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ID : ca-10-Kangaroo [1] Grade 10 Kangaroo

ID : ca-10-Kangaroo [1]

Grade 10

Kangaroo

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Answer the questions

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

If secθ + tan θ = p, simplify

( 2 ) ( 3 ) ( 4 ) (5) If secθ + tan θ =

in terms of θ.

Simplify

(5) If secθ + tan θ = p, simplify in terms of θ. Simplify If the

If the sum of the first n terms of an arithmetic progression is given by the equation 13n + 4n 2 ,

then what is the 24 th element of this AP?

Simplify cos 6 θ + sin 6 θ + 3 cos 2 θ sin 2 θ

The sum of the first n even natural numbers is 90. Find the value of n.

Choose correct answer(s) from given choice

(6)

Faces of a cube are marked with A,B,C,D,E and F. If two views of cube are as shown below, what will be there on the face opposite to face C?

 
 
 
 

a.

F

b. A

c.

D

d. Cannot be determined

(7)

The sum of first 7 terms of an arithmetic progression is 196. The ratio of term 10 th to term 40 th

of the AP is 19:79. What is the value of the 80 th term of the AP?

a.

636

b. 644

c.

652

d. 628

(8)

A die has numbers 1 to 6, such that sum of opposite faces are always 7. Which is the correct view of die ?

a.

c.

faces are always 7. Which is the correct view of die ? a. c. Copyright 2016
faces are always 7. Which is the correct view of die ? a. c. Copyright 2016

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b.

d.

correct view of die ? a. c. Copyright 2016 www.edugain.com b. d. Personal use only. Commercial
correct view of die ? a. c. Copyright 2016 www.edugain.com b. d. Personal use only. Commercial

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(9)

3(sin 4 θ + cos 4 θ) - 2(sin 6 θ + cos 6 θ) = ?

ID : ca-10-Kangaroo [2]

a.

sinθ cosθ

b. 0

c.

1

d. sinθ - cosθ

(10) If secθ + tan θ = y, find value of sec θ in terms of y.

a.

c.

+ tan θ = y, find value of sec θ in terms of y. a. c.
+ tan θ = y, find value of sec θ in terms of y. a. c.

b.

d.

tan θ = y, find value of sec θ in terms of y. a. c. b.
tan θ = y, find value of sec θ in terms of y. a. c. b.

(11) What is the sum of all three-digit numbers that are divisible by 17?

a.

28831

b. 28833

c.

28829

d. 28832

(12) Find the next term of given sequence 19, 21, 24, 29, 36, 47, 60,

a.

80

b. 72

c.

85

d. 77

(13) Which of following shows relation between Stationary, Ruler and Eraser.

a.

c.

shows relation between Stationary, Ruler and Eraser. a. c. b . d . (14) Find the
shows relation between Stationary, Ruler and Eraser. a. c. b . d . (14) Find the

b.

d.

between Stationary, Ruler and Eraser. a. c. b . d . (14) Find the next term
between Stationary, Ruler and Eraser. a. c. b . d . (14) Find the next term

(14) Find the next term of given sequence 5, 21, 85, 341, 1365,

a.

5465

b. 5456

c.

5462

d. 5461

(15) 1925 cans are stored in a warehouse in such a manner that there are 224 cans in the bottom row, 217 cans in the second row, 210 cans in the third row, and so on. How many rows of cans are there?

a.

8

b. 9

c.

10

d. 12

of cans are there? a. 8 b. 9 c. 10 d. 12 © 2016 Edugain (www.edugain.com).

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Answers

ID : ca-10-Kangaroo [3]

(1)

sinθ

Step 1

(1) sinθ Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 (2) 0

Step 2

(1) sinθ Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 (2) 0

Step 3

(1) sinθ Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 (2) 0

Step 4

(1) sinθ Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 (2) 0

(2)

0

Step 1 On adding two fractions

=

Step 1 On adding two fractions = Step 2 = Step 3 = Step 4 =

Step 2

=

Step 1 On adding two fractions = Step 2 = Step 3 = Step 4 =

Step 3

=

Step 1 On adding two fractions = Step 2 = Step 3 = Step 4 =

Step 4

=

Step 1 On adding two fractions = Step 2 = Step 3 = Step 4 =

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ID : ca-10-Kangaroo [4]

(3)

201

 

Step 1

For an arithmetic progression with first term = a 1 , and common difference of successive

members = d, sum of first n terms is given by, S n = (n/2)[2a 1 + (n-1)d ]

