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EXERCISE # 1

Track
Questions
based on

Q.1

40 m/s

A point moves along a circle with velocity


v = at where a = 0.5 m/sec2. Then the total
acceleration of the point at the moment when
it covered (1/10)th of the circle after
beginning of motion-

Q.2

30 m
30
T.V Camera

(A) 0.5 m/sec2

(B) 0.6 m/sec2

(A) 4/3 rad/sec

(B) 3/4 rad/sec

(C) 0.7 m/sec2

(D) 0.8 m/sec2

(C) 8/3 3 rad/sec

(D) 1 rad/sec

Angular position of a line of a disc of radius

Q.6

r = 6 cm is given by = 10 5t + 4t2 rad. the


average angular speed between 1 and 3 s is-

Q.3

(A) rad/s

(B) 11 rad/s

(C) 22 rad/s

(D) 5.5 rad/s

Questions
based on

Two moving particles P and Q are 10 m apart


at a certain instant. The velocity of P is 8m/s
making an angle 30 with the line joining P
and Q and that of Q is 6m/s making an angle
30 with PQ as shown in the figure. Then
angular velocity of P with respect to Q is6 m/s

A car is moving in a circular path of radius


500m with a speed of 30m/sec. If its speed is

10 m

increasing at the rate of 2m/sec2, the resultant


acceleration will be -

(A) 2 m/sec2

8 m/s
(A) Zero
(C) 0.4 rad/sec

(C) 2.7
Q.4

car

Kinematics of circular motion

m/sec2

(B) 2.5 m/sec2


(D) 4

m/sec2

An electric fan has blades of length 30 cm as


measured from the axis of rotation. If the fan
is rotating at 1200 r.p.m. The acceleration of
a point on the tip of the blade is about(A) 1600 m/sec2

(B) 4740 m/sec2

(C) 2370 m/sec2

(D) 5055 m/sec2

Questions
based on

Q.7

General motion along curved path

30

30
Q

(B) 0.1 rad/sec


(D) 0.7 rad/sec

Dynamics of circular motion


A particle of mass m is fixed to one end of a
light spring of force constant k and
unstretched length . The system is rotated
about the other end of the spring with an
angular velocity , in gravity free space. The
increase in length of the spring will be

k
Q.5

A racing car is travelling along a track at a


constant speed of 40 m/s. A T.V. camera men
is recording the event from a distance of 30m
directly away from the track as shown in
figure. In order to keep the car under view in
the position shown, the angular speed with
which the camera should be rotated, is-

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(A)

m2
k

(B)

(C)

m2
k m2

(D) None of these

m2
k m2

CIRCULAR MOTION

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Q.8

A railway track is banked for a speed v, by


making the height of the outer rail (h) higher
than that of the inner rail. The distance
between the rails is d. The radius of curvature
of the track is r(A)

mv2
towards centre
R
mv2
(B)
away from centre
R
mv2
(C)
along tangent
R
(D) zero

(A)

h v2
=
d rg

h v2

(B) tan sin 1 =


d rg

2
h v
(C) tan1 =
d rg

(D)

move in a circle of radius r with a uniform


speed v. The centrifugal force on it is-

Q.12

h v2
=
r dg

A car moves at a constant speed on a road as


shown in figure. The normal force by the
road on the car is NA and NB when it is at the
points A and B A

Q.9

The tube AC forms a quarter circle in a


vertical plane. The ball B has an area of
cross-section slightly smaller than that of the
tube, and can move without friction through
it. B is placed at A and displaced slightly. It
willA
B

(A) NA = NB
(B) NA > NB
(C) NA < NB
(D) insufficient information
Q.13

C
(A) always be in contact with the inner wall
of the tube
(B) always be in contact with the outer wall
of the tube
(C) initially be in contact with the inner wall
and later with the outer wall
(D) initially be in contact with the outer wall
and later with the inner wall

Q.10

Q.11

A particle is acted upon by a constant force


always normal to the direction of motion of
the particle. It is therefore inferred that(i) Its velocity is constant
(ii) It moves in a straight line
(iii) Its speed is constant
(iv) It moves in circular path
(A) i , iv (B) iii, iv (C) i, ii
(D) i, ii, iii

Three identical cars A, B and C are moving at


the same speed on three bridges. The car A
goes on plane bridge. B on a bridge convex
upwards and car C on a bridge concave
upwards. Let FA, FB and FC be the normal
forces exerted by the cars on the bridges
when they are at the middle of bridge (A) FA is maximum
(B) FB is maximum
(C) FC is maximum
(D) FA = FB = FC

