Sie sind auf Seite 1von 69

ATTENDANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

USING BLUETOOTH
A PROJECT REPORT
Submitted by :

KISHAN POLRA (100050111037)


MAITRAY TRIVEDI (100050111055)
KINJAL MODI (110053111001)
SNEHAL KATHIRIYA (110053111014)
In partial fulfillment for the award of the degree
of

BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING
in
(ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION)
Group No: 14
Internal Guide:
Prof. Twinkle Doshi
Asst. lecturer,
E & C Dept.,
BIT- Varnama

External Guide:
Mr. Meet Sachde
Enex Embedded
Vadodara

BITS EDU CAMPUS

Institute of Technology

Gujarat Technological University, Ahmadabad December,


2013

BITS EDU CAMPUS

Institute of Technology
Electronics & Communication Engineering Department.

CERTIFICATE
This is to Certify that the dissertation entitled
Attendance
management system using Bluetooth
has been carried out by
KISHAN POLRA (100050111037)
MAITRAY TRIVEDI (100050111055)
KINJAL MODI (110053111001)
SNEHAL KATHIRIYA (110053111014)

Under my guidance in partial fulfillment of


the degree
of Bachelor of Engineering
Degree in Electronics & Communication(7 th
Semester)
of
Gujarat
Technological
University,
Ahmedabad,
during
the
academic year 2013-14.
Date :
Project Guide:
Prof. Twinkle Doshi
Asst. Lecturer
E & C Dept.
BIT.

Head of the Department:


E & C Dept.
BIT.

Project Coordinator:

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
We wish to express our warm gratefulness appreciation to all those who have contributed to our
8th semester project, both directly and indirectly, without the co-operation of whom, it would not
have been possible to complete our desired project.
We would like to thank our institute for giving us the opportunity wherein we were able to do our
project under the supervision of experienced and helpful faculties. We would also like to extend
our gratitude to Head of the Electronics and Communication Department. We would also like to
thank Prof. Twinkle Doshi for her complete guidance and inspiration.
We would also like to thank Mr. Meet Sachde of Enex Embedded which helped us immensely
in applying the basic and fundamental knowledge in our project.

KISHAN POLRA (100050111037)


MAITRAY TRIVEDI (100050111055)
KINJAL MODI (110053111001)
SNEHAL KATHIRIYA (110053111014)

ABSTRACT
An RFID system consists of three components, an antenna and transceiver and a transponder
known as tag. The antenna uses radio frequency waves to transmit a signal that activates the
transponder. When activated, the tag transmits data back to the antenna. This project will used ID
card as RFID tag. The identification number on the card will indicate the information of user.
Each ID number has pre assigned in the database. The data in this context consists of the name,
department, and the ID number.
This method is more effective to prevent problem in process getting attendance manually. In this
project data is transfer by using Bluetooth from transmitter to receiver. The idea includes a V
drive module capable of receiving data from PIC18F46K22.
The V Drive module provides an easy solution for adding a USB Flash disk interface to an
existing product. In the v drive we connect the pen drive in which data is stored transmitted from
the RFID module in the form of excel sheet.

POLRA KISHAN
(100050111037)

TRIVEDI MAITRAY
(100050111055)

MODI KINJAL
(110053111001)

KATHIRIYA SNEHAL
(110053111014)

LIST OF TABLES
TABLE NO.
4.1
4.4.4.1
4.4.4.2
4.4.4.3

TABLE DISCREPTION
RFID PIN DESCRIPTION
PORT SELECTION JUMPER PINS
DATA AND CONTROL BUS SIGNAL
MODE OPERATION UART INTERFACE
DATA AND CONTROL BUS SIGNAL
MODE OPERATION SPI INTERFACE

PAGE NO.

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure No
4.1.1
4.1.2
4.2.1
4.3.1
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3

Figure Description
transmitter
receiver
circuit diagram
PCB layout
RFID Physical View
Pin Outs for Reader Module
Pin Diagram of PIC18F46K22

Page No

TABLE OF CONTENT
Acknowledgement
Abstract
List of Figures
List of Tables
Table of Contents
Chapter : 1 INTRODUCTION
Chapter : 2 LITERATURE SURVEY
2.1 INTRODUCTION
2.2 RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION(RFID)
Chapter : 3 PROJECT SPECIFICATION
3.1 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
3.2 MECHANICAL SPECIFICATION
3.3 ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATION
Chapter : 4 HARDWARE DESCRIPTION
4.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM
4.1.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM DESCRIPTION
4.2 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
4.2.1 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM DESCRIPTION
4.3 PCB LAYOUT
4.3.1 PCB LAYOUT DESCRIPTION
4.4 COMPONENT LIST
4.4.1 RFID MODULE (RKI 1512)
4.4.2 PIC18F46K22
4.4.3 BLUETOOTH MODULE (RKI-1545)
4.4.4 VDRIVE (VNC1L Module)
4.4.5 LCD
Chapter : 5 SOFTWARE DISCRIPTION
Chapter : 6 APPLICATION
Chapter : 7 FUTURE SCOPE
Chapter : 8 BIBLIOGRAPHY
Chapter : 9 APPENDIX

Chapter 1
INTRODUCTION

1.1 INTRODUCTION
An RFID system consists of three components, an antenna and transceiver and a transponder or
known as tag. The antenna uses radio frequency waves to transmit a signal that activates the
transponder. When activated, the tag transmits data back to the antenna. This project will used ID
card as RFID tag. The identification number on the card will indicate the information of user.
Each ID number has pre assigned in the database. The data in this context consists of the name,
department, and the ID number.
This method is more effective to prevent problem in process getting attendance manually. In this
project data is transfer by using Bluetooth from transmitter to receiver. The idea includes a V
drive module capable of receiving data from PIC18F46K22.
The V Drive module provides an easy solution for adding a USB Flash disk interface to an
existing product. Only four signal lines plus 5V supply and ground are required to be connected.
Using the Vinculum VDAP firmware the VNC1Ls I/O interface can be selected between the
serial UART or SPI using the on-board jumper pins.Now in the v drive we connect the pen drive
in which data is stored transmitted from the RFID module in the form of excel sheet.

Chapter 2
LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Introduction
In the process of system development, literature reviews conducted to understand the theory,
methods and technologies associated with systems that have been developed. Background
research on the organization and comparative studies of existing systems is also done to more
understand the system requirements before the system was developed. RFID based systematic
students attendance management system that has been developed was using RFID technology.
Through this chapter, the technology that will be used will be discussed briefly.

2.2 Radio frequency identification (RFID)


RFID stands for Radio Frequency Identification, which is a wireless communication technology that
is used to uniquely identify tagged objects or people. RFID systems have been widely used in many
application areas, such as inventory control, product tracking through manufacturing and assembly,
parking lot access and control, container or pallet tracking, ID badges and access control, equipment
or personnel tracking in hospitals, etc. RFID systems use radio waves to transmit information from
an integrated circuit tag through a wireless communication to a host computer. These systems consist
of three components that are the tag (transponder), the reader (interrogator) and the host computer
(controller). The reader communicates with the tags in its wireless range and collects information
about the objects to which tags are attached. Compared to other automatic identification
technologies, like optical barcode systems, RFID has several advantages, such as tag data can be read
automatically without line of sight, thought some materials, simultaneously tag reading and from a
range of several meters.
RFID has the following main components and figure shows the basic components of RFID systems
and concepts.
RFID Tag / Transponder
RFID Reader
RFID Antenna

Chapter 3
Specification

3.1 Technical specification:


Supply voltage: 5V DC.
Supply current: 25 mA.
Operating frequency: ISM Band of 2.4GHz-2.48GHz (BLUETOOTH) .
16 MHz (PIC18F46K22).
125 KHz (RFID reader).

3.2 Mechanical specification:


Physical dimension(system PCB):
Length:
Width: 48.16 mm
Physical dimension (RFID module):
Length: 32mm.
Width: 32mm.
Height: 8mm.

3.3 Environmental specification:


Operating temperature : -10~ +70
Humidity : 0 ~ 95%

Chapter 4
Hardware description

4.1 Block Diagram

Figure 4.1.1 Transmitter

Figure 4.1.1 Receiver

4.1.1 Block diagram Description


Transmitter section:
As shown in transmitter section that contain mainly 4 sections:
1) RFID MODULE
2) LCD
3) PIC18F46K22
4) BLUETOOTH MODULE
Here. RFID CARD is scratched in RFID module.
The information such as date ,time, employees name, department are contained by the
RFID module then passed to the PIC18F46K22 as well as on LCD.
PIC18F46K22 stored all information that taken from the RFID module and passed to the
Bluetooth module.
Bluetooth module is established connection between another Bluetooth module and make
a pair for data transmission.

Receiver section:
As shown in transmitter section that contain mainly 3sections:
1) BLUETOOTH MODULE
2) PIC18F46K22
3) V-DRIVE
4) PEN DRIVE
After pairing is established Bluetooth module received information from the
transmission section.
This information is passed to the PIC18F46K22 that stored all information and passed to
the v-drive.
V-drive is converted all information into excel format and passed that excel sheet format
to the pen drive.
Pen drive is a storage device that keep data into its storage memory.

4.2 Circuit diagram

Figure 4.2.1 circuit Diagram

4.2.1 Circuit diagram description

4.3 PCB Layout

Figure 4.3.1 PCB layout

4.4 Component List


4.4.1 RFID Module (RKI 1512)
4.4.2 PIC18F46K22
4.4.3 Bluetooth module (RKI-1545)
4.4.4 VDRIVE (VNC1L Module)
4.4.5 LCD

4.4.1 RFID Module (RKI 1512)


This module directly connects to any microcontroller UART or through a RS232 converter to
PC.
It gives UART/Wiegand26 output. This RFID Reader Module works with any 125 KHz RFID
tags.
4.4.1.1 Specifications

5VDC through USB (External 5V supply will boost range of the module)
Current: <50mA
Operating Frequency: 125Khz
Read Distance: 10cm
Size of RFID reader module: 32mm(length) * 32mm(width) * 8mm(height)

Figure 4.4.1 Physical View

Pin no.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Name
VCC
GND
BEEP
NC
NC
SEL
TX
D1
D0

Figure 4.4.2 Pin Outs for Reader Module

Description
5V
GND
BEEP AND LED
NOT CONNECTED
NOT CONNECTED
HIGH IS UART, LOW IS WEIGAND
UART TX
WEIGAND DATA 1 (OPTIONAL)
WEIGAND DATA 0 (OPTIONAL)

Table :- 4.1 RFID Pin description

4.4.2 PIC18F46K22

Figure 4.4.3 Pin Diagram of PIC18F46K22

4.4.2.1 Features
High-Performance RISC CPU:

C Compiler Optimized Architecture:


Optional extended instruction set designed to optimize re-entrant code
Up to 1024 Bytes Data EEPROM
Up to 64 Kbytes Linear Program Memory
Addressing
Up to 3896 Bytes Linear Data Memory Addressing
Up to 16 MIPS Operation
16-bit Wide Instructions, 8-bit Wide Data Path
Priority Levels for Interrupts
31-Level, Software Accessible Hardware Stack
8 x 8 Single-Cycle Hardware Multiplier
Flexible Oscillator Structure:

Precision 16 MHz Internal Oscillator Block:


Factory calibrated to 1%
Selectable frequencies, 31 kHz to 16 MHz
64 MHz performance available using PLL no external components required
Four Crystal modes up to 64 MHz
Two External Clock modes up to 64 MHz
4X Phase Lock Loop (PLL)
Secondary Oscillator using Timer1 @ 32 kHz
Fail-Safe Clock Monitor:
Allows for safe shutdown if peripheral clock stops
Two-Speed Oscillator Start-up
Analog Features:
Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) module:
10-bit resolution, up to 30 external channels
Auto-acquisition capability
Conversion available during Sleep
Fixed Voltage Reference (FVR) channel
Independent input multiplexing
Analog Comparator module:
Two rail-to-rail analog comparators
Independent input multiplexing
Digital-to-Analog Converter (DAC) module:
Fixed Voltage Reference (FVR) with 1.024V, 2.048V and 4.096V output levels
5-bit rail-to-rail resistive DAC with positive and negative reference selection
Charge Time Measurement Unit (CTMU) module:
Supports capacitive touch sensing for touch screens and capacitive switches

Extreme Low-Power Management with NanoWatt XLP:

Sleep mode: 100 nA, typical


Watchdog Timer: 500 nA, typical
Timer1 Oscillator: 500 nA @ 32 kHz
Peripheral Module Disable
Special Microcontroller Features:

Full 5.5V Operation PIC18FXXK22 devices


1.8V to 3.6V Operation PIC18LFXXK22 devices
Self-Programmable under Software Control
High/Low-Voltage Detection (HLVD) module:
Programmable 16-Level
Interrupt on High/Low-Voltage Detection
Programmable Brown-out Reset (BOR):
With software enable option
Configurable shutdown in Sleep
Extended Watchdog Timer (WDT):
Programmable period from 4 ms to 131s
In-Circuit Serial Programming (ICSP):
Single-Supply 3V
In-Circuit Debug (ICD)
Peripheral Highlights:

Up to 35 I/O Pins plus 1 Input-Only Pin:


High-Current Sink/Source 25 mA/25 mA
Three programmable external interrupts
Four programmable interrupt-on-change
Nine programmable weak pull-ups
Programmable slew rate
SR Latch:
Multiple Set/Reset input options
Two Capture/Compare/PWM (CCP) modules

4.4.3 Bluetooth module (RKI-1545)


Robokits UART Module is an inexpensive and easy to use Bluetooth UART module. This
product haves a Bluetooth module with a regulator and status LEDs for direct connection to any
serial device working on TTL. As now all laptops and mobiles have Bluetooth inbuilt, this
module provides easy connectivity to microcontrollers or other serial devices.
4.4.3.1 Features

Onboard regulator and Status LEDs


Easy to use 4 pin communication. Just provide RX, TX, VCC and GND.
Compatible with 3.3 to 5V TTL serial
Easy configuration through AT commands(Soldering required)
Status and Pairing LEDs
Support Master & Slave Mode
Serial communications: 9600-115200bps
SPP (Serial Port Profile) support
Support UART,USB,PCM interface to host system
Encrypted connection
Frequency: 2.4~2.524 GHz
Bluetooth core V2.0 compliant
Built-in Chip antenna

Figure 4.4.3 Pin diagram of Bluetooth module (RKI-1545)

4.4.4 VDRIVE (VNC1L Module)


The VDrive2 module provides an easy solution for adding a USB Flash disk interface to an
existing product. Only four signal lines plus 5V supply and ground are required to be connected.
Using the Vinculum VDAP firmware the VNC1Ls I/O interface can be selected between the
serial UART or SPI using the on-board jumper pins. Not only is the VDrive2 ideal for evaluation
and development of VNC1L designs, but also its neat enclosure and attractive quantity discount
structure makes this module suitable for incorporation into finished product designs. The
VDrive2 is ideal for commercial products such as domestic goods, set top box, etc., as well as
industrial products such as data loggers, software upgradable products, etc.
4.4.4.1 Features:
Uses F.T.D.I.'S VNC1L embedded USB host controller I.C. device.
USB A' type socket to connect USB disk.
Traffic indicator LED.
2 mm (0.08") pitch 8 pin connector.
8-way headers interconnect cable provided.
Only four signals to connect, excluding power and ground.
Jumper selectable UART or SPI interfaces.
Single 5V supply input.
Uses Vinculum VDAP firmware and command set.
Enclosure with snap in place clips allows for wasy front panel mounting.
Program or update firmware via USB Flash disk or via UART interface.
VNC1L firmware programming control pins PROG# and RESET# brought out onto internal
jumper interface (only accessible on internal module PCB)
VDrive2 is a Pb-free, RoHS complaint development module.

Figure 4.4.4 VDrive2 Pin Out - UART interface.

UART/SPI
Pull-Up
Pull-down

I/O Mode
Serial UART
SPI

Table 4.4.4.1 Port Selection Jumper Pins


Pin
no.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Name
GND
RTS
5V0
RXD
TXD
CTS
NC
RI

Type
PWR
Output
PWR
Input
Output
Input
Input

Description
Signal Ground
Request To Send control output/Handshake signal
5V supply input
Receive asynchronous data input
Transmit asynchronous data output
Clear To Send control input/Handshake signal
Not connected
Ring Indicator control input used to resume the vinculum
from suspend

Table 4.4.4.2 Data and Control Bus Signal Mode Options - UAR T Interface

Pin
no.

Name

Type

Description

5
4
2
6

SCLK
SDI
SDO
CS

Input
Input
Output
Input

SPI Clock input, 12 MHZ maximum


SPI serial Data input
SPI serial Data output
SPI Chip select input

Table 4.4.4.3 Data and Control Bus Signal Mode Options - SPI Interface

4.4.5 LCD:
Features:
5 x 8 dots with cursor
Built-in controller (KS 0066 or Equivalent)
+ 5V power supply (Also available for + 3V)
1/16 duty cycle
B/L to be driven by pin 1, pin 2 or pin 15, pin 16 or A.K (LED)
N.V. optional for + 3V power supply
Mechanical data:

Absolute maximum ratings:

Pin out of LCD:

Pin out description:

Chapter 5
Software description

5.1 SOFTWARE TOOL AND PLATFORM

5.2 FLOW CHART

Chapter 6
Result analysis
&
Plan for the next semester

6.1 SNAPSHOTS OF THE PROJECT

6.2 ADVANTAGE:
User Friendly:The proposed system is user friendly because the retrieval
and storing of data is fast and data is maintained efficiently. Moreover
the graphical user interface is provided in the proposed system, which
provides user to deal with the system very easily.
Reports are easily generated:
Reports can be easily generated in the proposed system so
user can generate the report as per the requirement (monthly) or in the
middle of the session. User can give the notice to the persons so he or
she become regular.
Very less paper work:
The proposed system requires very less paper work. All the
data is feted into the computer immediately & reports can be generated
through computers. Moreover work become very easy because there is
no need to keep data on papers.
No need of computer/laptop:
There is use of v-drive that convert information of person
directly convert in excel sheet format so no need of computer/laptop.
Low cost:
Cost of pen drive is less compare to cost of computer or
laptop so it saves money.

6.3 APPLICATION
Students:
Schools
Colleges
Employees:
Industries
Factorys
Malls
Bank
Schools
colleges

6.4 CONCLUSION

6.5 PLANS FOR NEXT SEMESTER:


For a next semester, we are going to prepare complete hardware and as well
as software part of a project. Also add more security like a height
measurement of a person through IR sensor.

Chapter 7
Bibliography
&
Refrence

7.1 BIBLIOGRAPHY & REFRECES:


1.
2.
3.
4.

Google
Wikipedia
Programming in ANSI C by balagurusami for programming C.
The 8051 microcontroller and embedded system using assembly and C by
muhammad Ali Mazidi for basic idea of programming of microcontroller.
5. www.robokits.com
6. www.vegarobokit.com
7. www.bluegiga.com
8. www.laydcircuits.com
9. www.edaboard.com
10.www.googleadvancepatent.com
11.www.8051projects.com
12.www.robokits.com
13.www.iosrjournals.org
14.www.jgrgs.info
15.www.alldatasheets.com

Chapter 8
Appendix

8.1 DATASHEET:
8.1.1 RFID module
8.1.2 PIC18F46K22
8.1.3 Bluetooth module
8.1.4 V-Drive

8.1.1 RFID module:

This module directly connects to any microcontroller UART or through a


RS232 converter to PC.
It gives UART/Wiegand26 output. This RFID Reader Module works with any
125 KHz RFID tags.

Specifications:
5VDC through USB (External 5V supply will boost range of the module)
Current: <50mA
Operating Frequency: 125Khz
Read Distance: 10cm
Size of RFID reader module:
32mm(length) * 32mm(width) * 8mm(height)

Physical view:

Pin out reader module:

Wiegand26 (Protocol):

Note:
E: Summed for even parity
O: Summed for odd parity
P: Parity (even or odd)
D: Data code for card: the data will use the last 24 data bits of card

8.1.2 PIC18F46K22:

Pin diagram:

DEVICE OVERVIEW :

This document contains device specific information for the following devices:
PIC18F23K22 PIC18LF23K22
PIC18F24K22 PIC18LF24K22

PIC18F25K22 PIC18LF25K22
PIC18F26K22 PIC18LF26K22
PIC18F43K22 PIC18LF43K22
PIC18F44K22 PIC18LF44K22
PIC18F45K22 PIC18LF45K22
PIC18F46K22 PIC18LF46K22

This family offers the advantages of all PIC18microcontrollers namely, high


computational performance at an economical price with the addition
of high-endurance, Flash program memory.
On top of these features, the PIC18(L)F2X/4XK22 family introduces design
enhancements that make these microcontrollers a logical choice for many highperformance, power sensitive applications.

New Core Features :

Nano Watt TECHNOLOGY : All of the devices in the PIC18(L)F2X/4XK22 family


incorporate a range of features that can significantly reduce power consumption during
operation.
Key items include:
1) Alternate Run Modes : By clocking the controller from the Timer1 source or the
internal oscillator block, power consumption during code execution can be reduced
by as much as 90%.
2) Multiple Idle Modes : The controller can also run with its CPU core disabled but the
peripherals still active. In these states, power consumption can be reduced even
further, to as little as 4% of normal operation requirements.
3) On-the-fly Mode Switching : The power-managed modes are invoked by user code
during operation, allowing the user to incorporate power-saving ideas into their
applications software design.
4) Low Consumption in Key Modules : The power requirements for both Timer1 and
the Watchdog Timer are minimized. See Section 27.0 Electrical Characteristicsfor
values.

MULTIPLE OSCILLATOR OPTIONS AND FEATURES:

All of the devices in the PIC18(L)F2X/4XK22 family offer ten different oscillator
options, allowing users a wide range of choices in developing application hardware.
These include:
1) Four Crystal modes, using crystals or ceramic resonators
2) Two External Clock modes, offering the option of using two pins (oscillator input
and a divide-by-4 clock output) or one pin (oscillator input, with the second pin
reassigned as general I/O)
3) Two External RC Oscillator modes with the same pin options as the External Clock
modes
4) An internal oscillator block which contains a 16 MHz HFINTOSC oscillator and a 31
kHz LFINTOSC oscillator, which together provide 8 user selectable clock

frequencies, from 31 kHz to 16MHz. This option frees the two oscillator pins for use
as additional general purpose I/O.
5) A Phase Lock Loop (PLL) frequency multiplier, available to both external and
internal oscillator modes, which allows clock speeds of up to 64MHz. Used with the
internal oscillator, the PLL gives users a complete selection of clock speeds, from 31
kHz to 64 MHz all without using an external crystal or clock circuit.
6) Fail-Safe Clock Monitor: This option constantly monitors the main clock source
against a reference signal provided by the LFINTOSC. If a clock failure occurs, the
controller is switched to the internal oscillator block, allowing for continued
operation or a safe application shutdown.
7) Two-Speed Start-up: This option allows the internal oscillator to serve as the clock
source from Power-on Reset, or wake-up from Sleep mode, until the primary clock
source is available.

Block diagram:

Pin out I/O description:

Continue..
Continue..

Continue..
Continue..

Continue..
Continue..

8.1.3 Bluetooth module:

Robokits Bluetooth Module:


Bluetooth Module is a Drop-in replacement for wired serial connections,
transparent usage.
you can use it simply for serial port replacement to establish connection
between MCU and GPS, PC to your embedded project
Robot etc.
The module can be configured for baud rates 1200 to 115200 bps.
Features:
Use the CSR Bluetooth chip, compatible with the Bluetooth V2.0
protocol
Operating Voltage 3.3V (3.0V to 4.2V compatible)
Adjustable baud rate :
1200,2400,4800,9600,19200,38400,57600,115200
Size: 28mm x 15 mm x 2.35mm
Operating Current 40 mA
Sleep Current < 1mA
Pin-Outs for Bluetooth Module:

Pin description:

AT Commands:

8.1.4 V-Drive:

The VDrive2 module provides an easy solution for adding a USB Flash disk interface
to an existing product.

Only four signal lines plus 5V supply and ground are required to be connected. Using
the Vinculum VDAP firmware the VNC1Ls I/O interface can be selected between the
serial UART or SPI using the on-board jumper pins.
Not only is the VDrive2 ideal for evaluation and development of VNC1L designs, but
also its neat enclosure and attractive quantity discount structure makes this module
suitable for incorporation into finished product designs.
The VDrive2 is ideal for commercial products such as domestic goods, set top box,
etc., as well as industrial products such as data loggers, software upgradable products,
etc.
The Vinculum VNC1L is the first of F.T.D.I.s Vinculum family of Embedded SoC
USB host controller integrated circuit devices.
Not only is it able to handle the USB Host Interface, and data transfer functions but
owing to the inbuilt MCU and embedded Flash memory, Vinculum can encapsulate the
USB device classes as well.
When interfacing to mass storage devices such as USB Flash drives, Vinculum also
transparently handles the FAT file structure communicating via UART, SPI or parallel
FIFO interfaces via a simple to implement command set.
Vinculum provides a new cost effective solution for providing USB Host capability
into products that previously did not have the hardware resources available.

V-drive2 mechanical dimensions:

8.1.5 LCD:

Liquied crystal display (16 x 2)


Features:

5 x 8 dots with cursor


Built-in controller (KS 0066 or Equivalent)
+ 5V power supply (Also available for + 3V)
1/16 duty cycle
B/L to be driven by pin 1, pin 2 or pin 15, pin 16 or A.K (LED)
N.V. optional for + 3V power supply

Mechanical data:

Absolute maximum ratings:

Pin out of LCD:

Pin out description:

Electrical specification:

Display character address code:

Dimensions: