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Industrial Security Management


1

Personalized Gifts
Security guard companies
Public arrest records
RA no. 5487 - (as amended by PD no. 11) Private security agency law.
Private Detective Agency - is any person who
for hire or reward or on commission conducts or
carries on or holds himself out as conducting or
carrying on a detective agency or detective
service.
Private Detective - any person who is not a
member of a regular police agency or armed
forces who does detective work for hire,reward
or commission.
PADPAO - Philippine Association of Detective
and Private Agency Operators.
Watchmen/Security Guard - person who offers
or renders personal service to watch or secure
either residential or business establishment or
both or any building,compound or area for hire or
compensation or as an employee thereof.
1.

Physical security - describes the measures that


are designed to deny access to unauthorized
personnel from physically accessing a building,
facility, stored information and guidance on how
to design structures to resist potentially hostile
acts.
- a system of barriers placed
between a potential intruder and the material or
installation to be protected.
Security - the predictable state or condition
which is free from harm, injury, destruction,
intimidation or fear. Freedom from fear or danger
or defense against crime.
Physical Security System - a barrier or system
of barriers placed between the potential intruder
and the matter to be protected. Protective device
against hazards, threats, vulnerability and risks.
Purpose/Goals of Physical security
deter potential intruders - ex. warning
signs, perimeter markings

Security Agency - any person, association,


2.
partnership or corporation who recruits, trains,
muster ,furnishes, solicit individuals or business
3.
firms, private or government owned or controlled
corporation to engage his services or those of its
4.
watchmen.
Who May Organize Security Agency
1. Any Filipino Citizen or a corporation,
partnership or association.
2. With a minimum capital required by law.

1.
2.
3.
4.

5.

1.
2.
3.
No person shall organize or have interest 4.
in more than one agency.
5.
Qualification of an Operator or Manager of
6.
a Security Agency:
In case of corporation, association, or
partnership - must be 100 % owned and
controlled by Filipino citizen.

1. At least 25 years of age


2. College graduate and/or commissioned officer
in the
inactive service of the AFP
3. Good moral character
4. No previous record of any conviction of any
crime/offense involving moral turpitude
5. Not suffering from any of the following
disqualifications:
dishonorably discharged or separate
from the AFP
mentally incompetent
addicted to the use of narcotic drugs
habitual drunkard
An elective or appointive government
employees who may be called upon on account
of the function of their respective offices in the
implementation and enforcement of the
provision of RA 5487 and person related to such
government employees by affinity or
consanguinity in the third civil degree shall not
hold any interest, directly or indirectly in any
security guard agency.
Basic Qualification of a security Guard
1. Filipino citizen
2. High school graduate
3. Physically and mentally fit
4. Not less than 21 nor more than 50 years old
5. At least 5'4" in height
6. Not suffering from any disqualification under
RA
5487

Veterans shall be given priority in


employment as security guard or private
detective.

Person convicted of any crime involving


moral turpitude shall not be employed as
security guard or private detective.

Private detective, detective agency,


security guard, security agency must first obtain
license from the PNP.

Employees employed solely for clerical


or manual work need not be licensed.

1.
2.
3.

1.
2.
3.

distinguish authorized from


unauthorized people - ex. using pass card
delay or prevent intrusion attempt - ex.
wall, door lock, safe
detect intrusion and monitor/record
intruders - e. CCTV, intrusion alarm
trigger appropriate incident responses ex. security guards
How to deter potential intruders
install warning signs build fences
put vehicle barriers
install vehicle height restriction
implement restricted access point
install sight lighting and trenches
How to distinguish authorized from
unauthorized people - access control at the
gates
doors
locks
How to detect intrusion
install alarms
install intrusion detection monitor
install video monitoring system - ex.
cctv
Vigiles (in Rome) - origin of the watchmen
although their principal duty was as a fire
brigade.

1.

Notable security guards:


Frank Wills - detected the Watergate
burglars ultimately leading to the resignation of
US president Richard Nixon.
Target hardening - the reduction in criminal
opportunity, generally through the use of
physical barriers, architectural design and
enhanced security measures of a particular
location.
Defensible Space - the range of mechanisms
that combine to bring an environment under the
control of its residents.
Demography - the study of the characteristics
of population groups.
Principles of Physical Security
1. An intruder must be able to acquire access to
the
property in order to benefit.
2. The type of access necessary will depend
upon a
number of variable factors and therefore may
be
achieved in a number of ways.
3. There is no impenetrable barrier.
4. Security is built upon a system of defense in

The license shall be displayed at all


times in a conspicuous and suitable place in the
agency office.