 

Step 2

It is given that sum of first n terms is 13n + 4n 2 ,

S n = 13n + 4n 2

(n/2)[2a 1 + (n-1)d ] = 13n + 4n 2

(n/2)[2a 1 + nd - d ] = 13n + 4n 2

na 1 + (d/2)n 2 - (d/2)n = 13n + 4n 2

(a 1 - d/2)n + (d/2)n 2 = 13n + 4n 2

(1)

Step 3

On comparing factors of n 2 in Eq. (1) d/2 = 4

d = 8

Step 4

 

On comparing factors of n in Eq. (1) a 1 - d/2 = 13

a 1 - d/2 = 13

a 1 - 4 = 13

a 1 = 13 + 4

a 1 = 17

Step 5

Now we can find 24 th term using standard formula for arithmetic progression, a n = a 1 + (n-1) d

a 24 = 17 + (24-1) 8

 

a 24 = 17 + 184

a 24 = 201

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ID : ca-10-Kangaroo [5]

(4)

1

 

Step 1

Expression can be rewritten as following

=

(cos 2 θ) 3 + (sin 2 θ) 3 + 3 cos 2 θ sin 2 θ

Step 2

Since x 3 + y 3 = ( x + y ) ( x 2 + y 2 - xy)

=

(cos 2 θ + sin 2 θ ) [ (cos 2 θ) 2 + (sin 2 θ) 2 - cos 2 θ sin 2 θ ] + 3 cos 2 θ sin 2 θ

Step 3

Since cos 2 θ + sin 2 θ =1 and x 2 + y 2 = (x+y) 2 - 2 xy)

= (cos 2 θ + sin 2 θ ) [ (cos 2 θ + sin 2 θ) 2 - 2 cos 2 θ sin 2 θ - cos 2 θ sin 2 θ] + 3 cos 2 θ sin 2 θ

= [ 1 - 3 cos 2 θ sin 2 θ ] + 3 cos 2 θ sin 2 θ

 

= 1

(5)

9

 

Step 1

2 + 4 + 6 +

n terms = 90

 

Step 2

n(2 × 2 + 2(n - 1))/2 = 90 [Using AP summation Sn = n/2(2×2 + d(n - 1) )]

 

Step 3

n 2 + n = 90

 

Step 4

n 2 + n - 90 = 0

 

Step 5

(n - 9) (n + 10) = 0

 

Step 6

n = 9 or -10. Since n cannot be negative, n = 9

(6)

d. Cannot be determined

In the two views no number is common, therefore relative information is not known and we cannot determine opposite faces with these two views.

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(7)

a. 636

ID : ca-10-Kangaroo [6]

Step 1

Sum of the first n terms of arithmetic progression, Sn = (n/2)[2a + (n - 1)d].

n th term of arithmetic progression, a n = a + (n - 1)d].

Step 2

It is given that sum of the first 7 terms is 196, S 7 = 196

(7/2)[2a + (7 - 1)d] = 196

(7/2)[2a + 6d] = 196

14a + 42d = 392

1a + 3d = 28 ------(1)

Step 3

Now 10 th and 40 th terms can be found as following, a 10 = [a + (10 - 1)d] = a + 9d,

a 40 = [a + (40 - 1)d] = a + 39d

It is also given that the ratio of term 10 th to term 40 th of the AP is 19:79,

a + 9d

a + 39d

=

19

79

79a + 711d = 19a + 741d

79a - 19a = 741d -711d

60a = 30d

a = (1/2) d ------(2)

Step 4

On substiuting value of a from equation (1) in equation (2), we get,

d = 8

Step 5

Now,

a = (1/2) d

a = (1/2) (8)

a = 4

Step 6

Now, the value of the 80 th term of the AP, a 80 = a + (80 - 1)d

= 4 + 79(8)

= 636

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(8)

c.

(8) c. ID : ca-10-Kangaroo [7] Since sum of opposite faces are 7, face marked x

ID : ca-10-Kangaroo [7]

Since sum of opposite faces are 7, face marked x should face 7-x. Hence x and 7-x cannot be adjacent faces. In given four choices only one view is such that x and 7-x are not adjacent.

