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How to avoid foods made
with genetically modified
organisms (GMOs)


N FREE iPhone Application: ShopNoGMO
Introduction & Overview 1
Fruits & Vegetables 3
Meats, Fish & Eggs 3
Alternative Meat Products 3
Dairy Products 4
Alternative Dairy Products 5
Baby Foods & Infant Formula 5
Grains, Beans & Pasta 6
Cereals & Breakfast Bars 6
Baked Goods 7
Frozen Foods 7
Soups, Sauces & Canned Foods 8
Condiments, Oils, Dressings & Spreads 9
Snack Foods 10
Candy, Chocolate Products & Sweeteners 11
Sodas, Juices & Other Beverages 12
Invisible GM Ingredients 13

for updates and additional categories.
To learn more about GMOs, consult the books Genetic Roulette: The
Documented Health Risks of Genetically Engineered Foods by Jeffrey M.
Smith or Your Right to Know: Genetic Engineering and the Secret Changes
in Your Food by Andrew Kimbrell. Information on GMOs is also available at and
Copyright February 2010 Center for Food Safety and Institute for Responsible
Technology. No part of this booklet may be reproduced in any form without written
permission from both parties. For large print quantities or electronic distribu-
tion requests, contact:
introduction & overview

How to avoid brands made with genetically

modified organisms (GMOs)
Genetic Engineering (GE) or Genetic Modification (GM) of
food involves the laboratory process of artificially inserting
genes into the DNA of food crops or animals. The result is
called a genetically modified organism or GMO. GMOs can
be engineered with genes from bacteria, viruses, insects,
animals, or even humans. Most Americans say they would
not eat GMOs if labeled, but unlike most other industrialized
countries, the U.S. does not require labeling.
This Non-GMO Shopping Guide is designed to help reclaim
your right to know about the foods you are buying, and help
you find and avoid GMO foods and ingredients. It does not
cover other potentially harmful ingredients, allergens,
colors or additives.
Tips for avoiding GM crops
Certified organic products are not allowed to contain any
GMOs. Therefore, when you purchase products labeled “100%
organic,” “organic,” or “made with organic ingredients,” all
ingredients in these products are not allowed to be produced
from GMOs. For example, products labeled as “made with
organic ingredients” only require 70% of the ingredients to
be organic, but 100% must be non-GMO.
Companies may voluntarily label products as “non-GMO.”
Some labels state “non-GMO” while others spell out “Made
Without Genetically Modified Ingredients.” Products that
carry the Non-GMO Project Seal have third party verification
as being in compliance with Non-GMO Project standards for
GMO avoidance. Some products limit their claim to only one
particular “At-Risk” ingredient such as soy lecithin, listing it
as “non-GMO.” Look for dairy products labeled ‘No rBGH or
rBST,” or “artificial hormone-free.”
Avoid products made with any of the crops that are GM. Most
GM ingredients are products made from the “Big Four:” corn,
soybeans, canola, and cottonseed, used in processed foods.
Some of the most common genetically engineered Big Four
ingredients in processed foods are:

n Corn flour, meal, oil, starch, gluten, and syrup
n Sweeteners such as fructose, dextrose, and glucose
n Modified food starch*

n Soy flour, lecithin, protein, isolate, and isoflavone
n Vegetable oil* and vegetable protein*
Canola Canola oil (also called rapeseed oil)
Cotton Cottonseed oil
*May be derived from other sources

In addition, GM sugar beet sugar recently entered the food

supply. Look for organic and non-GMO sweeteners, candy and
chocolate products made with 100% cane sugar, evaporated
cane juice or organic sugar, to avoid GM beet sugar.
Sugar Anything not listed as 100% cane sugar


Keep this Guide with you whenever you shop. Store it inside
your reusable shopping bag, put into your coupon holder or
check book, or leave it in your car.

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BOLD with an asterisk * denotes brands with products enrolled in the Non-
GMO Project’s third party GMO Avoidance Verification Program.
Learn more at:


Very few fresh fruits and vegetables for sale in the U.S. are
genetically modified. Novel products such as seedless
watermelons are NOT genetically modified. Small amounts
of zucchini, yellow crookneck squash, and sweet corn may be
GM. The only commercialized GM fruit is papaya from Hawaii—
about half of Hawaii’s papayas are GM.


