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EEE25 AY1516
EEEI
UP Diliman

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You are on page 1of 10

____________________________________

STUDENT NUMBER:

____________________________________

SECTION:

_______________

EEE 25: Probability and Statistics for Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Long Quiz 01

September 14, 2015, 8:00 AM 10:00 AM

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------INSTRUCTIONS: This is a closed-notes-closed-books exam. Use only black or blue pen. Write your name,

student number, and section, on the upper portion of each page. Copy the HONOR CODE on the

second page of this document and place your signature and printed name after.

This document includes the questionnaire and has space for your solutions and answers. For the

multiple-choice part, write the letter of the correct answer on the space provided. No need to provide

the solution.

For the problem solving part, write your complete solution and/or proof. Label your graphs completely.

You may attach additional sheets if the spaces are not enough. Be sure to box your final answers. The

checker reserves the right to disregard solutions that are incomprehensible and/or illegible.

You are only allowed to consult with the instructor. Cheating will not be tolerated. Good luck!

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------HONOR CODE

I do hereby affirm, on my honor as a student at the end of this exercise, that I had no unlawful

knowledge of the questions or answers prior to this exercise and that I have neither given nor received

assistance in answering any of the questions during this exercise.

_________________________________________________

Name, Student Number and Signature

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NAME:

____________________________________

STUDENT NUMBER:

____________________________________

SECTION:

_______________

HONOR CODE

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------___________________________________________

NAME, STUDENT NUMBER, and SIGNATURE

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS (2 POINTS EACH): Write the letter of the correct answer on the space

provided. No need to provide the solution.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

BONUS

18.

19.

20.

FOR QUESTIONS 1 TO 5: Three similar keypads were obtained from cell phone manufacturers: K1, K2, and

K3. The keypads differ from one another by their assigned alphanumeric and symbolic characters as

shown in the table.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

*

0

#

K1

<space>1

ABC2

DEF3

GHI4

JKL5

MNO6

PQRS7

TUV8

WXYZ9

*

.,?!0

#

K2

1.,?!

ABC2

DEF3

GHI4

JKL5

MNO6

PQRS7

TUV8

WXYZ9

*

0

<space>#

K3

1.,?!

ABC2

DEF3

GHI4

JKL5

MNO6

PQRS7

TUV8

WXYZ9

*

<space>0

#

A. 6

B. 7

2. What character/character set is

A. {ABC2}

B. {ABC21.,?!}

C. 5

D. 4

( K1 = 2) (( K 2 = 0) ( K3 = 1)) ?

C. {ABC201.,?!}

D. null space

NAME:

____________________________________

STUDENT NUMBER:

____________________________________

SECTION:

_______________

3. Given the table. What is the mean number of presses to get an alphabet character from keys 2-9?

A. 1.5

B. 2

C. 1.75

D. 3

~ ( K1 K 2 K3) ?

A. {.,?!0#<space>1}

B. {.,?!#<space>}

C. {.,?!<space>}

D. null space

5. What are the chances of getting a ? character after pressing 0 at least once in a randomly selected

keypad?

A. 1/3

B. 1/15

C. 1/12

D. 0

C. (2)(10)

D. 10!/2!

A. 210

B. 102

7. Given the same 10-items true-false test, what is the probability of getting exactly 5 correct answers?

A. (12)5(12)5(10!/2!)

B. (12)5(12)5

C. (12)5(12)5(10!/5!)

D. (12)5(12)5(10C5)

A. Given two events A and B, and (A & B) occurs, P(AB) is equal to the probability that B occurs

multiplied by the probability that A occurs given that B occurs.

B. If A & B are independent, the probability that B occurs given that A occurs, is equal to the

probability that B occurs.

C. If A & B are mutually independent and collectively exhaustive, the sum of their probabilities are

equal to 1.

D. If A & B are independent, the probability of their intersection is equal to the product of their

probabilities.

9. If the sample space S is partitioned to k subsets and events B1, B2, B3, ..., Bk are collectively

exhaustive and mutually exclusive, then for any event A subset of S, P(A) =?

k

A.

P ( Bi A)

C.

i=1

k

B.

i=1

k

P ( B ) P ( B A)

i

i=1

P ( B ) P ( B A)

D.

P ( B A)

i

i=1

NAME:

____________________________________

STUDENT NUMBER:

____________________________________

SECTION:

_______________

10. If the probability that a commuter will make a mistake on what bus route to take along EDSA is 0.05,

find the probability that both Juan and John will both make mistakes given that Juana and Joanne

will NOT make mistakes. The four are unrelated.

C. (0.052)(0.052)

D. 0.052 + 0.052

A. 0.05 + 0.05

B. 0.052

11. The number of days that a student is considered as absent throughout one semester is an example

of:

A. Discrete random variable only

B. Continuous random variable only

12. If

A.

D. Neither, not a random variable

X is a valid discrete random variable, then the following holds true except:

X x is an event.

B.

C. X is any-real valued function on the sample space.

D. P ( X = x ) corresponds to a positive real number for any x .

13. The number of contractual labourers

probability distribution:

x

20

30

40

P ( X = x ) 0.21 0.65 0.14

How many labourers are expected to work in a certain day?

A. 29.0

B. 29.3

C. 29.5

D. 30.0

14. From #13, if the number of items produced in a certain day is described by

many items are expected to be produced in a certain day?

A. 610

B. 616

C. 626

D. 630

A. Mean

B. Mean square

C. Variance

D. Standard deviation

16. Which of the following correctly computes for P ( a < X b) for a continuous random variable

For the choices below, the term f X ( x ) refers to the PDF of

X?

variables CDF.

A.

f X ( b) f X ( a )

C. FX ( b) FX ( a ) + f X ( b)

B.

FX ( b) FX ( a )

D. FX ( b) FX ( a ) + f X ( b) f X ( a )

NAME:

____________________________________

STUDENT NUMBER:

____________________________________

SECTION:

_______________

17. What should be the value for b so that the probability density function below will be valid for a

continuous random variable X ? BONUS

"$ 2x + b, 0 x < 3

fX ( x ) = #

0,

otherwise

%$

A. 3/2

B. 3

C. 8/3

D. 2/3

18. Which of the following is a valid CDF of a purely continuous random variable?

A.

C.

B.

D.

2

Determine the mean square value for the random variable, or E !" X #$ .

A. 7

B. 9

C. 19

D. 25

A.

FY ( y = a ) is equivalent to

a

0

fY ( y ) dy .

C. It is equal to zero since we have a continuous random variable.

D. It is the probability that the random variable Y can have a value equal to a .

Long Quiz 01

EEE 25: Probability and Statistics for Electrical and Electronics Engineers 2015

NAME:

____________________________________

STUDENT NUMBER:

____________________________________

SECTION:

_______________

PROBLEM SOLVING: Write your complete solution and/or proof. Label your graphs completely. You may

attach additional sheets of ruled paper if the spaces are not enough. A specific color of ruled paper is

assigned to each problem for this case. Be sure to box your final answers.

PROBLEM 01 (15 POINTS, YELLOW): An EEE bar tender was asked to make a recipe chart of his three best

cocktails. His cocktails are as follows:

Cocktail

Bloody Bayes

Laplace on the beach

Faraday Island

Symbol

B

L

F

Ingredients

rum, coke, strawberry syrup, sugar

beer, coke, hot sauce, sugar

tequila, strawberry syrup, hot sauce, sugar

2. (1 POINT EACH) Solve the following

a. ((~B)F)L

b. (~B)(~F)

c. (~B)(~F)(~L)

d. The mode of the ingredients list

3. (8 POINTS) The bartender has prepared 10-liter mix capable of supplying 40% B or 30% L or 30% F.

