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CALCULATION & TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF VENTILATION SYS

1. Airflow Calculation

The total airflow Q to the engine room shall be at least the larger value of the two fol
calculations. The total airflow of the system is designed for the biggest. This means t
two kind of calculation (based on ISO 8861). These are :
qc + qh
Q :
1,5
x qc
Q :
Where:
Q : Total airflow in the engine room
qc : The sum of the airflow for combustion
qh : The sum of the airflow necessary for heat evacuation
1.1 The Sum of the Airflow for Combustion

The sum of the airflow for combustion, qc , shall be calculated, in cubic metres per se
follows:

Where:

qc : qdp + qdg + qb
qdp : The airflow for combustion for main propulsion diesel en
metres per second
qdg : The airflow for combustion for diesel generator engine (s
metres per second
qb : The airflow for combustion for boiler (s), in cubic metres
5.2.4), if relevant under normal sea conditions

a) The airflow for combustion for main propulsion diesel engine

Where:

Pdp : The service standard power of the main propulsion diese


maximum continuous power output, in kilowatts;
mad : The air requirement for combustion for diesel engine(s),
kilowatt
mad =second
0,0023 kg/(kWs) for 2-stroke engines,
0,0020 kg/(kWs) for 4-stroke engines.

So, the result of airflow combustion for main propulsion diesel engine is:
qdp : (4000 x 0,002)/1,13
:

7.079646 m3/s

b) The airflow for combustion for diesel generator engine


The airflow for combustion for diesel generator engine(s), qdg , shall be calculated, in
per second, as follows:

Where:

Pdg : The service standard power of the diesel generator engin


maximum power output, in kilowatts;
mad : The air requirement for combustion for diesel engine(s),
kilowatt
mad =second
0,0023 kg/(kWs) for 2-stroke engines,
0,0020 kg/(kWs) for 4-stroke engines.
:

1,13 kg/m (i.e. the density of air, at + 35 C, 70 RH and


So, the result of airflow for combustion for diesel generator engine is:
qdg : (3 x 322 x 0,002)/1,13
:
1.710 m3/s
c) The airflow for combustion for boiler and thermal fluid heaters

The airflow for combustion for boiler(s), qb , shall be calculated, in cubic metres per s
follows:

1) In a case where the total steam capacity of a boiler is known, the following formul

2) In a case where the capacity of a boiler or a thermal fluid heater is known in kilow
following formula is used:

Where:

Q : The maximum continuous rating of the boiler (s) (kW)


ms :
The total steam capacity (maximum continuous rating) o
in kilogram per second; = 0,3 kg/s (based on ISO 8861 T

mfs :

The fuel consumption, in kilograms of fuel per kilogram o


kilograms of fuel per second per kilowatt of thermal capa
0.12 kg/kWs

maf : The air requirement for combustion, in kilograms of air p


fuel
:

15.7 kgair/kgfuel

So, the result of airflow for combustion for boiler and thermal fluid heater is:
qb : (0,3 x 0,12 x 15,7)/1,13
:

0.5 m3/s

1.2 Airflow for Evacuation of Heat Emission

The sum of the airflow necessary for heat evacuation, qh , shall be calculated, in cub
second, as follows:

Where :
a) Heat emission from main propulsion diesel engine (s)

The heat emission from main propulsion diesel engine(s),dp, shall be taken, in kilow

Pdp : MCR of Diesel Engine


hd : The value is doesn't know, so use graphic 7.1 in ISO 886

So, dp :

138 kW

b) Heat emission from diesel generator engine (s)


The heat emission from diesel generator engine(s), dg, shall be taken, in kilowatts,
Pdg x (hd/100)
dg :
:
6.44 kW
c) Heat emission from boiler and thermal fluid heater (s)

In the case when the demand for heat is covered by a thermal fluid heater or the cap
is known in kilowatts, the following formula is used:
b : Q x B1 x hb
:
1.6 kW

d) Heat emission from steam and condensate pipes

The heat emission from steam and condensate pipes, p, shall be calculated, in kilow
p :
0 ( not use steam in this design )
e) Heat emission from electrical generator (s)
The heat emission from air-cooled generator(s), g, shall be calculated, in kilowatts,
g : Pg x (1-(/100))
:
19.32 kW

f) Heat emission from electrical installation

The heat emission from electrical installations, el, shall be calculated, in kilowatts, i
with one of the following two alternative methods in descending order of preference

For conventional ships where full details of the electrical installations are not known,
emission is taken as 20 % of the rated power of the electrical apparatus and lighting
at sea.
el : 20% x Pdg
:

64.4 kW

g) Heat emission from exhaust pipes and exhaust gas fired-boiler (s)
The heat emission from exhaust pipes and exhaust gas-fired boiler(s) may be determ
curves in 7.3, in kilowatts per metre of pipe.

