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Monostable Multivibrator

Aim:
To Simulate Monostable multivibrator using PSPICE and implement using
hardware
To study the waveform at collector of transistors.

Apparatus Required:
PC with PSPICE software, BC107,Resistors, Capacitors,CRO,Function
generators.

Circuit Diagram:
MONOSTABLE MULTI WITH EMITTER BIAS
V1
10Vdc
2

C 1

0 .0 1 u

2
R 1
780

C 2

R 2
2

0 .5 u

10k
1

C 3
0 .0 1 u

1
R 3

1
R 4

1
2

1k
V1 = 0
V 2 = -5 V
TD = 0
TR = 0
TF = 0
PW = 20m s
PER = 30m s

650

V2
V

Q 1

Q 2

BC 107A

BC 107A
2
R 5

2
R 6

3 .3 k
1

330
1

Simulated Output:

Result:
Thus the Monostable multivibrator is simulated(using pspice) and its output
waveform is observed

Bistable Multivibrator
Aim:

To simulate transistor Bistable Multivibrator using PSPICE and to obtain its


output.

Apparatus Required:
PC with PSPICE software

Circuit Diagram:

Simulated Output:

Result:
Thus the Bistable multivibrator is simulated(using pspice) and its output waveform
is observed

Wien bridge Oscillator


Aim :
To design, construct, test using hardware and to simulate using Pspice the Wien
Bridge oscillator and to obtain its output waveform for the given frequency .

Apparatus Required:
S.No

Apparatus Name

Range
BC 107

Qty

Transistor

Resistor

Capacitor

CRO

(0 30)MHZ

RPS

(0-30) V

ORCAD suite

DESIGN OF WIEN BRIDGE OSC


Given Vcc = 15V, =200, Ic = 1mA,S=10, f= 200Hz, fo= 1kHz
VCE = vcc /2= 15 /2= 7.5V
VE= vcc /10= 1.5V
RC = (VCC-VCE-VE)/Ic = (15-7.5-1.5)/ 1X10-3 = 6 K
RE= VE/ Ic = 1.5 /1X10-3
= 1.5K
S=1+ RB / RE
9= RB /1.5K
RB =13.5K

VB= VE + VBE=1.5+0.7=2.2V
VB= [VCC /( R1+R2 ) ]* R2
2.2= [15 /( R1+R2 ) ]* R2
R2/( R1+R2 ) =2.2/15=0.146
R1* R2 /( R1+R2 ) = RB
Let R1=128 K, then R2=21.882=22 K

In the Bridge network R8=2R9


Input Impedance , Zin = ( RBhie )
= ( 13.5 K 1000 )=931
Input coupling capacitor is given by
XCin = Z in/ 10 =93.1
XCin = 1/ 2fCin
Cin = 1/ 2f XCin ==1/ 2(200)( 93.1)10F
output coupling capacitor is given by ,
Zo = (Rc RL) =(6K 100K)=5.6K
Xco= Zo / 10 =560
XCo = 1/ 2 f Co
Co = 1/ 2 f XCo =1/ 2(200)( 560)=1.4 F2.2F
By-pass capacitor is given by ,
XCE = RE / 10=1500/10=150
XCE = 1/ 2 fCE
CE = 1/ 2f XCE ==1/ 2(200)( 150)10F
Coupling capacitor is given by
Zc= ( RC RBhie )
= (6k 13.5 K 1000 )=688.4
Xc= ZC / 10 =68.84
CC = 1/ 2 f XC =1/ 2(200)( 68.84)=11 F22F

Oscillator Design
Frequency fT = _1000 Hz
fT = 1/ 2 RC
Assume C = 0.1F
R = 1/2 f TC=1.59K

Circuit Diagram:

V2

15Vdc
R 1
C 7

128k

R 3
6k

C 2

Q 1

R 2
22k

R 6

C 4

6k

Q 2
22uf

10u

R 4
128k
R 5

BC 107A

2 .2 u f

R 7
1 .5 k

R 8

R 10

0 .1 u f

1 .5 9 k

3k

BC 107A
22k

C 5

R 11
1 .5 9 k

C 3
10uf

R 9

1 .5 k

C 6
0 .1 u f

Procedure:
1. The circuit is constructed as per the given circuit diagram.
2. Observe the sine wave output.
3. Note down the practical frequency and compare it with the theoretical
frequency.

Result:
Thus the Wien Bridge Oscillator designed, constructed, tested, Simulated
using Pspice and the output sine waveform is drawn
Theoretical frequency
=
Practical frequency
=

TUNED COLLECTOR OSCILLATOR

Aim :
To simulate tuned collector oscillator using Pspice and to obtain its output
waveform for the given frequency .

V1
12V dc
2

2
L2

C1
2
1

0.0 2 H

R1

0.0 1 u
C2

68k
1

Q2

0.0 1 u

B C 107A
2
R3
2

1k
R2
10k

C3
1

1n

R4
1k

RV 5
100k
1

T i t le
S iz e
A
D ate :

< T i t le >
D ocum ent N um ber
<D oc>
M o n d a y , J a n u a ry 0 1 , 2 0 0 7

R ev
<R ev C ode>
S heet

of

Procedure:
1. The circuit is drawn as per the given circuit diagram on the schematic page of
Capture CIS.
2. Create and edit simulation profile.
3. Observe the sine wave output.

Result:
Thus the tuned collector Oscillator simulation was done using Pspice and the
output sine waveform was observed.

DIODE CONTROLLED ASTABLE BLOCKING OSCILLATOR


AIM:To construct and test Diode controlled Astable Blocking oscillator and to obtain their
respective output waveform.
APPARATUS REQUUIRED: Pulse Transformer, Zener Diode, Resistance, Capacitance, CRO,
Bread board
Connecting wires
THEORY:
A basic principle of inductance is that if the increase of current through a coil is linear; that is,
the rate of current increase is constant with respect to time, then the induced voltage will be
constant. This istrue in both the primary and secondary of a transformer. When power is applied
to the circuit, R1 provides forward bias and transistor Q1 conducts. Current flow through Q1 and
the primary of T1 induces a voltage in L2. The phasing dots on the transformer indicate a 180degree phase shift. As the bottom side of L1 is going negative, the bottom side of L2 is going
positive. The positive voltage of L2 is coupled to the base of the transistor through C1, and
Q1conducts more. This provides more collector current and more current through L1. This action
is regenerative feedback. Very rapidly, sufficient voltage is applied to saturate the base of Q1.
Once the base becomes saturated, it loses control over collector current. The circuit now can be
compared to a small resistor (Q1) in series with a relatively large inductor (L1), or a series RL

circuit. The operation of the circuit to this point has generated a very steep leading edge for the
output pulse.
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram.
2. Supply voltage is kept at 12V.
3. CRO connected at the output is adjusted and a sharp narrow intense wave output is
obtained.
4. The amplitude and time period of the output is noted.
5. The output waveform is plotted in a graph.
6. Then the practical value of the frequency is calculated.
TABULATION:
Amplitude (in volts)

Time Period (in msec)

MODEL GRAPH:

RESULT:
Thus a free running blocking Oscillator is constructed and the output waveform is plotted.