Sie sind auf Seite 1von 7

Engineering report

By Jimmy

Wu

Introduction
The purpose of this report is to outline the historical and
technical facts about a household appliance. The household
appliance I am going to discuss is a Television. The first
television was built by Philo T. Farnsworth when he was
fourteen years old, and he was the first to successfully
demonstrate the principle in his lab in San Francisco on
September 7 1927. Paul Niko of Germany made the first crude
television in 1884. His mechanical system used a scanning disk
with small holes to pick up image fragments and imprint them
on a light-sensitive selenium tube. A receiver reassembled the
picture. In 1888 W. Halacha applied photoelectric cells in
cameras; cathode rays were demonstrated as devices for
reassembling the image at the receiver by Boris Rosing of
Russia and A. A. Campbell-Swinton of Great Britain both
working independently in 1907. Countless radio pioneers
including Thomas Edison invented methods of broadcasting
television signals. The future of television is now. High
Definition Television was developed by the Japanese Broadcast
Corporation and first demonstrated in 1982. This system
produces a movie-quality picture by using a 1,125-line picture
on a "letter-box" format screen with a 16 to nine width to height
ratio. High-quality flat screens suitable for HDTV are being
perfected using synthetic diamond film to emit electrons in the
first application of synthetic diamonds in electronic
components. Television is certainly one of the most influential
forces of our time. Through the device called a television set or
TV you are able to receive news, sports, entertainment
information and commercials. Television today has a lot of
positive effects and influences on our society and our American
culture. Television gives us helpful information various forms of
education and entertainment which are all a part of the positive
effects that television has on our society.

Engineering report

By Jimmy

Wu

DESCRIPTION
A television, commonly referred to as TV telly or the tube is a
telecommunication medium used for transmitting sound with
moving images in monochrome black-and-white or in colour
and in two or three dimensions. It can refer to a television set, a
television program or the medium of television transmission.
Television is a mass medium for entertainment education news
and advertising.
How is it made
The design of the television requires input and teamwork on the
part of a range of design engineers. Audio video plastics fibre
optics and electronics engineers all participate in
conceptualizing a new television design and the technical and
sales features that will set it apart. A new design of television
may have one or many new applications of technology as
features. It may only be a different size of an existing model or
it may include an array of new features such as an improved
sound system a remote control that also controls other
entertainment devices, and an improved screen or picture such
as the flat black screens that have entered the marketplace
recently.
Manufacturing/ How is it assembled
Almost all television housings are made of plastic by the
process of injection moulding in which precision molds are
made and liquid plastic is injected under high pressure to fill
the molds. The pieces are released from the molds trimmed,

Engineering report

By Jimmy

Wu

and cleaned. They are then assembled to complete the


housing. The molds are designed so that brackets and supports
for the various components are part of the housing.
The television picture tube, or cathode ray tube is made of
precision glass that is shaped to have a slightly curved plate at
the front or screen. It may also have a dark tint added to the
face plate glass either during production of the glass or by
application directly to the inside of the screen. Darker face
plates produce improved picture contrast. When the tube is
manufactured, a water suspension of phosphor chemicals is
allowed to settle on the inside of the face plate and this coating
is then overlaid with a thin film of aluminium that lets electrons
pass through. The aluminium serves as a mirror to prevent light
from bouncing back into the tube.

Audio system
The housing also contains fittings for speakers, wiring, and
other parts of the audio system. The speakers are usually made
by a specialized manufacturer to the specifications of the
television manufacturer so they are assembled in the set as
components or a subassembly. Electronic sound controls and
integrated circuitry are assembled in panels in the set as it

Engineering report

By Jimmy

Wu

travels along the assembly line

Electronic parts
When the picture tube and the audio speakers and attachments
are assembled in the set other electronic elements are added
to the rear of the set. The antennae cable jacks other input and
output jacks the electronics for receiving remote control signals
and other devices are prepared by specialty contractors or as
subassemblies elsewhere on the assembly line. They are then
mounted in the set and the housing is closed.

Quality Control

Engineering report

By Jimmy

Wu

As with all precision devices, quality control for the


manufacture of the television is a rigid process. Inspections
laboratory testing and field testing are performed during the
development of prototypes and throughout manufacture so the
resulting television is not only technologically sound but safe
for use in homes and businesses.
How does it work
Where radio transmits a sound signal through the air television
sends a picture signal as well. You probably know that these
signals are carried by radio waves invisible patterns of
electricity and magnetism that race through the air at the
speed of light Think of the radio waves carrying information like
the waves on the sea carrying surfers the waves themselves
aren't the information the information surfs on top of the
waves.
Materials used
The materials used in making a television include metals,
plastics, glass, fluorescent chemical coatings, solder, and
silicon. They are used to make various parts.

Analysis
Materials such as solder and silicon are great cause theyre not
that electro conductive. All the electronic parts are well fitted
so they dont collide with each other. The audio system is very
good and are tested often before being put to sale. Now we see
more advanced television such as smart television where you
can scan the internet easily with is also an improvement to the
product and engineers have made is so theyre not that much
technical problems by designing the product correctly and
equally. The problem with television is people get very
attracted to it especially young children at the age of 5-17. The
fifteen per cent of five-year-olds who spend at least three hours
in front of the television each day are at a slightly higher risk of
anti-social behaviour by the age of seven Glasgow University

Engineering report

By Jimmy

Wu
researchers found. Most of the smart television that are coming
out are not waterproof they can get destroyed easily is water in
put on them many people complain how it is easily breakable
and destroyable.

Recommendation/conclusion
In the old products we will see the televises had only black and
white images and some of them didnt even have sound. Knows
televises have coloured images and high quality sound today
we can get live broadcasting radio to connect to our tv to get
the latest updates. Back then the old tv had only disc or
recoding playing images skip very fast now we have dvd or
radio castes to listen and watch. The ways you can improve the
todays television is to make it waterproof and to make it harder
if engineers can make a television with a material which has
good durability it can solve many problems of the todays
television.

Appendix

Engineering report

By Jimmy

Wu

Bibliography
https://www.google.com.au/search?
q=materials+to+make+a+television&biw=1920&bih=979&sou
rce=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiGg9yDqtHLAhXH3a
YKHY3qBXAQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=SieERvA95zPYbM%3A
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/children/9952564/Telev
ision-link-to-behaviour-problems-in-young-children.html
https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?
q=cache:balr_Vo36MEJ:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Television+
&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=au
http://www.aftrs.edu.au/short-courses/television