Q.14

A particle of mass m is observed from an


inertial frame of reference and is found to

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A cylindrical bucket filled with water is whirled


around in a vertical circle of radius r. What can
be the minimum speed at the top of the path if
water does not fall out from the bucket. If it
continues with this speed. What normal force
the bucket exerts on water at the lowest point of
path ?
(A)

Rg , 2mg

(B)

2Rg , 2mg
CIRCULAR MOTION

19

(C)

3Rg , 3mg

(D)

Rg , 3mg

Q.15

A bucket tied at the end of a 1.6 m long string


is whirled in a vertical circle with constant
speed. What should be the minimum speed so
that the water from the bucket does not spill,
When the bucket is at the highest position (Take g = 10 m/sec2)
(A) 4 m/sec
(B) 6.25 m/sec
(C) 16 m/sec
(D) None of the above

Q.16

A smooth hollow cone whose vertical angle


is 2, with it axis vertical and vertex
downwards, revolves about its axis n times
per second. Find distances from axis of
rotation where a particle may be placed on
the inner surface of cone so that it rotates
with same speed g sin
gcot
(A)
(B)
2 2
4 n
4 2 n 2
(C)

4 2 n 2
g

(D)

Q.19

The vertical section of a road over a canal


bridge in the direction of its length is in the
form of circle of radius 8.9 metre, Then the
greatest speed at which the car can cross this
bridge without losing contact with the road at
its highest point, the centre of gravity of the
car being at a height h = 1.1 metre from the
ground is(Take g = 10 m/sec2 )
(A) 5 m/sec
(B) 10 m/sec
(C) 15 m/sec
(D) 20 m/sec

Fill in the blanks type question


Q.20

A particle is projected with a speed u at an


angle with the horizontal. Considering a
small part of its path near the highest
position, the approximate radius of curvature
is given by R =..............................

gsin
4 2 n 2

Q.17

A 2 kg stone at the end of a string 1m long is


whirled in a vertical circle at a constant
speed. The speed of the stone is 4 m/sec. The
tension in the string will be 52N. when the
stone is(A) At the top of the circle
(B) At the bottom of the circle
(C) Half way down
(D) None of the above

Q18

A particle, moving
equal magnitudes
acceleration. The
meters) (A) 2
(C)

along a circular path has


of linear and angular
diameter of path is (in
(B) 1
(D) 2

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EXERCISE # 2
Part-A
Q.1

(A) tan1(v0/r) in the plane perpendicular

(Only single correct answer type


questions)

to r
(B) tan1(r/v0) in the plane perpendicular

A car moves round a turn of constant


curvature between A and B (curve AB =
100m) with a steady speed 72 km/hr. If angle
between tangent at point A and B is 45 then
magnitude of acceleration of car between A
and B is -

100 m

to r

(C) tan1 (r/v0) in the plane through r


(D) Varying with time
Q.4

A coin placed on a rotating turntable just slips


if it is placed at a distance of 4 cm from the
centre. If the angular velocity of the turntable
is doubled, it will just slip at a distance of (A) 1 cm (B) 2 cm (C) 4 cm (D) 8 cm

Q.5

A simple pendulum having a bob of mass m


is suspended from the ceiling of a car used in
a stunt film shooting. The car moves up
along an inclined cliff at a speed v and makes
a jump to leave the cliff and lands at some
distance. Let R be the maximum height of
the car from the top of cliff. The tension in
the string when the car is in air is -

45

(B) 3.14 m/s2


(D) 6.28 m/s2

(A) Zero
(C) 31.4 m/s2
Q.2

A simple pendulum is vibrating with an


angular amplitude of 90 as shown in the
following figure . For what value of is the
acceleration directed O
B
B

(B) mg

(A) mg

C
A
(i) Vertically upwards (ii) Horizontally
(iii) Vertically downwards
(A) 0,cos1(1/ 3 ),90

(C) mg +

Q.6

(B) 90,cos1(1/ 3 ),0


(C) cos1(1/ 3 ),0,90

mv2
R

B
An open merry-go-round rotates at an angular
velocity . A person stands in it at a distance r
from the rotational axis. It is raining and
raindrops fall vertically with a velocity v0. The
person should hold an umbrella to protect
himself with axis of umbrella tilted with vertical
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(D) zero

A rod of length slides down along the


inclined wall as shown in figure. At the
instant when the speed of end A is v, speed of
B is-

(D) cos1(1/ 3 ), 90,0


Q.3

mv2
R

v cos
(A)
cos

(C)

v sin
cos

A
v sin
(B)
sin
(D)

v cos
cos

CIRCULAR MOTION

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Q.7

A stone of mass 1kg tied to a light


inextensible string of length 10/3 metre is
whirling in a vertical circle. If the ratio of
maximum tension to minimum tension in the
string is 4, then speed of stone at highest
point of the circle is(A) 20 m/s

[g = 10 m/s2]
(B) 103 m/s

(C) 52 m/s

(D) 10 m/s

Q.10

Q.11
Q.8

A small bead of mass m = 1 kg is carried by a


circular hoop having centre at C and radius
r = 1m which rotates about a fixed vertical
axis. The coefficient of friction between bead
and hoop is = 0.5. The maximum angular
speed of the hoop for which the bead does not
have relative motion with respect to hoop.

(D) 2 sin = 3 cos


A stone is thrown horizontally with a velocity
of 10m/sec. Find the radius of curvature of it's
trajectory at the end of 3 sec after motion
began
(A) 10 10 m

(B) 100 10 m

(C) 10 m

(D) 100 m

A bead of mass m is located on a parabolic


wire with its axis vertical and vertex at the
origin as shown in figure and whose equation
is x2 = 4ay. The wire frame is fixed and the
bead can slide on it without friction. The bead
is released from the point y = 4a on the wire
frame from rest. The tangential acceleration
of the bead when it reaches the position given
by y = a is y
m

45
m

(A)
Q.12
1/ 2

Q.9

1/ 2

(A) (5 2 )

(B) (10 2 )

(C) (15 2 )1/ 2

(D) (30 2 )1/ 2

A particle initially at rest starts moving from


point A on the surface of a fixed smooth
hemisphere of radius r as shown. The particle
looses its contact with hemisphere at point B.
C is centre of the hemisphere. The equation
relating and is
A
B
r

C
(A) 3 sin = 2 cos
(B) 2 sin = 3 cos
(C) 3 sin = 2 cos

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g
2

(B)

3g
2

(C)

(D)

g
5

A disc of radius R has a light pole fixed


perpendicular to the disc at the circumference
which in turn has a pendulum of length R
attached to its other end as shown in figure.
The disc is rotated with a constant angular
velocity . The string is making an angle 30
with the rod. Then the angular velocity of
disc is

R
30
R

1/ 2

3g

(A)
R

1/ 2

3g

(B)
2R

CIRCULAR MOTION

22

1/ 2

Q.13

1/ 2

2g
g

(C)
(D)
3 3R
3R
Two cars having masses m1 and m2 move in

(C) mg <

Part-B

circles of radius r1 and r2. If they complete


the circle in equal time. The ratio of their

Q.14

Q.15

m1
m2

(B)

r1
r2

(C)

Q.20

The position vector of a particle in a circular


motion about the origin sweeps out equal area
in equal times(A) velocity remains constant
(B) speed remains constant
(C) acceleration remains constant
(D) tangential acceleration remains constant

Q.21

A car of mass M is moving on a horizontal


circular path of radius r. At an instant its
speed is v and is increasing at a rate a (A) the acceleration of the car is towards the
centre of the path
(B) the magnitude of the frictional force on
the car is greater than mv2/R
(C) the friction coefficient between the
ground and the car is not less than a/g
(D) the friction coefficient between the
ground and the car is = tan1v2/Rg

Q.22

A circular road of radius r is banked for a


speed of v = 40 km/h. A car of mass m
attempts to go on the circular road. The
friction coefficient between the tyre and the
road is negligible. Then(A) the car cannot make a turn without
skidding
(B) if the car turn at a speed less than 40
km/h, it will slip down.
(C) if the car turn at the correct speed of
40 km/h the force by the road on the car
is equal to mv2/r

A stone is moved round a horizontal circle


with a 20 cm long string tied to it. If
centripetal acceleration is 9.8 m/s2, then its
angular velocity will be(A) 7 rad/s
(B) 22/7 rad/s
(C) 49 rad/s
(D) 14 rad/s

Q.16

A motorcycle is going on an over bridge of


radius R. The driver maintain a constant
speed. As the motorcycle is ascending on the
over bridge, the normal force on it (A) increases
(B) decreases
(C) remains same
(D) fluctuates

Q.17

Let denote the angular displacement of a


simple pendulum oscillating in a vertical
plane. If the mass of the bob is m. The
tension in the string is mg cos (A) always
(B) never
(C) at extreme position (D) at mean position

