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Kangaroo

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ABCD is a parallelogram. The circle through A, B and C intersect CD (produced if necessary) at
(2)
Find the value of w.
(3)
Two circles of radii 5 cm and 4 cm intersect at two points and the distance between their
centres is 3 cm. Find the length of the common chord.
(4)
From a point in the interior of an equilateral triangle, perpendiculars are drawn on the three
sides. The lengths of the perpendiculars are 6 cm, 8 cm and 4 cm. Find the area of the triangle.

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ID : ca-9-Kangaroo 

 (5) If ∠DAC = 45° and ∠ADB = 70°, find angle ∠APB. (6) AC is diameter of the semicircle and BD is perpendicular to AC. If AB = 2 cm and BC = 8 cm, find the length of BD. (7) We use n! to mean the following expression n × n-1 × n-2 × n-3 × × 2 × 1 (the product of all numbers from 1 to n) In the range of numbers 16 <= x <= 54, how many numbers are there such that (x - 1)! is not divisible by x? (8) A line passe through points (-1, 2) and (-3, 8). Find the y-intercept of the line. (9) A line passe through points (3, 4) and (2, 2). Find the x-intercept of the line.

Choose correct answer(s) from given choice

(10) Find the conclusion by assuming following statements to be true (Statements may be contrary to the universal opinion). Statements :

(i) All phones are toys (ii) All computers are phones. Conclusion?

a. No computer is a toy

c. Some toys are computers

b. All computers are toys

d. Some phones are computers

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(11) In an examination, Donald attempted 17 questions correctly and secured 56 marks. If there were two types of questions i.e. of 3 marks and 4 marks, how many questions of 3 marks did he attempt correctly?

 a. 14 b. 13 c. 12 d. 10

(12) Which of the following can be the value of

1 +

1 +

1 1 +

1 +

1 +

1 +

1 :

+

 a. 2 2 b. 3 c. 4 d. 1 (13) Find the unit digit of the number (724307) 759 . a. 9 b. 3 c. 7 d. 1

(14) An example of a rational number between

a.

c.

3.7

3.2

Fill in the blanks and

b.

d. is  (15) The average of 11 numbers is 42. If the average of first 5 numbers is 44 and that of last 5 is

41, then the 5 th number = .   Many more such worksheets can be generated at www.edugain.com

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(1)

1

ID : ca-9-Kangaroo 

Step 1 Step 2

ABC = 180° - AEC

Step 3

[ Opposite angels of cyclic quadrilateral are supplementary ]

[ Opposite angles of parallelogram are equal ]

 Step 4 ∠ADE = ∠AED [ 180° - ∠AEC = ∠AED ] Step 5

(2)

v/u

Step 1

Equation of line y = mx + c Since it goes through center, c is 0, hence equation is y = m x

Step 2

For first point x = v and y = wv, hence wv = m v

m = w

Step 3

For second point x = u and y = v, hence v = m u

m = v/u

Step 4

On comparing two equations, w = v/u

(1)

(1)

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(3)

8 cm

ID : ca-9-Kangaroo 

Step 1

Take a look at the following image Here A is the center of the first circle, and B the center of the second circle. The common chord is CD We know that the line AB bisects CD, and is perpendicular to it So the perpendicular from C to AB is half the length of CD. Let's call this length L

 1 Area of ABC = x AB x L 2 Step 2

By Heron's formula, area of triangle ABC =

AB + BC + CA

5 + 4 + 3 ,
 S = = = 6 2 2 Area of ABC = = 6 Step 3 1 1 Area = 6 = x AB x L = x 3 x L 2 2 2 x 6 Therefore L = = 4

3

Length of CD = 2L = 2 x 4 = 8

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(4)

108√3 cm 2

ID : ca-9-Kangaroo 

Step 1

Following figure shows the required triangle, Let's assume the sides of the equilateral triangle ΔABC be x.

The area of the triangle ΔABC can be calculated using Heron's formula, since all sides of

the triangles are known.

S = (AB + BC + CA)/2

= (x + x + x)/2

= 3x/2 cm.

The area of the ΔABC = √[S(S - AB)(S - BC)(S - CA) ]

 = √[ 3x (3x/2 - x)(3x/2 - x)(3x/2 - x) ] 2 = √[ 3x (x/2)(x/2)(x/2) ] 2 = √[ 3x (x/2) 3 ]

2

= √[ 3(x/2) 4 ]

= √3[ (x/2) 2 ]

√3

= (x) 2 ------(1)

4

Step 2

The area of the triangle AOB =

'x' × 8

=

=

2

8x

2

Step 3

AB × OP

2

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(5)

ID : ca-9-Kangaroo 6x
Similarly, the area of the triangle ΔBOC =
2
4x
and the area of the triangle ΔAOC =
.
2
Step 4
The the area of the triangle ΔABC = Area(ΔAOB) + Area(ΔBOC) + Area(ΔAOC)
8x
6x
4x
=
+
+
2
2
2
18x
=
-----(2)
2
Step 5
By comparing equation (1) and (2), we get,
√3
18x
(x) 2 =
4 2
36
⇒ x =
√3
Step 6
√3
Now, Area(ΔABC) =
(x) 2
4
√3
36
4 √3
324
=
= 108 √3 cm 2
√3
Step 7
Hence, the area of the triangle is 108√3 cm 2 .