The PNP shall exercise general


supervision over the operation of all private
detective and security guard agencies.

The City/Municipal Mayors has the power


as director of the City/Municipal civil defense to
deputize private detective and security guards to
help maintain peace and order or prevent or
arrest law violators in case of emergency or in
times of disaster or calamity. They shall take
orders from the Chief of Police for the duration of
the fire, inundation, earthquakes, riots or other
emergency.

A security guard or security agency is


entitled to possess firearms.

Firearm must not be higher than .45


caliber.

Agency is entitled to possess firearm not


exceeding one firearm for every security guard in
its employ.

Security guard is entitled to possess not


more than one riot gun or shotgun.

Firearms shall be carried by the security


guard only during his tour of duty in proper
uniform within the compound of the
establishment except when he escorts big
amount of cash or valuables in or out of said
compound.

The Chief PNP shall prescribe the


uniform, ornaments, equipment and
paraphernalia to be worn by the security guards.

Uniforms must be different from the


PNP/AFP.

Salary of security guard - not lower than


the minimum wage prescribe by law.
Limitations and Prohibitions on a Security
Agency
1. No agency operating in the City of manila and
suburbs may employ more than 1000
watchmen or
security guards.
2. No agency operating in other cities and first
class
municipalities may employ more than 500
watchmen
or security guards.
3. No agency operating in municipalities other
than
first class may employ more than 200
watchmen or
security guards.
4. No person, corporation, partnership or
association
may organize more than one agency in any
one city
or municipality.
5. No agency shall offer, render or accept
services to
gambling dens or other illegal enterprises.

depth
resulting to accumulated delay time which
may lead
to the apprehension of the intruder.
5. Each installation is different from the others.
2 Kinds of Barriers
1. Natural
2. Artificial
5 Types of Barriers
1. Human
2. Animal
3. Natural
4. Energy/Electrical/Electronic
5. Structural
3 Line of Defense
1. Perimeter Barrier - 1st line of defense.
2. Building Exterior - 2nd line of defense.
3. Interior Controls - 3rd line of defense.
Perimeter Barrier - main purpose is to deny or
impede access or exit of unauthorized persons.
Other Purposes
1. It defines the boundary of the property to be
secured.
2. It creates a physical and psychological
deterrent
to unauthorized entry.
3. It delays intrusion, thus facilitating
apprehension
of intruders.
4. It assists in a more efficient and economical
employment of guards.
5. It facilitates and improves the control of
pedestrian
and vehicular traffic.
Components:
1. Types of Fencing (solid/full view)
2. The top guard
3. Types of Protective Alarms Systems
4. Types of Protective and Emergency Lighting's
5. CCTV Cameras and other Electronic Security
Systems/Energy Barriers
Building Exterior - Components:
1. walls
2. Doors
3. Windows
4. Roof Openings
5. Fire Escapes
6. Protective Alarm Systems
7. Protective and Emergency lightnings
8. CCTV Cameras and other Electronic Security
Systems/Energy Barriers
Interior Controls - Components:
1. ID Systems
2. Protective Alarm Systems
3. Protective Emergency Lighting's
4. Communication Systems
5. CCTV Cameras and other Electronic Security
Systems/Energy Barriers
6. Restricted Areas (storage areas/utilities)

6. The extent of the security service being


provided
by any security agency shall not go beyond
the
whole compound or property of the person or
establishment requesting the security service
except when they escort big amount of cash.
Who can Issue rules and regulations to
carry out the purpose of RA 5487? ans. the
chief PNP, in consultation with the Philippines
Association of Detective and Protective Agency
Operators.
What are the penal provisions for violation
of RA5487 or its implementing rules? ans.
1. Suspension, fine or cancellation of license to
operate with the forfeiture f bond filed with
the
Chief PNP.
2. Imprisonment ranging from 1 to 4 years and
fine, in
the discretion of the courts.

7. Access Control
8. Key Control
9. Emergency Plans
10.Guards
Natural barriers or features - such as
cliffs,ravines,and rivers which delay or make
more difficult to entry of intruders.
Barriers - any line of boundary and
separation,natural or artificial,places,or serving
as limitation or obstruction.Anything that
bars,keep out,obstruct progress,or prevents
encroachment or intrusion.
Structural barriers - features constructed by
man regardless of their original intent that tends
to delay the
intruder.ex.walls,ceilings,locks,safe,windows.
Human barriers - guards,charges of
quarters,office personnel,shop workers etc. who
stand between the intruder and the matter to be
protected.
Animal barriers - usually guard dog.ex. trained
German shepherds used as guards,goose,and
turkeys can also be included.
Energy barriers - usually electrical or
electronics devices used to provide assistance to
guard personnel.ex. protective lightnings,anti
intrusion devices.
Full view fence - it is designed primarily to
prevent physical access between two
areas.Constructed in such a way that visual
access is permitted through the fence.
Physical Security Features:
1.Natural barriers - natural terrains features must
be
considered from the stand point of their values
to
intruder as cover and concealment.Normally
the
first type considered very often we have to
accept
and work around them.
2.Fences
a. solid fence - one is constructed in such a
way that
visual access through the fenced structure is
denied.
b. full view fence - constructed in such a way
that
usual access is permitted through the fence.
Advantages of a full view fence
1. removing patrols and stationary guards are
able to
keep area surrounding of the installation under
observation.
2. it does not create shadows which would
provide

cover and concealment for the intruder.


Disadvantages of a full view fence
1. It allows visual access to the installation,its
personnel,its guard and its activities.
2. It allows the intruders to become familiar with
the
movements and the time schedule of the
guard
patrols thereafter allowing him to pick the
time for
attempting penetration which would most
advantageous to the intruder.
Advantages of solid fence
1. Denies visual access of the installation of the
intruder.
2. Denies the opportunity for the intruder to
become
familiar with the personnel,activities and the
time
schedule of the movements of guards in the
installations.
Disadvantages of solid fence
1. It prevents the guards from observing the area
around the installation.
2. It creates shadows which may be used by the
intruder for cover and concealment.
Minimum acceptable requirements for
fence used security barriers
1. Height - 8 feet at a minimum.
2. Slack at the bottom - not to exceed 2 inches.If
the
fences are not tight then it should extend even
closer to the ground.
3. Wooden fence post - minimum horizontal
dimension
of 4X4 inches.
4.Steel fence post - the round type should at
least be
2 inches at the smallest diameter.
5. Fence post - should be set in concrete or in
firm
soil using commercial drive anchors to a depth
of 3
feet and the maximum distance post is 10
feet.
6. Fence top (Top Guard) - there should be
something
on the top of the fence to deter persons
attempting
to go over fence.ex.use of barb wire
overhang.The
arms holding the barbwire should be extended
at 45
degree angle in the direction of the expected
approach.
7. Fence area - it should be declared trees and
vegetation and debris of other materials
which
would offer concealment of the intruder or
would

aid him in scaling the fence.


8. Fence Gates - gates should be limited to the
no.
necessary for efficient and sage operation of
the
installation.
9. Fence Opening - all opening in the fence in
excess
of 96 inches must be locked barbed or screen
in
such a way that they may be interlocked and
opened from the inside and only by selected
personnel.
10.Multiple fence - is used should at least be 10
feet
apart and the overhang on the top of the
inner
fence should point inward.
4 Basic functions that must be
accomplished by the guard system
1. Detect intruders
2. Sound alarms
3. Apprehend unauthorized personnel
4. Identify authorized personnel
Personnel Control Identification
2 Types of identification
1. Personal Recognition - is the most effective
2. Artificial Identification - badges,passes etc.
System of Employment of Personnel
Control Identification
1. Pass system - a method used by security to
screen
visitors or person admitted into building
premises.
2. Single pass or Badge system - the least
expensive
and the least secure.
3. Group pass and Badge system - one ID for one
group.
4. Multiple pass system - separate pass is
required for
access to various areas in need ex.color
coding
5. Spot magnetized identification passes - a code
may
be placed in the device and when passes
through a
machine,the code on the device is read,if it
contains
wrong code or no code at all,it will alarm.
6. Access list - it contains the names of
authorized
persons or personnel and is checked against
identification cards such as drivers
licenses,draft
registration etc.
Visitor control - the measures used would
depend on the sensibility of the installation but
could include the following:
1. Escort - expensive but most secure