No genetically modified fish, fowl, or livestock is yet approved
for human consumption. However, plenty of non-organic foods
are produced from animals raised on GM feed such as grains.
Look for wild rather than farmed fish to avoid fish raised on
genetically modified feed, and 100% grass-fed animals.
Meat & Fish: Non-GMO
Organic Prarie, Tropical Traditions, Vital Choice
Eggs: Non-GMO Land O’Lakes Organic
Born Free Organic Nest Fresh Organic
Egg Innovations Organic Organic Valley
Eggland’s Best Organic Pete and Jerry’s Organic Eggs
Horizon Organic Wilcox Farms Organic

Alternative Meat products

Many alternative meat products are processed and include
ingredients that can be genetically engineered, so give the
ingredient lists close attention to avoid the Big Four at-risk
ingredients, especially soy.
Non-GMO Wildwood
365 Brand (Whole Foods) White Wave
Amy’s Woodstock Farms*
Bountiful Bean May contain GMO
EcoVegan ingredients
Small Planet Tofu Boca, unless organic (Kraft)
Sunshine Burger Gardenburger
The Simple Soyman Morningstar Farms, unless
Vitasoy organic soy line (Kellogg)
Some U.S. dairy farms inject the genetically engineered
hormone rbGH, also called rbST, into their cows to boost milk
production. Organic dairy products are rbGH-free and do not
use GM grains as feed. Products with a label that indicates
cows free of rbGH or rbST may come from cows fed GM feed.
Many alternative dairy products are made from soybeans and
may contain GM materials.
Dairy Products: Non-GMO
Certified Organic Organic Valley
Alta Dena Organics Radiance Dairy
Butterworks Farm Safeway Organic Brand
Chase Organic Dairy Seven Stars Farm*
Harmony Hills Dairy Straus Family Creamery*
Horizon Organic Stonyfield Farm
Morningland Dairy Wisconsin Organics
Nancy’s Organic Dairy* Woodstock Farms*
Natural by Nature
Produced Without rbGH National
Alta Dena Grafton Village Cheese
BelGioioso Cheese Inc. Great Hill Dairy
Ben & Jerry’s Ice Cream Lifetime Dairy
Brown Cow Farm Nancy’s Natural Dairy
Crowley Cheese of Vermont Roth Kase USA
Dannon Walmart store brand
Franklin County Cheese Yoplait
May contain GMO ingredients
Colombo (General Mills) Parmalat
Kemps , aside from “Select” brand Sorrento
Land O’ Lakes The Country’s Best Yoghurt
For regional lists of rbGH-free sources of Dairy Products:

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Alternative Dairy Products
Belsoy Sun Soy
EdenSoy* Stonyfield Farm O’Soy
Imagine Foods/Soy Dream Tofutti
Lisanatti VitaSoy/Nasoya
Nancy’s Cultured Soy* WestSoy
Nancy’s Organic Cultured WholeSoy*
Soy* Wildwood
Organic Valley Soy* Yves The Good Slice
Pacific Natural Foods* Zen Don
Silk May contain GMO
So Delicious ingredients
8th Continent


Milk or soy protein is the basis of most infant formulas. The
secret ingredients in these products are often soy or milk from
cows injected with rbGH. Many brands also add GMO-derived
corn syrup, corn syrup solids, or soy lecithin.
Non-GMO May contain GMO
Baby’s Only Organic ingredients
Bella Baby Beech-Nut
Earth’s Best Enfamil
Gerber Good Start
HappyBaby Nestlé
Mom Made Meals Similac/Isomil
Organic Baby*
Plum Organics

BOLD with an asterisk * denotes brands with products enrolled in the Non-
GMO Project’s third party GMO Avoidance Verification Program.
Learn more at:

Other than corn, no GM grains are sold on the market. Look for
100-percent wheat pasta, couscous, rice, quinoa, oats, barley,
sorghum, and dried beans (except soybeans).
Annie’s * Lundberg Family Farms*
Bob’s Red Mill, organic Organic Planet*
Eden* Sunridge Farms
Field Day* Vita-Spelt pasta

