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AMJK

Easy (5 pts) 30 sec


1. Solve 5[8 - (9x - 7)] + 9x = 0

x=

25
12

2. An ideal gas heat engine operates in Carnot cycle between 227C and 127C. It
absorbs 500 cal of heat at the higher temperature. Calculate the amount of
heat supplied to the engine from the source in each cycle.
Answer C. 418.7 Joules
T1 = 227C = 500K
T2 = 127 C = 400K

e carnot =1

T2
400 1
=1
=
T1
500 5
heat supplied

e carnot also= source

Heat from source

heat absorbed at hightemperature


500

( 15 ) cal=100 cal=418.7 J

3. Compute the volume of air drawn per minute in a single-stage compressor


that takes in 0.90 kg of air per minute at atmospheric pressure and 24C and
compresses it to 10 atm of pressure, if the law of compression is

PV 1.2 = C.

The specific volume of air at 0C = 0.7734 m^3/kg.


Answer 0.757 m3

P1 V 1=mR T 1 ; 101.325 ( V 1 )=0.9 ( 0.28708 )( 24 +273 )


3

V =0.757 m

4. A father wishes to bequeath to his son Php 20,000.00 ten years from now.
What amount should he invest now if it will earn interest of 8% compounded
annually during the first five years and 12% compounded quarterly during
the next 5 years?
Answer B. 7536.93

F=P ( 1+i )n
5

20000=( P ( 1+0.08 )

1+

0.12
4

45

P=7536.93
5. What is the equation of the line that passes through (0,5) and (-3,0) ?

x y
+ =1
3 5
5 x3 y=15
Answer 5x 3y = -15

6. What is the polar section modulus in in 3 of the shaft delivering 10 hp at 150


rpm. The diameter of the shaft is 1 in and the allowable shear stress is 6000
psi.
Answer C. 0.7

J p=
T=

T
Ss

10 ( 33000 ) ( 12 )
P
=
=4201.7
2 N
2 N

J p=

4201.7
=0.7
6000

7. A radiant heating lamp has a surface temperature of 1000 K with = 0.8.


How large a surface area is needed to provide 250 W of radiation heat
transfer?

Answer 0.0055m2
4
Q=A T

A=

Q
250
=
4
T 0.8 ( 5.67 ) ( 10 )8 ( 1000 )4

A=0.0055 m2
8. How much force is required to elongate a steel bar having a diameter of
50mm and length of 2 meters a length of 2mm. Assume E = 200 GPa

P (2)
PL
=0.002=
AE
( 0.05 )2
( 200 ) ( 106 )
4

P=392.7 N

9. An ideal gas Is 45 psig and 80F is heated in a closed container to 130F. What
is the final pressure?

P1 P2
=
T1 T 2
59.7 P2
=
540 590
P2=65.23 psia
10.The pressure gauge on an air tank shows 75 kPa when the diver is 10 m down
in the ocean. At what depth will the gauge pressure be zero?
Answer B. 57.94 ft
Ocean H20 pressure at 10 m depth is
P H20 = Po + Lg = 101.3 + 997 10 9.80665 1000 = 199 kPa
Air Pressure (absolute) in tank
Ptank = 199 + 75 = 274 kPa

274=101.325+

997 ( 9.81 )
L
1000

L=17.7 m57.94 ft
Average (10 pts) 1 min

1. If cos x + sin x = c, find sin x cos x in terms of c


A.
B.

2c 2
c 21

C. c
D.

c 2
Answer A.

2c 2

cos x +sin x=c


2

cos x+ 2 sinxcosx+ sin x=c

2 sinx cos x=c 21


Now

( cos xsin x )2=sin2 x2 sinxcosx +cos 2 x=12 sinxcosx=2c2


cos xsin x= 2c 2

2. What is the velocity of a ball with a mass of 5 kg dropped from a height of 5m


as it hits the ground the second time if the coefficient of restitution is 0.6?

Answer B. 19.5 ft/s

e=

h2
=0.6
h1

h2=0.62 ( 5 )=1.8 m
V=

2 gh

V=

(
2

9.81m
(1.8 m) =
s2

5.943

m
ft
=19.5
s
s

3. If 2x=3y=6, then which of the following statements is true?


A. y-x = xy
B. x-y = xy
C. x2+2xy+y2 = x2y2
D. x2y2=x/y
Answer. C. x2+2xy+y2 = x2y2
x

1
x

1
y

2 =6 ; 2=6
3 =6 ;3=6
1

6=6 y 6 x
1 1
1= + ; xy=x + y
y x
x 2 y 2= ( x + y )2
4. A 1200 hp dragster engine drives the car with a speed of 65 mi/h. How much
force is between the tires and the road?
Answer 6923 lbf

P=FV =T

V =65

( 5280 )
ft
=95.33
3600
s

P 1200 ( 550 )
F= =
=6923 l b f
V
95.33

5. A pump operating at 1750 rpm delivering 500 gal/min against a total head of
150 ft. Changes in the piping system have increased the total head to 360 ft.
How much is the change in rpm to achieve this new head at the same
efficiency?
Answer 961 rpm

H1 N 1
=
H2 N 2

( )

150 1750
=
360
N2

( )

N 2=2711 rpm
H=27111750=961 rpm
6. Determine the Mach number for an aircraft moving in air with a temperature
of 300K if it has a momentum of 1Mg-m/s and mass of 2000kg.
Answer. 1.44

c= kRT = 1.4 ( 287.08 ) ( 300 )=347.237

m
s

1000000
V
2000
Ma= =
=1.44
c 347.237

7. A flanged coupling has an outside diameter of 200mm and connects two 40


mm shafts. There are four 16mm bolts on a 140 mm bolt circle. The radial
flange thickness is 20mm. If the torsional stress in the shaft is not to exceed
26 MPa, determine the power that can be transmitted at 600 rpm.
Answer. 20.53 kW or 27.52 HP

16 T
16 T
=26000=
3
D
( 0.04 )3

T =0.3267256 kNm

P=2 TN=2 0.3267256

=20.53 kW
( 600
60 ))

8. Air is compressed steadily by a reversible compressor from an inlet state of


100 kPa and 300 K to an exit pressure of 900 kPa. Determine the compressor
work per unit mass for ideal two-stage compression with intercooling with a
polytropic exponent of 1.3.

1
2

Px =( P 1 P2 ) =300 kPa
n1
nRT P x n
w comp=2
1
n1 P 1

w comp=

2 ( 1.3 ) ( 0.287 ) ( 300 K ) 300 1.31


1.3
1
1.31
100

w comp=215.3

kJ
kg

9. What is the total kinetic energy of a solid sphere of radius 1.5m with a mass
of 10 kg rolling at a speed of 6 rads/sec? Assume no slipping occurs with the
surface of the floor and of the sphere.
Answer 567 J

v =r

v =6 ( 1.5 )=9 m/ s
2

KE=

I m v 1 2 ( )( )2 ( 2 ) 1 ( ) ( )2
+
=
10 1.5 6 + 10 9
2
2
2 5
2

KE=567 J
10.Solve for x:

x xx xxxx ..=7

Answer 1.32

xx x

=7

ln x xx x =ln 7
x xx x ln x=ln7
x xx x =7

Since

7 ln x=ln 7
x=e

ln 7
7

=1.32

Difficult (20 pts) 1 min 30 sec


1. A flat belt is to transmit 100Hp to an air compressor. The small sheave is 180
mm in diameter and turns at 1200 rpm, while the larger sheave turns at 450
rpm. The service factor may be taken as 2.0, the center distance is equal to
two times the diameter of the larger sheave. Determine the length of belt in
mm.
Answer 2979.64 mm
2

L=2 C+1.57 ( D 2 + D1 ) +

( D2D 1 )
4C

L=2 ( 960 ) +1.57 ( 480+ 180 )+

2.

( 480180 )2
=2979.64 mm
4 ( 960 )

A 25 kg mass moves with 25 m/s. Now a brake system brings the mass to a
complete stop with a constant deceleration over a period of 5 seconds. The
brake energy is absorbed by 0.5 kg water initially at 20C, 100 kPa. Assume
the mass is at constant P and T. Find the temperature increase of the water,
assuming P = C.
Answer 3.7 C

The mass in motion.


