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Recit 11: Chapter 12

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Recit Teacher:

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Instruction: Encircle the letter of the best answer for the multiple-choice items. Show
your neat and complete solution in the box provided. Use the back side of this paper as
your scratch paper.
1. Jack. A force of 250 N is applied to a hydraulic jack piston that is 0.01 m in diameter. If the piston which supports the load has a diameter of 0.10 m, approximately
how much mass can be lifted by the. Ignore any difference in height between the
pistons.
A. 255 kg

B. 500 kg

Solution: Use Pascals law:

C. 800 kg

D. 2550 kg

F1
F2
=
A1
A2

2. Submarine. A submarine is operating at 100.0 m below the surface of the ocean


( = 1030 kg/m3 ). If the air inside the submarine is maintained at a pressure of 1.0
atmosphere, what is the magnitude of the net force that acts on the rectangular hatch
2.0 m 1.0 m on the deck of the submarine?
A. 1.01 106 Pa

C. 3.01 106 Pa

B. 2.01 106 Pa

D. 4.01 106 Pa

Solution: Get the absolute pressure outside the hatch:


Poutside = Patm + gh
Inside the hatch: Pinside = Patm , therfore the net force is
X

F = Pinside A Poutside A = ghA

Magnitude lang naman, so ignore the sign.

3. Stringed. A 2.0-kg block displaces 10.0 [kg] of water when it is held fully immersed (otherwise it will
float). The object is then tied down as shown in the
figure; and it displaces 5.0 [kg] of water. What is the
tension in the string?
A. 19.6 N

C. 68.7 N

B. 29.4 N

D. 98.1 N

Solution: Mag drawing ng FBD. Pababa ang tension, pababa ang weight at
pataas ang buoyant force. Kapag equilibrium, dapat:
B T w = 0 T = B w.
Balik sa definition ng buoyant force: Buoyant force is equalt to the WEIGHT OF
THE FLUID DISPLACED. Therefore, B = mwater disp g = (5)(9.81) = 49.0
and w = mobject g = (2)(9.8) = 19.6. This will give you T = B w = 29.4

4. Horizontal. A horizontal piping system that


delivers a constant flow of water is constructed from pipes with different diameters
as shown in the figure. At which of the labeled points is the water in the pipe under
the greatest pressure?

Solution: Answer is A!
Largest cross-section slowest flow speed greatest pressure

5. Oil over Water. A solid cylinder (radius = 0.150 m, height =0.120


m) has a mass of 7.00 kg. This cylinder floats in water. Then
oil (density = 725 kg/m3 ) is poured on top of the water until the
situation shown in the drawing results. How much of the height of
the cylinder is in the oil? (6 pts.)

Solution:

6. Syringe. A hypodermic syringe contains a medicine with the density of water. The barrel
of the syringe has a cross-sectional area A = 2.50 105 m2 , and the needle has a crosssectional area a = 1.00 108 m2 . In the absence of a force on the plunger, the pressure
everywhere is 1.00 atm. A force F of magnitude 2.00 N acts on the plunger, making
medicine squirt horizontally from the needle. Determine the speed of the medicine as it
leaves the needles tip. (5 pts.)

Solution: