or I2>[62PD.I2_Set]

Where:
Ipmax: the maximum value of phase current.
3I0: the calculated residual current.
I2: the negative-sequence current.
[62PD.Ip_Set]: the current setting of phase overcurrent element for pole disagreement protection.
[62PD.3I0_Set]: the current setting of residual overcurrent element for pole disagreement
protection.
[62PD.I2_Set]: the current setting of negative-sequence overcurrent element for pole
disagreement protection,.
The binary input of three-pole tripping from external relay ([BI_ExTCtrlPD2]) is used to control
delay 2 of pole disagreement protection.

3.2.2 Logic
The logical of pole disagreement protection is shown in the following figure.

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SIG

3I0>[62PD.3I0_Set]

SET

[62PD.En_3I0]

&

SET

[62PD.En_I2]
&

SIG

I2>[62PD.I2_Set]

BI

[BI_PD]

SET

[62PD.En_t1]

BI

[BI_En62PD]

LINK

[Link_En62PD]

&
[62PD.t2_Op]

0ms

[62PD.Op_t1]

&

&

SIG

Ipmax>[62PD.Ip_Set]

SET

[62PD.En_Ip_t2]

SIG

3I0>[62PD.3I0_Set]

SET

[62PD.En_3I0]

SIG

I2>[62PD.I2_Set]]

SET

[62PD.En_I2]

BI

[BI_ExTCtrlPD2]

SET

[62PD.En_ExTrp_t2]

BI

[BI_PD]

SET

[62PD.En_t2]

BI

[BI_En62PD]

LINK

[Link_En62PD]

&

1
&

&

&
[62PD.t2_Op]

0ms

[62PD.Op_t2]

&

&

Figure 3.2-1 Logic diagram of pole disagreement protection

Where:
Ipmax, 3I0, I2, [62PD.Ip_Set], [62PD.3I0_Set] and [62PD.I2_Set]: same meanings as those
mentioned in above section.
[62PD.En_3I0]: the logic setting of enabling pole disagreement protection being controlled by
residual overcurrent element.

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[62PD.En_I2]: the logic setting of enabling pole disagreement protection being controlled by
zero-sequence overcurrent element.
[62PD.En_Ip_t2]: the logic setting of enabling delay 2 of pole disagreement protection being
controlled by phase overcurrent element.
[62PD.En_t1]: the logic setting of enabling delay 1 of pole disagreement protection.
[62PD.En_t2]: the logic setting of enabling delay 2 of pole disagreement protection.
[BI_PD]: the binary input of pole disagreement position of circuit breaker.
[BI_En62PD]: the binary input of enabling pole disagreement protection.
[Link_En62PD]: the logic link of enabling pole disagreement protection.
[62PD.En_ExTrp_t2]: the logic setting of enabling delay 2 of pole disagreement protection being
controlled by binary input of three-pole tripping from external relay.
[BI_ExTCtrlPD2]: the binary input of three-pole tripping from external relay.
[62PD.t1]: the time delay of delay 1 of pole disagreement protection.
[62PD.t2]: the time delay of delay 2 of pole disagreement protection.
[62PD.Op_t1]: the delay 1 of pole disagreement protection operates to issue tripping command.
[62PD.Op_t2]: the delay 2 of pole disagreement protection operates to issue tripping command.

3.3 Breaker Failure Initiation (50BF)


This function is specifically used to detect breaker failure which is that breaker fails to be tripped to
clear fault after it receives tripping command. After breaker failure is detected, contacts of initiating
breaker failure initiation are sent out to external relay which is responsible for issuing tripping
command.

3.3.1 Operation Criteria


Breaker failure initiation in PCS-974FG is initiated by one of three elements: phase overcurrent
element, residual current element or negative sequence current element. Followings are criteria of
those elements:
Ipmax >[50BF.Ip_Set]
3I0>[50BF.3I0_Set]

Equation 3.3-1

I2 >[50BF.I2_Set]
Where:
Ipmax: the maximum value of phase current.
3I0: the calculated residual current.
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I2: the negative-sequence current.


[62PD.Ip_Set]: the current setting of phase overcurrent element breaker failure initiation.
[62PD.3I0_Set]: the current setting of residual overcurrent element for breaker failure initiation.
[62PD.I2_Set]: the current setting of negative-sequence overcurrent element for breaker failure
initiation.

3.3.2 Control Element


It is configurable whether the breaker failure initiation is blocked by any one of following contacts:
pole disagreement position ([BI_PD]), closed state of breaker auxiliary contact ([BI_52a]) or
external tripping signal ( [BI_ExTCtrBFI]).

3.3.3 Logic
PCS-974FG provides two delays for breaker failure initiation, and the corresponding logic diagram
is shown below.
SET

[50BF.En_t1]

&
[50BF.t1_Op]

SIG

Ipmax>[62PD.Ip_Set]

SIG

3I0>[50BF.3I0_Set]

SET

[50BF.En_3I0]

SIG

I2>[50BF.I2_Set]]

SET

[50BF.En_I2]

SET

[50BF.En_ExTrp_Ctrl]

BI

[BI_ExTCtrlBFI]

SET

[50BF.En_52a_Ctrl]

BI

[BI_52a]

SET

[50BF.En_PD_Ctrl]

BI

[BI_PD]

EN

[50BF.En]

BI

[BI_En50BF]

LINK

[Link_En50BF]

&

0ms

[50BF.Op_t1]

&

&

&

&

&

&
[50BF.t2_Op]

SET

0ms

[50BF.Op_t2]

[50BF.En_t2]

Figure 3.3-1 Logic diagram of breaker failure initiation

Where:
Ipmax, 3I0, I2, [50BF.Ip_Set], [50BF.3I0_Set] and [50BF.I2_Set]: same meanings as those
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mentioned in above section.


[50BF.En_t1]: the logic setting of enabling delay 1 of breaker failure initiation.
[50BF.En_t2]: the logic setting of enabling delay 2 of breaker failure initiation.
[50BF.En_ExTrp_Ctrl]: the logic setting of enabling binary input [BI_ExTCtrlBFI] to control breaker
failure initiation.
[BI_ExTCtrlBFI]: the binary input of external tripping contact from other protection equipment.
[50BF.En_PD_Ctrl]: the logic setting of enabling binary input [BI_PD] to control breaker failure
initiation.
[BI_PD]: the binary input of pole disagreement position of circuit breaker.
[50BF.En_52a_Ctrl]: the logic setting of enabling binary input [BI_52a] to control breaker failure
initiation.
[BI_52a]: the binary input of normally open auxiliary contact of circuit breaker.
[50BF.En]: the logic setting of enabling breaker failure initiation.
[50BF.En_3I0]: the logic setting of enabling breaker failure initiation being controlled by residual
overcurrent element.
[50BF.En_I2]: the logic setting of enabling breaker failure initiation being controlled by
negative-sequence overcurrent element.
[BI_En50BF]: the binary input of enabling breaker failure initiation.
[Link_En50BF]: the logic link of enabling breaker failure initiation.
[50BF.t1]: the time delay of delay 1 of breaker failure initiation.
[50BF.t2]: the time delay of delay 2 of breaker failure initiation.
[50BF.Op_t1]: the delay 1 of breaker failure initiation operates to issue tripping command.
[50BF.Op_t2]: the delay 2 of breaker failure initiation operates to issue tripping command.

3.4 CT Circuit Supervision (CTS)


If negative sequence current is greater than 0.1In (In is the secondary rated current.) or residual
current is greater than 0.06In over 10s, the device will issue an alarm message as [AlmL_CTS] on
LCD. For the meantime, LED ALARM is lit on and associated normal open contacts of
equipment alarm relay are closed to issue annunciation signal, remote signal and event recording.
This alarm information can also be sent to SCADA by communication port. At this time, the device
can also endure on service.
The LED ALARM will be extinguished automatically 10s later after the three-phase current
returns to normal state.

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4 Supervision
Table of Contents
4.1 Overview........................................................................................................... 4-1
4.2 Relay Self-supervision .................................................................................... 4-1
4.2.1 Relay Hardware Supervision ..............................................................................................4-1
4.2.2 Output Circuit Supervision ..................................................................................................4-1
4.2.3 Setting Checking ................................................................................................................4-1
4.2.4 Memory Checking ...............................................................................................................4-2
4.2.5 Opto-coupler Power Supervision ........................................................................................4-2
4.2.6 Fault Detector Element Supervision ...................................................................................4-2
4.2.7 Test Mode Supervision .......................................................................................................4-2

4.3 Equipment Operation Supervision ................................................................. 4-2


4.3.1 Current Transformer Supervision (CTS) .............................................................................4-2

4.4 Failure and Abnormality Alarms ..................................................................... 4-3


4.4.1 Hardware Self-supervision Alarms ......................................................................................4-3
4.4.2 Equipment Operation Alarms ..............................................................................................4-7

List of Tables
Table 4.4-1 Equipment self-check alarm list ...........................................................................4-3
Table 4.4-2 Equipment operation alarm list.............................................................................4-7

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4.1 Overview
Though the protection system is in non-operating state under normal conditions, it is waiting for a
power system fault to occur at any time and must operate for the fault without fail. When
equipment is in energizing process before the LED HEALTHY is on, the equipment needs to be
checked to ensure no errors. Therefore, the automatic supervision function, which checks the
health of the protection system when startup and during normal operation, plays an important role.
The numerical relay based on the microprocessor operations is suitable for implementing this
automatic supervision function of the protection system.
In case a fatal fault is detected during automatic supervision, the equipment will be blocked. It
means that relay is out of service. Before you must re-energize the relays or reset CPU module
and MON module to make relay back into service, please find out the cause and inform the
factory.
When a failure is detected by the automatic supervision, it is followed with an LCD message, LED
indication and alarm contact outputs. At the same time event recording will record the failure alarm
which can be viewed in event recording report and be printed.

4.2 Relay Self-supervision


4.2.1 Relay Hardware Supervision
All chips on each module are monitored to ensure whether they are damaged or have errors. If
any one of them is detected damaged or having error, the corresponding alarm signal
[ProtBrd.Fail_DSP] or [FDBrd.Fail_DSP] is issued with equipment being blocked.
AC current inputs are monitored and if the samples are detected to be wrong or inconsistent, an
alarm [ProtBrd.Fail_Sampel] or [FDBrd.Fail_Sample] will be issued and the relay will be blocked.

4.2.2 Output Circuit Supervision


State of binary outputs on each BO module at slot BXX(XX is the slot number) is continuously
monitored.
If any abnormality is detected on the module and the output contact for tripping, the corresponding
alarm signal [BXX.Fail_Output] will be issued with equipment being blocked.
If any abnormality is detected on the module and the output contact for signal, the corresponding
alarm signal [BXX.Alm_Output] will be issued without equipment being blocked.

4.2.3 Setting Checking


This relay has 10 setting groups, while only one is active at the same time. The settings of active
setting group are checked to ensure they are reasonable. If settings are checked to be
unreasonable or out of setting scopes, a corresponding alarm signal will be issued, and the
protective device is also blocked.
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4.2.4 Memory Checking


Data in non-volatile memory, which are not changed after device energized, are always checked
during device normal operation, such as settings, pointers, etc. If these data changed abnormally,
the corresponding alarm [ProtBrd.Memory] or [FDBrd.Memory] will be issued.

4.2.5 Opto-coupler Power Supervision


Positive power supply of opto-coupler on each BI module at slot XX is continuously monitored, and
if a failure or damage on the module is detected, then the alarm signal [BXX.Alm_OptoDC] will be
issued.

4.2.6 Fault Detector Element Supervision


If any fault detector picks up to trigger oscillography function, the corresponding binary input
changing report will be recorded in IO Events menu with tripping report [TrigDFR] being issued.
If a fault detector for protection or fault detector calculation keeps picking up for 10s, the
corresponding alarm signal [ProtBrd.Alm_PersistPkp] or [FDBrd.Alm_Pkp] will be issued without
equipment being blocked.

4.2.7 Test Mode Supervision


When protection equipment is in communication test mode the alarm signal [Alm_CommTest] is
issued without blocking equipment.

4.3 Equipment Operation Supervision


4.3.1 Current Transformer Supervision (CTS)
The CTS function will be always processed all the time, which includes following two aspects
The CTS logic in the relay is designed to detect the CT secondary circuit to ensure that current
measurement is the actual value of power system. The main purpose of the CTS function is to
ensure the integrity of the CT circuits maintaining the performance of protective equipment.
If negative sequence current is greater than 0.1In (In is the secondary rated current.) or residual
current is greater than 0.06In over 10s, the device will issue an alarm message as [AlmL_CTS] on
LCD. For the meantime, LED ALARM is lit on and associated normal open contacts of
equipment alarm relay are closed to issue annunciation signal, remote signal and event recording.
This alarm information can also be sent to SCADA by communication port. At this time, the device
can also endure on service.
The LED ALARM will be extinguished automatically 10s later after the three-phase current
returns to normal state.

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4.4 Failure and Abnormality Alarms


NOTE Following alarm messages and corresponding LED indicators are fixed in
equipment software. Besides, there are other programmable LED indicators configured
according to user requirement.

4.4.1 Hardware Self-supervision Alarms


Equipment hardware circuits and software working conditions are always monitored by the relay. If
any abnormality occurs, the corresponding alarm message will be issued on the LCD of the
equipment.
When some light failures are detected, part of protection functions probably be disabled and
others can still work. Some server failures of hardware or software will result in the equipment
being blocked and the contacts of equipment failure will operate at same time. During that
condition, the protection relay has to be out of service for maintenance.
NOTEIf an alarm signal is issued with equipment being blocked, please try to make a fault
diagnosis by referring the issued alarm messages but not to simply reboot or re-power the
relay. If user cannot find the failure reason on site, please inform manufacturer for
maintenance.
Table 4.4-1 Equipment self-check alarm list
No.

Alarm Message

Meaning Description

Alm_Device

The device is abnormal.

Alm_CommTest

The device is in the communication test mode.

Alm_TimeSyn

Time synchronization abnormality alarm.

Alm_Version

Alm_Settings_MON

BI_Maintenance

Alm_BI_SettingGrp

BXX.Alm_OptoDC

ProtBrd.Alm_PersistPkp

10

FDBrd.Alm_PersistPkp

11

ProtBrd.Alm_PersistBlk

The error is found during checking the version of software


downloaded to the device.
The error is found during MON module checking settings of
device.
The device is in maintenance state.
The active group set by settings in device and that set by
binary input are not matched
The power supply of BXX binary input module is abnormal.
The duration of pickup of any fault detector for protection
calculation is in excess of 10s.
The duration of pickup of any fault detector for fault detector
calculation is in excess of 10s.
The protection logic of protection module keeps being blocked
over 10s.

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No.

Alarm Message

12

FDBrd.Alm_PersistBlk

13

Bxx.Alm_Output

14

Bxx.Alm

Meaning Description
The protection logic of fault detector module keeps being
blocked over 10s.
Driving circuits of binary output relays for singal on the BXX
module are damaged.
There is abnormality detected on the BXX module.

When No.1~No.14 messages are issued on the LCD of the relay, the LED HEALTHY is steady green and
the protection equipment is not blocked with the LED ALARM being lit.
15

Fail_Device

The device fails.

16

Fail_Setting_OvRange

Setting values are out of range.

17

Fail_BoardConfig

18

Fail_SettingItem_Chgd

19

ProtBrd.Fail_Settings

20

FDBrd.Fail_Settings

21

ProtBrd.Fail_Memory

22

FDBrd.Fail_Memory

23

ProtBrd.Fail_Sample

Sample values for protection calculation are abnormal.

24

FDBrd.Fail_Sample

Sample values for fault detector calculation are abnormal.

25

ProtBrd.Fail_Config

26

FDBrd.Fail_Config

27

ProtBrd.Fail_DSP

DSP chip for protection calculation is damaged.

28

FDBrd.Fail_DSP

DSP chip for fault detector calculation is damaged.

29

Bx.Fail_Output

Mismatch between the configuration of plug-in boards and the


designing drawing of an applied-specific project.
After configuration file is updated, settings of the file and
settings saved on the device are not matched.
Error is found during checking settings for protection
calculation.
Error is found during checking settings for fault detector
calculation.
Error is found during checking the memory data for protection
calculation.
Error is found during checking the memory data for fault
detector calculation.

Software configuration for protection calculation is found


incorrectly.
Software configuration for fault detector calculation is found
incorrectly.

Driving circuits of binary output relays for tripping on the BXX


module are damaged.

When No.18~No.29 messages are issued on the LCD, the LED HEALTHY is extinguished, and the
protection equipment is blocked at the same time, but the LED ALARM is not lit.

Handling suggestion:
1.

No.1, No.15: The signal is always issued with other specific alarm signals, and please refer to
the handling suggestion of other specific alarm signals.

2.

No.2: No special treatment is needed. Just wait the completion of communication test., or exit

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the test.
3.

No.3: Step1: check whether the selected clock synchronization mode matches the clock
synchronization source;
Step 2: check whether the wiring connection between the equipment and the clock
synchronization source is correct
Step 3: check whether the setting for selecting clock synchronization (i.e. [Opt_TimeSyn]) is
set correctly. If there is no clock synchronization, please set the setting [Opt_TimeSyn] as No
TimeSyn.
After the abnormality is removed, the ALARM LED will be extinguished and the
corresponding alarm message will disappear and the equipment will restore to normal
operation state.

4.

No.4: Users may pay no attention to the alarm signal in the project commissioning stage, but it
is needed to download the latest package file (including correct version checksum file)
provided by R&D engineer to make the alarm signal disappear. Then users get the correct
software version. It is not allowed that the alarm signal is issued on the device already has
been put into service. the devices having being put into service so that the alarm signal
disappears

5.

No.6: After maintenance is finished, please de-energized the binary input [BI_Maintenance]
and then the alarm will disappear and the equipment restore to normal operation state.

6.

No.7: Please check the value of setting [Active_Grp] and binary input of indicating active
group, and make them matched. Then the ALARM LED will be extinguished and the
corresponding alarm message will disappear and the equipment will restore to normal
operation state.

7.

No. 8: Step 1: check whether the binary input module is connected to the power supply.
Step 2: check whether the voltage of power supply is in the required range.
After the voltage for binary input module restores to normal range, the ALARM LED will be
extinguished and the corresponding alarm message will disappear and the equipment will
restore to normal operation state.

8.

No.9~No.10: Please check secondary values and protection settings. If settings are not set
reasonable to make fault detectors pick up, please reset settings, and then the alarm
message will disappear and the equipment will restore to normal operation state.
NOTE! Tripping out contacts are blocked in 1s after a transformer relay is energized with
HEALTHY LED indicator being lit. This situation is decided as a relay fault, and the alarm
signal [ProtBrd.Alm_Pkp] and [FDBrd.Alm_Pkp] will be issued after tripping output contacts
keeps on picking up over10s.

9.

No.11~No.12: If [BXX.Alm_OptoDC] alarm message is issued together, please do as the


handleing suggestion for No.8. If the alarm message [ProtBrd.Alm_PersistBlk] or

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[FDBrd.Alm_PersistBlk] is still issued without the message [BXX.Alm_OptoDC], please check


the hardware of device.
10. No.13, No.29: Please re-insert the corresponding binary output module and re-power the
equipment after the completion of insertion, and the equipment will restore to normal
operation state.
11. No.14: The signal is always issued with other specific alarm signals, and please refer to the
handling suggestion of other specific alarm signals. If only this alarm is issued, please replace
the module.
12. No.16: Please reset setting values according to the range described in the instruction manual,
then re-power or reboot the equipment and the alarm message will disappear and the
equipment will restore to normal operation state.
13. No.17: Step 1: Go to the menu Information->Board Info, check the abnormality
information.
Step 2: For the abnormality board, if the board is not used, then remove, and if the board is
used, then check whether the board is installed properly and work normally.
After the abnormality is removed, re-power or reboot the equipment and the equipment will
restore to normal operation state.
14. No.18: Please check the settings mentioned in the prompt message on the LCD, and go to
the menu Settings and select Confirm Settings item to confirm settings. Then, the
equipment will restore to normal operation stage.
15. No.19, No.20: Step 1: Check CT ratio settings of each side of transformer to be set in proper
range, and if need, please reset those settings and reboot or re-power the equipment.
Step 2: Check overexcitation settings to be set reasonable, and if need, please reset those
settings and reboot or re-power the equipment.
Step 3: After above two steps, abnormality may disappear. Otherwise, a hardware failure
probably occurs and please inform the manufacture or the agent.
16. No.5, No.21, No.22: Please inform the manufacture or the agent for maintenance.
17. No.23, No.24: Step 1: Please make the equipment out of service.
Step 2: Then check if the analog input modules and wiring connectors connected to those
modules are installed at the position.
Step 3: Re-power the equipment and the equipment will restore to normal operation state.
18. No.25, No.26: Please inform configuration engineers to check and confirm visualization
functions of the device
19. No.27, No.28: Chips are damaged and please inform the manufacturer or the agent to replace
the module.

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4 Supervision

NOTE! If the equipment still cannot restore to normal operation state after suggested
procedures, please inform the manufacture or the agent for maintenance.

4.4.2 Equipment Operation Alarms


During the equipment normal operation, CT circuit and some binary input circuits are always
monitored by the relay. If any abnormality of them occurs or any alarm element operates, the
corresponding alarm message will be issued on the LCD of the equipment without blocking
equipment and ALARM LED is lit at the same time.
When this kind of alarm messages are issued, user need to find the abnormality reason, and then
take corresponding measures to eliminate the alarm message to make the equipment return to the
normal operation state.
Table 4.4-2 Equipment operation alarm list
No.

Alarm Message

AlmL_CTS

Alm_BI_ExTCtrlBFI

Alm_BI_ExTCtrlPD2

Alm_BI_PD

Meaning Description
CT secondary circuit is abnormal.
Binary input of tripping signal for controlling breaker failure initiation
(i.e. [BI_ExTCtrlBFI]) keeps being energized over 3s.
Binary input of tripping signal for controlling delay 2 of pole
disagreement (i.e. [BI_ExTCtrlBFI]) keeps being energized over 3s.
Binary input of pole disagreement of circuit breaker. (i.e.
[BI_ExTCtrlBFI]) keeps being energized over 10s.

Handling suggestion:
1.

No.1: Please check the corresponding CT secondary circuit. After the abnormality is
eliminated, ALARM LED will go off automatically and equipment returns to normal operation
state.

2.

No.2~No.4 Check the corresponding binary input circuit. (No.2~No.4).

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4 Supervision

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5 Management

5 Management
Table of Contents
5.1 General Description......................................................................................... 5-1
5.2 Measurement ................................................................................................... 5-1
5.3 Event & fault Records ..................................................................................... 5-1
5.3.1 Introduction .........................................................................................................................5-1
5.3.2 Event Recording .................................................................................................................5-1
5.3.3 Disturbance and Fault Recording .......................................................................................5-2
5.3.4 Present Recording ..............................................................................................................5-3

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5 Management

5.1 General Description


The relay also provides some auxiliary functions, such as on-line data metering, binary input
status, event and disturbance recording, etc. All these make the relay meet the demands of the
modern power grid requirements.

5.2 Measurement
The equipment performs continuous measurement of the analogue input quantities. The
measurement data shown below is displayed on the LCD of the relay front panel or on the local or
remote PC.
Equipment samples 24 points per cycle. Calculate the RMS value in each interval and LCD will be
updated every 0.5 second.

5.3 Event & fault Records


5.3.1 Introduction
The protection equipment provides the following recording functions:

Event recording

DFR

Present recording

All the recording information except waveform can be viewed on local LCD or by printing.
Waveform must be printed or be extracted by using PCS-Explorer software and a waveform
software.

5.3.2 Event Recording


The equipment can store 1024 abnormality alarm reports, 1024 binary input stage changing
reports respectively. All the records are stored in non-volatile memory, and when the available
space is exhausted, the oldest report will be automatically overwritten by the latest one

Abnormality alarm reports

An abnormality alarm being detected during relay self-check supervision or an alarm of secondary
circuit abnormality or protection alarm element will also be logged as individual events.

Binary input status changing reports

When binary input status changes, the change information will be displayed on LCD and logged as
binary input change report at the same time.

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5 Management

5.3.3 Disturbance and Fault Recording


5.3.3.1 Application
Use the disturbance recorder to achieve a better understanding of the behavior of the power
network and related primary and secondary equipment during and after a disturbance. An analysis
of the recorded data provides valuable information that can be used to improve existing equipment.
This information can also be used when planning for new installations.
5.3.3.2 Design
Disturbance recorder is consisted of tripping report and fault waveform. Disturbance recorder is
triggered by fault detectors. The equipment can store 64 pieces of trip reports and waveforms in
non-volatile memory.
When protection operates, the operating information will be displayed on LCD and logged as trip
record at same time, which can be viewed in trip report. Here fault recording includes two kinds of
cases:
1)

Only the fault detector element operates.

2)

The fault detector element operates associated with the operation of protective elements.

1.

Trip record capacity and information

The equipment can store 64 pieces of trip reports in non-volatile memory. If a new fault occurs
when 64 faults have been stored, the oldest will be overwritten by the latest one..
The following items are recorded for one fault:
1)

Sequence number

Each operation will be recorded with a sequence number in the report and displayed on LCD
screen.
2)

Date and time of fault occurrence

The time resolution is 1 ms using the relay internal clock. Initiating date and time is when a fault
detector picks up. Relative time is the time when protection element operates to send tripping
signal after fault detector picks up.
3)

Faulty phase

The faulty phase detected by the operating element is showed in the record report.
4)

Trip mode

This shows the protection element that issues the tripping command. If no protection operates to
trip but only equipment fault detector picks up, fault report will record the title of fault detector.
2.

Fault waveform record capacity and information

MON module of the relay can store 64 pieces of fault waveform oscillogram in non-volatile memory.
If a new fault occurs, when 64 fault waveform recorders have been stored, the oldest will be

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5 Management

overwritten by the latest one.


Each fault record consists of all analog and digital quantities related to protection, such as original
current and voltage, differential current, alarm elements, and binary inputs and etc.
Each time recording includes 2-cycle pre-fault waveform and most 250 cycles can be recorded.

5.3.4 Present Recording


Present recording is used to record a piece of waveform of present operation equipment which
can be trigger manually on LCD of equipment or remotely through PCS-Explorer software.
Recording content of present recording is same to that of disturbance recording.
Each time recording includes 2-cycle waveform before triggering, and up to 250 cycles can be
recorded.

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5 Management

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6 Hardware Description

6 Hardware Description
Table of Contents
6.1 Overview........................................................................................................... 6-1
6.2 Plug-in Module Terminal Definition ................................................................ 6-4
6.2.1 Plug-in Module Arrangement ..............................................................................................6-4
6.2.2 PWR Module (Power Supply) .............................................................................................6-5
6.2.3 MON Module (Management) ..............................................................................................6-7
6.2.4 DSP Module .....................................................................................................................6-10
6.2.5 BI Module (Binary Input) ................................................................................................... 6-11
6.2.6 BO Module (Binary Output) ..............................................................................................6-14
6.2.7 MR IO Modules (MR Input and Output) ............................................................................6-18
6.2.8 RLY Output Module (Relay Output ) .................................................................................6-41
6.2.9 AC AI Module (AC Analog Input) .......................................................................................6-44
6.2.10 HMI Module ....................................................................................................................6-48

6.3 Scheme Diagram of Input and Output of MR .............................................. 6-48


6.4 Output Signals ............................................................................................... 6-52

List of Figures
Figure 6.1-1 Hardware diagram ................................................................................................6-1
Figure 6.1-2

Front view of PCS-974 .......................................................................................6-3

Figure 6.1-3 Typical rear view of PCS-974 ...............................................................................6-4


Figure 6.2-1 Rear view of fixed module position of 4U equipment .......................................6-5
Figure 6.2-2 Pin definition of DC power supply module NR1301 ..........................................6-6
Figure 6.2-3 Rear view of MON modules .................................................................................6-7
Figure 6.2-4 Wiring of communication interface ...................................................................6-10
Figure 6.2-5 Rear view of DSP modules ................................................................................6-11
Figure 6.2-6 Pin definition of tripping output module ..........................................................6-15
Figure 6.2-7 Pin definition of signal output module .............................................................6-17
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6 Hardware Description

Figure 6.2-8 Pin definition of MR input and output module 1 ..............................................6-19


Figure 6.2-9 Pin definition of MR input and output module 2 ..............................................6-20
Figure 6.2-10 Pin definition of MR input and output module 3 ............................................6-22
Figure 6.2-11 Pin definition of MR input and output module 4 ............................................6-23
Figure 6.2-12 Pin definition of MR input and output module 5 ............................................6-25
Figure 6.2-13 Pin definition of MR input and output module 6 ............................................6-26
Figure 6.2-14 Pin definition of MR input and output module 7 ............................................6-28
Figure 6.2-15 Pin definition of MR input and output module 8 ............................................6-29
Figure 6.2-16 Pin definition of MR input and output module 9 ............................................6-31
Figure 6.2-17 Pin definition of MR input and output module 10 ..........................................6-32
Figure 6.2-18 Pin definition of MR input and output module 11 ..........................................6-34
Figure 6.2-19 Pin definition of MR input and output module 12 ..........................................6-35
Figure 6.2-20 Pin definition of MR input and output module 13 ..........................................6-37
Figure 6.2-21 Pin definition of MR input and output module 14 ..........................................6-38
Figure 6.2-22 Pin definition of MR input and output module 15 ..........................................6-40
Figure 6.2-23 Pin definition of relay output module 1 ..........................................................6-42
Figure 6.2-24 Pin definition of relay output module 1 ..........................................................6-43
Figure 6.2-25 Pin definition of AC analog output module ....................................................6-45
Figure 6.3-1

MR phase A input signals association diagram of PCS-974FG ...................6-49

Figure 6.3-2

MR phase B input signals association diagram of PCS-974FG ...................6-50

Figure 6.3-3

MR phase C input signals association diagram of PCS-974FG ...................6-51

Figure 6.3-4

MR tripping output contacts association diagram of PCS-974FG ...............6-52

List of Tables
Table 6.1-1 PCS-974 module configuration .............................................................................6-2

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6 Hardware Description

A/D

Protection
Calculation
DSP

A/D

Fault
Detector
DSP

Output Relay

Conventional CT/VT

External
Binary Input

6.1 Overview

ECVT
Pickup
Relay

ECVT

ETHERNET
LCD
Uaux

Power
Supply

+E
GPS

LED

CPU

RJ45
Keypad

PRINT

Figure 6.1-1 Hardware diagram

The PCS-974 adopts 64-bit microchip processor CPU produced by FREESCALE as control core
for logic calculation and management function, meanwhile, adopts high-speed digital signal
processor DSP to be in charge of all the protection calculation. 24 points are sampled in every
cycle and parallel processing of sampled data can be realized in each sampling interval to ensure
ultra-high reliability and safety of protection equipment.
The working process of the device is as follows: firstly, the current and voltage is converted into
small voltage signal and sent to DSP module after being filtered and converted by AD for
protection calculation and fault detector respectively. When DSP module completes all the
protection calculation, the result will be sent to 64-bit CPU on MON module to be recorded. DSP
module 1 carries out protection logic calculation, tripping output, and MON module completes
SOE (sequence of event) record, waveform recording, printing, communication between
protection and SAS and communication between HMI and CPU. The work process of fault
detector DSP module is similar to that of protection DSP module, and the only difference is, when
fault detector DSP module decides a fault detector picks up, only positive power supply of output
relay is switched on.
The PCS-974 is comprised of intelligent modules, except that few particular modules position
cannot be changed in the whole device (please refer to Figure 6.2-1 for details), the others like AI
(analog input) module such as AC current, AC voltage, DC current, and etc., and IO (input and
output) module such as binary input, tripping output, signal output, and etc can be flexibly
configured according to the remained slot positions.

