Sie sind auf Seite 1von 4

IJSTE - International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering | Volume 2 | Issue 11 | May 2016

ISSN (online): 2349-784X

Experimental Investigation on the Performance


of Diesel Engine Fuelled with Natural Gas
(CNG)-Diesel on HCCI Mode
Pawan Kishore Jha
PG Student
Department of Automobile Engineering
L D college of engineering, Ahmedabad

Prof. Vivek G. Trivedi


Assistant Professor
Department of Automobile Engineering
L D college of engineering, Ahmedabad

Nejal N. Patel
PG Student
Department of Automobile Engineering
L D college of engineering, Ahmedabad

Prof Shyam K. Dabhi


Assistant Professor
Department of Automobile Engineering
L D college of engineering, Ahmedabad

Abstract
Alternate fuels have been used to fulfil the demand of fuel for engines used at various fields and also due to the decreasing
petroleum fuel resources. Moreover the very low emissions norms have led to the experimentation, analysis and optimization of
operating parameters of the engines run with these alternate fuels. Optimization of operating parameters to suit these alternate fuels
have led to various new combustion techniques and one of these is HCCI. HCCI technique is a promising combustion mode with
high efficiency and low emissions of NOx and PM. This experiments objective is to analyse the working of a single cylinder
diesel engine under HCCI combustion mode using Natural Gas (CNG), renewable fuel widely available from the agricultural
wastes. The analysis is done on the performance of the engine with the different rate of HCCI. The engine is run at its conventional
mode and at HCCI mode with both Diesel HCCI and also CNG HCCI.
Keywords: HCCI, INJECTION TIME, DIESEL HCCI, GNG HCCI
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
I.

INTRODUCTION

HCCI - Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition:


HCCI engines are operated with the compression ignition of homogeneous charge formed by premixed air and fuel mixtures
through early injection onto the hot surface of a heated chamber known to be the vaporizer.
HCCI has the following advantages,
High efficiency.
Low NOx.
Low particulate matter (smoke).
Ability to operate on a variety of fuels
Low exhaust temperature.
The main challenge during use of HCCI is to overcome the lack of controls for the combustion process. Hence a complete
electronic control system is needed in case for effective adaption of HCCI technique.

Fig. 1: Basic HCCI concept

All rights reserved by www.ijste.org

396

Experimental Investigation on the Performance of Diesel Engine Fuelled with Natural Gas (CNG)-Diesel on HCCI Mode
(IJSTE/ Volume 2 / Issue 11 / 071)

II. OBJECTIVES

To modify of a single cylinder diesel engine run in to HCCI mode fueled with Diesel and Gaseous-fuel.
To study effect of the gaseous-fuel on performance parameters like brake thermal efficiency, brake specific fuel consumption
and emission etc. with HCCI mode of working. 3
To study the emission parameters mainly exhaust parameters like hydrocarbon emission, oxides of carbon (CO & CO2) and
oxides of nitrogen (NOx) by running engine rate of HCCI mode with gaseous-fuel.
Optimization (from graph) of the results attained from the experiment using conventional diesel and also gaseous fuel.

Fig. 2: Properties of Diesel and CNG

Engine Specification

Fig. 3: Engine specification

All rights reserved by www.ijste.org

397

Experimental Investigation on the Performance of Diesel Engine Fuelled with Natural Gas (CNG)-Diesel on HCCI Mode
(IJSTE/ Volume 2 / Issue 11 / 071)

III. EXPERIMENTAL SET UP

Fig. 4: Experimental set up

IV. RESULT AND CONCLUSION

Fig. 5: effect of HCCI on CO2 emissions

All rights reserved by www.ijste.org

398

Experimental Investigation on the Performance of Diesel Engine Fuelled with Natural Gas (CNG)-Diesel on HCCI Mode
(IJSTE/ Volume 2 / Issue 11 / 071)

Fig. 6: Effect of HCCI on NOx emissions

NOx emission reduces considerably with increases in %HCCI.


The emissions like HC and CO increases.CO emission is higher only at low loads. At nearly rated load, the
CO emission rise is lowest
The Volumetric efficiency is reduced as %HCCI increases.
The observations lead to the conclusion that 50% HCCI leads to lowest emissions and highest engine performance
compared to conventional diesel engine.
V. FUTURE SCOPE

Usage of alternative fuels such as LPG, biogas and other bio fuels to achieve reduction of emission.
Vaporization can also be achieved by using a proper heat exchanger using the heat carried by the exhaust gas.
Achieving 100% HCCI by altering and controlling combustion parameter.
Adaptation of HCCI technique in multi-cylinder engine.
Usage of HHO gas kit to assist the combustion in the cylinder
REFERENCES

[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]

Hua Zhao, HCCI and CAI engine for the automobile industry, Woodhead publishing Ltd. Cambridge England,2007,page no.3-7.
Diesel emission and their control W. Addy Majewski and Magdi K Khair. SAE international 2006, page no. 105-116.
S S Thepse Alternative fuel concepts, Technology and Development JAICO publication house, INDIA, page no. 204-208.
Lei Shi_, Yi Cui, Kangyao Deng, Haiyong Peng, Yuanyuan Chen present on Study of low emission homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI)
engine using combined internal and external exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). Elsevier, Energy 31 ,2006, page no. 26652676.
M. Ghazikhani, M. R. Kalateh, Y. K. Toroghi, and M. Dehnavi present on An Experimental Study on the Effect of EGR and Engine Speed on CO and HC
Emissions of Dual Fuel HCCI., World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 52, 2009.
C N Pratheeba and Preeti Aghalayam present on Effect of Exhaust Gas Recirculation in NOx control for Compression Ignition and Homogeneous Charge
Compression Ignition engines., Elsevier Ltd. Energy Procedia 66 , 2015, page no. 25 28.
P. V. Ramana, Dr. D. Maheswar, Dr. B. UmaMaheswar Gowd present on Effect of EGR on HCCI engine with hydrogen as a fuel. International Journal of
Advanced Research, Vol. 2 | No. 1 | January 2013.

All rights reserved by www.ijste.org

399