Sie sind auf Seite 1von 45

1

A Tracer Study in the Employment Status of Management


Graduates Batch 2008-2009

A Final Research Output as Part of Primary Course Requirement in


Business Planning and Research presented to:
PHINMA ARAULLO UNIVERSITY
CABANATUAN CITY
4MKMGT-1
Florida S. Aliga
Liezel Caguinging
Rosalyn Diaz
Shirley Marcelo
Richard Sugayan
Marilyn B. Yuzon

ADVISER: Aileen L. Bagasan, MBA


CHAPTER I

THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING


INTRODUCTION
Business management course is a promising course wherein
students are given a chance to serve people and practice, guide
people and most importantly obtain money form job perspective.
Aside from being a colored job which earned the potential of
being the backbone in business, this degree can obtain job in
policy work, research and others too. The choice of a career is,
therefore, not merely a decision of a moment: it is a complex and
difficult process that spans a number of years (Ginsburg, 2009),
if not a lifetime.
Nowadays,

various

schools

are

evenly

existing

producing

thousands of graduates. Tracer studies are useful tools to get


further information and to have knowledge about the course and
the school. This tracer study aimed at providing information
regarding the whereabouts of the graduates as well as the school
to have an adjustment with the help of the feedbacks from the
Management graduates of College of Management and Accountancy in
Phinma- Araullo University.
The study also provides information which can help others in
assessing

them

for

choosing

availability of job.
RATIONALE OF THE STUDY

the

same

course

because

of

the

This study aims to determine the employment status of the


Bachelor

of

Science

in

Business

Administration

major

in

Management graduates from academic year 2008 to 2009. The study


is also concerned of what type of employment the graduates have
gained and whether they have productive and high salaried jobs.
The

up

surge

in

number

of

College

of

Management

Administration graduates, employment opportunities for students


have become competitive. In line with the mission of Phinma
Araullo University to educate responsible and committed citizens,
the university evaluates the means on how its graduates shall
fare with their employment scene after the training. It is in
this respect and context that the study was conducted.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
The ILO Thesaurus( 2005 )defines a tracer study as an impact
assessment tool where the "impact on target groups is traced back
to specific elements of a project or programme so that effective
and

ineffective

project

components

may

be

identified."

In

educational research the tracer study is sometimes referred to as


a graduate or alumni survey since its target group is former
students.

Gayosa (2009) also believes that surveys should also include


information "about the kind of work task the relationship between
study and work, and professional values and job satisfaction."

The information gained from survey items can be used by the


graduate's alma mater and indeed other education stakeholders for
curriculum development and reform.
A tracer study was conducted by Johan, (2009) on of the
graduates of the University of Malawi who graduated between 1987
and 1995. This tracer study was part of a comparative study on
higher education in Africa.
The main objectives of the tracer study were to: investigate
the transition process from higher education to: shed light on
the course of employment and work over a five year period after
graduation; analyze the relationships between higher education
and work in a broad perspective which includes
of

personal

goals

such

as

job

satisfaction

the fulfillment
and

objective

measurement like job position, income, job security and the type
of work; find out what factors are important for professional
success of graduates taking into account personal factors like
gender, work motivation, acquired qualifications during course of
study and labor market conditions; evaluate on the basis of the
experience

and

views

of

graduates,

central

aspects

of

the

University, including resources, facilities and curriculum and


get feedback for their improvement; and identify key aspects of
the continuing professional education of graduates, and themes
and kinds of courses, including extent, cost, location, reasons
for participation, proposals for University courses.(Zembere and

Chinyama, 2006) The findings from this University of Malawi study


indicate that graduates were satisfied with teaching quality,
course content and the knowledge gained. However less than 50% of
the respondents gave good ratings for resources and facilities.
According to Burnside (2007), there is "a deep need among workers
to ensure that they have the means for a successful career path.
To attain this, they first need skills that bring success in
their current jobs, that are portable to their next jobs, and
that increase market value they need legitimating that degrees
such as MBAs can bring but delivered in a way that fits into
their daily lives.
Local Studies
According to Verona (2011) recommends the following based on
the findings of her tracer study on the employment status of the
graduates of Philippine Polytechnic of the Philippines-QC (PUPQC)
AY 2004-2005 that
Higher

on

Commission

The Government especially the Commission on

Education
(PRC)

(CHED)

should

and

the

Professional

pursue

all

the

graduate

Regulation
to

take

professional examinations for them to be able to land to an


eligible type of job and to heighten its mandate to regulate and
supervise the practice of the professionals who constitute the
highly skilled manpower of the country and for the Department of
Labor in Employment (DOLE) in strengthening their mandates and
coordination of their response to critical issues in Philippine

Employment and Job Markets; (2) The Polytechnic University of the


Philippines Quezon City, Administrative Officials to organize
seminars, symposium, lectures and trainings to the graduating
students of the university focusing in finding jobs after college
and through channeling to other departments of the government and
other companies for helping the graduates finding their jobs
after

graduation;

(3)The

parents

should

fully

support

their

children from studying in their bachelors degree up to finding


their careers after graduation; (4) The graduates should aim for
reaching higher job position in their respective jobs, for them
to be able to be honored that they are competing in the world of
professionals with excellence; and (5). The future researchers of
the same study should have all the drive to trace the graduates
in timely and systematically manner for them to arrive in a very
satisfactory result.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The

study

graduates

of

aims

Bachelor

to
of

determine
Science

the
in

employability
Business

of

the

Administration

(BSBA) major in Management at PHINMA Araullo University from


Academic Year 2008 to 2009. Specifically, it sought to answer the
following:
1. What is the general profile of BSBA Management graduates batch
2008 in terms of;

1.1 Civil Status;


1.2 Sex;
1.3

Current Address;

2. What is the educational background of the graduates in terms


of the following:
2.1 Honors and Awards Received during College
2.2
2.3
2.4

Professional Skills
Professional Examination Taken
Reason for taking the course

3. What is the employment data of the graduates in terms of the


following:
3.1 Presently Employed
3.1.1 Present Employment Status
3.1.2 Present Occupation or Position
3.1.3 Nature of the Employing Company
3.1.4 Place or Area of Work
3.1.5 Whether it is First Job or Not
3.1.6 Reasons for staying on the job
3.1.7 Reasons for accepting the Job
3.1.8 Reasons for changing the job
3.1.9 Length of service with the first job
3.1.10 Means of finding the First Job
3.1.11 Waiting Time for the Graduate to Land on their
First Job
3.1.12 Job level position
3.1.13 Initial Gross Monthly Earning during the First
Job
3.1.14 Competencies Acquired Relevant to their Desired
Job
3.2 Unemployed
3.2.1 Reason/s for not yet employed

THEORETICAL/CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
1. General Profile:
1.1 Gender
1.2 Civil Status
1.3 Current Address
2. Educational Background:
2.1 Honors and Awards
Received
2.2 Professional Skills
2.3 Professional Examination
2.4 Reasons for taking the
Course

Employment Status
of the Graduates

3. Employment Data:
3.1 Presently Employed
3.2 Present Employment Status
3.3 Present Occupation or Position
3.4 Nature of Employing Company
3.5 Place or Area of Work
3.6 Wheather it is First Job or Not
3.7 Reasons for staying on the job
3.8 Reasons for accepting the Job
3.9 Reasons for changing the job
3.10 Length of service with the
first job
3.11 Means of finding the First Job
3.12 Waiting Time for the Graduate
to Land on their First Job
3.13 Job level position
3.14 Initial Gross Monthly Earning
during the First Job
3.2 Unemployed
3.2.1 Reason/s for not yet employed

Employment
Status of the
Graduates

10

Figure 1. Conceptual Framework

Figure 1. It illustrates Conceptual Framework consisting of three


part one is the general profiles of the respondents comprising of
the gender, civil status and current address; and the educational
profile comprising the honors and awards received, professional
skills,

professional examination taken and reasons for taking

the course
employed,

while the employment data comprising of the Presently


present

employment

status,

present

occupation

or

position, nature of the employing company, place or area of work,


wheather it is first job or not, reasons for staying on the job,
reasons for accepting the job, reasons for changing the job, the
length of service with the first job, their means of finding the
first job, waiting time for the graduate to land on their first
job, job level position, initial gross monthly earning during the
first job, and if they are unemployed, what are the reason/s for
not yet employed.
These variables would determine the employment status of the
graduates.

11

DEFINITION OF TERMS
For the better understanding of the study, the following
terms are defined
Alumni.

It

successfully

refers

to

completed

the

the

class

degree

of

of

individual

Bachelor

of

who

had

Management

administration in Araullo University in Cabanatuan City.


Career Paths. It refers to the career ladder of the respondents
from their first job up to their present employment.
Procurement of Job. The term refers to the time exerted by the
graduates in seeking their employment based on what they had
graduated.
Araullo University, Phinma Education Network. It refers to the
comprehensive

educational

institution

which

is

center

of

development/excellence in transforming students, alumni and other


clientele

into

professionals

high

and/or

quality,
middle

competent

level

and

manpower

ethical
in

the

leaders,
fields

of

science, technology, education, management arts and technologybased education and training.