Packaged Meals May Contain GMO

Non-GMO Ingredients
Amy’s Betty Crocker (General Mills)
Casbah (Hain-Celestial) Knorr (Unilever)
Dr. McDougall’s Right Foods Kraft Macaroni & Cheese
Fantastic Foods* Lipton meal packets (Unilever)
Ian’s Natural Foods Near East (Quaker)
Lotus Foods Pasta Roni & Rice-A-Roni meals
Lundberg Farms Rice (Quaker)
Rising Moon*
Seeds of Change organic meals

cereals & Breakfast bars

Cereals and breakfast bars are very likely to include GMO ingre-
dients, because they are often made with corn and soy products.
Non-GMO Nonuttin’
Annie’s* Omega Smart Bars
Ambrosial Granola Peace Cereal Organic
Barbara’s, organic Ruth’s
Cascadian Farms Simple Sweets
Eden* Sunridge Farms
May Contain GMO
Golden Temple Ingredients
Grandy Oats
General Mills
Health Valley, organic
Lundberg Rice Cereal*
Post (Kraft)
Nature’s Path*
6 Quaker
While baking ingredients such as wheat flour, rice, kamut, and
oats are not genetically modified, many packaged breads an
bakery items contain other GMO ingredients such as corn syrup.
Non-GMO Rapunzel
Arrowhead Mills, organic Rumford Baking Powder
Bakery on Main Tumaros*
Berlin Natural Bakery* May Contain GMO
Bob’s Red Mill, organic Ingredients
Dr. McDougall’s Right Foods Aunt Jemima (Pinnacle Foods)
Dr. Oetker Organics Betty Crocker (General Mills)
French Meadow, organic Calumet Baking Powder (Kraft)
Natural Ovens Bakery, organic Duncan Hines (Pinnacle Foods)
Nature’s Path* Hungry Jack (Smucker’s)
Rudi’s Organic Bakery Pillsbury (Smucker’s)

Many frozen foods are highly processed. Keep an eye out for
the Big Four at-risk ingredients and stay away from frozen
foods that contain them, unless they are marked organic or
A.C. LaRocco Eggo Waffles (Kellogg)
Amy’s Kitchen Gardenburger
Cascadian Farms Green Giant (General Mills)
Cedarlane Healthy Choice (ConAgra)
Helen’s Kitchen Kid’s Cuisine (ConAgra)
Ian’s Natural Foods Lean Cuisine (Nestle)
Linda McCartney Marie Callender’s (ConAgra)
Mom Made Meals Morningstar Farms, unless
Rising Moon* organic (Kellogg)
The Simple Soyman Rosetto Frozen Pasta (Nestle)
Woodstock Farms* Stouffer’s (Nestle)
May Contain GMO Swanson (Campbell’s)
Ingredients Tombstone (Kraft)
Boca, unless organic (Kraft) Totino’s (Smucker’s)
Celeste (Pinnacle Foods) Voila! (Birds Eye/Unilever)

Many soups and sauces are highly processed, so give the
ingredient lists close attention to avoid the Big Four at-risk
Soups: Non-GMO May Contain GMO
Amy’s Ingredients
Fantastic Foods* Chef Boyardee, Healthy Choice
Health Valley/Westbrae (ConAgra)
Imagine Natural Campbell’s products (Healthy
Natural/Hain Request, Chunky, Simply
Rapunzel Home, & Pepperidge Farm)
ShariAnn’s Organics Hormel products
Walnut Acres, organic Progresso Soups(General Mills)

Non-GMO May Contain GMO
Amy’s Ingredients
Eden* Bertolli (Unilever)
Emerald Valley Kitchen Chi-Chi’s (Hormel)
Field Day* Classico (Heinz)
Green Mountain Gringo* Del Monte
Muir Glen Organic Healthy Choice (ConAgra)
Rising Moon* Hunt’s (ConAgra)
Seeds of Change pasta sauce Old El Paso (General Mills)
Walnut Acres pasta sauce Pace (Campbell’s)
Prego (Campbell’s)
Ragu (Unilever)

Canned Food:
Non-GMO May Contain GMO
Amy’s Ingredients
Annie’s* Chef Boyardee
Eden* Dinty Moore, Stagg, Hormel
ShariAnn’s, organic (Hormel)
Westbrae, organic Franco-American (Campbell’s)
Yves Veggie Cuisine (Hain
Woodstock Farms*
Unless labeled explicitly, corn, soybean, cottonseed, and
canola oils probably contain genetically modified products.
Choose pure olive, coconut, sesame, sunflower, safflower,
almond, grapeseed, and peanut oils. Also choose preserves,
jams, and jellies with cane sugar, not corn syrup.
Non-GMO Spectrum oils and dressings
Annie’s Naturals* SushiSonic Condiments*
Bountiful Bean The Simple Soyman
Bragg’s liquid amino Tropical Traditions
Carrington Farms Flax Seed Vegan by Nature Buttery Spread
Crofter’s Organic Vigoa Cuisine
Drew’s salad dressing Wholemato
Eden* Wildwood
Emerald Cove Woodstock Farms*
Emerald Valley Kitchen May Contain GMO
Emperor’s Kitchen* Ingredients
Field Day* Crisco (Smucker’s)
Follow Your Heart* Del Monte
Harvest Moon Mushrooms Heinz
Ian’s Natural Foods Hellman’s (Unilever)
I.M. Health SoyNut Butters Kraft condiments and
Kettle Brand* dressings
Krazy Ketchup Mazola
Maranatha Nut Butters Pam (ConAgra)
Miso Master* Peter Pan (ConAgra)
Muir Glen Organic ketchup Skippy (Unilever)
Nasoya Smucker’s, unless “Simply
Newmans Own Organic 100% Fruit”
Rapunzel Wesson (ConAgra)
Ruth’s Wish-Bone (Unilever)
Sage Hills Farms

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Look for snacks made from wheat, rice, or oats, and ones that
use sunflower or safflower oils. There is no GM popcorn on the
market, nor is there blue or white GM corn.
Snacks: Non-GMO Peeled Snacks
Annie’s* Peter Rabbit Organics
Barbara’s, organic Plum Organics Tots
Bearitos/Little Bear Organics Rapunzel
(Hain Celestial) Revolution Foods
Earthly Treats Ruth’s
Eco-Planet Simple Sweets
Eden* Sunridge Farms
Field Day* Tasty Brand
Funky Monkey Woodstock Farms*
Garden of Eatin’ May Contain GMO
Grandy Oats Ingredients
Hain Pure Snax/Hain Pure Foods FritoLay (Lay’s, Ruffles,
Health Valley Doritos,Cheetos, Tostitos)
Ian’s Natural Foods Hostess
Kettle Brand* Keebler (Kellogg’s)
Kopali Organics Kraft (Nabisco, Nilla Wafers,
Late July Organic Snacks Oreos, Ritz, Nutter Butter,
Mary’s Gone Crackers* Honey Maid, SnackWells,
Nature’s Path* Teddy Grahams, Wheat Thins,
Namaste Foods Triscuit)
Newman’s Own Organics Pepperidge Farm (Campbell’s)
Newman’s Own, except salad Pringles
dressings Quaker
Energy Bars: Non-GMO
Clif Bar Optimum Energy Bar
Divine Foods Organic Food Bar
Genisoy Bars Ruth’s
GoodOnYa Bar Weil by Nature’s Path Organic
Lara Bar May Contain GMO
Luna Bar Ingredients
Macrobars Balance Bar
MacroLife Naturals
Nature Valley (General Mills)
Nature’s Path*
Nabisco Bars (Kraft)
Odwalla PowerBar (Nestle)
Quaker Granola
candy, chocolate products
Many sweeteners, and products like candy and chocolate that
contain them, can come from GMO sources. Look for organic
and non-GMO sweeteners, candy and chocolate products
made with 100% cane sugar, evaporated cane juice or organic
sugar to avoid GM beet sugar, and watch out for soy lecithin
in chocolates and corn syrup in candies.
The sweetener aspartame is derived from GM microorganisms.
It is also referred to as NutraSweet® and Equal® and is found
in over 6,000 products, including soft drinks, gum, candy,
desserts, yogurt, tabletop sweeteners, and some pharmaceu-
ticals such as vitamins and sugar-free cough drops.
Chocolate: Non-GMO May Contain GMO
Chocolove Ingredients
Dagoba Ghirardelli Chocolate
Endangered Species* Hershey’s
Green & Black’s Organic Nestlé (Crunch, Kit Kat,
Kopali Organics Smarties)
Lindt Chocolate Toblerone (Kraft)
Newman’s Own
Woodstock Farms*