Q.18

Water in a bucket is whirled in a vertical


circle with a string attached to it. The water
does not fall down even when the bucket is
inverted at the top of its path. We conclude
that(A) mg =

mv2
R

(B) mg >

One or more than one correct


answer type questions

An object follows a curved path. The


following quantities may remain constant
during the motion(A) speed
(B) velocity
(C) acceleration
(D) magnitude of acceleration

m1r1
(D) 1
m 2 r2

A 30 cm diameter turn table starts from rest


and takes 2 s to reach its final rotation rate of
33.5 rpm; the angular acceleration is(A) 1.75 rad/s2
(B) 1.25 rad/s2
(C) 2 rad/s2
(D) 1 rad/s2

(D) none of these

Q.19

angular speeds 1/2 is(A)

mv2
R

mv2
R

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CIRCULAR MOTION

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(D) if the car turn at the correct speed of


40 km/h, the force by the road on the car
is greater than mg as well as greater than
mv2/r
Q.23

are to choose any one of the following four


responses.
(A) If both Assertion and Reason are true and

A person applies a constant force F on a

the Reason is correct explanation of the

particle of mass m and finds that the particle

Assertion.
(B) If both Assertion and Reason are true but

move in a circle of radius r with a uniform


speed v.

Reason is not correct explanation of the

(A) this is not possible

Assertion.

(B) there are other forces also on the particle

(C) If Assertion is true but the Reason is false.

(C) the resultant of other forces is mv2/r

(D) If Assertion is false but Reason is true.

towards centre
(D) the resultant of the other forces varies in

Q.25

magnitude as well as direction

Assertion : On a banked curved track,


vertical components of normal reaction
provides the necessary centripetal force.

Q.24

Figure shows a rod of length L pivoted near

Reason : Centripetal force is always required

an end and which is made to rotate in a

for turning.

horizontal plane with a constant angular


speed. A ball of mass m is suspended by a

Q.26

Assertion

The

tendency

of

string also of length L from the other end of

skidding/overturning is quadrupled, when a

the rod. If is the angle made by string with

cyclist doubles his speed of turning.

the vertical, then-

Reason : tan =

v2
Rg

becomes 4 times as v is doubled.


L
T
m

Part-D Column matching type questions


Q.27

(A) T sin =

m2L(1

+ sin)

(B) T cos = mg
(C) tan =

A particle is suspended from a string of


length 'R'. It is given a velocity u = 3 Rg .
Match the following

L(1 sin )
g
2

(D) none of above

C
D

Part-C Assertion-Reason type questions

B
A

Column-I
The following questions consists of two
statements each, printed as Assertion and

Column-II

(A) Velocity at B

(P) 7 mg

(B) Velocity at C

(Q)

5gR

Reason. While answering these questions you


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CIRCULAR MOTION

24

(C) Tension at B

(R)

(D) Tension at C

(S) 4 mg

Q.28

7gR

The bob of a simple pendulum is given a


velocity 10 m/s at its lowest point. Mass of
the bob is 1 kg and string length is 1 m.
Column I
(A) Minimum tension
in string (in Newton)
(B) Magnitude of
acceleration of bob
when the string is
horizontal (in m/s2)

Q.29

Column - II
(P) 50

road of radius 35/ 3 . Angle of banking of


road is 30. Coefficient of friction between
road and tyres is =

1
2 3

. Match the

following:

(Q) 60

Column-I

(C) Minimum magnitude of (R) zero


acceleration of bob
(in m/s2)
(D) Tangential acceleration (S) 10

A car of mass 500 kg is moving in a circular

Column-II

(A) Maximum speed (in m/s) of

(P) 5 2

car for safe turning


(B) Minimum speed (in m/s) of
car for safe turning

(Q) 12.50

(C) Speed (in m/s) at which friction (R)


65

at the highest point


(in m/s2)

210

force between tyres and road


is zero
(D) Friction force (in 102 Newton) (S)

350
3

between tyres and road if


speed is

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350
m/s
6

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EXERCISE # 3
Part-A Subjective Type Questions
Q.1

Q.2

Q.7

A wet open umbrella is held upright and is


rotated about the handle at a uniform rate of
21 revolutions in 44 s. If the rim of the
umbrella is circle 1 metre in diameter and the
height of the rim above the floor is 1.5 m,
find where the drops of water spun off the rim
and hit the floor.
A man whirls a stone around his head on the
end of a string 4 metre long. If the stone has a
mass of 0.4 kg and the string will break if the
tension in it exceeds 8 N, what is the smallest
angle the string can make with the horizontal?
What is the speed of the stone ? (g = 10 m/s2)

Q.3

A boy whirls a stone in a horizontal circle of


radius 1.5 m and 2 m above the ground by
means of a string. The string breaks and the
stone flies off horizontally, striking the
ground 10 m away. What is the centripetal
acceleration during circular motion ?