Exhaust gas pipes and exhaust gas-fired boiler(s) situated in the casing and funnel s
taken into account.
h) Heat emission from hot tank (s)

The heat emission from hot tanks, t, in kilowatts, shall be based on the sum of the h
surfaces contiguous with the engine room, using the values given in table 1.

t :

0.02 kW/m2

i) Heat emission from other component (s)

The heat emission from other components, o, in kilowatts, e.g. compressor(s), steam
reduction gear(s), separator(s), heat exchanger(s), piping and hydraulic system(s), sh
when calculating the sum of the airflow for evacuation of heat emission.
o :

4.5 kW

So, the airflow for evacuation of heat emission calculated use this formula.

qh :

13.406 m3/s

1.3 Total Airflow

The total airflow Q to the engine room shall be at least the larger value of the two fol
calculations. The total airflow of the system is designed for the biggest. This means t
two kind of calculation (based on ISO 8861). These are :
Q :
Q :

qc + qh
1,5 x qc

(Equation 1)
(Equation 2)

Where:
Q : Total airflow in the engine room
qc : The sum of the airflow for combustion
qh : The sum of the airflow necessary for heat evacuation
So, the total airflow based on equation 1 is:
Q :
22.696 m3/s
So, the total airflow based on equation 2 is:
Q :
13.934 m3/s

From the calculation above, taken the total airflow based on equation 1. So, the total
Q :
22.696 m3/s
: 81705.446 m3/h
: 48206.213 cfm
2. Main Diameter of Ducting and Air Velocity

The recommended flow velocity in the pipe is 3540 m/s at full output. If there are m
factors in the piping, or the pipe is very long, then the flow velocity needs to be lowe
gas mass flow given in chapter Technical data.

Wartsila 8L32 Project G


Data :

v :
Q :

35 m/s
22.696 m3/s

So, the main diameter ducting is :


d : (4 x Q)/( x v )

( From the Technical Data )

0.909 m

3. Losses Calculation
3.1. Losses on Main Duct
Data :
: Density of air at 25 C
: Viscosity of air on 25 C
(Aluminium)
:
0.03 mm
/d : 3.30077448063534E-005
Reynold Number : (vd) /
:
2045505 (Turbulent Flow)

f :
0.0165
L :
5m
So, the friction losses can be calculated by this following formula:
P : x (f.L/d) x (2/2)
: 65.827345 Pa
13.17 Pa/m
P/L :
3.2. Losses on Branch Duct
Data :
Q :
:
Q :

to Supply Main Engine


Total Air Flow
50% Percentage (Based on ISO 8861)
11.347979 m3/s

The total flow rate can be calculated by this following formula:


Q : Ax
4Q
V :
pd2
V2
2
P

8Q2
p2 d4

DP
:
L
f : 0.0165
d : [(8 x x f x (Q^2)) / ((^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5
: 0.6888004 m
v : Air velocity
v : (4Q) / ( x (d^2))
:

30.47 m/s

Reynold Number : (vd) /


:
1349530 (Turbulent Flow)

f :

0.0178

L :

7m

So, the friction losses can be calculated by this following formula:


P : x (f.L/d) x (2/2)
: 99.419239 Pa
14.20 Pa/m
P/L :
3.3. Losses on Branch Duct
Data :
Q :
:
Q :

to Auxiliary Engine 1
Total Air Flow
7,5% Percentage (Based on ISO 8861)
1.7021968 m3/s

The total flow rate can be calculated by this following formula:


Q : Ax
4Q
V :
pd2
V2
2
P

8Q2
p2 d4

DP
:
L
f : 0.0178
d : [(8 x x f x (Q^2)) / ((^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5
: 0.3225001 m
v : Air velocity
v : (4Q) / ( x (d^2))
:

20.85 m/s

Reynold Number : (vd) /


: 432351.88 (Turbulent Flow)

f :
L :

0.022
6m

So, the friction losses can be calculated by this following formula:


P : x (f.L/d) x (2/2)
: 105.32375 Pa
17.55 Pa/m
P/L :
3.4. Losses on Branch Duct
Data :
Q :
:
Q :

to Auxiliary Engine 2
Total Air Flow
7,5% Percentage (Based on ISO 8861)
1.7021968 m3/s

The total flow rate can be calculated by this following formula:


Q : Ax

V :
V2
2
P

4Q
pd

8Q2
p2 d4

DP
:
L
f : 0.0220
d : [(8 x x f x (Q^2)) / ((^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5
: 0.3225001 m
v : Air velocity
v : (4Q) / ( x (d^2))
:

20.85 m/s

Reynold Number : (vd) /


: 432351.88 (Turbulent Flow)

f :
L :

0.022
6m

So, the friction losses can be calculated by this following formula:


P : x (f.L/d) x (2/2)
: 105.32375 Pa
17.55 Pa/m
P/L :
3.5. Losses on Branch Duct to Auxiliary Engine 3
Data :
Q : Total Air Flow
: 7,5% Percentage (Based on ISO 8861)
1.7022 m3/s
Q :

The total flow rate can be calculated by this following formula:


Q : Ax
4Q
V :
pd2
V2
2
P

8Q2
p2 d4

DP
:
L
f : 0.0220
d : [(8 x x f x (Q^2)) / ((^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5
: 0.3225004 m
v : Air velocity
v : (4Q) / ( x (d^2))
:

20.85 m/s

Reynold Number : (vd) /


: 432351.88 (Turbulent Flow)

f :
L :

0.022
6m

So, the friction losses can be calculated by this following formula:


P : x (f.L/d) x (2/2)
: 105.32375 Pa
17.55 Pa/m
P/L :
3.6. Losses on Branch Duct to Supply Boiler
Data :
Q : Total Air Flow
: 7,5% Percentage (Based on ISO 8861)
1.7022 m3/s
Q :
The total flow rate can be calculated by this following formula:
Q : Ax
4Q
V :
pd2
V2
2
P
DP

:
:
:

8Q2
p2 d4

:
L
f : 0.0220
d : [(8 x x f x (Q^2)) / ((^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5
: 0.3225004 m
v : Air velocity
v : (4Q) / ( x (d^2))
:

20.85 m/s

Reynold Number : (vd) /


: 432351.88 (Turbulent Flow)

f :
L :

0.022
5m

So, the friction losses can be calculated by this following formula:


P : x (f.L/d) x (2/2)
: 87.769794 Pa
17.55 Pa/m
P/L :
3.7. Losses on Branch Duct to Supply Purifier Room
Data :
Q : Total Air Flow
: 4% Percentage (Based on ISO 8861)
0.90784 m3/s
Q :

The total flow rate can be calculated by this following formula:


Q : Ax
4Q
V :
pd2
V2
2
P

8Q2
p2 d4

DP
:
L
f : 0.0220
d : [(8 x x f x (Q^2)) / ((^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5
: 0.2508013 m
v : Air velocity
v : (4Q) / ( x (d^2))
:

18.39 m/s

Reynold Number : (vd) /


: 296508.45 (Turbulent Flow)

f :
L :

0.0245
7m

So, the friction losses can be calculated by this following formula:


P : x (f.L/d) x (2/2)
: 136.84109 Pa
19.55 Pa/m
P/L :
3.8. Losses on Branch Duct to HFO and MDO Tank on Platform
Data :
Q : Total Air Flow
: 4% Percentage (Based on ISO 8861)
0.90784 m3/s
Q :
The total flow rate can be calculated by this following formula:
Q : Ax
4Q
V :
pd2
V2
2
P

8Q2
p2 d4

DP
:
L
f : 0.0245
d : [(8 x x f x (Q^2)) / ((^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5
: 0.2508013 m
v : Air velocity

v : (4Q) / ( x (d^2))
:

18.39 m/s

Reynold Number : (vd) /


: 296508.45 (Turbulent Flow)

f :
L :

0.0245
4m

So, the friction losses can be calculated by this following formula:


P : x (f.L/d) x (2/2)
: 78.194907 Pa
19.55 Pa/m
P/L :
3.9. Losses on Branch Duct to HFO and MDO Heater
Data :
Q : Total Air Flow
: 4% Percentage (Based on ISO 8861)
0.90784 m3/s
Q :
The total flow rate can be calculated by this following formula:
Q : Ax
4Q
V :
pd2

V2
2
P

8Q2
p2 d4

DP
:
L
f : 0.0245
d : [(8 x x f x (Q^2)) / ((^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5
: 0.2508013 m
v : Air velocity
v : (4Q) / ( x (d^2))
:

18.39 m/s

Reynold Number : (vd) /


: 296508.45 (Turbulent Flow)

f :
L :

0.0245
5m

So, the friction losses can be calculated by this following formula:


P : x (f.L/d) x (2/2)

: 97.743634 Pa
19.55 Pa/m
P/L :
3.10. Losses on Branch Duct to HFO and MDO Pump on Platform
Data :
Q : Total Air Flow
: 2% Percentage (Based on ISO 8861)
0.45392 m3/s
Q :
The total flow rate can be calculated by this following formula:
Q : Ax
4Q
V :
pd2
V2
2
P

