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Example (ABSORBER)

CO2 is absorbed into propylene carbonate


in a packed column. The inlet gas stream
is 20 mol% CO2 and 80 mol% methane.
The gas stream flows at a rate of 7200
m3/h and the column operates at 60 C
and 60.1 atm. The inlet solvent flow is
2000 kmol/hr. Use HYSYS to determine
the concentration of CO2 (mole %) in the
exit gas stream, the column height (m) and
the column diameter (m).
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Absorber feed conditions

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Component tab>Add

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Select your components

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Select a fluid package

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Select Sour PR>Enter to


Simulation Environment

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Simulation Environment

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Select the Absorber icon from the pallet and click


inside the simulation environment

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Double click on the absorber and file in the inlet stream


and exit streams as in the yellow area

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Click Next> fill in top and bottom


pressure 60.1 atm

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Click next and fill in the top and


bottom stage temperature

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Close the absorber column Input Expert menu,


notice that the stream are light blue

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Double click on inlet gas stream and solvent


stream and fill in temperature, pressure and
compositions

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The solvent stream is fully specified

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Gases in
The other inlet stream Gases In should
also be defined in a similar way. For the
Gases In stream, enter the composition
as methane 0.8, CO2 0.2 & propylene
carbonate - 0. Specify Molar Flow as 7200
m3/s (Note that HYSYS will convert the
flow rate to kgmol as indicated in figure
7d). See to that the Gases In stream also
changes to dark blue in color.
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Click on the Gas in stream and enter T, P,


Composition and flow rate

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Conditions

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Double click on the column, Run

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Running the column


On the PFD, double click on "T-100".
When the column window pops up, click
on the Run button located near the
bottom of the window. The red
Unconverged box should turn to green
Converged if all the above procedure
was followed.

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Converged

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The absorber is ready

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Diameter and Height


However, the results that are obtained at
this point do not represent a true model for
our gas absorption column because the
simulation was run using trays, not
packing. Now, lets see how to replace
trays with packing.

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Calculate Diameter and height?


Tools>Utilities

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Select Tray sizing

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Name it as packing, click on Auto section

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Select: Packed
Packing type: Rasching rings (ceramic) in

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Click on next and complete auto section

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Getting the design parameters:


Go to Tools menu and click on Utilities.
A window named Available Utilities will
pop up. Select Packing and click on
View Utility button. On the window that
pops-up, click on Auto Section and
change the internal type selection from
Valve to Packed. You dont have to
select the type of packing again. Click on
Next and then on Complete Auto
Section.
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Click on Select TS

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Select TS-1> OK

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Click Complete Auto section

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Run the column again


Double click on the column and click on
run again

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Tools Utilities
Go to Tools menu and click on
Utilities. A window named Available
Utilities will pop up. Select Packing and
click on View Utility button. On the
window that pops-up, click on Auto
Section and change the internal type
selection from Valve to Packed. You
dont have to select the type of packing
again. Click on Next and then on
Complete Auto Section.
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Results
Now, click on the Performance tab and
select Packed. In the section results, you
can see the diameter and the height of the
section. Enter these values on the
handout. Now, go back to the PFD
window and double-click on the Gases
Out stream and note the composition of
CO2 on the handout.
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Results

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Double click on Gas out stream

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