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1. Solve 5[8 - (9x - 7)] + 9x = 0

x=

25

12

2. An ideal gas heat engine operates in Carnot cycle between 227C and 127C. It

absorbs 500 cal of heat at the higher temperature. Calculate the amount of

heat supplied to the engine from the source in each cycle.

Answer C. 418.7 Joules

T1 = 227C = 500K

T2 = 127 C = 400K

e carnot =1

T2

400 1

=1

=

T1

500 5

heat supplied

500

( 15 ) cal=100 cal=418.7 J

that takes in 0.90 kg of air per minute at atmospheric pressure and 24C and

compresses it to 10 atm of pressure, if the law of compression is

PV 1.2 = C.

Answer 0.757 m3

3

V =0.757 m

4. A father wishes to bequeath to his son Php 20,000.00 ten years from now.

What amount should he invest now if it will earn interest of 8% compounded

annually during the first five years and 12% compounded quarterly during

the next 5 years?

Answer B. 7536.93

F=P ( 1+i )n

5

20000=( P ( 1+0.08 )

1+

0.12

4

45

P=7536.93

5. What is the equation of the line that passes through (0,5) and (-3,0) ?

x y

+ =1

3 5

5 x3 y=15

Answer 5x 3y = -15

rpm. The diameter of the shaft is 1 in and the allowable shear stress is 6000

psi.

Answer C. 0.7

J p=

T=

T

Ss

10 ( 33000 ) ( 12 )

P

=

=4201.7

2 N

2 N

J p=

4201.7

=0.7

6000

How large a surface area is needed to provide 250 W of radiation heat

transfer?

Answer 0.0055m2

4

Q=A T

A=

Q

250

=

4

T 0.8 ( 5.67 ) ( 10 )8 ( 1000 )4

A=0.0055 m2

8. How much force is required to elongate a steel bar having a diameter of

50mm and length of 2 meters a length of 2mm. Assume E = 200 GPa

P (2)

PL

=0.002=

AE

( 0.05 )2

( 200 ) ( 106 )

4

P=392.7 N

9. An ideal gas Is 45 psig and 80F is heated in a closed container to 130F. What

is the final pressure?

P1 P2

=

T1 T 2

59.7 P2

=

540 590

P2=65.23 psia

10.The pressure gauge on an air tank shows 75 kPa when the diver is 10 m down

in the ocean. At what depth will the gauge pressure be zero?

Answer B. 57.94 ft

Ocean H20 pressure at 10 m depth is

P H20 = Po + Lg = 101.3 + 997 10 9.80665 1000 = 199 kPa

Air Pressure (absolute) in tank

Ptank = 199 + 75 = 274 kPa

274=101.325+

997 ( 9.81 )

L

1000

L=17.7 m57.94 ft

Average (10 pts) 1 min

A.

B.

2c 2

c 21

C. c

D.

c 2

Answer A.

2c 2

2

Now

cos xsin x= 2c 2

as it hits the ground the second time if the coefficient of restitution is 0.6?

e=

h2

=0.6

h1

h2=0.62 ( 5 )=1.8 m

V=

2 gh

V=

(

2

9.81m

(1.8 m) =

s2

5.943

m

ft

=19.5

s

s

A. y-x = xy

B. x-y = xy

C. x2+2xy+y2 = x2y2

D. x2y2=x/y

Answer. C. x2+2xy+y2 = x2y2

x

1

x

1

y

2 =6 ; 2=6

3 =6 ;3=6

1

6=6 y 6 x

1 1

1= + ; xy=x + y

y x

x 2 y 2= ( x + y )2

4. A 1200 hp dragster engine drives the car with a speed of 65 mi/h. How much

force is between the tires and the road?

Answer 6923 lbf

P=FV =T

V =65

( 5280 )

ft

=95.33

3600

s

P 1200 ( 550 )

F= =

=6923 l b f

V

95.33

5. A pump operating at 1750 rpm delivering 500 gal/min against a total head of

150 ft. Changes in the piping system have increased the total head to 360 ft.

How much is the change in rpm to achieve this new head at the same

efficiency?

Answer 961 rpm

H1 N 1

=

H2 N 2

( )

150 1750

=

360

N2

( )

N 2=2711 rpm

H=27111750=961 rpm

6. Determine the Mach number for an aircraft moving in air with a temperature

of 300K if it has a momentum of 1Mg-m/s and mass of 2000kg.

Answer. 1.44

m

s

1000000

V

2000

Ma= =

=1.44

c 347.237

mm shafts. There are four 16mm bolts on a 140 mm bolt circle. The radial

flange thickness is 20mm. If the torsional stress in the shaft is not to exceed

26 MPa, determine the power that can be transmitted at 600 rpm.

Answer. 20.53 kW or 27.52 HP

16 T

16 T

=26000=

3

D

( 0.04 )3

T =0.3267256 kNm

=20.53 kW

( 600

60 ))

100 kPa and 300 K to an exit pressure of 900 kPa. Determine the compressor

work per unit mass for ideal two-stage compression with intercooling with a

polytropic exponent of 1.3.

1

2

Px =( P 1 P2 ) =300 kPa

n1

nRT P x n

w comp=2

1

n1 P 1

w comp=

1.3

1

1.31

100

w comp=215.3

kJ

kg

9. What is the total kinetic energy of a solid sphere of radius 1.5m with a mass

of 10 kg rolling at a speed of 6 rads/sec? Assume no slipping occurs with the

surface of the floor and of the sphere.