12

Underemployment. This refers to the graduates who are employed


incongruent to the kind of course they have or outside their area
of profession or specialization they possessed.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY


The

study

regarding

the

employment

status

of

Management

Graduates of AU, 2008-2009 are important to the following:


School. It will be important materials for them to detect
the reason why many Management graduates are unemployed and know
the

different

problems

they

experienced

in

attaining

the

employment. This will be a good material to evaluate the schools


quality of education and attaining and determining its goals in
giving a quality of education necessary for the employment of the
graduates.
Management Students. The result of the study will serve as
their inspiration in attaining their goals in life, to lessen the
experiences they will be attained based on the experiences of the
graduates in seeking for their future employment.
Graduates. This will serves as their voice in giving all
their experiences, their hardship on finding job, so that readers
and future teachers will be guided in seeking better alternatives
in minimizing the problems they will be face in their employment

13

Future Researchers. The data in the study will serve as


their future reference when they conducted study similar to this
one.

SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY


The

study

is

only

University

B.S.B.A

Major

gathering

reliable

data

focused
in
to

on

tracking

Management
assess

what

Phinma

Graduates

of

happened

to

Araullo

SY2009
the

by

said

graduates after graduation. The researchers may conduct study by


getting the names of the graduates Students of 2009 from Registrar
Department of Phinma Araullo University.
The

study

used

as

descriptive

method

of

research

using

interviews as source of data. The limits of the study are the


Phinma Araullo University BSBA Management Graduates of School year
2009.

14

CHAPTER II
METHODOLOGY
This

chapter

discusses

deals

the

with

the

respondents

research
of

the

design
study,

mechanics.
materials

It
and

instruments, data collection and data analysis.


Research Design
Descriptive Method. The descriptive research method refers
to the method used to describe data and characteristics used to
describe the population.
The purpose of using the descriptive method is to acquire
accurate, systematic data that can provide the researchers with
an actual picture of the data set.
Respondents of the Study
The

Respondents

of

the

study

are

the

Bachelor

of

Science in Business Administration Major in Management graduates


batch 2008-2009. There were total of 26 Business AdministrationMajor

in

Management

graduates

for

the

period

under

study.

However, due to communication deficiencies and time constraints

15

only

21

or

80%

of

the

total

population

responded

from

the

questionnaire.

Materials and instrument used


Source of Data
The researchers send two classes of data, primary data and
secondary

data.

They

used

the

following

data

gathering

techniques.
a) Primary Source of Data
The researchers conducted survey questionnaire by gathering
information to the graduates of BSBA Major in Management of batch
2008-2009. Survey questionnaires are distributed to all graduated
students

in

Phinma-AU

to

acquire

information

needed

in

the

preparation and completion of the study. By means of these, the


researchers were able to gather data and information regarding
this study.
b) Secondary Source of Data
The researchers used internet services to gather related
literature or studies of tracer study that will guide them in
preparing the research study.

16

The

researchers

used

the

Questionnaire.

Questionnaire

is

research instrument consisting of a series of questions and other


prompts

for

the

purpose

of

gathering

information

from

the

respondents.
Data Gathering Procedure
In the first phase of the study, data was obtained from the
records section of the College through the Registrar Office, and
from the College of Management and Accountancy Department. The
survey

questionnaires

were

disseminated

to

the

respondents

through emails, cell phones and use of social networking sites.


Data Collection
The survey questionnaires are distributed and retrieved by
the researchers. After collecting and gathering all the data in
the questionnaires, the responses are tallied and analyze.

17

CHAPTER III
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
This chapter presents the analysis and interpretations of
gathered data related to general profile, educational profile and
employment background of the respondents.

Using textual and

tabular forms to answer questions posed in Chapter I. All data


were computed, treated statistically, analyzed and interpreted.

A. General Profile of the Respondents


Table 1.Gender of the Respondents
GENDER

FREQUENCY

PERCENTAGE

Male

12

57.00%

Female

43.00%

Total

21

100.00%

The table shows the gender percentages on the totality of


the

respondents.

Out

of

21

respondents,

12

are

male

constitutes 57%) and 9 are female (which constitutes 43%).

(which

18

Table 2.Civil Status of the Respondents


Civil Status
Frequency
Single
10
Married
9
Separated
0
Widow or Widower
0
Single Parent
2
Total
21
As of: DECEMBER 2014

Percentage
48%
42%
0
0
10%
100%

Shown in Table 2 are the percentages of the Civil Status of


the respondents. Out of 21 respondents, 10 are single (comprising
48%), while 9 respondents belong to 42% of the population are
married individuals and the remaining 2 or 10% are single parent.
Table 3.Location of Residence
OFFICIAL RESIDENCE

FREQUENCY

PERCENTAGE

City

13

62%

Municipality

19%

Abroad

19%

Total

21

100%

As of: DECEMBER 2014


This

table

shows

the

proportion,

from

the

totality

of

respondents, representing their residences. 13 or 62% of the


respondents are currently residing in City. While 4 or 19% of the
respondents

are

currently

residing

in

remaining 4 are currently residing abroad.

Municipality.

And

the

19

B. Educational Background of the Respondents


Table 4.Honors and Awards Received
HONORS/AWARDS FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE
With

5%

Without

20

95%

Total

21

100%

As of: DECEMBER 2014


The table above shows the proportion of respondents who
graduated with honors/awards in contrast to those who graduated
without honors. Out of 21 respondents, only 1 of them graduated
with awards and the remaining 20 graduated without awards.

Table 5. Professional Skills


Professional Skills

FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Information Technology Skills

9.52%

Communication Skills

9.52%

Entrepreneurial Skills

9.52%

No Answer

15

71%

Total

21

100.00%

As of: DECEMBER 2014

20

Table 5 shows that 2 of them or 9.52% have IT skills, 2 or 9.52%


have Communication Skills and 2 or 9.52% have Entrepreneurial
Skills while the remaining 15 didnt answer the question.
Table 6. Professional Examination(s) Passed
Professional Examination
Passed
None
Passed
Failed
TOTAL

Frequency

Percentage

19
0
2
21
As of: DECEMBER 2014

90%
0%
10%
100%

The table 6 shows that 19 or 90% of the respondents had no


professional examination taken while the remaining 2 or 10% take
the Civil Service Examination but didnt passed.
Table 7. Reasons for taking the Course
REASONS FOR TAKING THE COURSE

FREQUENCY

RANK

Influence of parents or relatives

4.5

Prospect for immediate employment

Opportunity for employment abroad

Affordable for the family

4.5

Prospect of attractive compensation

Good grades in High School

Status or prestige of the profession


Availability

of

chosen institution

course

offering

in

21

Prospect of career advancement


Strong passion for the profession

18

Peer influence
Inspired by a role model
No particular choice or no better idea
Others
As of: DECEMBER 2014

The

table

Management

shows

course.

the

reasons

Strong

why

passion

the

for

graduates

the

chose

profession

is

the
the

number one reason followed by Opportunity for employment abroad


followed by affordable by the family and influences by parents or
relative and lastly is the prospect of attractive compensation.

C. Employment Data of the Respondents


Table 8. Number of Respondents Who Are Presently Employed
PRESENTLY EMPLOYED

Frequency

Percentage

Yes

19

90%

No

10%

Total

21

100%

As of: DECEMBER 2014

Table 8 shows that 90% of the respondents were employed while the
remaining 10% are unemployed.

22

Table 9. Present Employment Status


Present Employment Status

Frequency

Percentage

Regular or permanent

16

84%

Contractual

6%

Probationary

0%

Self-employed

10%

Casual

0%

Total

19

100%

As of: DECEMBER 2014

Table

shows

the

proportion

of

the

present

employment

statuses of the 19 respondents who are currently employed (as


exhibited in Table 8). Sixteen (16) respondents, constituting
84%, landed on regular or permanent jobs. One (1) respondent,
which constitutes 6%, is in contractual employment status. And 2
or 10% is self-employed.

23

Table 10.Present Occupation or Position


Present Occupation

Frequency

Percentage

Office Secretary

Bus. Client Relation Assistant

6%

Account Officer

6%

Sales Staff/ Staff / Sales Officer

11

57%

Manager

15%

Self-employed

10%

Administrative Officer

6%

Others

Total

19

100%

As of: DECEMBER 2014

This table shows the ratios of the present occupations of


the 19 respondents who are currently employed. Out of the 19
respondents, one (1) is a Business Client Relation Assistant also
one (1) of them is an administrative officer and account officer.
Eleven (11) respondents were sales staff and staff and also three
(3) of them were Branch Manager. The other two (2) were selfemployed or having their own business.
Table 11. Nature of the Employing Company
Nature of the Employing

Frequency

Company
Management Consultancy Firms

Percentage

24

Property

Development/Construction
Telecommunications

Microfinance

10%

Foods and Beverages

0%

Educational Institutions

0%

Transportation/Shipping

Insurance

5%

Motorcycle and Car Dealership

10%

Manufacturing

22%

Pharmaceutical

Retail

Agriculture

Lending

10%

Others

5%

Total

19

100%

33%

As of: DECEMBER 2014

Table 11 shows the proportions, among the 19 respondents, of


the nature of their employing companies 6 of them or 33% of the
total respondents are employed in Retail Business the other 4 or
22% are employed in Manufacturing, the 2 respondents or 10% are
in the field of Motor Dealership, One (1) is on the insurance,
Two (2) is on lending and the 15% or 3 of the total respondents
are on the Microfinance Business the remaining 5% is employed in
Business Process Outsourcing.