Q.4

A stone is fastened to one end of a string and


is whirled in a vertical circle of radius R. Find
the minimum speed the stone can have at the
highest point of the circle.

Q.5

A stone of mass 1 kg is attached to one end of


a string of length 1 m and breaking strength
500 N, and is whirled in a horizontal circle on
a frictionless table top. The other end of the
string is kept fixed. Find the maximum speed
the stone can attain without breaking the
string.

Q.6

A spaceman in training is rotated in a seat at


the end of horizontal rotating arm of length 5
m. If he can withstand acceleration up to 9 g,
what is the maximum number of revolutions
per second permissible ? Take g = 10 m/s2

An insect on the axle of a wheel observes the


motion of a particle and 'finds' it to take its
place along the circumference of a circle of
radius 'R' with a uniform angular speed .
The axle is moving with a uniform speed 'v'
relative to the ground. How will an observer
on the ground describe the motion of the
same point.

Q. 8

A circular automobile test track has a radius


of 200 m. The track is so designed that when
a car travels at a speed of 100 kilometer per
hour, the force between the automobile and
the track is normal to the surface of track.
Find the angle of the bank.

Q. 9

A cyclist is riding with a speed of 27 kmh1. As


he approaches a circular turn on the road of
radius 80 m, he applies brakes and reduces his
speed at the constant rate of 0.5 ms1 every
second. What is the magnitude and direction of
the net acceleration of the cyclist on the circular
turn ?

Q.10

A motorcycle has to move with a constant


speed on an over bridge which is in the form
of a circular arc of radius R and has a total
length L. Suppose the motorcycle starts from
the highest point. (a) What can its maximum
velocity be for which contact with road is not
broken at the highest point ? (b) If the
1
motorcycle goes at speed
times the
2
maximum found in part (a). Where will it lose
the contact with the road ? (c) What
maximum uniform speed can it maintain on
the bridge if it does not lose contact anywhere
on the bridge ?

Q.11

A stone is thrown horizontally with a velocity


10 m/s. Find the radius of curvature of its
trajectory in 3 second after the motion began.
Disregard the resistance of air.

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Q.12

Q.13

A simple pendulum is suspended from the


ceiling of a car taking a turn of radius 10 m at
a speed of 36 km/h. Find the angle made by
the string of the pendulum with the vertical if
this angle does not change during the turn.
Take g = 10 m/s2.

Q.17

A particle of mass m moves along the internal


smooth surface of vertical cylinder of radius
R. Find the force with which the particle acts
on the cylinder wall if at the initial moment of
time its velocity equals v0 and forms an angle

A heavy particle hanging from a fixed point


projected horizontally with speed g , find

Q.15

Q.16

A hemispherical bowl of radius R is rotated


about its axis of symmetry which is kept
vertical. A small block is kept in the bowl at a
position where the radius makes angle with
the vertical. The block rotates with the bowl
without any slipping. The frictional
coefficient between the block and the bowl is
. Find the range of angular speed for which
the block will not slip.
A table with smooth horizontal surface is fixed
in a cabin that rotates with a uniform angular
velocity in a circular path of radius R. A
smooth groove AB of length L<<R is made on
the surface of the table. The groove makes an
angle with the radius OA of the circle in
which the cabin rotates. A small particle is
kept at the point A in the groove and is
released to move along AB. Find the time
taken by the particle to reach the point B.

A table with smooth horizontal surface is


placed in a cabin which moves in a circle of a
large radius R. A smooth pulley of small
radius is fastened to the table. Two masses of
m and 2m are placed on the table connected
through a string going over the pulley.
Initially the masses were at rest. Find the
magnitude of the initial acceleration of the
masses as seen from the cabin and the tension
in the string.

by a light inextensible string of length '' is


the speed of the particle and the inclination of
the string to the vertical at the instant of the
motion when the tension in the string is equal
to the weight of the particle.

with the horizontal.

Q.14

m1
m2

Q.18

A particle of mass m moves along a


horizontal circle of radius R such that normal
acceleration of particle varies with time as
an = Kt2, where K is a constant. Calculate
(i) tangential force on particle at time t
(ii) total force on particle at time t
(iii) power developed by total force at time t
and
(iv) average power developed by total force
over first t second

Q.19

A smooth sphere of radius R is made to


translate in a straight line with a constant
acceleration a. A particle kept on the top of
the sphere is released from there at zero
velocity with respect to the sphere. Find the
speed of the particle with respect to the
sphere as a function of the angle it slides.

