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You are on page 1of 4

This print-out should have 14 questions.

Multiple-choice questions may continue on

the next column or page find all choices

before answering.

001 10.0 points

If the acceleration of an object is zero at some

instant in time, what can be said about its

velocity at that time?

4. Yes correct

Explanation:

The acceleration is the rate of change of

velocity. Since the object is moving and its

velocity is changing, it is accelerating.

A car traveling in a straight line has a velocity

of 5.46 m/s at some instant. After 7.64 s, its

velocity is 11 m/s.

What is its average acceleration in this time

interval?

3. It is positive.

4. It is negative.

Explanation:

1. It is zero.

5. Unable to determine.

Let :

Explanation:

The acceleration

a=

v

=0

t

v = 0 .

v1 = 5.46 m/s ,

t = 7.64 s , and

v2 = 11 m/s .

vf vi

v

=

t

t

11 m/s 5.46 m/s

=

7.64 s

aav =

002 10.0 points

A car travels in a straight line for 3.1 h at a

constant speed of 85 km/h .

What is its acceleration?

Correct answer: 0 m/s2 .

Explanation:

The acceleration is zero since there is no

change in velocity.

003 10.0 points

At a certain instant a moving object comes to

momentary rest.

Is it accelerating at that moment?

= 0.725131 m/s2 .

005 10.0 points

A baseball goes from zero to 40 m/s in 0.206 s.

What is its average acceleration?

Correct answer: 194.175 m/s2 .

Explanation:

Let :

1. No

2. There is no way to tell from the information given.

a=

3. Acceleration is unrelated to speed, so the

question does not make sense.

vf = 40 m/s ,

v0 = 0 m/s , and

t = 0.206 s .

vf v0

40 m/s 0 m/s

v

=

=

t

t

0.206 s

= 194.175 m/s2

006 10.0 points

Can an object reverse its direction of travel

while maintaining a constant acceleration?

to avoid hitting a dog, it decelerates uniformly

at 4.6 m/s2 as it slows from 8.7 m/s to 0 m/s.

Find the time interval of acceleration for

the bus.

Correct answer: 1.8913 s.

2. No; the direction of the speed is always

the same as the direction of the acceleration.

3. Yes; a ball tossed upward reverses its direction of travel at its highest point. correct

Explanation:

aavg = 4.6 m/s2 ,

vi = 8.7 m/s , and

vf = 0 m/s .

Let :

back from the wall.

5. No; if the acceleration is constant, the

direction of the speed remains unchanged.

Explanation:

Velocity and acceleration need not be in the

same direction. When a ball is tossed upward

it experiences a constant acceleration directed

downward.

007 10.0 points

What is the acceleration of a vehicle that

changes its velocity from 100 km/h to a dead

stop in 50 s ?

vf v0

v

v0

=

=

t

t

t

vi

8.7 m/s

t =

=

aavg

4.6 m/s2

aavg =

= 1.8913 s .

A car traveling at 6.6 m/s accelerates 2.6 m/s2

to reach a speed of 14.0 m/s.

How long does it take for this acceleration

to occur?

Correct answer: 2.84615 s.

Explanation:

Explanation:

Let :

v0 = 100 km/h ,

vf = 0 km/h , and

t = 50 s .

Let :

The acceleration is

vf v0

v

=

t

t

1h

0 100 km/h 1000 m

=

50 s

1 km 60 min

1 min

60 s

vi = 6.6 m/s , and

vf = 14.0 m/s .

a=

= 0.555556 m/s2 .

008

10.0 points

vf vi

v

=

t

t

vf vi

14 m/s 6.6 m/s

=

t =

aavg

2.6 m/s2

a=

= 2.84615 s .

Suppose a treadmill has an average acceleration of 0.0045 m/s2 .

How much does its speed change after 4.6

min?

Let :

Explanation:

vi = 4.4 m/s , and

vf = 8.7 m/s .

v

t

vf vi

v

t =

=

aavg

aavg

8.7 m/s 4.4 m/s

= 6.61538 s .

=

0.65 m/s2

aavg =

Let :

t = 4.6 min .

and

v

t

v = aavg t

aavg =

60 s

1 min

= 1.242 m/s .

If the treadmills initial speed is 2.1 m/s, what

will its final speed be?

Correct answer: 3.342 m/s.

A tennis ball with a velocity of 10.9 m/s to

the right is thrown perpendicularly at a wall.

After striking the wall, the ball rebounds in

the opposite direction with a velocity of 9.87

m/s to the left.

If the ball is in contact with the wall for

0.011 s, what is the average acceleration of

the ball while it is in contact with the wall?

Correct answer: 1888.18 m/s2 .

Explanation:

Explanation:

Let :

vi = 2.1 m/s .

v = vf vi

vf = v + vi = 1.242 + 2.1 m/s

= 3.342 m/s .

A car traveling in a straight line has a velocity

of +4.4 m/s. After an acceleration of 0.65

m/s2 , the cars velocity is +8.7 m/s.

In what time interval did the acceleration

occur?

Correct answer: 6.61538 s.

Explanation:

vf = 9.87 m/s ,

t = 0.011 s .

a

=

and

vf vi

9.87 m/s 10.9 m/s

=

t

0.011 s

= 1888.18 m/s2 .

014 10.0 points

What is the acceleration of an object that

takes 20 s to change from a speed of 200 m/s

to 300 m/s?

1. 5 m/s

2. 100 m/s

3. 5 m/s/s correct

4. 100 m/s/s

Explanation:

Let : t = 20 s ,

vo = 200 m/s ,

vf = 300 m/s .

and

vf vo

v

=

t

t

300 m/s 200 m/s

=

= 5 m/s/s .

20 s

a=

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