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H3C WA Series WLAN Access Points

Getting Started Guide

Abstract
This document describes installation preparation, login, CLI, basic configurations, software
maintenance and troubleshooting for the WA series WLAN access points.

Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.


http://www.h3c.com

Copyright 2010, Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd. and its licensors

No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means
without the prior written consent of Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.

The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has
been made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents.
However, the statements, information, and recommendations in this document do not
constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied. Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co.,
Ltd. and its licensors shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions
contained herein.

Acknowledgments
H3C,

, Aolynk,

, H3Care,

, TOP G,

, IRF, NetPilot, Neocean,

NeoVTL, SecPro, SecPoint, SecEngine, SecPath, Comware, Secware, Storware, NQA,


VVG, V2G, VnG, PSPT, XGbus, N-Bus, TiGem, InnoVision and HUASAN are trademarks of
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks that may be mentioned in this guide are the property of their
respective owners.

Environmental protection
This product has been designed to comply with the environmental protection
requirements. The storage, use, and disposal of this product must meet the applicable
national laws and regulations.

Table of Contents
1 Product overview 7
2 Installation preparations 9
Installation preparations 9
Preparing installation tools 9
Examining the installation site 10
Installation site selection 10
Temperature and humidity requirements 10
Power supply 10
Grounding and lightning protection 11

3 Installing an AP 13
4 Logging in to an AP 14
Powering on the AP and connecting it to a network 14
Logging in to an AP 15

5 Configuring basic functions 16


Configuring basic functions for an AP operating in fit mode 16
Configuring basic functions for an AP operating in fat mode 16
Specifying an IP address for an AP 20
Configuring WLAN service 20
Saving the current configuration 22

6 Software maintenance 24
Introduction 24
Files managed by the AP 24
Software maintenance approaches 24
Bootware menus 26
Bootware main menu 26
Bootware submenus 28
Factory default configuration 31

Factory default configuration of a fat AP 31


Removing the factory default configuration 31
Fit/fat working mode switching 32
Switching the working mode through the bootware menu 32
Switching the working mode at the CLI 35
Upgrading applications through the serial port 36
Xmodem overview 36
Modifying serial communication parameters 36
Upgrading an application 39
Upgrading applications through TFTP at the CLI 41
Setting up an upgrade environment 41
Displaying the system files and available space of the storage medium 42
Upgrading an application. 43
Backing up an application 44
Upgrading an application using FTP at the CLI 45
Setting up an upgrade environment 45
Displaying the system files and available space of the storage medium 46
Logging in to the FTP server from the AP 46
Upgrading an application 47
Backing up an application 47
Upgrading an application by using FTP with the default configuration 48
Upgrading an application through the web interface 50
Displaying file list 51
Downloading a file 51
Uploading a file 52
Removing a file 52
Automatically managing and upgrading the applications through an AC or a US 53
Associating the fit AP with an AC or a US 53
Automatically upgrading the application of the AP through the AC or US 54
Maintaining application and configuration files 56

Displaying all files 57


Setting the application file type 57
Removing a file 58
To return to the main menu 59
Dealing with password loss 59
User password loss 59
Bootware password loss 60
Super password loss 61

7 Troubleshooting 62
Symptom 1 62
Analysis 62
Solution 62
Symptom 2 62
Analysis 62
Solution 63
Symptom 3 63
Analysis 63
Solution 63
Symptom 4 63
Analysis 63
Solution 63
Symptom 5 64
Analysis 64
Solution 64
Symptom 6 64
Analysis 64
Solution 64

8 Support and other resources 65


Related documentation 65
About the H3C WA documentation set 66

Contact us 67
Technical support 67
Documentation feedback 67
Document conventions and symbols 68
Conventions 68
Symbols 69

1 Product overview
Developed by Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd (hereinafter referred to as H3C),
H3C WA series wireless local area network (WLAN) access points (APs) (hereinafter
referred to as the WA series) can be widely applied in wireless networks providing WLAN
services to users. The WA series can operate in both fat and fit modes. When they serve
as fit APs, they need to cooperate with wireless controllers or unified switches; when they
serve as fat APs, they can independently provide wireless access for WLAN users. The
WA series allow you to switch between the two modes at the CLI to accommodate to
different network sizes. Thus, flexibility is achieved.
H3C WA series WLAN access points include WA2110-AG, WA2200 series, and WA2600
series. Table 1 shows the applicable models and working mode.

The WA2110-AG supports 802.11a/b/g, and serves as fit APs to cooperate with
wireless controllers or unified switches.

The WA2200 series supports 802.11a/b/g, and can switch between the fit and fat
modes to accommodate to different network sizes.

The WA2600 series supports 802.11a/b/g/n, and can operate in both fat and fit
modes. It provides an access rate of six times the traditional 802.11a/b/g network
and covers a larger area. The WA 2600 series adopts 10 GE Ethernet interfaces as its
uplink interfaces to implement wireless multi-media application.