Q.20

A uniform circular ring of mass per unit


length and radius R is rotating with angular
velocity about its own axis in a gravity free
space. Find the tension in the ring.

Q.21

If a particle is rotating in a circle of radius R


with velocity at an instant v and the tangential
acceleration is a. Find the net acceleration of
the particle.

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CIRCULAR MOTION

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Q.22

A metal ring of mass m and radius R is placed


on a smooth horizontal table and is set
rotating about its own axis in such a way that
each part of the ring moves with speed v.
Find the tension in the ring.

Q.23

A car goes on a horizontal circular road of


radius R the speed is increasing at a constant
rate

Q.26

What is the tangential acceleration of the


block ?
(A) g
(B) g
(C) v2/R
(D) v2/R

Q.27

What is the value of velocity v as the function


of time t ?
1
1
t
t
1
1
(A)
=
+
(B)
=

v0
v 0 2R
2R
v
v

dv
= a. The friction coefficient is . Find
dt

(C)

the speed at which the car will just skid.


Q.24

Q.25

A block of mass M is kept on a horizontal


ruler. The friction coefficient between the
ruler and block is . The ruler is fixed at one
end and the block is at a distance L from the
fixed end. The ruler is rotated about the fixed
end in the horizontal plane through a fixed
end. Find the maximum angular speed for
which block will slip.
A particle starts sliding down a curved
surface of radius R from position A as shown
in the figure. At position B it breaks-off, find
the value of
A
B

Q.28

1
t
1
=
+
v0
R
v

(D)

1
t
1
=

v0
R
v

What is the value of velocity v as the function


of distance x travelled on the circumference ?
(A) v = v0 e

2
x
R

(B) v = v0 e

x
R

x
(C) v = v0 1 e R (D) v = v0

Passage-II (Question 29 to 31)


In a rotor, a hollow vertical cylindrical structure
rotates about its axis and a person rests against the
inner wall. At a particular speed of the rotor, the
floor below the person is removed and the person
hangs resting against the wall without any floor. If
the radius of the rotor is 2m and the coefficient of
static friction between the wall and the person is
0.2. Find the following parameters and relations.
R

R
fs

N
mg

Part-B Passage based objective questions


Passage-I (Question 26 to 28)
A block of mass m moves on a horizontal circle
against the wall of a cylindrical room of radius R.
The floor of the room on which the block moves
is smooth but the friction coefficient between the
block and the side wall is . The block is given
initial velocity v0. Then answer the following

Q.29

If v is the velocity of rotation of rotor and N


be the reaction of wall, then (A) N = mg

(B) N =

mv2

(C) N = (mg)

Q.30

questions.

(D) none of these

In order to man remain in equilibrium we


must have (A) mg = N
(B) fs = mg
(C) N = mg

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mv 2
r

(D) none of these


CIRCULAR MOTION

28

Q.31

The value of velocity will be given by (A) v = rg


(C) v =

g
r

(B) v =

rg

(D) v =

g
r

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CIRCULAR MOTION

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EXERCISE # 4
Old IIT-JEE Objective type questions
Q.1

Q.3

A long horizontal rod has a bead which can


slide its length and initially placed at a
distance L from one end A of the rod. The rod
is set in angular motion about A with constant

An insect crawls up a hemispherical surface


very slowly (see the figure). The coefficient
of friction between the insect and the surface
is 1/3. If the line joining the centre of the
hemispherical surface to the insect makes an
angle with the vertical, the maximum
possible value of is given by -

angular acceleration . If the coefficient of


friction between the rod and the bead is ,
and gravity is neglected, then the time after
which the bead starts slipping is -

[IIT -2001]

[IIT- 2000]

A
L

(A)
(C)

/
1

(B) /

Q.4

(D) infinitesimal

(A) cot = 3

(B) tan = 3

(C) sec = 3

(D) cosec = 3

A simple pendulum is oscillating without


damping. When the displacement of the bob
is less then maximum, its acceleration vector

a is correctly shown in -

Q.2

A small block is shot into each of the four


tracks as shown below. Each of the tracks
rises to the same height. The speed with
which the block enters the track is the same
in all cases. At the highest point of the track,
the normal reaction is maximum in -

(A)

[IIT- 2002]

[IIT -2001]

(B)

(A)

(B)

v
(C)

(C)

v
(D)

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CIRCULAR MOTION

30

(D)

Q.5

A particle of mass m is moving in a circular


path of constant radius r such that its centripetal
acceleration ac is varying with time t as
ac = k2 rt2, where k is a constant. The power
delivered to the particle by the forces acting
on it is [IIT-1994]