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6 Hardware Description
Table 6.1-1 PCS-974 module configuration
No.

Module description

Management module (MON module)

DSP module (DSP module 1

AC analog input module ( AC AI module )

Binary input module (BI module)

Signal output module (BO signal module )

Tripping output module (BO tripping module)

MR Input and output module (IO moudule)

Relay output module (RLY module)

Power supply module (PWR module)

10

Human machine interface module (HMI module)

11

NET-DSP module (optional)

MON module provides functions like management function, completed event record, setting
management, and etc.

DSP modules are totally the same, to carry out filtering, sampling and protection calculation
and fault detector calculation respectively.

AC AI module converts AC current and voltage to low voltage signals with current

transformers and voltage transformers respectively.

BI
module
provides
binary
input,
and
the
24V/48V/110V/125V/220V/250V opto-coupler (configurable).

BO signal module provides all kinds of signal output contact, including annunciation signal,
remote signal, fault and disturbance signal, operation abnormal signal and etc.

BO trip module provides all tripping output contacts.

Mechanical IO module provides binary inputs of mechanical signals and all kinds of signal
output contact, including annunciation signal, remote signal, fault and disturbance signal for
mechanical protection.

Relay ouput module is applied for extention of tripping outputs by repeating tripping
command signal.

PWR module converts DC 250/220/125/110V into different DC voltage levels for various
modules of the equipment

HMI module is comprised of LCD, keypad, LED indicator and test serial ports, and it is
convenient for user to perform human-machine interaction with equipment.

NET-DSP module (optional) is applied for realization of GOOSE level interlocking, and for
connection to ECVT with supporting IEC 61850-9-1 and IEC 61850-9-2 protocols.

binary

is

inputted

via

Following figures show front and rear views of PCS-974 respectively. Programmable LED
indicators (No.4-No.20) can be defined by users trough PCS-Explorer software.
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6 Hardware Description

11

PCS-974

HEALTHY
2

12

TRANSFORMER AUXILIARY RELAY

ALARM
3

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

10

20

C GRP
ES

TRIP
4

ENT

Figure 6.1-2 Front view of PCS-974

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

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Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description

NR1102M

NR1161

NR1401

NR1548

NR1533

NR1533

NR1533

NR1533

NR1533

NR1533

NR1533

NR1533

NR1533

NR1533

NR1301
5V OK

BO_ALM

ALM

BO_FAIL

ON

OFF

DANGER
1 BO_COM1
2 BO_FAIL
3

BO_ALM

4 BO_COM2
5
6

BO_FAIL
BO_ALM

OPTO+

OPTO-

9
10 PWR+

NR1502

NR1547

NR1544

NR1544

NR1533

NR1533

NR1533

NR1533

11

PWR-

12

GND

NR1533

Figure 6.1-3 Typical rear view of PCS-974

6.2 Plug-in Module Terminal Definition


Equipment consists of power supply module, MON module, DSP module, Analog input module,
opto-coupler input module, tripping output module, signal output module, input and output signal
for mechanical relay. The definition and application of each module and its terminal is introduced
as follows:

6.2.1 Plug-in Module Arrangement


The module arrangement of PCS-974FG from rear view is shown in the following view

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6 Hardware Description

21

22

23

MR IO module 9

MR IO module 10

PWR module

MR IO module 7

13

14

15

P1

NR1533

MR IO module 8

MR IO module 6

MR IO module 5

NR1301

NR1533

MR IO module 15

20

12

MR IO module 14

19

11

NR1533 NR1533

MR IO module 13

18

10

NR1533 NR1533

MR IO module 12

17

09

NR1544 NR1533

NR1533 NR1533

MR IO module 11

BO module 2

16

08

RLY output module 1

BI module
Slot No.

07
NR1544

MR IO module 4

06

NR1533 NR1533

RLY output module 2

05

MR IO module 3

04

NR1502 NR1157

NR1533 NR1533 NR1533

MR IO module 2

03

MR IO module 1

02

NR1548 NR1533

BO module 1

01

NR1401

AC AI module

DSP module

Slot No.

MON module

NR1102 NR1161

24

25

26

27

28

29

31

32

33

Figure 6.2-1 Rear view of fixed module position of 4U equipment

6.2.2 PWR Module (Power Supply)


The power supply module (NR1301) is a DC/DC or AC/DC converter with electrical insulation
between input and output. The power supply module has an input voltage range as described in
Chapter Technical Data. The standardized output voltages are +3.3V, +5V, 12V and +24V DC.
The tolerances of the output voltages are continuously monitored.
The +3.3V DC output provides power supply for the microchip processors, and the +5V DC output
provides power supply for all the electrical elements that need +5V DC power supply in this device.
The 12V DC output provides power supply for A/D conversion circuits in this device, and the
+24V DC output provides power supply for the static relays of this device.
The use of an external miniature circuit breaker is recommended. The miniature circuit breaker
must be in the on position when the device is in operation and in the off position when the device is
in cold reserve.
A 12-pin connector is fixed on the front of the power supply module at slot 01. The pin definition of
the connector is described as below.

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6 Hardware Description

NR1301
5V OK

BO_ALM

ALM

BO_FAIL

BO_COM1

BO_FAIL

BO_ALM

BO_COM2

BO_FAIL

BO_ALM

OPTO+

OPTO-

0101
BO_FAIL
0102
BO_ALM
0103
0104
BO_FAIL
0105
BO_ALM
0106

9
10 PWR+
11 PWR12 GND

Figure 6.2-2 Pin definition of DC power supply module NR1301


Pin No.

Symbol

Description

0101

BO_COM1

Common terminal 1

0102

BO_FAIL

Device failure output 1 (01-02, NC)

0103

BO_ALM

Device abnormality alarm output 1 (01-03, NO)

0104

BO_COM2

Common terminal 2

0105

BO_FAIL

Device failure output 2 (0104-0105, NC)

0106

BO_ALM

Device abnormality alarm output 2 (0104-0106, NO)

0107

OPTO+

Positive pole of power supply for Low-voltage BI module (24V)

0108

OPTO-

Negative pole of power supply for Low-voltage BI module (24V)

0109

Not used

0110

PWR+

Positive pole of power supply for the device (250/220V/125/110V)

0111

PWR-

Negative pole of power supply for the device (250/220V/125/110V)

0112

GND

Grounded connection of the device

NOTE!

The rated voltage of DC power supply module is self-adaptive to 220Vdc and

110Vdc, but the power supply in other DC voltage level or power supply of AC voltage
need to be specially ordered, and check if the rated voltage of power supply module is
the same as the voltage of external control power supply before equipment being put into
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6 Hardware Description

service.
NOTE!

The DC power supply module provides pin 0112 and earth connector for

grounding of equipment. The pin 0112 shall be connected to earth connector and the
connected to the earth copper bar of panel via dedicated grounding wire.
NOTE!

Effective grounding is the most important measure for equipment to prevent

EMI, so effective grounding must be ensured before the device is put into operation.

6.2.3 MON Module (Management)


The terminals of MON module (NR1102) and its wiring method are shown in the following figure.
The MON module consists of high-performance built-in processor, FLASH, SRAM, SDRAM,
Ethernet controller and other peripherals. Its functions include management of the complete
device, human machine interface, communication and waveform recording etc.
The MON module uses the internal bus to receive the data from other modules of the device. It
communicates with the LCD module by RS-485 bus. This module is provided with 100BaseT
Ethernet interfaces, RS-485 communication interfaces, PPS/IRIG-B differential time
synchronization interface and RS-232 printing interface.

NR1102A

ETHERNET

NR1102C

NR1102B

ETHERNET

ETHERNET

NR1102M

NR1102I

NR1102J
TX

TX

RX

RX

TX

TX

RX

RX

NR1101E

ETHERNET

ETHERNET

ETHERNET

ETHERNET

Figure 6.2-3 Rear view of MON modules


Module
ID

Memory

Interface

Pin No.

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

Usage

Physical Layer

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6 Hardware Description
Module
ID

Memory

Interface

Pin No.

2 RJ45 Ethernet

RS-485
NR1102A

64M DDR

To SCADA
0201

SYN+

0202

SYN-

To

0203

SGND

synchronization

0205

RTS

0206

TXD

0207

SGND

4 RJ45 Ethernet

RS-485
64M DDR

RS-485
128M DDR

0201

SYN+

0202

SYN-

To

0203

SGND

synchronization

0205

RTS

0206

TXD

0207

SGND

clock
Twisted pair wire

To printer

To SCADA
0201

SYN+

0202

SYN-

To

0203

SGND

synchronization

0205

RTS

0206

TXD

0207

SGND

4 RJ45 Ethernet

RS-485
256M DDR

clock
Twisted pair wire

To printer

To SCADA
0201

SYN+

0202

SYN-

To

0203

SGND

synchronization

clock
Twisted pair wire

0204

RS-232

256M DDR

To printer

0204

RS-232

NR1102J

Twisted pair wire

To SCADA

2 RJ45 Ethernet

NR1102M

clock

0204

RS-232

NR1102C

Physical Layer

0204

RS-232

NR1102B

Usage

0205

RTS

0206

TXD

0207

SGND

To printer

2 RJ45 Ethernet

To SCADA

Twisted pair wire

2 FO Ethernet

To SCADA

Optical fibre ST

RS-485

0201

SYN+

0202

SYN-

To

0203

SGND

synchronization

0204

RS-232

clock

Twisted pair wire

0205

RTS

0206

TXD

0207

SGND

To printer

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6 Hardware Description
Module
ID

NR1102I

Memory

128M DDR

Interface

Pin No.

Usage

Physical Layer

2 RJ45 Ethernet

To SCADA

Twisted pair wire

2 FO Ethernet

To SCADA

Optical fibre ST

RS-485

0201

SYN+

0202

SYN-

To

0203

SGND

synchronization

clock

0204

RS-232

Twisted pair wire

0205

RTS

0206

TXD

0207

SGND

2 RJ45 Ethernet

RS-485

To printer

To SCADA
0201

0202

0203

SGND

To SCADA

0204

RS-485
NR1101E

128M DDR

0205

0206

0207

SGND

To SCADA

0208

RS-485

Twisted pair wire

0209

SYN+

0210

SYN-

To

0211

SGND

synchronization

clock

0212

RS-232

0213

RTS

0214

TXD

0215

SGND

To printer

0216

The correct method of connection is shown in Figure 6.2-4. Generally, the shielded cables with two
pairs of twisted pairs inside shall be applied. One pair of the twisted pairs are respectively used to
connect the + and terminals of differential signal; the other pair of twisted pairs are used to
connect the signal ground of the interface, i.e. connect the signal groundings of all the devices
connected with the bus to the twisted pair. The module reserves a free terminal for all the
communication ports; the blank terminal does not need to be connected.

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6 Hardware Description

Twisted pair wire


01

02

SGND

03

COM

04

Twisted pair wire


SYN+

01

SYN-

02

SGND

03

CLOCK SYN

To the screen of other coaxial


cable with single point earthing

04

Twisted pair wire


05

TXD

06

SGND

07

PRINT

RTS

Figure 6.2-4 Wiring of communication interface

6.2.4 DSP Module


The module consists of high-performance digital signal processor, optical-fibre interface, 16-digit
high-accuracy ADC that can perform synchronous sampling and other peripherals. The functions
of this module include analog data acquisition, sample data exchanging with the opposite side,
calculation of protection logic and tripping output etc.
When the module is connected to conventional CT/VT, it can perform the synchronous data
acquisition through the AC input board; when the module is connected to ECVT, it can receive the
real-time synchronous sample data from merging unit through the multi-mode optical-fibre
interface.

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6 Hardware Description

NR1161A

NR1161B

NR1161C

TX

RX

RX

Figure 6.2-5 Rear view of DSP modules


Module ID

Description

NR1161A

8 analog sampling channels, applied for conventional CT/VT.

NR1161B

12 analog sampling channels, applied for conventional CT/VT.

NR1161C

12 analog sampling channels and 3 ST multi-mode optic fiber ports (1 prot for sending
and 2 ports for receiving, supporting IEC 60044-8), applied for ECVT.

6.2.5 BI Module (Binary Input)


There are two kinds of BI modules available, NR1502Aand NR1502D. The input voltage can be
selected to be 24V/48V (NR1502A) or 110V/220V/125V/250V (NR1502D). This module provides
the monitoring circuit of opto-coupler power supply.
All binary inputs share one common negative power input, and can be configurable. The pin
definition of the connector is described as below.
BI module is with a 30-pin connector for 25 binary inputs shown in the following figure.

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NR1502
NR1502
BI_02

1602

BI_01

1601

BI_04
BI_06

1604

BI_03

1603

1606

BI_05

1605

BI_08

1608

BI_07

1607

BI_10

1610

BI_09

1609

BI_12

1612

BI_11

1611

Opto+

1614
1616

1613
Opto-

1615

BI_14

1618

BI_13

1617

BI_16

1620

BI_15

1619

BI_18

1622

BI_17

1621

BI_20

1624

BI_19

1623

BI_22

1626

BI_21

1625

BI_24

1628

BI_23

1627

1630

BI_25

1629

Figure 6.2-4 Pin definition of BI module (NR1503)

The pin definition of NR 1502 is shown as follows respectively.


Pin No.

Original

Defined

Symbol

Symbol

Description

1601

BI_01

BI_TimeSyn

Binary input of time synchronization pulse.

1602

BI_02

BI_Print

Binary input of triggering printing.

1603

BI_03

BI_Maintenance

1604

BI_04

BI_RstTarg

Binary input of resetting signal of protective equipment.

1605

BI_05

BI_En62PD

Binary input of enabling pole disagreement protection.

1606

BI_06

BI_En50BF

Binary input of enabling breaker failure initiation.

1607

BI_07

BI_EnDlyMR

Binary input of enabling MR protection with time delay.

1608

BI_08

BI_EnRmtCtrl

Binary input of enabling remote control function.

1609

BI_09

Configurable binary input 09.

1610

BI_10

Configurable binary input 10.

1611

BI_11

Configurable binary input 11.

1612

BI_12

Configurable binary input 12.

1613

Opto+

Positive pole of binary input.

1614
1615
1616

Binary input of indicating the protection device is under maintenance


state.

Not used.
Opto-

Negative pole of binary input.


Not used

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Pin No.

Original

Defined

Symbol

Symbol

Description

1617

BI_13

Configurable binary input 13.

1618

BI_14

Configurable binary input 14.

1619

BI_15

Configurable binary input 15.

1620

BI_16

Configurable binary input 16.

1621

BI_17

Configurable binary input 17.

1622

BI_18

Configurable binary input 18.

1623

BI_19

Configurable binary input 19.

1624

BI_20

Configurable binary input 20.

1625

BI_21

Configurable binary input 21.

1626

BI_22

BI_ExTCtrlPD2

1627

BI_23

BI_ExTCtrlBFI

Binary input of tripping signal for controlling breaker failure initiation.

1628

BI_24

BI_52a

Binary input of auxiliary NO contact of circuit breaker.

1629

BI_25

BI_PD

Binary input of pole disagreement of circuit breaker.

1630

1.

Binary input of tripping signal for controlling delay 2 of pole


disagreement.

Not used.

Binary input: [BI_TimeSyn]

It is used to receive clock synchronism signal from GPS or other device, the binary input
[BI_Pulse_GPS] will change from 0 to 1 once GPS is received. When setting [Opt_TimeSyn] is
select as PPM(DIN) , the device receives pulse per minute (PMS) via the binary input
[BI_Pulse_GPS].,.
2.

Binary input: [BI_Print]

It is used to manually trigger printing latest report when the equipment is configured as manual
printing mode by logic setting [En_AutoPrint]=0. The printer button is located on the panel usually.
If the equipment is configured as automatic printing mode ([En_AutoPrint]=1), report will be printed
automatically as soon as it is formed.
3.

Binary input: [BI_Maintenance]

It is used to block communication export when the BI is energized. During equipment maintenance
or testing, the BI is then energized not to send reports via communication port, local display and
printing still work as usual. The BI should be de-energized when the equipment is restored back to
normal.
4.

Binary input: [BI_RstTarg]

It is used to reset latching signal relay and LCD displaying. The reset is done by pressing a button
on the panel.

NOTE! The rated voltage of binary input is optional: 24V, 48V, 110V, 125V, 220V or 250V,
which must be specified when placed order. It is necessary to check whether the rated

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voltage of BI module complies with site DC supply rating before put the relay in service.
The application of the binary input [BI_Maintenance] for digital substation communication adopting
IEC61850 protocol is given as follows.
1)

2)

3)

Processing mechanism for MMS (Manufacturing Message Specification) message


a)

The protection device should send the state of this binary input to client.

b)

When this binary input is energized, the bit Test of quality (Q) in the message sent
change 1.

c)

When this binary input is energized, the client cannot control the isolator link and circuit
breaker, modify settings and switch setting group remotely.

d)

According to the value of the bit Test of quality (Q) in the message sent, the client
discriminate whether this message is maintenance message, and then deal with it
correspondingly. If the message is the maintenance message, the content of the message
will not be displayed on real-time message window, audio alarm not issued, but the picture
is refreshed so as to ensure that the state of the picture is in step with the actual state. The
maintenance message will be stored, and can be inquired, in independent window.

Processing mechanism for GOOSE message


a)

When this binary input is energized, the bit Test in the GOOSE message sent by the
protection device changes 1.

b)

For the receiving end of GOOSE message, it will compare the value of the bit Test in the
GOOSE message received by it with the state of its own binary input (i..e
[BI_Maintenance]), the message will be thought as invalid unless they are conformable.

Processing mechanism for SV (Sampling Value) message


a)

When this binary input of merging unit is energized, the bit Test of quality (Q) of sampling
data in the SV message sent change 1.

b)

For the receiving end of SV message, if the value of bit Test of quality (Q) of sampling
data in the SV message received by it is 1, the relevant protection functions will be
disabled, but under maintenance state, the protection device should calculate and display
the magnitude of sampling data.

c)

For duplicated protection function configurations, all merging units of control module
configured to receive sampling should be also duplicated. Both dual protection devices
and dual merging units should be fully independent each other, and one of them is in
maintenance state will not affect the normal operation of the other.

6.2.6 BO Module (Binary Output)


6.2.6.1 Tripping Output Module (NR1547A)
NR1547A is a standard binary output module, which can provide 15 tripping output contacts and
output contacts can be controlled separately by positive power supply of fault detector. The
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contacts provide by NR1547A are all normally open (NO) contacts.


A 30-pin connector is fixed on the front of this module. The pin definition of the connector is
described as below.
NR1547
BO_Trp_1

NR1547
BO_Trp_2
BO_Trp_3
BO_Trp_4
BO_Trp_5
BO_Trp_6
BO_Trp_7
BO_Trp_8
BO_Trp_9
BO_Trp_10
BO_Trp_11
BO_Trp_12
BO_Trp_13
BO_Trp_14
BO_Trp_15

1701

BO_Trp_1

1702
1703
1704

1707
1708

BO_Trp_3
BO_Trp_4

1709
1710

BO_Trp_5

1711
1712

BO_Trp_7
BO_Trp_8

1717
1718

BO_Trp_11
BO_Trp_12

1725
1726

1714
1715
1716
1718
1720

1722
1723
1724
1726
1727

BO_Trp_14

1729
1730

1712

1725
BO_Trp_13

1727
1728

1709
1710

1721

1723
1724

1708

1719
BO_Trp_10

1721
1722

1707

1717
BO_Trp_9

1719
1720

1706

1713

1715
1716

1704
1705

1711
BO_Trp_6

1713
1714

1702
1703

BO_Trp_2

1705
1706

1701

1728
1729

BO_Trp_15

1730

Figure 6.2-6 Pin definition of tripping output module

The pin definition of the tripping output module at slot 17 is shown as follows.
Pin No.

Original

New-defined

Symbol

Symbol

1701
BO_Trp_1

BO_Trp_62PDt1_1

BO_Trp_2

BO_Trp_62PDt1_2

BO_Trp_3

BO_Trp_62PDt2_1

BO_Trp_4

BO_Trp_62PDt2_2

BO_Trp_5

BO_Trp_50BFt1_1

BO_Trp_6

BO_Trp_50BFt1_2

1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711

Description
The NO contact 1 of tripping output of pole disagreement
protection delay 1.
The NO contact 2 of tripping output of pole disagreement
protection delay 1.
The NO contact 1 of tripping output of pole disagreement
protection delay 2.
The NO contact 2 of tripping output of pole disagreement
protection delay 2.
The NO contact 1 of tripping output of breaker failure initiation
delay 1.
The NO contact 2 of tripping output of breaker failure initiation

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Pin No.

Original

New-defined

Symbol

Symbol

Description
delay 1.

1712
1713
BO_Trp_7

BO_Trp_50BFt2_1

BO_Trp_8

BO_Trp_50BFt2_2

BO_Trp_9

BO_Trp_DlyMR1

BO_Trp_10

BO_Trp_DlyMR2

BO_Trp_11

BO_Trp_DlyMR3

BO_Trp_12

BO_Trp_DlyMR4

The NO contact 1 of tripping output of breaker failure initiation


delay 2.

1714
1715

The NO contact 2 of tripping output of breaker failure initiation


delay 2.

1716
1717

The NO contact of tripping output of delayed mechanical


protection of MR1.

1718
1719

The NO contact of tripping output of delayed mechanical


protection of MR2.

1720
1721

The NO contact of tripping output of delayed mechanical


protection of MR3.

1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730

The NO contact of tripping output of delayed mechanical


protection of MR4.

BO_Trp_13

Not used

BO_Trp_14

Not used

BO_Trp_15

Not used

6.2.6.2 Signal Output Module (NR1548B)


The NR1548B module is a standard binary output module for signal, which can provide 15 signal
output contacts without control by fault detector. Among those contacts, contacts [BO_Signal_n]
(n=1,2,,7, 10, 13, 14, 15) are normally open (NO) contacts and [BO_Signal_11] and
[BO_Siganl_12] are normally closed (NC) contacts. [BO_Signal_x] (x=1, 2, 12) are reserved,
and the last three contact [BO_Prot_x] (x=1, 2, 3) are signal contacts indicating protection
operation. Besides, [BO_Prot_3] is a magnetic latched NO contact defined as protection tripping
signal fixedly.
A 30-pin connector is fixed on the front of this module. The pin definition of the connector is
described as below.

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NR1548
NR1548

BO_Signal_1
BO_Signal_2
BO_Signal_3
BO_Signal_4
BO_Signal_5
BO_Signal_6
BO_Signal_7
BO_Signal_8
BO_Signal_9
BO_Signal_10
BO_Signal_11
BO_Signal_12
BO_Prot_1
BO_Prot_2
BO_Prot_3

0501

BO_Signal_1

0502
0503
0504

0507
0508

BO_Signal_3
BO_Signal_4

0509
0510

BO_Signal_5

0511
0512

BO_Signal_7
BO_Signal_8

0517
0518

BO_Signal_9

0519
0520

BO_Signal_10

0521
0522

BO_Signal_11
BO_Signal_12

0525
0526

0509
0510
0512
0514
0515
0516
0517
0518
0519
0520
0522
0523
0524
0526
0527

BO_Prot_2

0529
0530

0508

0525
BO_Prot_1

0527
0528

0507

0521

0523
0524

0506

0513

0515
0516

0504
0505

0511
BO_Signal_6

0513
0514

0502
0503

BO_Signal_2

0505
0506

0501

0528
0529

BO_Prot_3

0530

Figure 6.2-7 Pin definition of signal output module

NOTE!

If more magnetic latched contacts or normally closed (NC) contacts are required,

please specify when placing order.


The pin definition of the signal output module at slot 05 is shown as follows.
Pin No.

Original

New-defined

Symbol

Symbol

Description

0501
BO_Signal_1

BO_50BF_1

The NO contact 1 of signal output of breaker failure initiation.

BO_ Signal_2

BO_50BF_2

The NO contact 2 of signal output of breaker failure initiation.

0502
0503
0504
0505
BO_ Signal_3

Not used

BO_ Signal_4

Not used

BO_ Signal_5

Not used

BO_ Signal_6

Not used

0506
0507
0508
0509
0510
0511
0512
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Pin No.

Original

New-defined

Symbol

Symbol

Description

0513
BO_ Signal_7

Not used

BO_ Signal_8

Not used

0514
0515
0516
0517
BO_ Signal_9

BO_50BF_3

The NO contact 3 of signal output of breaker failure initiation.

BO_ Signal_10

BO_RstTarg

The NO contact of resetting signals.

0518
0519
0520
0521
BO_ Signal_11

Not used

BO_ Signal_12

Not used

0522
0523
0524
0525
0526
0527
0528
0529
0530

BO_ Signal_13

BO_Prot_1

The NO contact 1 for indicating protection operation.

BO_ Signal_14

BO_Prot_2

The NO contact 2 for indicating protection operation.

BO_ Signal_15

BO_Prot_3

The NO contact 3 (magnetic latched) for indicating protection


operation.

6.2.7 MR IO Modules (MR Input and Output)


Fifteen MR input and output modules (IO module) for mechanical protection are equipped at slot
06~15 and slot 25-29 respectively.
NR1533A (220/250Vdc) and NR1533B(110/125Vdc) are input and output modules (IO module) for
mechanical protection, and this module is used to output various signals, issue trip commands and
accept reset command.
6.2.7.1 IO Module 1 at Slot 06 (NR1533)
The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of IO module 1 at slot 06 position.

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NR1533 (MR IO Module)


0601
0603
0605
0607
0609

ResetInput

Reset Signal
Binary Input
Signals of
Mechanical
protection

High Voltage

NR1533

BI_PhA_MR01
BI_PhA_MR02
BI_PhA_MR03
BI_PhA_MR04

0602

BO_PhA_MR01_1

0604

BO_PhA_MR02_1

0606

BO_PhA_MR03_1

0608

BO_PhA_MR04_1

0610

Common1

0611

BO_PhA_MR01_2

0613

BO_PhA_MR02_2

0615

BO_PhA_MR03_2

0617

BO_PhA_MR04_2

0619

Common2

0612

BO_PhA_MR01_3

0614

BO_PhA_MR02_3

0616

BO_PhA_MR03_3

0618

BO_PhA_MR04_3

0620

Common3

0622

BO_PhA_MR01_4

0624

BO_PhA_MR02_4

0626

BO_PhA_MR03_4

0628

BO_PhA_MR04_4
Common4

0630
0625

Module Power Input

0629

Pwr+
Pwr -

Figure 6.2-8 Pin definition of MR input and output module 1


Pin No.
0601

Symbol
ResetInput

Description
Reset input, when a reset signal arrives, the corresponding magnetic latched
contacts of mechanical signals are reset.

Mechanical signal inputs

1st

0603

BI_PhA_MR01

Phase A input signal of MR1 mechanical relay.

0605

BI_PhA_MR02

Phase A input signal of MR2 mechanical relay.

0607

BI_PhA_MR03

Phase A input signal of MR3 mechanical relay.

0609

BI_PhA_MR04

Phase A input signal of MR4 mechanical relay.

group output contacts (magnetic latched contact) as annunciation signal

0610, 0602

BO_PhA_MR01_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR01] is energized.

0610, 0604

BO_PhA_MR02_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR02] is energized.

0610, 0606

BO_PhA_MR03_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR03] is energized.

0610, 0608

BO_PhA_MR04_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR04] is energized.

2nd

group output contacts as MR repeating signal

0619, 0611

BO_PhA_MR01_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR01] is energized.

0619, 0613

BO_PhA_MR02_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR02] is energized.

0619, 0615

BO_PhA_MR03_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR03] is energized.

0619, 0617

BO_PhA_MR04_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR04] is energized.

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Pin No.
3rd

Symbol

Description

group output contacts as remote signal

0620, 0612

BO_PhA_MR01_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR01] is energized.

0620, 0614

BO_PhA_MR02_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR02] is energized.

0620, 0616

BO_PhA_MR03_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR03] is energized.

0620, 0618

BO_PhA _MR04_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR04] is energized.

4th group output contacts as disturbance&fault recording (DFR) signal


0630, 0622

BO_PhA_MR01_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR01] is energized.

0630, 0624

BO_PhA_MR02_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR02] is energized.

0630, 0626

BO_PhA_MR03_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR03] is energized.

0630, 0628

BO_PhA_MR04_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR04] is energized.

Power supply input of module


0625

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

0629

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

6.2.7.2 IO Module 2 at Slot 07 (NR1533)


The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of IO module 2 at slot 07 position.

NR1533 (MR IO Module)


0701
0703
0705
0707
0709

ResetInput

Reset Signal
Binary Input
Signals of
Mechanical
protection

High Voltage

NR1533

BI_PhA_MR05
BI_PhA_MR06
BI_PhA_MR07
BI_PhA_MR08

0702

BO_PhA_MR05_1

0704

BO_PhA_MR06_1

0706

BO_PhA_MR07_1

0708

BO_PhA_MR08_1

0710

Common1

0711

BO_PhA_MR05_2

0713

BO_PhA_MR06_2

0715

BO_PhA_MR07_2

0717

BO_PhA_MR08_2

0719

Common2

0712

BO_PhA_MR05_3

0714

BO_PhA_MR06_3

0716

BO_PhA_MR07_3

0718

BO_PhA_MR08_3

0720

Common3

0722

BO_PhA_MR05_4

0724

BO_PhA_MR06_4

0726

BO_PhA_MR07_4

0728

BO_PhA_MR08_4
Common4

0730
0725

Module Power Input

0729

Pwr+
Pwr -

Figure 6.2-9 Pin definition of MR input and output module 2

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Pin No.
0701

Symbol
ResetInput

Description
Reset input, when a reset signal arrives, the corresponding magnetic latched
contacts of mechanical signals are reset.

Mechanical signal inputs

1st

0703

BI_PhA_MR05

Phase A input signal of MR5 mechanical relay.

0705

BI_PhA_MR06

Phase A input signal of MR6 mechanical relay.

0707

BI_PhA_MR07

Phase A input signal of MR7 mechanical relay.

0709

BI_PhA_MR08

Phase A input signal of MR8 mechanical relay.

group output contacts (magnetic latched contact) as annunciation signal

0710, 0702

BO_PhA_MR05_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR05] is energized.

0710, 0704

BO_PhA_MR06_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR06] is energized.

0710, 0706

BO_PhA_MR07_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR07] is energized.

0710, 0708

BO_PhA_MR08_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR08] is energized.

2nd

group output contacts as MR repeating signal

0719, 0711

BO_PhA_MR05_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR05] is energized.

0719, 0713

BO_PhA_MR06_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR06] is energized.

0719, 0715

BO_PhA_MR07_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR07] is energized.

0719, 0717

BO_PhA_MR08_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR08] is energized.

3rd group output contacts as remote signal


0720, 0712

BO_PhA_MR05_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR05] is energized.

0720, 0714

BO_PhA_MR06_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR06] is energized.

0720, 0716

BO_PhA_MR07_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR07] is energized.

0720, 0718

BO_PhA_MR08_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR08] is energized.

4th

group output contacts as disturbance&fault recording (DFR) signal

0730, 0722

BO_PhA_MR05_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR05] is energized.

0730, 0724

BO_PhA_MR06_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR06] is energized.

0730, 0726

BO_PhA_MR07_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR07] is energized.

0730, 0728

BO_PhA_MR08_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR08] is energized.

Power supply input of module


0725

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

0729

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

6.2.7.3 IO Module 3 at Slot 08 (NR1533)


The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of IO module 3 at slot 08 position.

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NR1533 (MR IO Module)


0801
0803
0805
0807
0809

ResetInput

Reset Signal
Binary Input
Signals of
Mechanical
protection

High Voltage

NR1533

BI_PhA_MR09
MBI_PhA_MR10
MBI_PhA_MR11
MBI_PhA_MR12

0802

BO_PhA_MR09_1

0804

BO_PhA_MR10_1

0806

BO_PhA_MR11_1

0808

BO_PhA_MR12_1

0810

Common1

0811

BO_PhA_MR09_2

0813

BO_PhA_MR10_2

0815

BO_PhA_MR11_2

0817

BO_PhA_MR12_2

0819

Common2

0812

BO_PhA_MR09_3

0814

BO_PhA_MR10_3

0816

BO_PhA_MR11_3

0818

BO_PhA_MR12_3

0820

Common3

0822

BO_PhA_MR09_4

0824

BO_PhA_MR10_4

0826

BO_PhA_MR11_4

0828

BO_PhA_MR12_4
Common4

0830
0825

Module Power Input

0829

Pwr+
Pwr -

Figure 6.2-10 Pin definition of MR input and output module 3


Pin No.
0801

Symbol
ResetInput

Description
Reset input, when a reset signal arrives, the corresponding magnetic latched
contacts of mechanical signals are reset.

Mechanical signal inputs

1st

0803

BI_PhA_MR09

Phase A input signal of MR9 mechanical relay.

0805

BI_PhA_MR10

Phase A input signal of MR10 mechanical relay.

0807

BI_PhA_MR11

Phase A input signal of MR11 mechanical relay.

0809

BI_PhA_MR12

Phase A input signal of MR12 mechanical relay.

group output contacts (magnetic latched contact) as annunciation signal

0810, 0802

BO_PhA_MR09_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR09] is energized.

0810, 0804

BO_PhA_MR10_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR10] is energized.

0810, 0806

BO_PhA_MR11_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR11] is energized.

0810, 0808

BO_PhA_MR12_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR12] is energized.

2nd

group output contacts as MR repeating signal

0819, 0811

BO_PhA_MR09_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR09] is energized.

0819, 0813

BO_PhA_MR10_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR10] is energized.

0819, 0815

BO_PhA_MR11_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR11] is energized.

0819, 0817

BO_PhA_MR12_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR12] is energized.

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

6-22
Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description
Pin No.
3rd

Symbol

Description

group output contacts as remote signal

0820, 0812

BO_PhA_MR09_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR09] is energized.

0820, 0814

BO_PhA_MR10_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR10] is energized.

0820, 0816

BO_PhA_MR11_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR11] is energized.

0820, 0818

BO_PhA_MR12_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR12] is energized.

4th group output contacts as disturbance&fault recording (DFR) signal


0830, 0822

BO_PhA_MR09_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR09] is energized.

0830, 0824

BO_PhA_MR10_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR10] is energized.

0830, 0826

BO_PhA_MR11_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR11] is energized.

0830, 0828

BO_PhA_MR12_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR12] is energized.

Power supply input of module


0825

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

0829

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

6.2.7.4 IO Module 4 at Slot 09 (NR1533)


The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of IO module 4 at slot 09 position.

NR1533 (MR IO Module)


0901
0903
0905
0907
0909

ResetInput

Reset Signal
Binary Input
Signals of
Mechanical
protection

High Voltage

NR1533

BI_PhA_MR13
BI_PhA_MR14
BI_PhA_MR15
BI_PhA_MR16

0902

BO_PhA_MR13_1

0904

BO_PhA_MR14_1

0906

BO_PhA_MR15_1

0908

BO_PhA_MR16_1

0910

Common1

0911

BO_PhA_MR13_2

0913

BO_PhA_MR14_2

0915

BO_PhA_MR15_2

0917

BO_PhA_MR16_2

0919

Common2

0912

BO_PhA_MR13_3

0914

BO_PhA_MR14_3

0916

BO_PhA_MR15_3

0918

BO_PhA_MR16_3

0920

Common3

0922

BO_PhA_MR13_4

0924

BO_PhA_MR14_4

0926

BO_PhA_MR15_4

0928

BO_PhA_MR16_4
Common4

0930
0925

Module Power Input

0929

Pwr+
Pwr -

Figure 6.2-11 Pin definition of MR input and output module 4

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

6-23
Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description
Pin No.
0901

Symbol
ResetInput

Description
Reset input, when a reset signal arrives, the corresponding magnetic latched
contacts of mechanical signals are reset.

Mechanical signal inputs

1st

0903

BI_PhA_MR13

Phase A input signal of MR13 mechanical relay.

0905

BI_PhA_MR14

Phase A input signal of MR14 mechanical relay.

0907

BI_PhA_MR15

Phase A input signal of MR15 mechanical relay.

0909

BI_PhA_MR16

Phase A input signal of MR16 mechanical relay.

group output contacts (magnetic latched contact) as annunciation signal

0910, 0902

BO_PhA_MR13_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR13] is energized.

0910, 0904

BO_PhA_MR14_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR14] is energized.

0910, 0906

BO_PhA_MR15_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR15] is energized.

0910, 0908

BO_PhA_MR16_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR16] is energized.

2nd

group output contacts as MR repeating signal

0919, 0911

BO_PhA_MR13_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR13] is energized.

0919, 0913

BO_PhA_MR14_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR14] is energized.

0919, 0915

BO_PhA_MR15_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR15] is energized.

0919, 0917

BO_PhA_MR16_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR16] is energized.

3rd group output contacts as remote signal


0920, 0912

BO_PhA _MR13_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR13] is energized.

0920, 0914

BO_PhA _MR14_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR14] is energized.

0920, 0916

BO_PhA _MR15_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR15] is energized.

0920, 0918

BO_PhA _MR16_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR16] is energized.

4th

group output contacts as disturbance&fault recording (DFR) signal

0930, 0922

BO_PhA_MR13_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR13] is energized.

0930, 0924

BO_PhA_MR14_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR14] is energized.

0930, 0926

BO_PhA_MR15_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR15] is energized.

0930, 0928

BO_PhA_MR16_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR16] is energized.

Power supply input of module


0925

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

0929

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

6.2.7.5 IO Module 5 at Slot 10 (NR1533)


The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of IO module 5 at slot 10 position.

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

6-24
Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description

NR1533 (MR IO Module)


1001
1003
1005
1007
1009

ResetInput

Reset Signal
Binary Input
Signals of
Mechanical
protection

High Voltage

NR1533

BI_PhA_MR17
BI_PhA_MR18
BI_PhA_MR19
BI_PhA_MR20

1002

BO_PhA_MR17_1

1004

BO_PhA_MR18_1

1006

BO_PhA_MR19_1

1008

BO_PhA_MR20_1

1010

Common1

1011

BO_PhA_MR17_2

1013

BO_PhA_MR18_2

1015

BO_PhA_MR19_2

1017

BO_PhA_MR20_2

1019

Common2

1012

BO_PhA_MR17_3

1014

BO_PhA_MR18_3

1016

BO_PhA_MR19_3

1018

BO_PhA_MR20_3

1020

Common3

1022

BO_PhA_MR17_4

1024

BO_PhA_MR18_4

1026

BO_PhA_MR19_4

1028

BO_PhA_MR20_4
Common4

1030
1025

Module Power Input

1029

Pwr+
Pwr -

Figure 6.2-12 Pin definition of MR input and output module 5


Pin No.
1001

Symbol
ResetInput

Description
Reset input, when a reset signal arrives, the corresponding magnetic latched
contacts of mechanical signals are reset.

Mechanical signal inputs

1st

1003

BI_PhA_MR17

Phase A input signal of MR17 mechanical relay.

1005

BI_PhA_MR18

Phase A input signal of MR18 mechanical relay.

1007

BI_PhA_MR19

Phase A input signal of MR19 mechanical relay.

1009

BI_PhA_MR20

Phase A input signal of MR20 mechanical relay.

group output contacts (magnetic latched contact) as annunciation signal

1010, 1002

BO_PhA_MR17_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR17] is energized.

1010, 1004

BO_PhA_MR18_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR18] is energized.

1010, 1006

BO_PhA_MR19_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR19] is energized.

1010, 1008

BO_PhA_MR20_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR20] is energized.

2nd

group output contacts as MR repeating signal

1019, 1011

BO_PhA_MR17_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR17] is energized.

1019, 1013

BO_PhA_MR18_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR18] is energized.

1019, 1015

BO_PhA_MR19_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR19] is energized.

1019, 1017

BO_PhA_MR20_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR20] is energized.

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

6-25
Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description
Pin No.
3rd

Symbol

Description

group output contacts as remote signal

1020, 1012

BO_PhA_MR17_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR17] is energized.

1020, 1014

BO_PhA_MR18_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR18] is energized.

1020, 1016

BO_PhA_MR19_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR19] is energized.

1020, 1018

BO_PhA_MR20_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR20] is energized.

4th group output contacts as disturbance&fault recording (DFR) signal


1030, 1022

BO_PhA_MR17_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR17] is energized.

1030, 1024

BO_PhA_MR18_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR18] is energized.

1030, 1026

BO_PhA_MR19_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR19] is energized.

1030, 1028

BO_PhA_MR20_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR20] is energized.

Power supply input of module


1025

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

1029

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

6.2.7.6 IO Module 6 at Slot 11 (NR1533)


The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of IO module 6 at slot 11 position.

NR1533 (MR IO Module)


1101
1103
1105
1107
1109

ResetInput

Reset Signal
Binary Input
Signals of
Mechanical
protection

High Voltage

NR1533

BI_PhB_MR01
BI_PhB_MR02
BI_PhB_MR03
BI_PhB_MR04

1102

BO_PhB_MR01_1

1104

BO_PhB_MR02_1

1106

BO_PhB_MR03_1

1108

BO_PhB_MR04_1

1110

Common1

1111

BO_PhB_MR01_2

1113

BO_PhB_MR02_2

1115

BO_PhB_MR03_2

1117

BO_PhB_MR04_2

1119

Common2

1112

BO_PhB_MR01_3

1114

BO_PhB_MR02_3

1116

BO_PhB_MR03_3

1118

BO_PhB_MR04_3

1120

Common3

1122

BO_PhB_MR01_4

1124

BO_PhB_MR02_4

1126

BO_PhB_MR03_4

1128

BO_PhB_MR04_4
Common4

1130
1125

Module Power Input

1129

Pwr+
Pwr -

Figure 6.2-13 Pin definition of MR input and output module 6

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

6-26
Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description
Pin No.
1101

Symbol
ResetInput

Description
Reset input, when a reset signal arrives, the corresponding magnetic latched
contacts of mechanical signals are reset.

Mechanical signal inputs

1st

1103

BI_PhB_MR01

Phase B input signal of MR1 mechanical relay.

1105

BI_PhB_MR02

Phase B input signal of MR2 mechanical relay.

1107

BI_PhB_MR03

Phase B input signal of MR3 mechanical relay.

1109

BI_PhB_MR04

Phase B input signal of MR4 mechanical relay.

group output contacts (magnetic latched contact) as annunciation signal

1110, 1102

BO_PhB_MR01_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR01] is energized.

1110, 1104

BO_PhB_MR02_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR02] is energized.

1110, 1106

BO_PhB_MR03_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR03] is energized.

1110, 1108

BO_PhB_MR04_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR04] is energized.

2nd

group output contacts as MR repeating signal

1119, 1111

BO_PhB_MR01_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR01] is energized.

1119, 1113

BO_PhB_MR02_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR02] is energized.

1119, 1115

BO_PhB_MR03_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR03] is energized.

1119, 1117

BO_PhB_MR04_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR04] is energized.

3rd group output contacts as remote signal


1120, 1112

BO_PhB_MR01_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR01] is energized.

1120, 1114

BO_PhB_MR02_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR02] is energized.

1120, 1116

BO_PhB_MR03_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR03] is energized.

1120, 1118

BO_PhB_MR04_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR04] is energized.

4th

group output contacts as disturbance&fault recording (DFR) signal

1130, 1122

BO_PhB_MR01_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR01] is energized.

1130, 1124

BO_PhB_MR02_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR02] is energized.

1130, 1126

BO_PhB_MR03_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR03] is energized.

1130, 1128

BO_PhB_MR04_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR04] is energized.

Power supply input of module


1125

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

1129

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

6.2.7.7 IO Module 7 at Slot 12 (NR1533)


The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of IO module 7 at slot 12 position.

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

6-27
Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description

NR1533 (MR IO Module)


1201
1203
1205
1207
1209

ResetInput

Reset Signal
Binary Input
Signals of
Mechanical
protection

High Voltage

NR1533

BI_PhB_MR05
BI_PhB_MR06
BI_PhB_MR07
BI_PhB_MR08

1202

BO_PhB_MR05_1

1204

BO_PhB_MR06_1

1206

BO_PhB_MR07_1

1208

BO_PhB_MR08_1

1210

Common1

1211

BO_PhB_MR05_2

1213

BO_PhB_MR06_2

1215

BO_PhB_MR07_2

1217

BO_PhB_MR08_2

1219

Common2

1212

BO_PhB_MR05_3

1214

BO_PhB_MR06_3

1216

BO_PhB_MR07_3

1218

BO_PhB_MR08_3

1220

Common3

1222

BO_PhB_MR05_4

1224

BO_PhB_MR06_4

1226

BO_PhB_MR07_4

1228

BO_PhB_MR08_4
Common4

1230
1225

Module Power Input

1229

Pwr+
Pwr -

Figure 6.2-14 Pin definition of MR input and output module 7


Pin No.
1201

Symbol
ResetInput

Description
Reset input, when a reset signal arrives, the corresponding magnetic latched
contacts of mechanical signals are reset.

Mechanical signal inputs

1st

1203

BI_PhB_MR05

Phase B input signal of MR5 mechanical relay.

1205

BI_PhB_MR06

Phase B input signal of MR6 mechanical relay.

1207

BI_PhB_MR07

Phase B input signal of MR7 mechanical relay.

1209

BI_PhB_MR08

Phase B input signal of MR8 mechanical relay.

group output contacts (magnetic latched contact) as annunciation signal

1210, 1202

BO_PhB_MR05_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR05] is energized.

1210, 1204

BO_PhB_MR06_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR06] is energized.

1210, 1206

BO_PhB_MR07_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR07] is energized.

1210, 1208

BO_PhB_MR08_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR08] is energized.

2nd

group output contacts as MR repeating signal

1219, 1211

BO_PhB_MR05_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR05] is energized.

1219, 1213

BO_PhB_MR06_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR06] is energized.

1219, 1215

BO_PhB_MR07_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR07] is energized.

1219, 1217

BO_PhB_MR08_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR08] is energized.

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

6-28
Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description
Pin No.
3rd

Symbol

Description

group output contacts as remote signal

1220, 1212

BO_PhB_MR05_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR05] is energized.

1220, 1214

BO_PhB_MR06_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR06] is energized.

1220, 1216

BO_PhB_MR07_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR07] is energized.

1220, 1218

BO_PhB_MR08_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR08] is energized.

4th group output contacts as disturbance&fault recording (DFR) signal


1230, 1222

BO_PhB_MR05_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR05] is energized.

1230, 1224

BO_PhB_MR06_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR06] is energized.

1230, 1226

BO_PhB_MR07_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR07] is energized.

1230, 1228

BO_PhB_MR08_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR08] is energized.

Power supply input of module


1225

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

1229

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

6.2.7.8 IO Module 8 at Slot 13 (NR1533)


The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of IO module 8 at slot 13 position.

NR1533 (MR IO Module)


1301
1303
1305
1307
1309

ResetInput

Reset Signal
Binary Input
Signals of
Mechanical
protection

High Voltage

NR1533

BI_PhB_MR09
BI_PhB_MR10
BI_PhB_MR11
BI_PhB_MR12

1302

BO_PhB_MR09_1

1304

BO_PhB_MR10_1

1306

BO_PhB_MR11_1

1308

BO_PhB_MR12_1

1310

Common1

1311

BO_PhB_MR09_2

1313

BO_PhB_MR10_2

1315

BO_PhB_MR11_2

1317

BO_PhB_MR12_2

1319

Common2

1312

BO_PhB_MR09_3

1314

BO_PhB_MR10_3

1316

BO_PhB_MR11_3

1318

BO_PhB_MR12_3

1320

Common3

1322

BO_PhB_MR09_4

1324

BO_PhB_MR10_4

1326

BO_PhB_MR11_4

1328

BO_PhB_MR12_4
Common4

1330
1325

Module Power Input

1329

Pwr+
Pwr -

Figure 6.2-15 Pin definition of MR input and output module 8

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

6-29
Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description
Pin No.
1301

Symbol
ResetInput

Description
Reset input, when a reset signal arrives, the corresponding magnetic latched
contacts of mechanical signals are reset.

Mechanical signal inputs

1st

1303

BI_PhB_MR09

Phase B input signal of MR9 mechanical relay.

1305

BI_PhB_MR10

Phase B input signal of MR10 mechanical relay.

1307

BI_PhB_MR11

Phase B input signal of MR11 mechanical relay.

1309

BI_PhB_MR12

Phase B input signal of MR12 mechanical relay.

group output contacts (magnetic latched contact) as annunciation signal

1310, 1302

BO_PhB_MR09_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR09] is energized.

1310, 1304

BO_PhB_MR10_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR10] is energized.

1310, 1306

BO_PhB_MR11_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR11] is energized.

1310, 1308

BO_PhB_MR12_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR12] is energized.

2nd

group output contacts as MR repeating signal

1319, 1311

BO_PhB_MR09_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR09] is energized.

1319, 1313

BO_PhB_MR10_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR10] is energized.

1319, 1315

BO_PhB_MR11_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR11] is energized.

1319, 1317

BO_PhB_MR12_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR12] is energized.

3rd group output contacts as remote signal


1320, 1312

BO_PhB_MR09_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR09] is energized.

1320, 1314

BO_PhB_MR10_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR10] is energized.

1320, 1316

BO_PhB_MR11_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR11] is energized.

1320, 1318

BO_PhB_MR12_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR12] is energized.

4th

group output contacts as disturbance&fault recording (DFR) signal

1330, 1322

BO_PhB_MR09_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR09] is energized.

1330, 1324

BO_PhB_MR10_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR10] is energized.

1330, 1326

BO_PhB_MR11_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR11] is energized.

1330, 1328

BO_PhB_MR12_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR12] is energized.

Power supply input of module


1325

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

1329

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

6.2.7.9 IO Module 9 at Slot 14 (NR1533)


The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of IO module 9 at slot 14 position.

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

6-30
Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description

NR1533 (MR IO Module)


1401
1403
1405
1407
1414

ResetInput

Reset Signal
Binary Input
Signals of
Mechanical
protection

High Voltage

NR1533

BI_PhB_MR13
BI_PhB_MR14
BI_PhB_MR15
BI_PhB_MR16

1402

BO_PhB_MR13_1

1404

BO_PhB_MR14_1

1406

BO_PhB_MR15_1

1408

BO_PhB_MR16_1

1410

Common1

1411

BO_PhB_MR13_2

1413

BO_PhB_MR14_2

1415

BO_PhB_MR15_2

1417

BO_PhB_MR16_2

1419

Common2

1412

BO_PhB_MR13_3

1414

BO_PhB_MR14_3

1416

BO_PhB_MR15_3

1418

BO_PhB_MR16_3

1420

Common3

1422

BO_PhB_MR13_4

1424

BO_PhB_MR14_4

1426

BO_PhB_MR15_4

1428

BO_PhB_MR16_4
Common4

1430
1425

Module Power Input

1429

Pwr+
Pwr -

Figure 6.2-16 Pin definition of MR input and output module 9


Pin No.
1401

Symbol
ResetInput

Description
Reset input, when a reset signal arrives, the corresponding magnetic latched
contacts of mechanical signals are reset.

Mechanical signal inputs

1st

1403

BI_PhB_MR13

Mechanical relay (MR) signal input 13

1405

BI_PhB_MR14

Mechanical relay (MR) signal input 14

1407

BI_PhB_MR15

Mechanical relay (MR) signal input 15

1409

BI_PhB_MR16

Mechanical relay (MR) signal input 16

group output contacts (magnetic latched contact) as annunciation signal

1410, 1402

BO_PhB_MR13_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR13] is energized.

1410, 1404

BO_PhB_MR14_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR14] is energized.

1410, 1406

BO_PhB_MR15_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR15] is energized.

1410, 1408

BO_PhB_MR16_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR16] is energized.

2nd

group output contacts as MR repeating signal

1419, 1411

BO_PhB_MR13_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR13] is energized.

1419, 1413

BO_PhB_MR14_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR14] is energized.

1419, 1415

BO_PhB_MR15_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhA_MR15] is energized.

1419, 1417

BO_PhB_MR16_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR16] is energized.

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

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Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description
Pin No.
3rd

Symbol

Description

group output contacts as remote signal

1420, 1412

BO_PhB_MR13_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR13] is energized.

1420, 1414

BO_PhB_MR14_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR14] is energized.

1420, 1416

BO_PhB_MR15_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR15] is energized.

1420, 1418

BO_PhB_MR16_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR16] is energized.

4th group output contacts as disturbance&fault recording (DFR) signal


1430, 1422

BO_PhB_MR13_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR13] is energized.

1430, 1424

BO_PhB_MR14_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR14] is energized.

1430, 1426

BO_PhB_MR15_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR15] is energized.

1430, 1428

BO_PhB_MR16_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR16] is energized.

Power supply input of module


1425

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

1429

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

6.2.7.10 IO Module 10 at Slot 15 (NR1533)


The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of IO module 10 at slot 15 position.

NR1533 (MR IO Module)


1501
1503
1505
1507
1509

ResetInput

Reset Signal
Binary Input
Signals of
Mechanical
protection

High Voltage

NR1533

BI_PhB_MR17
BI_PhB_MR18
BI_PhB_MR19
BI_PhB_MR20

1502

BO_PhB_MR17_1

1504

BO_PhB_MR18_1

1506

BO_PhB_MR19_1

1508

BO_PhB_MR20_1

1510

Common1

1511

BO_PhB_MR17_2

1513

BO_PhB_MR18_2

1515

BO_PhB_MR19_2

1517

BO_PhB_MR20_2

1519

Common2

1512

BO_PhB_MR17_3

1514

BO_PhB_MR18_3

1516

BO_PhB_MR19_3

1518

BO_PhB_MR20_3

1520

Common3

1522

BO_PhB_MR17_4

1524

BO_PhB_MR18_4

1526

BO_PhB_MR19_4

1528

BO_PhB_MR20_4
Common4

1530
1525

Module Power Input

1529

Pwr+
Pwr -

Figure 6.2-17 Pin definition of MR input and output module 10

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

6-32
Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description
Pin No.
1501

Symbol
ResetInput

Description
Reset input, when a reset signal arrives, the corresponding magnetic latched
contacts of mechanical signals are reset.

Mechanical signal inputs

1st

1503

BI_PhB_MR17

Phase B input signal of MR17 mechanical relay.

1505

BI_PhB_MR18

Phase B input signal of MR18 mechanical relay.

1507

BI_PhB_MR19

Phase B input signal of MR19 mechanical relay.

1509

BI_PhB_MR20

Phase B input signal of MR20 mechanical relay.

group output contacts (magnetic latched contact) as annunciation signal

1510, 1502

BO_PhB_MR17_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR17] is energized.

1510, 1504

BO_PhB_MR18_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR18] is energized.

1510, 1506

BO_PhB_MR19_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR19] is energized.

1510, 1508

BO_PhB_MR20_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR20] is energized.

2nd

group output contacts as MR repeating signal

1519, 1511

BO_PhB_MR17_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR17] is energized.

1519, 1513

BO_PhB_MR18_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR18] is energized.

1519, 1515

BO_PhB_MR19_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR19] is energized.

1519, 1517

BO_PhB_MR20_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR20] is energized.

3rd group output contacts as remote signal


1520, 1512

BO_PhB_MR17_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR17] is energized.

1520, 1514

BO_PhB_MR18_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR18] is energized.

1520, 1516

BO_PhB_MR19_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR19] is energized.

1520, 1518

BO_PhB_MR20_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR20] is energized.

4th

group output contacts as disturbance&fault recording (DFR) signal

1530, 1522

BO_PhB_MR17_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR17] is energized.

1530, 1524

BO_PhB_MR18_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR18] is energized.

1530, 1526

BO_PhB_MR19_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR19] is energized.

1530, 1528

BO_PhB_MR20_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR20] is energized.

Power supply input of module


1525

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

1529

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

6.2.7.11 IO Module 11 at Slot 25 (NR1533)


The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of IO module 11 at slot 25 position.

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

6-33
Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description

NR1533 (MR IO Module)


2501
2503
2505
2507
2509

ResetInput

Reset Signal
Binary Input
Signals of
Mechanical
protection

High Voltage

NR1533

BI_PhC_MR01
BI_PhC_MR02
BI_PhC_MR03
BI_PhC_MR04

2502

BO_PhC_MR01_1

2504

BO_PhC_MR02_1

2506

BO_PhC_MR03_1

2508

BO_PhC_MR04_1

2510

Common1

2511

BO_PhC_MR01_2

2513

BO_PhC_MR02_2

2515

BO_PhC_MR03_2

2517

BO_PhC_MR04_2

2519

Common2

2512

BO_PhC_MR01_3

2514

BO_PhC_MR02_3

2516

BO_PhC_MR03_3

2518

BO_PhC_MR04_3

2520

Common3

2522

BO_PhC_MR01_4

2524

BO_PhC_MR02_4

2526

BO_PhC_MR03_4

2528

BO_PhC_MR04_4
Common4

2530
2525

Module Power Input

2529

Pwr+
Pwr -

Figure 6.2-18 Pin definition of MR input and output module 11


Pin No.
2501

Symbol
ResetInput

Description
Reset input, when a reset signal arrives, the corresponding magnetic latched
contacts of mechanical signals are reset.

Mechanical signal inputs

1st

2503

BI_PhC_MR01

Phase C input signal of MR1 mechanical relay.

2505

BI_PhC_MR02

Phase C input signal of MR2 mechanical relay.

2507

BI_PhC_MR03

Phase C input signal of MR3 mechanical relay.

2509

BI_PhC_MR04

Phase C input signal of MR4 mechanical relay.

group output contacts (magnetic latched contact) as annunciation signal

2510, 2502

BO_PhC_MR01_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR01] is energized.

2510, 2504

BO_PhC_MR02_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR02] is energized.

2510, 2506

BO_PhC_MR03_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR03] is energized.

2510, 2508

BO_PhC_MR04_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR04] is energized.

2nd

group output contacts as MR repeating signal

2519, 2511

BO_PhC_MR01_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR01] is energized.

2519, 2513

BO_PhC_MR02_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR02] is energized.

2519, 2515

BO_PhC_MR03_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR03] is energized.

2519, 2517

BO_PhC_MR04_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR04] is energized.

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

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Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description
Pin No.
3rd

Symbol

Description

group output contacts as remote signal

2520, 2512

BO_PhC_MR01_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR01] is energized.

2520, 2514

BO_PhC_MR02_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR02] is energized.

2520, 2516

BO_PhC_MR03_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR03] is energized.

2520, 2518

BO_PhC_MR04_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR04] is energized.

4th group output contacts as disturbance&fault recording (DFR) signal


2530, 2522

BO_PhC_MR01_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR01] is energized.

2530, 2524

BO_PhC_MR02_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR02] is energized.

2530, 2526

BO_PhC_MR03_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR03] is energized.

2530, 2528

BO_PhC_MR04_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR04] is energized.

Power supply input of module


2525

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

2529

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

6.2.7.12 IO Module 12 at Slot 26 (NR1533)


The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of IO module 12 at slot 26 position.

NR1533 (MR IO Module)


2601
2603
2605
2607
2609

ResetInput

Reset Signal
Binary Input
Signals of
Mechanical
protection

High Voltage

NR1533

BI_PhC_MR05
BI_PhC_MR06
BI_PhC_MR07
BI_PhC_MR08

2602

BO_PhC_MR05_1

2604

BO_PhC_MR06_1

2606

BO_PhC_MR07_1

2608

BO_PhC_MR08_1

2610

Common1

2611

BO_PhC_MR05_2

2613

BO_PhC_MR06_2

2615

BO_PhC_MR07_2

2617

BO_PhC_MR08_2

2619

Common2

2612

BO_PhC_MR05_3

2614

BO_PhC_MR06_3

2616

BO_PhC_MR07_3

2618

BO_PhC_MR08_3

2620

Common3

2622

BO_PhC_MR05_4

2624

BO_PhC_MR06_4

2626

BO_PhC_MR07_4

2628

BO_PhC_MR08_4
Common4

2630
2625

Module Power Input

2629

Pwr+
Pwr -

Figure 6.2-19 Pin definition of MR input and output module 12

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

6-35
Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description
Pin No.
2601

Symbol
ResetInput

Description
Reset input, when a reset signal arrives, the corresponding magnetic latched
contacts of mechanical signals are reset.

Mechanical signal inputs

1st

2603

BI_PhC_MR05

Phase C input signal of MR5 mechanical relay.

2605

BI_PhC_MR06

Phase C input signal of MR6 mechanical relay.

2607

BI_PhC_MR07

Phase C input signal of MR7 mechanical relay.

2609

BI_PhC_MR08

Phase C input signal of MR8 mechanical relay.

group output contacts (magnetic latched contact) as annunciation signal

2610, 2602

BO_PhC_MR05_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR05] is energized.

2610, 2604

BO_PhC_MR06_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR06] is energized.

2610, 2606

BO_PhC_MR07_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR07] is energized.

2610, 2608

BO_PhC_MR08_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR08] is energized.

2nd

group output contacts as MR repeating signal

2619, 2611

BO_PhC_MR05_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR05] is energized.

2619, 2613

BO_PhC_MR06_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR06] is energized.

2619, 2615

BO_PhC_MR07_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR07] is energized.

2619, 2617

BO_PhC_MR08_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR08] is energized.

3rd group output contacts as remote signal


2620, 2612

BO_PhC_MR05_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR05] is energized.

2620, 2614

BO_PhC_MR06_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR06] is energized.

2620, 2616

BO_PhC_MR07_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR07] is energized.

2620, 2618

BO_PhC_MR08_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR08] is energized.

4th

group output contacts as disturbance&fault recording (DFR) signal

2630, 2622

BO_PhC_MR5_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR05] is energized.

2630, 2624

BO_PhC_MR6_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR06] is energized.

2630, 2626

BO_PhC_MR7_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR07] is energized.

2630, 2628

BO_PhC_MR8_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR08] is energized.

Power supply input of module


2625

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

2629

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

6.2.7.13 IO Module 13 at Slot 27 (NR1533)


The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of IO module 13 at slot 27 position.

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

6-36
Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description

NR1533 (MR IO Module)


2701
2703
2705
2707
2709

ResetInput

Reset Signal
Binary Input
Signals of
Mechanical
protection

High Voltage

NR1533

BI_PhC_MR09
BI_PhC_MR10
BI_PhC_MR11
BI_PhC_MR12

2702

BO_PhC_MR09_1

2704

BO_PhC_MR10_1

2706

BO_PhC_MR11_1

2708

BO_PhC_MR12_1

2710

Common1

2711

BO_PhC_MR09_2

2713

BO_PhC_MR10_2

2715

BO_PhC_MR11_2

2717

BO_PhC_MR12_2

2719

Common2

2712

BO_PhC_MR09_3

2714

BO_PhC_MR10_3

2716

BO_PhC_MR11_3

2718

BO_PhC_MR12_3

2720

Common3

2722

BO_PhC_MR09_4

2724

BO_PhC_MR10_4

2726

BO_PhC_MR11_4

2728

BO_PhC_MR12_4
Common4

2730
2725

Module Power Input

2729

Pwr+
Pwr -

Figure 6.2-20 Pin definition of MR input and output module 13


Pin No.
2701

Symbol
ResetInput

Description
Reset input, when a reset signal arrives, the corresponding magnetic latched
contacts of mechanical signals are reset.

Mechanical signal inputs

1st

2703

BI_PhC_MR09

Phase C input signal of MR9 mechanical relay.

2705

BI_PhC_MR10

Phase C input signal of MR10 mechanical relay.

2707

BI_PhC_MR11

Phase C input signal of MR11 mechanical relay.

2709

BI_PhC_MR12

Phase C input signal of MR12 mechanical relay.

group output contacts (magnetic latched contact) as annunciation signal

2710, 2702

BO_PhC_MR9_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR09] is energized.

2710, 2704

BO_PhC_MR10_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR10] is energized.

2710, 2706

BO_PhC_MR11_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR11] is energized.

2710, 2708

BO_PhC_MR12_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR12] is energized.

2nd

group output contacts as MR repeating signal

2719, 2711

BO_PhC_MR9_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR09] is energized.

2719, 2713

BO_PhC_MR10_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR10] is energized.

2719, 2715

BO_PhC_MR11_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR11] is energized.

2719, 2717

BO_PhC_MR12_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR12] is energized.

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

6-37
Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description
Pin No.
3rd

Symbol

Description

group output contacts as remote signal

2720, 2712

BO_PhC_MR9_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR09] is energized.

2720, 2714

BO_PhC_MR10_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR10] is energized.

2720, 2716

BO_PhC_MR11_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR11] is energized.

2720, 2718

BO_PhC_MR12_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR12] is energized.

4th group output contacts as disturbance&fault recording (DFR) signal


2730, 2722

BO_PhC_MR9_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR09] is energized.

2730, 2724

BO_PhC_MR10_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR10] is energized.

2730, 2726

BO_PhC_MR11_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR11] is energized.

2730, 2728

BO_PhC_MR12_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR12] is energized.

Power supply input of module


2725

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

2729

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

6.2.7.14 IO Module 14 at Slot 28 (NR1533)


The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of IO module 14 at slot 28 position.

NR1533 (MR IO Module)


2801
2803
2805
2807
2828

ResetInput

Reset Signal
Binary Input
Signals of
Mechanical
protection

High Voltage

NR1533

BI_PhC_MR13
BI_PhC_MR14
BI_PhC_MR15
BI_PhC_MR16

2802

BO_PhC_MR13_1

2804

BO_PhC_MR14_1

2806

BO_PhC_MR15_1

2808

BO_PhC_MR16_1

2810

Common1

2811

BO_PhC_MR13_2

2813

BO_PhC_MR14_2

2815

BO_PhC_MR15_2

2817

BO_PhC_MR16_2

2819

Common2

2812

BO_PhC_MR13_3

2814

BO_PhC_MR14_3

2816

BO_PhC_MR15_3

2818

BO_PhC_MR16_3

2820

Common3

2822

BO_PhC_MR13_4

2824

BO_PhC_MR14_4

2826

BO_PhC_MR15_4

2828

BO_PhC_MR16_4
Common4

2830
2825

Module Power Input

2829

Pwr+
Pwr -

Figure 6.2-21 Pin definition of MR input and output module 14

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

6-38
Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description
Pin No.
2801

Symbol
ResetInput

Description
Reset input, when a reset signal arrives, the corresponding magnetic latched
contacts of mechanical signals are reset.

Mechanical signal inputs

1st

2803

BI_PhC_MR13

Phase C input signal of MR13 mechanical relay.

2805

BI_PhC_MR14

Phase C input signal of MR14 mechanical relay.

2807

BI_PhC_MR15

Phase C input signal of MR15 mechanical relay.

2809

BI_PhC_MR16

Phase C input signal of MR16 mechanical relay.

group output contacts (magnetic latched contact) as annunciation signal

2810, 2802

BO_PhC_MR13_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR13] is energized.

2810, 2804

BO_PhC_MR14_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR14] is energized.

2810, 2806

BO_PhC_MR15_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR15] is energized.

2810, 2808

BO_PhC_MR16_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR16] is energized.

2nd

group output contacts as MR repeating signal

2819, 2811

BO_PhC_MR13_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR13] is energized.

2819, 2813

BO_PhC_MR14_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR14] is energized.

2819, 2815

BO_PhC_MR15_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR15] is energized.

2819, 2817

BO_PhC_MR16_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR16] is energized.

3rd group output contacts as remote signal


2820, 2812

BO_PhC_MR13_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR13] is energized.

2820, 2814

BO_PhC_MR14_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhB_MR14] is energized.

2820, 2816

BO_PhC_MR15_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR15] is energized.

2820, 2818

BO_PhC_MR16_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR16] is energized.

4th

group output contacts as disturbance&fault recording (DFR) signal

2830, 2822

BO_PhC_MR13_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR13] is energized.

2830, 2824

BO_PhC_MR14_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR14] is energized.

2830, 2826

BO_PhC_MR15_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR15] is energized.

2830, 2828

BO_PhC_MR16_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR16] is energized.

Power supply input of module


2825

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

2829

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

6.2.7.15 IO Module 15 at Slot 29 (NR1533)


The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of IO module 15 at slot 29 position.

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6 Hardware Description

NR1533 (MR IO Module)


2901
2903
2905
2907
2909

ResetInput

Reset Signal
Binary Input
Signals of
Mechanical
protection

High Voltage

NR1533

BI_PhC_MR17
BI_PhC_MR18
BI_PhC_MR19
BI_PhC_MR20

2902

BO_PhC_MR17_1

2904

BO_PhC_MR18_1

2906

BO_PhC_MR19_1

2908

BO_PhC_MR20_1

2910

Common1

2911

BO_PhC_MR17_2

2913

BO_PhC_MR18_2

2929

BO_PhC_MR19_2

2917

BO_PhC_MR20_2

2919

Common2

2912

BO_PhC_MR17_3

2914

BO_PhC_MR18_3

2916

BO_PhC_MR19_3

2918

BO_PhC_MR20_3

2920

Common3

2922

BO_PhC_MR17_4

2924

BO_PhC_MR18_4

2926

BO_PhC_MR19_4

2928

BO_PhC_MR20_4
Common4

2930
2925

Module Power Input

2929

Pwr+
Pwr -

Figure 6.2-22 Pin definition of MR input and output module 15


Pin No.
2901

Symbol
ResetInput

Description
Reset input, when a reset signal arrives, the corresponding magnetic latched
contacts of mechanical signals are reset.

Mechanical signal inputs

1st

2903

BI_PhC_MR17

Phase C input signal of MR17 mechanical relay.

2905

BI_PhC_MR18

Phase C input signal of MR18 mechanical relay.

2907

BI_PhC_MR19

Phase C input signal of MR19 mechanical relay.

2909

BI_PhC_MR20

Phase C input signal of MR20 mechanical relay.

group output contacts (magnetic latched contact) as annunciation signal

2910, 2902

BO_PhC_MR17_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR17] is energized.

2910, 2904

BO_PhC_MR18_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR18] is energized.

2910, 2906

BO_PhC_MR19_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR19] is energized.

2910, 2908

BO_PhC_MR20_1

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR20] is energized.

2nd

group output contacts as MR repeating signal

2919, 2911

BO_PhC_MR17_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR17] is energized.

2919, 2913

BO_PhC_MR18_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR18] is energized.

2919, 2915

BO_PhC_MR19_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR19] is energized.

2919, 2917

BO_PhC_MR20_2

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR20] is energized.

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6 Hardware Description
Pin No.
3rd

Symbol

Description

group output contacts as remote signal

2920, 2912

BO_PhC_MR17_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR17] is energized.

2920, 2914

BO_PhC_MR18_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR18] is energized.

2920, 2916

BO_PhC_MR19_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR19] is energized.

2920, 2918

BO_PhC_MR20_3

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR20] is energized.

4th group output contacts as disturbance&fault recording (DFR) signal


2930, 2922

BO_PhC_MR17_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR17] is energized.

2930, 2924

BO_PhC_MR18_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR18] is energized.

2930, 2926

BO_PhC_MR19_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR19] is energized.

2930, 2928

BO_PhC_MR20_4

NO contact, is closed when binary input [BI_PhC_MR20] is energized.

Power supply input of module


2925

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

2929

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the board connected to DC power supply

6.2.8 RLY Output Module (Relay Output )


Two relay output modules (NR1544) are equipped at slot 22 and slot 24, which are used to extend
more tripping output contacts.
6.2.8.1 Relay Module 1 at Slot 22 (NR1544)
The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of relay output module 1 at slot 22
position.

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6 Hardware Description
From power supply +
From power supply -

NR1544

2229
2230
2201
2202

Module Power Input

Pwr +
Pwr -

Signal Input
(high voltage +)

2203

Input1
Input2
BO_Trp_1

2205
2206
2207
2208
2209
2210
2211
2212

1st group of trip output contacts

2204
BO_Trp_2

BO_Trp_3
BO_Trp_4

BO_Trp_5

2213
BO_Trp_6

2214
2215

BO_Trp_7

2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
2224

2nd group of trip output contacts

2216
BO_Trp_8

BO_Trp_9

BO_Trp_10
BO_Trp_11

2225
BO_Trp_12

2227
2228

Annunciation
Signal

2226

Common
BO_LossPwr_MR

Figure 6.2-23 Pin definition of relay output module 1


Pin No.

Sign

Description

2229

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the module connected to DC power supply

2230

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the module connected to DC power supply

2201

Input1

Signal input to initiate the 1st group of trip output contacts

2202

Input2

Signal input to initiate the 2nd group of trip output contacts

Signal input

1st Group of trip output contacts


2203, 2204

BO_Trp_1

2205, 2206

BO_Trp_2

2207, 2208

BO_Trp_3

2209, 2210

BO_Trp_4

2211, 2212

BO_Trp_5

2213, 2214

BO_Trp_6

NO contacts, are closed when pin 2201 is energized by DC high voltage.

2nd group of trip output contacts


2215, 2216

BO_Trp_7

2217, 2218

BO_Trp_8

2219, 2220

BO_Trp_9

NO contacts, are closed when pin 2201 is energized by DC high voltage.

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6 Hardware Description
Pin No.

Sign

2221, 2222

BO_Trp_10

2223, 2224

BO_Trp_11

2225, 2226

BO_Trp_12

Description

Annunciation signals (magnetic latched contact)


2227, 2228

BO_LossPwr_MR

NC contact, is closed when power of this board is lost.

6.2.8.2 Relay Module 1 at Slot 24 (NR1544)


The following figure shows the rear view and pin definition of relay output module 1 at slot 24
position.
From power supply +
From power supply -

NR1544

2429
2430
2401
2402

Module Power Input

Pwr +
Pwr -

Signal Input
(high voltage +)

2403

Input1
Input2
BO_Trp_1

2405
2406
2407
2408
2409
2410
2411
2412

1st group of trip output contacts

2404
BO_Trp_2

BO_Trp_3
BO_Trp_4

BO_Trp_5

2413
BO_Trp_6

2414
2415

BO_Trp_7

2417
2418
2419
2420
2421
2422
2423
2424

2nd group of trip output contacts

2416
BO_Trp_8

BO_Trp_9

BO_Trp_10
BO_Trp_11

2425
BO_Trp_12

2427
2428

Annunciation
Signal

2426

Common
BO_LossPwr_MR

Figure 6.2-24 Pin definition of relay output module 1


Pin No.

Sign

Description

2429

Pwr+

Positive pole of power of the module connected to DC power supply

2430

Pwr-

Negative pole of power of the module connected to DC power supply

2401

Input1

Signal input to initiate the 1st group of trip output contacts

2402

Input2

Signal input to initiate the 2nd group of trip output contacts

Signal input

1st Group of trip output contacts


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6 Hardware Description
Pin No.

Sign

2403, 2404

BO_Trp_1

2405, 2406

BO_Trp_2

2407, 2408

BO_Trp_3

2409, 2410

BO_Trp_4

2411, 2412

BO_Trp_5

2413, 2414

BO_Trp_6

Description

NO contacts, are closed when pin 2401 is energized by DC high voltage.

2nd group of trip output contacts


2415, 2416

BO_Trp_7

2417, 2418

BO_Trp_8

2419, 2420

BO_Trp_9

2421, 2422

BO_Trp_10

2423, 2424

BO_Trp_11

2425, 2426

BO_Trp_12

NO contacts, are closed when pin 2401 is energized by DC high voltage.

Annunciation signals (magnetic latched contact)


2427, 2428

BO_LossPwr_MR

NC contact, is closed when power of this board is lost.

6.2.9 AC AI Module (AC Analog Input)


6.2.9.1 AC Analog Input Module (NR1401)
The protection device which supports ECVT should not be equipped with this module. The analog
input module can transform these high AC input values to relevant low AC output value for the
DSP module. The transformers are used both to step-down the currents and voltages to levels
appropriate to the electronic circuitry of this device and to provide effective isolation between this
device and the power system. A low pass filter circuit is connected to each transformer (CT or VT)
secondary circuit for reducing the noise of each analog AC input signal.
NOTE!

The rated value of the input current transformer is optional: 1A or 5A. The rated

value of the CT must be definitely declared in the technical scheme and the contract.
NOTE!

Because the rated value of the input current transformer is optional, it is

necessary to check whether the rated values of the current transformer inputs are
accordant to the demand of the engineering before putting the device into operation.
A 24-pin connector is fixed on the front of this module. The pin definition of the connector is
described as below.

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6 Hardware Description

NR1401

NR1401

I1

01

I1n

02

I2

03

I2n

04

I3

05

I3n

06

I4

07

I4n

08

I5

09

I5n

10

I6

11

I6n

12

U1

13

U1n

14

U2

15

U2n

16

U3

17

U3n

18

U4

19

U4n

20

U5

21

U5n

22

U6

23

U6n

24

Figure 6.2-25 Pin definition of AC analog output module

NOTE!

In above figure, I1, I2, I3, I4, I5, I6, I7, I8, I9, I10, I11, I12 and U1, U2, U3, U4,

U5, U6 are polarity terminals of corresponding relevant voltage and current inputs
respectively.
NOTE!

If user needs other analog input configuration, please declare in the technical

scheme and the contract.


The pin definition of the AC analog input module at slot 04 is shown as follows.
Original

New-defined

Symbol

Symbol

0401

I1

Ia

0402

I1n

Ian

0403

I2

Ib

0404

I2n

Ibn

0405

I3

Ic

0406

I3n

Icn

Pin No.

Description

The phase A current input.

The phase B current input.

The phase C current input.

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Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description

Pin No.

Original

New-defined

Symbol

Symbol

0407

I4

0408

I4n

0409

I5

0410

I5n

0411

I6

0412

I6n

0413

U1

0414

U1n

0415

U2

0416

U2n

0417

U3

0418

U3n

0419

U4

0420

U4n

0421

U5

0422

U5n

0423

U6

0424

U6n

Description

Not used

Not used

Not used

Not used

Not used

Not used

Not used

Not used

Not used

6.2.9.2 CT Requirement
-Rated primary current Ipn:
According to the rated current or maximum load current of primary apparatus.
-Rated continuous thermal current Icth:
According to the maximum load current.
-Rated short-time thermal current Ith and rated dynamic current Idyn:
According to the maximum fault current.
-Rated secondary current Isn
-Accuracy limit factor Kalf:
Ipn

Rated primary current (amps)

Icth

Rated continuous thermal current (amps)

Ith

Rated short-time thermal current (amps)

Idyn

Rated dynamic current (amps)

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6 Hardware Description

Isn

Rated secondary current (amps)

Kalf

Accuracy limit factor


Kalf = Ipal / Ipn

Ipal

Rated accuracy limit primary current (amps)

Ipn

Rated primary current (amps)

Performance verification
Esl > Esl
Esl

Rated secondary limiting e.m.f (volts)


Esl = kalf*Isn*(Rct+Rbn)

Kalf

Accuracy limit factor


Kalf =Ipal/Ipn

Ipal

Rated accuracy limit primary current (amps)

Ipn

Rated primary current (amps)

Isn

Rated secondary current (amps)

Rct

Current transformer secondary winding resistance. (ohms)

Rbn

Rated resistance burden(ohms)


Rbn=Sbn/Isn2

Sbn

Rated burden (VAs)

Esl

Required secondary limiting e.m.f (volts)


Esl = k*Ipcf *Isn*(Rct+Rb)/Ipn

Stability factor = 2

Ipcf

Protective checking factor current (amps)


Same as the maximum prospective fault current

Isn

Rated secondary current (amps)

Rct

Current transformer secondary winding resistance. (ohms)

Rb

Real resistance burden (ohms)


Rb =Rr+2*RL+ RC

RC

Contact resistance, 0.05-0.1 ohm(ohms)

RL

Resistance of a single lead from relay to current


transformer(ohms)

Rr

Impedance of relay phase current input (ohms)

Ipn

Rated primary current (amps)

For exampleKalf=30, Isn=5A, Rct=1ohm, Sbn=60VA


Esl = kalf*Isn*(Rct+Rbn) = kalf*Isn*(Rct+ Sbn/Isn2)= 30*5*(1+60/52)=510V
Ipcf=40000A, RL=0.5ohm, Rr=0.1ohm, Rc=0.1ohm, Ipn=2000A
Esl = 2*Ipcf *Isn*(Rct+Rb)/Ipn= 2*Ipcf *Isn*(Rct+( Rr +2*RL+ RC))/Ipn
= 2*40000*5*(1+(0.1+2*0.5+0.1))/2000=440V
Esl > Esl
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6 Hardware Description

6.2.10 HMI Module


The display panel consists of liquid crystal display module, keyboard, LED and ARM processor.
The functions of ARM processor include display control of the liquid crystal display module,
keyboard processing, and exchanging data with the CPU through serial port etc. The liquid crystal
display module is a high-performance grand liquid crystal panel with soft back lighting, which has a
user-friendly interface and an extensive display range.

6.3 Scheme Diagram of Input and Output of MR


According to the difference of the importance of transformer MR protection, the mechanical signals
are classified into two groups described in the following sections. They may lead to different
equipment operation.
(1) MR signals (MR1~MR20, three phase signals) are repeated to issue trip command directly are
connected to the corresponding terminals of each phase to initiate trip output relays without
time delay and send out warning signals immediately.
(2) Some MR signals (MR1~MR4, three phase signals) are repeated to issue trip command with
time delay are connected to corresponding terminals of each phase to initiate trip output relays
with time delay which can be configured in the equipment, and send out warning signals
immediately.
NOTE!

The wiring of binary input, signal output and tripping output of mechanical

protection is shown in the following figures, in which dashed lines are the external wiring
for panel design. The following design is only a recommended design which can be
changed according to user requirements by panel wiring designer.

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

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6 Hardware Description
Ext._Pwr -

Ext._Pwr +

Contact from Transformer MR


BI_PhA_MR1

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

0603
BI_PhA_MR2

0629

0605
BI_PhA_MR3
0607
BI_PhA_MR4
0609
BI_PhA_MR5
0703
BI_PhA_MR6

0729

Phase A binary Input of Mechanical Signals

0705
BI_PhA_MR7
0707
BI_PhA_MR8
0709
BI_PhA_MR9
0803
BI_PhA_MR10

0829

0805

BI_PhA_MR11
0807
BI_PhA_MR12

0809

BI_PhA_MR13
0903
BI_PhA_OilTemp

0929

0905
BI_PhA_MR15
0907
BI_PhA_MR16
0909
BI_PhA_MR17

1003

BI_PhA_MR18

1029

1005
BI_PhA_MR19
1007
BI_PhA_MR20
1009

Figure 6.3-1 MR phase A input signals association diagram of PCS-974FG

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6 Hardware Description
Ext._Pwr -

Ext._Pwr +

Contact from Transformer MR


BI_PhB_Cool

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

1103
BI_PhB_MR2

1129

1105
BI_PhB_MR3
1107
BI_PhB_MR4
1109
BI_PhB_MR5
1203
BI_PhB_MR6

1229

Phase B binary Input of Mechanical Signals

1205
BI_PhB_MR7
1207
BI_PhB_MR8
1209
BI_PhB_MR9
1303
BI_PhB_MR10

1329

1305

BI_PhB_MR11
1307
BI_PhB_MR12

1309

BI_PhB_MR13
1403
BI_PhB_OilTemp

1429

1405
BI_PhB_MR15
1407
BI_PhB_MR16
1409
BI_PhB_MR17

1503

BI_PhB_MR18

1529

1505
BI_PhB_MR19
1507
BI_PhB_MR20
1509

Figure 6.3-2 MR phase B input signals association diagram of PCS-974FG

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Date: 2013-05-17

6 Hardware Description
Ext._Pwr -

Ext._Pwr +

Contact from Transformer MR


BI_PhC_Cool

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

RELAY

2503
BI_PhC_MR2

2529

2505
BI_PhC_MR3
2507
BI_PhC_MR4
2509
BI_PhC_MR5
2603
BI_PhC_MR6

2629

Phase C binary Input of Mechanical Signals

2605
BI_PhC_MR7
2607
BI_PhC_MR8
2609
BI_PhC_MR9
2703
BI_PhC_MR10

2729

2705

BI_PhC_MR11
2707
BI_PhC_MR12

2709

BI_PhC_MR13
2803
BI_PhC_OilTemp

2829

2805
BI_PhC_MR15
2807
BI_PhC_MR16
2809
BI_PhC_MR17

2903

BI_PhC_MR18

2929

2905
BI_PhC_MR19
2907
BI_PhC_MR20
2909

Figure 6.3-3 MR phase C input signals association diagram of PCS-974FG

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

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6 Hardware Description

Signals of MR protection with


time delay to initiate trip output
relay

Ext._Pwr +
1717

Ext._Pwr 1718 Isolator Link

BO_Trp_DlyMR1

Output Relay
Group1

Output Relay
Group2

Output Relay
Group1

Output Relay
Group2

2201
1719

1720

1721

1722

BO_Trp_DlyMR2

2230

2202
BO_Trp_DlyMR3

2401
BO_Trp_DlyMR4

1723

2430

1724
2402

Ext._Pwr +
BO_PhA_MR5
0719

0711

1219

1211

2619

2611

0719

0713

1219

1213

2619

2613

0719

0715

1219

1215

2619

2615

0719

0717

1219

1217

2619

2617

0819

0811

1319

1311

2719

2711

BO_PhB_MR5

Signals of MR protection without Time Delay to Initiate Trip Output Relay

BO_PhC_MR5

BO_PhA_MR6

BO_PhB_MR6

BO_PhC_MR6

BO_PhA_MR7

BO_PhB_MR7

BO_PhC_MR7

BO_PhA_MR8

BO_PhB_MR8

BO_PhC_MR8

BO_PhA_MR9

BO_PhB_MR9

BO_PhC_MR9

Figure 6.3-4 MR tripping output contacts association diagram of PCS-974FG

6.4 Output Signals


PCS-974FG provides three kinds of signals for every event, remote signals, annunciation signals
and DFR signals. The event may be a mechanical signal from transformer mechanical relay, an
equipment failure, an equipment alarm or activation of pole-disagreement protection element.
All the signals are issued by closing the normal open contacts of signal relays whenever an event
happens. What matters is that the local signal relay is a bistable-relay, whenever an event
happens, the normal open contact of this relay will pick up and latch. The annunciation signal relay
will not drop off automatically after the event disappears except to reset manually. Annunciation
signal relays on two relay output modules can be reset by the reset button on the equipment front
panel or by the binary input [BI_RstTarg]. And annunciation signals on IO module can be reset by
a reset input terminal.
PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

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Date: 2013-05-17

7 Settings

7 Settings
Table of Contents
7.1 Overview........................................................................................................... 7-1
7.2 Device Settings ................................................................................................ 7-1
7.3 Communication Settings ................................................................................ 7-1
7.4 System Settings ............................................................................................... 7-6
7.5 Protection Settings .......................................................................................... 7-6
7.6 Logic Links ....................................................................................................... 7-8
7.7 Label Settings .................................................................................................. 7-9

List of Tables
Table 7.2-1 Device setting list .................................................................................................. 7-1
Table 7.3-1 Communication setting list ................................................................................... 7-1
Table 7.4-1 System setting list ................................................................................................. 7-6
Table 7.5-1 Protection settings list .......................................................................................... 7-7
Table 7.6-1 Function logic link list ........................................................................................... 7-9
Table 7.7-1 Label setting list of MR .......................................................................................... 7-9

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

7-a
Date: 2013-05-17

7 Settings

7.1 Overview
The equipment has 10 setting groups for protection to coordinate with the mode of power system
operation, one of which is assigned to be active. However, common settings are shared by all
protection setting groups, and settings of protection element are set according to secondary
values.

7.2 Device Settings

Setting list
Table 7.2-1 Device setting list

No.

Setting Item

Range

Description
Select encoding format of header (HDR) file

HDR_EncodeMode

GB18030, UTF-8

COMTRADE recording file. Default value is


UTF-8.

Un_BinaryInput

Setting explanation

1.

24V, 48V, 110V, 220V

Voltage level of binary input

[HDR_EncodeMode]

The setting is to select encoding format of header file .Default value of [HDR_EncodeMode] is
1((i.e. UTF-8 code) and please set it to 0(i.e. GB18030) according to the special requirement.
2.

[Un_BinaryInput]

The setting is used to set the voltage level of binary input module. 24V and 48V can be selected
when low-voltage BI module is equipped and 110V or 220V can be selected when high voltage
BI module is equipped.

Setting path

Access path in menu is:


Main menu -> Settings -> Device Setup -> Device Settings

7.3 Communication Settings

Setting list
Table 7.3-1 Communication setting list

No.
1

Settings item
IP_LAN1

Range

Description

000.000.000.000~
255.255.255.255

IP address of Ethernet port 1.

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7 Settings
No.

Settings item

Range

Description

000.000.000.000~

Mask_LAN1

IP_LAN2

Mask_LAN2

En_LAN2

0: disable, 1: enable

Enable/disable the IP address of port 2.

IP_LAN3

0: disable, 1: enable

IP address of Ethernet port 3.

Mask_LAN3

En_LAN3

0: disable, 1: enable

Enable/disable the IP address of port 3.

IP_LAN4

0: disable, 1: enable

IP address of Ethernet port 4.

10

Mask_LAN4

11

En_LAN4

12

Gateway

13

En_Broadcast

255.255.255.255
000.000.000.000~
255.255.255.255
000.000.000.000~
255.255.255.255

000.000.000.000~
255.255.255.255

000.000.000.000~
255.255.255.255
0: disable, 1: enable
000.000.000.000~
255.255.255.255
0: disable, 1: enable

Subnet mask of Ethernet port 1.

IP address of Ethernet port 2.

Subnet mask of Ethernet port 2.

Subnet mask of Ethernet port 3.

Subnet mask of Ethernet port 4.


Enable/disable the IP address of port 4.
Gateway of router
Enable/disable sending message in broadcast
mode via network. (IEC103).
Communication address between the protective

14

Addr_RS485A

device with the SCADA or RTU via RS-485 serial

0255

port 1.
15

Baud_RS485A

4800,9600,19200,
38400,57600,115200 bps

Baud rate of rear RS-485 serial port 1.


Communication protocol of rear RS-485 serial port
1.

16

Protocol_RS485A

0: IEC60870-5-103;

09

1: Modbus
2: Reserved
Others: Not available
Communication address between the protective

17

Addr_RS485B

device with the SCADA or RTU via RS-485 serial

0255

port 2.
18

Baud_RS485B

4800,9600,19200,
38400,57600,115200 bps

Baud rate of rear RS-485 serial port 2.

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7 Settings
No.

Settings item

Range

Description
Communication protocol of rear RS-485 serial port
2.

19

Protocol_RS485B

0: IEC60870-5-103;

09

1: Modbus
2: Reserved
Others: Not available
Threshold value of sending measurement values to

20

Threshold_Measmt

0~100%

SCADA through IEC103 or IEC61850 protocol.


Default value: 1%.
The time period when the equipment sends

21

Period_Measmt

0~65535s

measurement data to SCADA through IEC103


protocol.
Default value:60.

