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FAR EASTERN UNIVERSITY HIGH SCHOOL Humanities and Social Sciences Department Nicanor Reyes Sr. St., Sampaloc, Manila

FAR EASTERN UNIVERSITY HIGH SCHOOL Humanities and Social Sciences Department

Nicanor Reyes Sr. St., Sampaloc, Manila

CONTEMPORARY PHILIPPINE ARTS FROM THE REGIONS

FAR EASTERN UNIVERSITY HIGH SCHOOL Humanities and Social Sciences Department Nicanor Reyes Sr. St., Sampaloc, Manila

UNIT 2 LESSON 1 (CONTEMPORARY FINE ARTS & PAINTING)

Fine arts require of the artist the mastery of use of material, medium, technique, and craftsmanship. Material designates the physical elements of art, such as paint, stone, clay, or metal. Medium is a characteristic way of using materials for an artistic purpose. In the case of architecture and sculpture, these are considered art genres, not a medium. Technique is a personal way of using a medium or a material. Craftsmanship is the skill of doing what can be done in a medium and the ability to do it.

Zambea artist, Brendale Tadeo, exhibits his talent and skills in technique in his mixed media painting. The frame is shaped like a bubble conversation and the canvas is painted brown on which the figures are painted black. The subject matter reminds us of Leonardo's da Vinci's drawings of flying machine. Pangasinan artist, Joe Datuin, has extreme creative and technical control of his material for sculpture. His knowledge can be done in a medium and the ability to do it best describes his craftsmanship that brought Dancing Rings to fame when it received the grand prize for sculpture at the 2008 Sport and Art Olympic in Beijing, China. Because the materials used for painting are flexible, durable, and inexpensive, painting attracts many temperaments, and because almost any theme can be treated through this genre, painting is the most popular among the fine arts.

Every art-making process is dictated by the artist's style. Style has many meaning. It can mean the art produced in a particular period. It can also refer to the art of a nation or a region within a country. The growth of a single artist's way of working can be referred to as "evolution of style". Style or art, therefore, can be thought of as a group. The uniting element may be visible in the use of the elements of arts or organization of design. As such, style may be discerned not only by how it looks like but also based in the quality of the painting.

FAR EASTERN UNIVERSITY HIGH SCHOOL Humanities and Social Sciences Department Nicanor Reyes Sr. St., Sampaloc, Manila
FAR EASTERN UNIVERSITY HIGH SCHOOL Humanities and Social Sciences Department Nicanor Reyes Sr. St., Sampaloc, Manila

Example: Elmer Borlongan's Driver's Lounge

FAR EASTERN UNIVERSITY HIGH SCHOOL Humanities and Social Sciences Department Nicanor Reyes Sr. St., Sampaloc, Manila

We describe the stylistic tendencies that are manifested in an artwork. Stylistic changes are apparent in stylistic tendencies, which are attributed to the creative inventions of artists working at certain time and in specific places. Pacita Abad developed trapunto painting, a technique of stitching and stuffing her painted canvas to give a three dimensional sculptural effect.

In the case of Brenda Fajardo , she maintains her style in tarot card series through

In the case of Brenda Fajardo, she maintains her style in tarot card series through which she takes local historic and mythical storied and renders them in paintings of contemporary sociopolitical relevance.

There are 4 styles that are based on stylistic tendencies a. OBJECTIVE ACCURACY; b. FORMAL ORDER; c. EMOTION; and d. FANTASY A. THE STYLE OF OBJECTIVE ACCURACY

The Artist as Detached Observer The Artist as Selective Eye
The Artist as Detached Observer
The Artist as Selective Eye

In objective accuracy, the artist can do art by being a detached observer or by

employing a selective eye.

In the case of Brenda Fajardo , she maintains her style in tarot card series through

The artist here presents himself/herself as somebody who selects, arranges, and represents reality without his/her identity revealed.

Cebu artist Jose Mari Picornell exhibits the attitude of objective detachment in his painting. Picornell's thick and brightly colored hues enliven the old houses.

He/She must "know" the subject as well as "see" its surface as empty rather than simple and significant. Every work represents the end result of a process of observation and simplification. Cebu artist Felix Catarata painted The Laughterwith selective eye. There are 12 happy children, most of them engaged in something productive like painting, playing music and selling while the younger ones are mere observers. What is common is their shared laughter. I AM A SPECTATOR. I DON'T JUDGE. I PAINT. -Felix Catarata

In the case of Brenda Fajardo , she maintains her style in tarot card series through
In the case of Brenda Fajardo , she maintains her style in tarot card series through

DEVICES FOR OBJECTIVE ACCURACY How does one achieve objective accuracy?

  • 1. Correct drawing

  • 2. Control

  • 3. Focus

  • 4. Color

  • 5. Perspective

1. CORRECT DRAWING is the most common device. It takes mastery acquired through formal studies and serious practice to make beautiful artworks. Learning how to draw accurately teaches the artists to see and to understand what he/she is looking at. You must learn to distinguish between imitation of surfaces and informed representation.