2. Time traveled - if there is a long delay or time


lapse
between the departure and arrival,the visitor
may
be required to show cause for the delay.
3. Visitors logs - should contain identifying data,
reasons of visit,time in and hour etc.
4. Visitors entrances - separate access for
visitors and
separate for employees .
Utility and maintenance personnel - escort
system could be used.If these people visit the
installations on a regular basis some of the
systems previously could be used.
Package control - there should be provisions
made to check packages being taken in and
taken out.
Photography - extreme caution must be
exercised in areas where classified information is
displayed to preclude unauthorized taking of
pictures of the installation.
Vehicular control and identification
* Most common identification is for registering at
the headquarters or gates and putting of sticker
on the windows of the vehicles.
* For visitors,the following systems are used:
1. Escort
2. Driver pool - the most secure but the most
expensive.In this system,car is driven by
qualified
driver employed by the installation from the
entrance to its destination and after the
conclusion of the business of the visitor.car
is
driven back to the installations entrance.
3. Time travel - used in less sensitive
installations
4. Grid system - a very complicated
system.The
installation is divided into grid ad squares
like a
map.Each square is given a no. or letter
designation.The visitor is then given a map
and
shown the route to take to his destination
and
should not deviate from the prescribed
route,
otherwise he could be stopped and
questioned
by the guards.
5. Search of vehicles - sign should be put at the
entrance to the installation that any vehicle
entering is subject to search anytime.
Types of Protective Alarm Systems
1. Central station system - the control station is
located outside the installations.When the
alarm is
sounded by a subscriber, the central station
notifies the police or protection agency.

2. Property system - the control system is


located
inside the installations with its own
firefighter,law
enforcer,ambulance,or bomb disposal unit.
3. Local alarm - the signalling is near the alarm
itself.
When the intruder enters the installation,the
alarm
goes off scaring the intruder.Purpose is just to
scare not to apprehend intruder.
4. Auxiliary alarm - the installation owned the
protective alarm with a unit in the nearest
police
station so that in case of need,direct call is
possible.
Kinds of Alarms
1. Intrusion alarm - any detecting devices using
electric and their combinations to signal an
alarm
when actuated.
2. Laser beam alarm - a laser emitter floods the
wall or
fence with a beam so that when this beam is
disturbed by a physical object,an alarm is
activated
3. Photocell alarm - an invisible or visible beam is
emitted and when disturbed,it activates an
alarm
or mechanical device that opens a door or lift
movable barriers,activated by light.
Basic component of an alarm system
1. Annunciation - the heart of the system of the
detecting device and is the component that
activates the triggering unit.
2. Transmission - it transmit what is detected.
3. Triggering device - the one which emits those
aural
or visual signals or both.
Security Survey - The detailed check and audit
of what an installation or plant does not have in
relation to its protection from hazards.
Security Inspection - a precess where physical
examination is conducted to determine
compliance with established security policies and
procedures as a result of security survey.
Purpose of security survey
1. To determine existing state or condition of
security
2. To locate weaknesses and possible defense
3. To determine degree of protection required
Security hazards - an act or condition which
result in a situation conductive to a breach of the
protection system and the subsequent loss or
compromise of defense,information,company
secrets,or damage to property,personnel,or
facilities.
Hazards - exposure to loss or injury.

Two General Categories of Security Hazards


1. Human hazard - caused by human
action.Ex.sabotage,pilferage,theft
2. Natural Hazard - caused by natural
phenomena.
Types of Human Hazards
1. Human carelessness
2. Accident
3. Disaffection
4. Disloyalty
5. Subversion
6. Sabotage
7. Espionage
8. Pilferage
9. Theft
10.Vandalism
Protective Security - measures taken by an
installation or unit to protect against
sabotage,espionage or subversion and at the
same time provide freedom of action in order to
provide the installation or unit with the
necessary flexibility to accomplish its mission.
3 Aspects of Security
1. Physical Security - measures taken to
prevent
physical access or entry to an installation.
2. Personnel Security - measures taken to
insure
that only authorized personnel have access
to
classified documents or information.
3. Document and Information Security
Types of Security
1. Physical Security - the most broad.
2. Industrial Security - security of business
installations and industrial plants.
3. VIP Security - protection of high level officers
and
important personnel.
4. Bank Security - security of money and assets
stored or in transit.
5. Hotel Security - security for hotel guest and
their
personal belongings and property as well as
properties of the hotel.
6. Document security - protection of vital
records
from loss or unauthorized access.
7. Communication Security - measures to
prevent or
delay the unauthorized person in gaining
information through communication.
Physical Security
* Protective barrier - is the physical type of
security.
* Barrier - any structure or physical device
capable
of restricting,deterring,delaying illegal access