Q.6

Q.7

(A) 2mk2 r2t

(B) mk2 r2t

(C) (mk4 r2 t5) /3

(D) zero

A stone tied to a string of length L is whirled


in a vertical circle with the other end of the
string at the centre. At a certain instant of
time, the stone it at its lowest position, and
has a speed u. The magnitude of the change in
its velocity as it reaches a position where the
string is horizontal is
[IIT -1998]
(A)

u 2 2gL

(B)

2gL

(C)

u 2 gL

(D)

2(u 2 gL)

A ball of mass (m) 0.5 kg is attached to the end


of a string having length (L) 0.5 m. The ball is
rotated on a horizontal circular path about
vertical axis. The maximum tension that the
string can bear is 324 N. The maximum
possible value of angular velocity of ball (in
radian/s) is[IIT-2011]

L
m
(A) 9

(B) 18

(C) 27

(D) 36

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CIRCULAR MOTION

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EXERCISE #5(ARCHIVES)
AB, its velocity is horizontal. Find u.
[IIT-1999]
A
O

Old IIT-JEE questions


Q.1

A bullet of mass M is fired with a velocity


50m/s at an angle with the horizontal. At
the highest point of its trajectory, it collides
head-on with a bob of mass 3M suspended
by a massless string of length 10/3 metres and
gets embedded in the bob. After the collision
the string moves through an angle of 120.
Find
[IIT-1988]
(i) the angle ,
(ii) the vertical and horizontal co-ordinates of
the initial position of the bob with respect
to the point of firing of the bullet. (Take

L/8
L
u
B
Q.4

g = 10m/s2)
Q.2

A hemispherical bowl of radius R = 0.1 m is


rotating about its own axis (which is vertical)

A spot light S rotates in a horizontal plane


with a constant angular velocity of 0.1 rad/s.
The spot of light P moves along the wall at a
distance of 3 m. The velocity of spot P when
= 45 is [IIT-1987]

with an angular velocity . A particle of mass


102 kg on the frictionless inner surface of the
bowl is also rotating with same . The
particle is at a height h from the bottom of the
bowl.
[IIT-1993]
(a) Obtain the relation between h and . What
is the minimum value of needed in order to
have a non-zero value of h ? (b) It is desired
to measure g using this set up, by measuring h
accurately. Assuming that r and are known
precisely, and that the least count in the
measurement of h is 104 m. What is the
minimum possible error g in the measured

h=3m

(A) 0.2 m/s


(C) 0.6 m/s
Q.5

value of g ? ( g = 9.8 m/s2)


Q.3

A particle is suspended vertically from a


point O by an inextensible massless string
of length L . A vertical line AB is at a
distance L/8 from O as shown in figure.
The object is given a horizontal velocity u.
At some point, its motion ceases to be
circular and eventually the object passes
through line AB. At the instant of crossing

Q.6

CAREER POINT, CP Tower, Road No.1, IPIA, Kota (Raj.), Ph: 0744-3040000

(B) 0.4 m/s


(D) 0.8 m/s

A rod of length L is hinged from one end. It is


brought to a horizontal position and released.
The angular velocity of the rod when it is in
vertical position is [IIT- 1990]
(A) 2g / L

(B)

3g / L

(C)

(D)

g/L

g / 2L

A car is moving in a circular horizontal track


of radius 10 m with a constant speed of 10
m/s. A plumb bob is suspended from the roof
of the car by a light rigid rod of length 1.0 m.
The angle made by the rod with the track is
[IIT-19 92]
(A) Zero
(B) 30
CIRCULAR MOTION

32

(C) 45
Q.7

(D) 60

(C)

0
3

(D)

0
4

A tube of length L is filled completely with


an incompressible liquid of mass M and

Q.10

A car moving at a speed of 36 km/h is taking

closed at both ends. The tube is then rotated

a turn on a circular road of radius 50 m. A

in a horizontal plane about one of its ends

small wooden plate is kept on the seat with its

with a uniform angular velocity .The force

plane perpendicular to the radius of the

exerted by the liquid at the other end is

circular road. A small block of mass 100g is


kept on the seat which rests against the plate.