=

(

) 2

115°

Step 1

We know that a chord subtends the same angle to points on the circumference of the circle that are on the same side Here, we know ADB = ACB Also, in triangle APC, APC + ACP + PAC = 180°

Step 2

We need to find DAC DAC = PAC = APB - ACB = APB - DAC = 45° - 70° = 115°

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 (6) 4 cm Step 1 Following figure shows the semicircle with the diameter AC, According to the question, AB = 2 cm and BC = 8 cm. The diameter(AC) of the semicircle = AB + BC = 2 + 8 = 10 cm Step 2 Let's draw a line OD from the center of the semicircle, as shown in the following figure, The line OD, OA and OC are the radius of the semicircle. Therefore, OD = OA = OC = AC/2 = 10/2 = 5 cm Now, OB = OA - AB = 5 - 2 = 3 cm Step 3 In ΔOBD, ∠OBD = 90° BD 2 = OD 2 - OB 2 [By the Pythagorean theorem] ⇒ BD 2 = 5 2 - 3 2 ⇒ BD 2 = 16 ⇒ BD 2 = 4 2 ⇒ BD = 4 cm Step 4 Hence, the length of the BD is 4 cm.

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 (7) 10 Step 1 Here (x-1)! will not be divisible by x, only if x is a prime number. Step 2 Between 16 and 54, let us count the prime numbers: 17,19,23,29,31,37,41,43,47,53. Step 3 There are 10 prime numbers, so the answer to the above question will be 10. (8) -1

Step 1

Equation of line y = m x + c

Step 2

Substitute first point in the equation

 2 = -1 m + c m = (2 - c)/-1 (1)

Step 3

Substitute second point in the equation

 8 = -3 m + c m = (8 - c)/-3 (2)

Step 4

On equating value of m from both equations, (2 - c)/-1 = (8 - c)/-3 -6 + 3c = -8 + 1c

2 c = -2

c = -1

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(9)

1

ID : ca-9-Kangaroo 

Step 1

Equation of line y = m x + c

Step 2

Substitute first point in the equation

 4 = 3 m + c m = (4 - c)/3 (1)

Step 3

Substitute second point in the equation

 2 = 2 m + c m = (2 - c)/2 (2)

Step 4

On equating value of m from both equations, (4 - c)/3 = (2 - c)/2

8 - 2c = 6 - 3c

1 c = -2 c = -2

Step 5

m = (4 - c)/3 = 2

Step 6

Equation of line : y = 2 x + c

Now when line intersect with x axis, value of y will be 0

0 = 2x + (-2) x = 1

(10) b. All computers are toys

Step 1

Since all computers are phones, and all phones are toys, this means all computers are toys.

Step 2

Thus the option b is correct.

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(11) c. 12

ID : ca-9-Kangaroo 

Step 1

Let the number of 3-marks question be x. Then, the number of 4-marks questions = 17 - x.

Step 2

The total marks secured will be equal to: 3x + 4(17 - x) = 68 - x.

Step 3

Total marks secured by Donald = 56. Thus, 68 - x = 56 or, x = 12.

Step 4

The number of 3-marks questions Donald attempted is 12.

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ID : ca-9-Kangaroo 

(12) a. 2

Step 1

There are two possible solutions, but we'll only look at one here

Step 2

Let's consider the first term

1 , and multiply it with

Obviously it doesn't change the value, since = 1

1 x =  2-1

= Step 3 1

Similarly, take the second term

1

x and multiply it with =  =

3-2 Step 4  We do the same for all the other terms. The last term is    9-8 = Step 5

So the original equation now becomes

1

and multiply it with  Step 6

Simplifying, we get = 3 - 1 = 2 1

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(13) b. 3

ID : ca-9-Kangaroo 

Step 1

Let us look at the units digits of a few powers of 7:

7 1 = 7, unit digit is 7

7 2 = 7 × 7 = 49, unit digit is 9

7 3 = 7 × 7 × 7 = 343, unit digit is 3

7 4 = 7 × 7 × 7 × 7 = 2201, unit digit is 1

7 5 = 7 × 7 × 7 × 7 × 7 = 15407, unit digit is 7

Step 2

We can see that the unit digit repeats after the power 4. We can further observe that the unit digit of powers of 7 repeats after every power that is a multiple of 4.

Step 3

Remainder of

759

4

= 3

This means 759 is 3 more than being a perfect multiple of 4.

Step 4

Therefore, the unit digit of (724307) 759 = unit digit of 7 3 , which is 3.

(14) c. 3.2

Step 1

We know both and

Step 2

The product of the two is also irrational, as is their average

Step 3

The approximate value of out 3.7

Step 4

So out of the 4 choices, we are only left with 3.2  are irrational numbers, as they are not perfect squares is 2.82, and the approximate value of is 3.6. This rules

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(15) 37

ID : ca-9-Kangaroo 

Step 1

The average of 11 numbers is 42, which means the sum of numbers is equal to 42 × 11 =

462.

Step 2

The average of first 5 numbers is 44, which means the sum of first 5 numbers will be 44 × 5 = 220.

Step 3

The average of last 5 numbers is 41, which means sum of last 5 numbers is 41 × 5 = 205.

Step 4

The sum of first and last 5 numbers is 220 + 205 = 425.

Step 5

This means the 5 th number is 462 - 425 = 37.