In

Marvin

Natural's

Remembering

Past

Mistakes,

the

artist

In the case of Brenda Fajardo , she maintains her style in tarot card series through

shows the human figure in correct proportion.

2. The artist's CONTROL and handling of illumination helps in creating realistic images. The amount of light an objective receives, the shapes of its shadows, the transition from light to shadow, the source of light these are what artists learn to observe and control the medium that they use.

2. The artist's CONTROL and handling of illumination helps in creating realistic images. The amount of

Jericho Vamenta exhibits skillful control of illumination as seen in his Katuparan ng Hiling ni Elena,done in sgraffito technique. Sgraffito is produced by applying layers of plaster tinted in contrasting colors to a moistened surface.

2. The artist's CONTROL and handling of illumination helps in creating realistic images. The amount of
3. FOCUS is achieved through sharpness or softness, distinctive or vagueness of form and counter. and
3.
FOCUS
is
achieved
through
sharpness
or
softness,
distinctive or vagueness
of
form
and counter.
and
trees
in
the
Color
is
rich
in

In Santiago Bose's Carnivores of Session Road we see

several elements in the pictorial frame: a collage of buildings,

human beings, McDonald's mascot, cars, background.

2. The artist's CONTROL and handling of illumination helps in creating realistic images. The amount of

4. Color is a powerful instrument. It is mainly connected with the description of the objects. The color of the objects varies depending on the amount and source of light they receive and on their location in space.

Imelda Cajipe Endaya's

Panimula.The dominance of blue, which represents water, is disturbed by the red color, which represents anger between forces. Colors are also used to form brown and white lights that cover the entire frame. The human being on the right side is in its natural color, brown.

5. PERSPECTIVE is the pictorial device that relates to the artist's ability to create the illusion of deep space within the painting.

2. The artist's CONTROL and handling of illumination helps in creating realistic images. The amount of

In Palamy Pe- Tudtud's Mga Pangandoy,we see cranes - the large, long-legged and long-necked birds flying towards one direction: the human heart. The human body appears in the background which is defined by black outline. Life is indicated by the tongues of fire rendered in red with some shades of white. The most prominent in the painting are the cranes flying towards the heart.

2. The artist's CONTROL and handling of illumination helps in creating realistic images. The amount of
  • B. THE STYLE OF FORMAL ORDER

Formal order in contemporary art is associated with stability and permanence. Formal order is exhibited by its qualities: (a) intellectual order, (b) biomorphic order, and (c) aesthetic order.

  • C. THE STYLE OF EMOTION

Themes of emotion, feeling, and romance are common features in painting. Romanticism and emotion are used in painting when the artist wishes to disclose personal feelings in relations to love. Anxiety and despair in painting express disappointment,

bitterness, disturbances or uncomfortable feelings and often look dark and chaotic. Joy and celebration are displayed through vigorous, uncomplicated approach such as depictions of movement and energy with the visual representation of the sun, sky, air, water and mountains. Brushstrokes are used to express sparkle, freshness, and abundance.

D. THE STYLE OF FANTASY

Fantastic art originates in both logical and irrational mental process, it presents no common set of visual qualities. Fantastic works may be objectively accurate or subjectively distorted. Certain works exhibit a logic based on dreams, Utopian hopes and speculative vision and can be based on myth, fairy tales, folk stories, magic, hybrid man-animal creatures, etc. "Fantastic art thus manipulates illusion and reality."

bitterness, disturbances or uncomfortable feelings and often look dark and chaotic. Joy and celebration are displayed
ELISEO ART SILVA, Filipino mural painter
ELISEO ART SILVA, Filipino mural painter

Illusionism is used in contemporary art to create fantastic images or substitute real objects for the illusionistic treatment of reality. Sulu artist Abdulmari Imao's Sarimanok is an example of fantastic art inspired by the legendary bird of the Maranao.

bitterness, disturbances or uncomfortable feelings and often look dark and chaotic. Joy and celebration are displayed

Eliseo Art Silva’s career in art was fashioned since his birth.

He was christened the name “Art” and was trained by hisx grandfather “who designed the family’s ancestral home and painted murals of idyllic scenes on glass above doorways of their 19 th century two-storey ancestral house.” He received formal training in art at age 11 and was accepted into the Philippine High School for the Arts, the school that specializes in training teenagers in the different art forms.

The mural, Gintong Kasaysayan, Gintong Pamana (A Glorious History, A Golden Legacy), which measures 145 x 25 f., is made of liquitex acrylic paint and nova colors. It is located at the historic Filipino town, Los Angeles, California. The mural was unveiled on June 24, 1995 at a ceremony that featured a typical Filipino fiesta. The mural shows the highlight of Philippine history, traditions, customs and beliefs and people important to the history of Filipino Americans, such as Philip Vera Cruz and Larry Itliong, catalyst of the farmworkers Movement in California.

bitterness, disturbances or uncomfortable feelings and often look dark and chaotic. Joy and celebration are displayed
bitterness, disturbances or uncomfortable feelings and often look dark and chaotic. Joy and celebration are displayed