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DELIVERING RESULTS TOGETHER

In 2013, the UN Country Team (UNCT)


reconfirmed Violence Against Women & Girls
(VAWG) as a high priority issue for One UN in
Mozambique, reacting to the high incidence and
prevalence of the phenomenon and its devastating
effects on women, girls, communities, human
rights and development efforts alike. The INE
demographic and health survey of 2011, reveals
that more than 50% of women have reported to be
victims of physical, sexual or emotional violence,
and that around one-third of the women in
Mozambique was a victim of physical violence
since the age of fifteen. Moreover, the immunity
and acceptance of VAWG remain surprisingly high:
around half of the victims of domestic violence
(48%) has never asked for help and never told
anyone about it (INE, 2013).
Through the Delivering Results Together Initiative,
the UN system committed itself to contribute
improving the policy framework concerning VAWG,
as well strengthening the government and civil
societys ability to provide services in a
coordinated, equitable and inclusive way to victims
of violence.

Reactions of victims of violence


in Mozambique

36%
48%

16%
They have never asked for help and never
told anyone
Did not ask for help but talked to someone
Asked for help

The initiative reinforced the role and efforts of the Joint UN Teams on HIV and AIDS, as well as
the UN Gender Group as a repository or knowledge and catalyzer of gender inclusion and human
rights promotion across national-wide programs and projects.
Aiming to assure a wider impact, the initiative was implemented at a national level (political and
legal frameworks, action plans, budgeting, data collection and analysis), but with a strong
emphasis on the Province of Tete, where actions were taken on service delivery (policy
implementation, legal and judicial awareness) and social mobilization (communicative actions,
trainings).
The Province of Tete is strategic for several reasons. On one hand, the Mozambican government
elected this province to conduct the implementation of The Multisectoral Mechanism for
Integrated Assistance to women victims of violence. On the other hand, there is a need to prevent
the increase of violence against women and girls, as well as HIV/AIDS, associated with the rise
of mining activities and the related temporary presence of migratory workforce in the province.

STRENGTHEN THE GOVERNMENT AND CIVIL SOCIETYS ABILITY TO PROVIDE SERVICES IN A


COORDINATED, EQUITABLE AND INCLUSIVE WAY TO VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE.

Despite Mozambique having achieved progress regarding the alignment of its legal framework with
international norms and patterns, specifically The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of
Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), the Beijing Platform for Action and Convention on the Rights of
the Child (CRC), the development of policies has not been followed with an effective and monitored
implementation.
At the same time, the traditional culture of acceptance and silence towards violence hinders the
effectiveness of top-bottom policies, stressing the need for political literacy in womens organizations and
other actors of the civil society, to establish a dialogue that is participatory, inclusive and capable to set
accountable connections between the central legal framework and plans and the implementation of the
policies in the districts.
Furthermore, it is important to acknowledge the linkage between violence and the high occurrence of
HIV/AIDS in Mozambique. Women and girls have a disproportionately higher risk of contracting HIV, and
have fewer means to face the disease in an economic and socially sustainable way.
Under this perspective, it is clear that a single and coherent answer by the government and the service
providers presents a huge potential in terms of impact.

The DRTF program started in 2015, the year immediately following the general elections. This fact has
created some challenges, such as the need to adapt the activities at central level to the time-length of
establishing a new government, but also brought up opportunities, like the introduction of innovations
with national planning processes and the engagement of new actors in debates on violence, early
marriages, and HIV/AIDS.

1. Support to governmental institutions to develop four National Plans fighting


violence against women and girls, at several levels. The UN system supported all the stages of
the formation of a National Strategy and three National Plans, specifically:
National strategy for preventing and fighting early marriages. The strategy, conducted by the
Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Welfare, and approved by the Council of Ministers, was
officially launched in April 2016. The strategy includes a strong element of communication for
the development and change of behaviours, retention of girls in school, addressing the early
marriage cases, sexual reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmissible diseases and legal
reform. An operation plan for the priority implementation of the strategy in provinces that have a high
prevalence of the phenomenon is currently being finished, and the multisectorial coordination for
decentralized implementation has started.
2015-2019 National Strategic Plan for HIV and AIDS (PEN IV). The UN system has supported the
National Council for the Fight against HIV/AIDS (CNCS) regarding the development of the Plan,
from the previous Plans assessment (PEN III) to the identification of its components: guiding
principles, goals, target groups, priority areas, positive environment and monitoring framework.
The PEN IV was approved in October and launched in December 2015. The text proposed was presented to a
chosen audience in specific National Meetings of dissemination, which saw the participation of the CNCS
provincial Focal Points, civil society organizations, cooperation partners and other actors. There, these had the
opportunity to clear their doubts and obtain a better understanding of the document and its interpretation.
4th National Action Plan for the Advancement of Women 2016 2020 (PNAM). The plan was
developed through a vast process of consultation, encompassing the Technical Council of the
National Council for the Advancement of Women, which includes public sector, Academy, Civil
Society Organizations, private Sector, and with contributions of the Technical Council of
MGCAS. The UN System supported and keeps supporting the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Welfare
(MGCAS) and the National Council for the Advancement of Women (CNAM) in the elaboration of its 4th
PNAM 2016-2020. The plan is an important guiding instrument in order for the sectors to operationalize the
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, the Five-Year Program of the Government of Mozambique and
the Sustainable Development Goals.
2nd National Action Plan for preventing and fighting violence against women 2016-2020
(PNPCVM). The Second Generation of the PNPCVCM is an important instrument of prevention
and reaction to eliminate violence against women, and to assure a culture of non-violence and
non-discrimination. The Plan contributes, among others, to the achievement of the 1st Priority
of the Five-Year Plan of the Mozambican Government (Consolidation of Peace and National Unity and
Sovereignty) and to the Sustainable Development Goals.

2. Awareness and empowerment of women and girls on their own rights and
support for their engagement in the political dialogue
The support given to delineate the Plan aimed to include the voices of civil society entities. The development
of PEN IV in particular has had a detailed process of inclusion of those actors that are more engaged at a
community level in preventing and fighting violence and fighting against HIV and AIDS. The inclusion of these
actors based itself on the work previously carried out by UN Women along with positive women associations.
Through their engagement, it was possible to identify and promote about 13 associations, prevalently
covering the provinces, and transmit their demands and specific needs during the outlining of the Plan.
On the one hand, the process strengthened the literacy and political empowerment of the associations, in
order for them to be effective when presenting their needs; on the other hand, it envisaged the elaboration

of policies based on experiences and skills that those same associations had developed over the years of work
in the districts.

3. Training of members of governmental and non-governmental institutions to


include gender issues, HIV and SSR in the sectorial plans at central, provincial and
district levels
To ensure effectiveness in the application of legislation, the project partners (UN Women, UNICEF, UNAIDS
and UNFPA) supported the training of key sectors on integration and budgeting, regarding gender
perspective and the inclusion of sexual and reproductive health rights in their plans and budgets. The
beneficiaries of such measured included the CNCS, key ministries and Civil Society Organizations. These
institutions enhanced their own capacity to deal with governance and strategic planning issues, particularly
in reducing barriers that prevent access to services. It is worth mentioning the training on the job of 27
MGCAS and INAS employees.

Representativeness.

Decentralization.

Mozambicanization of
change.

The joint advocacy for the


reception of the instances
of
grassroots
actors
proved
to
be
an
empowering initiative in
itself, in primis for the
entities involved, but also
towards strengthening a
participatory
policy
mechanism that can
effectively reach the
provincial and local levels.

Promoting
relevant
and
sustainable changes in to the
fight against violence and
HIV/AIDS
demands
widereaching
interventions
throughout
the
national
territory,
capitalizing
on
synergies and current skills at
district
level,
and
thus
guaranteeing acceptance and
application
of
developed
legislation.

It is vital that the efforts to put an


end to violence against women and
to stop HIV/AIDS be carried out by
Mozambican institutions, partners
and
people.
This
implies
contributing to the empowerment
and the ownership of the results for
all national partners, as well as
systematically considering the
multicultural dimension of the
Mozambican reality during their
planning, implementation and
communication phases.

