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Exemplar ProblemsPhysics

Chapter Five

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MAGNETISM AND
MATTER

MCQ I
5.1

A toroid of n turns, mean radius R and cross-sectional radius a


carries current I. It is placed on a horizontal table taken as
x-y plane. Its magnetic moment m
(a) is non-zero and points in the z-direction by symmetry.
(b) points along the axis of the tortoid ( m = m ).

(c) is zero, otherwise there would be a field falling as

1
at large
r3

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distances outside the toroid.


(d) is pointing radially outwards.

5.2

The magnetic field of Earth can be modelled by that of a point dipole


placed at the centre of the Earth. The dipole axis makes an angle of
11.3 with the axis of Earth. At Mumbai, declination is nearly zero.
Then,

(a) the declination varies between 11.3 W to 11.3 E.


(b) the least declination is 0.

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Magnetism and Matter

(c) the plane defined by dipole axis and Earth axis passes through
Greenwich.
(d) declination averaged over Earth must be always negative.
5.3

In a permanent magnet at room temperature

5.4

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(a) magnetic moment of each molecule is zero.


(b) the individual molecules have non-zero magnetic moment
which are all perfectly aligned.
(c) domains are partially aligned.
(d) domains are all perfectly aligned.

Consider the two idealized systems: (i) a parallel plate capacitor


with large plates and small separation and (ii) a long solenoid of
length L >> R, radius of cross-section. In (i) E is ideally treated as
a constant between plates and zero outside. In (ii) magnetic field is
constant inside the solenoid and zero outside. These idealised
assumptions, however, contradict fundamental laws as below:
(a) case (i) contradicts Gausss law for electrostatic fields.
(b) case (ii) contradicts Gausss law for magnetic fields.

E.dl = 0 .
case (ii) contradicts
H.dl = I en

(c) case (i) agrees with


(d)
5.5

A paramagnetic sample shows a net magnetisation of 8 Am1 when


placed in an external magnetic field of 0.6T at a temperature of
4K. When the same sample is placed in an external magnetic field
of 0.2 T at a temperature of 16 K, the magnetisation will be
(a)

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Am 1
3

(b)

2
Am 1
3

(c) 6 Am 1

(d) 2.4 Am 1 .

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MCQ II
5.6

S is the surface of a lump of magnetic material.


(a) Lines of B are necessarily continuous across S.

(b) Some lines of B must be discontinuous across S.


(c) Lines of H are necessarily continuous across S.
(d) Lines of H cannot all be continuous across S.

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Exemplar ProblemsPhysics
5.7

The primary origin(s) of magnetism lies in


(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

5.8

atomic currents.
Pauli exclusion principle.
polar nature of molecules.
intrinsic spin of electron.

A long solenoid has 1000 turns per metre and carries a current of

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1 A. It has a soft iron core of r = 1000 . The core is heated beyond


the Curie temperature, Tc.
(a) The H field in the solenoid is (nearly) unchanged but the B field
decreases drastically.

(b) The H and B fields in the solenoid are nearly unchanged.


(c) The magnetisation in the core reverses direction.
(d) The magnetisation in the core diminishes by a factor of
about 10 8.

5.9

Essential difference between electrostatic shielding by a conducting


shell and magnetostatic shielding is due to

(a) electrostatic field lines can end on charges and conductors have
free charges.
(b) lines of B can also end but conductors cannot end them.
(c) lines of B cannot end on any material and perfect shielding is
not possible.
(d) shells of high permeability materials can be used to divert lines
of B from the interior region.

5.10 Let the magnetic field on earth be modelled by that of a point


magnetic dipole at the centre of earth. The angle of dip at a point on
the geographical equator
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

is always zero.
can be zero at specific points.
can be positive or negative.
is bounded.

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VSA

5.11 A proton has spin and magnetic moment just like an electron. Why
then its effect is neglected in magnetism of materials?
5.12 A permanent magnet in the shape of a thin cylinder of length 10 cm
has M = 106 A/m. Calculate the magnetisation current IM.
5.13 Explain quantitatively the order of magnitude difference between the
diamagnetic susceptibility of N2 (~5 109) (at STP) and Cu (~105).

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Magnetism and Matter

5.14 From molecular view point, discuss the temperature dependence


of susceptibility for diamagnetism, paramagnetism and
ferromagnetism.

SA

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5.15 A ball of superconducting material is dipped in liquid nitrogen and


placed near a bar magnet. (i) In which direction will it move?
(ii) What will be the direction of its magnetic moment?

5.16 Verify the Gausss law for magnetic field of a point dipole of dipole
moment m at the origin for the surface which is a sphere of radius R.

5.17 Three identical bar magnets are rivetted together at centre in the
same plane as shown in Fig. 5.1. This system is placed at rest in a
slowly varying magnetic field. It is found that the system of magnets
does not show any motion. The north-south poles of one magnet is
shown in the Fig. 5.1. Determine the poles of the remaining two.

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5.18 Suppose we want to verify the analogy between electrostatic and


magnetostatic by an explicit experiment. Consider the motion of
(i) electric dipole p in an electrostatic field E and (ii) magnetic dipole
m in a magnetic field B. Write down a set of conditions on E, B, p,
m so that the two motions are verified to be identical. (Assume
identical initial conditions.)

Fig. 5.1

5.19 A bar magnet of magnetic moment m and moment of inertia I (about


centre, perpendicular to length) is cut into two equal pieces,
perpendicular to length. Let T be the period of oscillations of the
original magnet about an axis through the mid point, perpendicular
to length, in a magnetic field B. What would be the similar period T
for each piece?
5.20 Use (i) the Amperes law for H and (ii) continuity of lines of B, to
conclude that inside a bar magnet, (a) lines of H run from the N pole
to S pole, while (b) lines of B must run from the S pole to N pole.

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LA

5.21 Verify the Amperes law for magnetic field of a point dipole of dipole
. Take C as the closed curve running clockwise
moment m = m k
along (i) the z-axis from z = a > 0 to z = R; (ii) along the quarter circle
of radius R and centre at the origin, in the first quadrant of x-z
plane; (iii) along the x-axis from x = R to x = a, and (iv) along the
quarter circle of radius a and centre at the origin in the first quadrant
of x-z plane.

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Exemplar ProblemsPhysics
5.22 What are the dimensions of , the magnetic susceptibility? Consider
an H-atom. Guess an expression for , upto a constant by
constructing a quantity of dimensions of , out of parameters of
the atom: e, m, v, R and 0 . Here, m is the electronic mass, v is
electronic velocity, R is Bohr radius. Estimate the number so
obtained and compare with the value of ~ 10 5 for many
solid materials.
5.23 Assume the dipole model for earths magnetic field B which is given

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0 2m cos
4
r3
0 sin m
BH = Horizontal component of magnetic field =
4
r3

by BV = vertical component of magnetic field =

= 90 lattitude as measured from magnetic equator.


Find loci of points for which (i) B is minimum; (ii) dip angle is zero;
and (iii) dip angle is 45.

5.24 Consider the plane S formed by the dipole axis and the axis of earth.
Let P be point on the magnetic equator and in S. Let Q be the point
of intersection of the geographical and magnetic equators. Obtain
the declination and dip angles at P and Q.

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5.25 There are two current carrying planar coils made each from identical
wires of length L. C1 is circular (radius R ) and C2 is square (side a).
They are so constructed that they have same frequency of oscillation
when they are placed in the same uniform B and carry the same
current. Find a in terms of R.

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