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UPAV

UNIBERCIDAD POPULAR
AUTONOMA DE VERACRUZ
NIVEL BACHILLERATO
NOMBRE DEL ALUMNO:
MORENO HERNANDEZ EDGAR
BLADIMIR
GRUPO:
CUARTO TRIMESTRE
NOMBRE DEL PROFESOR:
LIC.LILIANA CAEDA FIGUEROA.
MATERIA:
INGLES
NOMBRE DEL TRABAJO:
PRESENTE PERFECTO

INDICE

TEMA:
pag.
QUE ES EL PRESENTE
PERFECTO?...............................................3

COMO FUNCIONA O COMO SE FORMA EL PRESENTE


PERFECTO?...............4

FORMA NEGATIVA DEL PRESENTE


PERFECTO6

FORMA AFIRMATIVA DEL PRESENTE


PERFECTO...8

FORMA INTERROGATIVA DEL PRESENTE


PERFECTO..10

RESPUESTAS CORTAS DEL PRESENTE


PERFECTO11

QUE ES EL PRESENTE PERFECTO?


Present perfect (ingls)
El present perfect es un tiempo verbal en el idioma ingls que narra hechos
que ya han ocurrido en un momento especfico o en el pasado pero que siguen
teniendo una relevancia en el presente. En este sentido, contrasta con el past
simple, que se usa para referir a acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado pero
que no tienen, necesariamente, vigencia alguna con el presente, como en los
siguientes ejemplos:
present perfect: I have been married for two years (Llevo dos aos casado.)
past simple: I was married for two years (Estuve dos aos casado.)
Aunque corresponde en su estructura con el pretrito perfecto en espaol, es
decir, el verbo se construye con el verbo auxiliar have (has si es en tercera
persona singular - he,she, it), ms el participio del verbo: o sea, sujeto
+ have/has + verbo en participio pasado, no siempre corresponde con el
espaol en su uso, p. ej., I have been married for two years. (Llevo casado dos
aos.). 1
En el sentido del ejemplo anterior, es especialmente importante su uso para
conectar el pasado con el presente, e incluso, con el futuro. De ah, su uso
frecuente con adverbios de tiempo como for, since.

COMO FUNCIONA O COMO SE FORMA EL


PRESENTE PERFECTO?
El presente perfecto se usa en el idioma ingls para narrar hechos que ya han
ocurrido en un momento no especfico del pasado, y que pueden o no estar
continuando en el presente. El verbo en presente perfecto, o present perfect en
ingls, se construye con el verbo auxiliar have o has, si es en tercera persona,
he, she, it, ms el participio del verbo, past participle, tambin conocido como
3 colomn (tercera columna)
Brevemente: sujeto + have/has + verbo (pasado participio)
Ejemplos:
Afirmativo
He comido una manzana. I have eaten an apple.
Me ha comprado un coche. He has bought me a car.
Negativo
sujeto + haven't/ hasnt + verbo (pasado participio)
No me ha llevado al zoolgico. He hasnt given me a lift to the zoo.
Ellos no han estudiado para el examen. They havent studied for the test.
Pregunta
Have/has + sujeto + verbo (pasado participio)?
Cuantas veces has visto esa pelcula? How many times have you seen that
film?
Cul ha sido la mejor pelcula que has visto? Which has been the best film
you have ever seen?
[editar] Present perfect con for y since"For" y "since" sirven para delimitar el
tiempo de la accin del verbo. "For" tiene el significado de durante y "since",
desde.
Ejemplos:
'Afirmativo:
4

