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Design Input

Slab: 1
Geometry Data
Slab Type
Length along shorter direction
Length along longer direction
Slab Thickness

3.5
4
100

m
m
mm

Load Data
Dead Load
Live Load

3.65
1.9

KPa
KPa

Material Properties
Weight of concrete, Wc
Compressive strength of concrete, Fc
Yieid strength of steel, Fy

24
21
275

Kg/m3
MPa
MPa

12
12
20

mm
mm
mm

Reinforcement Details
Bar size along shorter dir.
Bar size along longer dir.
Clear concrete cover

Remarks: Safe!

##

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Two - Way Slab: 1


Design Data
Slab type is one long edge discontinuous
Clear length of shorter span of the slab, Lx

3.5

Clear length of longer span of the slab, Ly

Thickness of slab, D

100

mm

Live load of slab, LL

1.9

KPa

Dead load of slab, DL

3.650

KPa

Bar size along short direction, x

12

mm

Bar size along long direction, y

12

mm

Clear concrete cover, c

20

mm

0.85

0.90 =

------

0.85

0.005

0.038

Design Parameters
Computation of
If Fc' 28 MPa
use
If Fc' > 28 MPa
use = 0.85-.05(Fc'-28)/7
Design
Computation of min
min = 1.4/Fy
Computation of bal
bal = 0.85(600/(600+Fy)Fc'/Fy
Computation of max
max = 0.75bal

= 0.0284

Reinforcement Design
Ratio of short span to long span, r
r = Lx/Ly

0.875

WDL = DL(1m)

3.650

KN/m

WLL = LL(1m)

1.9

KN/m

Considering 1 m strip

Along Short Direction


Moment Coefficient for Dead Load @ Midspan, DX

= 0.0270

Moment Coefficient for Live Load @ Midspan, LX

= 0.0375

Moment Coefficient @ Continuous Edge, X

= 0.0460

Factored Max. Moment @ Midspan, Mu+


Mu+ = DX1.2WDLLx2+ LX1.6WLLLx2

2.845

KN-m

Wu = 1.2WDL+16WLL

7.420

KN

Mu-= XWuLx2

4.181

KN-m

74

mm

62

mm

0.027
0.028

Factored Max. Moment @ Continuous Edge, Mu-

Effective depth @ Midspan, dx


dx = D-c-x/2
Effective depth @ Continuous Edge, d'x
d'x = D-c-x-y/2
Width of slab, b = 1000 mm
Computation of Required Steel Ratio,
At midspan
Mu+ = Fcbdx2(1-0.59)

= *Fc/Fy
Design

0.002

0.005

At continuous edge
Mu-= Fcbd'x2(1-0.59)

= Fc/Fy
Design

0.058
0.060

0.005

0.005

Required Steel Area, As


At midspan
Asx = bdx

= 376.727 mm2

At continuous edge
As'x = bd'x

= 315.636 mm2

Minimum Steel Area, Asmin


At midspan
Asxmin = minbdx

= 376.727 mm2

At edge
As'xmin = minbd'x

= 315.636 mm2

Along Long Direction


Moment Coefficient for Dead Load @ Midspan, DY

= 0.0180

Moment Coefficient for Live Load @ Midspan, LY

= 0.0230

Moment Coefficient @ Continuous Edge, Y

= 0.0490

Factored Max. Moment @ Midspan, Mu+


Mu+ = DY1.2WDLLy2+ LY1.6WLLLy2

2.380

KN-m

Wu = 1.2WDL+1.6WLL

7.420

KN

Mu-= Y-WuLy2

5.817

KN-m

Factored Max. Moment @ Continuous Edge, Mu-

Effective depth @ Midspan, dy


dy = D-c-y-x/2

62

mm

Effective depth @ Continuous Edge, d'y


d'y = D-c-y/2

74

0.033
0.033

0.003

0.005

0.056
0.058

0.004

0.005

mm

Base, b = 1000 mm
Computation of Required Steel Ratio,
At midspan
Mu+ = Fcbdy2(1-0.59)

= Fc/Fy
Design
At continuous edge
Mu-= Fcbd'y2(1-0.59)

= Fc/Fy
Design
Required Steel Area, As
At midspan
Asy = bdy

= 315.636 mm2

At continuous edge
As'y = bd'y

= 376.727 mm2

Minimum Steel Area, Asmin


At midspan
Asymin = minbdy

= 315.636 mm2

At edge
As'ymin = minbd'y

= 376.727 mm2

Spacing of Rebars
Spacing in short direction at span, Sx

= 1000(x2/4)/Asx
= 300.211

300 mm

Spacing in short direction at continuous edge, S'x

= 1000(x2/4)/As'x
= 358.316

Spacing in short direction at discontinuous edge, S''x =

3Sx

350 mm

>

500 mm

(Bent up two of every three bars from the span) S"x

= 600.000

500 mm

Spacing in long direction at span, Sy

= 1000(y2/4)/Asy
= 358.316

Spacing in long direction at continuous edge, S'y

= 1000(y2/4)/As'y
= 300.211

Spacing in long direction at discontinuous edge, S''y

350 mm

3Sy

------

300 mm

------ mm

Moment Capacity at short direction


Actual Steel Area
At midspan
Asx = 2b/S
x

a = AsxFy/0.85Fc'b
Mcap = AsxFy(d-a/2)

= 376.992 mm2
=

5.808

mm

6.634

KN-m

At continuous edge
As'x = 2b/S'
x

a = As'xFy/0.85Fc'b
Mcap = As'xFy(d-a/2)

= 323.136 mm2
=

4.978

mm

4.759

KN-m

Moment Capacity at long direction


Actual Steel Area
At midspan
Asy = 2b/S
y

= 323.136 mm2

a = AsyFy/0.85Fc'b
Mcap = AsyFy(d-a/2)

4.978

mm

4.759

KN-m

At continuous edge
As'y = 2b/S'
y

a = As'yFy/0.85Fc'b
Mcap = As' Fy(d-a/2)
y

= 376.992 mm2
=

5.808

mm

6.634

KN-m

Calculation of Shear
At short direction
Vc = V sbdx
Ratio of Load at short direction, %Lx
Vu = %LxWuLxb/2

= 48.041 KN
= 0.4600
=

5.973

KN

At long direction
Vc = Vsbdy
Ratio of Load at long direction, %Ly
Vu = %LyWuLyb/2

= 35.515 KN
= 0.5400
=

8.014

KN

Design Output
Slab: 1

Slab Type
One long edge
discontinuous

Slab Properties
Bar size along
Bar size along
Depth of Slab
shorter direction longer direction
(mm)
(mm)
(mm)
100

12

12

Material Properties
Tensile strength
Compressive
of steel, Fy
strength of
(MPa)
concrete, Fc'
(MPa)
24
21
275
Ultimate Bending Moment
Moment in
Moment in
Moment in
Moment in
shorter direction shorter direction longer direction longer direction
at span (KNm)
at edge (KNm) at span (KNm)
at edge (KNm)
2.845
4.181
2.380
5.817
Moment Capacity
Moment in
Moment in
Moment in
Moment in
shorter direction shorter direction longer direction longer direction
at span (KNm)
at edge (KNm) at span (KNm)
at edge (KNm)
6.634
4.759
4.759
6.634
Reinforcement
Required
Reinforcement
Reinforcement at shorter
Reinforcement Reinforcement
at shorter
at longer
at longer
direction at
direction at span continuous edge direction at span direction at
(mm2)
(mm2)
continuous edge
(mm2)
(mm2)
315.636
315.636
376.727
376.727
Spacing of Reinforcement in shorter direction
Spacing of
Spacing of
Spacing of
Reinforcement in Reinforcement in
Reinforcement in shorter direction shorter direction
shorter direction at continuous
at discontinuous
at span at
edge at top
edge at top
bottom (mm)
(mm)
(mm)
300
350
500
Spacing of Reinforcement in longer direction
Weight of
concrete
(Kg/mm3)

Spacing of
Spacing of
Spacing of
Reinforcement in Reinforcement in
Reinforcement in longer direction longer direction
longer direction at continuous
at discontinuous
at span at
edge at top
edge at top
bottom (mm)
(mm)
(mm)
350
300
------

Two-Way Slab:

1
12 mm @ 300

12 mm @ 500

3500

12 mm @ 350

12 mm @ 350

12 mm @ 300

12 mm @ 300

4000

100 mm

100 mm

4000

3500

* Not to scale
** All quantities are in mm. unless specified