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Design and Analysis of High Power

Speaker Unit

LCD TV

LCD TV

COMSOL

e-Thesys (96 )

Design and Analysis of High Power Speaker Unit

Abstract
To overcome the drawbacks of poor audio performance in current
market of LCD TV and portable speaker system, this thesis aims at how to
achieve the optimized design parameters for high rated power speaker with
excellent sound performance.

The main design aspects are to increase the

sensitivity for improving the sound performance and enhance the capability
of thermal dissipation for sustaining a high input power to the speaker unit.
Two methodsthe equivalent circuit method and the finite element software
COMSOLhave been applied in this work to achieve high sensitivity for
the desired high rated power speaker.

Optimal dimensions of frame,

diaphragm, spider, length and diameter of voice coil, magnetic circuit and
heat sink have been determined by analyzing and simulating the speaker.
Consequently, the present design methodology can optimize choice of
materials, speaker component and speaker size.

All parameters for the

analysis have been experimentally measured for the speaker.

To verify our

analysis, the speaker sensitivity has been experimentally measured by B&K


electroacoustic measurements with the software Sound Check in an anechoic
chamber.

The proposed methodology and analysis could not only offer

ii

FCU e-Thesys (2007/2008)

Design and Analysis of High Power Speaker Unit

valuable results for us to tailor the end products for future development of
high power speakers but also provide us valuable insight into how a high
power speaker will perform.

iii

FCU e-Thesys (2007/2008)


...............................................1
1-1 ...............................................1
1-2 ...........................................2
1-3 ...........................................3
1-4 ...........................................4
...........................................7
2-1 ..........................................7
2-1-1 ...................................11
2-1-2 ..........................................12
2-1-3 ..........................13
2-2 .................................15
2-3 ..........................19
2-4 ........................................24
..............................25
3-1 ..................................26
3-2 ..................................26
3-2-1 ........................................27
3-2-2 ........................................27
iv

3-2-3 .......................................28
3-2-4 .....................................30
3-2-5 ...............................31
3-2-6 ..................31
3-2-7 ..................33
3-2-8 ................35
3-2-9 ................37
3-2-10 .......................................38
3-2-11 .....................................47
3-2-12 .......................................48
3-2-13 .....................................49
3-2-14 .......................................50
3-2-15 .........................................51
3-3 .............................54
3-4 .............................................59
....................................60
4-1 .........................60
4-2 ........................................66
4-3 . ................................71

4-4 .............................74
4-5 ...........................76
4-6 ....................79
4-7 ........................81
4-8 ........................83
4-9 ........................................85
....................................88
5-1 ..............................................88
5-2 ..........................................89
.................................................91

vi

1.1: ...............................4
2.1: .......................................9
2.2: ......................................11
2.3: ....................18
2.4: ( ) ( Transformer
Gyrator).................................................19
2.5: ( ) ( Transformer
Gyrator).................................................20
2.6: ......................22
2.7: ..............23
3.1: ..................................26
3.2: ............................30
3.3: arc-length ..............................31
3.4: (H)...................32
3.5: (H)...........................33
3.6: (R)...................34
3.7: ..............................34

vii

e-Thesys (96 )

3.8: (H)...................35
3.9: ..............................36
3.10: .....................................36
3.11: (R)..................37
3.12: (R)..........................38
3.13: .........................41
3.14: ...............................41
3.15: ...................41
3.16: .............42
3.17: .......................42
3.18: .........................44
3.19: .............................45
3.20: ().........46
3.21: ().........47
3.22: .................................48
3.23: .....................................50
3.24: .......................................51
3.25: .................................53
3.26: ...................53

viii

e-Thesys (96 )

3.27: .....................................54
3.28: ...............55
3.29: .....................56
3.30: .................................57
3.31: .............................58
3.32: .............................59
4.1: ........................................62
4.2: ..................................63
4.3: SoundCheck ...................64
4.4: ......................................65
4.5: ....................................65
4.6: ....................................72
4.7: ............................72
4.8: f s f1 f 2 ....................73
4.9: ...................76
4.10: ................78
4.11: ..........80
4.12: ................82
4.13: ................84

viiii

e-Thesys (96 )

