You are on page 1of 7

Unit 1- THE COMPONENTS OF VISUAL ARTS

ART is a visual statement that communicates an idea,


expresses a feeling, or presents an interesting design.

VISUAL ART appeals primarily to the visual sense and


typically exists in permanent form.

Lesson 1: Seeing the Elements of Visual Arts


2 coherent and unified work of art
1.

Drawing is a simple art form that may be linear or


freehand.

2.

Painting is making images on a surface using color


pigments or liquid paint.

Different types of materials that can be use for


painting

Watercolor paints can be applied with a brush on paper


Oil paints comes in tubes & are mixed with linseed oil.
Tempera painting mixes color pigments with egg yolk with
or without the white and applied to a panel of wood

Fresco uses the method of applying paint on wet plaster of


paris, following the design intended by the artist

Acrylic is a modern synthetic product. It can dissolve in


water and has a wide range of possibilities in both color and
technique

B. SHAPE - is two-dimensional figure enclosed by a line

2 Kinds of Shape
Geometric shapes are precise shapes that look as if they are
made with a ruler or other drawing tools. The five basic
geometric figures are: square, circle, triangle, rectangle and
oval.
Organic shapes or free- form are irregular or uneven. Their
outlines curve to make free-form shapes. Organic shapes are
often found in nature like clouds and leaves.
C. FORM - is an element of art that refers to an object with
three dimensions. Height, width and depth.
D. SPACE is an element of art that refers to the distance or
area between, around, above, below and within objects.
E. TEXTURE - is the surface quality of an object. It can be
perceived through the two senses: touch and sight

3 Kinds of Textures
Tactile textures are actual or real textures which you can
touch and feel when you touch the object itself.
Artificial textures - refer to human man made surface
quality that is supposed to look and feel like some
material.
Visual textures are evoked by photograph or picture
depicting an object. It reminds us of how certain objects
feel when they are touched.

THE ELEMENTS OF ARTS


A. LINE - is a mark made by a moving point.
5 Types of Lines

Horizontal Line is parallel to the ground. It is lying


down and seems to be at rest. It evokes peace and
calmness.

Vertical Line moves straight up or down. It seems to


stand at attention. It shows dignity and strength.

Diagonal Line seems to be leaning and is somewhere


between vertical and a horizontal line. It shows action and
excitement. This lines make a viewer feel tension and
discomfort when it is repeated on a plane on various
directions

Curved Line bends without straight direction at any


point. Spirals and circles begin with curves. Wavy lines
consist of series of curves. Curved lines express
movement in a graceful and flowing way.

Zigzag Line made by combining diagonal lines that


form sharp angles that suddenly change direction. It
suggests action and excitement. When it is combined and
repeated, they can also create confusion.

F. COLOR - is the element of art that is derived from


reflected light.
The color wheel is defined as the spectrum represented as a
circular diagram that shows how colors are related to one
another.
Arrangement of colors in the color wheel in a particular order
Complementary colors are colors opposite each other on the
color wheel. For example red, and green
The following are some common
Color schemes that artists use:
Monochromatic color scheme
- Monochromatic colors are
Harmony of one color and its
Variations or different values of
a single color. Monochrome means
single color. A color scheme using
dark blue, medium blue and light blue
is monchromatic
Analogous colors are colors that are side by side on the color
wheel and share hue. Yellow, yellow-orange and yellow green
are analogous colors that share the hue yellow.

Color has three properties

Color has three properties

1. HUE is the colors name. Red, yellow and blue are the
primary hues. These colors are called primary because they
can mixed to make all the other hues. All other hues come
from them. They make every other hue except white.
Two primary hues mixed together produce a secondary hue.
The secondary hues are green, orange and violet. To get
orange, for example, you mix equal parts of red and yellow.

1. HUE is the colors name. Red, yellow and blue are the
primary hues. These colors are called primary because they
can mixed to make all the other hues. All other hues come
from them. They make every other hue except white.
Two primary hues mixed together produce a secondary hue.
The secondary hues are green, orange and violet. To get
orange, for example, you mix equal parts of red and yellow.

An intermediate or tertiary hue is made b hue and its


neighboring secondary hue.

An intermediate or tertiary hue is made b hue and its


neighboring secondary hue.

2. VALUE is the property of color concerned with the


lightness or darkness of hue. The value of hue changes
through the addition of black or white. A light or whiter value
of a hue is called tint.
Pink which is a mixture of white and red, is a tint of
red. A dark or addition of black value is called a shade.

2. VALUE is the property of color concerned with the


lightness or darkness of hue. The value of hue changes
through the addition of black or white. A light or whiter value
of a hue is called tint.
Pink which is a mixture of white and red, is a tint of
red. A dark or addition of black value is called a shade.

3. INTENSITY - is the brightness or dullness of a color. A


pure color is bright, like red. To make it dull, add a little of its
complimentary color, which is green.

3. INTENSITY - is the brightness or dullness of a color. A


pure color is bright, like red. To make it dull, add a little of its
complimentary color, which is green.

There are warm and cool colors.

There are warm and cool colors.

Color has three properties


Color has three properties
1. HUE is the colors name. Red, yellow and blue are the
primary hues. These colors are called primary because they
can mixed to make all the other hues. All other hues come
from them. They make every other hue except white.
Two primary hues mixed together produce a secondary hue.
The secondary hues are green, orange and violet. To get
orange, for example, you mix equal parts of red and yellow.
An intermediate or tertiary hue is made b hue and its
neighboring secondary hue.
2. VALUE is the property of color concerned with the
lightness or darkness of hue. The value of hue changes
through the addition of black or white. A light or whiter value
of a hue is called tint.
Pink which is a mixture of white and red, is a tint of
red. A dark or addition of black value is called a shade.
3. INTENSITY - is the brightness or dullness of a color. A
pure color is bright, like red. To make it dull, add a little of its
complimentary color, which is green.

1. HUE is the colors name. Red, yellow and blue are the
primary hues. These colors are called primary because they
can mixed to make all the other hues. All other hues come
from them. They make every other hue except white.
Two primary hues mixed together produce a secondary hue.
The secondary hues are green, orange and violet. To get
orange, for example, you mix equal parts of red and yellow.
An intermediate or tertiary hue is made b hue and its
neighboring secondary hue.
2. VALUE is the property of color concerned with the
lightness or darkness of hue. The value of hue changes
through the addition of black or white. A light or whiter value
of a hue is called tint.
Pink which is a mixture of white and red, is a tint of
red. A dark or addition of black value is called a shade.
3. INTENSITY - is the brightness or dullness of a color. A
pure color is bright, like red. To make it dull, add a little of its
complimentary color, which is green.
There are warm and cool colors.

There are warm and cool colors.

Lesson 2: Recognizing the Principles of Design


Lesson 2: Recognizing the Principles of Design
Design is an organized creative arrangement of the elements
of arts such as line, color, shape, form space and texture.
Composition is the arrangement of the elements in an
artwork according to the principles of design that include
emphasis, harmony, proportion, rhythm, unity, balance,
movement and variety to create a unified artwork.
Pattern is the repetition of a particular element of art in a
single composition.
-

The Principles of Design


These are guidelines that govern the way artist organize
the elements of art. Ones success in creating an artwork
depends on how these principles are applied.

8 Principles of Design
1. Balance it is the placement of all the elements of the
composition so that their visual weight seems evenly
distributed.

Design is an organized creative arrangement of the elements


of arts such as line, color, shape, form space and texture.
Composition is the arrangement of the elements in an
artwork according to the principles of design that include
emphasis, harmony, proportion, rhythm, unity, balance,
movement and variety to create a unified artwork.
Pattern is the repetition of a particular element of art in a
single composition.
-

The Principles of Design


These are guidelines that govern the way artist organize
the elements of art. Ones success in creating an artwork
depends on how these principles are applied.

8 Principles of Design
1. Balance it is the placement of all the elements of the
composition so that their visual weight seems evenly
distributed.

3 kinds of Balance
1.a Formal Balance or symmetrical balance is a type of
balance in which the contents on either side of a center line
exactly the same. One side would mirror the other.
1.b Informal Balance or asymmetrical balance is a type of
balance in which the two sides of an artwork are not exactly
alike, yet appear pleasantly even.
1.c Radial Balance occurs when all the elements in the
composition radiate outward from the center or toward it.
2. Emphasis concerned with making an element or object in
a work stand out.
3. Harmony concerned with combining related art elements
to create a pleasing appearance.
4. Proportion deals with the proper relation between two
objects or parts
5. Unity is the arrangement of elements to create a
feeling of oneness
Contrast is shown by showing opposites: black vs.
white, small vs. big, far vs. near, light vs. dark this
break the monotony of likeness
6. Variety concerned with combining different art elements
like colors, lines, shapes, textures to increase visual interest.
7. Rhythm regular repetition of lines, shapes, colors and
other are elements in the same or similar ways to suggest
flowing movement.
8. Movement - used to create the look and feel of action and
to guide the viewers eyes throughout the artistic frame.

3 kinds of Balance
1.a Formal Balance or symmetrical balance is a type of
balance in which the contents on either side of a center line
exactly the same. One side would mirror the other.
1.b Informal Balance or asymmetrical balance is a type of
balance in which the two sides of an artwork are not exactly
alike, yet appear pleasantly even.
1.c Radial Balance occurs when all the elements in the
composition radiate outward from the center or toward it.
2. Emphasis concerned with making an element or object in
a work stand out.
3. Harmony concerned with combining related art elements
to create a pleasing appearance.
4. Proportion deals with the proper relation between two
objects or parts
5. Unity is the arrangement of elements to create a
feeling of oneness
Contrast is shown by showing opposites: black vs.
white, small vs. big, far vs. near, light vs. dark this
break the monotony of likeness
6. Variety concerned with combining different art elements
like colors, lines, shapes, textures to increase visual interest.
7. Rhythm regular repetition of lines, shapes, colors and
other are elements in the same or similar ways to suggest
flowing movement.
8. Movement - used to create the look and feel of action and
to guide the viewers eyes throughout the artistic frame.

made of natural or synthetic pigments


for coloring fibers used in cloth
weaving. Loomweaving Dye
4. 7. loom = a device used to weave a
cloth

Lesson 3:ARTS and Crafts of Luzon


Weaving
- Originated in pre-colonial times
- One of our most precious living traditions
Use as: clothing , decorations & functional use
TAPA cloth one of the earliest textiles use in the Philippines
- Made of the soaked and hammered inner bark of Ficcus
and Artocarpus trees

Blankets, mats and articles of clothing are woven by the


Ifugaos in the North and it is woven through the
backstrap loom weaving method to fulfill practical,
religious and ritual functions.

Early examples of weaving consisted of basketry weaves,


knotting and braiding, using vegetables fibers cane (rattan),
nito, and bark (ramie).
Worn by Ifugao men which is wrapped around the lower part
of the body is a long piece of cloth woven on a backstrap
loom. A rectangular cotton cloth worn as a wrap-around skirt
by Ifugao women used the modern dye for the red warp
threads. Traditional indigo was used for the dark blue warp
threads.
The stylized human figures where made using the tie-dyes
techniques.
The ikat weaving of the Western Ifugaos does not seem to be
very old. They sometimes incorporate geometric motifs of
crosses, triangles and denticulations in panels.

1. Motif = In visual arts it means a


repeated pattern or theme. = In textile
arts such as weaving it is a recurring
fragment of that piece when joined
together makes a larger work.
2. 5. Textile = Refers to a cloth that
involves weaving or making of cloth
using a natural or artificial threads or
fibers Folk arts = expressions of the
community in their crafts that are
usually made because of their
utilitarian and functional purpose
instead of their mere aesthetics.
Aesthetics = the science of judging
beauty.
3. 6. Is a process of weaving using a
loom . Coloring materials that are

Metal Work and Jewelry


-

Found in the form of jewelry and weaponry

Tattooing
Gaddangs of Northern Nueva Vizcaya and Western Isabela
believe that being tattooed is the only guarantee that we will
reach heaven.
Madukayans, a group of Kalingas in Natonin, Mt. Province
tattoos should be earned like war medals.
The people of Tucutan, Bontoc- have the same belief as
Madukayans so they have rituals in celebration of beheadings.
Bisayans regard tattoos as permanent body paintings.
Different motifs and designs used for tattoo
Kalinga ( 4 designs)
1. the imitation of woven garment, silup
2. the Tinago, an image of a well muscled man etched on the
chest
3. the Pongo, a bracelet motif rendered as a single line of stars
and grass
4. the native dog, mans bestfriend
Bontocs
Stars (tinat araw)
Centipede( ginaygayaman)

Grass( inal-alam)
ladder( teytey)

Taklag a series of geometric markings running upward from


the two nipples and curving out to the upper arms. This is a
mark of a true warrior.
Administering Tattoos:
Benguet Ibaloi uses thick soot and juice from wild plants
pricked into the skin using thorn of citrus plant.
Bontocs use needles that were set into a carabao horn to make
a wound; then, ink made of resinous soot is rubbed into the
wound.
Folk Arts
- Flourished during the centuries of religious art under the
Spanish colonization
Example: Kiping use in the Pahiyas Festival

an object with three


dimensions.

Height, width and depth


____________5. It is the surface quality of an
object.
It can be perceived through the
two senses
____________6. It is an element of art that refers to
the distance or area between,
around, above, below and within objects
II Draw the following.
a.

Diagonal line

b. Horizontal line
c. Vertical line
d. Curve line
e. Zigzag line

f.

1 geometrical shape

g. 1 organic shape

FIRST QUIZ ARTS 1st QUARTER


Name:_______________________________________
I Identify the terms being described in each
statement below.
FIRST QUIZ ARTS 1st QUARTER
Name:_______________________________________
I Identify the terms being described in each
statement below.
____________1. It is a mark made by a moving
point.
____________2. It is the element of art that is
derived
from reflected light.
____________3. It is a two-dimensional figure
enclosed by a line
____________4. It is an element of art that refers
to

____________1. It is a mark made by a moving


point.
____________2. It is the element of art that is
derived
from reflected light.
____________3. It is a two-dimensional figure
enclosed by a line
____________4. It is an element of art that refers
to
an object with three
dimensions.
Height, width and depth
____________5. It is the surface quality of an
object.
It can be perceived through the
two senses
____________6. It is an element of art that refers to

the distance or area between,


around, above, below and within objects
II Draw the following.
a.

Diagonal line

b. Horizontal line
VI Color the bubbles with cool colors and the
cylinder with warm colors

c. Vertical line
d. Curve line
e. Zigzag line

f.

1 geometrical shape

g. 1 organic shape

III - Identify the following colors below and


identify its classification

III - Identify the following colors below and


identify its classification
Red - primary hue

1.

3.

Red - primary hue

1.

2.

4.
4.

2.

4.

IV Fill in the missing color to make it correct


4.

IV Fill in the missing color to make it correct


1.

Green
5.

Green
2.

orange
6.

orange
3.
violet
V Identify what element is being described in
each item below

violet
V Identify what element is being described in
each item below

VI Color the bubbles with cool colors and the


cylinder with warm colors