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API STD+b17 95

0732290 0543519 519

APPENDIX G-FORCES

G.l

AND MOMENTS
In U.S.Customary units:

General

The April 1988, November 1979, and October 1973


issues of this standard referred nozzle forces and moments
calculations to appropriate NEMA documents with the stipulation that the constants in the equations be multiplied by
1.85. Experience has shown that there has not been a uniform interpretation of 1.85 times NEMA. Therefore, the
equations have been adapted to compressors by identifying
all the constants and clarifying that the equivalent of the exhaust nozzle in the NEMA calculation is the largest compressor nozzle. This is usually, but not necessarily, the inlet
nozzle.

G.2

De = 16+

(inches)

Where:
De = Equivalent pipe diameter of the connection, in
millimeters (inches).
D,,, = Nominal pipe diameter, in millimeters (inches).
b. The combined resultants of the forces and moments of
the inlet, sidestream, and discharge connections resolved at
the centerlines of the largest connection should not exceed
the following:

Equations

1. The resultants shall not exceed:

The design of each compressor body must allow for


limited piping loads on the various casing nozzles. For
maximum system reliability, nozzle loads imposed by piping
should be as low as possible regardless of the compressors
load-carrying capability. As a standard, the forces and
moments acting on compressors due to the inlet, sidestream, and discharge connections should be limited by the
following:

F,+ 1.64Mc540.40,

In U.S. Customary units,


2F, + M, I 4620,
Where:
F, = Combined resultant of inlet, sidestream, and discharge forces, in Newtons (pounds).
M,= Combined resultant of inlet, sidestream, and discharge moments, and moments resulting from
forces, in Newton-meters (pound-feet).
0, = Diameter [in millimeters (inches)] of one circular
opening equal to the total areas of the inlet, sidestream, and discharge openings. If the equivalent
nozzle diameter is greater than 230 millimeters
(9 inches), use a value of 0, equal to:

a. The total resultant force and total resultant moment


imposed on the compressor at any connection should not
exceed the values shown in Equation G-1.

F, + 1.O9 M, I 54.10,

(G-1)

In U.S. Customary units:

3Fr+ M,I 927 0,


Where:

F, = Resultant force, in Newtons (pounds). (See Figure G-1.)

(460 + Equivalent diameter)


(millimeters)
3
In Customary units,

M, = Resultant moment, in Newton-meters (foot-pounds)

from Figure G- 1.

M,= J M :

2. The individual components (Figure G-1) of these


resultants should not exceed:

+ ~ y + M ;

For sizes up to 200 millimeters (8 inches) in diameter

F, = 16.10,
F, = 40.50,
F, = 32.40,

0, = Nominal pipe diameter of the connection, in millimeters (inches).

For sizes greater than 200 millimeters (8 inches), use a


value of

M,= 24.60,
My= 12.30,
M,= 12.30,

In U.S.Customary units,

F, = 920,
Fy= 2310,
F, = 1850,

(400 + 4, )
(millimeters)
0, =
3
95
COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute
Licensed by Information Handling Services

(18 + Equivalent diameter)


(inches)
3

M,= 4620,
M y= 2310,
M , = 23 lD,

A P I STD*bL7

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= O732290 0543520 230

API STANDARD
617

96

VERTICAL

FY

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

Fx

PARALLEL TO

COMPRESSOR SHAF

Figure G-I-Combined Resultants of the Forces and Moments of Corrections

Where:

F, = Horizontal component of F, parallel to the compressor shaft, in Newtons (pounds).

F, = Vertical component of F,, in Newtons (pounds).


F, = Horizontal component of F, at right angles to be
compressor shaft, in Newtons (pounds).

M,= Component of M, around the horizontal axis, in


Newton-meters (foot-pounds).
M,=Component of M, around the vertical axis, in
Newton-meters (foot-pounds).
M,= Component of M,around the horizontal axis at right
angles to the compressor shaft, in Newton-meters
(foot-pounds).

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


Licensed by Information Handling Services

c. These values of allowable forces and moments pertain to


the compressor structure only. They do not pertain to the
forces and moments in the connecting pipes, flanges, and
flange bolting, which should not exceed the allowable stress
as defined by applicable codes and regulatory bodies.
Loads may be increased by mutual agreement between the
purchaser and vendor. However, it is recommended that
expected operating loads be minimized.