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# 1.

AIM:
Determining how the change in permeability, iron and other factors can
affects the intensity of the magnetic field and induction of the magnetic field
using quick field.
2. GEOMETRY AND DATA:
Problem Type: Magnetostatic
Model Class: Plane-parallel
Coordinate System: Cartesian
Length Units: Meters
Block Labels:
Air: Ur=1
Iron: Ur=103
J- ; Ur=1, J = -

i
A bobin

J+ ; Ur=1, J =

i
A bobin

Where A = 2.5*105 m2
Edge Labels:
Boundary: A=0

COMPUTATION POINTS:
P1 (3, 0) p2(-2.5, -2.5) p3(0, 0) p4(-3, 0)
p5(0, 3) p6(4.5, -4.5) p7(3, -3) p8(1.5, 1.5)
OBSERVATION:
Mesh 1 - approximately 50 nodes (Manual Spacing 3, 5, 7)
Mesh 2 - approximately 100 nodes (Manual Spacing 2, 4, 6)
Mesh 3 - approximately 200 nodes (Manual Spacing 1.2, 2.8, 3.7)
MESH TEST
MESH 1

MESH 2

MESH 3

B1

7.0213x10-5

7.2333x10-5

2.793x10-5

B2

6.0733x10-5

5.9974x10-5

1.1487x10-4

B3

2.002x10-4

2.0834x10-4

2.9517x10-4

B4

7.0213x10-5

7.2503x10-5

1.1961x10-4

B5

1.6418x10-4

1.8596x10-4

1.7545x10-4

B6

3.071x10-5

3.5647x10-5

3.881x10-5

B7

4.3862x10-5

4.7305x10-5

8.4334x10-5

B8

9.7872x10-5

9.6089x10-5

4.4826x10-5

## Intensity of magnetic feld H

[A/m]

Ur=1, Fe Ur=103

H1

0.055874

0.057561

22.226

H2

48.44

47.726

91.408

H3

0.15931

0.16579

0.23489

H4

0.055874

0.057696

0.095179

H5

0.13065

0.14798

139.62

H6

24.439

28.367

30.884

H7

34.904

37.644

67.111

H8

77.884

76.465

35.672

I = 0.1A

Ur=1, Fe Ur=103
MESH 1

MESH 2

MESH 3

A1

-0.00025014

-0.00026264

-0.00024311

A2

0.00022822

0.00024503

0.0002977

A3

0.0002002

-3.201x10-9

2.7393x10-7

A4

0.00025014

0.00026262

0.00024298

A5

-7.276x10-12

-6.3096x10-7

-2.5172x10-7

A6

-0.00010598

-0.00011042

-0.00010931

A7

-0.00019445

-0.0002107

-0.00022258

A8

-0.00032628

-0.00034373

-0.00040447

Potential A [Wb/m]

I = 0.1A

CONCLUSION: As the nodes are increased, the value of the intensity of magnetic
field and induction of magnetic field varies. In some points the intensity of magnetic
field are in increasing order while some are in decreasing order. Also it can be
observed that there are potential decreases as the nodes were increased.

r_aer= 1
r_fier= 10

r_fier= 103

r_fier= 107

B1

7.9752x10-5

2.793x10-5

1.2012x10-4

B2

9.5782x10-5

1.1487x10-4

1.1512x10-4

B3

2.234x10-4

2.9517x10-4

2.9719x10-4

B4

7.9804x10-5

1.1961x10-4

1.2019x10-4

B5

1.4787x10-4

1.7545x10-4

1.7581x10-4

B6

3.3986x10-5

3.881x10-5

3.8874x10-5

B7

7.3932x10-5

8.4334x10-5

8.4473x10-5

B8

2.9829x10-5

4.4826x10-5

4.5247x10-5

H1

6.3464

22.226

9.5588x10-6

H2

76.221

91.408

91.614

H3

17.777

0.23489

0.00002365

H4

6.3506

0.095179

9.5644x10-6

H5

11.767

139.62

1.3991x10-5

H6

27.046

30.884

30.935

H7

58.833

67.111

67.221

H8

23.737

35.672

36.006

i = 0.1A

H [A/m]

## Induction of the magnetic feld B [T]

Mesh 3

r_aer= 1
r_fier= 10

r_fier= 103

r_fier= 107

A1

-0.00021916

-0.00026264

-0.000024342

A2

0.00026062

0.00024503

0.0002982

A3

2.1336x10-7

-3.201x10-9

2.7473x107

A4

0.0002191

0.00026262

0.00024329

A5

-1.7393x10-7

-6.3096x10-7

-2.5279x10-7

A6

-9.5615x10-5

-0.00011042

-0.00010949

A7

-0.00019469

-0.0002107

-0.00022295

A8

-0.00032591

-0.00034373

-0.00040555

i = 0.1A

Potential A [Wb/m]

Mesh 3

## CONCLUSION: We could observe that an increase in the density of Iron (Fe)

influences the induction of the magnetic field and the intensity of magnetic field in a
positive way. The induction of the magnetic field and intensity of the magnetic field
also increase and a decrease in the Iron (Fe) will also cause a decrease in the
induction of the magnetic field and intensity of magnetic field. It can also be
observed that as the Fe is increased some of the points decrease while some
increase then decrease.

r_fier= 103
r_aer= 1

I = 0.01A

I = 0.1A

I = 1A

1.1956x10-4

1.1956 x10-4

H [A/m]

## Induction of the magnetic feld B [T]

Mesh 3
B1

1.1956x10-5

B2

1.1487x10-5

1.1487x10-4

1.1487x10-3

B3

2.9617x10-5

2.9517x10-4

2.9517x10-3

B4

1.1964x10-5

1.1961x10-4

1.1961x10-3

B5

1.7545x10-5

1.7545x10-4

1.7545x10-3

B6

3.881x10-6

3.881x10-5

3.881x10-4

B7

8.4334x10-6

8.4334x10-5

8.4334x10-4

B8

4.4826x10-6

4.4826x10-5

4.4826x10-4

H1

0.0095146

0.095146

0.95146

H2

9.1408

91.408

914.08

H3

0.023568

0.23489

2.3489

H4

0.0095203

0.095179

0.95179

H5

0.013962

0.13962

1.3962

H6

3.0884

30.884

308.84

H7

6.7111

67.111

671.11

H8

3.5672

35.672

356.72

r_fier= 103
r_aer= 1

I = 0.01A

I = 0.1A

I = 1A

A1

-2.4311x10-5

-0.00024311

-0.0024311

A2

0.00002977

0.0002977

0.002977

A3

2.7393x10-8

2.7393x10-7

2.7393x10-6

A4

2.4298x10-5

0.00024298

0.0024298

A5

-2.5171x10-5

-0.00025171

-0.0025171

A6

-1.0931x10-5

-0.00010931

-0.0010931

A7

-2.2258x10-5

-0.00022258

-0.0022258

A8

-4.0447x10-5

-0.00040447

-0.0040447

Potential A [Wb/m]

Mesh 3

CONCLUSION: We can observe that the current influences the induction of magnetic
field and the intensity of the magnetic field in a positive way. An increase in the
current increases the intensity of magnetic field and the induction of magnetic field.
Vise versa. And as the current increases the potential also increases.

MESH 1

Flux density
Strength

MESH 2

Flux density
Strength
MESH 3

Flux density
Strength

PERMEABILITY = 10

Flux Density
Strength

Ur = 103

Flux Density
Strength
Ur = 107

Current I = 0.01A

Flux Density
Strength
I = 0.1A

Flux Density
Strength

I = 1A