Table 1 AP model and operating mode


Series

Model

Operating in fit or fat mode

WA2110-AG

WA2110-AG

Only in fit mode

WA2210-AG

Both

(indoors)

WA2220-AG

Both

WA2200 series

WA2210X-G

Both

WA2220X-AG

Both

WA2610-AGN

Both

WA2612-AGN

Both

WA2620-AGN

Both

WA2610E-AGN

Both

WA2200 series
access points
WA2200 series

access points
(outdoors)
WA2600 series
WA2600 series

access points
(indoors)
WA2600 series

Series
access points
(enhanced)

Model

Operating in fit or fat mode

WA2620E-AGN

Both

WA2610E-GNP

Both

2 Installation preparations
This chapter describes the preparations for installing WA series WLAN access points,
including the preparation of installation tools and environment examination.
NOTE:
The installation preparations for the H3C WA series access points depend on the installation
environments (indoor or outdoor). For more information about the installation preparations of an
AP model, see the installation guide or quick start for the AP.

Installation preparations
Before installing your AP:

Power on your AP, and connect it to an Ethernet. Check the corresponding LED
status on your AP, and make sure that your AP works normally.

Save the installation position, MAC address, and serial number of your AP, to
facilitate the management and maintenance of APs by administrators.

Determine whether installation accessories (for example, or power adapter) are


needed according to the installation position and power supply mode of your AP.
Order them in advance because some installation accessories are not shipped with
your AP, and you need to purchase them yourself.

Preparing installation tools


When installing the AP, you may need the tools listed in Table 2 . Choose the
appropriate tools according to the installation environment.
Table 2 List of installation tools
Type of tool

Indoor installation

outdoor installation

1-meter-long rulers, marking pens,


General tools

knives, a percussion drill with

Digging tool, adjustable spanner,

appropriate bits, screw driver, and

vices, and screw driver

adjustable spanner

Special tools

Cable strippers, crimping pliers, and


RJ-45 crimping pliers

Cable stripper, crimping pliers, RJ-45


crimping pliers, waterproof tape,
and fiber fusion splicer

Type of tool

Indoor installation

outdoor installation

Auxiliary tools

Ladders and rubber hammers

Ladders

NOTE:
If you install the AP on a desk, none of the above tools are required. If you install the AP on top of
or under eave of a building, no digging tool is required.

Examining the installation site


Before installation, examine the installation site to make sure that the AP will work in a
good environment. You can examine the installation site from the following three
aspects.

Installation site selection


Keep the AP away from places that are susceptible to high temperature, dust,
inflammable, explosive, electromagnetic interference (high power radar, radio station,
and transformer), unstable voltage, heavy vibration, or loud noise. The installation site
should be dry, without any leakage, dripping, or dew. The AP should be at least 500 m
(0.31 mi) away from the seaside and should not face the direction of sea wind.
In engineering design, the site should be selected according to the network planning
and technical requirements of communications equipment, as well as the
considerations such as climate, hydrology, geology, earthquake, electric power, and
transportation.

Temperature and humidity requirements


The temperature and humidity requirements depend on your AP model. For more
information, see the installation guide or quick start of your AP.

Power supply
The power supply mode depends on your AP model. For more information, see the
installation guide or quick start of your AP.

10

Grounding and lightning protection


Table 3 Grounding and lightning protection requirements
SN

Item

Requirements
The earth resistance is usually required to be less than 5 ohms, and less than

10 ohms in an area with less than 20 thunderstorm days a year. If a piece of


angle steel is buried as the earthing conductor, the earth resistance is
required to be less than 10 ohms. In an area with a higher earth resistance,
reduce the earth resistance by using brine or resistance reducing agent
around the earthing conductor.

Grounding
resistance

The top of the earthing conductor should be at least 0.7 m (2.30 ft) away

from the ground surface. In cold areas, the earthing conductor should be
buried below the frozen soil layer.

Device
2

protection
ground
(PGND)

If a grounding strip is available, connect the yellow and green ground


cable of the AP to the grounding strip. If you need to make a grounding
cable, the cable should be with a cross-section area of at least 6 mm2 (0.24
in2) and a length of no longer than 3 m (9.84 ft).

If no grounding strip is available, bury a piece of angle steel/steel tube at

least 0.5 m (1.64 ft) long in the earth to serve as the earthing conductor. In
the case of a piece of angle steel, the size should be at least 50 mm 50
mm 5 mm (1.97 in. 1.97 in. 0.20 in.); in the case of a piece of steel tube,
it must be zinc-plated and have a wall thickness of at least 3.5 mm (0.14 in.).
Weld the yellow and green ground cable of the AP onto the earthing
conductor and use anti-erosion treatment on the welding joint. The
grounding cable should be as short as possible and must not be coiled.

Ensure that the grounding points of all the lightning arresters of the AP and
the peer device of the AP are well grounded.

A grounding lead-in is a metal conductor connecting a grounding net


and a grounding strip. The grounding cable of the AP should be
connected to the grounding strip. The grounding lead-in must be 30 m
3

Grounding
lead-in

(98.43 ft) or shorter. A piece of zinc-coated flat steel with a


cross-section area of 40 4 mm (1.57 0.16 in) or 50 5 mm (1.97 0.20
in) is recommended. Connect the grounding strip and the grounding
lead-in of the AP through the yellow and green ground cable with an
area of 35 mm2 (1.38 in.), or weld them directly. Use anti-erosion
treatment on the welding joint.

Power
4

grounding
(AC)

Use a power cord with a protective earth (PE). Do not use a power cord
with only an L line and an N line.

The neutral line of the power cord should not be connected with the PGND
of other communications equipment. The L and N lines cannot be
connected

In plain areas, the protection angle of the lightning rod should be less
5

Lightning
arrester

than 45 degrees. In mountainous areas or lightning areas, the


protection angle should be less than 30 degrees. The lightning
protection grounding (for example, the grounding of the lightning rod)
should be connected to the earthing conductor of the equipment
11

SN

Item

Requirements
room.
The antenna support is already prepared according to the design

Feeder

requirements.

A feeder lightning rod is already installed and grounded according to the


design requirements.

Power lightning arrester, port lightning protector, and feeder lightning


Outdoor
7

lightning
arrester

arrester are recommended for outdoor installations. The power


lightning arrester and the feeder lightning arrester should be near the
AP, and the network interface lightning arrester should be near the
peer device of the AP. The network interface lightning arrester should
be installed where the network cable is just led out of the room.

Network

Use a shielded twisted pair cables for an AP used outdoors. Ensure that

cable

the devices at the two ends of the cable are well grounded.

After you have completed the preparations, you can start installing the AP.

12

3 Installing an AP
You can directly place an indoor model (including the enhanced model) on a desk.
The rubber feet on the bottom of the AP help you to place it horizontally. Or you can fix
it onto a wall, a ceiling, or a lifting pole by using the wall-mounting bracket. Support for
the installation method depends on your AP model. For more information, see the
installation guide or quick start of your AP.
NOTE:
Some installation accessories (for example, wall-mounting brackets) are not shipped with your
AP. Determine whether to order them as needed.

13

4 Logging in to an AP
Before logging in to an AP, power on the AP and connect it to a network. For more
information, see Powering on the AP and connecting it to a network.
When an AP works in the fit AP mode, you cannot directly log in to and manage it, but
you can control it through an access controller or a unified switch associated with it.
You can use any of the following methods to log in to a WA series WLAN access point
working in the fat AP mode:

Logging in through the console port

Logging in through telnet

Logging in through SSH

Logging in through web-based network management system

Logging in through NMS

Powering on the AP and connecting it to a network


After installing the AP, perform the following steps before logging in to the AP.
1.

Connect the power supply of the AP and connect it to an Ethernet.

NOTE:
For how to connect the power supply and connect your AP to a network, see the installation
guide or quick start of the AP.

2.

Check the LEDs on the AP.

Power LED

When the AP is powered on, the power LED is steady on.

If the power LED is not on, it is possibly because the AP is not powered on.

Ethernet LED

If the Ethernet LED is steady on, the AP is connected to the Ethernet.

If the Ethernet LED is blinking, the AP is connected to the Ethernet, and data is being
transmitted and received.

14

NOTE:
For the description of the LEDs on the AP, see the installation guide or quick start of the AP.

Logging in to an AP
For more information about how to log in to an AP, see Logging In to the AP in the
Fundamentals Configuration Guide in the H3C WA Series WLAN Access Points
Configuration Guides.

15

5 Configuring basic functions


The WA series WLAN access points, except for the WA2110-AG that can only operate in
fit mode, can operate in both fat and fit modes, and you can switch the operating
mode of an AP as needed.

Configuring basic functions for an AP operating in fit


mode
An AP operating in fit mode has zero configuration. When it is associated with an access
controller (AC) or unified switch (US), it does not need or save any configuration. All
configurations are performed on the AC or US.

Configuring basic functions for an AP operating in fat


mode
An AP operating in fat mode has the default configuration as follows:
NOTE:
The default output depends on your AP model.
#
version 5.20, Release 1104P01
#
sysname WA2612-AGN
#
domain default enable system
#
telnet server enable
#
port-security enable
#
vlan 1
#
domain system
access-limit disable
state active

16

idle-cut disable
self-service-url disable
#
user-group system
#
local-user admin
password simple h3capadmin
authorization-attribute level 3
service-type telnet
#
wlan rrm
dot11a mandatory-rate 6 12 24
dot11a supported-rate 9 18 36 48 54
dot11b mandatory-rate 1 2
dot11b supported-rate 5.5 11
dot11g mandatory-rate 1 2 5.5 11
dot11g supported-rate 6 9 12 18 24 36 48 54
#
wlan service-template 1 clear
ssid H3C
service-template enable
#
interface NULL0
#
interface Vlan-interface1
ip address 192.168.0.50 255.255.255.0
#
interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1
#
interface WLAN-BSS32
port link-type hybrid
port hybrid vlan 1 untagged
#
interface WLAN-Radio1/0/1
service-template 1 interface wlan-bss 32
#
load xml-configuration
#
user-interface con 0
user-interface vty 0 4
authentication-mode scheme
#
return

17

Table 4 Description of the default configuration


Field

Description

version 5.20, Release 1104P01

The AP software version currently in use

sysname WA2612-AGN

The default sysname is the AP model.

domain default enable system

The default enabled domain is system.

telnet server enable

By default, telnet server is enabled.

port-security enable

By default, port security is enabled.


VLAN 1 is the default VLAN, and you cannot

vlan 1

create and delete a default VLAN.


Basic configurations in the default domain
system:
The number of associated clients is not

domain system

limited.

access-limit disable

Specify the current domain to be in the

state active

active state.

idle-cut disable

Disable the idle-cut function for the current

self-service-url disable

ISP domain.
Disable the location function of the
self-service server.
system is the default user group. You cannot

user-group system

delete the default user group but you can


modify its configuration.
The default configuration of the local user is

local-user admin

as follows:

password simple h3capadmin

The username is admin.

authorization-attribute level 3

The password is h3capadmin, case sensitive.

service-type telnet

The user level is 3 (manage level).


The service type is telnet.

18

Field

Description

wlan rrm
dot11a mandatory-rate 6 12 24
dot11a supported-rate 9 18 36 48 54

The default 802.11a/b/g settings are as

dot11b mandatory-rate 1 2

shown on the left column.

dot11b supported-rate 5.5 11

The default rates depend on your AP model.

dot11g mandatory-rate 1 2 5.5 11


dot11g supported-rate 6 9 12 18 24 36 48
54
wlan service-template 1 clear

By default, service template 1 with the

ssid H3C

authentication mode open system and SSID

service-template enable

H3C is configured on the AP.

interface NULL0

The interface type supported by the AP.


By default, the default IP address of

interface Vlan-interface1

VLAN-interface 1 is 192.168.0.50, and the

ip address 192.168.0.50 255.255.255.0

subnet mask is 255.255.255.0.

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1

The interface type supported by the AP.

interface WLAN-BSS32

By default, WLAN-BSS32 is a hybrid port, and

port link-type hybrid

removes VLAN tags before forwarding

port hybrid vlan 1 untagged

packets from VLAN 1.

interface WLAN-Radio1/0/1

By default, service template 1 is associated

service-template 1 interface wlan-bss 32

with radio interface WLAN BSS 32.


The AP loads the configuration file with

load xml-configuration

extension .xml after startup.

user-interface con 0

The AP supports console and VTY user

user-interface vty 0 4

interfaces. By default, the authentication


mode for VTY login is AAA.

authentication-mode scheme

Besides the default configurations, you must perform the following configurations to use
a fat AP in your network:

Specifying an IP address for an

Configuring WLAN service

Saving the current configuration


19

Specifying an IP address for an AP


To specify an IP address for the AP:
1.

Enter system view.


<Sysname>system-view

2.

Optional: Create VLANs. Using this command can create multiple VLANs in
batches.
[Sysname]vlan { vlan-id1 [ to vlan-id2 ] | all }

3.

Required: Create a VLAN interface and enter VLAN interface view. If the VLAN
interface already exists, you enter its view directly. If the VLAN interface does not
exist, you need to create a VLAN and then enter VLAN interface view.
[Sysname]interface vlan-interface vlan-interface-id

4.

Required: Assign an IP address to the VLAN interface. IP address 192.168.0.50 is


assigned to VLAN-interface 1 by default. No IP address is configured for other VLAN
interfaces.
[Sysname]ip address ip-address { mask | mask-length }

5.

Optional: Configure the description of the current VLAN. VLAN interface name is
used by default, for example, Vlan-interface1 Interface.
[Sysname]description text

6.

Optional: Bring up the VLAN interface. By default, a VLAN interface is in the up


state. In this case, the VLAN interface is up so long as one port in the VLAN is up and
goes down if all ports in the VLAN go down. An administratively shut down VLAN
interface however will be in the down state until you bring it up, regardless of how
the state of the ports in the VLAN changes.
[Sysname]undo shutdown

Configuring WLAN service


WLAN service configuration includes WLAN global configuration, country code, service
template, and radio configuration.
To configure WLAN service:
Enter system view.
<Sysname>system-view

Configure global WLAN parameters


1.

Optional: Specifies the time for which the link between AP and client ( power-save
or awake ) can be idle. By default, the idle timeout interval is 3600 seconds.
20

[Sysname]wlan client idle-timeout interval


2.

Optional: Configure the keep alive timeout interval for the device. By default, keep
alive function is disabled.
[Sysname]wlan client keep-alive interval

3.

Optional: Set the device discovery policy. By default, the device receives
broadcast messages.
[Sysname]wlan broadcast-probe reply

Specifying the country code


Required: Specify the country code. By default, the country code is CN. For more
information about country code and country, see WLAN Service in the WLAN
Command Reference in the H3C WA Series WLAN Access Points Command References.
[Sysname]wlan country-code code

Configuring a service template


1.

Required: Create a WLAN service template. By default, a clear-type


service-template has been configured.
[Sysname]wlan service-template service-template-number { clear | crypto }

2.

Optional: Disable the advertising of SSID in beacon frames. By default, the SSID is
advertised in the beacon frames. If the advertising of the SSID in beacon frames is
disabled, the SSID must be configured for the clients to associate with the AP.
[Sysname]beacon ssid-hide

3.

Optional: Specify the maximum number of associated clients in a BSS.


[Sysname]client max-count max-number

4.

Required: Enable the authentication method. By default, open system


authentication is enabled. If the current service template is of clear type, you can
only enable open system authentication. If the current service template is of crypto
type, you can enable open system or shared key authentication.
[Sysname]authentication-method { open-system | shared-key }

5.

Required: Enable the service template. By default, the service-template is disabled.


[Sysname]service-template enable

Configuring the radio of an AP


1.

Enter radio interface view.


[Sysname]interface wlan-radio interface-number

2.

Required: Specify a radio type for the radio. Support for this command depends on
your device model.
[Sysname]radio-type { dot11a | dot11an | dot11b | dot11g | dot11gn }
21

3.

Required: Map a service template to the current radio.


[Sysname]service-template service-template-number interface wlan-bss
interface-number

4.

Optional: Specify a channel number for the radio. By default, auto mode is
enabled. The working channel of a radio varies with country codes and radio
types. The channel list depends on your device model.
[Sysname]channel { channel-number | auto }

5.

Optional: Specify the maximum radio power. By default, the maximum radio power
varies with country codes, channels, AP models, radio types and antenna types. If
802.11n is adopted, the maximum radio power also depends on the bandwidth
mode.
[Sysname]max-power max-power

6.

Optional: Specify the type of preamble. By default, the short preamble is


supported. Only 802.11b/g supports this configuration.
[Sysname]preamble { long | short }

Saving the current configuration


You can modify the configuration on your device at the CLI. To use the modified
configuration for the next startup, you must save it (using the save command) to the
configuration file.
You can save the configuration in either of the following two modes:

Fast saving mode: Fast saving mode is implemented by using the save command
without providing the safely keyword. The mode saves the file quickly but is likely to
lose the existing configuration file if the device reboots or the power fails during the
process.

Safe mode. Safe mode is implemented by using the save command with the safely
keyword. The mode saves the file more slowly that the fast saving mode but can
retain the configuration file on the device even if the device reboots or the power
fails during the process.

The fast saving mode is suitable for environments where power supply is stable. The safe
mode, however, is preferred in environments where stable power supply is unavailable
or remote maintenance is involved.
Use one of the following commands to save the current configuration (available in any
view):
1.

Required: Save the current configuration to the specified file, but the configuration
file is not set as the file to be used at the next startup.

22

[Sysname]save file-url
2.

Required: Save the current configuration to the root directory of the storage
medium and specify the file as the startup configuration file to be used at the next
system startup up.
[Sysname]save [ safely ] [ backup | main ]

NOTE:
The configuration file must have extension .cfg
The execution of the save [ safely ] and save [ safely ] main commands has the same effect:
The system saves the current configuration and specifies the configuration file as the main
startup configuration file to be used at the next system startup.
During the execution of the save [ safely ] [ backup | main ] command, the startup
configuration file to be used at the next system startup may be lost if the device reboots or the
power supply fails. In this case, the device boots with the null configuration, and after the
device reboots, you need to re-specify a startup configuration file for the next system startup.

23

6 Software maintenance
NOTE:
The terminal output information may vary on your AP model.
The configurations made on the WA2200 series throughout this chapter apply to WLAN APs. For
the software maintenance process, see the specific configuration examples.

Introduction
Files managed by the AP
BootWare program file
The BootWare program file is used by the AP to boot the applications; it is stored in the
Flash of the device. The complete BootWare program file consists of the basic section
and the extended section.

Application files
The AP provides one type of application file for device boot: main application file,
which is stored in the Flash. Two main application files can exist in the AP as it supports fit
and fat. For example, two main application files exist on a WA2200: WA2200_fit.bin or
WA2200_fat.bin. When the AP works in the fat AP mode, you can use the boot-loader file
file-url { main | backup } command to specify either of them as the main application
file.

Configuration files
With a file extension of .cfg, the configuration files contain the configuration information
of the AP. Typically, the default configuration file is written into the Flash before the AP is
delivered. The factory default configuration file is startup.cfg.

Software maintenance approaches


You can maintain the AP software in the following ways:

Upgrading the application files using the XMODEM protocol through a serial port

Upgrading application files by using TFTP or FTP at the CLI.

Upgrading application files through the web interface.


24

Upgrading the application files automatically through an AC or a US (applicable to


the fit mode only)

NOTE:
The WA series APs support upgrading the BootWare and application files of a specific version
through upgrade package. Thus you do not need to upgrade the BootWare program
separately.
Figure 1 Software upgrade flowchart
Start
Comware application
No

Uppgrade
Comware?
Yes
Select correct Comware application
Select an upgrade method

Load Comware through


the network interface

Implement upgrade

End

25

Upgrade with FTP

Upgrade with TFTP

Upgrade with
XMODEM

Upgrade through the


web interface

Auto upgrade
through AC
management (for fit
mode only)

Upgrade at
the CLI

Bootware menus
Bootware main menu
Upon power-on or reboot of the AP, the console terminal connected with the AP
displays the following information:
System is starting...
Booting Normal Extend BootWare...
The Extend BootWare is self-decompressing...................Done!
*******************************************************************
*
*

*
H3C WA2200 BootWare, Version 2.09

*
*

********************************************************************
Copyright (c) 2004-2010 Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
Compiled Date
CPU Type
CPU L1 Cache
CPU Clock Speed

: Apr 21 2010
: PPC 405EP
: 32KB
: 266MHz

Memory Type

: SDRAM

Memory Size

: 64MB

Memory Speed

: 133MHz

BootWare Size

: 512KB

Flash Size

: 16MB

PCB Version

: Ver.B

BootWare Validating...
Press Ctrl+B to enter extended boot menu...
Starting to get the main application
file--flash:/wa2200_fat.bin!.......................
.............................
The main application file is
self-decompressing.........................................
..............................................................................
.............................Done!
System application is starting...
User interface con0 is available.
Press ENTER to get started.

26

NOTE:
You must press Ctrl+B within one second when the prompt Press Ctrl+B to enter extended
boot menu appears. Otherwise, the system enters the application decompression process,
instead of the extended BootWare menu.
If you want to enter the extended BootWare menu after the system enters the application
decompression process, you must reboot the AP.
The extended boot menu is referred to as BootWare main menu in this manual unless
otherwise stated.
At the prompt above, press Ctrl+B. The system prompts you to enter the BootWare
password:
Please input BootWare password:

After you provide the correct password, the system enters the BootWare main menu.
The initial BootWare password is null. If you fail to enter the correct BootWare password
three times in a row, the system will be halted and you need to restart the device
manually.
BootWare main menu:
Note: The current operating device is flash
Enter < Storage Device Operation > to select device.
===========================<EXTEND-BOOTWARE MENU>=========================
|<1> Boot System

|<2> Enter Serial SubMenu

|<3> Enter Ethernet SubMenu

|<4> File Control

|<5> Modify BootWare Password

|<6> Skip Current System Configuration

|<7> BootWare Operation Menu

|<8> Clear Super Password

|<9> Storage Device Operation

|<0> Reboot

==========================================================================
Enter your choice(0-9):

Table 5 BootWare main menu


Menu item

Description

<1> Boot System

Load the application from the Flash


Enter the serial submenu. For more

<2> Enter Serial SubMenu

information, see Serial interface submenu.

27

Menu item

Description
Enter Ethernet submenu. For more
information, see Ethernet interface

<3> Enter Ethernet SubMenu

submenu.
File control submenu. For more information,

<4> File Control

see File control submenu.

<5> Modify BootWare Password

Modify BootWare password


Boot the system with the system
configuration ignored.
This operation is valid this time, and you

<6> Skip Current System Configuration

need to configure it next time.


This option is generally used when you lose
the password.
BootWare operation submenu. For more

<7> BootWare Operation Menu

information, see BootWare operation


submenu.
Clear the super password.
The super password is used in user level
switching.

<8> Clear Super Password

No super password is set by default.


This setting is valid for the first reboot of the
AP only. The super password will be restored
after a second reboot.
Storage device operation submenu. For
more information, see Storage device

<9> Storage Device Operation

operation submenu.
<0> Reboot

Reboot the AP

Bootware submenus
Serial interface submenu
You can upgrade the application program, change the serial interface baud rate and
so on through this submenu.
Select 2 from the BootWare main menu to enter the serial interface submenu.

28

Serial interface submenu of the WA2600 series indoor APs


================<Enter Serial SubMenu>========================
|Note:the operating device is flash

|<1> Download Application Program To SDRAM And Run

|<2> Update Main Application File

|<3> Update Backup Application File

|<4> Update Secure Application File

|<5> Modify Serial Interface Parameter


|<0> Exit To Main Menu

|
|

==============================================================
Enter your choice(0-5):

Serial interface submenu of the WA2200 series and WA2600 series enhanced APs
===================<Enter Serial SubMenu>====================
|Note:the operating device is flash

| <1> Download Application Program To SDRAM And Run

| <2> Update Main Application File

| <3> Modify Serial Interface Parameter


| <0> Exit To Main Menu

|
|

=============================================================
Enter your choice(0-3):

Ethernet interface submenu


Select 3 from the BootWare main menu to enter the Ethernet interface submenu.

Ethernet interface submenu of the WA2600 series indoor APs


==================<Enter Ethernet SubMenu>===================
|Note:the operating device is flash

| <1> Download Application Program To SDRAM And Run

| <2> Update Main Application File

| <3> Update Backup Application File

| <4> Update Secure Application File

| <5> Modify Ethernet Parameter

| <0> Exit To Main Menu

| < Ensure The Parameter Be Modified Before Downloading! > |


=============================================================
Enter your choice(0-5):

Ethernet interface submenu of the WA2200 series and WA2600 series enhanced APs
===================<Enter Ethernet SubMenu>==================
|Note:the operating device is flash

| <1> Download Application Program To SDRAM And Run


| <2> Update Main Application File

|
|

29

| <3> Modify Ethernet Parameter

| <0> Exit To Main Menu

| < Ensure The Parameter Be Modified Before Downloading! > |


=============================================================
Enter your choice(0-3):

File control submenu


You can view and set the application file types and delete the files through the file
control submenu.
Select 4 from the BootWare main menu to enter the file control submenu.
========================<File CONTROL>=======================
|Note:the operating device is Flash

| <1> Display All File(s)

| <2> Set Application File type

| <3> Delete File

| <0> Exit To Main Menu

=============================================================

BootWare operation submenu


Select 7 from the BootWare main menu to enter the BootWare operation submenu.
=========================<BootWare Operation Menu>========================
|Note:the operating device is flash

|<1> Backup Full BootWare

|<2> Restore Full BootWare

|<3> Update BootWare By Serial

|<4> Update BootWare By Ethernet

|<0> Exit To Main Menu

==========================================================================
Enter your choice(0-4):

NOTE:
The WA2200 series and WA2600 series do not support BootWare backup.

Storage device operation submenu


Select 9 from the BootWare main menu to enter the storage device control submenu:
========================<Device CONTROL>=====================
| <1> Display All Available Nonvolatile Storage Device(s)
| <2> Set The Operating Device

| <3> Set The Default Boot Device

| <0> Exit To Main Menu

=============================================================
Enter your choice(0-3):
30

Factory default configuration


The factory default configuration is the default configuration of the device at system
boot before any settings are made to the device. The factory default configuration
enables you to use all the basic functions upon AP power-on.

If you perform configurations and save the configurations on the AP, the AP uses
the configuration file you have saved for next startup.

If you remove the current configuration file, namely, no configuration file exists on
the AP, the AP starts with the factory default configuration upon next startup.

If you disable the AP from booting with the default configuration (see Removing the
factory default configuration), it boots with null configuration.

The filename you specified when saving the configuration file is used as the
configuration filename for next startup. This startup mode is prior to the startup with
the factory default configuration.

If no configuration file exists on the Flash of the AP, it boots with the factory default
configuration. The factory default configuration is set by the vendor of the AP, and
you cannot modify it.

Factory default configuration of a fat AP

For the factory default configuration of a fat AP, see Configuring basic functions for
an AP operating in fat mode.

A fit AP has zero configuration. All the configuration and management are
performed by ACs or USs.

Removing the factory default configuration


Upon AP boot, when the prompt Press Ctrl+B to enter extended boot menu... appears,
press Ctrl+B. The system prompts you to enter the BootWare password:
Please input BootWare password:

After you provide the correct password, the system enters the BootWare main menu
(the initial BootWare password is null, and you can directly press Enter):
===========================<EXTEND-BOOTWARE MENU>===========================
|<1> Boot System

|<2> Enter Serial SubMenu

|<3> Enter Ethernet SubMenu

|<4> File Control

|
31

|<5> Modify BootWare Password

|<6> Skip Current System Configuration

|<7> BootWare Operation Menu

|<8> Clear Super Password

|<9> Storage Device Operation

|<0> Reboot

============================================================================
Enter your choice(0-9):

Select 6 to disable the AP from booting with the default configuration. It boots with null
configuration, shown as follows:
Enter your choice(0-9):6
Flag Set Success.

Fit/fat working mode switching


The AP can work in the fat mode, or cooperate with an AC or a US to work in the fit
mode, and it can switch between the fit mode and the fat mode.
NOTE:
Before working mode switching, identify the current working mode of the AP to determine
whether it needs to perform a mode switching.

