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Chapter Five

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MAGNETISM AND

MATTER

MCQ I

5.1

carries current I. It is placed on a horizontal table taken as

x-y plane. Its magnetic moment m

(a) is non-zero and points in the z-direction by symmetry.

(b) points along the axis of the tortoid ( m = m ).

1

at large

r3

no

(d) is pointing radially outwards.

5.2

placed at the centre of the Earth. The dipole axis makes an angle of

11.3 with the axis of Earth. At Mumbai, declination is nearly zero.

Then,

(b) the least declination is 0.

28

(c) the plane defined by dipole axis and Earth axis passes through

Greenwich.

(d) declination averaged over Earth must be always negative.

5.3

5.4

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(b) the individual molecules have non-zero magnetic moment

which are all perfectly aligned.

(c) domains are partially aligned.

(d) domains are all perfectly aligned.

with large plates and small separation and (ii) a long solenoid of

length L >> R, radius of cross-section. In (i) E is ideally treated as

a constant between plates and zero outside. In (ii) magnetic field is

constant inside the solenoid and zero outside. These idealised

assumptions, however, contradict fundamental laws as below:

(a) case (i) contradicts Gausss law for electrostatic fields.

(b) case (ii) contradicts Gausss law for magnetic fields.

E.dl = 0 .

case (ii) contradicts

H.dl = I en

(d)

5.5

placed in an external magnetic field of 0.6T at a temperature of

4K. When the same sample is placed in an external magnetic field

of 0.2 T at a temperature of 16 K, the magnetisation will be

(a)

32

Am 1

3

(b)

2

Am 1

3

(c) 6 Am 1

(d) 2.4 Am 1 .

no

MCQ II

5.6

(a) Lines of B are necessarily continuous across S.

(c) Lines of H are necessarily continuous across S.

(d) Lines of H cannot all be continuous across S.

29

Exemplar ProblemsPhysics

5.7

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

5.8

atomic currents.

Pauli exclusion principle.

polar nature of molecules.

intrinsic spin of electron.

A long solenoid has 1000 turns per metre and carries a current of

tt

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the Curie temperature, Tc.

(a) The H field in the solenoid is (nearly) unchanged but the B field

decreases drastically.

(c) The magnetisation in the core reverses direction.

(d) The magnetisation in the core diminishes by a factor of

about 10 8.

5.9

shell and magnetostatic shielding is due to

(a) electrostatic field lines can end on charges and conductors have

free charges.

(b) lines of B can also end but conductors cannot end them.

(c) lines of B cannot end on any material and perfect shielding is

not possible.

(d) shells of high permeability materials can be used to divert lines

of B from the interior region.

magnetic dipole at the centre of earth. The angle of dip at a point on

the geographical equator

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

is always zero.

can be zero at specific points.

can be positive or negative.

is bounded.

no

VSA

5.11 A proton has spin and magnetic moment just like an electron. Why

then its effect is neglected in magnetism of materials?

5.12 A permanent magnet in the shape of a thin cylinder of length 10 cm

has M = 106 A/m. Calculate the magnetisation current IM.

5.13 Explain quantitatively the order of magnitude difference between the

diamagnetic susceptibility of N2 (~5 109) (at STP) and Cu (~105).

30

of susceptibility for diamagnetism, paramagnetism and

ferromagnetism.

SA

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placed near a bar magnet. (i) In which direction will it move?

(ii) What will be the direction of its magnetic moment?

5.16 Verify the Gausss law for magnetic field of a point dipole of dipole

moment m at the origin for the surface which is a sphere of radius R.

5.17 Three identical bar magnets are rivetted together at centre in the

same plane as shown in Fig. 5.1. This system is placed at rest in a

slowly varying magnetic field. It is found that the system of magnets

does not show any motion. The north-south poles of one magnet is

shown in the Fig. 5.1. Determine the poles of the remaining two.

60

60

magnetostatic by an explicit experiment. Consider the motion of

(i) electric dipole p in an electrostatic field E and (ii) magnetic dipole

m in a magnetic field B. Write down a set of conditions on E, B, p,

m so that the two motions are verified to be identical. (Assume

identical initial conditions.)

Fig. 5.1

centre, perpendicular to length) is cut into two equal pieces,

perpendicular to length. Let T be the period of oscillations of the

original magnet about an axis through the mid point, perpendicular

to length, in a magnetic field B. What would be the similar period T

for each piece?

5.20 Use (i) the Amperes law for H and (ii) continuity of lines of B, to

conclude that inside a bar magnet, (a) lines of H run from the N pole

to S pole, while (b) lines of B must run from the S pole to N pole.

no

LA

5.21 Verify the Amperes law for magnetic field of a point dipole of dipole

. Take C as the closed curve running clockwise

moment m = m k

along (i) the z-axis from z = a > 0 to z = R; (ii) along the quarter circle

of radius R and centre at the origin, in the first quadrant of x-z

plane; (iii) along the x-axis from x = R to x = a, and (iv) along the

quarter circle of radius a and centre at the origin in the first quadrant

of x-z plane.

31

Exemplar ProblemsPhysics

5.22 What are the dimensions of , the magnetic susceptibility? Consider

an H-atom. Guess an expression for , upto a constant by

constructing a quantity of dimensions of , out of parameters of

the atom: e, m, v, R and 0 . Here, m is the electronic mass, v is

electronic velocity, R is Bohr radius. Estimate the number so

obtained and compare with the value of ~ 10 5 for many

solid materials.

5.23 Assume the dipole model for earths magnetic field B which is given

tt

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0 2m cos

4

r3

0 sin m

BH = Horizontal component of magnetic field =

4

r3

Find loci of points for which (i) B is minimum; (ii) dip angle is zero;

and (iii) dip angle is 45.

5.24 Consider the plane S formed by the dipole axis and the axis of earth.

Let P be point on the magnetic equator and in S. Let Q be the point

of intersection of the geographical and magnetic equators. Obtain

the declination and dip angles at P and Q.

no

5.25 There are two current carrying planar coils made each from identical

wires of length L. C1 is circular (radius R ) and C2 is square (side a).

They are so constructed that they have same frequency of oscillation

when they are placed in the same uniform B and carry the same

current. Find a in terms of R.

32

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