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dickinson (jkd959) HW 2.

3 Acceleration bailey (145)


This print-out should have 14 questions.
Multiple-choice questions may continue on
the next column or page find all choices
before answering.
001 10.0 points
If the acceleration of an object is zero at some
instant in time, what can be said about its
velocity at that time?

4. Yes correct
Explanation:
The acceleration is the rate of change of
velocity. Since the object is moving and its
velocity is changing, it is accelerating.

2. It is not changing at that time. correct

004 10.0 points


A car traveling in a straight line has a velocity
of 5.46 m/s at some instant. After 7.64 s, its
velocity is 11 m/s.
What is its average acceleration in this time
interval?

3. It is positive.

Correct answer: 0.725131 m/s2 .

4. It is negative.

Explanation:

1. It is zero.

5. Unable to determine.

Let :

Explanation:
The acceleration
a=

v
=0
t
v = 0 .

v1 = 5.46 m/s ,
t = 7.64 s , and
v2 = 11 m/s .

The average acceleration is


vf vi
v
=
t
t
11 m/s 5.46 m/s
=
7.64 s

aav =
002 10.0 points
A car travels in a straight line for 3.1 h at a
constant speed of 85 km/h .
What is its acceleration?
Correct answer: 0 m/s2 .
Explanation:
The acceleration is zero since there is no
change in velocity.
003 10.0 points
At a certain instant a moving object comes to
momentary rest.
Is it accelerating at that moment?

= 0.725131 m/s2 .
005 10.0 points
A baseball goes from zero to 40 m/s in 0.206 s.
What is its average acceleration?
Correct answer: 194.175 m/s2 .
Explanation:
Let :

1. No
2. There is no way to tell from the information given.
a=
3. Acceleration is unrelated to speed, so the
question does not make sense.

vf = 40 m/s ,
v0 = 0 m/s , and
t = 0.206 s .

vf v0
40 m/s 0 m/s
v
=
=
t
t
0.206 s

= 194.175 m/s2

dickinson (jkd959) HW 2.3 Acceleration bailey (145)


006 10.0 points
Can an object reverse its direction of travel
while maintaining a constant acceleration?

When the shuttle bus comes to a sudden stop


to avoid hitting a dog, it decelerates uniformly
at 4.6 m/s2 as it slows from 8.7 m/s to 0 m/s.
Find the time interval of acceleration for
the bus.

1. All are wrong.


Correct answer: 1.8913 s.
2. No; the direction of the speed is always
the same as the direction of the acceleration.
3. Yes; a ball tossed upward reverses its direction of travel at its highest point. correct

Explanation:
aavg = 4.6 m/s2 ,
vi = 8.7 m/s , and
vf = 0 m/s .

Let :

4. Yes; a ball thrown toward a wall bounces


back from the wall.
5. No; if the acceleration is constant, the
direction of the speed remains unchanged.
Explanation:
Velocity and acceleration need not be in the
same direction. When a ball is tossed upward
it experiences a constant acceleration directed
downward.
007 10.0 points
What is the acceleration of a vehicle that
changes its velocity from 100 km/h to a dead
stop in 50 s ?

vf v0
v
v0
=
=
t
t
t
vi
8.7 m/s
t =
=
aavg
4.6 m/s2

aavg =

= 1.8913 s .

009 10.0 points


A car traveling at 6.6 m/s accelerates 2.6 m/s2
to reach a speed of 14.0 m/s.
How long does it take for this acceleration
to occur?

Correct answer: 0.555556 m/s2 .


Correct answer: 2.84615 s.

Explanation:

Explanation:
Let :

v0 = 100 km/h ,
vf = 0 km/h , and
t = 50 s .

Let :

The acceleration is
vf v0
v
=
t
t
1h
0 100 km/h 1000 m

=
50 s
1 km 60 min
1 min

60 s

aavg = 2.6 m/s2 ,


vi = 6.6 m/s , and
vf = 14.0 m/s .

a=

= 0.555556 m/s2 .
008

10.0 points

vf vi
v
=
t
t
vf vi
14 m/s 6.6 m/s
=
t =
aavg
2.6 m/s2
a=

= 2.84615 s .

010 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

dickinson (jkd959) HW 2.3 Acceleration bailey (145)


Suppose a treadmill has an average acceleration of 0.0045 m/s2 .
How much does its speed change after 4.6
min?

Let :

Correct answer: 1.242 m/s.


Explanation:

aavg = 0.65 m/s2 ,


vi = 4.4 m/s , and
vf = 8.7 m/s .

v
t
vf vi
v
t =
=
aavg
aavg
8.7 m/s 4.4 m/s
= 6.61538 s .
=
0.65 m/s2

aavg =
Let :

aavg = 0.0045 m/s2


t = 4.6 min .

and

v
t
v = aavg t

aavg =

= (0.0045 m/s2 )(4.6 min)

60 s
1 min

= 1.242 m/s .

011 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


If the treadmills initial speed is 2.1 m/s, what
will its final speed be?
Correct answer: 3.342 m/s.

013 10.0 points


A tennis ball with a velocity of 10.9 m/s to
the right is thrown perpendicularly at a wall.
After striking the wall, the ball rebounds in
the opposite direction with a velocity of 9.87
m/s to the left.
If the ball is in contact with the wall for
0.011 s, what is the average acceleration of
the ball while it is in contact with the wall?
Correct answer: 1888.18 m/s2 .
Explanation:

Explanation:
Let :

vi = 2.1 m/s .

v = vf vi
vf = v + vi = 1.242 + 2.1 m/s
= 3.342 m/s .

012 10.0 points


A car traveling in a straight line has a velocity
of +4.4 m/s. After an acceleration of 0.65
m/s2 , the cars velocity is +8.7 m/s.
In what time interval did the acceleration
occur?
Correct answer: 6.61538 s.
Explanation:

Let : vi = +10.9 m/s ,


vf = 9.87 m/s ,
t = 0.011 s .

a
=

and

vf vi
9.87 m/s 10.9 m/s
=
t
0.011 s

= 1888.18 m/s2 .
014 10.0 points
What is the acceleration of an object that
takes 20 s to change from a speed of 200 m/s
to 300 m/s?
1. 5 m/s
2. 100 m/s
3. 5 m/s/s correct

dickinson (jkd959) HW 2.3 Acceleration bailey (145)


4. 100 m/s/s
Explanation:
Let : t = 20 s ,
vo = 200 m/s ,
vf = 300 m/s .

and

vf vo
v
=
t
t
300 m/s 200 m/s
=
= 5 m/s/s .
20 s

a=