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Lmites

x3 4 x 2 3x 2
x 1
x 2 13 x 14
( x 1) ( x 2 5 x 2)
lim
x 1
( x 1) ( x 14)

6.lim

1.lim

x 2

lim
x 2

1 5 2 8

1 14
15

x3 5 x 2 3x 3
2. lim
x 1 3 x 3 6 x 2 9 x
( x 1) ( x 2 6 x 3)
lim
x 1
( x 1) (3x 9)

x 1

x3 12 x 2 10 x 3
x3 9 x 2 6 x 4

x x3

3x 9

997
25

3 9 9 9 81

x 4 3x 5
x 4 4x 9

12 5 7
1
16 9 7

x 4 x3 24
8.lim
x 2
x2 4

x 2 x 3x 6 x 12
lim
x 2 x 2
3

x 2

x 3 x 2 3 x 7
2

4 2 10

x 4

x 3 2 x 21
4.lim
x 3
x 4 27
x 3

2 2 2 3 0

lim

1 13 3 17

1 10 4 15

lim

3x 2 17 x 20
x 4 4 x 2 25 x 36

x 1 x 2 13x 3
lim
x
x 1 x 2 10 x 4

x 2 x 2 x 3
x 2 x x 10

7.lim

1 6 3
10
5

3 9
6
12

3.lim

x3 x 2 8 x 12
x3 x 2 12 x 20

8 12 12 12 44

11
22
4

9.lim
x 1

x3 x 2 5 x 3
x3 2 x 2 7 x 4

x 1 x 2 x 3
lim
x 1 x 3x 4
x 1 x 3 1 3 4
lim
x 1 x 4 1 4 5
2

x 1

x 1

x 2 a 1 x a
5.lim
xa
x3 a

x a x 1
lim
x a x ax a
xa

a 1
2
3a

5 x 2 3x5 8
x 1 7 x 4 4 x 3

10.lim

x 1 3x 3x 3x 8 x 8
lim
x 1 7 x 7 x 7 x 3
4

x 1

3 3 3 8 8 25

7773
24

x3 6 x 2 9 x
x 3 x 3 5 x 2 3 x 9
27 54 27
108 3

27 45 9 9 72
2

11.lim

16.lim
x2

x 3

x 3 2x
x 3 4x

x 1

x 1

lim
x 1

x 1

a x2
2

2
1

2
2
2 1 a 1 a

2 x 2 n 1 3 x 2 n
14.lim 2 n
x 1 3 x
5 2 x 2 n
x 1

lim

3x n x n x n

2x

10

10

20

10

10

3
1
17.lim

x 1 1 x
1 x3

lim

2
x 1 1 x

x
x

x2 x 1 3

lim
2
x 1 1 x

x 1 x 2
lim
x 1 1 x
x 2 x 1

1 x 1 a x 1 a

20

10

1 x 1 x

2x
lim
3x

10

320
320
310 3
10 10 10 10
6
3 .2
2
2

1 x2

1 ax

12 x 16
10

x 2

18 3 1 22 11

36 3 1 34 17

13.lim

20

20

2 x3 5 x 2 2 x 3
12.lim 3
x 3 4 x 13 x 2 4 x 3
lim

x 2

x 2 x 1
lim
x 2 x 2 x 8
x 2 x 1
lim
x 2 x 4
x 2

x 1

2 x n 3x n 5
5
x 1 3 x n 2 x n
1

1 x

x 2

1 x x

x 1

1 2 3

1
12 1 1 3

lim

x 4 3x3 7 x 2 5 x 6
18.lim
x 1
x4 2x 3

x 1 x
lim
x 1 x
x 1

99
49

x 1 x 4 x 11x 6
lim
x 1 x x x 3
3

x100 2 x 1
15.lim 50
x 1 x
2x 1

x 1

x 98 x 97 ... x 2 x 1

x x ... x x 1
48

47

4 1 111 6
2

12 1 3

22
6

98 49

48 24

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 1

x 4
19.lim

x4

x 4
lim

3 x 4 x 2 16
x3 64
2

3 x 4 x 4 x 4
x 4
x 3 43
2
x 4 x 4 3 x 4 x 4

lim
2
x 4
x 4 x 4 x 16

x 2 8 x 16 3x 12 x 4
x 4
x 2 4 x 16
x2 4x 8
lim 2
x 4 x 4 x 16

lim

1 4 4 8

2
4 4 4 16
2

x5 3x 4 4 x3 8 x 2 2 x 6
x 4 5 x3 2 x 2 2 x 2

20.lim
x 1

x 1 x
lim
x 1 x
x 1

4
3

6x2 4x 2

x 6 x5 x 4 x3 x 2 x
x 1 3 x 7 4 x 6 7 x 5 5 x 4 2 x 3 2 x 1

21.lim
lim
x 1

x 0

x 1 x

x 1 3x

x3 x

7 x 5 5 x 3 3 x 2 3 x 1

1 1 1
3

6
5
3
2
3 1 7 1 5 1 3 1 3 1 1 22
5

x 0

2
2 / 2 1
1 1

x 4 3 x 14
x 5
x5
x 4 3 x 14 x 4 3 x 14
lim

x 5
x5
x 4 3 x 14
x 4 3 x 14
lim
x 5
x 5 x 4 3x 14
25.lim

lim
x 5

lim
x 5

lim
x 5

1 x2 1 1 x2 1
23.lim
.
x 0
x2
1 x2 1
lim
x 0

lim
x 0

1 x2 1

x
2

2
1 x 1 x

lim

4 x3 8 x 6

1 4 1 8 1 6 19
3
2
1 6 1 4 1 2 13
4

8
1

48 6

1 x 1 x
x
1 x 1 x 1 x 1 x
lim

x 0
x
1 x 1 x
1 x (1 x)
lim
x 0 x ( 1 x 1 x )
2x
lim
x 0 x ( 1 x 1 x )
24.lim

( x 5)
( x 5)
( x 5)

2 x 10
x 4 3 x 14

2 x 10
( x 4 3 x 14)
2( x 5)
x 4 3 x 14

2
2 / 2 1
5 4 3(5) 14

1 x2 1

1 x2 1
1

1 0 1
2

1
2

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 2

x2 2x 6 x2 2x 6
x 3
x2 4x 3
x2 2x 6 x2 2x 6 x2 2x 6 x2 2x 6
lim

x 3
x2 2x 6 x2 2x 6
( x 3)( x 1)

x 2 2 x 6 ( x 2 2 x 6)
lim
x 3
x 2 2 x 6 x 2 2 x 6 ( x 3)( x 1)
26.lim

lim
x 3

lim
x 3

lim
x 3

( x 3) ( x 1)
( x 1)
(3 1)

4( x 3)

x2 2 x 6 x2 2 x 6
4

x2 2x 6 x2 2x 6

(x 2x 6 x 2x 6
2

lim

3( x x) 1 4 x 7

x2 1 4 x 7 1 4 x 7

lim

lim
x 0

1 4x 7
3( x 2)(1 4 x 7
lim
x2
4( x 2)
x2

lim

3 1 4x 7

x2

lim
x2

x 2 7 16
( x 3)

x2 7 4

x 9

( x 3)

x2 7 4

( x 3)( x 3)

x 0

3( x 2) 1 4 x 7

x2 7 4

32 7 4
4

3 3
3

29.lim

lim

1 (4 x 7)

xab ab
; a 0, b 0
x 0
x
xab ab xab ab
lim

x 0
x
xab ab
x a ba b
lim
x 0
x xab ab

3x 6
x2 1 4 x 7
3x 6
3( x 2)
lim
lim
x2 1 4 x 7
x2 1 4 x 7

lim

( x 3)

x 3

x2 7 4

x 3

27.lim

x2

x 3

lim

4
1/ 3
x 3 (2)(3 3)

3( x 2) 1 4 x 7

x3

x 3 x2 7 4

x 2 7 x 2 7 4

lim

x 3

lim

lim

x 3

lim

4
2

28. lim

x
xab ab
1

ab

ab

1
2 ab

3 1 4(2) 7
4

Laboratorio de anlisis

3(1 1) 3
4

Pgina 3

2 x
x 4 3 2 x 1

x 0

2 x 2 x 3 2 x 1

x4 3 2 x 1 2
x

3 2 x 1

lim

lim
x4

lim
x4

lim
x4

lim
x4

(4 x) 3 2 x 1

9 2 x 1 (2 x )

( x 4) 3 2 x 1

2( x 4) 2 x

3 2(4) 1
2(2 4)

3 2x 1
2 2 4

8 x 2
x
3 8 x 2 23 8 x 4
3
8 x 2

lim
2

x 0
3
3
x
8 x 2 8 x 4
8 x 8
lim
2
x 0
x 3 8 x 2 3 8 x 4

x
lim
x 0
x ( 3 8 x ) 2 2( 3 8 x 4)
1
1
lim

2
3
x 0 3
12
( 8 x ) 2( 8 x 4)
3

32. lim

30.lim

3
4
x2 9 3
x 0
x4 x2
x2 9 3 x2 9 3
lim 2 2

2
x 0 x ( x 1)

2
x 99
lim
x 0 2
x ( x 2 2) x 2 9 3

33. lim
b2 x b2 a
xa
xa
2
b x b2 a b2 x b2 a
lim

x a
b2 x b2 a
xa

2
2
b x b a
lim
x a
( x a) b2 x b 2 a

31.lim

lim
x a

lim
x a

lim
x a

( x a)

( x a )
b2 x b2 a

lim
x 0

( x 2 1)

1
x2 9 3

1/ 6

1
b2 x b2 a
1
b2 a b2 a

Laboratorio de anlisis

1
2 b2 a

Pgina 4

1 x 1
1 x 1

34. lim 3
x 0

lim 3
x 0

x 16 4

1 x 1 1 x 1 ( 3 1 x ) 2 3 1 x 1

2
3
1 x 1 1 x 1
( 1 x ) 1 x 1

lim

x 16 4

1 x 1 3 1 x 3 1 x 1
lim
x 0
1 x 1 1 x 1
lim

x 16

3/ 2

1 x 1

x 4 x 4

x 2 x 4

( x 4)
( x 16)

lim

x 16

x 2
x 8 x 8
3
x 2 ( 3 x ) 2 2( 3 x ) 4
lim

x 0 x 8 ( 3 x ) 2 2( 3 x ) 4

x 8
lim
x 0
( x 8) ( 3 x ) 2 2( 3 x ) 4
1
1
lim

2
3
x 0 3
12
( x ) 2( x ) 4
3

35. lim

37.lim

x 1 5

( 4 x )3 (2)( 4 x ) 2 (2) 2 ( 4 x ) 23

3
2
2
3
x 2 ( 4 x ) (2)( 4 x ) 2 ( 4 x ) 2

( x 16)

lim

1 x 3 1 x 1

x 0

x 4
x 2

36. lim

x 2 x 4 x
x 4 ( x 16)

x 2( 4 x ) 2 4 4 x 8
lim
x 16
x 4
8 2(4) 4(2) 8
lim
4
x 16
44
4

x 1
x 1

x
x
x
x

x x x x x 1

x x x x x 1

x 1

x 1

x x x x 1

x x x x x x x 1

x 1
x x x x 1

lim

8
x 1

x x x x x x x 1

8
8 x 1 x
lim 5

x 1
x 1 8 x

4
5 x 5 x 3

5 4 5 3
x x

8 x 8 18

lim
5

x 1
5 x 15

Laboratorio de anlisis

x 1

Pgina 5

38.lim

x 1 3

x 1
x 1

3 2 3

x 1 x 1 x x 1
lim 3

x 1
x 1 x 1 3 x 3 x 1

2
2
x 12 3 x 3 x 1

lim
3

x 1
x 1
3 x 13

2
3

3
x 1 x x 1 3
lim

2
x 1
x 1
x 1

39.lim

x 1 4

x 1
x 1

x 1 x x x 1
x 1 x x x 1

x x x 1
x x 1

x 1 x x x 1 4
lim

3
x 1

3
3 x 1 x
lim 4

x 1
x 1 3 x

3 x 3 13

lim
4

x 1
4 x 1

x 1

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 1

27 x 3
x

27 x 3

40. lim
x 0

27 x

27 x 32
2

3
3
27 x 32

3
27 x 33

lim

2
x 0
x 3 27 x 3 3 27 x 32

1
27 x 27
lim

2
x 0
x 3 27 x 3 3 27 x 32 27

lim
x 0

41. lim
x 1

lim
x 1

lim
x 1

x7 2
x7 8

x7

x7

x7

x7

x7

23

8
2

x 7 8
lim
x 1
x 7 8

lim
x 1

27 x

x 7 2

x 7 8

x7

x7

x 7 22 x 7 8


x 7 22 x 7 8

2
x7 2

x7 8
2

x 7 22

x7 8

1
4 2 2

12
3
x 7 22
3

x7 8
2

15 6 x 3 25 x
x2
x 4 2 x 20
2
3
3
3
25 x 3 25 x
3 15 6 x 3 25 x 15 6 x 15 6 x
lim

2
x 2
x 4 2 x 20

3 15 6 x 3 15 6 x 3 25 x 3 25 x

3
3

3
15 6 x 3 25 x

lim

2
2
x 2
x 4 2 x 20 3 15 6 x 3 15 6 x 3 25 x 3 25 x


3

42.lim

5 ( x 2)
lim

2
2
x 2
( x 2) ( x3 2 x 2 4 x 10) 3 15 6 x 3 15 6 x 3 25 x 3 25 x

5
5
lim

2
2
x 2
(23 2(2) 2 4(2) 10) 3 15 6(2) 3 15 6(2) 3 25 (2) 3 25 2 918

43.lim

x 1

2 3 1 x 1
x2

x 0
3

lim

x 1

lim

x 0

lim
x 0

lim

x2

x2

x 1 1
x2

x 1

3
1

2
x 1 3 x 1 1

x2
2
x 1 3 x 1 1

x 1 x 1 1

1
1

2
1 1 1 9
x 0

x 0

lim

x 1 1
x 1 x 1 1

2
x 3 x 1 2 3 x 1 1

x 0

lim

2 3 x 1 1
x2

x 0

x 1
2
x 1 x x
3
x 1 3 x 1 x 2 1
lim 2

x 1 x 1 3 x 1 x 2 1
3

44.lim

lim
x 1

lim
x 1

lim
x 1

x 1

x x 1

x 1

x 3 x 1
2

x 3

x 1

x x 1

1
3

x 3 x 1

x 3 x 1

1
3

x
1 sen
2
45. lim
x
x
x h
x0
x h
h
1 sen
2 2
lim
h 0
h
h

1 sen cos sen cos


2
2
2
2
lim
h 0
h
h

1 cos 1 cos h
2
2
lim

h 0
h
h
1 cos

2
2

h
2
1 cos
2

lim
h 0
h

h 1 cos
2

h
sen 2
2
lim
h 0
h

h 1 cos
2

h
sen 2
1
2
lim
h 0 1
h
h 2 1 cos
2
2
h
h
sen sen
1
2
2
lim
h 0
h
h
2
1 cos
2
2
h
sen
2 1
lim1

h o
2 2
1
lim1 0 0
h 0
2

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 1

cos x cos 3 x
x 0
x2
cos x 4 cos3 x 3cos x
lim
x 0
x2
4 cos x 4 cos3 x
lim
x 0
x2
4 cos x 1 cos 2 x
lim
x 0
x2
4 cos x sen 2 x
lim
x 0
x2
46.lim

senx
lim 4 cos x

x 0
x
lim 4 cos x

x 0

lim 4 1 4
x 0

tagx senx
x 0
x3
senx senx

cos
x
1
lim
3
x 0
x
senx cos x senx
cos x
lim
x 0
x3
1
senx senx cos x
lim
x 0
cos x x3
senx 1 cos x
lim
x 0
x 3 cos x
senx 1 cos x
lim
2
x 0
x x cos x
47. lim

1 cos x 1 cos x
x 0 x 2 cos x

1 cos x

lim

1 cos 2 x
lim 2
x 0 x cos x 1 cos x
lim
x 0

sen 2 x
x 2 cos x 1 cos x
2

1
senx
lim

x 0
x cos x 1 cos x
1
1
lim

x 0 cos x 1 cos x
2

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 2

sen x h senx
x 0
h
senx.cosh senh.cos x senx
lim
x 0
h
senx cosh 1 senh.cos x
lim
x 0
h
senx cosh 1 senh.cos x
lim

x 0
h
h
senx cosh 1 cosh 1 senh
lim

cos x
x 0
h cosh 1
h

x sen 2 x
x sen 3x

48.lim
x 0

50. lim

x sen2 x
x
lim
x 0 x sen 3 x
x
x sen 2 x

x
x
lim
x 0 x
sen 3x

x
x
sen 2 x
1 2
2x
lim
x 0
sen 3x
1 3
3x
1 2 1
1
lim

x 0 1 3 1
4

lim

senx senx 2 h
h cosh 1

lim

senx senh
senh
lim
cos x
cosh 1 x0 h

x 0

1 cos x
x2
1 cos x 1 cos x
lim

x 0
x2
1 cos x
1 cos x 1 cos x
lim 2

x 0
x 1 cos x 1 cos x

senh
lim
cos x
x 0
h

x 0

senx 0
1.cos x cos x
2

49. lim
x 0

lim
x 0

1 senx 1 senx
x 0
x
1 senox 1 senx 1 senx 1 senx
lim

x 0
x
1 senx 1 senx
2senx
lim
x 0
x 1 senx 1 senx

51. lim

sen 2 x

x 1 cos x 1 cos x

cos x 1 cos x

Laboratorio de anlisis

1 11 1

1
4

2 2
1
11 2

Pgina 3

cos x 3 cos x
sen 2 x

52. lim
x 0

3
cos x 1
cos x 1

lim
2
x

0
sen x
sen 2 x

lim
x 0

2
3
cos x 1 cos x 1
cos x 1 3 cos x 3 cos x 1

lim

lim
2
x 0 sen 2 x
x 0 sen 2 x 3
3

cos
x

cos
x

1
cos x 1

cos x 1
cos x 1
lim
lim
2
2
x 0
sen x cos x 1 x 0 sen 2 x 3 cos x 3 cos x 1

lim
x 0

cos x 1
2

sen x

lim
x 0

lim
x 0

cos x 1

lim
cos x 1 cos x 1 x 0 sen 2 x

sen 2 x

sen 2 x

cos x 1 cos x 1
1

cos x 1 cos x 1

lim
x 0

sen 2 x

cos x 1

cos x 1

3
cos x 3 cos x 1 cos x 1
sen 2 x

cos x 3 cos x 1 cos x 1

1
1 6 4 1

2 2 6
24
12

, x h, x h , h 0
2
2

x
2

1 sen h
2
lim
2
h 0

2 h 2

1 senh.cos sen .cosh


2
2

lim
2
h 0
h

54. lim

x
2

cos x cos 2 x
1 cos x
cos x 1 2sen 2 x

53. lim
x 0

lim

cos x 3 cos x 1 cos x 1


1

1 cos x
1 cosx
2sen 2 x
lim
lim
x 0 1 cos x
x 0 1 cos x
sen 2 x 1 cos x
1 2 lim

x 0 1 cos x 1 cos x

x 0

sen 2 x 1 cos x
1 2 2 3
x 0
sen 2 x

1 2 lim

lim
h 0

1 senx

1 (cosh) 1 cosh

h2 1 cosh

1 cos 2 h
sen 2 h
1
1 1

lim
.lim
1
h 0 h 2 1 cosh
h 0 h 2
h 0 1 cosh
2 2

lim

1 2 cos x cos 2 x
x 0
x2
1 2 cosx 1 2 sen 2 x

55. lim
lim

x2

x 0

2 2 cos x
2 sen 2 x

lim
x 0
x 0
x2
x2

lim

1 cos x 1 cos x
senx
2 lim

2 lim

2
x 0
x

0
x
1 cos x
x
2

1
senx

senx
2 lim
2 lim

x 0
x 0
x 1 cos x
x
1
2 1 2 1 1
2

x 3x 2
x
x2 2
x5 3x3 2
lim
x
x5
x2 2
x5
x5 3x3 2
5 5
5
x 1 0 0
lim x 2 x
x
x
2
1 0
5
5
x
x
5

56. lim

4x 2
x 5 x 3
4x 2
lim
x
x
5x 3
x
4x 2

40 4
lim x x

x 5 x
3 50 5

x x

58. lim

59. lim

3x 2 2 x 1
x6

3x 2 2 x 1
x2
lim
x
x6
x
3x 2 2 x 1
2 2
2
x
x
lim x
x
x 6

x x
3 00

3
1 0
3x 2
x

60. lim

4 x 2 3x 1
3x7 2 x 2 3
57. lim
x
x8 1
3x7 2 x 2 3
lim
x
x8
x8 1
x8
3x7 2 x 2 3
8 8
8
x
lim x 8 x
x
x
1

x8 x8
000

0
1 0

Laboratorio de anlisis

x2
lim
x

3x 2
x
x
x
4 x 3x 1
x2
x2
x2
2

lim

3x 2

x x
x
x
3x 2 2 x 1

x2 x2 x2
x2
x2

3
3

2
4

Pgina 1

x x x5
x5

61. lim

lim

x x x5
x
x5
x

lim

x
x
x 5
2 4 4
x
x
x
x
=
x 5

x x

4 x3 2 x 2 5
=
x 8 x 2 x 2
2 5

x3 4 2
400
x x

=
=
lim
x
1 2
800
3
x 8 2 3
x
x

63. lim

1 0 0 0
= 1
1 0

x3 2 x 2 3x 4
62. lim 3
x 4 x 3 x 2 2 x 1
2 3 4
x3 1 2 3
x
x x
lim
=
x
3 2 1
3
x 4 2 3
x x
x

1 0 0 0
1
=
4000
4
64. lim

16 x 2 8 x 6 16 x 2 8 x 6
16 x 8 x 6 16 x 8 x 6

16 x 2 8 x 6 16 x 2 8 x 6

x 16
2
2

16 x 2 8 x 6 16 x 2 8 x 6
lim
x
8 6
8 6

16 x 2 8 x 6 16 x 2 8 x 6
x 16 x x 2 x 16 x x 2

16
16

=
= 8 = 2
16 16
16 x 2 8 x 6 16 x 2 8 x 6

16 x 2 8 x 6 16 x 2 8 x 6

lim
x

lim
x

16 x 12

lim
x
8 6
8 6

x 2 16 2 x 2 16 2
x x
x x

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 2

65. lim

x a x b x

x a x b x
x a x b x

= lim

lim

x a x b x

x a x b x
=

x 2 ax bx ab x

=
x 2 ax bx ab x
x a b ab
x
=
lim
2
x
x ax bx ab x
x
ab
a b
x
=
lim
x
a b ab x

1
2
x
x
x
a b
=
2
x

a b
1 1

x2 4 x
x2 4 x
=
x
x2 4 x

4
x2 4 x2
x
= lim
=
lim
2
2
x
x
x 4x
x 4x
x
4
0
0
x
lim
=
=
x
2
1 0 1
x2
4
x

2
x
x2 x
= 0
66. lim

67. lim

x 2x x 2x

x 2x x 2x

x 2 x x 2 x

x
lim
x
x

lim
x
x

lim
x
x
x

2 2

=
2

2x x 2 x
=
2 x x 2 x

2 2x

x
=

2x x 2x

2x

2
x

=
2
x
2

x
x
x

x2 x x2 9
x2 x x2 9

x
x2 x x2 9

2
2
x x x 9
= lim
=
2
2
x
x

x 9

x
=
lim
x
x2 x x2 9

x 9

x x
lim
=
x
2
2
1
x
9
x

2

2
2
x
x
x
x

68. lim

1
1

= 2
1 1

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 1

1
x

69. lim 1 sin x =

x 0

lim

x 0

lim 1 sin x 1

x 0

1x

72. lim sin x


x 0

sin x
x

sin a sin x sin x


=
lim

x 0 sin a sin x

e
70. lim cos x

1
x

x 0

e
e
e

sin a sin x
=
sin a sin x

lim cos x 1

x 0

1
x

cos x 1 cos x 1
lim

x 0
x cos x 1

cos 2 x 12
lim

x 0 x cos x 1

1 sin 2 x 1
lim

x 0 x cos x 1

sin a sin x 1
lim
1
sin x

x 0 sin a sin x

sin a sin x sin a sin x 1


lim

x 0
sin a sin x
sin x

2sin x
lim
x 0 sin x sin a sin x
lim

x 0

2 sin x
1

sin x sin a sin x

2 lim

x 0 sin a sin x

=
2
sin a

sin 2 x x
x 0 x cos x 1 x

lim

lim

x 0

sin 2 x
x
2
x cos x1

0
11

= 1

71. lim cos x x2 =


x 0

e
e

lim cos x 1

x 0

1
x2

cos2 x 1
lim 2
x 0 x cos x 1
lim

x 0

=
=

cos x 1 cos x 1
lim

x 2 cos x 1

x 0

1 sin 2 x 1
x 0 x 2 cos x1
lim

sin x
1
x 2 cos x1

Laboratorio de anlisis

1
11

1
e

Pgina 2

I. En los siguientes problemas, utilice la


definicin de continuidad para mostrar
que la funcin dad es continua en el punto
indicado

f x0 lim f x
x x0

1. f x x 3 8 x , x 2
f 2 2 8 2 8
3

4. f x 3 x , x 1
f 1 3 1 1
lim f x 3 1 1

x 1

f 1 lim f x
x 1

5. f x 2 x 3 , x 0

lim f x 2 8 2 8
3

x2

f 0 2 0 3 1 1

f 2 lim f x
x2

lim f x 2 0 3 1 1
x 0

3x 2
2. f x
,x 0
x2

f 0 lim f x
x 0

f 0

3 0
0
0 2
2

3 0
lim f x
0
x 0
0 2
2

f 0 lim f x
x 0

3. f x

x 3
, x 3
9x

3 3 6 2
9 3
27 9
3 3 6 2
lim f x
x 3
9 3
27 9
f 3 lim f x
x 3
f 3

x 8
6. f x
, x 2
x2

2 8 16 4
f 2
2 2 4
3

2 8 16 4
lim f x
x 2
2 2 4
f 2 lim f x
x 2
3

II. Encuentre los puntos de discontinuidad de las siguientes funciones e indique de que
tipo se trata

f x

P x
,Q x 0
Q x

P x P x0

, si Q x 0
x x0 Q x
Q x0
lim

1. f x

x4
x2

x2 0
x2
24 6


x 2
2 2 0
24 6
lim f x


x 2
2 2 0
f x es discontinua no evitable de segunda especie en x 2
lim f x

2. f x

x3
x2 9

x2 9 0

x 3 x 3 0
x 3, 3
En x 3
x 3
x 3
1
1
1
lim 2
lim
lim

x 3 x 9
x 3 x 3 x 3
x 3 x 3
3 3 6
F x es discontinua evitable en x 3
En x 3
x 3
x 3
1
1
1
lim 2
lim
lim


x 3 x 9
x 3 x 3 x 3
x 3 x 3
3 3 0
x 3
x 3
1
1
1
lim
lim


2
x 3 x 9
x 3 x 3 x 3
x 3 x 3
3 3 0
lim

F x es discontinua no evitable en x 3

3. F x

x2 4
x2 1

4. f x

x2 x 1
x2 1

x2 1 0

x2 1 0

x 1 x 1 0
x 1,1

x 1 x 1 0
x 1,1

En x 1

En x 1

lim

x 1

x2 4
x2 4

lim
x 2 1 x 1 x 1 x 1

12 4
5


0 2 0
lim

x 1

x2 4
x2 4

lim
x 2 1 x 1 x 1 x 1

1 4
5

0 2 0
2

f x es discontinua no evitable
de segunda especie en x 1
En x 1
x2 4
x2 4
lim 2
lim
x 1 x 1
x 1 x 1 x 1
12 4 5


2 0 0
lim

x 1

x2 4
x2 4

lim
x 2 1 x 1 x 1 x 1

12 4 5


2 0 0
f x es discontinua no evitble de
segunda especie en x 1

lim

x 1

x2 x 1
x2 x 1

lim
x 1 x 1 x 1
x2 1

1 1 1 3

0
2 0
2

lim

x 1

x2 x 1
x2 x 1

lim
x 1 x 1 x 1
x2 1

1 1 1 3
0
2 0
F x es discontinua no evitable
2

de segunda especie en x 1
En x 1
lim

x 1

12 1 1 1


0 2 0

lim

x 1

x2 x 1
x2 x 1

lim
x 1 x 1 x 1
x2 1

x2 x 1
x2 x 1

lim
x 1 x 1 x 1
x2 1

12 1 1 1


0 2 0

f x es discontinua no evitable
de segunda especie en x 1

5. f x

x2 4x
x 2 16

x 2 16 0

x 4 x 4 0
x 4, 4
En x 4
lim

x 4

x x 4
x2 4x
lim
2
x 16 x 4 x 4 x 4

lim
x 4

x
4

x 4 0

x x 4
x2 4x
lim 2
lim
x 4 x 16
x 4 x 4 x 4
lim
x 4

x
4

x 4 0

f x es discontinua enevitable
de segunda especie en x 4
En x 4
lim
x 4

x x 4
x2 4 x
lim
2
x 16 x 4 x 4 x 4

x
4 1
lim

x4 x 4
8 2
f x es discontinua no evitable
de primera especie en x 4

6. f x

x7
x3 x

x3 x 0
x x 2 1 0
x x 1 x 1 0
x 1, 0,1
En x 1
x7
x7
lim 3
lim
x 1 x x
x
x

x 1
1 x 1

1 7
8

1 0 2 0

lim

x 1

x7
x7
lim
3
x x x 1 x x 1 x 1

1 7
8

1 0 2 0

f x es discontinua no evitable
de segunda especie en x 1
En x 0
x7
x7
lim 3
lim
x 0 x x
x 0 x x 1 x 1

7
7


0 1 1 0

lim

x 0

x7
x7
lim
x 3 x x 0 x x 1 x 1

7
7

0 1 1 0

f x es discontinua inevitable
de segunda especie en x 0
En x 1
x7
x7
lim 3
lim
x 1 x x
x 1 x x 1 x 1

6
6

1 2 0 0

lim

x 1

x7
x7
lim
3
x

1
x x
x x 1 x 1

6
6

1 2 0 0

f x es discontinua inevitable
de segunda especie en x 1

Analice la discontinuidad en las siguientes


funciones

x2 1
, si x 1

1. f x x 1
2,
si x 1

f 1 2

4 x 1,

3. f x 5,
2 x 3,

f 1 5

lim 4 x 1 4 1 1 5

x 1

lim 2 x 3 2 1 3 5

x 1 x 1 lim x 1 2
x2 1
lim
lim

x 1 x 1
x 1
x 1
x 1
f x0 lim

lim f x 5

f x es continua en R

f x es continua en R

x x0

x 3x 2
,
si x 2

2. f x 2 x 4
2x 4 ,
si x 2
x 2 4
2 2 4 0
f 2 2

2 4
0
2
x 2 x 1
x 3x 2
lim
lim
x2
x2
2x 4
2 x 2
2

lim
x2

x 1 2 1 1

2
2
2

f x0 lim

x x0

f x es continua en R 2

si x 1
si x 1
si x 1

x 1
x 1

f x0 lim

x x0

x3 8
x2 ,

4. f x 3,
2 x 1,

si x 2
si x 2
si x 2

f 2 3

x 2 x2 2x 4
x3 8
lim
lim
x 2 x 2
x2
x2
2
2
lim x 2 x 4 2 2 2 4 16
x2

lim 2 x 1 2 2 1 3

x 2

lim f x
x2

f x0 lim

x x0

f x no escontinua en 2

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 1

x2 x 1 3
, si x 1

1
5. f x
2x 1 ,
si x 1
3
2 1 1 3
f 1
1
3
3
x2 x 1 3
x2 x 1 3 x2 x 1 3
lim
lim

x2 x 1 3
x 1
x 1
x 1
x 1

lim
x 1

lim
x 1

x2 x 1 3
x 1

x2 x 1 3

x 1 x 2
x 1 x 2 x 1

3
2 3

lim

x 1

x 1

lim
x 1

x2 x 2
x2 x 1 3
x2

x2 x 1 3

1 2

12 1 1 3

3 3 3 3

6
2

2 x 1 2 1 1 3

1
x 1
3
3
3
lim lim no existe lim
lim

x 1

x 1

x 1

f x es discontinua en x 1

4 x 2,

6. f x 3 x 2 x,
6 x,

si x 1
si 1 x 4
si x 4

f 1 3 1 1 2
2

lim 4 x 2 4 1 2 2

x 1

2 x 1,

7. f x 6,
4 x 3,

f 2 6

lim 2 x 1 2 2 1 5

lim 3 x 2 x 3 1 1 2

x 2

lim f 1

x 2

x 1

x 1

f x es continua en en x 1

lim f x 6

No existe lim , f x es discontinua no evitable


x 2

de primera especie en x 2

f 4 3 4 4 44

f 8 6

x 4

lim 3 x 2 x 3 4 4 44

x 8

x 4

lim 6 x 6 4 24

x 8

si x 2
si 2 x 8
si x 8

lim f x 6
lim 4 x 3 4 8 3 35

no existe lim

no existe lim

f x es discontinua inevitable

f x es discontinua inevitable

x 4

de primera especie en x 4

x 8

de primera especie en x 8

2 x 2 x 1,

8. f x x 1,
2 x,

si x 7
si 7 x 9
si x 9

f 7 7 1 8

lim 2 x 2 x 1 2 7 7 1 104
2

x 7

limx
1 7 1 8

x 7

No existe lim, f x es discontinua

x 2,
2
x 4
9. f x
,
x

5,
22 4 0
f 2
0
22 4
lim x 2 2 2 0

si 2 x 3
si x 3

x 2

lim

x 2

x 7

no evitable de primera especie en x 7

si x 2

x 2 4 22 4 0

0
x2
22 4

f 2 lim 0
x 2

f 9 9 1 10
lim x 1 9 1 10

x 9

lim 2 x 2 9 7

f x es continua en x 2
f 3 5

f x es discontinua inevitable

x 2 4 32 4 5
lim

1
x 3 x 2
3 2 5
lim 5 5

de primera especie en x 9

No existe lim; lim lim

x 9

no existe lim
x 9

x 3

x 3 x 3

x 3

f x es discontinua inevitable
de primera especie en x 3

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 1

x 1
si x 0
x3,

2x 1
10. f x
,
si 0 x 2
3

x 3 8,
si x 2

2 0 1 1
f 0

3
3
x 1 0 1 1
lim

x 0 x 3
03 3
2 0 1 1
lim

x 0
3
3
No existe lim, f x es discontinua

x 1
,

11. f x 3
x 2 15,

no evitable de primera especie en x 0

e x ,

12. f x 3x 2 1,
4 ln x,

x 0

f 2 23 8 0
2x 1 2 2 1
lim

1
x 2
3
3
lim x 3 8 23 8 0
x 2

no existe lim
x2

f x es discontinua inevitable
de primera especie en x 2

si x 4
si x 4

4 1
1
3
x 1 4 1
lim

1
x 4
3
3
f 4

lim x 2 15 4 15 1
2

x 4

lim f 4 1
x 4

f x es continua en x R

si x 0
si 0 x 1
si x 1

f 0 3 0 1 1
2

lim e x e0 1

x 0

lim 3x 2 1 3 0 1 1
2

x 0

f 0 lim 1
x 0

f x es continua en x 0
f 1 4 ln 1 4 0 4
lim 3x 2 1 3 1 1 4
2

x 1

lim 4 ln x 4 ln 1 4 0 4

x 1

f 1 lim 4
x 1

f x es continua en x 1

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 2

IV. Calcule el valor de las constantes, sabiendo que las funciones continuas en todo
su dominio.

ax 3,
1) f ( x)
3 ax,

si x 1

si x 1

f (1) f (1) ax 3 a 3

lim f ( x) lim ax 3 a 3
x 1
x 1
entonces a 3 3 a , donde a 0 y lim f (x) 3
x 1
x 1
lim
f
(
x
)

lim
3 ax 3 a
x 1

x 1
lim f ( x) f (1)

lim f (x)

x 1

3 3 es continua

x 2 a, si x 1
2) f ( x)

si x 1
3
f (1) f (1) 3

lim f ( x) lim 3 3

x 1
x 1
entonces x 2 a 3, donde a 2
2
x 1
lim f ( x) lim x a 1 a

x 1
x 1
lim f ( x) f (1)

lim f (x)

x 1

3 3 es continua

2ax 2 4b,

3) f ( x) 6
,
3ax 2b ,

si x 2

si 2 x 4

si x 4

3 b 3 2b

6
4
12 4b 18 12b
16b 6
3
b
8

3 2b
4
3
a 3 2
8
9
a
8

f (2) f (2) 6

lim f ( x) lim 6 6
3 2b
x 2
x 2
lim f (x)
entonces 8a 4b 6, donde a
2
x 2
4
lim f ( x) lim 2ax 4b 8a 4b

x 2
x 2
lim f ( x) f (2)

x2

6 6 es continua
f (4) f (4) 6

lim f ( x) lim 6 6
3b
x4
x4
lim f (x)
entonces 12a 2b 6, donde a
x4
f ( x) lim 3ax 2b 12a 2b
6
xlim
4
x 4
lim f ( x) f (4)
x4

6 6 es continua

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 1

ax 2 2b 5, si x 1

4) f ( x) 8 x 2
, si 1 x 3
ax b 2 , si x 3

24 b
11 2b
3
33 6b 24 b
9 5b
9
b
5

11 2b a
9
11 2 a
5
55 18
a
5
37
a
5

f (1) f (1) 8 x 2 6

lim f ( x) lim 8 x 2 6
x1
x 1
lim f (x)
entonces a 2b 5 6, donde a 11 2b
x 1
lim f ( x) lim ax 2 2b 5 a 2b 5

x 1
x1

lim f ( x) f (1)
x 1

6 6 es continua
f (3) f (3) 8 x 2 22

lim f ( x) lim 8 x 2 22

24 b
x 3
x 3
lim f (x)
entonces 3a b 2 22, donde a
x 3
lim f ( x) lim ax b 2 3a b 2
3

x 3
x 3
lim f ( x) f (3)
x 3

22 22 es continua

x 2a , si x 2

5) f ( x) 3ax b , si 2 x 1
6 x 2b , si x 1

b2
2b
8
b 2 16 8b
9b 14
14
b
9

a 2b
14
a 2
9
4
a
9

f (2) f (2) 3ax b b 6a

lim f ( x) lim 3ax b b 6a

b2
x 2
x 2
entonces 2a 2 b 6a , donde a
lim f (x)
x 2
lim f ( x) lim x 2a 2a 2
8

x 2
x 2
lim f ( x) f (2)
x 2

14
4 10
6
es continua
9
9
9
f (1) f (1) 3ax b 3a b

b 6a

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 2

lim f ( x) lim 3ax b 3a b

x 1
x 1
lim f (x)
entonces 3a b 6 2b , donde a 2 b
x 1
lim f ( x) lim 6 x 2b 6 2b

x 1
x 1

lim f ( x) f (1)
x 1

b 3a

14 4 26
3
es continua
9
9 9

1 b
3
3b 12 1 b
4b 11
11
b
4

b4

3x 1

6) f ( x) ax b
4 x ,

si x 1

, si 1 x 3

si x 3

b4 a
11

4 a
4
5
a
4

f (1) f (1) ax b b a

lim f ( x) lim ax b b a

x 1
x 1
entonces b a 4, donde a b 4
x 1
lim
f
(
x
)

lim
3
x

x 1
x 1
lim f ( x) f (1)

lim f (x)

x 1

b a 4 es continua
f (3) f (3) 4 x 1

lim f ( x) lim 4 x 1

1 b
x 3
x 3
lim f (x)
entonces 3a b 1, donde a
x 3
lim f ( x) lim ax b 3a b
3

x 3
x 3
lim f ( x) f (3)
x 3

4 x 1 es continua

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 3

,
2 a
7) f ( x) 2

x 3a 5,

si x 1

si x 1

1
f (1) f ( 1) 2 x a a
2
1 2a

f ( x) lim 2 x a
1 2a
11
xlim

x 1
2
entonces
6 3a , donde a
lim f (x) 1
x 1
2
4
lim f ( x) lim x 2 3a 5 6 3a
x 1
x 1
lim f ( x) f (1)
x 1

2x a

1 11
9
es continua
2 4
4

, si x 1
x 1

8) f ( x) 4
, si 1 x 2
2bx 8 , si x 2

f (1) f (1) 4

lim f ( x) lim 4 4

x 1
x 1
entonces 4 2, donde no es continua
lim f (x)
x 1
lim f ( x) lim x 1 2

x 1
x 1
f (2) f (2) 2bx 8 4b 8

lim f ( x) lim 2bx 8 4b 8


x 2
x 2
lim f (x)
entonces 4b 8 4, dondeb 3
x2
lim
f
(
x
)

lim
4

4
x 2
x 2
lim f ( x) f (2)
x 2

2bx 8 4 2 3 2 8 4 es continua

ax 2 3x 1, si x 1

9) f ( x) x 2 1

, si x 1

3x 1 2

f (1) f (1) ax 2 3x 1 a 2

lim f ( x) lim ax 2 3x 1 a 2
x 1
x 1
8
2
2
lim f (x)
entonces a 2 , donde a
x

1
8
x 1
3
3

lim f ( x) lim
x 1
x 1
3
3x 1 2

lim f ( x) f (1)
x 1

8
2
a 2 2 es continua
3
3

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 4

mx 2 2n 1 ,

10) f ( x) 2 x 1
,
n 3mx 3 ,

si x 2

si x 2
si x 2

2n
2n

2
6
6 3n 2 n
8 4n
n2

2n
m
2
22
m
2
0m

f (2) f (2) 2 x 1 5

lim f ( x) lim 2 x 1 5
2n
x 2
x 2
lim f (x)
entonces 5 4m 2n 1, donde m
2
x 2
2
lim f ( x) lim mx 2n 1 4m 2n 1

x 2
x 2

lim f (2) f (2)


x 2

5 4m 2n 1 es continua
f (2) f (2) 2 x 1 5

lim f ( x) lim n 3mx 3 n 6m 3


2n
x 2
x 2
lim f (x)
entonces 5 n 6m 3 , donde m
x 2
f ( x) lim 2 x 1 5
6
xlim
2
x 2
lim f (2) f (2)
x 2

5 n 6m 3 es continua

2m x

11) f ( x) x3 27
2
x 3x

,
,

si x 3

si x 3

f (3) f (3) 2m x 2m 3

lim f ( x) lim 2m x 2m 3
x 3
x3
lim f (x)
entonces 2m 3 9 , donde m 39
x3 27
x 3
lim f ( x) lim 2
9
x 3 x 3 x
x 3
lim f (3) f (3)

x 2

9 2m 3 es continua

, si x 1
x 3
12) f ( x) 2

, si x 1
2 x a
f (1) f (1) x 3 2
lim f ( x) lim x 3 2
x1
x 1
lim f (x)
entonces 2 2 a , donde a 0
2
x 1
lim
f
(
x
)

lim
2
x

x 1
x1

lim f (1) f ( 1)

x 1

2 2 a es continua

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 5

, si x 1
3 x a
2

13) f ( x) 2 x bx a , si 1 x 2
3x 1

, si x 2

5 b
1 2b
2
2 4b 5 b
3 5b
3
b
5

1 2b a
3
1 2 a
5
5 6
a
5
11
a
5

f (1) f (1) 3x a 3 a

lim f ( x) lim 3x a a 3
5 b
x1
x 1
lim f (x)
entonces a 3 2 b a , donde a
2
x 1
2
lim f ( x) lim 2 x bx a 2 b a

x 1
x1

lim f (1) f (1)

x 1

26
11
3x a 3
es continua
5
5
f (2) f (2) 3x 1 7
lim f ( x) lim 3x 1 7
x 2
x 2
lim f (x)
entonces 8 2b a 7 , donde a 1 2b
x 2
lim f ( x) lim 2 x 2 bx a 8 2b a

x 2
x 2
lim f (2) f (2)
x2

3x 1 3(2) 1 7 es continua

Laboratorio de anlisis

Pgina 6