He vivido aqu durante 4 aos. I have lived here for four years
He vivido aqu desde 2004. I have lived here since 2004
Negativo
No he estudiado durante ocho aos. I havent studied for eight years
No he estudiado desde 2002. I havent studied since 2002
[editar] Present perfect con already, yet y just"For" y "since" establecen cuando
se ha concluido la accin mientras que already, just y yet.
Already: ya
Just: acabar de
Yet: todava no, aun
Ya he hecho mis deberes. I have already done my homework
Acabo de hacer mis deberes. I have just done my homework
Todava no he hecho mis deberes. I haven't done my homework yet
Present perfect con everEver significa siempre y se usa para expresar lo ms
interesante, lo ms divertido que siempre he ledo, visto, odo...
Se usa frecuentemente en preguntas. Tambin sirve para preguntar sobre
alguna "experiencia".
Ejemplos:
Cul ha sido el libro ms interesante que has ledo? What has been the
most interesting book you have ever read?
Alguna vez en tu vida has estado en Espaa? Have you ever been in Spain?
Alguna vez en tu vida has tomado Tequila? Have you ever drunk Tequila?
Ha estado ella alguna vez en Cancn? Has she ever been in Cancun?
Alguna vez en su vida ha alimentado a un len? Has he/she ever fed a lion?

FORMA NEGATIVA DEL PRESENTE PERFECTO


El presente perfecto (present perfect tense) forma la negacin escribiendo la
partculanot entre have o has y el verbo principal en participio. Las
contracciones havent yhasnt son frecuentemente utilizadas.
Ejemplos con verbos regulares sin contraccin:
1. I have not worked for my uncle. (Yo no he trabajado para mi to)
2. She has not finished her homework. (Ella no ha terminado su tarea)
3. We have not visited them for the last year. (Nosotros no los hemos visitado
durante el ltimo ao)
4. It has not rained for the last month. (No ha llovido durante el ltimo mes)
5. They have not completed the project. (Ellos no han completado el proyecto)
6. I have not cooked something special for you. (Yo no he cocinado algo especial
para ti)
7. He has not finished reading my book. (l no ha terminado de leer mi libro)
8. You have not invested in something revolutionary. (T no has invertido en algo
revolucionario)
9. We have not looked everywhere for the keys. (Nosotros no hemos buscado en
todas partes las llaves)
10. I have not watched two seasons of this T.V. show. (Yo no he visto dos
temporadas de este programa de televisin)
Ejemplos con verbos irregulares sin contracciones:
1. He has not read the book that you gave me yesterday. (El no ha ledo el libro
que me diste ayer)
2. She has not spoken with him. (Ella no ha hablado con l)
3. They have not lost my book. (Ellos no han perdido mi libro)
4. He has not forgotten what I said. (l no ha olvidado lo que dije)
5. I have not been here before. (Yo no he estado aqu antes)
6. We have not forgiven what she did. (Nosotros no hemos perdonado lo que ella
hizo)
7. My cousin not has gone to Europe to study. (Mi primo no ha ido a Europa a
estudiar)
8. She has not told me what you said. (Ella no me ha dicho lo que dijiste)
9. She has not seen every show in the city. (Ella no ha visto cada espectculo en la
ciudad)
10. He has not given up the tournament. (l no ha abandonado el torneo)

11. I have not forgotten all my problems. (Yo no he olvidado todos mis problemas)

Ejemplos con verbos regulares con contraccin:


1. I havent worked for my uncle. (Yo no he trabajado para mi to)
2. She hasnt finished her homework. (Ella no ha terminado su tarea)
3. We havent visited them for the last year. (Nosotros no los hemos visitado
durante el ltimo ao)
4. It hasnt rained for the last month. (No ha llovido durante el ltimo mes)
5. They havent completed the project. (Ellos no han completado el proyecto)
6. I havent cooked something special for you. (Yo no he cocinado algo especial
para ti)
7. He hasnt finished reading my book. (l no ha terminado de leer mi libro)
8. You havent invested in something revolutionary. (T no has invertido en algo
revolucionario)
9. We havent looked everywhere for the keys. (Nosotros no hemos buscado en
todas partes las llaves)
10. I havent watched two seasons of this T.V. show. (Yo no he visto dos temporadas
de este programa de televisin)
Ejemplos con verbos irregulares con contracciones:
1. He hasnt read the book that you gave me yesterday. (El no ha ledo el libro que
me diste ayer)
2. She hasnt spoken with him. (Ella no ha hablado con l)
3. They havent lost my book. (Ellos no han perdido mi libro)
4. He hasnt forgotten what I said. (l no ha olvidado lo que dije)
5. I havent been here before. (Yo no he estado aqu antes)
6. We havent forgiven what she did. (Nosotros no hemos perdonado lo que ella
hizo)
7. My cousin hasnt gone to Europe to study. (Mi primo no ha ido a Europa a
estudiar)
8. She hasnt told me what you said. (Ella no me ha dicho lo que dijiste)
9. She hasnt seen every show in the city. (Ella no ha visto cada espectculo en la
ciudad)
10. He hasnt given up the tournament. (l no ha abandonado el torneo)

11. I havent forgotten all my problems. (Yo no he olvidado todos mis problemas)

FORMA AFIRMATIVA DEL PRESENTE PERFECTO


El presente perfecto (present perfect tense) nos sirve para expresar una
accin que sucedi en un momento del pasado, o que se repiti muchas
veces en el pasado, o una accin que se inici en el pasado y continua hasta
el presente. Para formar el presente perfecto se escribe have o has segn el
sujeto y el verbo principal en participio. El participio de los verbos regulares
se forma con la terminacin -ed:

I have worked (Yo he trabajado)

You have worked (T has trabajado)

He has worked (l ha trabajado)

She has worked (Ella ha trabajado)

It has worked (Eso ha trabajado)

We have worked (Nosotros hemos trabajado)

You have worked (Usted ha trabajado)

They have worked (Ellos han trabajado)

Siempre hay que recordar que existen verbos irregulares:

I have gone (Yo he ido)

You have gone (T has ido)

He has gone (l ha ido)

She has gone (Ella ha ido)

It has gone (Eso ha ido)

We have gone (Nosotros hemos ido)

You have gone (Usted ha ido)

They have gone (Ellos han ido)

Ejemplos con verbos regulares:

1. I have worked for my uncle. (Yo he trabajado para mi to)


2. She has finished her homework. (Ella ha terminado su tarea)
3. I have to go, we have talked for more than two hours. (Yo me tengo
que ir, nosotros hemos hablado por ms de dos horas)
4. We have visited them once a week for the last year. (Nosotros los
hemos visitado una vez por semana durante el ltimo ao)
5. He has returned my car at last. (El ha regresado mi automvil al fin)
6. It has rained once a week for the last month. (Ha llovido una vez a la
semana durante el ltimo mes)
7. They have completed the project. (Ellos han completado el proyecto)
8. I have cooked something special for you. (Yo he cocinado algo especial
para ti)
9. I have worked in that firm for many years. (Yo he trabajado en esa
empresa por muchos aos)
10.We have loved each other for twenty years. (Nosotros nos hemos
amado uno al otro por veinte aos)
11.He has finished reading my book. (l ha terminado de leer mi libro)
12.You have invested in something revolutionary. (T has invertido en
algo revolucionario)
13.I have played this game several times. (Yo he jugado este juego varias
veces)
14.We have looked everywhere for the keys. (Nosotros hemos buscado en
todas partes las llaves)
15.I have watched two seasons of this T.V. show. (Yo he visto dos
temporadas de este programa de televisin)
Ejemplos con verbos irregulares:
1. He has read the book that you gave me yesterday. (El ha ledo el libro
que me diste ayer)
2. She has spoken with him several times. (Ella ha hablado con l
varias veces)
3. We have lent money to you many times. (Nosotros te hemos prestado
dinero muchas veces)
4. They have lost my book. (Ellos han perdido mi libro)
5. He has forgotten what I said. (l ha olvidado lo que dije)
6. I have been here before. (Yo he estado aqu antes)

7. We have forgiven what she did. (Nosotros hemos perdonado lo que


ella hizo)
8. We have been in this city for five years. (Nosotros hemos estado en
esta ciudad por cinco aos)
9. You have slept for more than fourteen hours. (T has dormido por ms
de catorce horas)
10.My cousin has gone to Europe to study. (Mi primo se ha ido a Europa a
estudiar)
11.She has told me what you said. (Ella me ha dicho lo que dijiste)
12.She has seen every show in the city. (Ella ha visto cada espectculo en
la ciudad)
13.I have seen that movie several times. (Yo he visto esa pelcula varias
veces)
14.He has given up the tournament. (l ha abandonado el torneo)
15.I have forgotten all my problems. (Yo he olvidado todos mis problemas)

FORMA INTERROGATIVA DEL PRESENTE


PERFECTO
Las preguntas en pasado perfecto (past perfect tense) se forman escribiendo had antes del sujeto y despus el verbo principal en
participio. El participio de los verbos regulares se forma con la terminacin -ed.

Had I worked? (Yo haba trabajado?)

Had you worked? (T habas trabajado?)

Had he worked? (l haba trabajado?)

Had she worked? (Ella haba trabajado?)

Had it worked? (Eso haba trabajado?)

Had we worked? (Nosotros habamos trabajado?)

Had you worked? (Usted haba trabajado?)

Had they worked? (Ellos haban trabajado?)

Siempre hay que recordar que existen verbos irregulares:

Had I went? (Yo haba ido?)

10

Had you went? (T habas ido?)

Had he went? (l haba ido?)

Had she went? (Ella haba ido?)

Had it went? (Eso haba ido?)

Had we went? (Nosotros habamos ido?)

Had you went? (Usted haba ido?)

Had they went? (Ellos haban ido?)

Ejemplos con verbos regulares:


1.

Had you worked for my uncle? (T habas trabajado para mi to?)

2.

Had she finished her homework? (Ella haba terminado su tarea?)

3.

Had we talked for more than two hours? (Nosotros habamos hablado por ms de dos horas?)

4.

Had we visited them once a week for the last year? (Nosotros los habamos visitado una vez por semana durante el ltimo
ao?)

5.

Had he returned my car at last? (El haba regresado mi automvil al fin?)

6.

Had it rained for the last month? (Haba llovido durante el ltimo mes?)

7.

Had they completed the project? (Ellos haban completado el proyecto?)

8.

Had you cooked something special for me?. (T habas cocinado algo especial para m?)

9.

Had you worked in that firm for many years? (T habas trabajado en esa empresa por muchos aos?)

10.

Had we loved each other for twenty years? (Nosotros nos habamos amado uno al otro por veinte aos?)

11.

Had he finished reading my book? (l haba terminado de leer mi libro?)

12.

Had you invested in something revolutionary? (T habas invertido en algo revolucionario?)

13.

Had you played this game several times? (T habas jugado este juego varias veces?)

14.

Had we looked everywhere for the keys? (Nosotros habamos buscado en todas partes las llaves?)

15.

Had you watched two seasons of this T.V. show? (T habas visto dos temporadas de este programa de televisin?)

Ejemplos con verbos irregulares:


1.

Had he read the book that you gave me yesterday? (El haba ledo el libro que me diste ayer?)

2.

Had she spoken with him several times? (Ella haba hablado con l varias veces?)

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3.

Had we had lent money to you many times? (Nosotros te habamos prestado dinero muchas veces?)

4.

Had they lost my book? (Ellos haban perdido mi libro?)

5.

Had he forgotten what I said? (l haba olvidado lo que dije?)

6.

Had you been here before? (T habas estado aqu antes?)

7.

Had we forgiven what she did? (Nosotros habamos perdonado lo que ella hizo?)

8.

Had we been in this city for five years? (Nosotros habamos estado en esta ciudad por cinco aos?)

9.

Had you slept for more than fourteen hours? (T habas dormido por ms de catorce horas?)

10.

Had my cousin gone to Europe to study? (Mi primo se haba ido a Europa a estudiar?)

11.

Had she told me what you said? (Ella me haba dicho lo que dijiste?)

12.

Had she seen every show in the city? (Ella haba visto cada espectculo en la ciudad?)

13.

Had you seen that movie several times? (Yo haba visto esa pelcula varias veces?)

14.

Had he given up the tournament? (l haba abandonado el torneo?)

15.

Had you forgotten all my problems? (Yo haba olvidado todos mis problemas?)