into
installations.
* Perimeter barrier - a medium or structures
which
define the physical limits of an installation or
area
to restrict or impede access thereto.Any
physical
barrier used to supplement the protection of
the
inside perimeter.
* Inside Perimeter - a line of protection adjacent
to
the protected area and passing through
points of
possible entry into the area.ex. doors and
windows
* Outside perimeter - a line of protection but
some
what removed from the protected
area.ex.fence
Types of Perimeter Barrier Opening
1. Gates and Doors
2. Elevators
3. Air intakes,Exhaust tunnels
4. Clear Zone
5. Top Guard
6. Guard Control Stations
7. Tower
8. Barrier maintenance
9. Sign and Notices
Protective Alarms - supplemental physical
barriers in a form of sound that cause alarm
installed indoors or outdoors in an installation.
Types of Alarm Systems
1. Metallic foil wire
2. Ultrasonic Detection Device
3. Vibration Detection Device
4. Microwave Motion Detection Device
5. Audio Detection Device
6. Photo Electric or Electric Eye
Kinds of Alarms
1. Bill Traps
2. Foot Rail Activator
3. Knee or thigh button
4. Foot button
5. Double squeeze button
Protective Lighting - provide illumination on
areas to be secured that adds psychological
deterrence.
Types of protective Lighting
1. Stationary luminary - consist of series of
fixed
luminaries to flood given area continuously
Example: glare protection type
2. Standby Lighting - provides continuous
lighting
through manual operations.
3. Movable Lighting - stationary or portable

manually
operated search lights.
4. Emergency Lighting - duplication of existing
lighting system that is utilized in the event of
electric failure.
Types of Lighting Equipment
1. Street lights - used in parking areas
2. Search Lights - highly focused incandescent
lamps
used to pinpoint potential trouble spot.
3. Flood Lights - project light in a concentrated
beam
used in boundaries and fences.
4. Fresnel Lights - wide beam units primarily
used to
extend illumination in long horizontal strips
to
protect approaches to perimeter barrier.
Protective Locks and Keys
1. Lock - a mechanical,hydraulic,electrical or
electronic device designed to prevent entry
into a
building,room,container or hiding place and
to
prevent the removal of items without the
consent
of the owner.
2. Padlock - portable and detachable lock
having or
sliding hasp that passes through a staple
ring.
3. Peterman - A term used in England for lock
picker,
safe cracker and penetrators of restricted
areas
or rooms.
Types of Locks
1. Lever locks - used in cabinets,drawers,safe
deposit box.
2. Disc-Tumble Locks - used in car doors.
3. Warded Locks - offer little security,used only
to
provide privacy.
4. Combination Locks
5. Card Operated Locks
6. Electromagnetic Locks
7. Code operated Locks
Types of Keys
1. Master Key - a special key of opening a series
locks.
2. Grand Master Key - a key that will open
everything in a system involving two or
more
master key groups.
3. Change Key - a key to a single lock within a
master
keyed system.
4. Sub Master Key - a key will open all lock with
a
particular area or grouping in a given facility.

Types of Security Cabinets


1. Safe
2. vault
3. File Room
Protective Cabinets - considered as the third
line of defense against unauthorized persons.
Key Control - a system of controlling keys
devised and regulated for disposal,storage and
withdrawals.
Close-in Security Formations
1. One Man Security - 360 degrees coverage.
2. Two Man Security - Each guard has 180
degrees
coverage.
3. Three Man Security - has equal areas of
coverage
4. Four Man Security
5. Five Man Security - modified diamond.
6. Six Man Security - (defensive circle) too
much
crowd requires arm lock formation.
Note: Six Man Security is the most effective.
Defensive In Depth Barriers
1. Outer Ring - securing sidewalks,in front of
quarters or offices,covering all
entrances,front,
center,side and rear.
2. Middle Ring - security covering inside
quarters,
office,residence,all stairways and elevators.
3. Inner Ring - immediately outside the high risk
personnel door or the one closest to the VIP.

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