Despite the progress made in the fight against Violence and HIV/AIDS, several challenges remain.
1. Although national legislation regarding Violence against women and the fight against HIV/AIDS is
relatively progressive, law implementation faces numerous gaps and challenges, particularly in rural
areas and in the more isolated districts. To increase the access of women and girls to safety and justice,
in a near future it will be vital to continue to the work of dissemination and capacity building of the
organs that are accountable for law implementation.
2. It is important to reinforce the participation of the civil society in the nations political processes, with
special attention given to the most vulnerable groups like women. Despite their critical role when it
comes to providing services, the womens associations are systematically absent from the decisionmaking process and are excluded from the platforms of debate at national level. Policy makers need to
take into consideration their demands and advocate for the inclusion of their priorities in the
development plans.

The positive womens associations are community


organizations created with the goal to provide support
and solidarity to their own members and to other
people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. Most
associations are not legally constituted, a fact that
generates challenges for their access to resources and
opportunities.
The positive women are moved by the ambition to
provide support to people who live with HIV, and
tirelessly seek opportunities to reach their goals. A
positive woman of the province of Maputo said: when
I help a fellow citizen who is affected by HIV and AIDS,
my CD4 goes up1.

I started involving myself in the activities in 2012, when UN


Women began to map the Positive Womens associations in
the country. Our association was also mapped. Looking back
at that time, our association had nothing, no knowledge
whatsoever. Now we begin to have a voice and advocate for
laws that help us.

Positive women are essential actors who have a role in


the fight against HIV and AIDS. Their efforts in
preventing new infections, mitigating the suffering of
those infected and affected, in promoting access and continuity of treatments, and advocating for a dignified
life are all equally crucial for the success of the national response to HIV and AIDS.

Despite this critical role, the positive womens associations are systematically absent from the decisionmaking processes and platforms, both at local and national levels, where they can present their needs and
support the inclusion of their priorities in the development plans.

1) In a context where initiation rites and early


marriages are significant risks, the PEN IV envisages
prevention programs for female adolescents starting
at the age of 10.
2) PEN IV includes in tis goals the elimination of the
negative impacts of stigma and discrimination
against people affected by HIV/AIDS, thus ensuring
the legal and human rights of the citizens,
particularly the most marginalized groups such as
women and girls.

The DRT-F initiative has started to change


such scenario, involving them critical in
meetings both at local and national levels,
giving voice to their instances, welcoming and
re-presenting their valuable inputs.
The government officials and the
development partners present at the national
meeting to validate PEN IV felt the heated
debates brought by positive women, and
publicly declared the need to continue
engaging in the implementation and
monitoring interventions of national
response.

CD4 cells are white cells that help protect the body from infections. The higher the CD4 count, the better the
body is able to fight HIV

ENHANCING THE CAPACITY OF PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS TO PROVIDE INTEGRATED PREVENTION


AND ASSISTANCE SERVICES FOR WOMEN AND GIRLS VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE, INVOLVING POLICE,
SOCIAL ACTION, HEALTH AND JUSTICE IN AN INTEGRATED WAY

Violence against women and girls is a blatant violation of human rights, with multiple impacts in the short
and long term, that exceed the physical damage to womens bodies. Violence has serious implications for the
victims mental and sexual health, for womens welfare, and on the way they educate their children. Its
impacts reach different sectors and areas, negatively affecting not only the victims, but also their families,
communities, and ultimately the provincial and national budgets.
At the same time it is possible to identify a growing trend in the reporting of violence cases. According to data
provided by the Ministry of Interior, police reports regarding cases of violence have increased ten times
between 2006 and 2011.
THE SOCIOECONOMIC COSTS OF VIOLENCE IN THE CITIES OF
To react to violences multisectorial nature
MAPUTO, MATOLA, NAMPULA AND BEIRA, BETWEEN 2005 AND
and to the victims needs, since 2012 the
2008 (IN METICAIS)
Ministry of Gender, Children and Social
welfare has been leading the development
of the Multisectorial Mechanism for
Justice
Integrated Assistance to Women Victims of
7.557.481
Violence, which is part of the Ministry of
Health
Interior, the Ministry of Health and the
35.639.784
Ministry of Justice, and has the support of
Social
action
Civil Society.
1.017.597
The Mechanism aims to coordinate and
standardize the support services and
protection of victims of violence. Such
According to a study of UEM, the economic costs of violence
services are provided by the Integrated
piled up to more than 44 million Meticais in the selected cities
and period. Data refer only to reported cases.
Service Centers (CAI) for victims of violence

and by the official ministerial sectors of police, health, justice and social action. The goal of the Mechanism is
to ensure that victims of violence are given a prompt answer to their case in one same location, when
possible, therefore ensuring secrecy and discretion regarding their situation. However, of more than 150
districts in the country, only 12 Centers have been established, of which merely 8 function accordingly to the
mechanism protocols.
To follow the establishment and proper functioning of the CAIs, it is necessary to provide technical assistance
and mobilize resources to all the responsible working bodies of the Mechanism.

1. Technical empowerment and supply of materials for the institutions of


the Mechanism for Integrated Assistance
To fill the gaps in the service capacity of the CAIs, the UN
system engaged in capacity building interventions for the
Centers, in a process lead by MGCAS and implemented in
collaboration with the three Ministries.
The mapping of the assistance services for victims of
violence, as well as the systematization of the CAI and
ministerial data, revealed the need to focus on the
training of the technical teams that are responsible for the
Mechanisms implementation.
The trainings aimed at disseminating the sectorial
protocols, but also at catalyzing a process of interministerial collaboration to provide a unique and
Women and men wait at the Tete Integrated Service Center
coherent service.
In this sense, the training allowed to pilot the Single Record, a standardized service process which aims to
improve the compatibility among the activities of each sector, improve reliability of reported data, and avoid
re-victimization of victims during the assistance process. To ensure ownership of the process, the training
actions were developed in a participative and responsive manner, which included womens associations and
civil society organizations as well, to communicate and disseminate the Mechanisms services in the districts.
Under this perspective, the training allowed to perform a qualitative measurement of the state of assistance
to victims, identifying challenges and good practices to be disseminated at the national level.
Following this process, the Single Record was reviewed by participant beneficiaries from Tete (CAI technicians
and provincial gender focal points of the ministries involved), recommending changes that were posteriorly
shared with provincial directions and national gender focal points.

2. Empowerment for activists and other service providers


The service delivery is strictly linked with the activities of institutions and organizations which operate outside
of the CAIs scope. The community organizations and the civil society associations, as well as the polices
district points, are the first to collect reports of crimes of violence, and the firsts to forward the cases to the
Integrated Service Centers.
Because of that, capacity building was not limited to those who are institutionally responsible. Instead, it
included civil society representatives, as well as the national CSO Frum Mulher and the positive womens
associations, representatives of parliamentary organizations and district police commanders.

The training actions included crosscutting themes regarding assistance to victims of violence, such as
advocacy, early marriages, and Sexual and Reproductive rights. The activities of support included holding the
4th Provincial Conference on Women and Gender, an event that allowed to assess the implementation status
of the recommendations of the 3rd Conference and the support given to the implementation of strategy on
early marriages.
Worth noting, the phone line to fight violence against children Linha Fala Criana also received technical
and financial support, with its own national reach increasing by 55% (from 106,011 to about 190,000 calls).

3. Training of police officers on gender-based violence in the Practical


School of Matalane and the Academy of Police Science (ACIPOL).
A specific training was dedicated to police forces, who are often the first to get in touch with cases of violence,
and therefore crucial in fighting, reporting and registering them. Around 600 police officers were trained in
matters of women and childrens human rights.
Thanks to this support, it was possible to record an improvement towards the service provided to users,
enhanced by an increase in the number of cabinets and sections for the assistance to family and minors at
the national level, that reached 277 unities at the national level.

Multisectoriality.

Access to empowerment as
a value in itself.

An educated and organized


civil society makes all the
difference.

The response given to the


multifaceted problems of
violence and HIV/AIDS
needs to be multifaceted
and coherent at the same
time. Thus, it is crucial to
coordinate
the
efforts
involving the widest range of
actors
possible.
Good
practices of cooperation
already in place should be
reinforced and extended to
other partners, particularly in
civil society.

More than the technical and


structural support regarding
the implementation of the
protocols itself, the partners
underlined the added value of
being able to establish a
relationship
with
several
external experiences and
partners; reaching the whole
hierarchy of the Mechanism
and different sectors. The
connection with model service
centers and the exchange of
experiences between districts
proved to be a value in itself.

Civil society is responsible for


crucial services, such as first
assistance, communiting between
institutions and victims, and
granting much needed solidarity
to affected women. The training
actions allowed to expose and
promote
such
role.
The
sociological deconstruction of the
phenomenon of violence can and
must
go
through
the
empowerment of these bodies, in
order for them to express their
own needs and instances.

1. Collect, organize and provide contextualized data on the cases of violence is the first step to inform
proper and effective answers, starting with public policies. Despite this, the data relative to genderbased violence are incomplete and outdated. It is therefore necessary to promote research, data
collection and statistical elaborations, as well as measures to disseminate results.
2. It is essential to extend the integrated assistance to all districts. This means mobilizing resources and
political support for 700 million of MZN1, and at the same time increasing the efficiency in disseminating
of knowledge throughout the Mechanism of Assistance.
3. In the process of service extension, it will be vital to take in consideration the needs of the service
providers that belong to civil society, which implies empowerment in advocacy and the construction of
spaces for a public and informed debate. Community associations, NGOs and activists need to be
included in the process.

One of the problems related to the culture of silence and impunity about violence is related to the difficulty
for victims to report the cases. Even when they have the courage to do it, the victims who seek help end up
finding an institutional system that is inaccessible, non-inclusive and not immediately understandable. Paired
with the social and cultural stigma against victims of violence, particularly sexual violence, this fact promotes
the re-victimization of women, girls and boys who denounce violence.
Often, the victims need medical care, psychological aid, legal counseling, and a safe place to stay. But in
reality, after the occurrence of violence many of them find themselves bouncing from one service to another
(ex. from the health center to the police) having to tell the same story several times in the process.
The Integrated Assistance Centre of Tete is the center where victims of violence can access the range of
services that they need, in an integral way.
According to Ancha Iassine Omar, the technician of IPAJ related to CAI, the DRT F initiative allowed the
structure to take massive steps forward: [before the project]
this work wasnt coordinated with other sectors, each
individual was working based on the internal procedures of his
institution. [] Now we have verified an increase in the search
for services and in the number of reports, meaning that half of
the path is already concluded towards the intended goal.
The multisectorial team provided a better understanding of the
protocols, of their functioning and the mechanisms structure
itself, says Assistance Specialist, Zeferina Isac. However, there
is still a major need to practice even more in order to have a
better understanding of the Mechanisms flow, as a way to
provide better services to the victim and to avoid her
victimization.
1

Tetes center allows victims to access integrated


services in a safe and discrete manner

More than 10 million USD at the time of writing. Data from UNICEF and MINT (2013)

FACILITATING CHANGES IN MINDSETS AND BEHAVIOR THROUGH SOCIAL MOBILIZATION

In Mozambique, as in the world, violence against women


and girls, in all its forms, is a sociological phenomenon
which has its roots in the constructions of gender, and
reinforces itself in the relationships developed by people
day by day. Traditional gender roles are not only the main
cause of the persistence of discrimination and violence,
but they are also responsible for their normalization.
Moreover, the high levels of cultural acceptance of
violence in Mozambique lead to a minimum number of
reports, particularly those that are related to sexual
violence. In this perspective, gender constructions
contribute to impunity, notably in situations where the
perpetrators are people who are close to the victims
(relatives, teachers or neighbors) and therefore tend to
cover up the abuse.
To deconstruct the concepts of gender, and the
normalization of violence in all its implications, it is vital to
put an end to silence. This is possible through the
establishment of a public and widespread debate, in
which people can identify preconceptions, come to an
understanding of the problem itself, consider and discuss
ideas, and engage in dialogue with their families,
communities, and also at national level.

Alunos participam na mobilizao das escolas em Tete

Violence impairs future generations,


imposing an environment of unstable
emotional relationships. It limits
opportunities for children whose mothers are
victims of violence. To aggravate the
problem, the impunity of todays violence
reinforces the notion that such phenomenon
is normal, and perpetuates the violence
among men and women of the future.

To empower the aforementioned dialogue, the project aimed at triggering social communication processes
between all the actors involved: beneficiaries of the Mechanism of assistance, assistance workers, policymakers, schools, communities, civil society organizations. Each act of communication was adapted to
specific audiences, in order to give voice to their addressees.
The adopted communicational strategies belong to the Communication for Behavioral Change, aiming to
bring changes in behavior at the individual level and, cumulatively, at social level. As such, activities
included social mobilization, peer education and interventions in the social networks, social marketing,
education with entertainment and community awareness. In detail:

1. Production and dissemination of information on gender-based violence, victim


assistance, early marriages, health promotion, education and prevention of
violence, reproductive and sexual health, HIV and AIDS
The project was held accountable for the production of information materials in several channels. The
initiative produced movies (What men can do; What Women can do and stop the violence at Home),
flipcharts, a radio spot, fact sheets on Violence and Sexual Reproductive Rights, law brochures on Domestic
Violence against Women (the law 29/2009) and on the Multisectoral Mechanism for Integrated Assistance
to women victims of violence, as well as leaflets on sexual violence and support methodologies for violence
victims. It also produced The SAVE manual, to raise awareness among young people in order for them to
make interventions in their religious groups and to become activists for change among their communities.
All these materials were also distributed at assistance centers, at womens associations, communities,
through community leaders, and schools.
Within the initiative Tolerance for Violence against Children, guides about the prevention of violence in school
were also produced and distributed at schools, for teachers and students. Ultimately, the radio soap opera Ouro
Negro, which has specific episodes on violence against children, was played on radio stations in the province of
Tete.

2. Advocacy and awareness during national and international celebrations and


through the organization of ad hoc events
By being aware of the significance of public events, such as moments of national and community aggregation,
the UN system took advantage of public recurrences to reinforce its messages and to give further impetus to
the debate on Violence. It also organized some ad hoc events. The events saw the participation of the UN in
the International Womens Day, Mozambican Womens Day, International Day of the Girl, 16 Days of Activism
Against Gender Violence, among others. Mobilization tools included a march, public service fairs for women,
a Road Show, conferences, and a music concert.

3. Awareness and mobilization campaigns in schools and communities, involving


opinion leaders such as traditional and religious leaders
The activities of social mobilization aimed to engage the population by leveraging on social and educational
institutes at the community level, particularly engaging with schools and community/traditional leaderships.
Regarding the latter, the leaders included women and men who officially exercise such role, but also those
who have some kind of influence upon the community religious leaders, healers, etc. The project carried
out mobilization sessions to inform, mobilize and raise awareness among community leaders in order to have
them contributing to prevention and to properly address cases of violence in their own communities. Their
awareness about the processes of public assistance to victims of violence, including the Mechanism for
Integrated Assistance, was also enhanced.

As for the activities performed in school, the project organized


mobilization sessions of two/three days, in which male and female
students (8th to 10th grade) were primarily invited to discuss issues
related to violence against girls and boys, empowerment of girls
and equal opportunities. There, the same students were exposed
to some solutions to the problems previously discussed; explaining
the rights that girls have, and sharing suggestions on how to handle
cases of violence and/or abuse, suffered by both girls and boys.

More than half of girls are married before


the age of 18. 70% of school-age girls are
An
awareness
a school inhave
Tete
familiar
withraising
casesinitiative
whereinteachers
had sex with girls in exchange for better
marks (Ministry of Education, 2009).