25

Table 12. Place of Area or Work


PLACE OF WORK

FREQUENCY

PERCENTAGE

Local

15

79%

Abroad

21%

Total

19

100%

As of: DECEMBER 2014


This table shows the percentages of workplaces where the
respondents are employed. Out of the 19 employed respondents, 15
of them or 79% are working in the Philippines while 4 or 21% are
working Abroad; usually they are employed in Dubai.
Table 13.Whether First Job or Not
FIRST JOB
Yes

FREQUENCY
0

PERCENTAGE
0%

26

No

19

100%

Total

19

100%

As of: DECEMBER 2014

The table above displays the percentages whether the present


jobs of the employed respondents are their first or not. Out of
19 employed respondents all of them are not.

Table 14.Reasons for Changing the Job


REASONS FOR CHANGING THE JOB

FREQUENCY

RANK

Salaries and benefits

16

Proximity to residence

Career Challenge

3.5

Related to course of program 2

3.5

of study
OTHERS

As of: DECEMBER 2014

Table

14

shows

the

ranking

of

the

reasons

of

the

19

respondents, why they change their first job. The reason of


salaries and benefits came in first place. Second highest reasons
are proximity to residence and in the third place are, career
challenge and Related to Course of Program of Study and the other
is in the last place.

27

Table 15. Length of Service for the first job.

DURATION

FREQUENCY

PERCENTAGE

Less than a month

10%

1-6 Months

32%

7-11 Months

16%

1-2 Years

37%%

3-4 Years

5%

Total

19

100%

As of: DECEMBER 2014

The table 15 shows the duration on how long the graduates stay on
their first job. The 2 or 10% of the graduates stay for at Less
than a month, the 6 or 32% stay for 1-6 months, while the 3 or
16% stay on their first job for at least 7-11 months and the
remaining 7 respondents or 37% stay on 1-2 years on their first
job. Only one of them stayed in his job for 3 Years.

28

Table 16.Means of Finding the First Job


MEANS OF FINDING THE FIRST JOB

FREQUENCY

Response to an advertisement

PERCENTAGE

Arranged by schools job placement 0

officer
As walk-in applicant

47%

Recommendation by someone

32%

Family business

5%

Job Fair or Public Employment

Information from friends

16%

Others

Total

19

100%

As of: DECEMBER 2014

Table

16

exhibits

the

percentages

of

how

the

19

respondents found their jobs. Out of 19 respondents,


were

walk-in

applicants,

or

32%

found

his/her

employed
9 or 47%
job

by

recommendation by Someone the other 3 or 16% found his/her job


through information from friends, and the remaining 1 or 5% is
for Family Business.

Table 17. Waiting Time before the Graduate Landed on their First
Job

29

DURATION

FREQUENCY

PERCENTAGE

Less than a Month

32%

1-6 Months

42%

7-11 Months

21%

1-2 Years

5%

Total

19

100%

As of: DECEMBER 2014

The table above shows the percentages of how long the respondents
had waited for them to land on their first jobs. Out of the 19
respondents who already had their first jobs, 6 respondents (32%)
waited for only less than a month before landing on their jobs, 8
respondents (42%) waited for 1-6 months before securing a job, 3
respondents (16%) had 7-11 months of waiting time before they
were hired, 1 respondent (5%) waited for 1 to 2 years to land on
his/her First Job.

Table 18. Job level Position


Job Level Position
First Job
Rank
Professional
Managerial

Frequency
15
4

Percentage
79%
21%

30

Self-employed
Total

19

Current Job

100%

Rank
Professional
Managerial
Executive
Self-employed

5
8
3
1
2
19
As of: DECEMBER 2014

Total

26%
42%
16%
5%
11%
100%

The table 18 shows that 79% or 15 out of 19 respondents were at


rank position during their first job and only 4 or 21% were at
professional level. Five or 26% of the respondents remained at
the

rank

position

and

or

42%

of

the

respondents

are

at

professional level, 3 or 16% are at managerial, one or 5% is on


Executive and the remaining 2 or 11% were self-employed.

Table 19.Initial Gross Monthly Earnings on their First Job

INITIAL GROSS MONTHLY

FREQUENCY

PERCENTAGE

EARNINGS
Below 5,000

47%

5,000-10,000

32%

10,000-15,000

21%

15,000-20,000
20,000-25,000

31

25,000 and above


Total

19

100%

As of: DECEMBER 2014

Table 19 displays the ranges of the initial gross monthly


earnings of the 19 respondents on their first jobs. Around 9
(47%) earned gross monthly earnings Below P5,000, 6 or 32% of the
total respondents earned 5,000-10,000, and the remaining 4 or 21%
earned 10,000 to less than 15,0000 a month.