[IIT - 1992]
(A) ML 2 /2

The friction coefficient between the block and

(B) ML 2

the plate is = 0.58. (a) Find the normal

(C) ML 2 /4

contact force exerted by the plate on the

(D) ML22 /2

block. (b) the plate is slowly turned so that


the angle between the normal to the plate and

Q.8

radius of the road slowly increases. Find the

A solid body rotates about a stationary axis so

angle at which the block will just start sliding

that its angular velocity depends on the

on the plate.

rotation angle as = 0 k , where 0


and k are positive constants. At the moment t
= 0, the angle = 0. Find the time

dependence of rotation angle-

block

plate

(A) K. oe kt
(B)

0 kt
[e ]
K

(C)

0
[1ekt]
K

of a straight inclined part of length joining

(D)

K
[ ekt 1]
0

mass m is projected up the incline from its

Q.11

Figure shows a smooth track which consists


smoothly with the circular part. A particle of
bottom. (a) Find the minimum projection
speed v0 for which the particle reaches the top

Q.9

A solid body rotates with deceleration about a

of the track. (b) Assuming that the projection

stationary axis with an angular deceleration

speed is 2v0 and that the block does not loose

||=k

contact with the track before reaching its top,

; where k is a constant and is

the angular velocity of the body. If the initial


angular velocity is 0, then mean angular
velocity of the body averaged over the whole

top. (c) Assuming that the projection speed is


only slightly greater than v0, where will the
block loose contact with the track ?

time of rotation is (A) 0

find the force acting on it when it reaches the

(B)

0
2

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CIRCULAR MOTION

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Q.12

A particle of mass m is attached to the end of


a light inextensible string of length 2a, the
other end of which is attached to a fixed
point P. The particle is projected horizontally
from the point 2a below P with speed v. As it
comes in level with P, a peg distant a from P
catches the string. In the subsequent motion,
the particle can just describe a full circle
about Q. Find v. (see figure).

O'

P
a

2a

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CIRCULAR MOTION

34

ANSWER KEY
EXERCISE # 1
Q.No.
Ans.
Q.No.
Ans.

20.

1
D
16
A

2
B
17
B

3
C
18
A

4
B
19
B

5
D

6
D

7
B

8
B

9
C

10
B

11
D

12
C

13
C

14
A

15
A

11
C

12
D

13
D

14
A

15
A

u 2 cos2
g

EXERCISE # 2
PART-A
Q.No.
Ans.
Q.No.
Ans.

1
B
16
A

2
A
17
C

3
B
18
C

4
A

5
D

6
D

7
C

8
D

9
C

10
B

PART-B
Q.No.

19

20

Ans. A,C,D B,D

21

22

B,C

B,D B,D A,B,C

23

24

PART-C
25. (D)

26. (A)

PART-D
27. A R ; B Q ; C P ; D S
29. A R ; B P ; C S ; D Q

28. A P ; B S ; C Q ; D R

EXERCISE # 3
PART-A
1.

0.83 metre on x axis

2. = 30, v = 7.7 m/s

3. 163.3 m/s2

4.

5. 22.36 m/s

Rg

6. 0.675 rev/s

7. x = Rcost + vt, y = Rsint, cycloid


8. 2129'

9. a = 0.86 ms2, = 5427'

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CIRCULAR MOTION

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10.(a)

Rg

(b) a distance

R
along the bridge from the highest point (c)
3

11. 306.08 m
13. N =

gR cos(L / 2R )

12. 45

m (V0 cos) 2
R

g
3

14. v =
1/ 2

g(sin cos

15.
R sin (cos sin )

1/ 2

g(sin cos)

to
R sin (cos sin )

2 R 4
, m2R
3
3

2L
2 R cos

16.

18. (i) m KR

(ii) m K(R Kt 4 )

19. [2R (a sin + g g cos )]1/2

20. R

v2
21. a 2
R

23. [(2g2 a2)R2]1/4

24.

17.

g
L

(iii) mKRt

22.

(iv)

1
mKRt
2

mv2
2R

25. cos1(2/3)

PART-B
Q.No.

26

27

28

29

30

31

Ans.

EXERCISE # 4
Q.No.
Ans.

1
A

2
A

3
A

4
C

5
B

6
D

7
D

EXERCISE # 5
1. (i) = 30, (ii) The desired coordinates are (108.25 m, 31.25 m)
3

2. (a) min = 7 2 rad/s (b) 9.8 10 m/s = (g)min

4. (C)

5. (B)

6. (C)

(4 3 3 )
gL
3. u =
2

7. (A)

8. (C)

1/ 2

9. (C)

10. (a) 0.2, (b) 30


11. (a)

2g[R (1 cos) sin ]

(b) 6mg [1 cos + sin ]


R

(c) The radius through the particle makes an angle cos1 (2/3) with the vertical.
12. v =

7ag

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CIRCULAR MOTION

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