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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [1]

Grade 8
Kangaroo
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Answer t he quest ions


(1)

If you draw a straight line passing through points (2, 6) and (4, 2), f ind the point where line
intersects with y axis.

(2)

What is the probability that a leap year will contain 53 Sundays?

(3)

A shopkeeper provides two successive discount of 15% and 50% on selling an article. If the
selling price is $ 170, f ind the marked price of the article.

(4) Pump A can f ill a tank in 14 minutes, while pump B can f ill the same tank in 35 minutes. Both
pumps are turned on together to f ill the empty tank, but when tank became half f ull, pump B
stops working and rest of the tank is f illed by pump A only. How long it took to f ill the tank?
(5)

A cuboid of size 6 cm 11 cm 16 cm is melted and re-shaped as cylinder of height 21 cm. Find


the radius of the cylinder. (Assume = 22/7)

(6) T here are f ive small rectangles in a big rectangle and there are f ive smaller rectangles in every
small rectangle. How many rectangles are there in all?
(7) A square park has an area of 5625 sq. m. It has to be f enced. T he f encing will require use of a
wire that must be able to enclose the park 4 times, and each circuit of the wire would be 5 %
greater than the perimeter of the park. What is the length of wire needed f or this?

Choose correct answer(s) f rom given choice


(8)

Line A is perpendicular to line B. Line C is parallel to D. If line B is perpendicular to C, which of


f ollowing is correct?
a. A is perpendicular to C

b. A is perpendicular to D

c. A is parallel to D

d. B is parallel to D

(9) Edward likes 324 but not 304, 2500 but not 2600, and 4225 but not 4220. Which of the f ollowing
f our numbers would he like?
a. 362

b. 359

c. 361

d. 351

(10) If the sum of three consecutive multiples of 4 is 96, f ind the numbers.
a. 36, 40 and 44

b. 28, 32 and 36

c. 24, 28 and 32

d. 32, 36 and 40

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [2]

(11) Due to 30% reduction in price of petrol, Kenneth can now buy 12 liters more petrol without
changing his total expenditure on petrol. If he spends $2520 on petrol, f ind the original price of
petrol.
a. $90 per liters

b. $100 per liters

c. $95 per liters

d. $85 per liters

(12) Find the conclusion by assuming f ollowing statements to be true (Statements may be contrary
to the universal opinion).
Statements :
(i) All toys are rats
(ii) All cars are toys.
Conclusion?
a. Some toys are cars

b. No car is a rat

c. Some rats are cars

d. All cars are rats

(13) Showing the man swimming in pool, Lisa says, "He is the brother of my uncle's daughter". How is
the man related to Lisa ?
a. Cousin

b. Nephew

c. Son

d. Uncle

Fill in t he blanks
(14) T here are f ew taps and holes in tank. Each tap can f ill empty tank in 10 minutes, while each hole
can empty a f ull tank in 15 minutes. If there are 3 taps and 2 holes, it would it take
minutes to f ill empty tank.
(15)

If f our f if th of a number is 8 more than the two third of the number, the number is

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [3]

Answers
(1)
(2)

(0,10)
2
7
Step 1
T here are 366 days in a leap year
Step 2
If we divide 366 by 7 (since there are seven days in a week), we will get an answer of 52,
with a remainder of 2
T his means that a leap year will have 52 Sundays, 52 Mondays, 52 T uesdays, 52
Wednesdays, 52 T hursdays, 52 Fridays and 52 Saturdays.
Apart f rom these there will be two other days. T his means that there will be two weekdays
that occur 53 times.
Step 3
T he two days could be (Sunday, Monday), (Monday, T uesday), (T uesday, Wednesday),
(Wednesday, T hursday), (T hursday, Friday), (Friday, Saturday), or (Saturday, Sunday) - a
total of seven combinations
Step 4
Out of these seven combinations, two of them have a Sunday
Step 5
So the probability of either of those two days being a Sunday is

2
7

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [4]

(3)

$400
Step 1
Let the marked price of the article be x.
Step 2
According to the question, shopkeeper provides two successive discount of 15% and 50%
on selling an article.
% Selling price f or a discount of 15% = 100 - 15 = 85%,
Similarity, % Selling price f or a discount of 50% = 100 - 50 = 50%
Step 3
Now selling price will be 50% of 85% of cost price. i.e.,
50% of 85% of x = 170
50% of (

85x

) = 170

100

50 85 x

= 170

100 100
x=

170 100 100


50 85

x = $400
Step 4
T heref ore, the marked price of the article is $400.

(4) 12 minutes
Step 1
Pump A can f ill the tank in 14 minutes . So in 1 minute it would f ill 1/14 of the tank .
So in 'x' minutes it would f ill x/14 of the tank .
Step 2
Similarly , Pump B can f ill the tank in 35 minutes . So in 1 minute it would f ill 1/35 of the tank .
So in 'x' minutes it would f ill x/14 of the tank .
Step 3
Here when both the pumps are open , they together f ill only half of the tank .
So the equation f ormed would be x/14 + x/35 = 1/2
Step 4
Solving this we get x = 5
Step 5
We know that the remaining half tank was f illed by pump A . So if pump A takes 14 minutes
to f ill the whole tank , then it would take 14/2 minutes to f ill half of the tank
Step 6
So the total time taken to f ill the tank is 5 + 14/2 = 12 minutes .

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [5]

(5)

4 cm
Step 1
Since the cylinder is made by melting the cuboid, the volume of the cylinder is equal to the
volume of the cuboid.
Step 2
It is given that the length, breadth and height of the cuboid are 6 cm, 11 cm and 16 cm
respectively.
T he volume of the cuboid = l b h where l, b and h are the length, breadth and height of
the cuboid respectively.
= 6 cm 11 cm 16 cm
= 1056 cm3
Step 3
Lets assume the radius of the cylinder is r.
It is given that the height of the cylinder is 21 cm.
T he volume of the cylinder = r2h
=(

22

21)r2

7
= 66r2
Step 4
Since volume of cuboid is equal to that of the cylinder,
66r2 = 1056
r2 =

1056
66

r2 = 16
r = 4 cm
Step 5
T heref ore, the radius of the cylinder is 4 cm.

(6) 31
Step 1
According to the question, the number of small rectangles in the big rectangle = 5
Step 2
T he number of smaller rectangles in every small rectangle = 5
T he total number of smaller rectangles in f ive small rectangles = 5 5 = 25
Step 3
T he total number of rectangles = T he big rectangle + T he total number of small rectangles
+ T he total number of smaller rectangles
= 1 + 5 + 25
= 31

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [6]

(7) 1260 m
Step 1
Let's assume that a be the length of the park.
T heref ore the area of a square park = a2 = 5625
a2 = 752
a = 75 m
Step 2
Now the perimeter of a square = 4a = 4 X 75 = 300 m
Step 3
Since each circuit of the wire be 5% greater than the perimeter of the park.
T heref ore the length of the each circuit of the wire = perimeter of the square park + 5% of
the perimeter of the square park
= 300 + 300 X

5
100

= 300 +

1500
100

= 300 + 15
= 315 m
Step 4
T he f encing will require use of a wire that must be able to enclose the park 4 times.
T heref ore the length of wire needed f or this = 4 X 315 = 1260 m.

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [7]

(8)

c. A is parallel to D
Step 1
Let us draw the given statements.
Line A is perpendicular to line B.

Step 2
Line C is parallel to D.

Step 3
Line B is perpendicular to C.

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [8]

Step 4
Combine these f our lines.

From the above f igure we can conclude the f ollowing:


a. A is not perpendicular to C
b. A is not perpendicular to D
c. A is parallel to D
d. B is not parallel to D
Step 5
T heref ore, the correct option is A is parallel to D.

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [9]

(9) c. 361
Step 1
If you look at the pattern you will notice that he likes only those numbers which have
complete square.
324 = 182
2500 = 502
4225 = 652
Step 2
Now observe the given options and see if there is any number which has complete square.
Among given options we notice that 361 = 192, hence 361 has complete square of 19.
Step 3
T heref ore Edward will also like 361.

(10) b. 28, 32 and 36


Step 1
Let's assume three consecutive multiples of 4 are x, x + 4, x + 8.
Step 2
According to the question, the sum of three consecutive multiples of 4 is 96.
T heref ore, x + x + 4 + x + 8 = 96
3x + 12 = 96
3x = 96 - 12
3x = 84
x=

84
3

x = 28
Step 3
T heref ore, the numbers are 28, 32 and 36.

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [10]

(11) a. $90 per liters


Step 1
Let us assume the original price of petrol is x.
Amount of petrol bought at original price is y.
Step 2
Since total money spent on petrol is $2520.,
xy = 2520
2520

y=

x
Step 3
Reduction in price of petrol = 30% of x =

30x
100

New price of petrol = x -

30x

100

70x
100

New amount of petrol = y + 12 liters


Step 4
T otal expenditure af ter price reduction,
70x

(y + 12) = 2520

100

70x

2520

100

70x

+ 12) = 2520

x
(

2520 + 12x

100

) = 2520

2520 + 12x =

2520 100
70

12x = 1080
x=

1080
12

= x = 90
Step 5
T heref ore, the original price of petrol is $90 per liters.

(12) d. All cars are rats


Step 1
Since all cars are toys, and all toys are rats, this means all cars are rats.
Step 2
T hus the option d is correct.
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(13) a. Cousin
Step 1
It is given that man swimming in pool is brother of Lisa's uncle's daughter.
Step 2
Following picture shows Lisa's uncle

Step 3
Following picture shows Lisa's uncle's daughter (UD)

Step 4
Following picture shows Lisa's uncle's daughter'e brother (UDB)

Step 5

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Step 5

ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [12]

From above picture we can see that UDB (T he man swimming in pool) is Lisa's cousin

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ID : ca-8-Kangaroo [13]

(15)

60
Step 1
Let the number is x.
Given that: f our f if th of a number is 8 more than the two third of the number.
Step 2
f our f if th of a number means

of x =

5
two third of a number means

2
3

4x
5

of x =

2x
3

Now, according to the question


4x

2x

5
x(

5
x(

=8

3
2

)=8

12 - 10

)=8

15
x=8

15
2

x = 60
Step 3
T heref ore, the number is 60 .

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