Candy: Non-GMO May Contain GMO

Pure Fun Confections Ingredients
Reed’s Ginger Candy, organic Hershey’s
St. Claire Organic Jelly Belly
Sunridge Farms Lifesaver (Kraft)
Woodstock Farms* Nestlé

Sweetners: Non-GMO
Sweet Cloud*
Tropical Traditions
Woodstock Farms*

& other beverages
Most juices are made from GMO-free fruit (avoid papaya
though, as it could be GMO), but the prevalence of corn-based
sweeteners—e.g. high-fructose corn syrup—in fruit juices
is cause for concern. Many sodas are primarily comprised of
water and corn syrup. Look for 100-percent juice blends.
After the Fall, organic (Smuckers) Teeccino Herbal Caffe
Big Island Organics Walnut Acres Organic Juices
Blue Sky Woodstock Farms*
Cascadian Farm May Contain GMO
Crofters Organic Ingredients
Eden* Coca-Cola (Fruitopia, Minute
Field Day* Maid, Hi-C, NESTEA)
Frey Vineyards Hansen Beverage Company
Mixerz All Natural Cocktail Mixers Hawaiian Punch
Naked Juices (Procter and Gamble)
Nancy’s Organic Lowfat Kefir Kraft (Country Time, Kool-Aid,
Odwalla Crystal Light, Capri Sun, Tang)
Organic Valley Libby’s (Nestlé)
PediaSmart Ocean Spray
Quinoa Gold Pepsi (Tropicana, Frappuccino,
R.W. Knudsen, organic Gatorade, SoBe, Dole)
(Smucker’s) Sunny Delight (Procter and
Santa Cruz Organic (Smucker’s) Gamble)
Sea20 Organic Energy Drink
Note: This guide was compiled based on company statements, not
genetic testing. Any product labeled as Non-GMO indicates that its
manufacturing process is designed to avoid GMOs, but consumers
should be aware that GM contamination is possible due to natural pol-
len movement, weather events, seed contamination, or human error.
Hence there is no guarantee such products are 100% free of GMOs.
Center for Food Safety’s participation in this guide does not
necessarily imply endorsement of any of the products or labels
listed in this guide.
Processed foods often have hidden GM sources (unless they
are organic or declared non-GMO). The following are ingredi-
ents that may be made from GMOs.

Aspartame, also called glycine soy isolates

NutraSweet®, Canderel®, hemicellulose soy lecithin
Equal Spoonful®,E951, high fructose corn soy milk
BeneVia®, AminoSweet® syrup (HFCS) soy oil
baking powder hydrogenated starch soy protein
canola oil (rapeseed) hydrolyzed vegetable soy protein isolate
caramel color protein soy sauce
cellulose inositol starch
citric acid inverse syrup stearic acid
cobalamin (Vit. B12) invert sugar sugar (unless cane)
colorose inversol tamari
condensed milk isoflavones tempeh
confectioners sugar lactic acid teriyaki marinade
corn flour lecithin textured vegetable
corn gluten leucine protein
corn masa lysine threonine
corn meal malitol tocopherols (Vit E)
corn oil malt tofu
corn sugar malt syrup trehalose
corn syrup malt extract triglyceride
cornstarch maltodextrin vegetable fat
cyclodextrin maltose vegetable oil
cystein mannitol Vitamin B12
dextrin methylcellulose Vitamin E
dextrose milk powder whey
diacetyl milo starch whey powder
diglyceride modified food starch xanthan gum
erythritol modified starch
Equal mono and diglyceride Ascorbic acid (Vitamin
food starch monosodium C) although usually
fructose (any form) glutamate (MSG) derived from corn, is
glucose Nutrasweet probably not GM
glutamate oleic acid
because it is not
glutamic acid Phenylalanine
gluten phytic acid likely made in North
glycerides protein isolate America.
glycerin shoyu
glycerol sorbitol
glycerol monooleate soy flour

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