2-1: 1/12 .......................12


2-2: ..............................13
2-3: ........................16
2-4: ...................................17
2-5: ....................................18
3-1: ......................................28
4-1 ........................61
4-2: ......................70
4-3: . ...... ....... ...75
4-4 : ....... .. ..... .... .... .... ..77
4-5: ..........................79
4-6: ......................81
4-7 ......................83
4-8: ..................................86
4-9: ..............................87

e-Thesys (96 )

1-1

MP3 (Media Player)


LCD TV CRT TV

MP3
MP3

LCD TV
CRT LCD TV

91 e-Thesys (96 )

1-2

(Micro-speaker)
20 mm

5 mm
(Damper or Spider)(Voice Form)
(Rated Power)

LCD TV DVD

91 e-Thesys (96 )

30 mm 50 mm

30 mm
(Rated Power) 1 W
3 W 30 mm

3 W 5 W

1-3

Mr. Page John William Strutt


170 (Alexander Graham

91 e-Thesys (96 )

Bell)

()
N S

1.1

1.1:

1-4

91 e-Thesys (96 )

(Sound Pressure Level Curve)

LCD TV

30 mm
JVC

91 e-Thesys (96 )

91 e-Thesys (96 )

2-1

20 Hz 20 kHz

90 Hz 500 Hz 130 Hz 1200 Hz


300 Hz 3400 Hz

91 e-Thesys (96 )

dB SPL(Decibel)
0 dB 1 kHz 0.0002
bar(bar)(Bell)

Pa (
2

/N/m ) Pa bar :
1 Pa = 10 bar
0.0002 bar = 2x10

-4

Pa = 20 Pa

1Pa : 94 dB
1bar : 74 dB
dB SPL = 20 log10 P/20x10

-4

= 20log10 P+94

1 bar 74 dB 120 dB
140 dB
2.1

91 e-Thesys (96 )

2.1: [1]

Equal loudness
level contours 1825

91 e-Thesys (96 )

2.2 (pure
tone) 2.2

1000 Hz
40 dB 40 phon (phon )
70 dB 70 phon 1000 Hz

1 kHz 40 dB
30 Hz 80 dB
2 kHz 5 kHz
32 dB

10

91 e-Thesys (96 )

2.2: [1]

2-1-1

11

91 e-Thesys (96 )

(Pitch): (Frequency) Cps(Cycle Per


Second )(Hz)
(Volume):(Amplitude)
dB(0.0002 bar)

(Tone):
(Harmonic Wave) 1
kHz

2-1-2 (Octave)
12 1 12

1/12 Oct 1/24 Oct
12 24 20 Hz 40 Hz 1/12 Oct

2-1: 1/12
20 21.2 22.4 23.8

25.2

26.7

28.3

12

30

31.7 33.6 35.6 37.6 40

91 e-Thesys (96 )

2-1-3

2-2:
Brand
Altec Lansing

JBL

Veco

SPEC.

Dimension

Thickness

Rated Input

Max. Input

Resonant
Frequency

Sensitivity at
1KHz

THD at 1Khz

Frequency range

33 mm

27 mm

27.7 mm

20 mm

14 mm

15 mm

3 Watt

3 Watt

3 Watt

5 Watt

5 Watt

5 Watt

190 Hz

275 Hz

250 Hz

85 dB at
0.1 W/10 cm

85 dB at
0.1 W/10 cm

84 dB at
0.1 W/10 cm

5%

5%

5%

190~20 kHz

275~20 kHz

250~15 kHz

13

91 e-Thesys (96 )

2-2 Altec Lansing

PC MP3 JBL

MP3 PC Altec Lansing


VECO

2-2 :
: 30 mm
: 14~20 mm
: 3 Watts
: 5 Watts
: 190~275 Hz
SPL: 84 dB 0.1 W/ 10 cm
: 5% 1 kHz
:
: 190~20 kHz

14

91 e-Thesys (96 )

2-2

Qm (
) Qt () Qe ()

U D

( Qm
Qe Qt ) LMS
Cm Rm mm U D

[2] 2-3

2.3

15

91 e-Thesys (96 )

2-3:

Domain
Bi =

ma rad

Bi

0 rD
AD

Acoustic

8
(Baffled)
3

0
rD

Z a rad

AD

domain
Ra rad

Bi2 0 c
Br AD

Br =

1
(Baffled)
2

Z a rad

mm

Zm

mm s

Z m s

Zm

Cm

(Piston)

