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# Exemplar ProblemsPhysics

Chapter Five

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MAGNETISM AND
MATTER

MCQ I
5.1

## A toroid of n turns, mean radius R and cross-sectional radius a

carries current I. It is placed on a horizontal table taken as
x-y plane. Its magnetic moment m
(a) is non-zero and points in the z-direction by symmetry.
(b) points along the axis of the tortoid ( m = m ).

1
at large
r3

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5.2

## The magnetic field of Earth can be modelled by that of a point dipole

placed at the centre of the Earth. The dipole axis makes an angle of
11.3 with the axis of Earth. At Mumbai, declination is nearly zero.
Then,

## (a) the declination varies between 11.3 W to 11.3 E.

(b) the least declination is 0.

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## Magnetism and Matter

(c) the plane defined by dipole axis and Earth axis passes through
Greenwich.
(d) declination averaged over Earth must be always negative.
5.3

5.4

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## (a) magnetic moment of each molecule is zero.

(b) the individual molecules have non-zero magnetic moment
which are all perfectly aligned.
(c) domains are partially aligned.
(d) domains are all perfectly aligned.

## Consider the two idealized systems: (i) a parallel plate capacitor

with large plates and small separation and (ii) a long solenoid of
length L >> R, radius of cross-section. In (i) E is ideally treated as
a constant between plates and zero outside. In (ii) magnetic field is
constant inside the solenoid and zero outside. These idealised
assumptions, however, contradict fundamental laws as below:
(a) case (i) contradicts Gausss law for electrostatic fields.
(b) case (ii) contradicts Gausss law for magnetic fields.

E.dl = 0 .
H.dl = I en

(d)
5.5

## A paramagnetic sample shows a net magnetisation of 8 Am1 when

placed in an external magnetic field of 0.6T at a temperature of
4K. When the same sample is placed in an external magnetic field
of 0.2 T at a temperature of 16 K, the magnetisation will be
(a)

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Am 1
3

(b)

2
Am 1
3

(c) 6 Am 1

(d) 2.4 Am 1 .

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MCQ II
5.6

## S is the surface of a lump of magnetic material.

(a) Lines of B are necessarily continuous across S.

## (b) Some lines of B must be discontinuous across S.

(c) Lines of H are necessarily continuous across S.
(d) Lines of H cannot all be continuous across S.

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Exemplar ProblemsPhysics
5.7

## The primary origin(s) of magnetism lies in

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

5.8

atomic currents.
Pauli exclusion principle.
polar nature of molecules.
intrinsic spin of electron.

A long solenoid has 1000 turns per metre and carries a current of

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## 1 A. It has a soft iron core of r = 1000 . The core is heated beyond

the Curie temperature, Tc.
(a) The H field in the solenoid is (nearly) unchanged but the B field
decreases drastically.

## (b) The H and B fields in the solenoid are nearly unchanged.

(c) The magnetisation in the core reverses direction.
(d) The magnetisation in the core diminishes by a factor of

5.9

## Essential difference between electrostatic shielding by a conducting

shell and magnetostatic shielding is due to

(a) electrostatic field lines can end on charges and conductors have
free charges.
(b) lines of B can also end but conductors cannot end them.
(c) lines of B cannot end on any material and perfect shielding is
not possible.
(d) shells of high permeability materials can be used to divert lines
of B from the interior region.

## 5.10 Let the magnetic field on earth be modelled by that of a point

magnetic dipole at the centre of earth. The angle of dip at a point on
the geographical equator
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

is always zero.
can be zero at specific points.
can be positive or negative.
is bounded.

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VSA

5.11 A proton has spin and magnetic moment just like an electron. Why
then its effect is neglected in magnetism of materials?
5.12 A permanent magnet in the shape of a thin cylinder of length 10 cm
has M = 106 A/m. Calculate the magnetisation current IM.
5.13 Explain quantitatively the order of magnitude difference between the
diamagnetic susceptibility of N2 (~5 109) (at STP) and Cu (~105).

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## 5.14 From molecular view point, discuss the temperature dependence

of susceptibility for diamagnetism, paramagnetism and
ferromagnetism.

SA

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## 5.15 A ball of superconducting material is dipped in liquid nitrogen and

placed near a bar magnet. (i) In which direction will it move?
(ii) What will be the direction of its magnetic moment?

5.16 Verify the Gausss law for magnetic field of a point dipole of dipole
moment m at the origin for the surface which is a sphere of radius R.

5.17 Three identical bar magnets are rivetted together at centre in the
same plane as shown in Fig. 5.1. This system is placed at rest in a
slowly varying magnetic field. It is found that the system of magnets
does not show any motion. The north-south poles of one magnet is
shown in the Fig. 5.1. Determine the poles of the remaining two.

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## 5.18 Suppose we want to verify the analogy between electrostatic and

magnetostatic by an explicit experiment. Consider the motion of
(i) electric dipole p in an electrostatic field E and (ii) magnetic dipole
m in a magnetic field B. Write down a set of conditions on E, B, p,
m so that the two motions are verified to be identical. (Assume
identical initial conditions.)

Fig. 5.1

## 5.19 A bar magnet of magnetic moment m and moment of inertia I (about

centre, perpendicular to length) is cut into two equal pieces,
perpendicular to length. Let T be the period of oscillations of the
original magnet about an axis through the mid point, perpendicular
to length, in a magnetic field B. What would be the similar period T
for each piece?
5.20 Use (i) the Amperes law for H and (ii) continuity of lines of B, to
conclude that inside a bar magnet, (a) lines of H run from the N pole
to S pole, while (b) lines of B must run from the S pole to N pole.

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LA

5.21 Verify the Amperes law for magnetic field of a point dipole of dipole
. Take C as the closed curve running clockwise
moment m = m k
along (i) the z-axis from z = a > 0 to z = R; (ii) along the quarter circle
of radius R and centre at the origin, in the first quadrant of x-z
plane; (iii) along the x-axis from x = R to x = a, and (iv) along the
quarter circle of radius a and centre at the origin in the first quadrant
of x-z plane.

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Exemplar ProblemsPhysics
5.22 What are the dimensions of , the magnetic susceptibility? Consider
an H-atom. Guess an expression for , upto a constant by
constructing a quantity of dimensions of , out of parameters of
the atom: e, m, v, R and 0 . Here, m is the electronic mass, v is
electronic velocity, R is Bohr radius. Estimate the number so
obtained and compare with the value of ~ 10 5 for many
solid materials.
5.23 Assume the dipole model for earths magnetic field B which is given

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0 2m cos
4
r3
0 sin m
BH = Horizontal component of magnetic field =
4
r3

## = 90 lattitude as measured from magnetic equator.

Find loci of points for which (i) B is minimum; (ii) dip angle is zero;
and (iii) dip angle is 45.

5.24 Consider the plane S formed by the dipole axis and the axis of earth.
Let P be point on the magnetic equator and in S. Let Q be the point
of intersection of the geographical and magnetic equators. Obtain
the declination and dip angles at P and Q.

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5.25 There are two current carrying planar coils made each from identical
wires of length L. C1 is circular (radius R ) and C2 is square (side a).
They are so constructed that they have same frequency of oscillation
when they are placed in the same uniform B and carry the same
current. Find a in terms of R.

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