Those sessions were backed by the distribution of over 58,000


guides on violence, developed under the scope of the Zero
Tolerance initiative, as well as 7,000 copies of Statistical Analysis on
early marriages and pregnancies, in English and Portuguese.

The mobilizations had their zenith with the definition and


presentation of an Agenda for Action, a document produced by
male and female students of each school, addressed to their
respective school boards, parents, guardians, and community
leaders. The Agendas also define the commitment of those students towards violence.
Finally, with the support of the Ministry of Education, the project organized the National Student Meeting,
attended by representatives of all provinces (two female students and two male students from each
province) accompanied by the provinces gender coordinators, gender focal points of the central organ,
representatives of some of the Boards of the MINEDH and cooperation partners.

Efficiency of communication.

Communication and social


awareness action show high
efficiencies in their ability to
influence behavioral changes,
since they allow to reach large
numbers of people at a relatively
low cost. Public events, if
accompanied
by
mass
communication actions such as
concerts and marches, represent
opportunities to reach a broader
audience, thus creating the
critical mass needed to influence
the public debate, at all levels.

Perpetrators of violence
should be included as
targets of
communicative actions.
The
normalization
of
violence is an element that
should
also
be
deconstructed in mens
mindset, whether they are
adults or boys. For
prevention to be effective,
social mobilization activities
cannot be limited to
assistance and solidarity to
victims; they must bring
potential perpetrators to
acknowledge violence as
such.

Adequacy of the message.

Actions of social mobilization in


schools and communities should
take into account the peculiar
aspects of local contexts, such as
the use of the local language and
the level of education of the
audiences involved. To ensure the
participation of the beneficiaries,
one must pay special attention to
cultural
constraints
in
communication,
which
are
commonplace in that specific
community (e.g. What are the
issues that can be properly
discussed between men and
women?)

1. To ensure the stability of the impacts previously achieved, whilst extending them to a broader audience, it
is necessary to intensify the communication efforts in the near future, establishing mechanisms to monitor
the commitments that were made to the public, and assessing the implementation of their Agendas of
Action.
2. Many women and men, especially those living in less accessible rural districts, continue not having
access to information and awareness on the issues of violence. It is essential to universalize campaigns
that are adequate change tools for all, and that include the rural world.
3. The spread of mobile phones and online communication tools is still a huge potential that needs to be
explored in Mozambique. In the future, it will be vital to take advantage of those tools to spread
messages, to educate people and to influence the public debate.

Fernanda1 is one of 50 girls aged between 14 and 16 who was involved in the mobilization initiative in the
secondary school of Tete. Her parents are separated, and she lives with her mother and two younger siblings.
Her father, who lives away from home, hardly ever cared about his childrens support. As a result, Fernandas
mother struggled to sustain her family by herself.
In September 2015, Fernandas school was involved in a social mobilization activity held by the DRT-F initiative
in schools. After about a month from the training, the girl came into contact with the UN Womens team for
assistance. Immediately, she showed interest in denouncing her father for patrimonial violence, as she had
heard during training. In accordance with the illustrated protocol, the UN Womens staff sent the girl to the
Integrated Service Center (CAI) of Tete.
After taking into consideration her case, the officials of CAI invited Fernandas father to further explain the
situation. They detailed his legal and economic obligations towards the support of his children and ex-wife,
and invited him to respect them.
Now aware of his wrong actions, Fernands father finally committed himself to contribute to his familys
economy.
Today, Fernanda can access a bank account where her
father monthly deposits a share, in the name of his
daughter and sons. In addition, Fernandas father pays the
rent of his familys house and helps with other expenses.
With the support of this initiative, Fernanda was able to
raise attention for an unfair situation, and she found the
courage to act.
But she is just one among millions of girls who live similar
situations. Many others are yet to be aware of their own
rights, or just need the gather courage to denounce.

O nome fictcio

COORDINATING UN AGENCIES TO PROVIDE MORE SYNERGIC AND INTEGRATED SUPPORT TO


NATIONAL POLICIES ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS.

With the approval of the Sustainable Development Goals, there is a growing recognition of the
importance of promoting legislation and national policies in line with international standards, as well as
to ensure that countries have the capacity to effectively implement such policies, reflecting globally
recognized standards and good practices. In this sense, the DRT-F initiative Elimination of Violence
against Women and Girls in Mozambique secured the possibility to carry out political efforts to counter
violence against women and girls, leveraging on the know how of several UN agencies.
The initiative involved four agencies: UN Women (coordinator), UNFPA, UNICEF and UNAIDS. The
program dealt with the multifaceted nature of violence, covering aspects such as the provision of
technical support on the integration of international policies with the national legislation and action
plans, the support in implementing national policies at the local level, the strengthening and training of
civil servants, sensitization of among communities and population on behaviors related to gender-based
violence, along with its prevention and response.

To ensure synergy when implementing the program, the four agencies involved implemented coordinative
measures from the planning stage to the final assessment.
The projects design was developed jointly, refining a common theory of change and assigning different roles
to each agency, according to their expertise. After being approved by the UN team, the project was
operationalized through an annual plan of action, which included the indicators, activities and outcomes of
each policy initiative.
The implementation stage was managed by a projects steering committee, specially created to coordinate
efforts and oversee activities. The committee was led by the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Welfare
(MGCAS), with the support of the UN Women and the Resident Coordinators office. The committee
comprised representatives of the government (the aforementioned MGCAS, Ministry of Education and
Human Development, Ministry of the Interior, the National Council to Combat AIDS, the Office of the
Governor of the province of Tete), the CSO Frum Mulher (in representation of the countrys Women
Organizations), and five UN entities (UN Women; UNAIDS; UNICEF; UNFPA and the Resident Coordinators
office).

The committee set a schedule based on quarterly meetings, and four times: three throughout 2015 in March,
September and November, and once in 2016, in June.
The steering committees works endeavors ensured a proper planning, coordination and communication
among project partners, and provided guidance for the implementation of the project. The main problem
reported by the participants was the projects limited time of implementation, due to the change of
government and the subsequent delay in the assumption of office by the new government official. This was
often aggravated conflicting schedules between the project and the institutions involved in it. The committee
reacted by providing specific guidelines to speed up the pace of implementation throughout the year, which
culminated in the decision to request a 6-month no cost extension.
In the final stage of assessment, the committee highlighted the importance of measuring the achieved
progresses in terms of coordination, being it among agencies and among agencies and other institutions. It
also underlined the importance to consolidate the base of knowledge on the most effective strategies to face
violence against women, and to provide guidance on the design and implementation of projects in line with
UNDAF and national development policies.

Improved coherence of the UN. The joint development of the National Strategic Plans and the support
that was given to the implementation of the Multisectoral Mechanism for Integrated Assistance to
victims of violence reconfirmed UNs coherence at national and local levels. The United Nations
system presented itself as a united front, using the competitive advantages of each agency.
Improved integration of policies. Under the leadership of MGCAS, the DRT-F initiative supported the
implementation of an inter-ministerial policy to combat violence against women, in its multiple forms.
The support allowed the opportunity to explore synergies and complementarities in a crosscutting
way, between sectors and administrative levels.
Improved capacity of national partners to integrate policies. The initiative, in its complexity, was
conducted to increase the capacity of the entities involved to fight and prevent violence against
women and girls, as well as to develop a national ownership of the implemented solutions.

Division of roles.

Extension of partnerships
outside the UN system.

Long-term thinking.

Specialization and networking were


the elements that shaped the
greater contributions to the
initiatives coordination, both
among UN agencies and other
actors. The initiative confirmed that
exploiting
the
competitive
advantages of each actor is a good
practice, one that generates visible
results, and one that should be
strengthened and replicated.

The same mechanism generates


virtuous synergies when applied
outside of the UN system.
Partnerships with governmental
and
non-governmental
institutions on the coordination
of joint projects should be seen as
an added value and an
opportunity to share experience
and good management practices.

It takes time to integrate


practices of coordination in the
national processes and in the
UN system. Thus, the political
initiatives led under the DRT F
need to fit into long-term
processes of change, to ensure
the continuity, sustainability
and ownership of the good
practices already in place.