22

Format_Measmt

23

Baud_Printer

Select the format of measurement data sent to

0, 1

SCADA through IEC103 protocol.

4800,9600,
19200,38400, 57600,

Baud rate of printer port

115200 bps
24

0: disable

En_AutoPrint

1: enable

Enable/disable automatic printing function

Conventional
25

SAS

Opt_TimeSyn

Select the mode of time synchronization of

Advanced

equipment.

NoTimeSyn

26

000.000.000.000~

IP_Server_SNTP

255.255.255.255

27

OffsetHour_UTC

28

OffsetMinute_UTC

29

Opt_Display_Status

Setting explanation

1.

[En_LANx]

-12~12hrs
0~60min

The

address

of

the

external

SNTP

clock

synchronization server sending SNTP message to


the equipment.
The local time zone also referred to as the hour
offset hour from UTC .
The offset minute of local time from UTC.

Primary value/

Select display measurement values is primary value

Second value

or secondary value

(x= 2, 3, 4)

These setting are used to enable/disable IP addresses of Ethernet 2, 3 and 4 respectively. IP


address of Ethernet 1 is enabled fixedly.
1: enable the IP address of Ethernet port and the corresponding IP address setting is needed to
be set.

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7 Settings

0: disable the IP address of Ethernet port and the corresponding IP address setting is not needed
to be set.
2.

[En_Broadcast]

This setting is only used for IEC 103 protocol. If NR network IEC103 protocol is used, the setting
must be set as 1.
0: the device does not send UDP messages through network;
1: the device sends UDP messages through network.
3.

[Protocol_RS485x] (x=A, B)

The setting is used to select the communication protocol of rear RS-485 serial port X.
0: IEC 60870-5-103 protocol
1: Reserved
2: Modbus protocol
4.

[Format_Measmt]

The setting is used to select the format of measurement data sent to SCADA through IEC103
protocol.
0: GDD data type through IEC103 protocol is 12;
1: GDD data type through IEC103 protocol is 7, i.e. 754 short real number of IEEE standard.
5.

[En_AutoPrint]

If automatic print is required for disturbance report after protection operating, the setting should be
set as 1.
6.

[Opt_TimeSyn]

There are four selections for clock synchronization of device, each selection includes different time
clock synchronization signals shown in following table.
Item

Description
PPS(RS-485): Pulse per second (PPS) via RS-485 differential level.

Conventional

IRIG-B(RS-485): IRIG-B via RS-485 differential level.


PPM(DIN): Pulse per minute (PPM) via the binary input [BI_TimeSyn].
PPS(DIN): Pulse per second (PPS) via the binary input [BI_TimeSyn].
SNTP(PTP): Unicast (point to point) SNTP mode via Ethernet network.

SAS

SNTP(BC): Broadcast SNTP mode via Ethernet network.


Message (IEC103): Clock messages through IEC103 protocol.
IEEE1588: Clock message via IEEE1588.

Advanced

IRIG-B(Fiber): IRIG-B via optical-fibre interface.


PPS(Fiber): Pulse per second (PPS) via optical-fibre interface.

NoTimeSyn

When no time synchronization signal is connected to the equipment, please select

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7 Settings
Item

Description
this option and the alarm message [Alm_TimeSync] will not be issued anymore.

Conventional mode and SAS mode are always be supported by device, but Advanced mode
is only supported when NET-DSP module is equipped. The alarm signal [Alm_TimeSyn] may be
issued to remind user loss of time synchronization signals.
1)

When SAS is selected, if there is no conventional clock synchronization signal, the device
will not send the alarm signal [Alm_TimeSyn]. When Conventional mode is selected, if there
is no conventional clock synchronization signal, SAS mode will be enabled automatically
with the alarm signal [Alm_TimeSyn] being issued simultaneously.

2)

When Advanced mode is selected, if there is no conventional clock synchronization signal


connected to NET-DSP moduleSAS mode is enabled automatically with the alarm signal
[Alm_TimeSyn] being issued simultaneously.

3)

When NoTimeSyn mode is selected, the device will not send alarm signals without
NOTE! The clock message via IEC103 protocol is invalid when the device receives the
IRIG-B signal through RC-485 port.

7.

[IP_Server_SNTP]

It is the address of the SNTP time synchronization server which sends SNTP timing messages to
the relay or BCU.
8.

[OffsetHour_UTC], [OffsetMinute_UTC]

When the IEC61850 protocol is adopted in substations, if the time tags of communication
messages are required according to Universal Time Coordinated (UTC), the two settings are
used to set the local time of a country or area where the relay is installed. If there is no such a
requirement, the two settings must be set as 0.
Example 1: In China where UTC offset is UTC +8:00, [OffsetHour_UTC] and [OffsetMinute_UTC]
should be set as 8hrs and 0min respectively.
Example 2: In Argentina where UTC offset is UTC-3:00,
[OffsetMinute_UTC] should be set as -3hrs and 0min respectively.

[OffsetHour_UTC]

and

Example 3: In Nepal where UTC offset is UTC +5:45, [OffsetHour_UTC] and [OffsetMinute_UTC]
should be set as +5hrs and 45min respectively.
Time zone
Setting
Time zone
Setting
Time zone
Setting
Time zone

GMT zone

East 1st

East 2nd

East 3rd

East 4th

East 5th

East

6th

6
East/West

East

7th

7
12th

West

East

8th

8
1st

West

East

9th

9
2nd

West

East

10th

10
3rd

West

East 11th
11

4th

West 5th

-12/12

-1

-2

-3

-4

-5

West 6th

West 7th

West 8th

West 9th

West 10th

West 11th

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7 Settings
-6

Setting

-7

-8

-9

-10

-11

Setting Path

Access path in menu is:


Main Menu -> Settings -> Device Setup -> Comm Settings

7.4 System Settings

Setting list
Table 7.4-1 System setting list

No.

Setting Item

Range

Step

1~10

Active_Grp

PrimaryEquip_Name

I1n

0~60000

I2n

1A or 5A

Unit

Description
Current setting group.

Max 20

Name of the protected primary equipment, such as

characters

transformer, line, etc.


1

Primary rated current of CT.

Secondary rated current of CT.

NOTE! Symbol x represents some side of transformer or VT/CT type only defined by
user through PCS-Explore software, which may be HVS(HV side), MVS(MV side),
etc.

Setting explanation

1. [ Active_Grp]
The current protection setting group number, and total 10 group settings are provided. The device
settings, communication settings and system settings, are common for all protection groups.
2.

[I1n], [I2n]

Set those settings respectively according to the actual primary value and secondary value of CT.

Setting path

Access path in menu is:


Main Menu -> Settings -> System Settings

7.5 Protection Settings


NOTE!

There are some symbols mentioned in the following sections and the meaning of

them is given here.

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7 Settings

In rated secondary current of CT.


NOTE: All the protection settings in Table 7.5-1 must be configured on the base of
secondary value, where [I2n] is the secondary rated current of CT.
Table 7.5-1 Protection settings list
No.
1

Setting Item
62PD.3I0_Set

Range

Step

Unit

0.04150

0.001

Description
Current setting of residual overcurrent element
for pole disagreement protection.
Current

62PD.I2_Set

0.04150

0.001

setting

of

negative-sequence

overcurrent element for pole disagreement


protection.
Time delay of pole disagreement protection

62PD.t1_Op

0360

0.001

62PD.t2_Op

0360

0.001

50BF.Ip_Set

0.04150

0.001

50BF.3I0_Set

0.04150

0.001

50BF.I2_Set

0.04150

0.001

50BF.t1_Op

0360

0.001

Time delay of breaker failure initiation delay 1.

50BF.t2_Op

0360

0.001

Time delay of breaker failure initiation delay 2.

10 MR1.t_FixDly

012000

0.001

Fixed time delay of MR1 for tripping.

11 MR1.t_OpDly

012000

0.001

Time delay of MR1 for tripping.

12 MR2.t_FixDly

012000

0.001

Fixed time delay of MR2 for tripping.

13 MR3.t_FixDly

012000

0.001

Fixed time delay of MR3 for tripping.

14 MR4.t_FixDly

012000

0.001

Fixed time delay of MR4 for tripping.

15 62PD.En_t1

16 62PD.En_t2

17 62PD.En_3I0

18 62PD.En_I2

19 62PD.En_Ip

0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable

delay 1.
Time delay of pole disagreement protection
delay 2.
Current setting of phase overcurrent element for
breaker failure initiation.
Current setting of residual overcurrent element
for breaker failure initiation.
Current

setting

of

negative-sequence

overcurrent element for breaker failure initiation.

Logic setting of enabling/disabling


disagreement protection delay 1.

pole

Logic setting of enabling/disabling


disagreement protection delay 2.

pole

Logic setting of enabling/disabling residual


overcurrent
element
to
control
pole
disagreement protection.

Logic
setting
of
enabling/disabling
zero-sequence overcurrent element to control
pole disagreement protection.

Logic setting of enabling/disabling phase


overcurrent
element
to
control
pole

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7 Settings
No.

Setting Item

Range

Step

Unit

Description
disagreement protection.

20 62PD.En_ExTrp_t2

21 50BF.En_t1

22 50BF.En_t2

23 50BF.En_3I0

24 50BF.En_I2

25 50BF.En_ExTrp_Ctrl

26 50BF.En_PD_Ctrl

27 50BF.En_52a_Ctrl

28 MR1.En_FixDly

29 MR1.En_OpDly

30 MR1.En_MR14CtrlMR1

31 MR2.En_FixDly

32 MR3.En_FixDly

33 MR4.En_FixDly

0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable
0: disable
1: enable

Logic setting of enabling/disabling external


tripping signal to control pole disagreement
protection delay 2

Logic setting of enabling/disabling breaker


failure initation delay 1.

Logic setting of enabling/disabling breaker


failure initation delay 2.

Logic setting of enabling/disabling residual


overcurrent element to control breaker failure
initation.

Logic
setting
of
enabling/disabling
zero-sequence overcurrent element to control
breaker failure initation.

Logic setting of enabling/disabling external


tripping signal to control breaker failure initiation.

Logic setting of enabling/disabling pole


disagreement position of CB to control breaker
failure initiation.

Logic setting of enabling/disabling breaker NO


auxiliary contact to control breaker failure
initiation.

Logic setting of enabling/disabling MR1 to issue


a trip command after delay [MR1.t_FixDly].

Logic setting of enabling/disabling MR1


protection to issue a trip command after delay
[MR1.En_OpDly].

Logic setting of enabling/disabling MR14 to


control MR1 protection.

Logic setting of enabling/disabling MR2 to issue


a trip command after delay [MR2.t_Op].

Logic setting of enabling/disabling MR3to issue


a trip command after delay [MR3.t_Op].

Logic setting of enabling/disabling MR4 to issue


a trip command after delay [MR4.t_Op].

7.6 Logic Links


The logic link is one of the conditions that decide whether the relevant protection is in service,
when this relay is energized. Each logic iLink is an AND condition of enabling the relevant
protective element with the corresponding binary input and logic setting. Through SAS or
RTU, the virtual enabling binary input can be set as 1 or 0; and it means that the relevant

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

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7 Settings

protection can be in service or out of service through remote command. It provides convenience
for operation management.

Setting List
Table 7.6-1 Function logic link list

No.

Symbol

Link_RmtChgSetting

Link_RmtCtrlLink

Link_RmtChgGrp

Link_En62PD

Link_En50BF

Link_EnDlyMR

Range

Step

0: disable

1: enable
0: disable

1: enable
0: disable

1: enable
0: disable

1: enable
0: disable

1: enable
0: disable

1: enable

Explanation
Logic link of enabling/disabling changing settings
remotely.
Logic link of enabling/disabling changing VEBI
settings remotely.
Logic link of enabling/disabling changing current
active group remotely.
Logic link of enabling/disabling pole disagreement
protection.
Logic link of enabling breaker failure initiation.
Logic

link

of

enabling/disabling

mechanical

protection tripping with time delay.

Setting Path

Main Menu -> Settings -> Logic Links->Function Links

7.7 Label Settings


These label settings are used to define MR signal to a specific MR name used on site. After new
definition of MR is applied, then MR signal will be display in specific MR name in printed report and
signals to SAS or RTU, but there are no changes for MR item in local LCD display.
The following label settings are used to define a MR sinal as a specific MR signal according to
user requirements.
Table 7.7-1 Label setting list of MR
No.

Range

Symbol

Description

Name_MR1A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR1.

Name_MR2A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR2.

Name_MR3A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR3.

Name_MR4A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR4.

Name_MR5A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR5.

Name_MR6A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR6.

Name_MR7A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR7.

Name_MR8A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR8.

Name_MR9A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR9.

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7 Settings
Range

No.

Symbol

Description

10

Name_MR10A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR10.

11

Name_MR11A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR11.

12

Name_MR12A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR12.

13

Name_MR13A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR13.

14

Name_MR14A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR14.

15

Name_MR15A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR15.

16

Name_MR16A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR16.

17

Name_MR17A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR17.

18

Name_MR18A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR18.

19

Name_MR19A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR19.

20

Name_MR20A

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase A input signal of MR20.

21

Name_MR1B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR1.

22

Name_MR2B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR2.

23

Name_MR3B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR3.

24

Name_MR4B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR4.

25

Name_MR5B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR5.

26

Name_MR6B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR6.

27

Name_MR7B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR7.

28

Name_MR8B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR8.

29

Name_MR9B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR9.

30

Name_MR10B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR10.

31

Name_MR11B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR11.

32

Name_MR12B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR12.

33

Name_MR13B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR13.

34

Name_MR14B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR14.

35

Name_MR15B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR15.

36

Name_MR16B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B signal of MR16.

37

Name_MR17B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR17.

38

Name_MR18B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR18.

39

Name_MR19B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR19.

40

Name_MR20B

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase B input signal of MR20.

41

Name_MR1C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR1.

42

Name_MR2C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR2.

43

Name_MR3C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR3.

44

Name_MR4C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR4.

45

Name_MR5C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR5.

46

Name_MR6C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR6.

47

Name_MR7C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR7.

48

Name_MR8C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR8.

49

Name_MR9C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR9.

50

Name_MR10C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR10.

51

Name_MR11C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR11.


PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

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7 Settings
No.

Range

Symbol

Description

52

Name_MR12C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR12.

53

Name_MR13C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR13.

54

Name_MR14C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR14.

55

Name_MR15C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR15.

56

Name_MR16C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR16.

57

Name_MR17C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR17.

58

Name_MR18C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR18.

59

Name_MR19C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR19.

60

Name_MR20C

Maximum 16 characters

Name of phase C input signal of MR20.

61

Name_Op_DlyMR1

Maximum 16 characters

Name of operation message of MR1 with time delay

62

Name_Op_DlyMR2

Maximum 16 characters

Name of operation message of MR2 with time delay

63

Name_Op_DlyMR3

Maximum 16 characters

Name of operation message of MR3 with time delay

64

Name_Op_DlyMR4

Maximum 16 characters

Name of operation message of MR4 with time delay

For example, Once OilTemp_A is defined for [Name_MR6A], when phase A of MR6 mechancial
protection operates with time delay, then binary input change report [BI_PhA_OilTemp] will be sent
to SAS or RTU. If the corresponding report is printed, then [BI_PhA_OilTemp] in report will replace
[BI_PhA_MR06].

Setting Path

Main Menu -> Settings -> Device Setup->Label Settings

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

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7 Settings

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

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Date: 2013-05-17

8 Human Machine Interface

8 Human Machine Interface


Table of Contents
8.1 Overview........................................................................................................... 8-1
8.1.1 Keypad Operation ...............................................................................................................8-3
8.1.2 LED Indications ..................................................................................................................8-4
8.1.3 Front Communication Port ..................................................................................................8-4
8.1.4 Ethernet Pot Setup .............................................................................................................8-5

8.2 Understand the HMI Menu Tree ...................................................................... 8-6


8.2.1 Overview.............................................................................................................................8-6
8.2.2 Measurement ......................................................................................................................8-9
8.2.3 Status................................................................................................................................8-10
8.2.4 Records ............................................................................................................................ 8-11
8.2.5 Settings............................................................................................................................. 8-11
8.2.6 Print ..................................................................................................................................8-12
8.2.7 Local Cmd ........................................................................................................................8-14
8.2.8 Information........................................................................................................................8-14
8.2.9 Test ...................................................................................................................................8-14
8.2.10 Clock...............................................................................................................................8-15
8.2.11 Language ........................................................................................................................8-15

8.3 Understand the LCD Display ........................................................................ 8-15


8.3.1 Overview...........................................................................................................................8-15
8.3.2 Display during Normal Operation ......................................................................................8-15
8.3.3 Display When Tripping ......................................................................................................8-16
8.3.4 Display under Abnormal Condition ...................................................................................8-19
8.3.5 Display When Binary State Changes ................................................................................8-20
8.3.6 Display Device Logs .........................................................................................................8-22

8.4 Keypad Operation .......................................................................................... 8-23

PCS-974 Transformer Auxiliary Relay

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8 Human Machine Interface

8.4.1 View Device Analog ..........................................................................................................8-23


8.4.2 View Device Status ...........................................................................................................8-23
8.4.3 View Device Records........................................................................................................8-23
8.4.4 Print Device Records ........................................................................................................8-24
8.4.5 View Device Setting ..........................................................................................................8-25
8.4.6 Modify Device Setting .......................................................................................................8-25
8.4.7 Copy Device Setting .........................................................................................................8-28
8.4.8 Switch Setting Group ........................................................................................................8-29
8.4.9 Delete Records .................................................................................................................8-30
8.4.10 Modify Device Clock .......................................................................................................8-31
8.4.11 Check Software Version ..................................................................................................8-32
8.4.12 View Module Information ................................................................................................8-32
8.4.13 Communication Test .......................................................................................................8-33
8.4.14 Select Language .............................................................................................................8-34

List of Figures
Figure 8.1-1 Front panel of PCS-974FG ...................................................................................8-2
Figure 8.1-2 Keypad mounted on the front panel ...................................................................8-3
Figure 8.1-3 the figure shows the LED indications .................................................................8-4
Figure 8.1-4 Corresponding cable of the RJ45 port in the front panel..................................8-5
Figure 8.1-5 Rear view and terminal definition of NR1102C ..................................................8-6
Figure 8.2-1 Tree diagram of total command menu ................................................................8-9
Figure 8.3-1 LCD display of single line diagram ...................................................................8-16
Figure 8.3-2 LCD display 1 of trip report ...............................................................................8-17
Figure 8.3-3 LCD display 2 of trip report and alarm report ..................................................8-19
Figure 8.3-4 LCD display of alarm report...............................................................................8-19
Figure 8.3-5 Display of binary change report ........................................................................8-20
Figure 8.3-6 Display of device logs ........................................................................................8-22
Figure 8.4-1 Display of inputting password ..........................................................................8-26
Figure 8.4-2 Display 1 of modifying settings.........................................................................8-27
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Figure 8.4-3 Display 2 of modifying settings.........................................................................8-28


Figure 8.4-4 Display of copy settings ....................................................................................8-29
Figure 8.4-5 Display of switching setting group ...................................................................8-30
Figure 8.4-6 Display of deleting report ..................................................................................8-31
Figure 8.4-7 Display of modifying clock ................................................................................8-32
Figure 8.4-8 Display of communication test..........................................................................8-33
Figure 8.4-9 Display of selecting language ...........................................................................8-34

List of Tables
Table 8.1-1 Definition of the 8-core cable ................................................................................8-5
Table 8.2-1 Measurements of device .....................................................................................8-10
Table 8.3-1 Tripping report messages ...................................................................................8-17
Table 8.3-2 Contact inputs list ................................................................................................8-20
Table 8.3-3 Mechanical signal inputs list...............................................................................8-21
Table 8.3-4 Device logs list .....................................................................................................8-23

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8 Human Machine Interface

The operator can access the protective device from the front panel. Local communication with the
protective device is possible using a computer via a multiplex RJ45 port on the front panel.
Furthermore, remote communication is also possible using a PC with the substation automation
system via rear RS485 port or rear Ethernet port. The operator is able to check the protective
device status at any time.
This chapter describes human machine interface (HMI), and give operator an instruction about
how to display or print event report, setting and so on through HMI menu tree and display metering
value, including RMS current, voltage and frequency etc. through LCD. Procedures to change
active setting group or a settable parameter value through keypad are also described in details.

NOTE

About two measurement items in menu Measurements, please refer to the following
description:
Measurement1 is used to display measured values for protection calculation.
Measurement2 is used to display measured values for fault detector calculation.

8.1 Overview
The human-machine interface consists of a human-machine interface (HMI) module which allows
a communication to be as simple as possible for the user. The HMI module helps to draw your
attention to something that has occurred which may activate a LED or a report displayed on the
LCD. Operator can locate the data of interest by navigating the keypad.

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5
1

11

PCS-974

HEALTHY
2

12

TRANSFORMER AUXILIARY RELAY

ALARM
3

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

10

20

C GRP
ES

TRIP
4

ENT

1
3
4

Figure 8.1-1 Front panel of PCS-974FG

The function of HMI module:


No.

Item

Description
A 320240 dot matrix backlight LCD display is visible in dim lighting

LCD

conditions. The corresponding messages are displayed when there is


operation implemented.
20 status indication LEDs, first three LEDs are fixed as the signals of

LED

Keypad

Navigation keypad and command keys for full access to device

Communication port

a multiplex RJ45 port for local communication with a PC

Logo

Type and designation and manufacturer of device

HEALTHY , ALARM and TRIP, others are configurable.

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GR
P
ESC

8.1.1 Keypad Operation

ENT

+
-

Figure 8.1-2 Keypad mounted on the front panel

1.

2.

3.

ESC:

Cancel the operation

Quit the current menu

ENT:

Execute the operation

Confirm the interface

GRP

4.

5.

6.

Activate the switching interface of setting group

leftward and rightward direction keys ( and ):

Move the cursor horizontally

Enter the next menu or return to the previous menu

upward and downward direction keys ( and )

Move the cursor vertically

Select command menu within the same level of menu

plus and minus sign keys ( and )

Modify the value

Modify and display the message number

Page up/down
NOTE!

Any setting change shall be confirmed by simply pressing +, , , -, ENT in


sequence.

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Any report deletion shall be executed by pressing +, -, +, -, ENT in sequence.

8.1.2 LED Indications


HEALTHY

ALARM
TRIP

Figure 8.1-3 the figure shows the LED indications

A brief explanation has been made as bellow.


LED

Display
Off

HEALTHY
Green
Off
ALARM
Yellow

Description
When the equipment is out of service or any hardware error is
detected during self-check.
Lit when the equipment is in service and ready for operation.
When equipment in normal operating condition.
Lit when VT circuit failure, CT circuit failure or other abnormal alarm
is issued.

Off

when the equipment is in normal operating condition

Red

Lit when any protection element trips.

TRIP

NOTE!

The LED HEALTHY can only be lit by supplying DC to equipment without alarms
blocking equipment.

The LED ALARM can be lit when there is some abnormality such as CT circuit
abnormality, pickup of breaker failure initiation, and when equipment returns to
normal operating state, the LED can go off automatically. Mechanical protection
which is not controlled by DSP module operates with only ALARM LED being lit.

The TRIP LED is turned on and latched once any protection element controlled by
DSP module of device operates and. The TRIP LED can be turned off by pressing
the signal RESET button on the front panel.

8.1.3 Front Communication Port


There is a multiplex RJ45 port on the front panel. This port can be used as an RS-232 serial port
as well as a twisted-pair Ethernet port. As shown in the following figure, a customized cable is
applied for debugging via this multiplex RJ45 port.
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Figure 8.1-4 Corresponding cable of the RJ45 port in the front panel

In the above figure and the following table:


P1: To connect the multiplex RJ45 port. An 8-core cable is applied here.
P2: To connect the twisted-pair Ethernet port of the computer.
P3: To connect the RS-232 serial port of the computer.
The definition of the 8-core cable in the above figure is introduced in the following table.
Table 8.1-1 Definition of the 8-core cable

Pin No.

Core color

Function

Device side

Computer side

(Left)

(Right)

Orange

TX+ of the Ethernet port

P1-1

P2-1

Orange & white

TX- of the Ethernet port

P1-2

P2-2

Green & white

RX+ of the Ethernet port

P1-3

P2-3

Blue

TXD of the RS-232 serial port

P1-4

P3-2

Brown & white

RXD of the RS-232 serial port

P1-5

P3-3

Green

RX- for the Ethernet port

P1-6

P2-6

Blue & white

The ground connection of the RS-232 port.

P1-7

P3-5

8.1.4 Ethernet Pot Setup


MON plug-in module is equipped with two or four 100Base-TX Ethernet interface, take NR1102C
as an example, as shown in Figure 8.1-5.
The Ethernet port can be used to communication with PC via auxiliary software (PCS-Explorer)
after connecting the protection device with PC, so as to fulfill on-line function (please refer to the
instruction manual of PCS-Explorer). At first, the connection between the protection device and PC
must be established. Through setting the IP address and subnet mask of corresponding Ethernet
interface in the menu SettingsDevice SetupCommunication Settings, it should be
ensured that the protection device and PC are in the same network segment. For example, setting
the IP address and subnet mask of network A. (using network A to connect with PC)
PC: IP address is set as 198.87.96.102, subnet mask is set as 255.255.255.0
The IP address and subnet mask of protection device should be [IP_LAN1]= 198.87.96.XXX,

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[Mask_LAN1]=255.255.255.0, [En_LAN1]=1. (XXX can be any value from 0 to 255 except 102)
If the logic setting [En_LAN1] is non-available, it means that network A is always enabled.

NR1102C

ETHERNET

Network A

Network B

SYN+
SYNSGND
RTS
TXD
SGND

Figure 8.1-5 Rear view and terminal definition of NR1102C

NOTE! If using other Ethernet port, for example, Ethernet B, the logic setting [En_LAN2]
must be set as 1.

8.2 Understand the HMI Menu Tree


8.2.1 Overview
Press of any running interface and enter the main menu. Select different submenu by and
. Enter the selected submenu by pressing ENT or . Press and return to the previous
menu. Press ESC and exit the main menu directly. For sake of executing the command menu
again, one command menu will be recorded in the quick menu after its first execution. Five latest
menu commands can be recorded in the quick menu. When the five menu commands are
recorded, the latest menu command will cover the earliest one, adopting the first in first out
principle. It is arranged from top to bottom and in accordance with the execution order of command
menus. Press to enter the main menu with the interface as shown in the following diagram:

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Quick Menu

Language
Reset Target
Device Settings
Mainmenu

For the first powered protective device, there is no recorded shortcut menu. Press to enter the
main menu with the interface as shown in the following diagram:

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Measurements
Status
Records
Settings
Print
Local Cmd
Information
Test
Clock
Language

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MAIN MENU

Measurements

Print

Measurements 1
Primary Values

Local Cmd

Device Info

Reset Target

Settings

Trig Oscillograph
Download

System Settings
Measurements 2

Prot Settings
Prot Settings

Primary Values

Information
Logic Links
Version Info

Status
Function Links
Inputs

Board Info

Device Setup

Contact Inputs

Device Settings
Communication Settings

Superv State

Label Settings
Prot Superv
FD Superv

Test
Device Test

All Settings

Protection Elements

Latest Chgd Settings

Superv Events
IO Events

Records
Disturb Records
Disturb Records

Internal Signal

Superv Events

Superv Events

IO Events

IO Events

Device Logs

Device Logs

Device Status

Clear Records

Clock

Waveforms
Rec Wave

Settings

Language

System Settings

IEC103 Info

Prot Settings

Cancle Print

Prot Settings

Logic Links
Function Links
Device Setup
Device Settings
Communication Settings
Label Settings
Copy Settings

Figure 8.2-1 Tree diagram of total command menu

Under the main interface, press to enter the main menu, and select submenu by pressing ,
and ENT. The command menu adopts a tree shaped content structure. The above diagram
provides the integral structure and all the submenus under menu tree of the protection device.
NOTE! The menu shown in above figure is not the specific-application menu. For each
project, the menu varies with the protection configuration.

8.2.2 Measurement
This menu is mainly used to display the real time sampling value of current, voltage and phase
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angle. This menu and Status menu can fully reflects of the running environment of the protection
device. As long as the displayed values consist with the actual running situation, basically, the
protection device can work normally. This menu is set to greatly facilitate the debugging and
maintenance of people on site.
The menu Measurements has following submenus.
No.

Item

Description

Measurement 1

Display sampled and calculated values for protection calculation.

Measurement 2

Display sampled and calculated values for fault detector calculation.

8.2.2.1 Measurements1
The menu Measurement1 has following submenus.
No.
1

Item
Primary Values

Description
Display measured values and phase angles for protection calculation.

8.2.2.2 Measurements2
The menu Measurements2 has following lower submenus.
No.
1

Item
Primary values

Description
Display measured values and phase angles for fault detector
calculation.

Measurement values are listed in the following table.


Table 8.2-1 Measurements of device
No.

Symbol

Definition

Unit

Ia

The phase A current.

Ib

The phase B current.

Ic

The phase C current.

3I0Cal

The calculated residual current.

I1

The positive-sequence current.

I2

The negative-sequence current.

Ang(Ia-Ib)

The angle between phase A and phase B currents.

Ang(Ib-Ic)

The angle between phase B and phase C currents.

Ang(Ic-Ia)

The angle between phase C and phase A currents.

8.2.3 Status
This menu is mainly used to display the state of binary inputs (including binary inputs via
opto-coupler and GOOSE binary inputs) and alarm signals in the protection device. This menu and
Measurements menu fully reflects the running environment of the protection device. As long as
the displayed values consist with the actual running situation, basically, the protection device can
work normally. This menu is set to greatly facilitate the debugging and maintenance of people on
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site.
The menu Status has following submenus.
No.

Item

Description

Inputs

Display all input signal states.

Outputs

Display all output signal states.

Superv State

Display supervision alarm states.

8.2.3.1 Inputs
The menu Inputs has following submenus.
No.
1

Item
Contact Inputs

Description
Display states of binary input derived from opto-isolated channels

8.2.3.2 Outputs
The menu Outputs has following submenus.
No.
1

Item
Contact Outputs

Description
Display states of binary output derived from opto-isolated channels

8.2.4 Records
This menu is used for displaying all kinds of records, so that the operator can load to view and use
as the reference of analyzing accidents and maintaining the device. All the records are stored in
non-volatile memory, and it can still record the reports even if it loses its power.
This menu includes the following command menus.
No.

Item

Function description

Disturb Records

Display trip records.

Superv Events

IO Events

Display binary events.

Device Logs

Display running and operation reports of protective device.

Clear Records

Clear all records.

Display self-check alarm and equipment operation abnormal alarm


reports.

8.2.5 Settings
This menu is used for checking the setting of device equipment parameter, protection setting, logic
setting and system parameter, as well as modifying any of the above setting items. Moreover, it
can also execute the setting copy between different setting groups.
This menu includes the following command menus.
No.