Answer 567 J

v =r

v =6 ( 1.5 )=9 m/ s

2

KE=

I m v 1 2 ( )( )2 ( 2 ) 1 ( ) ( )2

+

=

10 1.5 6 + 10 9

2

2

2 5

2

KE=567 J

10.Solve for x:

x xx xxxx ..=7

Answer 1.32

xx x

=7

ln x xx x =ln 7

x xx x ln x=ln7

x xx x =7

Since

7 ln x=ln 7

x=e

ln 7

7

=1.32

1. A flat belt is to transmit 100Hp to an air compressor. The small sheave is 180

mm in diameter and turns at 1200 rpm, while the larger sheave turns at 450

rpm. The service factor may be taken as 2.0, the center distance is equal to

two times the diameter of the larger sheave. Determine the length of belt in

mm.

Answer 2979.64 mm

2

L=2 C+1.57 ( D 2 + D1 ) +

( D2D 1 )

4C

2.

( 480180 )2

=2979.64 mm

4 ( 960 )

A 25 kg mass moves with 25 m/s. Now a brake system brings the mass to a

complete stop with a constant deceleration over a period of 5 seconds. The

brake energy is absorbed by 0.5 kg water initially at 20C, 100 kPa. Assume

the mass is at constant P and T. Find the temperature increase of the water,

assuming P = C.

Answer 3.7 C

E2 - E1= E = 0.5 mV2 = 0.5 25 252/1000 = 7.8125 kJ

The mass of water.

m(u2 - u1)

15.63=c t

H2O

15.63

= t

4.18

t=3.7 C

3. A simple brayton cycle which uses helium (k = 1.667) as the working fluid,

has a maximum temperature of 1150K and a pressure ratio of 2.9. At the

start of the compression, the helium pressure and temperature are 90 kPa

and 300K. Based upon cold air standard analysis assumptions, determine the

thermal efficiency of the cycle in percent.

Answer. 34.7%

T 2 P2

=

T 1 P1

( )

k1

k

T 2 =300 (2.90 )

1.6671

1.667

=459.28 K

T 3 p3 1.6671

1.667

=

T 4 p4

T 4=

1150

2.9

1.6671

1.667

=751.1 K

W c =mc p ( T 2T 1 )=159.28

Q A =mc P ( T 3T 2 )=690.72

W T =m c P ( T 3 T 4 )=398.9

e=

398.9159.28

=0.347=34.7

690.72

mm is subjected to 280 ksi tensile loads and a 45000000 Nmm torque. What

is the maximum shear stress?

Answer 69.73 MPa

Di=Do 2t

=

16T Do

4

o

4

I

(D D )

16 ( 45000 )( 0.406 )

=69.5 MPa

(0.4064 0.40094 )

13137

by 5?

Answer. 3.

Since 10 is divisible by 5 we can use

3137

same remainder

1

3

3

3

=0 remainder 3, =1 remainder 4, =5 remainder 2

5

5

5

34

35

36

=16 remainder 1, =48 remainder 3, =145 remainder 4

5

5

5

For 137, the remainder is 3

6. An urn contains five red chips numbered 1 to 5, five blue chips numbered 1 to

5, and five white chips numbered 1 to 5. Two chips are drawn from this urn

without replacement. What is the probability that they have either the same

color or the same number?

Answer. 3/7

The required probability is

[ ( ) ( )]

3 5 +5 3

2

2

(152)

3

7

followed by insulating brick 15 cm thick and an outer wall of steel 1 cm thick.

The surface temperature of the wall adjacent to the combustion chamber is

1200C while that of the outer surface of steel is 50C. The thermal

conductivities of the wall material in W/m-K are: firebrick, 10; insulating brick,

0.26; and steel, 45. Neglecting the film resistances and contact resistance of

joints, determine the heat loss per sq.m of wall area in W/m^2.

Answer A. 1.93 W/m2

t 1t 4

Q

120050

=

=

A x

x

x

.2

0.15 0.01

+ +

+

+

k 12 k 23 k 34 10 0.26 45

Q

W

=1.93 2

A

m

8. Two 20 m diameter circles are placed so that the circumference of each just

touches the center of the other. What is the area common to each circle?

Answer 122.8 m2

=2 arccos

105

=120 =2.094 rad

10

1

1

A= r 2 ( sin ) = ( 10 )2 ( 2.094sin 2.094 ) =61.4 m2

2

2

total area=122.8 m2

100 kPa and 30C to 500 kPa and 170C. For argon, the specific heat at

constant pressure is 0.52 kj/kgK and the specific heat at constant volume is

0.312 kJ/kjK. What is the specific entropy change?

Answer -0.137 kJ/kgK

s=c v ln

T2

V

T

p T

R

+ R ln 2 =c v ln 2 +

ln 1 2

T1

V1

T 1 MW p 2 T 1

500 (30+ 273 )

170C +273 8.3143

s=0.312 ln

+

30C +273

40

ln

s=0.137

kj

kgK

diameter of 32 inches is subjected to an internal pressure of 8000 psi and an

external pressure of 3000 psi. Determine the hoop stress at the inner surface

of the cylinder.

Answer 5333.33 psi

S ti =

S ti

( pi ( r 2o +r 2i )2 p o r 2o )

r 2or i2

[

=

S ti =5333.33 psi

16 8

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