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# Roll No: ---------------------------

UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM
AND ENERGY STUDIES
Mid Semester Examination March 2016
Program/course: B.Tech. (CS-OSS, CS-TI, CS-Mainframe, CS-O&G, CS- CCVT, ADE, APE-Gas,
APE-UP, AE, ASE, Chemical, FSE, MSNT)
Subject: CHEMISTRY
Semester IInd
Code : CHEM-107
Max. Marks : 100
No. of page/s: 3
Duration
: 2 Hrs
Instructions1) Mention Roll No. at the top of the question paper
2) Do not write anything else on the question paper except your roll number
3) Attempt all the parts of a question at one place
SECTION-A

## (Attempt all the questions )

(6 x 10= 60 Marks)

1. A sample of coal contains: C=90%, H=8% and ash=2%. The net calorific value was
found to be 6.55 Kcal. Calculate the mass of coal burnt in a bomb calorimeter and
volume of oxygen required assuming complete burning will occur at STP. Following data
was obtained in bomb calorimeter:
Weight of water taken
= 500 g
Water equivalent of bomb and calorimeter = 2000 g
Rise in temperature
= 2.5C
Fuse wire correction
= 15.0 cal
Acid correction
= 25.0 cal
The latent heat of condensation of steam is 580 cal/g
(10)
2. (a) 2.2 g of the sample on heating in a silica crucible for about an hour at 110 0 C gave a
residue of 1.98 g. The crucible was then covered with a vented lid and strongly heated for
exactly 7 minutes at 950200 C. 1.2 g of residue was left behind. The crucible was then
heated without lid until a constant weight was reached. The final residue weighed 0.245g.
Calculate the percentage of moisture, volatile content, ash and fixed carbon in the above
sample.
(b) Discuss cracking and isomerization techniques for improvement of quality of the fuel
giving suitable examples of each.
(4+6)
3. (a) Calculate the enthalpy of formation of propane using the following bond energy data:
H for C (Graphite)
C(g) = 172 Kcal/mol, H-H = 104 Kcal/mol, C-C = 80 Kcal/mol and
C-H = 98 Kcal/mol
(b) The protein content of a sample was determined by Kjeldahl analysis for nitrogen.
After digesting 0.9814 g sample, the NH3 was distilled into a collection flask containing
0

50.00 mL of 0.1047 M HCl. The excess HCl is back titrated with 0.1183 M NaOH when
it required 22.84 mL for neutralization. Find out the percentage of nitrogen present in the
sample.
(4+6)
4. The reaction for the thermal decomposition of HNO 3 in the presence of NO is
2HNO3 + NO 3NO2 +H2 O, and the proposed mechanism of the reaction is given
belowHNO 3 + M OH +NO 2 +M (Rate constant for forward reaction K 1 and backward is K 2 )
OH + HNO 3 H2 O + NO 3

Rate constant K 3

NO 3 +NO 2 NO2 + NO +O 2

Rate constant K 4

NO 3 + NO 2NO 2

Rate constant K 5

## OH +NO + HNO 3 H2 O + 2NO 2

Rate constant K 6
Derive rate expression for disappearance of HNO 3 using SSA.

(10)

5. (a) In the conversion of cyclopropane to propene in the gaseous phase, the rate constant
was found to be 6.7x10-4 second-1 at 25 o C. If the initial concentration of cyclopropane is
0.25 M, how long it will take to decrease it to 0.15 M?
(b) Two moles of NH3 were kept in a 3.0 liter container at 650 C. At equilibrium, only
71% of the original NH3 was found in the container.
2NH3 (g) N2 (g) + 3H2 (g)
Determine the moles of nitrogen, hydrogen and ammonia present in the container. Find
out equilibrium constant of the above reaction.

(4+6)

6. (a) Discuss the various types of co-polymers; discuss the difference between graft and
(b) Give an example and structure each of the addition polymer and condensation
polymers.
(5+5)
Section- B (Attempt any two)

7.

(2 x 20 marks)

## (a) Write a short note on characteristic features of biodegradable polymers giving

suitable examples.
(b) A polymer sample has the following composition.
Number of molecules
10
50
40
Molecular weight
1000 2000 4000
Find out the polydispersity index (P.D.I.) of the polymer.
1

(c) At 300 K, the standard enthalpies of formation of C6 H5 COOH (s), CO 2 (g) and H2 O (l)
are -408, -393, and -286 kJ mol1 respectively. R=8.314 J mol1 K1 . Calculate the heat of
combustion of benzoic acid at constant pressure and at constant volume.

(7+7+6)

## 8. (a) Discuss Ostwald isolation method for determination of order of reaction.

(b) A hydrogenation reaction is carried out at 500K. If the same reaction is carried out in
presence of a catalyst at the same rate, the temperature required is 400K. Calculate the
activation energy of the reaction, if the catalyst lowers the activation energy barrier by 20
KJ/mole.
(c) Derive the rate constant expression for a second order reaction when two different
reactants have different initial concentrations.
(5+8+7)
9. (a) Discuss various factors which may affect chemical equilibrium along with their
impact towards the direction of the equilibrium.
(b) Discuss in detail giving suitable diagram for emulsion and suspension polymerization
techniques used for synthesis of polymers.
(c) Consider the reaction: P4 + 6H2 4PH3 . The rate study of this reaction at 298 K were
obtained are per below mentioned table[P4 ] (mol-liter-1 )
0.0110
0.0110
0.0220
i.
ii.

[H2 ], (mol-liter-1 )
0.0075
0.0150
0.0150

## Rate (mol-liter-1 minute-1 )

3.20 x 10-4
6.40 x 10-4
6.39 x 10-4

Find out the order of reaction with respect to P 4, H2 and overall order of the
reaction.
Calculate the value of rate constant and mention its units?
(6+8+6)