The ratio of coke to beer is always 75% while the ratio of coke to rum is 3:2. If there is 500ml sugar

and 750ml hot sauce for the concoction, how many liters of pure tequila is available? Draw and

complete the Venn diagram for the 10-liter mix.

Solutions:

1. Regions:

1. Others

2. Rum

3. Tequila

4. Beer

5. Coke

6. Strawberry Syrup

7. Hot Sauce

8. Sugar

2. a. hotsauce

b. beer

c. rum

d. sugar

3. Regions (in liters):

Rum

1.125

Tequila

1.125

Beer

1.00

Coke

0.75

Strawberry Syrup

Hot Sauce 0.75

Sugar

0.5

Others

5.875

0.625

Long Quiz 01

EEE 25: Probability and Statistics for Electrical and Electronics Engineers 2015

NAME:

____________________________________

STUDENT NUMBER:

____________________________________

SECTION:

_______________

PROBLEM 02 (15 POINTS, BLUE): In Metro Manila, it's rainy one third (1/3) of the days. Given that it is rainy,

there will be heavy traffic with probability 0.50, and given that it is not rainy, there will be heavy traffic

with probability 0.25.

If it's rainy and there is heavy traffic, Juan arrives late for work with probability 0.50. On the other hand,

the probability of Juan being late is reduced to 0.125 if it is not rainy and there is no heavy traffic. In

other situations (rainy and no traffic, not rainy and traffic) the probability of being late is 0.25. Picking a

random day, find the probability that Juan is late.

Use the following representation for the different events involved:

Random Variable

R

T

L

Description

Rainy day

Heavy traffic

Juan is late for work

For quick reference, the information given in the problem is summarized below:

Probability Statement

P(R)

P(T | R)

P(T | ~R)

P(L|(R T))

A.

B.

C.

D.

HINT:

Value

1/3

0.50

0.25

0.50

Probability Statement

P(L|(~R ~T))

P(L|(~R T))

P(L|(R ~T))

Value

0.125

0.25

0.25

(3 POINTS) Find the probability that it is not traffic given it is raining P(T'|R).

(3 POINTS) Find the probability that it is not traffic given it is not raining P (T'|R').

(6 POINTS) Find the probability that Juan is late P(L).

Find the following probabilities: P(~R), P(R T), P(~R ~T), P(R ~T), P(~R T).

SOLUTION:

A.

P(T) = P(T | R) P(R) + P(T | R') P(R')

= (12)(1/3) + (14) (2/3)

P(T) = 1/3

B.

P(T'|R) = 1 - P(T|R)

=1 12

P(T'|R) = 12

C.

P(T'|R') = 1 - P(T|R')

=1 14

P(T'|R') = 3/4

D.

P(L) = P(LRT) + P(LR'T ') + P(LRT ') + P(LR'T)

= P(L|RT)P(RT) + P(L|R'T ')P(R'T ') + P(L|RT ')P(RT ') + P(L|R'T)P(R'T) = (12)P(T|R)P(R) +

(1/8)P(T '|R')P(R') + (14)P(T '|R)P(R) + (14) P(T |R')P(R')

= (1/2)(1/2)(1/3) + (1/8)(3/4)(2/3) + (1/4)(1/2)(1/3) + (1/4)(1/4)(2/3)

= 11/48

P(L) = 11/48

Long Quiz 01

EEE 25: Probability and Statistics for Electrical and Electronics Engineers 2015

NAME:

____________________________________

STUDENT NUMBER:

____________________________________

SECTION:

_______________

PROBLEM 03 (15 POINTS, PINK): Suppose a randomly selected family has 3 children. Let

boys in the family. Assume that having a boy and girl is equally likely (i.e., P G = P B

( )

B the number of

) = 0.50 ). Assume

1. (4 POINTS) How many outcomes are possible? What is the probability of each outcome?

HINT: Providing a table might help you analyze this problem.

2. (2 POINTS) What is the range of B ?

3. (5 POINTS) Derive the PDF equation fB b .

( )

4. (2 POINTS) What is the probability that a randomly-selected family has at least one boy?

5. (2 POINTS) What is the expected number of boys in a randomly-selected, three-children family?

SOLUTION AND ANSWERS

NO PARTIAL POINTS

1. Outcomes:

2 2 2 = 23 = 8

2. Range of B = {0, 1, 2, 3}

3. PDF of B: fB b = 0.125

( )

4.

P ( B 1) = 1 P ( B = 0 ) = 0.875

5.

Long Quiz 01

EEE 25: Probability and Statistics for Electrical and Electronics Engineers 2015

NAME:

____________________________________

STUDENT NUMBER:

____________________________________

SECTION:

_______________

PROBLEM 04 (15 POINTS, GREEN): A computer program can generate a series of pseudo-random

numbers, which we can treat as a random variable X that follows a uniform distribution. For example, a

set of pseudo-random numbers coming from the range [0,1] will have the probability density function

below:

" 1, 0 x < 1

$

fX ( x ) = #

$

% 0, otherwise

A. (5 POINTS) Determine the mean and variance of X .

B. (3 POINTS) What is the probability that X will have a value that is one standard deviation away

from its mean?

C. (7 POINTS) A set of random numbers from a different interval a, b can be generated by using

with the mapping. What is mean and variance of Y in terms of a and b .

SOLUTION AND ANSWER:

E.

Correct mean

E [ X ] is given two (2) points, and correct variance X2 is given three (3) points. All

E [X] =

1

0

xf X ( x ) dx

x dx

= 0.50x

2 x=1

x=0

= 0.50

F.

Solving for

2

2

X2 = E "#( X E [ X ]) $% = E "# X 2 $% ( E [ X ])

2

= E "# X 2 $% ( 0.50 )

1

0

x3

=

3

x 2 dx 0.25

x=1

0.25 =

x=0

1

or 0.0833

12

points.

Since we are looking for the probability that a continuous RV can have an exact value, the answer

must be ZERO.

G. Correct mean

E [Y ] is given three (3) points, and correct variance Y2 is given four (4) points. All

Long Quiz 01

EEE 25: Probability and Statistics for Electrical and Electronics Engineers 2015

NAME:

____________________________________

STUDENT NUMBER:

____________________________________

SECTION:

_______________

2

2

Y2 = E "#(Y E [Y ]) $% = E "#Y 2 $% ( E [Y ])

2

2

= E "&{a + ( b a ) X } $' {0.50 ( a + b)}

#

%

2

2

= E "&a 2 + 2a ( b a ) X + {( b a ) X } $' 0.25 ( a + b)

#

%

E [Y ] = E "#a + ( b a ) X $%

= E [ a] + (b a) E [ X ]

= a + ( b a ) ( 0.50 )

= 0.50 ( a + b)

2

2

= a 2 + 2a ( b a ) E [ X ] + ( b a ) E "# X 2 $% 0.25 ( a + b)

2

= a 2 + 2a ( b a ) E [ X ] + ( b a ) X2 + ( E [ X ]) 0.25 ( a + b)

+

2( 1

2

= a 2 + 2a ( b a ) ( 0.50 ) + ( b a ) * + 0.50 2 - 0.25 ( a + b)

) 12

,

1

= a 2 + ab a 2 + ( b 2 2ab + a 2 ) 0.25 ( b 2 + 2ab + a 2 )

3

(1 1 + 2 ( 2 1 +

(1 1 +

= * - a + *1 - ab + * - b 2

)3 4,

) 3 2,

)3 4,

1

2

1

1

2

= a 2 ab + b 2 = ( a b)

12

12

12

12

Long Quiz 01

EEE 25: Probability and Statistics for Electrical and Electronics Engineers 2015

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