Table 20.Competencies Acquired Relevant to their Job


COMPETENCIES

FREQUENCY

RANK

Communication Skills

13

Entrepreneurial Skills

3.5

Problem-solving skills

Human Relationship Skills

3.5

Technology 5

3.5

Information
Skills

Critical Thinking Skills

As of: DECEMBER 2014

32

The table above shows the ranking of the competencies the


respondents acquired which are relevant to their jobs. The prime
competency that respondents deem relevant to their present jobs
is

their

communication

skills.

Second

is

the

problem-solving

skill the third is the entrepreneurial, human relationship and


I.T skills. The fourth is their critical thinking skill.

Table 21.Reasons Why Not yet Employed


REASON WHY NOT EMPLOYED
Advance or further study

FREQUENCY
0

Family concern and decided not to 2

PERCENTGE
0%
100%

find a job
Health- related reason(s)

0%

Lack of work experience

0%

No job opportunity

0%

Did not look for a job yet

0%

Was not accepted in position in 0

0%

the company applied for


Total

100%

As of: DECEMBER 2014

This table shows the ratios of the reasons of the 2 respondents


(as displayed in Table 8) for being unemployed. A respondents

33

alleged it was because of family concern and decided not to find


a job.
CHAPTER V
SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS
This
conclusions

chapter

and

presents

recommendations

the

summary

drawn,

and

of

findings,

recommendations

offered based on the results of the study.


Summary
This

study

will

look

mainly

on

Tracer

Study

in

the

Employment Status of Management Graduates, Batch 2008-2009 in


PHINMA Araullo University which is composed of 21 graduates.
This

study

used

descriptive

type

of

research

and

questionnaires are the main tool in obtaining the data needed in


the study.
Findings
1. GENERAL PROFILE OF THE RESPONDENTS

From

the

21

respondents

57%

are

Male

and

43%

are

Female.

As to the Civil Status 48% are Single, 42% are Married


and the remaining 10% are single parent.

As to the location of the residence 62% are living in


City, 24% living in Municipalities and 19% are living
abroad.

34

2. EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND OF THE RESPONDENTS

In terms of honors and awards received 95% of the total


respondents graduated without honors or awards and only
one of them graduated with awards.

As to the Professional skills majority of them didnt


answer the question but some of them answered I.T,
Communication, and Entrepreneurial Skills.

10% of the respondents take Civil Service but they


failed

and

the

remaining

90%

doesnt

take

any

Professional examination.

The primary reason for taking BSBA Major in Management


is because of their strong passion for the profession
followed by Opportunity for employment abroad followed
by prospect for immediate employment, affordable for
the

family,

influence

of

parents

or

relatives

and

lastly, prospect of attractive compensation.


3. EMPLOYMENT DATA OF THE RESPONDENTS

90% of them are currently employed 10% are unemployed.

84%

are

regular

employees

contractual and self-employed.

and

the

remaining

are

35

As to present occupation 57% are employed as sales


staff, staff, sales officer followed by 15% manager 10%
of

them

is

self-employed

and

6%

is

administrative

officer.

The top five companies of the graduates are Retail,


Manufacturing,

Microfinance,

Lending,

and

Motor

Dealership.

79% of them decided to work here in the Philippines


while 21% working abroad.

As

to

question

whether

their

present

employment

is

their first job or not, 100% answered it was not their


first job.

The

primary

accepting

reason

their

of

job

the
is

employed

because

of

respondents

in

salaries

and

benefits.

The primary reason of the other percentage for changing


their job is because of salaries and benefits. It was
also revealed that 37% of them stayed in their first
job for 1 Year to less than 2 Years. 32% of the total
respondents stayed on their first job for almost 1-6
months.

The 47% of the respondents found their first job as


walk-in applicant and 32% recommended by someone and

36

the remaining 16% and 5% found their first job thru


information from friends and family business.

79%

employed

position

in

and

their
the

first

job

remaining

as
21%

rank

and

employed

file
as

professional. And as they are currently employed 42% of


them employed as professional.

47%

of

those

employed

disclosed

that

their

initial

gross monthly earnings in their first job are below


5,000.

32%

of

them

said

that

their

gross

monthly

earnings are 5,000 to less than 10,000.