Item

Function description

System Settings

To display and modify the system settings.

Prot Settings

To display and modify the protection settings

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No.

Item

Function description

Logic Links

To display and modify the logic links.

Device Setup

To display and modify the settings related to device setup.

Copy Settings

To copy settings from one group to another group.

8.2.5.1 Prot Settings


The submenu Prot Settings includes the following command menus.
No.
1

Item
Prot Settings

Function description
To display and modify all protection settings of device.

8.2.5.2 Logic Links


The submenu Logic Links includes the following command menus.
No.
1

Item
Function Links

Function description
To display and modify the function logic links of protection element.

8.2.5.3 Device Setup


The menu Device Setup has following submenus.
No.

Item

Function description

Device Settings

To display and modify the device settings.

Communication Settings

To display and modify the communication settings.

Label Settings

To display and modify the label settings of protective device.

8.2.6 Print
This menu is used for printing device description, setting, all kinds of records, waveform and
information related with 103 Protocol.
This menu includes the following command menus and submenus.
No.
1

Item
Device Info

Function description
To print the description information of protective device including
software version.
To print settings, including communication parameter, protection

Settings

setting, logic links and device setup. It can print by different


classifications as well as printing all settings of the device. Besides, it
can also print out the latest modified setting item.

Disturb Records

To print trip reports.

Superv Events

To print status change of binary signal.

IO Events

To print self-check alarm and equipment operation abnormal alarm


reports.

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No.

Item

Device Logs

Device Status

Waveforms

Function description
To print running and operation reports of protective device.
To print present status of device, including

measurement, signal

status, settings, etc.


To print recorded waveforms.
To print 103 protocol information, including function type (FUN),

IEC103 Info

information serial number (INF), general classification service group


number and channel number (ACC).

8.2.6.1 Settings
The menu Settings has following submenus.
No.

Item

Function description

System Settings

To print the system settings.

Prot Settings

To print the protection settings

Logic Links

To print the logic links.

Device Setup

To print the settings related to device setup.

All Settings

To print all settings.

Latest Modified

To print latest modified settings.

(1) The submenu Prot Settings includes the following command menus.
No.
1

Item
Prot Settings

Function description
To print all protection settings of device.

(2) The submenu Logic Links includes the following command menus.
No.
1

Item
Function Links

Function description
To print the function logic links of protection element.

(3) The menu Device Setup has following submenus.


No.

Item

Function description

Device Settings

To print the equipment settings including GOOSE module settings.

Communication Settings

To print the communication settings.

Label Settings

To print label settings of protective device.

8.2.6.2 Waveforms
The submenu Waveforms has following submenus.
No.
1

Item
Rec Wave

Description
To print current waveforms.

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8.2.7 Local Cmd


This menu is used for resetting the tripping relay with latch, protection device signal lamp, LCD
display, as the same as the resetting function of binary input. Record the currently acquired
waveform data of the protection device under normal condition for printing and uploading SAS.
Besides, it can send out the request of program download.
This menu includes the following command menus.
No.

Item

Function description

Reset Target

Reset the local signal, the signal indicator lamp and the LCD display.

Trig Oscillograph

Trigger waveform recording.

Download

Send out the download request.

8.2.8 Information
In this menu the LCD displays software information of DSP module, MON module and HMI module,
which consists of version, creating time of software, CRC codes and management sequence
number. Besides, hardware board information can also be viewed.
This menu includes the following command menus.
No.

Item

Function description

Version Info

Display software version information of the equipment.

Board Info

Monitor the current working state of each board of the equipment

8.2.9 Test
This menu is mainly used for developers to debug the program and for engineers to maintain
device. It can be used to check module information and item fault message, and fulfill the
communication test function. Its also used to generate all kinds of report or event to transmit to the
SAS without any external input, so as to debug the communication on site.
This menu includes the following command menus.
No.

Item

Function description

Device Test

Execute device tests.

Internal Signal

Display internal signals of device.

The submenu Device Test has following submenus. Users can respectively execute the test
automatically or manually by selecting commands All Test or Select Test.
No.

Item

Function description

Protection Elements

Generate messages of protection element to transmit to SCADA.

Superv Events

Generate alarm messages to transmit to SCADA.

IO Events

Generate binary events to transmit to SCADA.

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8.2.10 Clock
The current time of internal clock can be viewed here. The time is displayed in the form
YY-MM-DD and hh:mm:ss. All values are presented with digits and can be modified.

8.2.11 Language
This menu is mainly used to set LCD display language.

8.3 Understand the LCD Display


8.3.1 Overview
There are five kinds of LCD display, SLD (single line diagram) display, tripping reports, alarm
reports, binary input changing reports and control reports. Tripping reports and alarm reports will
not disappear until these reports are acknowledged by pressing the RESET button in the
protection panel (i.e. energizing the binary input [BI_RstTarg]). User can press both ENT and
ESC at the same time to switch the display among trip reports, alarm reports and the SLD display.
Binary change reports will be displayed for 5s and then itll return to the previous display interface
automatically. Control reports will not pop up and can only be viewed by navigating the
corresponding menu.

8.3.2 Display during Normal Operation


After the protection device is powered and turns into the initiating interface, it takes 30 seconds to
complete the initialization of protection device. During the initialization of protection device, the
HEALTHY indicator of the protection device goes out.
Under normal condition, the LCD will display the following interface. The LCD adopts white color
as its backlight that is activated if once there is any keyboard operation, and is extinguished
automatically after 60 seconds of no operation.
When the equipment is powered on, based on actual connection of the transformer, the LCD will
display single line diagram on its connection diagrams. If the transformer has three windings and 2
branches on LV side, the LCD will display by configuring the logic settings.

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Data and time of


equipment clock
Communication
address

Addr:102

2011-07-09 10:27:24

Group 01

Active group number

MR Input Signal A
MR_A1

Mechanical
signal state

Current values

MR_A11

MR_A2

: 0
: 0

MR_A12

: 0
: 0

MR_A3

: 0

MR_A13

: 0

MR_A4

: 0

MR_A14

: 0

MR_A5

: 0

MR_A15

: 0

MR_A6

: 0

MR_A16

: 0

MR_A7

: 0
: 0

MR_A17

MR_A8

MR_A18

: 0
: 0

MR_A9

: 0

MR_A19

: 0

MR_A10

: 0

MR_A20

: 0

Ia: 1.000A

Ib: 1.000A

Ic: 1.000A

Figure 8.3-1 LCD display of single line diagram

The displayed content of the interface contains: the current date and time of the protection device
(with a format of yy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss:), the currently valid setting group number, the three-phase
current and voltage sampled values of each side, differential current, residual differential current,
frequency etc.

8.3.3 Display When Tripping


This protection device can store 64 fault reports and 64 fault waveforms. When there is protection
element operating, the LCD will automatically display the latest fault report, and two kinds of LCD
display will be available depending on whether there is self-check report at present.
If the device has no self-check report, the display interface will only show the fault report.

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. Distub Records NO.2


2011-11-28 07:10:00:200
00000ms
TrigDFR
24000 ms

62PD.Op_t1

Figure 8.3-2 LCD display 1 of trip report

Disturb Records NO.2

shows the title and SOE number of the report.

2011-11-28 07:10:00:200 shows the time when fault detector picks up, the format is
yearmonth-date and hour:minute:second:millisecond.
0000ms TrigDFR

shows fault detector of protection element and operation time of fault


detector is fixed as 0ms.

2400ms 62PD.Op_t1

shows the relative operation time and operation element of protection


element

Operation report messages are all liseted showed in the following table.
Table 8.3-1 Tripping report messages
No.

Message

Description

ManTrigDFR

Oscillography function is triggered manually.

RmtTrigDFR

Oscillography function is triggered remotely.

TrigDFR

Fault detector operates to trigger oscillography.

ProtBrd.AlmTrigDFR

ProtBrd.FailTrigDFR

62PD.Op_t1

Delay 1 of pole disagreement protection operates

62PD.Op_t2

Delay 2 of pole disagreement protection operates

Oscillography function is triggered by alarm signals on


protection board.
Oscillography function is triggered by failure signals on
protection board.

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No.

Message

Description
Delay 1 of pole disagreement protection picks up to trigger

62PD.TrigDFR_t1

62PD.TrigDFR_t2

10

50BF.Op_t1

Delay 1 of breaker failure initation operates.

11

50BF.Op_t2

Delay 2 of breaker failure initiation operates.

12

Op_DlyMR1

MR1 mechanical protection operates with time delay.

13

Op_DlyMR2

MR2 mechanical protection operates with time delay.

14

Op_DlyMR3

MR3 mechanical protection operates with time delay.

15

Op_DlyMR4

MR4 mechanical protection operates with time delay.

16

TrpOut_62PD_t1

17

TrpOut_62PD_t2

18

TrpOut_50BF_t1

Tripping output of delay 1 of breaker failure initiation operation.

19

TrpOut_50BF_t1

Tripping output of delay 2 of breaker failure initiation operation.

20

Trpout_DlyMR1

Tripping output os MR1 mechanical protection operation.

21

Trpout_DlyMR2

Tripping output os MR2 mechanical protection operation.

22

Trpout_DlyMR3

Tripping output os MR3 mechanical protection operation.

23

Trpout_DlyMR4

Tripping output os MR4 mechanical protection operation.

trigger FDR function.


Delay 2 of pole disagreement protection picks up to trigger
trigger FDR function.

Tripping output of delay 1 of pole disagreement protection


operation.
Tripping output of delay 2 of pole disagreement protection
operation.

For the situation that the fault report and the self-check alarm report occur simultaneously in the
following figure, the upper half part is fault report, and the lower half part is self-check report. As to
the upper half part, it displays separately the record number of fault report, fault name, generating
time of fault report (with a format of yy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss:), protection element and tripping element.
If there is protection element, there is relative time on the basis of fault detector element and fault
phase. At the same time, if the total lines of protection element and tripping element are more than
3, a scroll bar will appear at the right. The height of the black part of the scroll bar basically
indicates the total lines of protection element and tripping element, and its position suggests the
position of the currently displayed line in the total lines. The scroll bar of protection element and
tripping element will roll up at the speed of one line per time. When it rolls to the last three lines, itll
roll from the earliest protection element and tripping element again. The displayed content of the
lower half part is similar to that of the upper half part.

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NO.010

2011-11-28 10:10:00

Trip

00000ms

TrigDFR

24000 ms

62PD.Op_t1

Alarm Infor
Alm_OptoDC

Figure 8.3-3 LCD display 2 of trip report and alarm report

8.3.4 Display under Abnormal Condition


This protection device can store 1024 self-check reports. During the running of protection device,
the self-check report of hardware errors or system running abnormity will be displayed
immediately.

Superv Events NO.4


2008-12-29 9:18:47:500ms
0

Alm_OptoDC

Figure 8.3-4 LCD display of alarm report

Superv Events NO.4

shows the SOE number and title of the report

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2011-11-28 09:18:47:500

Alm_OptoDC

0->1

shows the data and time of the report occurred: yearmonth-date


and hour:minute:second:millisecond
shows the content of abnormality alarm

All the alarm elements have been listed in Chapter Supervision.

8.3.5 Display When Binary State Changes


When a binary input is energized or de-energized, output contacts operate, the corresponding IO
event report will be automatically displayed on LCD as follows. This protective equipment can
store 1024 events of binary signals. During the running of the equipment, the binary signals will be
displayed once the input signal state changes.

IO_Events NO.4
2008-11-29 09:18:47:500ms
BI_RstTarg

Figure 8.3-5 Display of binary change report

No.004 Binary Events

shows the number and title of the report

2008-11-28 09:18:47:500

shows the date and time of the report occurred, the format is
yearmonth-date and hour:minute:second:millisecond

BI_RstTarg 0->1

shows the state change of binary input, including binary input


name, original state and final state

Contact inputs and contact outputs are listed in the following two tables, and user can define
undefined binary inputs as the specific binary inputs via PCS-Explorer software.
Table 8.3-2 Contact inputs list
No.

Binary input

Description

BI_TimeSyn

Binary input of time synchronization pulse

BI_Print

Binary input of triggering printing


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No.

Binary input

Description

BI_Maintenance

Binary input of indicating the protection device is under maintenance state

BI_RstTarg

Binary input of resetting signal of protective equipment

BI_En62PD

Binary input of enabling pole disagreement protection

BI_En50BF

Binary input of enabling breaker failure initiation

BI_EnDlyMR

Binary input of enabling MR protection with time delay

BI_EnRmtCtrl

Binary input of enabling remote control function

BI_09

Configurable binary input 09, not used

10

BI_10

Configurable binary input 10, not used

11

BI_11

Configurable binary input 11, not used

12

BI_12

Configurable binary input 12, not used

13

BI_13

Configurable binary input 13, not used

14

BI_14

Configurable binary input 14, not used

15

BI_15

Configurable binary input 15, not used

16

BI_16

Configurable binary input 16, not used

17

BI_17

Configurable binary input 17, not used

18

BI_18

Configurable binary input 18, not used

19

BI_16

Configurable binary input 19, not used

20

BI_20

Configurable binary input 20, not used

21

BI_21

Configurable binary input 20, not used

22

BI_ExTCtrlPD2

Binary input of tripping signal for controlling delay 2 of pole disagreement

23

BI_ExTCtrlBFI

Binary input of tripping signal for controlling breaker failure initiation

24

BI_52a

Binary input of auxiliary NO contact of circuit breaker

25

BI_PD

Binary input of pole disagreement of circuit breaker


Table 8.3-3 Mechanical signal inputs list

No.

Binary input

Description

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR01

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR1 mechanical relay.

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR02

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR2 mechanical relay.

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR03

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR3 mechanical relay.

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR04

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR4 mechanical relay.

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR05

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR5 mechanical relay.

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR06

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR6 mechanical relay.

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR07

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR7 mechanical relay.

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR08

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR8 mechanical relay.

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR09

Phase A (B,C)input signal of MR9 mechanical relay.

10

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR10

Phase A (B,C)input signal of MR10 mechanical relay.

11

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR11

Phase A (B,C)input signal of MR11 mechanical relay.

12

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR12

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR12 mechanical relay.

13

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR13

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR13 mechanical relay.

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No.

Binary input

Description

14

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR14

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR14 mechanical relay.

15

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR15

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR15 mechanical relay.

16

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR16

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR16 mechanical relay.

17

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR17

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR17 mechanical relay.

18

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR18

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR18 mechanical relay.

19

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR19

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR19 mechanical relay.

20

BI_PhA(B,C)_MR20

Phase A (B,C) input signal of MR20 mechanical relay.

NOTE!

Names of above mechanical input signals can be defined by users via setting

[Name_MRxx] in the menu Settings->Device Settings->Label Settings.

8.3.6 Display Device Logs


This protection device can store 1024 pieces of equipment logs. During the running of the
protection device, equipment logs will be displayed after user operations.

Device Logs NO.4


2011-11-28 10:18:47:569ms
Device_Reboot

Figure 8.3-6 Display of device logs

Device Logs NO. 4


2011-11-28 10:18:47:569

Device_Reboot

shows the title and the number of the report


shows the date and time when the report occurred, the format is
yearmonth-date and hour:minute:second:millisecond
shows the state content of the user operation report.

User operating information listed below may be displayed.

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Table 8.3-4 Device logs list
No.

Message

Description

Device_Reboot

The protective equipment has been rebooted.

Settings_Chgd

The settings of protective equipment have been changed.

ActiveGrp_Chgd

Active setting group has been changed.

Report_Cleared

All reports have been deleted. (Device log events can not be deleted.)

Waveform_Cleared

All waveforms have been deleted.

SubProcess_Exit

A subprocess has exited.

8.4 Keypad Operation


8.4.1 View Device Analog
The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the key to enter the main menu.

2.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the Measurements menu, and then
press the ENT or to enter the menu.

3.

Press the key or to move the cursor to any command menu item, and then press
the key ENT to enter the submenu.

4.

Press the or to page up/down (if all information cannot be displayed in one
display screen, one screen can display 14 lines of information at most).

5.

Press the key or to select pervious or next command menu.

6.

Press the key ENT or ESC to exit this menu (returning to the Measurements menu).

8.4.2 View Device Status


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the key to enter the main menu.

2.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the Status menu, and then press the
ENT or to enter the menu.

3.

Press the key or to move the cursor to any command menu item, and then press
the key ENT to enter the submenu.

4.

Press the or to page up/down (if all information cannot be displayed in one
display screen, one screen can display 14 lines of information at most).

5.

Press the key or to select pervious or next command menu.

6.

Press the key ENT or ESC to exit this menu (returning to the Status menu).

8.4.3 View Device Records


The operation is as follows:

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1.

Press the key to enter the main menu.

2.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the Records menu, and then press the
key ENT or to enter the menu.

3.

Press the key or to move the cursor to any command menu, and then press the
key ENT to enter the submenu.

4.

Press the key or to page up/down.

5.

Press the key or to select pervious or next record.

6.

Press the key or to select pervious or next command menu.

7.

Press the key ENT or ESC to exit this menu (returning to the Records menu).

8.4.4 Print Device Records


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the key to enter the main menu.

2.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the Print menu, and then press the
ENT or to enter the menu.

3.

Press the key or to move the cursor to any command menu, and then press the
ENT to enter the menu.

Selecting the Disturb Records, and then


Press the or to select pervious or next record. After pressing the key ENT,
the LCD will display Start Printing... , and then automatically exit this menu
(returning to the menu Print). If the printer doesnt complete its current print task
and re-start it for printing, and the LCD will display Printer Busy. Press the key
ESC to exit this menu (returning to the menu Print).

Selecting the command menu Superv Events or IO Events, and then press the
key or to move the cursor. Press the or to select the starting and
ending numbers of printing message. After pressing the key ENT, the LCD will
display Start Printing, and then automatically exit this menu (returning to the
menu Print). Press the key ESC to exit this menu (returning to the menu Print).

4.

If selecting the command menu Device Info, Status or IEC103 Info, press the key
ENT, the LCD will display Start printing.., and then automatically exit this menu
(returning to the menu Print).

5.

If selecting the Settings, Logic Links, press the key ENT or to enter the next
level of menu.

6.

After entering the submenu Settings, press the key or to move the cursor, and
then press the key ENT to print the corresponding default value. If selecting any item to
printing:

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Press the key or to select the setting group to be printed. After pressing the key
ENT, the LCD will display Start Printing, and then automatically exit this menu
(returning to the menu Settings). Press the key ESC to exit this menu (returning to the
menu Settings).
7.

After entering the submenu Waveforms, press the or to select the waveform
item to be printed and press ENT to enter. If there is no any waveform data, the LCD will
display No Waveform Data! (Before executing the command menu HVS Wave, it is
necessary to execute the command menu Trig Oscillograph in the menu Local Cmd,
otherwise the LCD will display No Waveform Data!). With waveform data existing:
Press the key or to select pervious or next record. After pressing the key ENT,
the LCD will display Start Printing, and then automatically exit this menu (returning to
the menu Waveforms). If the printer does not complete its current print task and
re-start it for printing, and the LCD will display Printer Busy. Press the key ESC to
exit this menu (returning to the menu Waveforms).

8.4.5 View Device Setting


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the key to enter the main menu.

2.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the Settings menu, and then press the
key ENT or to enter the menu.

3.

Press the key or to move the cursor to any command menu, and then press the
key ENT to enter the menu.

4.

Press the key or to move the cursor.

5.

Press the key + or - to page up/down.

6.

Press the key or to select pervious or next command menu.

7.

Press the key ESC to exit this menu (returning to the menu Settings).
NOTE! If the displayed information exceeds 14 lines, the scroll bar will appear on the right
side of the LCD to indicate the quantity of all displayed information of the command menu
and the relative location of information where the current cursor points at.

8.4.6 Modify Device Setting


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the key to enter the main menu.

2.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the Settings menu, and then press
the key ENT or to enter the menu.

3.

Press the key or to move the cursor to any command menu, and then press
the key ENT to enter the menu.

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4.

Press the key or to move the cursor.

5.

Press the key + or - to page up/down.

6.

Press the key or to select pervious or next command menu.

7.

Press the key ESC to exit this menu (returning to the menu Settings ).

8.

If selecting the command menu Device Settings or Communication Settings,


move the cursor to the setting item to be modified, and then press the key ENT.
Press the key or to modify the value (if the modified value is of multi-bit, press
the key or to move the cursor to the digit bit, and then press the or to
modify the value), press the key ESC to cancel the modification and return to the
displayed interface of the command menu Device Settings. Press the key ENT to
automatically exit this menu (returning to the displayed interface of the command menu
Device Settings).
Move the cursor to continue modifying other setting items. After all setting values are
modified, press the key , or ESC, and the LCD will display Save or Not?.
Directly press the ESC or press the key or to move the cursor. Select the
Cancel, and then press the key ENT to automatically exit this menu (returning to the
displayed interface of the command menu Device Settings).
Press the key or to move the cursor. Select No and press the key ENT, all
modified setting item will restore to its original value, exit this menu (returning to the
menu Settings).
Press the key or to move the cursor to select Yes, and then press the key
ENT, the LCD will display password input interface.

Please Input Password:

Figure 8.4-1 Display of inputting password

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Input a 4-bit password (, , or ). If the password is incorrect, continue


inputting it, and then press the ESC to exit the password input interface and return to
the displayed interface of the command menu Device Settings. If the password is
correct, LCD will display Save Settings, and then exit this menu (returning to the
displayed interface of the command menu Device Settings), with all modified setting
items as modified values.
NOTE! For different setting items, their displayed interfaces are different but their
modification methods are the same.
NOTE! After modifying the parameter settings of equipment i.e. settings in menu Device
Settings or Communication Settings, the HEALTHY indicator of the protection
device will go out, and the protection device will automatically restart and re-check the
protection setting. If the check doesnt pass, the protection device will be blocked.
9.

If selecting the command menu of protection element or tripping matrix such as Prot
Settings, the LCD will display the following interface:

1. 62PD.3I0_Set
Group NO select
Current Group NO:

01

Group NO To be edited

02

Figure 8.4-2 Display 1 of modifying settings

Then move the cursor to the modified value and press ENT to enter. If the setting
[87.I_Biased] is selected to modify, then press the ENT to enter and the LCD will display
the following interface. is shown the or to modify the value and then press the
ENT to enter.

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62PD.3I0_Set
Current Value

8.000

Modified Value

8.000

Min Value

0.040

Max Value

150

Figure 8.4-3 Display 2 of modifying settings

10. If selecting the other menus, move the cursor to the setting to be modified, and then
press the ENT.

8.4.7 Copy Device Setting


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the key to enter the main menu;

2.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the Settings menu, and then press the
key ENT or to enter the menu;

3.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the command menu Copy Settings,
and then press the key ENT to enter the menu. The following display will be shown on
LCD.

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8 Human Machine Interface

Copy Settings

Active Group:

01

Copy To Group:

02

Figure 8.4-4 Display of copy settings

Press the key or to modify the value. Press the key ESC, and return to the
menu Settings. Press the ENT, the LCD will display the interface for password input,
if the password is incorrect, continue inputting it, press the key ESC to exit the
password input interface and return to the menu Settings. If the password is correct,
the LCD will display Copy Settings Success!, and exit this menu (returning to the menu
Settings).

8.4.8 Switch Setting Group


The operation is as follows:
1.

Exit the main menu.

2.

Press the GRP.

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Change Active Group

Active Group:

01

Change To Group:

02

Figure 8.4-5 Display of switching setting group

Press the or to modify the value, and then press the key ESC to exit this menu
(returning to the main menu). After pressing the key ENT, the LCD will display the password
input interface. If the password is incorrect, continue inputting it, and then press the key ESC to
exit the password input interface and return to its original state. If the password is correct, the
HEALTHY indicator of the protection device will go out, and the protection device will re-check
the protection setting. If the check doesnt pass, the protection device will be blocked. If the check
is successful, the LCD will return to its original state.

8.4.9 Delete Records


The operation is as follows:
1.

Exit the main menu.

2.

Press the , , , and key ENT; Press the key ESC to exit this menu
(returning to the original state). Press the key ENT to carry out the deletion.

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8 Human Machine Interface

Press <ENT> To Clear


Press <ESC> To Exit

Figure 8.4-6 Display of deleting report

NOTE! The operation of deleting device records will delete all messages saved by the
protection device, including disturbance records, supervision events and binary events,
but the user operation reports (i.e. equipment logs) can not be deleted. Furthermore, all
deleted records are irrecoverable after deletion, so the function shall be used with great
cautious.

8.4.10 Modify Device Clock


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the key to enter the main menu.

2.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the Clock menu, and then press the key
ENT to enter clock display.

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Clock
Year

2008

Month

11

Day

28

Hour

20

Minute

59

Second

14

Figure 8.4-7 Display of modifying clock

3.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the date or time to be modified.

4.

Press the key or , to modify value, and then press the key ENT to save the
modification and return to the main menu.

5.

Press the key ESC to cancel the modification and return to the main menu.

8.4.11 Check Software Version


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the key to enter the main menu.

2.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the Information menu, and then press
the ENT to enter the menu.

3.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the command menu Version Info, and
then press the key ENT to display the software version.

4.

Press the key ESC to return to the main menu.

8.4.12 View Module Information


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the key to enter the main menu.

2.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the Information menu, and then press
the key ENT or to enter the menu.

3.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the command menu Board Info, and
then press the ENT to enter the menu.

4.

Press the key or to move the scroll bar.


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5.

Press the key ENT or ESC to exit this menu (returning to the Information menu).

8.4.13 Communication Test


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the key to enter the main menu.

2.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the Test menu, and then press the key
ENT or to enter the menu.

3.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the command menu Comm Test, and
then press the key ENT to enter the menu, to select test item. If Prot Elements
Superv Events or IO Events is selected, the LCD will display Entering
Communication Test.

Operation Eelment
All Test
Select Test

Figure 8.4-8 Display of communication test

4.

Press the key or to move the cursor to select the corresponding command menu
All Test or Select Test. If selecting the All Test, press the ENT, and the device will
successively carry out all operation element message test one by one.

5.

If selecting the Select Test, users will go to an interface, then select the or to
page up/down to select each operation element and press the key ENT to execute the
test.
NOTE! If no input operation is carried out within 60s, exit the communication transmission
and return to the Test menu, at this moment, the LCD will display Communication Test
Timeout and Exiting....

6.

Press the key ESC to exit this menu (returning to the menu Test, at this moment, the
LCD will display Communication Test Exiting.

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8.4.14 Select Language


The operation is as follows:
1.

Press the key to enter the main menu.

2.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the command menu Language, and
then press the key ENT to enter the menu and the following display will be shown on
LCD.

Please Select Language:


1

English

Figure 8.4-9 Display of selecting language

3.

Press the key or to move the cursor to the language user preferred and press
the key ENT to execute language switching. After language switching is finished, LCD
will return to the menu Language, and the display language is changed. Otherwise,
press the key ESC to cancel language switching and return to the menu Language.
NOTE! The LCD interface provided in this chapter is only a reference and available for
explaining specific definition of LCD. The displayed interface of the actual protection
device may be some different from it, so you shall be subject to the actual protection
device.

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9 Communication
Table of Contents
9.1 General Description......................................................................................... 9-1
9.2 Rear Communication Port Information .......................................................... 9-1
9.2.1 RS-485 Interface ................................................................................................................9-1
9.2.2 Ethernet Interface ...............................................................................................................9-3
9.2.3 IEC60870-5-103 Communication .......................................................................................9-4

9.3 IEC60870-5-103 Interface over Serial Port ..................................................... 9-4


9.3.1 Physical Connection and Link Layer ...................................................................................9-5
9.3.2 Initialization .........................................................................................................................9-5
9.3.3 Time Synchronization .........................................................................................................9-5
9.3.4 Spontaneous Events ...........................................................................................................9-5
9.3.5 General Interrogation ..........................................................................................................9-6
9.3.6 General Functions ..............................................................................................................9-6
9.3.7 Disturbance Records ..........................................................................................................9-7

9.4 IEC60870-5-103 Interface over Ethernet ........................................................ 9-7


9.5 Messages Description for IEC61850 Protocol ............................................... 9-7
9.5.1 Overview.............................................................................................................................9-7
9.5.2 Communication Profiles ......................................................................................................9-8
9.5.3 Server Data Organization ...................................................................................................9-9
9.5.4 Server Features and Configuration ................................................................................... 9-11
9.5.5 ACSI conformance ............................................................................................................9-12
9.5.6 Logical Nodes ...................................................................................................................9-17

9.6 DNP3.0 Interface ............................................................................................ 9-20


9.6.1 Overview...........................................................................................................................9-20
9.6.2 Link Layer Functions.........................................................................................................9-20
9.6.3 Transport Functions ..........................................................................................................9-20

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9 Communication

9.6.4 Application Layer Functions ..............................................................................................9-20

List of Figures
Figure 9.2-1 EIA RS-485 bus connection arrangements ........................................................9-2
Figure 9.2-2 Ethernet communication cable ...........................................................................9-3
Figure 9.2-3 Ethernet communication structure .....................................................................9-4

List of Tables
Table 9.3-1 Generic service group numbers ...........................................................................9-6
Table 9.3-2 Disturbance ACC numbers ...................................................................................9-7

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9 Communication

9.1 General Description


This section outlines the remote communications interfaces of NR equipment. The protective
device supports a choice of three protocols via the rear communication interface (RS-485 or
Ethernet), selected via the model number by setting. The protocol provided by the protective
device is indicated in the submenu in the Communication Settings column. Using the keypad
and LCD, set the parameter [Protocol_RS485A] and [Protocol_RS485B], the corresponding
protocol will be selected.
The rear EIA RS-485 interface is isolated and is suitable for permanent connection of whichever
protocol is selected. The advantage of this type of connection is that up to 32 protective devices
can be daisy chained together using a simple twisted pair electrical connection.
It should be noted that the descriptions contained within this section do not aim to fully detail the
protocol itself. The relevant documentation for the protocol should be referred to for this
information. This section serves to describe the specific implementation of the protocol in the relay.

9.2 Rear Communication Port Information


9.2.1 RS-485 Interface
This protective device provides two rear RS-485 communication ports, and each port has three
terminals in the 12-terminal screw connector located on the back of the relay and each port has a
ground terminal for the earth shield of the communication cable. Please refer to the section of
Communication Interface module for details of the connection terminals. The rear ports provide
RS-485 serial data communication and are intended for use with a permanently wired connection
to a remote control center.
9.2.1.1 EIA RS-485 Standardized Bus
The EIA RS-485 two-wire connection provides a half-duplex fully isolated serial connection to the
product. The connection is polarized and whilst the products connection diagrams indicate the
polarization of the connection terminals it should be borne in mind that there is no agreed
definition of which terminal is which. If the master is unable to communicate with the product, and
the communication parameters match, then it is possible that the two-wire connection is reversed.
9.2.1.2 Bus Termination
The EIA RS-485 bus must have 120 (Ohm) Watt terminating resistors fitted at either end
across the signal wires (refer to Figure 9.2-1). Some devices may be able to provide the bus
terminating resistors by different connection or configuration arrangements, in which case
separate external components will not be required. However, this product does not provide such a
facility, so if it is located at the bus terminus then an external termination resistor will be required.

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Master

EIA RS-485

9 Communication

120 Ohm

120 Ohm

Slave

Slave

Slave

Figure 9.2-1 EIA RS-485 bus connection arrangements

9.2.1.3 Bus Connections & Topologies


The EIA RS-485 standard requires that each device is directly connected to the physical cable that
is the communications bus. Stubs and tees are expressly forbidden, such as star topologies. Loop
bus topologies are not part of the EIA RS-485 standard and are forbidden by it also.
Two-core screened cable is recommended. The specification of the cable will be dependent on the
application, although a multi-strand 0.5mm2 per core is normally adequate. Total cable length
must not exceed 500m. The screen must be continuous and connected to ground at one end,
normally at the master connection point; it is important to avoid circulating currents, especially
when the cable runs between buildings, for both safety and noise reasons.
This product does not provide a signal ground connection. If a signal ground connection is present
in the bus cable then it must be ignored, although it must have continuity for the benefit of other
devices connected to the bus. At no stage must the signal ground be connected to the cables
screen or to the products chassis. This is for both safety and noise reasons.
9.2.1.4 Biasing
It may also be necessary to bias the signal wires to prevent jabber. Jabber occurs when the signal
level has an indeterminate state because the bus is not being actively driven. This can occur when
all the slaves are in receive mode and the master is slow to turn from receive mode to transmit
mode. This may be because the master purposefully waits in receive mode, or even in a high
impedance state, until it has something to transmit. Jabber causes the receiving device(s) to miss
the first bits of the first character in the packet, which results in the slave rejecting the message
and consequentially not responding. Symptoms of these are poor response times (due to retries),
increasing message error counters, erratic communications, and even a complete failure to
communicate.
Biasing requires that the signal lines be weakly pulled to a defined voltage level of about 1V. There
should only be one bias point on the bus, which is best situated at the master connection point.
The DC source used for the bias must be clean; otherwise noise will be injected. Note that some
devices may (optionally) be able to provide the bus bias, in which case external components will
not be required.

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9 Communication

NOTE!

It is extremely important that the 120 termination resistors are fitted. Failure to do so
will result in an excessive bias voltage that may damage the devices connected to the
bus.

As the field voltage is much higher than that required, NR cannot assume
responsibility for any damage that may occur to a device connected to the network as
a result of incorrect application of this voltage.

Ensure that the field voltage is not being used for other purposes (i.e. powering logic
inputs) as this may cause noise to be passed to the communication network.

9.2.2 Ethernet Interface


This protective device can provide four rear Ethernet interfaces (optional) and they are unattached
each other. Parameters of each Ethernet port can be configured in the submenu Communication
Settings.
9.2.2.1 Ethernet Standardized Communication Cable
It is recommended to use twisted screened eight-core cable as the communication cable. A picture
is shown bellow.

Figure 9.2-2 Ethernet communication cable

9.2.2.2 Connections and Topologies


Each device is connected with an exchanger via communication cable, and thereby it forms a star
structure network. Dual-network is recommended in order to increase reliability. SCADA is also
connected to the exchanger and will play a role of master station, so the every equipment which
has been connected to the exchanger will play a role of slave unit.

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9 Communication

SCADA

Ethernet Switch A

Ethernet Switch B

Equipment

Equipment

Equipment

Figure 9.2-3 Ethernet communication structure

9.2.3 IEC60870-5-103 Communication


The IEC specification IEC60870-5-103: Telecontrol Equipment and Systems, Part 5: Transmission
Protocols Section 103 defines the use of standards IEC60870-5-1 to IEC60870-5-5 to perform
communication with protective device. The standard configuration for the IEC60870-5-103
protocol is to use a twisted pair EIA RS-485 connection over distances up to 500m. It also supports
to use an Ethernet connection. The relay operates as a slave in the system, responding to
commands from a master station.
To use the rear port with IEC60870-5-103 communication, the relevant settings of the protective
device must be configured. To do this use the keypad and LCD user interface. In the submenu
Communication Settings, set the parameters [Protocol_RS485A], [Protocol_RS485B],
[Baud_RS485A] and [Baud_RS485B]. For using the Ethernet port with IEC60870-5-103
communication, the IP address and submask of each Ethernet port can be set in the same
submenu. Please refer to the corresponding section in Chapter Settings for further details.

9.3 IEC60870-5-103 Interface over Serial Port


The IEC60870-5-103 interface over serial port (RS-485) is a master/slave interface with the
protective device as the slave device. It is properly developed by NR.
The protective device conforms to compatibility level 2; compatibility level 3 is not supported.
The following IEC60870-5-103 facilities are supported by this interface:

Initialization (reset)

Time synchronization

Event record extraction

General interrogation

General functions
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9 Communication

Disturbance records

9.3.1 Physical Connection and Link Layer


Two EIA RS-485 standardized ports are available for IEC60870-5-103 in this protective device.
The transmission speed is optional: 4800 bit/s, 9600 bit/s, 19200 bit/s or 38400 bit/s.
The link layer strictly abides by the rules defined in the IEC60870-5-103.

9.3.2 Initialization
Whenever the protective device has been powered up, or if the communication parameters have
been changed, a reset command is required to initialize the communications. The protective
device will respond to either of the two reset commands (Reset CU or Reset FCB), the difference
is that the Reset CU will clear any unsent messages in the transmit buffer.
The protective device will respond to the reset command with an identification message ASDU 5,
the COT (Cause Of Transmission) of this response will be either Reset CU or Reset FCB
depending on the nature of the reset command.

9.3.3 Time Synchronization


The protective device time and date can be set using the time synchronization feature of the
IEC60870-5-103 protocol. The protective device will correct for the transmission delay as specified
in IEC60870-5-103. If the time synchronization message is sent as a send/confirm message then
the protective device will respond with a confirmation. Whether the time-synchronization message
is sent as a send confirmation or a broadcast (send/no reply) message, a time synchronization
class 1 event will be generated/produced.
If the protective device clock is synchronized using the IRIG-B input then it will not be possible to
set the protective device time using the IEC60870-5-103 interface. An attempt to set the time via
the interface will cause the protective device to create an event with the current date and time
taken from the IRIG-B synchronized internal clock.

9.3.4 Spontaneous Events


Events are categorized using the following information:

Type identification (TYP)

Function type (FUN)

Information number (INF)

Messages sent to substation automation system are grouped according to IEC60870-5-103


protocol. Operation elements are sent by ASDU2 (time-tagged message with relative time), and
status of binary Input and alarm element are sent by ASDU1 (time-tagged message). The cause of
transmission (COT) of these responses is 1.
1.

Operation elements sent by ASDU2

2.

Alarm element sent by ASDU1

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9 Communication

3.

Binary input sent by ASDU1

Please print the IEC103 information by the menu Print->IEC103 Info for each specific project.

9.3.5 General Interrogation


The GI can be used to read the status of the relay, the function numbers, and information numbers
that will be returned during the GI cycle. The GI cycle strictly abides by the rules defined in the
IEC60870-5-103.
Refer the IEC60870-5-103 standard can get the enough details about general interrogation.

9.3.6 General Functions


The generic functions can be used to read the setting and protection measurement of the relay,
and modify the setting. Two supported type identifications are ASDU 21 and ASDU 10. For more
details about generic functions, see the IEC60870-5-103 standard.
Table 9.3-1 Generic service group numbers

Group Number

Group Caption Description

001

Equip_Description

002

Trip_Element

003

Self-check_Alarm

004

Binary_Input

005

Metering

006

System Settings

007

Prot Settings

008

Function Links

009

Device Settings

010

Comm Settings

011

Label Settings

012

Setting_Group

013

Primary_Values1

014

Primary_Values2

015

Fault_Data

016

OutMap Bit Description

017

Disturbance_Info_List

018

Disturbance_Info_List

019

Disturbance_Info_List

NOTE! The above table is only an example and it will change with the differential

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9 Communication

protection configurations.

9.3.7 Disturbance Records


This protective device can store up to 64 disturbance records in its memory. A pickup of the fault
detector or an operation of the relay can make the protective device store the disturbance records.
The disturbance records are stored in uncompressed format and can be extracted by using the
standard mechanisms described in IEC60870-5-103.
Table 9.3-2 Disturbance ACC numbers
ACC No.

Content

ACC No.

Content

Ia

Ic

Ib

9.4 IEC60870-5-103 Interface over Ethernet


The IEC60870-5-103 interface over Ethernet is a master/slave interface with the relay as the slave
device. It is properly developed by NR too. All the service of this relay is based on generic
functions of the IEC60870-5-103. The following table lists all the group number of this relay. And
this relay will send all the relevant information about group caption to the SAS or RTU after
establishing a successful communication link.
Please refer to Table 9.3-1 for detailed description of generic service group numbers.

9.5 Messages Description for IEC61850 Protocol


9.5.1 Overview
The IEC 61850 standard is the result of years of work by electric utilities and vendors of electronic
equipment to produce standardized communications systems. IEC 61850 is a series of standards
describing client/server and peer-to-peer communications, substation design and configuration,
testing, environmental and project standards. The complete set includes:

IEC 61850-1: Introduction and overview

IEC 61850-2: Glossary

IEC 61850-3: General requirements

IEC 61850-4: System and project management

IEC 61850-5: Communications and requirements for functions and device models

IEC 61850-6: Configuration description language for communication in electrical substations


related to IEDs
IEC 61850-7-1: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment Principles and models

IEC 61850-7-2: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment - Abstract

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9 Communication

communication service interface (ACSI)


IEC 61850-7-3: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment
Common data classes
IEC 61850-7-4: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment
Compatible logical node classes and data classes
IEC 61850-8-1: Specific Communication Service Mapping (SCSM) Mappings to MMS (ISO
9506-1 and ISO 9506-2) and to ISO/IEC 8802-3
IEC 61850-9-1: Specific Communication Service Mapping (SCSM) Sampled values over
serial unidirectional multidrop point to point link
IEC 61850-9-2: Specific Communication Service Mapping (SCSM) Sampled values over
ISO/IEC 8802-3

IEC 61850-10: Conformance testing

These documents can be obtained from the IEC (http://www.iec.ch). It is strongly recommended
that all those involved with any IEC 61850 implementation obtain this document set.

9.5.2 Communication Profiles


The PCS-974 series relay supports IEC 61850 server services over TCP/IP communication
protocol stacks. The TCP/IP profile requires the PCS-974 series to have an IP address to establish
communications.
1.

MMS protocol

IEC 61850 specifies the use of the Manufacturing Message Specification (MMS) at the upper
(application) layer for transfer of real-time data. This protocol has been in existence for a number
of years and provides a set of services suitable for the transfer of data within a substation LAN
environment. IEC 61850-7-2 abstract services and objects are mapped to actual MMS protocol
services in IEC61850-8-1.
2.

Client/server

This is a connection-oriented type of communication. The connection and communication activity


is initiated and controlled by the client. Substation computers running HMI programs or SOE
logging software are considered as IEC61850 clients. Substation equipment such as protection
relays, meters, RTUs, transformer, tap changers, or bay control units are considered as servers.
Please note that RTUs can also be considered as clients.
3.

Peer-to-peer

This is a non-connection-oriented, high speed type of communication usually between substation


equipment, such as protection relays. GOOSE is the method of peer-to-peer communication.
4.

Substation configuration language (SCL)

A substation configuration language is a number of files used to describe the configuration of


substation equipment. Each configured device has an IEC Capability Description (ICD) file and a
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9 Communication

Configured IED Description (CID) file. The substation single line information is stored in a System
Specification Description (SSD) file. The entire substation configuration is stored in a Substation
Configuration Description (SCD) file. The SCD file is the combination of the individual ICD files
and the SSD file.

9.5.3 Server Data Organization


IEC61850 defines an object-oriented approach to data and services. An IEC61850 physical device
can contain one or more logical device(s) (for proxy). Each logical device can contain many logical
nodes. Each logical node can contain many data objects. Each data object is composed of data
attributes and data attribute components. Services are available at each level for performing
various functions, such as reading, writing, control commands, and reporting.
Each IED represents one IEC61850 physical device. The logical node LPHD contains information
about the IED physical device. The logical node LLN0 contains common information about the IED
logical device.
9.5.3.1 Digital Status Values
The GGIO logical node is available in the PCS-974 series relays to provide access to digital status
points (including general I/O inputs and warnings) and associated timestamps and quality flags.
The data content must be configured before the data can be used. GGIO provides digital status
points for access by clients. It is intended that clients use GGIO in order to access digital status
values from the PCS-974 series relays. Clients can utilize the IEC61850 buffered reporting
features available from GGIO in order to build sequence of events (SOE) logs and HMI display
screens. Buffered reporting should generally be used for SOE logs since the buffering capability
reduces the chances of missing data state changes. All needed status data objects are transmitted
to HMI clients via buffered reporting, and the corresponding buffered reporting control block
(BRCB) is defined in LLN0.
9.5.3.2 Analog Values
Most of analog measured values are available through the MMXU logical nodes, and metering
values in MMTR, the else in MMXN, MSQI and so on. Each MMXU logical node provides data
from an IED current/voltage source. There is one MMXU available for each configurable source.
MMXU1 provides data from CT/VT source 1(usually for protection purpose), and MMXU2 provides
data from CT/VT source 2 (usually for monitor and display purpose). All these analog data objects
are transmitted to HMI clients via unbuffered reporting periodically, and the corresponding
unbuffered reporting control block (URCB) is defined in LLN0. MMXUx logical nodes provide the
following data for each source:

MMXU.MX.Hz: frequency

MMXU. MX.PPV.phsAB: phase AB voltage magnitude and angle

MMXU.MX.PPV.phsBC: phase BC voltage magnitude and angle

MMXU.MX.PPV.phsCA: Phase CA voltage magnitude and angle

MMXU.MX.PhV.phsA: phase AG voltage magnitude and angle

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9 Communication

MMXU.MX.PhV.phsB: phase BG voltage magnitude and angle

MMXU.MX.PhV.phsC: phase CG voltage magnitude and angle

MMXU.MX.A.phsA: phase A current magnitude and angle

MMXU.MX.A.phsB: phase B current magnitude and angle

MMXU.MX.A.phsC: phase C current magnitude and angle

9.5.3.3 Protection Logical Nodes


The following list describes the protection elements for all PCS-974 series relays. The specified
relay will contain a subset of protection elements from this list.

SPRT: mechanical protection

PTOC: phase overcurrent, zero sequence overcurrent and overcurrent in case of CTS

RBRF: breaker failure protection

The protection elements listed above contain start (pickup) and operate flags, instead of any
element has its own start (pickup) flag separately, all the elements share a common start (pickup)
flags PTRC.ST.Str.general. The operate flag for PTOC1 is PTOC1.ST.Op.general. For the
PCS-974 series relay protection elements, these flags take their values from related module for
the corresponding element. Similar to digital status values, the protection trip information is
reported via BRCB, and it also locates in LLN0.
9.5.3.4 LLN0 and Other Logical Nodes
Logical node LLN0 is essential for an IEC61850 based IED. This LN shall be used to address
common issues for Logical Devices. Most of the public services, the common settings, control
values and some device oriented data objects are available here. The public services may be
BRCB, URCB and GSE control blocks and similar global defines for the whole device; the
common settings include all the setting items of communication settings. System settings and
some of the protection setting items, which can be configured to two or more protection elements
(logical nodes). In LLN0, the item Loc is a device control object, this Do item indicates the local
operation for complete logical device, when it is true, all the remote control commands to the IED
will be blocked and those commands make effective until the item Loc is changed to false. In
PCS-974 series relays, besides the logical nodes we describe above, there are some other logical
nodes below in the IEDs:
MMXU: This LN shall be used to acquire values from CTs and VTs and calculate measurands
such as r.m.s. values for current and voltage or power flows out of the acquired voltage and
current samples. These values are normally used for operational purposes such as power flow
supervision and management, screen displays, state estimation, etc. The requested accuracy for
these functions has to be provided.
LPHD: Physical device information, the logical node to model common issues for physical
device.

MSQI: Positive sequence current and negative sequence current.


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9 Communication

PTRC: Protection trip conditioning, it shall be used to connect the operate outputs of one or
more protection functions to a common trip to be transmitted to XCBR. In addition or alternatively,
any combination of operate outputs of protection functions may be combined to a new operate
of PTRC.
RDRE: Disturbance recorder function. It triggers the fault wave recorder and its output refers
to the IEEE Standard Format for Transient Data Exchange (COMTRADE) for Power System (IEC
60255-24). All enabled channels are included in the recording, independently of the trigger mode.

9.5.4 Server Features and Configuration


9.5.4.1 Buffered/unbuffered Reporting
IEC61850 buffered and unbuffered reporting control blocks locate in LLN0, they can be configured
to transmit information of protection trip information (in the Protection logical nodes), binary status
values (in GGIO) and analog measured/calculated values (in MMXU, MMTR and MSQI). The
reporting control blocks can be configured in CID files, and then be sent to the IED via an
IEC61850 client. The following items can be configured.
TrgOps: Trigger options. The following bits are supported by the PCS-974 series
relays:
Bit 1: Data-change
Bit 4: Integrity
Bit 5: General interrogation

OptFlds: Option Fields. The following bits are supported by the PCS-974 series relays:
Bit 1: Sequence-number
Bit 2: Report-time-stamp
Bit 3: Reason-for-inclusion
Bit 4: Data-set-name
Bit 5: Data-reference
Bit 6: Buffer-overflow (for buffered reports only)
Bit 7: EntryID (for buffered reports only)
Bit 8: Conf-revision
Bit 9: Segmentation

IntgPd: Integrity period.

BufTm: Buffer time.

9.5.4.2 File Transfer


MMS file services are supported to allow transfer of oscillography, event record or other files from
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9 Communication

a PCS-974 series relay.


9.5.4.3 Timestamps
The Universal Time Coordinated (UTC for short) timestamp associated with all IEC61850 data
items represents the latest change time of either the value or quality flags of the data item
9.5.4.4 Logical Node Name Prefixes
IEC61850 specifies that each logical node can have a name with a total length of 11 characters.
The name is composed of:

A five or six-character name prefix.

A four-character standard name (for example, MMXU, GGIO, PIOC, etc.).

A one or two-character instantiation index.

Complete names are of the form xxxxxxPTOC1, where the xxxxxx character string is configurable.
Details regarding the logical node naming rules are given in IEC61850 parts 6 and 7-2. It is
recommended that a consistent naming convention be used for an entire substation project.
9.5.4.5 GOOSE Services
IEC61850 specifies the type of broadcast data transfer services: Generic Object Oriented
Substation Events (GOOSE). IEC61850 GOOSE services provide virtual LAN (VLAN) support,
Ethernet priority tagging, and Ether-type Application ID configuration. The support for VLANs and
priority tagging allows for the optimization of Ethernet network traffic. GOOSE messages can be
given a higher priority than standard Ethernet traffic, and they can be separated onto specific
VLANs. Devices that transmit GOOSE messages also function as servers. Each GOOSE
publisher contains a GOOSE control block to configure and control the transmission.
The GOOSE transmission (including subscribing and publishing) is controlled by GOOSE link
settings in device.
The PCS-974 series relays support IEC61850 Generic Object Oriented Substation Event (GOOSE)
communication. All GOOSE messages contain IEC61850 data collected into a dataset. It is this
dataset that is transferred using GOOSE message services. The GOOSE related dataset is
configured in the CID file and it is recommended that the fixed GOOSE be used for
implementations that require GOOSE data transfer between PCS-974 series relays.
IEC61850 GOOSE messaging contains a number of configurable parameters, all of which must be
correct to achieve the successful transfer of data. It is critical that the configured datasets at the
transmission and reception devices are an exact match in terms of data structure, and that the
GOOSE addresses and name strings match exactly.

9.5.5 ACSI conformance


9.5.5.1 ACSI Basic Conformance Statement
Services

Client

Server

PCS-974

Client-Server Roles
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9 Communication
Services

Client

Server

PCS-974

B11

Server side (of Two-party Application-Association)

C1

B12

Client side (of Two-party Application-Association)

C1

SCSMS Supported
B21

SCSM: IEC 61850-8-1 used

B22

SCSM: IEC 61850-9-1 used

B23

SCSM: IEC 61850-9-2 used

B24

SCSM: other

Generic Substation Event Model (GSE)


B31

Publisher side

B32

Subscriber side

Transmission Of Sampled Value Model (SVC)


B41

Publisher side

B42

Subscriber side

Client

Server

PCS-974

Where:
C1: Shall be "M" if support for LOGICAL-DEVICE model has been declared
O: Optional
M: Mandatory
Y:

Supported by PCS-974 relay

N:

Currently not supported by PCS-974 relay

9.5.5.2 ACSI Models Conformance Statement


Services
M1

Logical device

C2

C2

M2

Logical node

C3

C3

M3

Data

C4

C4

M4

Data set

C5

C5

M5

Substitution

M6

Setting group control

Buffered report control

M7-1

sequence-number

M7-2

report-time-stamp

M7-3

reason-for-inclusion

M7-4

data-set-name

Reporting
M7

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9 Communication
Services

Client

Server

PCS-974

M7-5

data-reference

M7-6

buffer-overflow

M7-7

entryID

M7-8

BufTm

M7-9

IntgPd

M7-10

GI

Unbuffered report control

M8-1

sequence-number

M8-2

report-time-stamp

M8-3

reason-for-inclusion

M8-4

data-set-name

M8-5

data-reference

M8-6

BufTm

M8-7

IntgPd

Log control

M9-1

IntgPd

M10

Log

M12

GOOSE

M13

GSSE

M14

Multicast SVC

M15

Unicast SVC

M16

Time

M17

File transfer

M8

Logging
M9

GSE

Where:
C2: Shall be "M" if support for LOGICAL-NODE model has been declared
C3: Shall be "M" if support for DATA model has been declared
C4: Shall be "M" if support for DATA-SET, Substitution, Report, Log Control, or Time models has
been declared
C5: Shall be "M" if support for Report, GSE, or SMV models has been declared
M: Mandatory
Y:

Supported by PCS-974 relay

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9 Communication

N:

Currently not supported by PCS-974 relay

9.5.5.3 ACSI Services Conformance Statement


Service

Server/Publisher

PCS-974

Server
S1

ServerDirectory

Application association
S2

Associate

S3

Abort

S4

Release

Logical device
S5

LogicalDeviceDirectory

Logical node
S6

LogicalNodeDirectory

S7

GetAllDataValues

S8

GetDataValues

S9

SetDataValues

S10

GetDataDirectory

S11

GetDataDefinition

S12

GetDataSetValues

S13

SetDataSetValues

S14

CreateDataSet

S15

DeleteDataSet

S16

GetDataSetDirectory

Data

Data set

Substitution
S17

SetDataValues

Setting group control


S18

SelectActiveSG

M/O

S19

SelectEditSG

M/O

S20

SetSGValuess

M/O

S21

ConfirmEditSGValues

M/O

S22

GetSGValues

M/O

S23

GetSGCBValues

M/O

Reporting

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9 Communication
Service

Server/Publisher

PCS-974

Buffered report control block


Report

S24-1

data-change

S24-2

qchg-change

S24-3

data-update

S25

GetBRCBValues

S26

SetBRCBValues

Report

S27-1

data-change

S27-2

qchg-change

S27-3

data-update

S28

GetURCBValues

S29

SetURCBValues

S24

Unbuffered report control block


S27

Logging
Log control block
S30

GetLCBValues

S31

SetLCBValues

S32

QueryLogByTime

S33

QueryLogAfter

S34

GetLogStatusValues

Log

Generic substation event model (GSE)


GOOSE control block
S35

SendGOOSEMessage

S36

GetGoReference

S37

GetGOOSEElementNumber

S38

GetGoCBValues

S39

SetGoCBValuess

S51

Select

S52

SelectWithValue

S53

Cancel

S54

Operate

S55

Command-Termination

Control

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9 Communication
Service
S56

Server/Publisher
TimeActivated-Operate

PCS-974

File transfer
S57

GetFile

M/O

S58

SetFile

S59

DeleteFile

S60

GetFileAttributeValues

M/O

Time
SNTP

9.5.6 Logical Nodes


9.5.6.1 Logical Nodes Table
The PCS-974 relay supports IEC61850 logical nodes as indicated in the following table. Note that
the actual instantiation of each logical node is determined by the product order code.
Nodes

PCS-974

L: System Logical Nodes


LPHD: Physical device information

YES

LLN0: Logical node zero

YES

P: Logical Nodes For Protection Functions


PDIF: Differential

PDIR: Direction comparison

PDIS: Distance

PDOP: Directional overpower

PDUP: Directional underpower

PFRC: Rate of change of frequency

PHAR: Harmonic restraint

PHIZ: Ground detector

PIOC: Instantaneous overcurrent

PMRI: Motor restart inhibition

PMSS: Motor starting time supervision

POPF: Over power factor

PPAM: Phase angle measuring

PSCH: Protection scheme

PSDE: Sensitive directional earth fault

PTEF: Transient earth fault

PTOC: Time overcurrent

YES

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Nodes

PCS-974

PTOF: Overfrequency

PTOV: Overvoltage

PTRC: Protection trip conditioning

YES

PTTR: Thermal overload

PTUC: Undercurrent

PTUV: Undervoltage

PUPF: Underpower factor

PTUF: Underfrequency

PVOC: Voltage controlled time overcurrent

PVPH: Volts per Hz

PZSU: Zero speed or underspeed

R: Logical Nodes For Protection Related Functions


RDRE: Disturbance recorder function

YES

RADR: Disturbance recorder channel analogue

RBDR: Disturbance recorder channel binary

RDRS: Disturbance record handling

RBRF: Breaker failure

YES

RDIR: Directional element

RFLO: Fault locator

RPSB: Power swing detection/blocking

RREC: Autoreclosing

RSYN: Synchronism-check or synchronizing

C: Logical Nodes For Control


CALH: Alarm handling

CCGR: Cooling group control

CILO: Interlocking

CPOW: Point-on-wave switching

CSWI: Switch controller

G: Logical Nodes For Generic References

GAPC: Generic automatic process control


GGIO: Generic process I/O

YES

GSAL: Generic security application


I: Logical Nodes For Interfacing And Archiving
IARC: Archiving

IHMI: Human machine interface

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Nodes

PCS-974

ITCI: Telecontrol interface

ITMI: Telemonitoring interface

A: Logical Nodes For Automatic Control


ANCR: Neutral current regulator

ARCO: Reactive power control

ATCC: Automatic tap changer controller

AVCO: Voltage control

M: Logical Nodes For Metering And Measurement


MDIF: Differential measurements

MHAI: Harmonics or interharmonics

MHAN: Non phase related harmonics or interharmonic

MMTR: Metering

MMXN: Non phase related measurement

MMXU: Measurement

YES

MSQI: Sequence and imbalance

YES

MSTA: Metering statistics


S: Logical Nodes For Sensors And Monitoring
SARC: Monitoring and diagnostics for arcs

SIMG: Insulation medium supervision (gas)

SIML: Insulation medium supervision (liquid)

SPDC: Monitoring and diagnostics for partial discharges

X: Logical Nodes For Switchgear


TCTR: Current transformer

YES

TVTR: Voltage transformer

Y: Logical Nodes For Power Transformers


YEFN: Earth fault neutralizer (Peterson coil)

YLTC: Tap changer

YPSH: Power shunt

YPTR: Power transformer

Z: Logical Nodes For Further Power System Equipment


ZAXN: Auxiliary network

ZBAT: Battery

ZBSH: Bushing

ZCAB: Power cable

ZCAP: Capacitor bank

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9 Communication
Nodes

PCS-974

ZCON: Converter

ZGEN: Generator

ZGIL: Gas insulated line

ZLIN: Power overhead line

ZMOT: Motor

ZREA: Reactor

ZRRC: Rotating reactive component

ZSAR: Surge arrestor

ZTCF: Thyristor controlled frequency converter

ZTRC: Thyristor controlled reactive component

9.6 DNP3.0 Interface


9.6.1 Overview
The descriptions given here are intended to accompany this relay. The DNP3.0 protocol is not
described here; please refer to the DNP3.0 protocol standard for the details about the DNP3.0
implementation. This manual only specifies which objects, variations and qualifiers are supported
in this relay, and also specifies what data is available from this relay via DNP3.0.
The relay operates as a DNP3.0 slave and supports subset level 2 of the protocol, plus some of
the features from level 3. The DNP3.0 communication uses the EIA RS-485 at the rear of this relay.
The data format is 1 start bit, 8 data bits, no parity bit and 1 stop bit.

9.6.2 Link Layer Functions


Please see the DNP3.0 protocol standard for the details about the linker layer functions.

9.6.3 Transport Functions


Please see the DNP3.0 protocol standard for the details about the transport functions.

9.6.4 Application Layer Functions


9.6.4.1 Time Synchronization
1.

2.

Time delay measurement


Master/Slave

Function Code

Object

Variation

Qualifier

Master

0x17

Slave

0x81

0x34

0x02

0x07

Function Code

Object

Variation

Qualifier

Read time of device


Master/Slave

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9 Communication

3.

Master

0x01

0x34

0x00, 0x01

0x07

Slave

0x81

0x32

0x01

0x07

Master/Slave

Function Code

Object

Variation

Qualifier

Master

0x02

0x32

0x01

0x00,0x01,0x07,0x08

Slave

0x81

Write time of device

9.6.4.2 Supported Writing Functions


1.

Write time of device


See Section 9.6.4.1 for the details.

2.

Reset the CU (Reset IIN bit7)


Master/Slave

Function Code

Object

Variation

Qualifier

Master

0x02

0x50

0x01

0x00, 0x01

Slave

0x81

9.6.4.3 Supported Reading Functions


1.

2.

Supported qualifiers
Master Qualifier

0x00

0x01

0x06

0x07

0x08

Slave Qualifier

0x00

0x01

0x01

0x07

0x08

Supported objects and variations

Object 1, Binary inputs

Master Variation

0x00

0x01

0x02

Slave Variation

0x02

0x01

0x02

The protection operation signals, alarm signals and binary input state change signals are
transported respectively according to the variation sequence in above table.

Object 2, SOE

Master Variation

0x00

0x01

0x02

0x03

Slave Variation

0x02

0x01

0x02

0x03

If the master qualifier is 0x07, the slave responsive qualifier is 0x27; and if the master
qualifier is 0x01, 0x06 or 0x08, the slave responsive qualifier is 0x28.