RESPUESTAS CORTAS DEL PRESENTE PERFECTO


Las respuestas cortas afirmativas en presente perfecto se forman con Yes (Si) seguido de una coma, el sujeto y have (I, You, We,
They) o has (He, She, It).
Have you worked for your uncle? Yes, I have. (Has trabajado para tu to? S.)

Las respuestas largas afirmativas se forman con Yes (Si) seguido de una coma, el sujeto, have (I, You, We, They) o has (he, She, It),
el verbo principal en pasado participio y el complemento de la oracin.
Have you worked for your uncle? Yes, I have worked for my uncle. (Has trabajado para tu to? S, yo he trabajado para mi

to.)

Las respuestas cortas negativas se forman con No (No) seguido de una coma, el sujeto, have not (I, You, We, They) o has (He, She,
It). Se pueden utilizar las contracciones havent o hasnt.

Have you worked for your uncle? No, I have not. (Has trabajado para tu to? No.)

Las respuestas largas negativas se forman con No (No) seguido de una coma, el sujeto, have not (I, You, We, They) o has (He, She,
It), el verbo principal en pasado participio y el complemento de la oracin. Se pueden utilizar las contracciones havent o hasnt.

Have you worked for your uncle? No, I have not worked for my uncle. (Has trabajado para tu to? No, yo no he trabajado
para mi to)

Ejemplos respuestas cortas:


1.

Has he read the book that you gave me yesterday? Yes, he has. (El ha ledo el libro que me diste ayer? S)

2.

Has she spoken with him several times? Yes, she has. (Ella ha hablado con l varias veces? S)

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3.

Have they lent money to you many times? Yes, they have. (Ellos te han prestado dinero muchas veces? S)

4.

Have they lost my book? Yes, they have. (Ellos han perdido mi libro? S)

5.

Has he forgotten what I said? Yes, he has. (l ha olvidado lo que dije? S)

6.

Have you been here before? No, I have not. (Has estado aqu antes? No)

7.

Have you slept for more than fourteen hours? No, I havent (T has dormido por ms de catorce horas? No)

8.

Has my cousin gone to Europe to study? No, he hasnt. (Mi primo se ha ido a Europa a estudiar? No)

9.

Has she seen every show in the city? No, she hasnt. (Ella ha visto cada espectculo en la ciudad? No)

10.

Have you seen that movie several times? No, I havent. (Has visto esa pelcula varias veces? No)

Ejemplos respuestas largas:


1.

Have you worked for your uncle? Yes, I have worked for your uncle. (Has trabajado para tu to? S, yo he trabajado para mi
to)

2.

Has she finished her homework? Yes, she has finished her homework. (Ella ha terminado su tarea? S, ella ha terminado su
tarea)

3.

I have to go, have we talked for more than two hours? Yes, we have talked for more than two hours. (Yo me tengo que ir,
nosotros hemos hablado por ms de dos horas? S, nosotros hemos hablado por ms de dos horas)

4.

Have we visited them in the last year? Yes, we have visited them in the last year. (Nosotros los hemos visitado en el ltimo
ao? S, nosotros los hemos visitado en el ltimo ao)

5.

Has he returned my car at last? Yes, he has returned your car at last. (El ha regresado mi automvil al fin? S, l ha regresado
tu automvil al fin)

6.

Has it rained in the last month? No, it hasnt rained in the last month. (Ha llovido en el ltimo mes? No, no ha llovido en el
ltimo mes)

7.

Have they completed the project? No, they havent completed the project. (Ellos han completado el proyecto? No, ellos no
han completado el proyecto)

8.

Have you cooked something special for me? No, I havent cooked something special for you. (T has cocinado algo especial
para m? No, yo no he cocinado algo especial para ti)

9.

Have you worked in that firm for many years? No, I havent worked in that firm for many years. (Has trabajado en esa
empresa por muchos aos? No, yo no he trabajado en esa empresa por muchos aos)

10.

Has he finished reading my book? No, he hasnt finished reading your book. (l ha terminado de leer mi libro? No, l no ha
terminado de leer tu libro)

13