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LAW 575 Final Exam

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LAW 575 Final Exam (Latest)

1)

Which of the following is true regarding state and federal court


jurisdiction?
A. In all cases, state courts have concurrent jurisdiction with the federal
courts.
B. Federal courts begin with exclusive jurisdiction until a state court
intervenes.
C. In all cases, state courts have exclusive jurisdiction unless the state's
Supreme Court grants jurisdiction to a federal court in the state.
D. In some cases, state courts have exclusive jurisdiction; in some cases,
state courts have concurrent jurisdiction with the federal courts.

2) Which of the following is true regarding a sole proprietorship?


A. A sole proprietor shares control of the management of the business.
B. The sole proprietor keeps a portion of the profits from the business.
C. Profits are not taxed as the personal income of the sole proprietor.
D. A sole proprietor is personally liable for obligations of the business.

3) Which of the following is a type of ADR?


A. Consultation
B. Mediation

C. Case argument
D. Case analysis

4) Which of the following is an extension of negotiation?


A. Arbitration
B. Minitrials
C. Neutral case evaluations
D. Mediation

5) Without obtaining advance permission, Annie places an unflattering


photograph of the president of the college that she attends on
folders that she is selling outside of class for extra money. Which of
the following is true?
A. Annie has committed defamation of the college president in the form of
slander.
B. Annie has committed defamation of the college president in the form of
libel.
C. Annie has appropriated the photograph for commercial gain, which
constitutes an invasion of privacy.
D. Annie has not committed any tort.

6) ________ torts occur when the defendant takes an action that is


inherently dangerous and cannot ever be undertaken safely, no
matter what precautions the defendant takes.
A. Liability
B. Intentional
C. Negligent
D. Strict-liability

7) The violation of a duty of care is called


A. breach of responsibility
B. breach of statute
C. breach of duty
D. objectionable breaching

8) Which of the following are common classifications of torts?


A. Intentional, negligent, and criminal
B. Intentional, criminal, and strict-liability
C. Intentional, negligent, and strict-liability
D. Criminal, negligent, and strict-liability

9) Which of the following are commonly used theories of recovery in


product liability cases?
A. Negligence, negligence per se, and breach of warranty
B. Strict product liability, negligence per se, and breach of warranty
C. Breach of warranty, negligence, and negligence per se
D. Negligence, strict product liability, and breach of warranty

10)

The person who makes an offer is called an

A. offeree
B. offeror
C. agreeor
D. agent

11)
Which of the following is what a person will receive in return
for performing a contractual obligation?

A. Consideration
B. Acknowledgement
C. Approval
D. Accord

12)
Which of the following is true regarding the adequacy of
consideration?
A. Courts generally consider the adequacy of consideration in determining
whether to enforce a contract.
B. Courts consider the adequacy of consideration only if something is sold for
less than 90% of its market value.
C. Courts consider the adequacy of consideration only if something is sold for
less than 80% of its market value.
D. Courts consider the adequacy of consideration only if something is sold for
less than 70% of its market value.

13)

Which of the following represents an accord and satisfaction?

A. When a dispute over an unliquidated debt is settled and is paid for less
than the full amount
B. When a dispute over a liquidated debt is settled and paid for less than the
full amount
C. When a dispute over an unliquidated debt is settled and paid for the full
amount
D. When a dispute over a liquidated debt is settled and paid for the full
amount

14)
Jenny works at a Mexican fast-food restaurant, which is owned
by an international company located in Mexico. Jenny is very angry
with her supervisor, Sleaze, as he has been making inappropriate
sexual comments to her and other employees. Jenny decides to sue
and retains a lawyer, Brice. Brice talks with the owners of the
restaurant and is informed that Jenny signed an agreement to

arbitrate any claims. Jenny also informed Brice about other


employees who had complained about sexual harassment and
entered into mediation agreements. Brice promises her that he will
get copies of all documents and everything that was taken down by
the court reporter at those mediations. Brice also tells Jenny that,
while he is not going to bring it up now, if they so choose, Brice and
Jenny can avoid the arbitration agreement, because under a new
federal law, such agreements cannot be enforced if one of the
companies involved is internationally based. He also tells Jenny in
response to her question about the possibility of mediation in her
case to forget it, because mediation is pretty much the same thing
as arbitration. Brice tells Jenny that an option is to arbitrate and, if
the outcome is bad at arbitration, she can file a court action in
federal court. Brice says that the federal court judge would not
consider an arbitrator's decision in making a determination. Assume
the Uniform Mediation Act provisions apply. Can Brice obtain
information from the previous mediators regarding what occurred at
the previous mediations?
A. Yes, but only if a court reporter was present.
B. He can get accounts of statements, but not copies of written documents.
C. He can get the information only if the mediators in the other cases want to
cooperate.
D. He cannot get copies of documents or accounts of what was said from the
mediator.

15)
Which of the following is generally defined as a relationship
between a principal and an agent?
A. Agency
B. Principality
C. Combination
D. Employment

16)
Which of the following is true if there is no agreement
between a principal and an agent regarding the amount for which
the principal will compensate the agent?

A. It will be assumed that the agent agreed to work for free on a gratuitous
basis.
B. The principal will be allowed to set the price, which will be enforced unless
it is unconscionable.
C. The court will appoint a magistrate to set the price.
D. Compensation will be calculated according to the customary fee in the
situation.

17)
Which title of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 deals with
discrimination in employment?
A. Title VII
B. Title VI
C. Title V
D. Title IV

18)
Which of the following is true regarding discrimination based
on sexual orientation?
A. There is a federal law specifically prohibiting discrimination based on
sexual orientation providing back pay, attorney fees, and punitive
damages as available remedies.
B. There is a federal law specifically prohibiting discrimination based on
sexual orientation, but it only provides for back pay as an available
remedy.
C. There are no state laws specifically prohibiting discrimination based on
sexual orientation nor is there any federal law providing such protection.
D. While there is no federal law specifically prohibiting discrimination based
on sexual orientation, some states do have laws prohibiting discrimination
based on sexual orientation.

19)
Which of the following is a federal law regulating the payment
of wages and overtime?

A. The Fair Pay Act


B. The Fair Labor Standards Act
C. The Regulatory Wage Act
D. The Subsistence Pay Act

20)
Striking union members of ABC Company decide that picketing
ABC Company is not accomplishing the desired results and decide to
further their efforts. Sally, the union president, suggests that they
picket XYZ Company, a supplier to ABC, to pressure XYZ into not
doing business with ABC. Which of the following is true regarding
Sally's plan?
A. Sally's plan is a good idea, and this type of picketing is frequently and
legally engaged in by union members during labor disputes.
B. Sally's plan is a good idea only if the strike has been going on for more
than 30 days, because under the National Labor Relations Act, union
members may not picket any company other than the employer for at
least 90 days.
C. Sally's plan is only legal if XYZ employees are represented by the same
union as ABC employees.
D. Sally's plan is illegal because of the prohibition against secondary
boycotts occurring during a labor dispute when employees boycott a
company other than their own to force it to cease doing business with
their employer.

21)
A ________ is a distinctive mark, word, design, picture, or
arrangement that is used by a producer in conjunction with a
product and tends to cause consumers to identify the product with
the producer.
A. Copyright
B. Patent
C. Trade secret
D. Trademark

22)
In which of the following types of ownership does each coowner have the right to sell his or her interest without the consent
of the other owners, the right to own an unequal share of the
property, and the right to own property subject to the right of a
creditor to attach his or her interest?
A. Joint tenancy
B. True tenancy
C. Tenancy in common
D. Joined tenancy

23)
If a trademark is registered, what may the owner obtain in the
event of infringement from a person who used the trademark to pass
off goods as being those of the mark owner?
A. An injunction prohibiting the infringer from using the mark only
B. An additional amount of damages computed as a multiplier of 5 times the
original damages
C. Damages, an injunction prohibiting the infringer from using the mark, and
additional damages based on a multiplier of 5 times the original damages
D. Damages and an injunction prohibiting the infringer from using the mark

24)
Which of the following types of insurance should a business
manager purchase to obtain protection against a broad range of
risks?
A. A commercial general liability policy
B. A business tort policy
C. A litigation commercial policy
D. An economic protection policy

25)
Which of the following oversees the purchase and sale of
securities?
A. The Securities Act of 1933

B. The Securities Exchange Act of 1934


C. The Depression Act of 1932
D. The Oversight Act of 1935

26)
A workers' compensation insurance policy is an example of
which of the following types of insurance?
A. Casualty
B. Loss
C. Business
D. Injury

27)
How are directors typically chosen after the incorporation
process?
A. By majority vote of the shareholders
B. By majority vote of all officers
C. By a two-thirds vote of shareholders
D. The president appoints them at his or her discretion

28)
Wendy is the president of a business that manufactures kites.
The kites of her company, ABC Kites, are sold to large toy stores.
After Wendy learned a great deal about kites, she started to make
kites at home. She started selling kites to friends, and she also
started to make inquiries regarding selling her kites to larger toy
stores in the area and to make a few sales to them. Her plan was to
start small and then leave ABC after she had increased sales. She
did not work on her side project while she was on the clock with
ABC. Some of the directors learned about her kite sales and accused
her of wrongdoing. Wendy denied any wrongdoing and pointed out
that she did not work on her project while she was on the job with
ABC. What duty, if any, did Wendy violate?
A. She did not commit any violation.

B. She violated the duty of loyalty.


C. She violated the duty of care.
D. She violated the duty of understanding.

29)
law?

Which of the following best describes the term comparative

A. It is the study of the legal systems of different states.


B. It is the study of the laws governing the conduct of states and
international organizations and their relationships with one another.
C. It is the study of the difference between public and private law in the
United States.
D. It is the study of the difference between constitutions and administrative
rules and regulations within the United States.

30)
What has the U.S. Supreme Court held regarding whether U.S.
courts must rely on customary international law?
A. The U.S. Supreme Court has held that U.S. courts may disregard
customary international law.
B. The U.S. Supreme Court has held that even if a governing international
agreement says otherwise, a U.S. court must rely on customary
international law.
C. The U.S. Supreme Court has held that even if a controlling executive act is
to the contrary, U.S. courts must rely on customary international law.
D. The U.S. Supreme Court has held that in the absence of a governing
international agreement, or controlling executive, or legislative act, or
judicial decision, U.S. courts must rely on customary international law.

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