Lastly, it was found out that Communication followed by


Problem-Solving
Relation,

I.T,

followed
and

by

lastly

is

Entrepreneurial,
the

Critical

Human

Thinking

Skills are the competencies acquired by the graduates


in

the

university

present employment.

that

they

find

useful

in

their

37

Conclusions
On the light of the findings of the study, researchers
concluded the following:
The general profile of BSBA major in Management Graduates
for April 2009 and October 2009 were mostly Male (57%), Single
(52%) and mostly of the graduates are residing in the Philippines
(86%).
Based on the findings the graduates take their course as
they have strong passion for the profession. The Graduates were
mostly

employed,

regular

employees,

their

job

occupancy

were

related to their bachelors degree and they currently employ in


different

industries

Philippines.

Only

few

and

multinational

graduated

prefer

companies
to

work

in

the

abroad.

Considering the Salaries and Benefits is the primary reason of


the

graduates

in

accepting

their

job.

However,

salaries

and

benefits is also a primary reason for changing their job.


Then it only takes 1-6 months to land for their first job
which are mostly rank level with salary ranging from less than
5,000 and P5, 000 to P10, 000 a month.

38

However, there are 10% of the graduates who are not yet
employed. The reasons why they are unemployed are because of
family concern and decided not to find a job.
Recommendations
Based on the conclusions, the following are recommended:
1. Graduates should participate in job fairs to be employed
but they need to choose the job that is in line with their course
or profession.
2. Proper communication with the alumni affair should be
established by graduates for their future employment.
3. Respondents should pursue further studies since most of
the employers and schools look for Masters Degree graduate as one
of the requirements prior to employment.
4. Tracer study should be conducted periodically to monitor
the career paths of graduates.

39

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Dotillos,
Mary
Aljaelen.
(2011).
Graduate
Tracer
Study.
http://graduatetracerstudy.tk/ Date Accessed: October 2012

Verona, Levy. (2011). A Tracer Study of the Employment Status of


PUPQC
AY
2004-2005.
http://www.scribd.com/doc/50720521/ATracer-Study-of-the-Employment-Status-of-PUPQC-AY-2004-2005/.
Date Accessed: October 2012

40

Bachelor of Science in Business Administration Major in


Management

2009
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Candelaria, Riza M.- no facebook account, not updated


Jacobe, Mary Grace V.- employed in RCBC Savings Bank, Manila
Reguyal, Noriel- employed in NEECO, Talavera
Taclas, Marvin- employed in Union Bank, San Jose
Alomia, Randy- employed in security pillars credit corp.,
Cabanatuan City
6. Gelico, Rachelle Ann- employed
7. Ramos, Mark Anthon Jim- no facebook account, not updated
8. Alcantara, Irenea S.- unemployed
9. Benedicto, Raymond- employed in National Housing Authority
10. Bumagat, Cherryvi- no facebook account, not updated
11. Cabatingan, Lorelie- self-employed in Cebu
12. Calma, Leshly- no facebook account, not updated
13. Cariaso, Archie Boy- employed in Puregold Cabanatuan
14. Carpio, Erwin- employed in Manila as sales representative
15. Espino, Ronnel- employed, sales agent
16. Hernandez, Khatrina Mae- employed in Topserve Manpower
solutions, INC
17. Mangalonzo, Mark Florence- employed in Dubai
18. Manuel, Arleigh- Deceased
19. Mendoza, Lady Catherine- employed in anchorland, holding
INC. Brokers
20. Nonog, Zyrene Joy- self-employed
21. Quilantang, Mark Ericson- employed
22. Reyes III, Esteban- employed
23. Sagnit, Christopher- employed
24. Umali, Roy- employed in Dubai
25. Valdepeas, Madel Dela Cruz- employed
26. Vilorai, Freida- unemployed

41

BSBA MANAGEMENT GRADUATE


TRACER STUDY
Survey Instrument

Dear Graduate:
Please complete this questionnaire as accurately and completely as possible.
Kindly provide the needed information or check (/) the space corresponding to your
response. Your answers will be used to assess graduate employability and
eventually, improve course offerings of PHINMA Araullo University. Your answers to
this survey will be treated with utmost confidentiality.
Thank you
1. GENERAL PROFILE
GENDER:
( ) Male ( ) Female
CIVIL STATUS:
( ) Single ( ) Married ( ) Separated ( ) Widow or Widower ( )
Single Parent
LOCATION OF RESIDENCE:
( ) City ( ) Municipality ( ) Abroad
2. EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
8. Educational Attainment ( Baccalaureate and Graduate Degree only )
Degree(s) &
Specialization
Received

College
University

__________________ ____________________
_____________________
__________________ ____________________
_____________________
__________________ ____________________
_____________________