Cm s

Vms
0c 2

Mechanical
domain

Vms
Z m s

f s :

Rm

mm f s
Qt

Zm
Qt :

Rg

16

Z elc

91 e-Thesys (96 )

Re

Z elc

Electric

Le

Z elc

domain

2-4:

( 0 )

1.293

Kg / m2

( c )

343

m/s

( )

1.86 105

Kg / ms

( )

1.3987

( p0 )

7 105

17

Pa

91 e-Thesys (96 )

2-5:

(a)

1410

(h)

3510

-3

m
-5

m
-3

( s )

kg/m

0.67610
-3

(E)

2.65310

Newton/m2

6.63 103

(b)

Coil resistance
Diaphragm
compliance

Radiation resistance

Diaphragm
resistance
Air mass
Diaphragm

(Radiation mass)

mass
Coil inductance
Coil losses

Electrical Domain

Mechanical Domain

Acoustic Domain

2.3: [2]

18

91 e-Thesys (96 )

2-3

(B&K) 10 cm
0.1 W

1. ( Transformer Gyrator)
ma rad

Rg

Le

mm Cm

Re
Bl

Rm
S D :1

v ,U

Ra rad

ig

+
_

vD

U arad

2.4: ()( Transformer Gyrator)

19

91 e-Thesys (96 )

2. ( Transformer):
Z elc
Zm
Z a rad

( Bl )

R g + Le + R e

S D2 ma rad

mm

Cm

Rm

v ,U
S D2 Ra rad

+
_

v ,U

eg Bl
Z g + Z eb

vD

v ,U

2.5 ()( Transformer Gyrator)

3. :
(Electrical domain)

Z g = Rg

(2-3-3.1)

Z eb = Re + j Le

(2-3-3.2)

Z elc =

( Bl )

(2-3-3.3)

Z g + Z eb

(Mechanical domain)

20

91 e-Thesys (96 )

Z m = j mm + Rm +

1
jCm

(2-3-3.4)

(Acoustic domain)

Z a rad = S D2 (

Ra rad * j ma rad
)
Ra rad + j ma rad

(2-3-3.5)

Z total = Z elc + Z m + Z a rad

(2-3-3.6)

vD =

eg Bl

(2-3-3.7)

Z g + Z eb Z total

U D = vD S D

(2-3-3.8)

P=

j 0 S D vD eikR j 0U D eikR
=
2 R
2 R

(2-3-3.9)

21

91 e-Thesys (96 )

R S D
4.
Methematica 2.6
300Hz
94dB 0.5dB
1 ~4dB

S en sitivity in dB
---------------------H arm on ic in d B

8 Simulation

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

8 Simulation

100

1000

10000

100000

Freque ncy

2.6:

22

91 e-Thesys (96 )

5. :

280~300Hz
2.7

S en si ti vi ty i n d B
---------------------H a r m o ni c i n d B

100

90
#3 FR

80
#4 FR

70

#5 FR

#6 FR

60

50
100

1000

10000
F re q u e n c y

2.7:

23

91 e-Thesys (96 )

100000

2-4

Methematica
100
Hz~350 Hz 400 Hz~2 kHz
1 dB~4 dB
9 kHz~19 kHz

24

91 e-Thesys (96 )

25

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3-1 (Part List)


( 3.1 )

Dust Cap

Voice Coil
Damper
Terminal Board
Frame
Polar
Magnet
Under Yoke

3.1:

3-2

26

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3-2-1. (Frame)

(PBTPPSABSABS
+ carbon fiber) 2
PBT

3-2-2 (Under Yoke)

(S
N)

()

27

91 e-Thesys (96 )

(
3.2 )

3-2-3 (Magnet)

3-1
3-1:

1.()

(Fe-O)

Fe2O3()

BaCo3() 2.

SrCo3()

300

(Sm-Co)

28

91 e-Thesys (96 )

(Ne-Fe-B)

(Alnico)

...

(Rubber Magnet)

...

29

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3-2-4 (Polar Piece)


(N S)

(Gap)


Gap
( 3.2 )

( Gap):

Polar Piece

Magnet

Under Yoke

3.2:

30

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3-2-5

arc-length
3.3
CONSOL

3.5 103 m

3.3: arc-length

3-2-6
3.5 H 0.2 mm

31

91 e-Thesys (96 )

0.2 mm 0.1 T(H)

(H)

13mm

12.5mm

18.2mm

3.4: (H)

32

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3.5: (H)

3-2-7
3.6 0.2 mm
0.2 mm 0.25 T

33

91 e-Thesys (96 )

13mm

3mm

18.2mm

3.6: (R)

3.7:

34

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3-2-8
3.8
3.9

13mm

18.2mm

3.8: (H)

35

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3.9:

arc-length
3.5 10 3 m

3.10:

36

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3-2-9
5.25 mm 6.5 mm 0.2
mm 3.11

D
2mm
3mm
18.2mm

3.11: (R)

37

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3.12: (R)

3-2-10 (Voice Coil)

(Gap)


( 3.13 )

38

91 e-Thesys (96 )

( 3.14)
NOMEX

(Rubber)

(epoxy)

39

91 e-Thesys (96 )

(tweeter)
300C
(tweeter)

(tweeter)
(Gap)
(gap)

3.13

40

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3.13:

3.14:

3.15:

41

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3.16:

3.17:

42

91 e-Thesys (96 )

150~180
:
1. (Signal Generator) 3.18
2. (Voice Coil Temperature Meter) 3.18

3. (Data Recorder) 3.18


4. (PC) 3.18

3.18

43

91 e-Thesys (96 )

Signal Generator

USB

PC

(DATA RECORDER)

3.18:
: 1.
3.18
2. 3.19
3.
4.
5. 1.3
6. ()

44

91 e-Thesys (96 )

100 V20 V

20

8
3.19:

( 3.20 3.21 ) 3
3 100C
5 3 150C
1.3 6.5

45

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3 160C

DSH948 DSH945 5
150 320
5

3.20: ()

46

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3.21: ()

3-2-11 (Diaphragm)

(Low Mass)(High Stiffness)


(Hight Damping)
:
:

47

91 e-Thesys (96 )

: (Paper Cone)(Aluminum Alloy)(Titanium


Alloy)(Carbon Fiber)(Plastic)(Mylar)
( 3.22 )

3.22:

3-2-12 (Edge or Surround)


Edge
(Gap)

48

91 e-Thesys (96 )

(Edge)(Cloth)
(Form)(Rubber)(Elastomer)
Elastomer Rubber rubber
rubber

3-2-13 (Cap)
( 3.23 )

soft don
3 k~5 kHz
(Paper Cone)(Aluminum
Alloy)(Titanium Alloy)(Carbon Fiber)
(Plastic)(Mylar) (Cloth)

49

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3.23:

3-2-14 (Damper or Spider)


( 3.24 )

(Cloth)CONEXCONEX PCK(Lawn)

50

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3.24:

3-2-15 (Glue)
( 3.25 3.26 )

AB

51

91 e-Thesys (96 )

Epoxy 30 mm
JVC
30 mm

mass

30

52

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3.25:
Epoxy

1
2

AB
3.26:

53

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3-3
(1).
AB AB

3.27

3.27:

(2).
AB

3.28

54

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3.28:

(3).

3.29

55

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3.29:

(4).

3.30

56

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3.30:

(5).

57

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3.31

3.31:

(6).
( 3.32 )

58

91 e-Thesys (96 )

3.32:

3-4

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7. 30 mm

59

91 e-Thesys (96 )

4-1
1. :(Full anechoic
chamber) 4.1
(Infinitely spherical free space)()

60

91 e-Thesys (96 )

100%
(Lowest cutoff frequency)

(Sound power)(Sound intensity)


(Far field)

2.

: 20 dB(A)

: 125 Hz 2.0 dB

160 Hz 630 Hz 1.5 dB 800 Hz 5 kHz 1.0 dB


6.3 kHz 1.5 dB

: 4-1

4-1
(Hz)

125

250

500

1k

2k

4k

8k

(dB)

60

65

75

80

80

80

80

61

91 e-Thesys (96 )

4.1:

3.:
(1) LMS (Loudspeaker measurement system) LMS
LinearX 500
4.2 LMS
(Impedance)
(Stepped sine wave)

: (SPL)

62

91 e-Thesys (96 )

i
500

+
+

eg

espk

GND

4.2:

(2) SoundCheck : SoundCheck Listen,


INC. B & K (Brel &
Kjr)

4.3 SoundCheck

SoundCheck

63

91 e-Thesys (96 )

Speaker

B&K 4191
Microphone
Microphone
Power Supply

Device Under Test

* VI = virtual instrument
Sine Generator VI*

Display VI*

HarmonicTrak

D/A

A/D
SoundWare Modules

4.3: SoundCheck

SoundCheck :

B&K 4231(1
kHz, 94dB)(B&K 4191)
4.4

64

91 e-Thesys (96 )

4.4: ([3])

Anechoic chamber

Microphone

Speaker
10cm

Baffle

4.5: ([3])

65

91 e-Thesys (96 )

4-2

0.1 W 10 4.5
5 W 5 W
10

:
1.:
2.(f0):
3.:
4.:
5.:

66

91 e-Thesys (96 )

W=V2/R 5W
8 :
V = 85 = 6.325 (RMS)

()()
()

(1):

67

91 e-Thesys (96 )

(2):
(3):
(4):

(5):

(6)Z :

(7):

(8):

(9):

68

91 e-Thesys (96 )

:
1 2 C1
3467 8 C2
5 C3

:
1 V1 7.3
234 5 V2 7.3
6 V3 6.8
7 8 V4 5.5

:
1 2 D1
3456 7 D2
8 D3

69

91 e-Thesys (96 )

:
123567 8 G1
4 G2
4-2 1 8
C1 C3
V1 V4
D1 D3 G1 G2

4-2:

C1

V1

D1

G1

C1

V2

D1

G1

C2

V2

D2

G1

C2

V2

D2

G2

C3

V2

D2

G1

C2

V3

D2

G1

C2

V4

D2

G1

C2

V4

D3

G1

70

91 e-Thesys (96 )

4-3

1.: 8 20% 6.4

2.:
7 0.09 mm
3143.4 mm 7

3.( 4.6): 13.25


mm 41.6 mm 3143.4mm
75.5 6.8 mm 3.4
mm 4.7

71

91 e-Thesys (96 )

4.6:

4.7:

3. : 1961 Thiele
1973 Small
TS (T-S parameters) Thiele
(Three-point method)
()

72

91 e-Thesys (96 )

(Half-power) TS 4.8

fs
f1

RM

Rmax
2

f2

Rmax

Rvc

4.8 f s f1 f 2 [4]

() RVC =(Rg+Re)Le Cm M m
Rm Ra rad ma rad
f s Qm Qe QT Vm

[2]

fs =

1
2

1
mm Cm

(4-3-1)

73

91 e-Thesys (96 )

Qm =

Qe =

QT =

2 f s mm
1
=
Rm
2 f s Cm Rm

(4-3-2)

2 f s RVC mm

( Bl )

(4-3-3)

Qm Qe
Qm + Qe

(4-3-4)

Vm = 0 c 2Cm S D2

(4-3-5)

f s S D Qm
:
(Root-Mean-Square, RMS)Qe :
DCQ T :

4-4
4.3
3 V2 7.3 6 V3
6.8 7 V4 5.5

74

91 e-Thesys (96 )

4-3:

C2

V2

D2

G1

C2

V3

D2

G1

C2

V4

D2

G1

4.9

1.: #3 #6 #7
2.: #3 #6 #7 300 Hz
3.: #3 400Hz~600 Hz
12%#6 #7 4%#3

4.: #6 #7 #3

75

91 e-Thesys (96 )

#37.3
#6 6.8
#75.5

100

14

90

#3
#6

80

12

#7
5W#3

#3

5W#6

V2 7.3

60

10

5W#7
8

50

#6

40

V3 6.8

#7

THD in %

dB re 20uPa

70

30
20

V4 5.5

10
0

100

1000

10000
Frequency

100000

FR:

0.1W with baffle at 10cm, free field.

THD:

5W

with baffle at 10 cm, free field.

4.9:

4-5

4-4 1
2 V1
V2

76

91 e-Thesys (96 )

4-4:

C1

V1

D1

G1

C1

V2

D1

G1

4.10 :
1.: #2 #1

2.: #2 350 Hz#1


400 Hz#2 #1

3.: 4.10 #1 500 Hz~800


Hz 5~9%#2
800 Hz 5%#2
#1
4.: #1 #2 #2 #1

77

91 e-Thesys (96 )

#1
Compare with V.coil supplier

V1
#2 V2

100

#1

14

90

#2
12

80

5W#1
70
60

F0

50

10

THD in %

dB re 20uPa

5W#2

40
30

F0

20

10
0

100

1000

10000

100000

Frequency

4.10:

#2 #1

#1 #2
?

V1 V2

V2

78

91 e-Thesys (96 )

V1

4-6

4-5
4-5:

C2

V2

D2

G1

C2

V2

D2

G2

79

91 e-Thesys (96 )

Compare with cement

100
14

#3

90

#4

80

12

5W#3

70
60
50

5W#4
8

THD in %

dB re 20uPa

10

#4 G1

40

#3 G2

30
20

10
0

100

1000

10000

100000

Frequency

4.11:

( 4.11):
1.: #3 #4 #3
2.: #3 #4 300 Hz

3.: #3 500 Hz~700 Hz


10%#4 6%
#4 #3

80

91 e-Thesys (96 )

4.: #4 #3 #3

4-7

4-6
C2() 3
C3() 5 4.12

4-6:

C2

V2

D2

G1

C3

V2

D2

G1

81

91 e-Thesys (96 )

100
14

90

#6
80

12

#5

60

#5 C3

5W#6

5W#5

10

50

40

THD in %

dB re 20uPa

70

#3 C2
++

30

20
2

10

100

1000

10000

100000

Frequency

4.12:

4.12 :
1.: #6 #5
2.: #6 300 Hz~320 Hz #5
380 Hz~400 Hz #3
#5
3.: #6 500 Hz~600 Hz
5%#5 10%#6

82

91 e-Thesys (96 )

#5
4.: C3 #6
C5 C6 C5

4-8
( 4-7)
7 D2 8
D3

4-7

C2

V4

D2

G1

C2

V4

D3

G1

83

91 e-Thesys (96 )

100

#7

D2

#8

D3

softest

middle
14

90
80

12

#7

#8

60

10

D3

50

#8

40

#7
D2

30

THD in %

dB re 20uPa

70

5W#74

20
2

10

5W#8

0
100

1000

10000

100000

Fre quency
FR:

0.1W with baffle at 10cm, free field.

THD:

5W

with baffle at 10 cm, free

4.13:

4.13 :
1.: #7 #8
2.: #7 300 Hz #8
310 Hz #7
3.: #8 500 Hz~700 Hz

84

91 e-Thesys (96 )

10%#7 4%#8

4.: #7 #8

4-9

#6 #7

4-9
4-8

85

91 e-Thesys (96 )

4-8:

(Under Yoke)

(Magnet)

(Polar Piece)

(Diaphragm)

;14.2mm ;t2mm

; 12.5mm ;t=3mm N42


;13mm ;t2mm

(Voice Coil)

6
7
8
9

(Frame)
(Damper)
(Dust Cap)
(Glue)

13.25mm; 8.5mm
0.09mm; 3.5mm; 6.8
t0.5mm
t0.2mm

(Merry DSH948)
4-9

86

91 e-Thesys (96 )

4-9:

Altec Lansing

JBL

28 mm

33 mm

27 mm

27.7 mm

15 mm

20 mm

14 mm

15 mm

3 Watt

3 Watt

3 Watt

3 Watt

5 Watt

5 Watt

5 Watt

5 Watt

265 Hz

190 Hz

275 Hz

250 Hz

(SPL)

87 dB at

85 dB at

85 dB at

84 dB at

0.1 W/10 cm

0.1 W/10 cm

0.1 W/10 cm

0.1 W/10 cm

5%

5%

5%

5%

190~20 kHz

275~20 kHz

250~15 kHz

Brand
SPEC.

Merry

Veco

DSH948

265~20 kHz

87

91 e-Thesys (96 )


5-1

1.
Mathematica

2.

3.

88

91 e-Thesys (96 )

4.

5.
30mm JVC
6.

5-2

:
1.

2.
3 5 5
8

3.
3cm

89

91 e-Thesys (96 )

2.5cm 2cm

4.

90

91 e-Thesys (96 )

[1]

B & K Sound and Vibration measurement A/S

[2]

Jin. H. Huang, Structural Acoustics , 2006

[3]

DSH948-001JIS

[4]

, ,
, 948

91

91 e-Thesys (96 )