E2 - E1= E = 0.5 mV2 = 0.5 25 252/1000 = 7.8125 kJ
The mass of water.
m(u2 - u1)
15.63=c t

H2O

= E = 7.8125 kJ => u2 - u1 = 7.8125 / 0.5 = 15.63

15.63
= t
4.18
t=3.7 C
3. A simple brayton cycle which uses helium (k = 1.667) as the working fluid,
has a maximum temperature of 1150K and a pressure ratio of 2.9. At the
start of the compression, the helium pressure and temperature are 90 kPa
and 300K. Based upon cold air standard analysis assumptions, determine the
thermal efficiency of the cycle in percent.
Answer. 34.7%

T 2 P2
=
T 1 P1

( )

k1
k

T 2 =300 (2.90 )

1.6671
1.667

=459.28 K

T 3 p3 1.6671
1.667
=
T 4 p4
T 4=

1150
2.9

1.6671
1.667

=751.1 K

W c =mc p ( T 2T 1 )=159.28
Q A =mc P ( T 3T 2 )=690.72
W T =m c P ( T 3 T 4 )=398.9
e=

398.9159.28
=0.347=34.7
690.72

4. A shell with an outside diameter of 15.9843 in and a wall thickness of 2.54


mm is subjected to 280 ksi tensile loads and a 45000000 Nmm torque. What
is the maximum shear stress?
Answer 69.73 MPa

Di=Do 2t

D I =0.4062 ( 0.00254 )=0.4009 m


=

16T Do
4
o

4
I

(D D )

16 ( 45000 )( 0.406 )
=69.5 MPa
(0.4064 0.40094 )

5. What is the remainder when you divide

13137

by 5?

Answer. 3.
Since 10 is divisible by 5 we can use

3137

divided by 5 and it will have the

same remainder
1

3
3
3
=0 remainder 3, =1 remainder 4, =5 remainder 2
5
5
5
34
35
36
=16 remainder 1, =48 remainder 3, =145 remainder 4
5
5
5

So the cycle for remainder for increasing the power is 3, 4, 2, 1, 3, 4, 2, 1,


For 137, the remainder is 3
6. An urn contains five red chips numbered 1 to 5, five blue chips numbered 1 to
5, and five white chips numbered 1 to 5. Two chips are drawn from this urn
without replacement. What is the probability that they have either the same
color or the same number?
Answer. 3/7
The required probability is

[ ( ) ( )]
3 5 +5 3
2
2

(152)

3
7

7. A vertical furnace wall is made up of an inner wall of firebrick 20 cm thick


followed by insulating brick 15 cm thick and an outer wall of steel 1 cm thick.
The surface temperature of the wall adjacent to the combustion chamber is
1200C while that of the outer surface of steel is 50C. The thermal
conductivities of the wall material in W/m-K are: firebrick, 10; insulating brick,
0.26; and steel, 45. Neglecting the film resistances and contact resistance of
joints, determine the heat loss per sq.m of wall area in W/m^2.
Answer A. 1.93 W/m2

t 1t 4
Q
120050
=
=
A x
x
x
.2
0.15 0.01
+ +
+
+
k 12 k 23 k 34 10 0.26 45
Q
W
=1.93 2
A
m
8. Two 20 m diameter circles are placed so that the circumference of each just
touches the center of the other. What is the area common to each circle?
Answer 122.8 m2

=2 arccos

105
=120 =2.094 rad
10

For the segment, the half of the total area

1
1
A= r 2 ( sin ) = ( 10 )2 ( 2.094sin 2.094 ) =61.4 m2
2
2
total area=122.8 m2

9. Argon gas (molecular weight of 40) is compressed in a closed system from


100 kPa and 30C to 500 kPa and 170C. For argon, the specific heat at
constant pressure is 0.52 kj/kgK and the specific heat at constant volume is
0.312 kJ/kjK. What is the specific entropy change?
Answer -0.137 kJ/kgK

s=c v ln

T2
V
T
p T
R
+ R ln 2 =c v ln 2 +
ln 1 2
T1
V1
T 1 MW p 2 T 1

( 100 ) (170+ 273 )


500 (30+ 273 )
170C +273 8.3143
s=0.312 ln
+

30C +273
40
ln

s=0.137

kj
kgK

10.An air cylinder having an internal diameter of 16 inches and an external


diameter of 32 inches is subjected to an internal pressure of 8000 psi and an
external pressure of 3000 psi. Determine the hoop stress at the inner surface
of the cylinder.
Answer 5333.33 psi

S ti =

S ti

( pi ( r 2o +r 2i )2 p o r 2o )
r 2or i2

( 8000 ) ( 162 +82 )2 ( 3000 ) ( 162 ) ]


[
=

S ti =5333.33 psi

16 8