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Ratio, Metric relations. Level: High School, SAT Prep, College, Mathematics

Education

The figure below shows a right triangle ABC with the altitude BH and cevians BD and BE, so that AD

= DE = EC. DF is perpendicular to BE and ratio BH / AC = 2 /5. Find ratio DF / BF.

3 comments:

Peter TranJuly 18, 2012 4:48 PM

http://img7.imageshack.us/img7/479/problem786.png

Let AC=3, AH=x => BH=6/5

We have BH^2=AH.HC ( relation in right triangle)

Or 36/25=x(3-x)

We get 2 solutions : x=3/5 or x=12/5

For x=3/5 , HD=2/5 and HE=7/5

So tan(beta)=1/3 and tan(alpha)=7/6

DF/BF=tan(alpha-beta)= 3/5

Due to symmetric , we will get the same result for x=12/5

Jacob HaJuly 18, 2012 6:30 PM

Since ab=ch, h/c=2/5,

ab:c^2 = ab:(a^2+b^2) = 2:5

Solving it, we have

1

WLOG, let a:b = 1:2.

Let vecBC = 2i, vecBA=j.

Using vector, we have

vecBD=2/3 (i+j)

vecBE=1/3 (4i+j)

Therefore, angle DBC = 45 degrees

also, tan(angle EBC)=1/4

Hence,

DF/BF

= tan(angle DBE)

= tan(45 - angle EBC)

= [1 - 1/4] / [1 + 1/4]

= 3/5

How to Graph a CircleJuly 19, 2012 2:34 AM

properties of altitude.

Problem 787: Right Triangle, Inradius, 18 Equal Circles, Line Tangent, Legs,

Hypotenuse, Ratio, Metric Relations. Level: High School, SAT Prep, College,

Mathematics Education

The figure below shows a right triangle ABC with inradius x and 18 equal tangent circles of radius r,

so that leg AB is tangent to 6 circles, BC is tangent to 13 circles and AC is tangent to 2 circles. Prove

that x = 5.r

5 comments:

Peter TranJuly 19, 2012 6:07 PM

http://img836.imageshack.us/img836/5494/problem787.png

We have AB=10r

BC=24r

And AC=26r . ( Pythagoras theorem)

Half of perimeter of ABC= p= (10r+4r+26r)/2=30r

And radius of internal circle= p-AC= 4r

So x= x+r=5r

Jacob HaJuly 19, 2012 8:35 PM

From two pairs of similar triangles, we have

(1): x/(a-x) = r/(a-11r)

(2): x/(b-x) = r/(b-25r)

(1) simplifies to: a(x-r) = 10rx ... (3)

(2) simplifies to b(x-r) = 24rx ... (4)

(3)/(4): a/b = 5/12

WLOG, let a=5, b=12. Then x=2.

Substitude into (3) or (4),

from (3): 5(2-r) = 20r

from (4): 12(2-r) = 48r

Both of them are equivalent to

3

2-r = 4r

r = 2/5

Hence, x=5r.

AjitJuly 20, 2012 2:10 AM

easy to show that:cot(A/2)=c/(b-a) while cot(A/2)=a/(b-c) which we can substitute in

(1)&(2) to obtain:[25(b-a)+c]/[11(b-c)+a)]=[a(b-a)/c(b-c)]. We've b^2=a^2+c^2 as

well which yields:a=12b/3 & c=5b/13

For a right triangle: x=(a+c-b)/2 or x=2b/13.

We can also plug in values of a and cot(C/2) in equation (1) to obtain r=a/30=2b/65 or

x=5r

AnonymousJuly 20, 2012 4:03 AM

congruent triangles similar to ABC,so:

c=10r+kc and a=24r+ka and r=kx

hence

a=24t;c=10t (t positive real number)

ABC is a right triangle b=26t

with the area x=4t

this gives k=1/5

x=5r

PravinJuly 20, 2012 6:51 AM

respectively.

Consider triangle ABC. It is right angled at B

AB = 10r, BC = 24r. Follows AC = 26r by Pythagoras.

AA, BB, CC concur at the (common) incentre I of the similar and similarly situated

right triangles ABC and ABC.

Let x be the inradius of the right triangle ABC.

Clearly 2x = AB + BC AC = 8r and

Hence x = x + r = 4r + r = 5r

Problem 788: Intersecting Circles, Secant Line, Midpoint, Cyclic Quadrilateral.

Level: High School, SAT Prep, College, Mathematics Education

In the figure below, the circles O and Q intersect at A and B. G is the midpoint of a secant line CAD,

H is the midpoint of a secant line EAF. Prove that AHBG is a cyclic quadrilateral.

2 comments:

Jacob HaJuly 20, 2012 5:01 PM

Angle AFB = angle ADB

Angle AEB = angle ACB

Thus, triangle BCD ~ triangle BEF.

Now rotate triangle BCD to triangle BEF,

with center B, such that

BC and BE coinside, BD and BF coinside,

with different lengths.

Then

CD becomes EF (with different lengths),

BG becomes BH (with different lengths).

Therefore, the rotation angle is

angle GBH, and also same as angle CAE.

Hence, AHBG is concyclic.

PravinJuly 21, 2012 8:58 AM

Power of H w.r.t. circle (O) = HA.HE = OA - OH

Power of H w.r.t. circle (Q)= HA.HF = HQ - QA

So OA - OH = HQ - QA (since HE = HF),

OA + QA = OH + HQ which is same as

2AM + MQ/2 = 2HM + MQ/2

Follows MA = MH

5

OQ being the perpendicular bisector of AB,we have MA = MB

Hence MA = MH = MG = MB and A, H, B, G are concyclic.

Problem 789: Right Triangle, Altitude, Angle Bisector, Incircle, Tangency Point,

Inradius, Circles, Tangent Line. Level: High School, SAT Prep, College,

Mathematics Education

The figure below shows a right triangle ABC with the altitude BH and the bisector BD of the angle

HBC. The incircle of radius r is tangent to AC at E. Prove that DE = r.

6 comments:

http://img138.imageshack.us/img138/1382/problem789.png

( complete solution)

drawing lines and circle per attached sketch

We have Arc BF= Arc FC and Arc AB=Arc AB

ABD=1/2(Arc AB +Arc BF)

ADB=1/2(Arc AB +Arc FC) = ABD

So ABD is an isosceles triangle with AB=AD

We also have HBD=DBK=BDK.. ( alternate angles)

So BKD is an isosceles triangle with KB=KD

A,I and K are collinear ....(located on perpen. Bisector of BD)

IK is an angle bisector of BKD

So IM=IL=ED=r

AjitJuly 23, 2012 6:34 PM

touch AB at F. AE =AF = c - r or CE = b-c+r which gives us:DE = CE-CD=b-c+r-a^2/

(b+c)= (b^2-c^2-a^2)/(b+c) + r = r since b^2=a^2+c^2. Thus, DE = r

W FungJuly 23, 2012 6:40 PM

Simply let AB = a, BC = b, AC = c

By using the properties of inradius, r = ab/(a+b+c)

Our target is DE = ab/(a+b+c)

The altittude = ab/c

CH = sqrt(b^2-(ab/c)^2) = (b^2)/c

Using angle bisector theorem, CD = CH*(BC/(BC+CH)) = (b^2)/(a+c)

By incircle properties, CE = (b+c-a)/2

7

By trigonometry, we can easily prove the remainings.

AnonymousJuly 23, 2012 7:30 PM

Anonymous

1. AB=AD We put M and N the points where they match with AB and BC

IM=EN=NB=BM=r

AM=AE AD-AE= AB-AM=r so in this case ED=r

Eder Contreras OrdenesJuly 24, 2012 12:44 PM

http://img507.imageshack.us/img507/9789/p781resuelto.png

(look at the picture)

Let be P the intersection point of the ray AI and segment BC. Note that as triangle

ABC is rectangle, we know that then the quadrilateral ADPB is cyclic. immediately

the incircle is tangent to DP too.

Now let Q be the tangency point of incircle with DP. Note that IQED is a square of

side r. Therefore DE=r

Greetings :)

Eder Contreras OrdenesJuly 24, 2012 5:04 PM

http://img27.imageshack.us/img27/8784/p789resuelto.png

blem 790: Right Triangle, Altitude, Angle Bisector, Incircle, Tangency Point, Inradius, Circles,

Tangent Line, Congruence. Level: High School, SAT Prep, College, Mathematics

Education

The figure below shows a right triangle ABC with the incenter I, the inradius r, the altitude BH and the

bisector BD of the angle HBC. I 1 is the incenter of the triangle AHB and I 2 is the incenter of triangle

BHC. Prove that

http://img269.imageshack.us/img269/4894/problem790.png

We have DE perpen. to AC

angle(HBD)= angle(DBE)= angle(BDE) => EB=ED

Triangle ABE congruence to tri. AED (Right triangle Case HL)

So AB=AD => A, I1, I and E are collinear

And IB=ID= r.sqrt(2)

Right triangles AHB, HBC and ABC are similar

And r1/r=AB/AC= cos(A)

9

r2/r=BC/AC= sin(A)

In right triangle I1HI2 we have (I1I2)^2=(I1H)^2+I2H)^2

=2(r1)^2 +2(r2)^2 = 2.r^2 (cosA^2+sinA^2)=2.r^2

So I1I2=r.sqrt(2)

Jacob HaJuly 24, 2012 5:31 PM

DI=r*sqrt(2) is followed from Problem 789 that "DE=r".

Let AB=a, BC=b, AC=c.

Then

BH=ab/c

AH=a^2/c

CH=b^2/c

r=ab/(a+b+c)

Denoted the radius of circle I1 and I2 by r1, r2 respectively.

Then

r1=[a^3 b/c^2] / [a + ab/c + a^2/c] = (a/c)*r

r2=[a b^3/c^2] / [b + ab/c + b^2/c] = (b/c)*r

I1H = r1*sqrt(2) = (a/c)*r*sqrt(2)

I2H = r2*sqrt(2) = (b/c)*r*sqrt(2)

Since angle I1HI2 = 90 degrees, using Pythagoras theorem,

I1I2 = r*sqrt(2)

W FungJuly 24, 2012 5:55 PM

DI = r*sqrt2 is also obvious by the previous problem 789.

For I1I2, Let AC = b, angle BCA = x, then BH = b*sinx*cosx, AH = b*(sinx)^2, CH

= b*(cosx)^2

then using the relationship between inradius and triangle area of ABC, AHB and

BHC, we have

r = b*sinx*cosx / (1+cosx+sinx)

r1 = (b)*(sinx)^2*cosx*sinx / (1+sinx+cosx) = r*(sinx+cosx)

r2 = (b)*(cosx)^2*cosx*sinx / (1+sinx+cosx) = r*(cosx-sinx)

Now the horizontal distance between two incenters would be

x = r1 + r2 = r*(sinx+cosx)

10

y = r2 - r1 = r*(cosx-sinx)

By pyth. theorem,

I1I2 = sqrt(x^2 + y^2)

= r*sqrt(2)

q.e.d.

blem 791: Regular Hexagon, Midpoints of Side and Diagonal, Equilateral Triangle, Area.

Level: High School, SAT Prep, College, Mathematics Education

The figure below shows a regular hexagon ABCDEF of area S. M and N are the midpoints of CD and

AE, respectively, Prove that BMN is an equilateral triangle and

http://img822.imageshack.us/img822/2764/problem791.png

11

Let AB=a

we have AE=BF=BD=a3

and MD=FN=a/2

BDC= AFB=30 and AFN=60

BFN congruence to BDM .. ( case SAS)

So BN=BM and NBM=FBD=60 => triangle BMN is equilateral

In right triangle BAN , BN^2=AB^2+AN^2= 7/4 a^2

S(BMN)/S(BFD)= BN^2/BF^2 = (7/4a^2)/(3a^2)= 7/12

But S(ABCDEF)=2S(BFD)

So S(BMN)/S(ABCDEF)=7/24

Jacob HaJuly 25, 2012 10:48 PM

Part 1

Embed the figure in the complex plane,

such that z(D)=1, z(A)=-1.

Let w be the primitive cube root of unity,

i.e. w = cos120 + i sin120

With this notation, we have

z(B)=w, z(F)=w^2, z(C)=-w^2, z(E)=-w

Now

z(M) = 1/2 (1-w^2)

12

Since

z(B) + w z(N) + w^2 z(M)

= w + 1/2 + 1/2 w^2 - 1/2 w

= 1/2 (1 + w + w^2)

=0

Thus triangle BMN is equilateral.

***

Part 2

Let AB = 2a.

Then

S = 6*sqrt(3)/4 (2a)^2 = 6*sqrt(3) a^2

On the other hand, by cosine law on triangle BCM,

BM^2 = (2a)^2 + a^2 - 2(2a)(a)cos120 = 7 a^2

Area of triangle BMN

= sqrt(3)/4 * BM^2

= 7*sqrt(3)/4 a^2

Hence, Area of BMN = 7/24 S.

W FungJuly 26, 2012 12:50 AM

Using vector approach to solve the problem. Let vectorDC = a, vector CB = b, then

vector BA = b - a.

Hence MB = (1/2)a + b ; BN = (1/2)b - (3/2)a ; MN = -a + (3/2)b

For simplicity, let the length of the hexagon be 1, then |a|=|b|=1.

|MB| = |BN| = |MN| = sqrt(7/4)

So triangle BMN is equilateral.

The area of triangle would be 7*sqrt(3)/16.

Yet, the area of hexagon in this case, would be 6*(|aXb|)=3*sqrt(3)/2

q.e.d.

Problem 792: Right Triangle, Altitude, Angle Bisector, Three Incircles, Incenters, Five

Concyclic Points, Circles. Level: High School, SAT Prep, College, Mathematics

Education

13

The figure below shows a right triangle ABC with the incenter I and the altitude BH. BD and BE are

bisectors of angles HBC and ABH, respectively. I 1 is the incenter of the triangle AHB and I 2 is the

incenter of triangle BHC. Prove that the points E, I 1, I, I2, and D are concyclic.

http://img88.imageshack.us/img88/5497/problem792.png

14

Per the result of problem 789 we have FD=FI= FE= inradius of triangle ABC

In Problem 789 we prove that triangle BEC is isosceles , C, I ,I2 are collinear and CI

is the perpendicular bisector of BE .

We have LBI2=45

Due to symmetric property of symmetric line CIL, we have LEI2=LBI2=45 =>

EI2 perpendicular to BD

Similarly we also have DI1 perpendicular to BE

So E , I1,I, I2 and D are concyclic in a circle diameter ED

Jacob HaJuly 26, 2012 5:37 PM

angle ABD

= angle ABH + angle HBD

= angle BCH + angle CBD

= anle ADB

So AB = AD.

Now since AI1 is angle bisector of angle BAD,

and triangle ABD is isosceles,

thus AI1 is perpendicular to BD.

Consider triangle I1BD,

from the above result, it is isosceles.

Since I1B = I1D, and angle I1BD = 45,

so angle BI1D = 90.

Therefore, angle EI1D = 90.

Similarly, angle EI2D = 90.

(Indeed, BH, DI1 and EI2 are concurrent,

and they intersect at the orthocenter of triangle BED. )

On the other hand,

since AI1 is perpendicular to BD,

AI is also perpendicular to BD, so IB = ID.

Similarly, IB = IE. So IB = ID = IE.

Therefore, I is the circumcenter of triangle BED.

Consequently,

angle EID = 2 * angle EBD = 90.

As angle EI1D = angle EID = angle EI2D = 90,

thus E, I1, I, I2, D concyclic, with diameter DE.

W FungJuly 26, 2012 8:50 PM

15

BI1/I1E = (BH+BA)/AH = (b+c)/a,

BI2/I2D = (BH+BC)/HC = (a+c)/b,

By angle bisector theorem,

EH = BH/(BA+BH)*AH = (ab/c)*(a/(b+c))

HD = BH/(BH+BC)*HC = (ab/c)*(b/(a+c))

Hence EH/HD = (a(a+c))/(b(b+c))

And further,

(BI1/I1E) * (BI2/I2D) * (EH/HD) = 1

So BH, I1D, I2E are concurrent.

In addition,

S(BOD)/S(DOE) = BI1/I1E = BH/EH = tan(BED)

S(BOE)/S(DOE) = BI2/I2D = BH/DH = tan(BDE)

As a result, by the barycentric coordinate system on triangle BDE, the concurrent

point is the orthocenter.

So Angle EI1D = Angle DI2E = 90 and I1, I2, D, E are concyclic.

For the remaining, EBD = 45, while BI = ID = IE , so I is the circumcenter of BDE,

and IDE = 90.

So the point I also lies on the circle I1, I2, D, E.

Q.E.D.

ErinaJuly 27, 2012 7:14 AM

EBD=90:2=45

ABD, CEB=> isosceles

AI I =>perpendicular bisector [BD] =>ID BE

CI2I perpendicular bisector [BE] =>EI2 BD

IM AC MD=r EM=r IM=r

Points E, I, I, I2 and D are in the circles with the center M and radius r

AnonymousJuly 27, 2012 8:29 AM

Angle EBD=90:2=45

ABD, CEB => isosceles

AI I => perpendicular bisector [BD]=> ID BE

CI2I perpendicular bisector [BE]=> EI2 BD

IM AC MD=r EM=r IM=r

Points E, I, I, I2 and D are in the circles with the center M and radius r

16

Angle EBD=90:2=45

ABD, CEB => isosceles

AI I =>perpendicular bisector [BD] =>ID BE

CI2I perpendicular bisector [BE] =>EI BD

IM AC MD=r EM=r IM=r

Points E, I, I, I2 and D are in the circles with the center M and radius r

...ERINA....

Problem 793: Right Triangle, Altitude, Three Incircles, Incenters, Circumcircle,

Circumradius, Perpendicular, Distance, Metric Relations. Level: High School, SAT

Prep, College, Mathematics Education

The figure below shows a right triangle ABC with the incenter I and the altitude BH. D and E are the

incenters of triangles AHB and BHC, respectively. IM, IN, and IF are perpendicular to BD, BE, and

DE, respectively. If R is the circumradius of triangle DEI, prove that

3 comments:

AnonymousJuly 30, 2012 6:40 PM

2)points A,D,I,N are in the same line and this line is perpendicular to BE. This way

the angle BDE is 45 degrees.

Similarly, points C,E,I,M are in the same line and this liner is perpendicular to BD.

This way the angle BEI=45 degrees

3)bxc=2RxHa(b,c are triangle sides and Ha is altitude)

17

IDxIE=2RxIF

IDxIE=2IMxIN

IMxIN=RxIF, => R=(IMxIN)/IF.

Erina

Jacob HaJuly 30, 2012 7:11 PM

R

= [ID*IE*DE] / [4*S(IDE)]

= [sqrt(2)*IM*sqrt(2)*IN*DE] / [4*S(IDE)]

= [IM*IN*DE] / [2*S(IDE)]

= IM*IN/IF

mtzJuly 31, 2012 10:56 PM

Let IK is perpendicular to AC. From similarity of IKM and INF, we have that

IK/IM=IN/IF or R/IM=IN/IF.

Problem 794: Right Triangle, Altitude, Three Incenters, Circumcircles, Incircle,

Congruence. Level: High School, SAT Prep, College, Mathematics Education

The figure below shows a right triangle ABC with the incenter I and the altitude BH. D and E are the

incenters of triangles AHB and BHC, respectively. Prove that the incircle of triangle ABC and the

circumcircles of triangles BDE and DEI are congruent.

18

AC passes through the center of c3 and touches c1. So the radius of c3 and c1 must be

the same.

By previous problem we know that I is the orthocenter of the triangle BDE, hence the

circumcircle of IDE and BDE must be in same size. This implies c1 and c2 are

congruent .

zs359142279August 8, 2012 12:40 AM

I'm not gonna post a picture for this proof but here is my plan:

First prove that I,D,A and I,E,C are collinear.

then use the law of sines to prove that the radii of C2 and C3 are the same.

As for the radius of C1, you can use the formula for the inradius of a right triangle to

prove the radii of C1 and C2 are the same.

And it works! By the way, this proof requires some similarities between triangles.

AnonymousAugust 16, 2012 4:56 AM

Let r, a, b, are the inradiis of the triangles ABC, ABH and BHC respectively.

Hence we get:

(1) r^2 = a^2 + b^2 (Problem 25) ;

BH = r + a + b (Problem 23).

P and Q are the points at which incircles of Tr. ABH and BHC touche AB and BC

respectively.

Then:

BP = BH - a = r + b ; BQ = BH - b = r + a.

Now we take BA & BC as the x-axis and y-axis.

B(0 ; 0) ; D(r + b ; a) ; E(b ; r + a).

The equation of the circumcircle of tr. BDE is:

X^2(a+b+r)+Y^2(a+b+r)+X(a^2-2ab-b^2-2br-r^2)-Y(a^2+2ab+2ar-b^2+r^2)=0.

By (1) we have:

a^2-r^2= -b^2 and r^2 - b^2 = a^2.

By the substitution in the equation we have:

X^2(a+b+r)+y^2(a+b+r)-2bX(a+b+r)-2aY(a+b+r)=0

or X^2 + Y^2 - 2bX - 2aY = 0.

The center of the circumcircle C2 is G(b ; a) and the radius of the circle C2 is R

=(a^2+B^2) = r.

Therefore all the circles C1, C2 and C3 has radius r.

Infact also the radius of C1 and C3 is r (problem 792 - 793).

AnonymousAugust 16, 2012 10:58 AM

.... The center of the circumcircle C2 is G(b ; a) and the radius of the circle C2 is R

=sqrt(a^2 + b^2) = r.

19

Problem 795: Intersecting Circles, Common Chord, Midpoint, Tangent, Secant Line,

Perpendicular, 90 Degrees. Level: High School, SAT Prep, College, Mathematics

Education

The circles O and Q intersect at A and B (see the figure). M is the midpoint of AB and CAD is a

secant line. The tangents at C and D meet at E. BF is perpendicular to CE and BG is perpendicular

to DE. If FG cuts CD at H, prove that MH is perpendicular to FG.

Let KL is perpendicular to AB. Then, FBGE, CBDE and KBHF are all subscribed-able

quadrilaterals. So, BH is perpendicular to CD and from this MH is perpendicular to FG. You

can see this here: http://mtz256.files.wordpress.com/2012/08/7953.jpg

20

Connect CB,BD.

By a property of tangent lines:

ECD=CBA,EDC=ABD

180-CED=ECD+EDC

180-CED=CBA+ABD=CBD

C,B,D,E are concyclic points

EFB=EGB=90

E,F,B,G are also concyclic points

Connect BE

By properties of concyclic figures:

BED=DCB, BEG=BFG

DCB=BFG

C,F,H,B are concyclic points

Connect BH

CHB=CFB=90

To prove that MHFG, we just need to prove that FHC=MHB

By properties of concyclic figures:

FHC=FBC,HBF=FCH=CBA

HBA=CBF=FHC

AHB is a right triangle and M is that midpoint of AB.

MHB=HBA=FHC Done

FHC+CHM=MHB+CHM=90

= ECD + EDC

= 180 - CED

21

http://i1237.photobucket.com/albums/ff480/Evan_Liang/795.png

PravinAugust 12, 2012 9:04 PM

B, D, E, C are concyclic (*)

So BDC =BEC

B, G, E, F are concyclic

So BEF = BGF

Follows

BDH = BDC = BEC = BEF = BGF= BGH

So B, G, D, H are concyclic; also BGD = 90

Hence BHD = 90

(*)CBD = CBA + DBA = ECD + EDC = 180 - CED

Problem 796: Triangle, Altitude, Measurement of Angles. Level: High School, SAT

Prep, College, Mathematics Education

The figure below shows a triangle ABC with a point D on the altitude BH. If angles DAC, ABD, DBC,

and BCD are equal to x, x + 6, x, and x+9 degrees, respectively, find x.

22

3 comments:

AnonymousAugust 19, 2012 11:36 AM

el ortocentro del tringulo y debe cumplirse que: x+6+x+x+9=90 y por tanto x=25.

Peter TranAugust 19, 2012 1:39 PM

http://img13.imageshack.us/img13/6435/problem796.png

23

Quadrilateral AHEB is cyclic => AE BC

Quadrilateral ACEF is cyclic => CF AB

In AHEB angle BAE= (180-4x-12)=84-2x .(1)

In ACEF angle BAE=x+9 (2)

From (1) and (2) we have 84-2x=x+9 => x=25

W FungAugust 19, 2012 7:04 PM

By comparing triangle ADH and DHC, we have HC/AH = tan(2x+9)*tan(x)

By comparing traingel ABH and HBC, we have HC/AH = tan(x) / tan (x+6)

Therefore, tan(2x+9)*tan(x) = tan(x) / tan (x+6) => tan(2x+9)*tan(x+6) = 1

Using product to sum, of sine and consine, we have

cos((2x+9)-(x+6)) - cos((2x+9)+(x+6)) = cos((2x+9)-(x+6)) + cos((2x+9)+(x+6))

cos((2x+9)+(x+6))=0

3x + 15 = 90

x = 25.

Triangles. Level: High School, SAT Prep, College, Mathematics Education

The figure below shows a parallelogram ABCD, AE is the bisector of angle BAD. If AE and DC meet

at F, prove that triangles ABE, ECF, and ADF are isosceles and similar.

2 comments:

Jacob HaAugust 23, 2012 4:15 PM

24

(1)

Since angle BAE = angle DAE = angle BEA,

thus BA = BE, and so ABE is isosceles.

(2)

Since AB//DC, so

angle BAE = angle CFE & angle ABE = angle FCE

which means ABE and ECF are similar.

Since BC//AD, so

angle FEC = angle FAD & angle FCE = angle FDA

which means ECF and ADF are similar.

Combining (1) & (2),

they are isosceles and similar.

W FungAugust 23, 2012 4:52 PM

Angle BAE = angle AFB (parallel lines)

Angle BEA = angle FAB ( parallel lines)

So all these four angles are the same and hence the required triangles are isos and

similar

blem 798: Parallelogram, Secant Line, Tangent Circles, Circumcircles, Triangle. Level: High

School, SAT Prep, College, Mathematics Education

The figure below shows a parallelogram ABCD, a secant line meets DA extended, AB, BC, and DC

extended at E, F, G, and H, respectively. Prove that the circumcircles of triangles EDH and GCH are

tangent at H.

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Since ABCD is a parrallelogram, GC//ED and therefore angle HGC = angle HED.

So the tangent lines for the 2 circles must be exactly the same at H.

q.e.d.

2 comments:

W FungAugust 23, 2012 8:38 PM

Since ABCD is a parrallelogram, GC//EB and therefore angle HGC = angle HEB.

So the tangent lines for the 2 circles must be exactly the same at H.

q.e.d.

Peter TranAugust 23, 2012 10:25 PM

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http://img577.imageshack.us/img577/6738/problem798.png

Note that HGC and HED are similar

Consider dilation transformation centered H , scale factor= HC/HD=HG/HE

This transformation , circumcircle of HGC will become circumcircle of HED and

O will become O

So H, O and O are collinear => circumcircles of 2 triangles will tangent at H

Circumcenter. Level: High School, SAT Prep, College, Mathematics Education

The figure below shows a parallelogram ABCD, AE is the bisector of angle BAD. If AE and DC meet

at F, prove that the circumcenter Q of triangle CEF lies on the circumcircle of triangle BCD.

27

2 comments:

Peter TranAugust 26, 2012 12:06 AM

28

http://img19.imageshack.us/img19/9383/problem799.png

We have ABE and ECF are isosceles triangles

QE=QC (Q is circumcenter of CEF)

AB=CD=BE

EQH=CQH=EFC=

ECD=2 ( external angle of ECF)

QCD= +90 and QEB=external angle of EQH= +90

So BQE congruence to DQC ( Case SAS) => BQD=2 = BCD

So quadrilateral BDCQ is cyclic

W FungAugust 26, 2012 3:17 AM

Let x be the angle FAD (=angle BAE = angle BEA = angle FEC = EFC) [from

previous problem797]

Since EFC is isos., QC is the perpendicular bisector of EF and angle QCE = 90-x.

Then angle QCD = 90 + x.

Now observe that

QC = QE

BE = BA = CD

Angle QCD = 90 + x = 180 - (90+x) = 180 - (angle QEC) = angle QEB

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Therefore angle QBC = angle QBE = angle QDC.

By the converse of angle in the same segment, it is proved.

metry Problem 800: de Gua's Theorem, Pythagorean theorem in 3-D, Tetrahedron, Cubic

Vertex, Triangular Pyramid, Apex, Height, Right Triangle Area, Base Area,

Projected Area. Level: High School, SAT Prep, College, Mathematics

Education

n any tetrahedron with a cubic vertex O-ABC the square of the area of the face opposite the cubic

vertex O-ABC is equal to the sum of the squares of the areas of the other three faces AOB, AOC,

BOC.

3 comments:

Peter TranAugust 26, 2012 1:42 PM

30

http://img15.imageshack.us/img15/3285/problem800.png

Draw lines per attached sketch

Let K is the projection of O over AB.

AB to OK and AB orthogonal to OC => AB to CK

In right triangle COK , draw altitude OH .

Since AB to plane CKO => OH orthogonal to AB

OH to KC and orthogonal to AB => OH to plane ABC

1. We have S(AOB)=1/2. AB.OK and S(AHB)=1/2.AB.KH

So S(AOB)=S(AHB)/cos(x) where x is the angle form by 2 planes AOB and ABC

Similarly we have S(AOB)=S(ABC).cos(x) ( O is the projection of C over plane

AOB )

From above expression we have S(AOB)^2=S(ABC).S(ABH)

2. S(AOB)^2=S(ABC).S(ABH)

S(AOC)^2=S(ABC).S(AHC)

S(BOC)^2=S(ABC).S(BHC)

Add above expression side by side we have

S(AOB)^2+S(AOC)^2+S(BOC)^2=S(ABC)^2

Note that S(ABC)=S(ABH)+S(AHC)+S(BHC)

3. Calculation volume of tetrahedron OABC

V=1/3.a.b.c=1/3.h.S(ABC) => a.b.c=S(ABC).h

4. In right triangle KOC we have 1/h^2=1/c^2+1/k^2 (relationship in a right

triangle)

In right triangle AOB we have 1/k^2=1/a^2+1/b^2

Combine 2 above expressions we get 1/h^2=1/a^2+1/b^2+1/c^2

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Gutierrez, please review )

The correct question ,in my opinion should be a.b.c = 2. A(ABC). h

The answer for this question is:

3. Calculation volume of tetrahedron OABC

V(OABC)=1/6.a.b.c=1/3.h.S(ABC) => a.b.c=2. S(ABC).h

Peter Tran

Antonio GutierrezAugust 26, 2012 7:15 PM

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