(9)

c. 1

 

Step 1

=

3 (sin 4 θ + cos 4 θ) - 2 [ (sin 2 θ) 3 + (cos 2 θ) 3 } ]

Step 2

=

3 (sin 4 θ + cos 4 θ) - 2 [ (sin 2 θ + cos 2 θ) {(sin 2 θ) 2 + (cos 2 θ) 2 - sin 2 θ cos 2 θ } ]

Step 3

Since sin 2 θ + cos 2 θ = 1

=3 (sin 4 θ + cos 4 θ) - 2 {sin 4 θ + cos 4 θ - sin 2 θ cos 2 θ }

 

Step 4

=

sin 4 θ + cos 4 θ + 2 sin 2 θ cos 2 θ

Step 5

=

(sin 2 θ + cos 2 θ) 2 = 1 2 = 1

(10) d.

(sin 2 θ + cos 2 θ) 2 = 1 2 = 1 (10) d .

Step 1

We know that sec 2 θ - tan 2 θ = 1

Step 2

(secθ + tanθ) (secθ - tanθ) = 1

Step 3

y (secθ - tanθ) = 1

Step 4

secθ - tanθ = 1/y

Step 5

Now (secθ + tanθ) + (secθ - tanθ) = y + 1/y

Step 6

2 secθ = y + 1/y

Step 7

secθ = 1/2(y + 1/y)

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(11) d. 28832

ID : ca-10-Kangaroo [8]

Step 1

All numbers which are divisible by 17, forms an arithmetic progression with differences between consecutive terms to be 17

Step 2

We know smallest three digit number is 100. On dividing 100 by 17 we get remainder of 15 Therefore if we if we add remaining (17 - 15 = 2) to 100, resultant number (100 + 2 = 102) will be fully divisible by 17 Therefore first number of the arithmetic progression is 102

Step 3

Similarly, largest three digit number is 999. On dividing 999 by 17 we get remainder of 13 Therefore if we if we subtract 13 from 999, resultant number (999 - 13 = 986) will be fully divisible by 17 Therefore last number of the arithmetic progression is 986

Step 4

If

there are total N terms in series, N th term is given by

T

N = T 1 + (N-1)d

986 = 102 + (N-1)(17)

17(N - 1) = 986 - 102

17(N - 1) = 884

N - 1 = 884/17

N - 1 = 52

N = 52 + 1

N = 53

Step 5

Now sum of arithmetic progression can be found using standard formula,

S N = (N/2)[T 1 + (N-1)d]

S N = (53/2)[2×102 + (53-1)(17)]

S N = (53/2)[204 + 884]

S N = (53/2)[1088]

S N = 28832

(12) d. 77

Pattern - Add successive prime numbers : 60 + 17 = 77

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(13)

b.

(13) b. ID : ca-10-Kangaroo [9] Step 1 We know that Eraser and Ruler are stationary

ID : ca-10-Kangaroo [9]

Step 1

We know that Eraser and Ruler are stationary or we can say that both Eraser and Ruler lies inside the Stationary.

Step 2

Therefore the correct figure which shows the relation between Stationary, Eraser and Ruler is,

the Stationary. Step 2 Therefore the correct figure which shows the relation between Stationary, Eraser and

(14) d. 5461

Pattern - a*n + b

a=4, b=1, 1365 * 4 + 1 = 5461

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ID : ca-10-Kangaroo [10]

(15) c. 10

 
 

Step 1

 

Number of cans in first row from bottom a 1 = 224,

Number of cans in second row from bottom a 2 = 217,

Number of cans in third row from bottom a 3 = 210,

and so on

 

Step 2

We can see that difference in number of cans in successive rows is fixed, a 2 - a 1 = 217 - 224 = -7,

a 3 - a 2 = 210 - 217 = -7

 

Since, a 2 - a 1 = a 3 - a 2 ,

therefore, the series of number of cans in a row are in AP. Now, a = 224,

d

= -7

Step 3

 

n

We know that, S n =

[2a + (n - 1)d] -----(1)

 

2

Let's assume, the number of rows to be 'n'. According to the question, the number of cans in the warehouse = 1925, Therefore, S n = 1925 -----(2).

Step 4

 

By comparing equation (1) and (2), we get:

 

n

1925

=

[2a + (n - 1)d]

 

2

n

1925

=

[(2 × 224) + (n - 1)(-7)]

 

2

n

[-7n + (455)]

1925 =

 
 

2

3850 = [-7n 2 + (455n)]

 

7n 2 - 455n + 3850 = 0

Step 5

 

The number of rows in the warehouse can neither be negative nor in fraction, the value of 'n' must be positive integer. By solving above quadratic equation, we get:

n

= 10

Step 6

 

Therefore, there are 10 rows of cans in the warehouse.

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