Year
Graduated

Honor(s) or
Award(s)
___________
___________
___________

9. Professional Skills ( Please specify )


______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
10. Professional Examination(s) Passed
Name of Examination

Date Taken

Rating

42

_______________________

____________________

_______________________

____________________

____________________________
____________________________

11.Reason(s) for taking the course(s) or pursuing degree(s). You may check (/)
more than one answer.
BSBA Management
High grades in the course or subject
area(s) related to the course _______________
(
)
Good grades in high school
_________________
(
)
Influence of parents or relatives________________
Peer Influence

____________________________

Inspired by a role model ______________________

Strong passion for the profession _______________

Prospect for immediate employment_____________

Status or prestige of the profession________________

)
(

Availability of course offering in chosen institution_____

)
(

Prospect of career advancement _________________ (


)
Affordable for the family _______________________ (
)
Prospect of attractive compensation _______________ (
)
Opportunity for employment abroad _______________(
No particular choice or no better idea _____________

)
(

Others,
please
____________________________________________________________
D. EMPLOYMENT DATA
12.Are you presently employed?
please specify ______

) Yes

) No

specify

)Others,

If NO or NEVER EMPLOYED, proceed to Question 17. If YES, proceed to


Question 18-21.

43

13.Please state reason(s) why you are not yet employed. You may check (/) more
than one answer.
(
) Advance or further study
(
) No job opportunity
(
) Family concern and decided not to find a job (
) Did not look for a
job
(
) Health-related reason(s)
(
) Other reason(s),
please specify
(
) Lack of work experience
____________________________

14.Present Employment Status


(
) Regular or Permanent
(
)
Contractual ( ) Temporary
(
) Self-employed
(
) Casual
If self-employed, what skills acquired in college were you able to apply in your
work?
______________________________________________________________________________
15.Present occupation
______________________________________________________________________________
16.Name of Company or Organization including address
_________________________________________________________________________
17.Place of work

) Local

) Abroad

18.Is this your first job after college?

) Yes

) No

19.What are your reason(s) for staying on the job? You may check (/) more than
one answer.
(
) Salaries and benefits
(
) Career challenge
(
) Related to special skill
(
) Related to course or
program of study
(
) Proximity to residence
(
) Peer Influence
(
) Family Influence
(
) Other reasons, specify _________________________
20.Is your first job related to the course you took up in college?
(
) No

) Yes

21.What were your reason(s) for accepting the job? You may check (/) more than
one answer.
(
) Salaries & benefits
(
) Proximity to residence
(
) Career challenge
(
) Other reason(s), please
specify__________
22.What were your reason(s) for changing job? You may check (/) more than one
answer.

44

(
) Salaries & benefits
Related to special skills
(
) Proximity to residence
________________
23.How long
(
(
(
(

) Career challenge

) Other reason(s), please specify

did you stay in your first job?


) Less than a month
) 1 to 6 months
(
) 7 to 11 months
) 1 year to less than 2 years

( ) 2 years to less than 3 years


) 3 years to less than 4 years
(
) Others, please specify

24.How did you find your first job?


(
) Response to an advertisement
(
) Recommended by
someone
(
) Arranged by schools job placement officer (
) Job Fair or Public
Employment Service Officer
(
) As walk-in applicant
( PESO )
(
) Family business
(
) Information from friends
(
) Others, please specify
__________________
25.How long did it take you to land your first job?
(
) Less than a month
(
) 1 year to less than 2 years (
please specify___________
(
) 1 to 6 months
(
) 2 years to less than 3 years
(
) 7 to 11 months (
) 3 years to less 4 years
26.Job Level Position
Job Level
Present Job
Rank or Clerical
Professional, Technical or
Supervisory
Managerial or Executive
Self employed

30.1 First Job


(
(
)

30.2 Current or

)
)
(

) Others,

)
(

(
(

)
)

27.What is your initial gross monthly earning in your first job after college?
(
) Below P5,000.00
(
) P15,000.00 to less than
P20,000.00
(
) P5,000.00 to less than P10,000.00
(
) P20,000.00 to less than
P25,000.00
(
) P10,000.00 to less than P15,000.00 (
) P25,000.00 and above
28.Was the curriculum you had in college relevant to your first job?
(
) Yes
(
) No

45

29.If YES, what competencies learned in college did you find very useful in your
first job?
You may check () more than one answer.
(
) Communication skills
(
) Human Relations skills
(
) Entrepreneurial skills
(
) Information Technology skills
(
) Problem-solving skills
(
) Critical Thinking skills
(
) Other skills, please specify
__________________________________________________
30. List down suggestions to further improve your course curriculum
_____________________________________________________________________________

Thank you for taking out to fill out this questionnaire. Please return this survey
form to Miss Florida S. Aliga or email to flor23aliga2@gmail.com