Object 30, Analog inputs

Master Variation

0x00

0x01

0x02

0x03

0x04

Slave Variation

0x01

0x01

0x02

0x03

0x04

The measurement values are transported firstly, and then the relay measurement values are
transported.

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Object 40, Analog outputs

Master Variation

0x00

0x01

0x02

Slave Variation

0x01

0x01

0x02

The protection settings are transported in this object.

Object 50, Time Synchronization


See Section 9.6.4.1 for the details.

3.

Class 0 data request


The master adopts the Object 60 for the Class 0 data request and the variation is 0x01.
The slave responds with the above mentioned Object 1, Object 30 and Object 40 (see
Supported objects and variations in Section 9.6.4.3).

4.

Class 1 data request


The master adopts the Object 60 for the Class 1 data request and the variation is 0x02.
The slave responds with the above mentioned Object 2 (see Supported objects and
variations in Section 9.6.4.3).

5.

Multiple object request


The master adopts the Object 60 for the multiple object request and the variation is 0x01,
0x02, 0x03 and 0x04.
The slave responds with the above mentioned Object 1, Object 2, Object 30 and Object
40 (see Supported objects and variations in Section 9.6.4.3).

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10 Installation
Table of Contents
10.1 General ..........................................................................................................10-1
10.2 Safety Instructions .......................................................................................10-1
10.3 Checking the Shipment................................................................................10-2
10.4 Material and Tools Required ........................................................................10-2
10.5 Device Location and Ambient Conditions ..................................................10-2
10.6 Mechanical Installation ................................................................................10-3
10.7 Electrical Installation and Wiring ................................................................10-4
10.7.1 Grounding Guidelines .................................................................................................... 10-4
10.7.2 Cubicle Grounding ......................................................................................................... 10-5
10.7.3 Ground Connection on the Device ................................................................................. 10-5
10.7.4 Grounding Strips and their Installation ........................................................................... 10-6
10.7.5 Guidelines for Wiring ..................................................................................................... 10-6
10.7.6 Wiring for Electrical Cables ............................................................................................ 10-7

Table of Figures
Figure 10.6-1 Dimensions of PCS-974FG ............................................................................. 10-3
Figure 10.6-2 Demonstration of plugging a board into its corresponding slot ................. 10-4
Figure 10.7-1 Cubicle grounding system .............................................................................. 10-5
Figure 10.7-2 Ground terminal of this relay .......................................................................... 10-6
Figure 10.7-3 Ground strip and termination ......................................................................... 10-6
Figure 10.7-4 Glancing demo about the wiring for electrical cables .................................. 10-7

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10.1 General
The equipment must be shipped, stored and installed with the greatest care.
Choose the place of installation such that the communication interface and the controls on the
front of the device are easily accessible.
Air must circulate freely around the equipment. Observe all the requirements regarding place of
installation and ambient conditions given in this instruction manual.
Take care that the external wiring is properly brought into the equipment and terminated correctly
and pay special attention to grounding. Strictly observe the corresponding guidelines contained in
this section.

10.2 Safety Instructions


Modules and units may only be replaced by correspondingly trained personnel. Always observe
the basic precautions to avoid damage due to electrostatic discharge when handling the
equipment.
In certain cases, the settings have to be configured according to the demands of the engineering
configuration after replacement. It is therefore assumed that the personnel who replace modules
and units are familiar with the use of the operator program on the service PC.
DANGER! Only insert or withdraw the PWR module while the power supply is switched
off. To this end, disconnect the power supply cable that connects with the PWR module.
WARNING! Only insert or withdraw other modules while the power supply is switched off.

WARNING! The modules may only be inserted in the slots designated in Section 6.2.
Components can be damaged or destroyed by inserting boards in the wrong slots.
DANGER! Improper handling of the equipment can cause damage or an incorrect
response of the equipment itself or the primary plant.
WARNING! Industry packs and ribbon cables may only be replaced or the positions of
jumpers be changed on a workbench appropriately designed for working on electronic
equipment. The modules, bus backplanes are sensitive to electrostatic discharge when
not in the unit's housing.
The basic precautions to guard against electrostatic discharge are as follows:

Boards have to be removed from this relay installed in a grounded cubicle in an HV

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switchgear installation, please discharge yourself by touching station ground (the cubicle)
beforehand.

Only hold electronic boards at the edges, taking care not to touch the components.

Only works on boards that have been removed from the cubicle on a workbench designed for
electronic equipment and wear a grounded wristband. Do not wear a grounded wristband,
however, while inserting or withdrawing units.

Always store and ship the electronic boards in their original packing. Place electronic parts in
electrostatic screened packing materials.

10.3 Checking the Shipment


Check that the consignment is complete immediately upon receipt. Notify the nearest NR
Company or agent, should departures from the delivery note, the shipping papers or the order be
found.
Visually inspect all the material when unpacking it. When there is evidence of transport damage,
lodge a claim immediately in writing with the last carrier and notify the nearest NR Company or
agent.
If the equipment is not going to be installed immediately, store all the parts in their original packing
in a clean dry place at a moderate temperature. The humidity at a maximum temperature and the
permissible storage temperature range in dry air are listed in Section 2.1.3.

10.4 Material and Tools Required


The necessary mounting kits will be provided, including screws, pincers and assembly
instructions.
A suitable drill and spanners are required to secure the cubicles to the floor using the plugs
provided (if this relay is mounted in cubicles).

10.5 Device Location and Ambient Conditions


The place of installation should permit easy access especially to front of the device, i.e. to the
human machine interface of the equipment.
There should also be free access at the rear of the equipment for additions and replacement of
electronic boards.
Since every piece of technical equipment can be damaged or destroyed by inadmissible ambient
conditions, such as:
1.

The location should not be exposed to excessive air pollution (dust, aggressive substances).

2.

Severe vibration, extreme changes of temperature, high levels of humidity, surge voltages of
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high amplitude and short rise time and strong induced magnetic fields should be avoided as
far as possible.
3.

Air must not be allowed to circulate freely around the equipment.

The equipment can in principle be mounted in any attitude, but it is normally mounted vertically
(visibility of markings).
WARNING! Excessively high temperature can appreciably reduce the operating life of
this relay.

10.6 Mechanical Installation


This relay is made of a single layer 8U height chassis. Following two figures show the dimensions
of this relay for reference in mounting.
(290)

101.6

76.2

354.8

101.6

482.6
465

4650.2
+0.4
451-0

101.60.1

356.8 -0

+0.4

76.20.1 101.60.1

8-6.8

Figure 10.6-1 Dimensions of PCS-974FG

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10 Installation

NOTE! It is necessary to leave enough space top and bottom of the cut-out in the cubicle
for heat emission of this relay.
The safety instructions must be abided by when installing the boards, please see Section 10.2 for
the details.
Following figure shows the installation way of a module being plugged into a corresponding slot.

Figure 10.6-2 Demonstration of plugging a board into its corresponding slot

In the case of equipment supplied in cubicles, place the cubicles on the foundations that have
been prepared. Take care while doing so not to jam or otherwise damage any of the cables that
have already been installed. Secure the cubicles to the foundations.

10.7 Electrical Installation and Wiring


10.7.1 Grounding Guidelines
Switching operations in HV installations generate transient over voltages on control signal cables.
There is also a background of electromagnetic RF fields in electrical installations that can induce
spurious currents in the devices themselves or the leads connected to them.
All these influences can influence the operation of electronic apparatus.
On the other hand, electronic apparatus can transmit interference that can disrupt the operation of
other apparatus.
In order to minimize these influences as far as possible, certain standards have to be observed
with respect to grounding, wiring and screening.
NOTE! All these precautions can only be effective if the station ground is of good quality.

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10.7.2 Cubicle Grounding


The cubicle must be designed and fitted out such that the impedance for RF interference of the
ground path from the electronic device to the cubicle ground terminal is as low as possible.
Metal accessories such as side plates, blanking plates etc., must be effectively connected
surface-to-surface to the grounded frame to ensure a low-impedance path to ground for RF
interference. The contact surfaces must not only conduct well, they must also be non-corroding.
NOTE! If the above conditions are not fulfilled, there is a possibility of the cubicle or parts
of it forming a resonant circuit at certain frequencies that would amplify the transmission
of interference by the devices installed and also reduce their immunity to induced
interference.
Movable parts of the cubicle such as doors (front and back) or hinged equipment frames must be
effectively grounded to the frame by three braided copper strips (see Figure 10.7-1).
The metal parts of the cubicle housing and the ground rail are interconnected electrically
conducting and corrosion proof. The contact surfaces shall be as large as possible.
NOTE! For metallic connections please observe the voltage difference of both materials
according to the electrochemical code.
The cubicle ground rail must be effectively connected to the station ground rail by a grounding strip
(braided copper).

Door or hinged
equipment frame

Cubicle ground
rail close to floor

Braided
copper strip
Station
ground
Conducting
connection

Figure 10.7-1 Cubicle grounding system

10.7.3 Ground Connection on the Device


There is a ground terminal on the rear panel, and the ground braided copper strip can be
connected with it. Take care that the grounding strip is always as short as possible. The main thing
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is that the device is only grounded at one point. Grounding loops from unit to unit are not allowed.
There are some ground terminals on some connectors of this relay, and the sign is GND. All the
ground terminals are connected in the cabinet of this relay. So, the ground terminal on the rear
panel (see Figure 10.7-2) is the only ground terminal of this device.

Figure 10.7-2 Ground terminal of this relay

10.7.4 Grounding Strips and their Installation


High frequency currents are produced by interference in the ground connections and because of
skin effect at these frequencies, only the surface region of the grounding strips is of consequence.
The grounding strips must therefore be of (preferably tinned) braided copper and not round copper
conductors, as the cross-section of round copper would have to be too large.
Proper terminations must be fitted to both ends (press/pinch fit and tinned) with a hole for bolting
them firmly to the items to be connected.
The surfaces to which the grounding strips are bolted must be electrically conducting and
non-corroding.
The following figure shows the ground strip and termination.
Press/pinch fit
cable terminal

Braided
copper strip

Terminal bolt
Contact surface

Figure 10.7-3 Ground strip and termination

10.7.5 Guidelines for Wiring


There are several types of cables that are used in the connection of this relay: braided copper
cable, serial communication cable etc. Recommendation of each cable:

Grounding: braided copper cable, 2.5mm2 ~ 6.0mm2

Power supply, binary inputs & outputs: brained copper cable, 1.5mm2 ~ 2.5mm2

AC voltage inputs: brained copper cable, 1.5mm2 ~ 2.5mm2


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AC current inputs: brained copper cable, 2.5mm2 ~ 6.0mm2

Serial communication: 4-core shielded braided cable

Ethernet communication: 4-pair screened twisted category 5E cable

10.7.6 Wiring for Electrical Cables


A female connector is used for connecting the wires with it, and then a female connector plugs into
a corresponding male connector that is in the front of one board. See Chapter Hardware for
further details about the pin defines of these connectors.
The following figure shows the glancing demo about the wiring for the electrical cables.

Tighten

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

01

Figure 10.7-4 Glancing demo about the wiring for electrical cables

DANGER! Never allow the current transformer (CT) secondary circuit connected to this
equipment to be opened while the primary system is live. Opening the CT circuit will
produce a dangerously high voltage.

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11 Commissioning

11 Commissioning
Table of Contents
11.1 General .......................................................................................................... 11-1
11.2 Safety Instructions ....................................................................................... 11-1
11.3 Commission Tools ........................................................................................ 11-2
11.4 Setting Familiarization ................................................................................. 11-2
11.5 Product Checks ............................................................................................ 11-3
11.5.1 With the Relay De-energized .......................................................................................... 11-3
11.5.2 With the Relay Energized ................................................................................................ 11-5
11.5.3 Print Fault Report ............................................................................................................ 11-7
11.5.4 On-load Checks .............................................................................................................. 11-8

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11 Commissioning

11.1 General
This relay is fully numerical in their design, implementing all protection and non-protection
functions in software. The relay employs a high degree of self-checking and in the unlikely event of
a failure, will give an alarm. As a result of this, the commissioning test does not need to be as
extensive as with non-numeric electronic or electro-mechanical relays.
To commission numerical relays, it is only necessary to verify that the hardware is functioning
correctly and the application-specific software settings have been applied to the relay.
Blank commissioning test and setting records are provided at the end of this manual for
completion as required.
Before carrying out any work on the equipment, the user should be familiar with the contents of the
safety and technical data sections and the ratings on the equipments rating label.

11.2 Safety Instructions


WARNING! Hazardous voltages are present in this electrical equipment during operation.
Non-observance of the safety rules can result in severe personal injury or property
damage.
WARNING! Only the qualified personnel shall work on and around this equipment after
becoming thoroughly familiar with all warnings and safety notices of this manual as well
as with the applicable safety regulations.
Particular attention must be drawn to the following:

The earthing screw of the device must be connected solidly to the protective earth conductor
before any other electrical connection is made.

Hazardous voltages can be present on all circuits and components connected to the supply
voltage or to the measuring and test quantities.

Hazardous voltages can be present in the device even after disconnection of the supply
voltage (storage capacitors!)

The limit values stated in the Chapter Technical Data must not be exceeded at all, not even
during testing and commissioning.

When testing the device with secondary test equipment, make sure that no other
measurement quantities are connected. Take also into consideration that the trip circuits and
maybe also close commands to the circuit breakers and other primary switches are
disconnected from the device unless expressly stated.

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11 Commissioning

DANGER! Current transformer secondary circuits must have been short-circuited before
the current leads to the device are disconnected.
WARNING! Primary test may only be carried out by qualified personnel, who are familiar
with the commissioning of protection system, the operation of the plant and safety rules
and regulations (switching, earthing, etc.).

11.3 Commission Tools


Minimum equipment required:

Multifunctional dynamic current and voltage injection test set with interval timer.

Multimeter with suitable AC current range and AC/DC voltage ranges of 0~440V and 0~250V
respectively.

Continuity tester (if not included in the multimeter).

Phase angle meter.

Phase rotation meter.


NOTE! Modern test set may contain many of the above features in one unit.

Optional equipment:

An electronic or brushless insulation tester with a DC output not exceeding 500V (for
insulation resistance test when required).

A portable PC, with appropriate software (this enables the rear communications port to be
tested, if this is to be used, and will also save considerable time during commissioning).

EIA RS-485 to EIA RS-232 converter (if EIA RS-485 IEC60870-5-103 port is being tested).

PCS-974 serials dedicated protection tester HELP-9000.

11.4 Setting Familiarization


When commissioning this device for the first time, sufficient time should be allowed to become
familiar with the method by which the settings are applied. A detailed description of the menu
structure of this relay is contained in Chapter Operation Theory and Chapter Settings.
With the front cover in place all keys are accessible. All menu cells can be read. The LED
indicators and alarms can be reset. Protection or configuration settings can be changed, or fault
and event records cleared. However, menu cells will require the appropriate password to be
entered before changes can be made.

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11 Commissioning

Alternatively, if a portable PC is available together with suitable setting software (such as


PCS-9700 SAS software), the menu can be viewed one page at a time to display a full column of
data and text. This PC software also allows settings to be entered more easily, saved to a file on
disk for future reference or printed to produce a setting record. Refer to the PC software user
manual for details. If the software is being used for the first time, allow sufficient time to become
familiar with its operation.

11.5 Product Checks


These product checks cover all aspects of the relay which should be checked to ensure that it has
not been physically damaged prior to commissioning, is functioning correctly and all input quantity
measurements are within the stated tolerances.
If the application-specific settings have been applied to the relay prior to commissioning, it is
advisable to make a copy of the settings so as to allow them restoration later. This could be done
by extracting the settings from the relay itself via printer or manually creating a setting record.

11.5.1 With the Relay De-energized


This relay is fully numerical and the hardware is continuously monitored. Commissioning tests can
be kept to a minimum and need only include hardware tests and conjunctive tests. The function
tests are carried out according to users correlative regulations.
The following tests are necessary to ensure the normal operation of the equipment before it is first
put into service.

Hardware tests
These tests are performed for the following hardware to ensure that there is no hardware
defect. Defects of hardware circuits other than the following can be detected by
self-monitoring when the DC power is supplied.

User interfaces test

Binary input circuits and output circuits test

AC input circuits test

Function tests
These tests are performed for the following functions that are fully software-based. Tests of
the protection schemes and fault locator require a dynamic test set.

Measuring elements test

Timers test

Metering and recording test

Conjunctive tests
The tests are performed after the relay is connected with the primary equipment and other

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11 Commissioning

external equipment.

On load test.

Phase sequence check and polarity check.

11.5.1.1 Visual Inspection


After unpacking the product, check for any damage to the relay case. If there is any damage, the
internal module might also have been affected, contact the vendor. The following items listed are
necessary.

Protection panel
Carefully examine the protection panel, protection equipment inside and other parts inside to
see that no physical damage has occurred since installation.
The rated information of other auxiliary protections should be checked to ensure it is correct
for the particular installation.

Panel wiring
Check the conducting wire which is used in the panel to assure that their cross section
meeting the requirement.
Carefully examine the wiring to see that they are no connection failure exists.

Label
Check all the isolator binary inputs, terminal blocks, indicators, switches and push buttons to
make sure that their labels meet the requirements of this project.

Equipment plug-in modules


Check each plug-in module of the equipment on the panel to make sure that they are well
installed into the equipment without any screw loosened.

Earthing cable
Check whether the earthing cable from the panel terminal block is safely screwed to the panel
steel sheet.

Switch, keypad, isolator binary inputs and push button


Check whether all the switches, equipment keypad, isolator binary inputs and push buttons
work normally and smoothly.

11.5.1.2 Insulation Test (if required)


Insulation resistance tests are only necessary during commissioning if it is required for them to be
done and they have not been performed during installation.
Isolate all wiring from the earth and test the isolation with an electronic or brushless insulation
tester at a DC voltage not exceeding 500V, The circuits need to be tested should include:

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11 Commissioning

Current transformer circuits

DC power supply

Optic-isolated control inputs

Output contacts

Communication ports

The insulation resistance should be greater than 100M at 500V.


Test method:
To unplug all the terminals sockets of this relay, and do the Insulation resistance test for each
circuit above with an electronic or brushless insulation tester.
On completion of the insulation resistance tests, ensure all external wiring is correctly reconnected
to the protection.
11.5.1.3 External Wiring
Check that the external wiring is correct to the relevant relay diagram and scheme diagram.
Ensure as far as practical that phasing/phase rotation appears to be as expected.
Check the wiring against the schematic diagram for the installation to ensure compliance with the
customers normal practice.
11.5.1.4 Auxiliary Power Supply
The relay only can be operated under the auxiliary power supply depending on the relays nominal
power supply rating.
The incoming voltage must be within the operating range specified in Section 2.1.1, before
energizing the relay, measure the auxiliary supply to ensure it within the operating range.
Other requirements to the auxiliary power supply are specified in Section 2.1.1. See this section
for further details about the parameters of the power supply.
WARNING! Energize this relay only if the power supply is within the specified operating
ranges in Section 2.1.2.

11.5.2 With the Relay Energized


The following groups of checks verify that the relay hardware and software is functioning correctly
and should be carried out with the auxiliary supply applied to the relay.
The current and voltage transformer connections must remain isolated from the relay for these
checks. The trip circuit should also remain isolated to prevent accidental operation of the
associated circuit breaker.
11.5.2.1 Front Panel LCD Display
Connect the relay to DC power supply correctly and turn the relay on. Check program version and
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forming time displayed in command menu to ensure that are corresponding to what ordered.
11.5.2.2 Date and Time
If the time and date is not being maintained by substation automation system, the date and time
should be set manually.
Set the date and time to the correct local time and date using menu item CLOCK.
In the event of the auxiliary supply failing, with a battery fitted on MON board, the time and date
will be maintained. Therefore when the auxiliary supply is restored the time and date will be correct
and not need to set again.
To test this, remove the auxiliary supply from the relay for approximately 30s. After being
re-energized, the time and date should be correct.
11.5.2.3 Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
On power up, the green LED HEALTHY should have illuminated and stayed on indicating that
the relay is healthy.
The relay has latched signal relays which remember the state of the trip, auto-reclose when the
relay was last energized from an auxiliary supply. Therefore these indicators may also illuminate
when the auxiliary supply is applied. If any of these LEDs are on then they should be reset before
proceeding with further testing. If the LED successfully reset, the LED goes out. There is no testing
required for that that LED because it is known to be operational.
It is likely that alarms related to voltage transformer supervision will not reset at this stage.
11.5.2.4 Testing the HEALTHY and ALARM LEDs
Apply the rated DC power supply and check that the HEALTHY LED is lighting in green. We
need to emphasize that the HEALTHY LED is always lighting in operation course except that the
equipment find serious errors in it.
Produce one of the abnormal conditions listed in Chapter Supervision, the ALARM LED will
light in yellow. When abnormal condition reset, the ALARM LED extinguishes.
11.5.2.5 Testing the TRIP LED
The TRIP LED can be tested by initiating a manual circuit breaker trip from the relay. However
the TRIP LED will operate during the setting checks. Therefore no further testing of the TRIP
LED is required at this stage.
11.5.2.6 Testing the AC Current Inputs
This test verified that the accuracy of current measurement is within the acceptable tolerances.
Apply rated current to each current transformer input in turn; checking its magnitude by using a
multimeter/test set readout. The corresponding reading can then be checked in the relays menu.
The measurement accuracy of the protection is 2.5% or 0.02In. However, an additional allowance
must be made for the accuracy of the test equipment being used.

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NOTE! The closing circuit should remain isolated during these checks to prevent
accidental operation of the associated circuit breaker.
Input
Group No.

Measurement (on LCD)

Item
Value

Angle

Value

Angle

Ia
Three-phase current

Ib
Ic

11.5.2.7 Testing the Binary Inputs


This test checks that all the binary inputs on the equipment are functioning correctly.
The binary inputs should be energized one at a time, see external connection diagrams for
terminal numbers.
Ensure that the voltage applied on the binary input must be within the operating range.
The status of each binary input can be viewed by using relay menu. Sign 1 denotes an energized
input and sign 0 denotes a de-energized input.
Binary inputs testing checkout
Terminal No.

Signal Name

BI Status on LCD

Correct?

Test method:
To unplug all the terminals sockets of this protective device, and do the Insulation resistance test
for each circuit above with an electronic or brushless insulation tester.
On completion of the insulation resistance tests, ensure all external wiring is correctly reconnected
to the protection.

11.5.3 Print Fault Report


In order to acquire the details of protection operation, it is convenient to print the fault report of
protection device. The printing work can be easily finished when operator presses the print button
on panel of protection device to energize binary input [BI_Print] or operate control menu. What
should be noticed is that only the latest fault report can be printed if operator presses the print
button. A complete fault report includes the content shown as follows.
1) Trip event report
2) Binary input when protection devices start

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3) Self-check and the transition of binary input in the process of devices start
4) Fault wave forms compatible with COMTRADE
5) The setting value when the protection device trips

11.5.4 On-load Checks


The objectives of the on-load checks are:

Confirm the external wiring to the current and voltage inputs is correct.

Measure the magnitude of on-load current and voltage (if applicable).

Check the polarity of each current transformer.

However, these checks can only be carried out if there are no restrictions preventing the
tenderization of the plant being protected.
Remove all test leads, temporary shorting leads, etc. and replace any external wiring that has
been removed to allow testing.
If it has been necessary to disconnect any of the external wiring from the protection in order to
perform any of the foregoing tests, it should be ensured that all connections are replaced in
accordance with the relevant external connection or scheme diagram. Confirm current and voltage
transformer wiring.
11.5.4.1 Final Checks
After the above tests are completed, remove all test or temporary shorting leads, etc. If it has been
necessary to disconnect any of the external wiring from the protection in order to perform the
wiring verification tests, it should be ensured that all connections are replaced in accordance with
the relevant external connection or scheme diagram.
Ensure that the protection has been restored to service.
If the protection is in a new installation or the circuit breaker has just been maintained, the circuit
breaker maintenance and current counters should be zero. If a test block is installed, remove the
test plug and replace the cover so that the protection is put into service.
Ensure that all event records, fault records, disturbance records and alarms have been cleared
and LEDs has been reset before leaving the protection.

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12 Maintenance

12 Maintenance
Table of Contents
12.1 Appearance Check ...................................................................................... 12-1
12.2 Failure Tracing and Repair .......................................................................... 12-1
12.3 Replace Failed Modules .............................................................................. 12-1
12.4 Cleaning ....................................................................................................... 12-3
12.5 Storage ......................................................................................................... 12-3

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12 Maintenance

NR numerical relay PCS-974 is designed to require no special maintenance. All measurement and
signal processing circuit are fully solid state. All input modules are also fully solid state. The output
relays are hermetically sealed.
Since the device is almost completely self-monitored, from the measuring inputs to the output
relays, hardware and software defects are automatically detected and reported. The
self-monitoring ensures the high availability of the device and generally allows for a corrective
rather than preventive maintenance strategy. Therefore, maintenance checks in short intervals are
not required.
Operation of the device is automatically blocked when a hardware failure is detected. If a problem
is detected in the external measuring circuits, the device normally only provides alarm messages.

12.1 Appearance Check


The relay case should be clean without any dust stratification. Case cover should be sealed well.
No component has any mechanical damage and distortion, and they should be firmly fixed in the
case. Relay terminals should be in good condition. The keys on the front panel with very good
feeling can be operated flexibly.
It is only allowed to plug or withdraw relay board when the supply is reliably switched off. Never
allow the CT secondary circuit connected to this equipment to be opened while the primary system
is live when withdrawing an AC module. Never try to insert or withdraw the relay board when it is
unnecessary.
Check weld spots on PCB whether they are well soldered without any rosin joint. All dual inline
components must be well plugged.

12.2 Failure Tracing and Repair


Failures will be detected by automatic supervision or regular testing.
When a failure is detected by supervision, a remote alarm is issued and the failure is indicated on
the front panel with LED indicators and LCD display. It is also recorded in the event record.
Failures detected by supervision are traced by checking the Superv Events screen on the LCD.
When a failure is detected during regular testing, confirm the following:

Test circuit connections are correct

Modules are securely inserted in position

Correct power supply voltage is applied

Correct analog inputs are applied

Test procedures comply with those stated in the manual

12.3 Replace Failed Modules


If the failure is identified to be in the relay module and the user has spare modules, the user can
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12 Maintenance

recover the protection by replacing the failed modules.


Repair at the site should be limited to module replacement. Maintenance at the component level is
not recommended.
Check that the replacement module has an identical module name (AI, PWR, MON, DSP, BI, BO,
etc.) and hardware type-form as the removed module. Furthermore, the MON or DSP module
replaced should have the same software version. In addition, the AI module, PWR module, BI
module, IO module and IO module replaced should have the same ratings.
The module name is indicated on the top front of the module. The software version is indicated in
LCD menu Version Info.
CAUTION: When handling a module, take anti-static measures such as wearing an
earthed wrist band and placing modules on an earthed conductive mat. Otherwise, many
of the electronic components could suffer damage. After replacing the MON or DSP
module, check the settings.
1)

Replacing a module

Switch off the power supply

Disconnect the trip outputs

Short circuit all AC current inputs and disconnect all AC voltage inputs

Unscrew the module.


WARNING: Hazardous voltage can be present in the DC circuit just after switching off the
DC power supply. It takes approximately 30 seconds for the voltage to discharge.

2)

Replacing the Human Machine Interface Module (front panel)

Open the relay front panel

Unplug the ribbon cable on the front panel by pushing the catch outside.

Detach the HMI module from the relay

Attach the replacement module in the reverse procedure.

3)

Replacing the AI, PWR, MON, DSP, BI, IO, BO module

Unscrew the module connector

Unplug the connector from the target module.

Unscrew the module.

Pull out the module

Inset the replacement module in the reverser procedure.

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12 Maintenance

After replacing the MON or DSP module, input the application-specific setting values again.
WARNING: Units and modules may only be replaced while the supply is switched off
and only by appropriately trained and qualified personnel. Strictly observe the basic
precautions to guard against electrostatic discharge.
WARNING: When handling a module, take anti-static measures such as wearing an
earthed wrist band and placing modules on an earthed conductive mat. Otherwise,
many of the electronic components could suffer damage. After replacing the MON or
DSP module, check the settings.
DANGER: After replacing modules, be sure to check that the same configuration is set
as before the replacement. If this is not the case, there is a danger of the unintended
operation of switchgear taking place or of protections not functioning correctly. Persons
may also be put in danger.

12.4 Cleaning
Before cleaning the relay, ensure that all AC/DC supplies, current transformer connections are
isolated to prevent any chance of an electric shock whilst cleaning. Use a smooth cloth to clean
the front panel. Do not use abrasive material or detergent chemicals.

12.5 Storage
The spare relay or module should be stored in a dry and clean room. Based on IEC standard
60255-1 the storage temperature should be from -40C to 70C, but the temperature of from 0C
to 40C is recommended for long-term storage.

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13 Decommissioning and Disposal

13 Decommissioning and Disposal


Table of Contents
13.1 Decommissioning ........................................................................................ 13-1
13.1.1 Switching off ...................................................................................................................13-1
13.1.2 Disconnecting Cables .....................................................................................................13-1
13.1.3 Dismantling .....................................................................................................................13-1

13.2 Disposal........................................................................................................ 13-1

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13 Decommissioning and Disposal

13.1 Decommissioning
13.1.1 Switching off
To switch off the PCS-974, switch off the external miniature circuit breaker of the power supply.

13.1.2 Disconnecting Cables


Disconnect the cables in accordance with the rules and recommendations made by relational
department.
DANGER! Before disconnecting the power supply cables that connected with the PWR
module of the PCS-974 make sure that the external miniature circuit breaker of the power
supply is switched off.
DANGER! Before disconnecting the cables that are used to connect analog input module
with the primary CTs, make sure that the primary CTs arent in service.

13.1.3 Dismantling
The PCS-974 rack may now be removed from the system cubicle, after which the cubicles may
also be removed.
DANGER! When the station is in operation, make sure that there is an adequate safety
distance to live parts, especially as dismantling is often performed by unskilled personnel.

13.2 Disposal
In every country there are companies specialized in the proper disposal of electronic waste.
NOTE! Strictly observe all local and national regulations when disposing of the device.

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14 Manual Version History

14 Manual Version History


In the latest version of the instruction manual, several descriptions on existing features have been
modified.
Manual version and modification history records
Manual
Version
Source

New

1.01

2.00

Software
Version

PCS-974FG-R2.00

Date

Description of change

2012.10.17

Add breaker failure protection and pole disagreement


protection.
1.

2.00

2.01

PCS-974FG-R2.00

2013.05.17

Update the Management Function and Mechanical


Specifications in Chapter 2.

2.

Updata the Dimensions of PCS-974 in Chapter 10.

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