8Q2
p2 d4

DP
:
L
f : 0.0245
d : [(8 x x f x (Q^2)) / ((^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5
: 0.1900718 m
v : Air velocity
v : (4Q) / ( x (d^2))
:

16.01 m/s

Reynold Number : (vd) /


: 195622.63 (Turbulent Flow)

f :
L :

0.0255
5m

So, the friction losses can be calculated by this following formula:


P : x (f.L/d) x (2/2)
: 101.73317 Pa
20.35 Pa/m
P/L :
So, the total losses of branch duct is:
P : 983.50044 Pa
: 3.9536718 inch (Static Pressure)
3. Fan Selection
The minimum requirement of fan selection is:
Q : 48206.213 cfm
Static Pressure : 3.9536718 inch
With the minimum requirement above, it can be choose the fan specification:
Merk :
HARTZELL
Series :
56 M
Model : _56-M-487V8-STAIV3
Motor (Fan) Power :
75 HP
Motor (Fan) Rotation :
1780 RPM
Static Pressure :
4 inch
Capacity :
50148 CFM

ATION OF VENTILATION SYSTEM

st the larger value of the two following


ned for the biggest. This means that there are
re :

or combustion
ecessary for heat evacuation

calculated, in cubic metres per second, as

on for main propulsion diesel engine (s), in cubic

on for diesel generator engine (s), in cubic

on for boiler (s), in cubic metres per second (see


normal sea conditions

sel engine

wer of the main propulsion diesel engine(s) at


ower output, in kilowatts;

combustion for diesel engine(s), in kilograms per

Ws) for 2-stroke engines,


Ws) for 4-stroke engines.

on diesel engine is:

ne(s), qdg , shall be calculated, in cubic metres

wer of the diesel generator engine(s) at


in kilowatts;

combustion for diesel engine(s), in kilograms per

Ws) for 2-stroke engines,


Ws) for 4-stroke engines.

sity of air, at + 35 C, 70 RH and 101,3 kPa).

nerator engine is:

fluid heaters
calculated, in cubic metres per second, as

er is known, the following formula is used:

mal fluid heater is known in kilowatts, the

us rating of the boiler (s) (kW)

y (maximum continuous rating) of the boiler (s),


= 0,3 kg/s (based on ISO 8861 Table 7.2)

n kilograms of fuel per kilogram of steam, or in


ond per kilowatt of thermal capacity

combustion, in kilograms of air per kilogram of

thermal fluid heater is:

n, qh , shall be calculated, in cubic metres per

ne(s),dp, shall be taken, in kilowatts, as follow:

:
4000 kW
w, so use graphic 7.1 in ISO 8861

dg, shall be taken, in kilowatts, as follows:


Pdg :
322 kW
hd :
2% Estimation

a thermal fluid heater or the capacity of a boiler


Q :
B1 :
hb :

800 kW
0.1
2% Estimation

, p, shall be calculated, in kilowatts, as follows:


am in this design )

shall be calculated, in kilowatts, as follows:


Pg :
322 kW
:
94%

hall be calculated, in kilowatts, in accordance


descending order of preference :

ical installations are not known, the heat


electrical apparatus and lighting that are in use

s fired-boiler (s)
as-fired boiler(s) may be determined from the

uated in the casing and funnel shall not be

hall be based on the sum of the hot tank


values given in table 1.

owatts, e.g. compressor(s), steam, turbine(s),


iping and hydraulic system(s), shall be included
on of heat emission.

ated use this formula.

st the larger value of the two following


ned for the biggest. This means that there are
re :

or combustion
ecessary for heat evacuation

ased on equation 1. So, the total airflow is:


1 m3/h

0.59 cfm

0 m/s at full output. If there are many resistance


e flow velocity needs to be lower . The exhaust
Wartsila 8L32 Project Guide, Page 112

( From the Technical Data )

(Aluminium)

=
=

1.184 kg/m3
2E-005 kg/ms

= 0.00003 m

wing formula:

on ISO 8861)

22.696 m3/s

^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5

wing formula:

=
on ISO 8861)

^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5

22.696 m3/s

wing formula:

=
on ISO 8861)

22.696 m3/s

^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5

wing formula:

=
on ISO 8861)

^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5

22.696 m3/s

wing formula:

=
on ISO 8861)

22.696 m3/s

^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5

wing formula:

n ISO 8861)

22.696 m3/s

^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5

wing formula:

n ISO 8861)

^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5

22.696 m3/s

wing formula:

n ISO 8861)

22.696 m3/s

^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5

wing formula:

on Platform

n ISO 8861)

^2) x (DP / L))]^1/5

22.696 m3/s

wing formula:

ose the fan specification: