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Wireless Comms

16. Diffraction of electromagnetic wave


a. is caused by reflections from the ground
b. arises only with the spherical wavefronts
c. will occur when the waves pass through a large slot
d. may occur around the edge of a sharp obstacle
17. Sky waves cannot be "heard":
a. close to the transmitter
b. in the "silent" zone
c. far from the transmitter
d. in the "skip" zone
18. It is the ratio of the power density radiated in a particular direction to the power density radiated
to the same point by a reference antenna, assuming both antennas are radiating the same amount
of power.
a. directive gain
b. antenna efficiency
c. directive power
d. power gain
20. It is a comparison of the output power of an antenna in a certain direction to that of an isotropic
antenna.
a. directive gain
b. directive power
c. antenna efficiency
d. power gain
21. It is defined as the ratio of the power radiated by the antenna to the square of the current at the
feedpoint.
a. Front to back ratio
b. Directivity
c. Radiation resistance
d. Efficiency
22. A dipole antenna has a radiation resistance of 67 ohms and a loss resistance of 5 ohms
measured at the feedpoint. What is the efficiency?
a. 39%
b. 93%
c. 45%
d. 100%
23. Antenna beamwidth is measured at ___.
a. peak power of the minor lobe
b. peak power of the major lobe
c. half power points of the minor lobe
d. half power points of the major lobe
24. Which beamwidth represents the best antenna directivity?
a. 7 degrees
b. 19 degrees
c. 12 degrees
d. 28 degrees
25. The other name of a Marconi antenna.
a. Quarterwave antenna
b. Yagi-uda

c. Dipole
d. Hertzian dipole
26. A marconi antenna is sometimes called ___.
a. Half-wave dipole
b. Vertical monopole
c. Hertz antenna
d. Elementary doublet
27. What is the beamwidth of a short dipole?
a. 90 deg
b. 360 deg
c. 78 deg
d. 120 deg
28. What is the dB gain of a hertz antenna?
a. 1.64
b. 3.28
c. 0
d. 2.14
29. Antenna element that obtains power solely through coupling with another element in the array.
a. Parasitic
b. Driven
c. Reflector
d. Director
30. Using a small reflector to beam waves to the larger parabolic reflector is known as
a. focal feed
b. cassegrain feed
c. horn feed
d. coax feed
31. Frequencies in the UHF range normally propagate by means of
a. ground waves
b. sky waves
c. surface waves
d. space waves

Digi comms
1. What physical facility is used in a digital communication system?
a. Twisted pair
b. Coaxial cable
c. Optical fiber cable
d. All of these
d
2. Which of the following is an application of digital modulation?
a. DSL
b. Cable broadband internet
c. Dial-up access
d. All of these
d
3. Aside from the fact that the information capacity is directly proportional to the bandwidth and
the transmission time, it is also a function of a constant function which depends on ___.
a. Type of data coding
b. Signal to noise ratio
c. Both of these
d. None of the above
b
4. Encoding with higher than binary levels.
a. Higher-than-binary encoding
b. Beyond binary encoding
c. M-ary encoding
d. All of these
c
5. Which of the following is a disadvantage of digital over analog transmission?
a. Requires more bandwidth
b. Requires complex circuits (ADC and DAC) and (encoder and decoder)
c. Incompatibility to older analog systems
d. All of these
d
6. The time that the FET in a sample and hold circuit is ON.
a. Aperture time
b. Acquisition time
c. Storage time
d. A and b only
d

7. Quantization error caused by digitizing an analog sample is expressed as ___.


a. Signal to quantizing noise power ratio
b. Signal to distortion ratio
c. Signal to noise ratio
d. All of these
c
8. A form of QPSK where the bit waveforms in the in-phase and quad channels are shifted in
phase by one-half the bit time.
a. Offset QPSK
b. Differential PSK
c. Delta PSK
d. All of these
a
9. What is the angular separation between adjacent output phases in a 16PSK?
a. Pi/8 C. Pi/16
b. Pi/4 D. Pi/32
a
10. A form of digital modulation where both the amplitude and the phase of the carrier is varied
in accordance with the digital information.
a. QAM C. QPSK
b. ASK D. DASK
a
11. The difference between the mark and space frequencies in a FSK system is 1 kHz with a
2kbps input bit rate. What is the minimum nyquist bandwidth?
a. 6 kHz C. 5 kHz
b. 3 kHz D. 2 kHz
c

12. Which of the following is a disadvantage of digital over analog transmission?


a. Requires more bandwidth
b. Requires complex circuits (ADC and DAC) and (encoder and decoder)
c. Incompatibility to older analog systems
d. All of these
d