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# ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [1]

Kangaroo
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## Answer t he quest ions

(1)

If you draw a straight line passing through points (2, 6) and (4, 2), f ind the point where line
intersects with y axis.

(2)

## What is the probability that a leap year will contain 53 Sundays?

(3)

A shopkeeper provides two successive discount of 15% and 50% on selling an article. If the
selling price is \$ 170, f ind the marked price of the article.

(4) Pump A can f ill a tank in 14 minutes, while pump B can f ill the same tank in 35 minutes. Both
pumps are turned on together to f ill the empty tank, but when tank became half f ull, pump B
stops working and rest of the tank is f illed by pump A only. How long it took to f ill the tank?
(5)

## A cuboid of size 6 cm 11 cm 16 cm is melted and re-shaped as cylinder of height 21 cm. Find

the radius of the cylinder. (Assume = 22/7)

(6) T here are f ive small rectangles in a big rectangle and there are f ive smaller rectangles in every
small rectangle. How many rectangles are there in all?
(7) A square park has an area of 5625 sq. m. It has to be f enced. T he f encing will require use of a
wire that must be able to enclose the park 4 times, and each circuit of the wire would be 5 %
greater than the perimeter of the park. What is the length of wire needed f or this?

(8)

## Line A is perpendicular to line B. Line C is parallel to D. If line B is perpendicular to C, which of

f ollowing is correct?
a. A is perpendicular to C

b. A is perpendicular to D

c. A is parallel to D

d. B is parallel to D

(9) Edward likes 324 but not 304, 2500 but not 2600, and 4225 but not 4220. Which of the f ollowing
f our numbers would he like?
a. 362

b. 359

c. 361

d. 351

(10) If the sum of three consecutive multiples of 4 is 96, f ind the numbers.
a. 36, 40 and 44

b. 28, 32 and 36

c. 24, 28 and 32

d. 32, 36 and 40

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [2]

(11) Due to 30% reduction in price of petrol, Kenneth can now buy 12 liters more petrol without
changing his total expenditure on petrol. If he spends \$2520 on petrol, f ind the original price of
petrol.
a. \$90 per liters

## d. \$85 per liters

(12) Find the conclusion by assuming f ollowing statements to be true (Statements may be contrary
to the universal opinion).
Statements :
(i) All toys are rats
(ii) All cars are toys.
Conclusion?
a. Some toys are cars

b. No car is a rat

## d. All cars are rats

(13) Showing the man swimming in pool, Lisa says, "He is the brother of my uncle's daughter". How is
the man related to Lisa ?
a. Cousin

b. Nephew

c. Son

d. Uncle

Fill in t he blanks
(14) T here are f ew taps and holes in tank. Each tap can f ill empty tank in 10 minutes, while each hole
can empty a f ull tank in 15 minutes. If there are 3 taps and 2 holes, it would it take
minutes to f ill empty tank.
(15)

If f our f if th of a number is 8 more than the two third of the number, the number is

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [3]

(1)
(2)

(0,10)
2
7
Step 1
T here are 366 days in a leap year
Step 2
If we divide 366 by 7 (since there are seven days in a week), we will get an answer of 52,
with a remainder of 2
T his means that a leap year will have 52 Sundays, 52 Mondays, 52 T uesdays, 52
Wednesdays, 52 T hursdays, 52 Fridays and 52 Saturdays.
Apart f rom these there will be two other days. T his means that there will be two weekdays
that occur 53 times.
Step 3
T he two days could be (Sunday, Monday), (Monday, T uesday), (T uesday, Wednesday),
(Wednesday, T hursday), (T hursday, Friday), (Friday, Saturday), or (Saturday, Sunday) - a
total of seven combinations
Step 4
Out of these seven combinations, two of them have a Sunday
Step 5
So the probability of either of those two days being a Sunday is

2
7

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [4]

(3)

\$400
Step 1
Let the marked price of the article be x.
Step 2
According to the question, shopkeeper provides two successive discount of 15% and 50%
on selling an article.
% Selling price f or a discount of 15% = 100 - 15 = 85%,
Similarity, % Selling price f or a discount of 50% = 100 - 50 = 50%
Step 3
Now selling price will be 50% of 85% of cost price. i.e.,
50% of 85% of x = 170
50% of (

85x

) = 170

100

50 85 x

= 170

100 100
x=

## 170 100 100

50 85

x = \$400
Step 4
T heref ore, the marked price of the article is \$400.

(4) 12 minutes
Step 1
Pump A can f ill the tank in 14 minutes . So in 1 minute it would f ill 1/14 of the tank .
So in 'x' minutes it would f ill x/14 of the tank .
Step 2
Similarly , Pump B can f ill the tank in 35 minutes . So in 1 minute it would f ill 1/35 of the tank .
So in 'x' minutes it would f ill x/14 of the tank .
Step 3
Here when both the pumps are open , they together f ill only half of the tank .
So the equation f ormed would be x/14 + x/35 = 1/2
Step 4
Solving this we get x = 5
Step 5
We know that the remaining half tank was f illed by pump A . So if pump A takes 14 minutes
to f ill the whole tank , then it would take 14/2 minutes to f ill half of the tank
Step 6
So the total time taken to f ill the tank is 5 + 14/2 = 12 minutes .

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [5]

(5)

4 cm
Step 1
Since the cylinder is made by melting the cuboid, the volume of the cylinder is equal to the
volume of the cuboid.
Step 2
It is given that the length, breadth and height of the cuboid are 6 cm, 11 cm and 16 cm
respectively.
T he volume of the cuboid = l b h where l, b and h are the length, breadth and height of
the cuboid respectively.
= 6 cm 11 cm 16 cm
= 1056 cm3
Step 3
Lets assume the radius of the cylinder is r.
It is given that the height of the cylinder is 21 cm.
T he volume of the cylinder = r2h
=(

22

21)r2

7
= 66r2
Step 4
Since volume of cuboid is equal to that of the cylinder,
66r2 = 1056
r2 =

1056
66

r2 = 16
r = 4 cm
Step 5
T heref ore, the radius of the cylinder is 4 cm.

(6) 31
Step 1
According to the question, the number of small rectangles in the big rectangle = 5
Step 2
T he number of smaller rectangles in every small rectangle = 5
T he total number of smaller rectangles in f ive small rectangles = 5 5 = 25
Step 3
T he total number of rectangles = T he big rectangle + T he total number of small rectangles
+ T he total number of smaller rectangles
= 1 + 5 + 25
= 31

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [6]

(7) 1260 m
Step 1
Let's assume that a be the length of the park.
T heref ore the area of a square park = a2 = 5625
a2 = 752
a = 75 m
Step 2
Now the perimeter of a square = 4a = 4 X 75 = 300 m
Step 3
Since each circuit of the wire be 5% greater than the perimeter of the park.
T heref ore the length of the each circuit of the wire = perimeter of the square park + 5% of
the perimeter of the square park
= 300 + 300 X

5
100

= 300 +

1500
100

= 300 + 15
= 315 m
Step 4
T he f encing will require use of a wire that must be able to enclose the park 4 times.
T heref ore the length of wire needed f or this = 4 X 315 = 1260 m.

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [7]

(8)

c. A is parallel to D
Step 1
Let us draw the given statements.
Line A is perpendicular to line B.

Step 2
Line C is parallel to D.

Step 3
Line B is perpendicular to C.

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [8]

Step 4
Combine these f our lines.

## From the above f igure we can conclude the f ollowing:

a. A is not perpendicular to C
b. A is not perpendicular to D
c. A is parallel to D
d. B is not parallel to D
Step 5
T heref ore, the correct option is A is parallel to D.

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [9]

(9) c. 361
Step 1
If you look at the pattern you will notice that he likes only those numbers which have
complete square.
324 = 182
2500 = 502
4225 = 652
Step 2
Now observe the given options and see if there is any number which has complete square.
Among given options we notice that 361 = 192, hence 361 has complete square of 19.
Step 3
T heref ore Edward will also like 361.

## (10) b. 28, 32 and 36

Step 1
Let's assume three consecutive multiples of 4 are x, x + 4, x + 8.
Step 2
According to the question, the sum of three consecutive multiples of 4 is 96.
T heref ore, x + x + 4 + x + 8 = 96
3x + 12 = 96
3x = 96 - 12
3x = 84
x=

84
3

x = 28
Step 3
T heref ore, the numbers are 28, 32 and 36.

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [10]

## (11) a. \$90 per liters

Step 1
Let us assume the original price of petrol is x.
Amount of petrol bought at original price is y.
Step 2
Since total money spent on petrol is \$2520.,
xy = 2520
2520

y=

x
Step 3
Reduction in price of petrol = 30% of x =

30x
100

30x

100

70x
100

## New amount of petrol = y + 12 liters

Step 4
T otal expenditure af ter price reduction,
70x

(y + 12) = 2520

100

70x

2520

100

70x

+ 12) = 2520

x
(

2520 + 12x

100

) = 2520

2520 + 12x =

2520 100
70

12x = 1080
x=

1080
12

= x = 90
Step 5
T heref ore, the original price of petrol is \$90 per liters.

## (12) d. All cars are rats

Step 1
Since all cars are toys, and all toys are rats, this means all cars are rats.
Step 2
T hus the option d is correct.

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [11]

(13) a. Cousin
Step 1
It is given that man swimming in pool is brother of Lisa's uncle's daughter.
Step 2
Following picture shows Lisa's uncle

Step 3
Following picture shows Lisa's uncle's daughter (UD)

Step 4
Following picture shows Lisa's uncle's daughter'e brother (UDB)

Step 5

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Step 5

ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [12]

From above picture we can see that UDB (T he man swimming in pool) is Lisa's cousin

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [13]

(15)

60
Step 1
Let the number is x.
Given that: f our f if th of a number is 8 more than the two third of the number.
Step 2
f our f if th of a number means

of x =

5
two third of a number means

2
3

4x
5

of x =

2x
3

## Now, according to the question

4x

2x

5
x(

5
x(

=8

3
2

)=8

12 - 10

)=8

15
x=8

15
2

x = 60
Step 3
T heref ore, the number is 60 .