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Self
healing
Self-healing
Consumer participation
Resist attack
High quality power
Accommodate generation options
Enable electricity markets
Optimize assets
Enable high penetration of intermittent
generation options.
options

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g and reliability
y:
Transmission monitoring
Real time monitoring of grid conditions.
Improved automated diagnosis of grid disturbances and
better aids for the operators to respond grid problems.
Automated responses to grid failure that will isolate
disturbed zones and prevent or limit cascading blackouts.
Plug and play ability to connect new generating plants to
the grid, reducing the need for the time consuming
interconnection studies.
Th automatic
The
t
ti restoration
t ti off power and
d ability
bilit tto reroute
t
power to outage locations.
Enhancing ability to manage large amounts of solar and
wind power.
power

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Consumer energy management :


Ability to signal home-owners and businesses that power is
expensive and/or tight in supply.
Allow the utility to automatically reduce the consumers
electricity
y consumption
p
when p
power is expensive
p
or scarce.
This would be managed through the link between the smart
meters and customers equipment or appliances.
The smart grid system would automatically
detect distribution line failures, identify the specific failed
equipment, and help determine the optimal plans for
dispatching crews to restore service.
service
Easier to install distributed generation such as rooftop solar
panels, and to allow net metering, a rate making approach
that allows operators of distributed generators to sell surplus
power to utilities.

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Policy - makers are the federal and state


regulators responsible for ensuring the
policies for modernization efforts and
p
mediating the needs of all parties.
The p
primary
y benefit of smart g
grid development
p
to these stakeholders concerns the measures
of energy prices, reduced dependence on
foreign oil, increased efficiency, and
reliability of power supply.

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Cyber Security
- Defines standard and protocol
Intersystem Communications
- Identify standards for common information models
for communication among all elements
Wide - Area Situational Awareness
- Equipment that gives a complete view of the systems so
that monitoring and operating systems with more
efficient
ff
way.
Coordination of power systems
- Identify
Id tif standards
t d d d
development
l
t th
thatt h
help
l tto
accommodate the introduction and expansion of
renewable resources, demand response, and electricity
storage to address several bulk power system challenges.
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Installation and implementation of power grid


technologies.
continual improvement
p
of associated
features such as customer service, energy
conservation, and economic efficiency.
y
Like POWER Grid, TNEB & other state utilities

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Installation and implementation of Renewable


power technologies.
Linking
g with Utility
yg
grid.
Like ADANI, GMR & private agencies.

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Development of tools and technologies for the


smart grid
Direction guides to the development of new
strategies, technologies, analytical capabilities,
and computational tools for operating and
planning practices that will support an
adaptive,
d ti
reliable,
li bl and
d stable
t bl power grid.
id
Provision of information technology (IT)
equipment for the smart grid.
grid
Like IBM, CISCO, ETAP, SKM & other similar
g
agencies

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Providing Financial assistance for the


development of power system networks and
infrastructure.
Like JIICA, PFC, NABARD & other similar
agencies

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Manufacturing & supplying of Equipments,


tools and technologies for the smart grid.
grid
SCADA systems, Softwares, PMUs, Numerical
Relays Communication equipments & etc
Relays,
etc.
Like ABB,
ABB Siemens
Siemens, Alstom & other similar
agencies

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Consumer input and participation, consumer


buy-in etc.
Domestic & Commercial consumers.

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Performance Definition:
The smart grid is an advanced digital
yp
power flow p
power system
y
capable
p
of
two - way
self - healing, and adaptive, resilient, and
sustainable, with foresight for prediction under
different uncertainties. It is equipped for
interoperability with present and future
standards of components,
components devices,
devices and systems
that are cyber - secured against malicious
attack.

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A performance definition inclusive of following attributes:


Assess grid health in real time
Predict behavior, anticipate
Adapt to new environments like distributed resources and
renewable energy resources
Handle stochastic demand and respond to smart
appliances
li
Provide self - correction, reconfiguration, and restoration
Handle randomness of loads and market participants in
real time
Create more complex interactive behavior with intelligent
devices, communication protocols, and standard and
smart algorithms
g
to improve
p
smart communication and
transportation systems.

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Architectural framework is partitioned into


subsystems with layers of intelligence and
technology and new tools and innovations.
It
involves
bulk
power
generation,
transmission, distribution, and end user level
off the
th electric
l t i power system.
t

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a) Smart Devices Interface Component


- Smart devices for monitoring and control form part of
the generation components real time information
processes.
b) Storage Component
- Due
ue to tthee variability
a ab ty o
of renewable
e e ab e eenergy
e gy aand
d the
t e
disjoint between peak availability and peak
consumption, it is important to store the generated
energy for later use.
- Options for energy storage technologies include
pumped hydro, advance batteries, flow batteries,
compressed air, super - conducting magnetic energy
storage,
t
super capacitors,
it
and
d fl
flywheels.
h l

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c) Transmission Subsystem Component


- Interconnects all major substation and load centers is the
backbone of an integrated power system.
- Efficiency and reliability at an affordable cost continue to be
the ultimate aims of transmission planners and operators.
operators
- Real time monitoring based on PMU, state estimators
sensors, and communication technologies are the transmission
subsystem
y
intelligent
g
enabling
g tools for developing
g smart
transmission
i i ffunctionality.
i
li
d) Monitoring and Control Technology Component
- Intelligent
I t lli
t transmission
t
i i systems/assets
t
/
t include
i l d a smartt
intelligent network, self - monitoring and self - healing, and
the adaptability and predictability of generation and demand
robust enough
g to handle congestion,
g
, instability,
y, and reliability
y
issues.
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g
y
p
e)Intelligent
Grid Distribution Subsystem
Component
- Final stage in the transmission of power to end users.
- Primary feeders at this voltage level supply small
industrial customers and secondary distribution feeders
supply residential and commercial customers.
- At the distribution level, intelligent support schemes will
have monitoring capabilities for automation using smart
meters, communication links between consumers and utility
control, energy
gy management
g
components,
p
and AMI. The
automation function will be equipped with self - learning
capability, including modules for fault detection, voltage
optimization and load transfer, automatic billing, restoration
and
d feeder
f d reconfiguration,
fi
ti
and
d reall time
ti
pricing.
i i

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e) Demand Side Management Component


- Modifying the consumer demand to cut operating
expenses from expensive generators and defer capacity
addition.
- Provides informations regarding reduced emissions in fuel
production, lower costs, and contribute to reliability of
generation.
- A standard protocol for customer delivery with two - way
information highway technologies as the enabler is needed. - Plug - and - play, smart energy buildings and smart
homes, demand - side meters, clean air requirements, and
customer interfaces for better energy efficiency will be in
place.

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