Switching the working mode through the bootware menu


The working mode of the AP depends on the main application file in its Flash. If the main
application file in the Flash is XXXX_fit.bin, the AP works in the fit mode; if the main
application file in the Flash is XXXX_fat.bin, the AP works in the fat mode.
When setting the working mode through the BootWare menu, you need to judge
whether the main application file in the Flash is consistent with the working mode. During
the upgrade process, do not change the main application filename, thus to avoid
inconsistency of the working mode that has been configured and the current working
mode.
Select 4 from the BootWare main menu to enter the file control submenu:
==============================<File CONTROL>==============================
|Note:the operating device is flash

|<1> Display All File(s)

|<2> Set Application File type

|<3> Delete File

|<0> Exit To Main Menu

==========================================================================
Enter your choice(0-3):
32

The following example illustrates the switching from the fat mode to fit mode.
Display the application program type in the BootWare menu:
1.

Select 2 to enter the application program type submenu:

'M' = MAIN

'B' = BACKUP

'S' = SECURE

'N/A' = NOT ASSIGNED

==========================================================================
|NO. Size(B)

Time

Type

Name

|1

7884208

Aug/08/2008 20:00:00 M

wa2200_fat.bin

|2

3923104

Apr/26/2000 12:11:16 B

wa2200_fit.bin

|0

Exit

==========================================================================
Enter file No:

Table 6 Application program types


Type

Description
Main (M) application program that the
system loads when startup. The newly

'M' = MAIN

downloaded program is the M program by


default.
Backup (B) application program. If the
system finds no M program at startup, it

'B' = BACKUP

loads the B application program


automatically.
Secure (S) application program. If all the
application programs in the Flash are N/A,

'S' = SECURE

the system automatically loads the S


application program at startup.
Indicates the application program type is

'N/A' = NOT ASSIGNED

2.

not specified.

Set the selected file as the main application program (loaded when the system
starts).

Type application program number 2 to enter the file attribute modification submenu:
Enter file No:2
Modify the file attribute:
==========================================================================
|<1> +Main

|<2> -Main

|<3> +Backup

|
33

|<4> -Backup

|<0> Exit

==========================================================================
Enter your choice(0-4):

Table 7 File attribute submenu


Menu item

Description
Specify the current application program as

<1> +Main

the main application program


Cancel the main application program type

<2> -Main

of the current application program and


specify the program type as N/A
Specify the current application program as

<3> +Backup

the backup application program


Cancel the backup application program

<4> -Backup

type of the current application program


and specify the program type as N/A

<0> Exit

3.

Exit the current submenu

Select 1 to specify the current application program wa2200_fit.bin as the main


application program. The system then sets file wa2200_fit.bin with attribute B to a
file with attribute M+B, and file wa2200_fat.bin with attribute M automatically
changes to a file with attribute N/A.

Enter your choice(0-4):1


Set the file attribute success!
4.

The system displays a successful prompt and returns to the file control submenu.
Select 1 to display all files.

===============================<File CONTROL>=============================
|Note:the operating device is flash

|<1> Display All File(s)

|<2> Set Application File type

|<3> Delete File

|<0> Exit To Main Menu

==========================================================================
Enter your choice(0-3): 1
Display all file(s) in flash:
'M' = MAIN

'B' = BACKUP

'S' = SECURE

'N/A' = NOT ASSIGNED

==========================================================================
34

|NO. Size(B)
|1

7884208

|2

428

|3

3923104

Time

Type

Name

Aug/08/2008 20:00:00 N/A


Apr/26/2000 12:00:34 N/A
Apr/26/2000 12:11:16 M+B

wa2200_fat.bin

private-data.txt

wa2200_fit.bin

==========================================================================

CAUTION:
If you modify the main application file name by using the rename command, the system cannot
be started. For more information about the rename command, see SSH2.0 in the Security
Command Reference in the H3C WA Series WLAN Access Points Command References.

Switching the working mode at the CLI


Set the working mode to fit AP
To set the working mode of the AP working in the fat mode to the fit mode, use the
boot-loader file file-url { main | backup } command:
On a WA2200 series:
<Sysname>boot-loader file wa2200_fit.bin main
This command will set the boot file. Continue? [Y/N]:y
The specified file will be used as the main boot file at the next reboot on slot
1!

CAUTION:
Fat and fit files cannot be stored in the Flash at the same time due to the space limitation of
the Flash of the AP. Therefore, before you switch the working mode of the AP from fat AP to fit
AP, you must delete the fat file in the Flash to release the space of the Flash. When deleting
the fat file, use the delete /unreserved plus name of the file to be deleted in user view (you
can view the file name using the dir command in user view). Then, use TFTP to download the fit
file, and set the working mode of the AP to the fit AP mode.
When you switch the working mode of the AP at the CLI, the configuration file used for next
startup is set to null. After you reboot the AP, the system starts with the factory default
configuration of the current mode.

Set the working mode to fat AP


To set the working mode of the AP working in the fit AP mode to the fat AP mode,
execute the wlan ap-execute ap-name conversion-to-fatap command on the AC or
US:
For example, set the working mode of ap1_003 to the fat AP mode:
<Sysname> system-view
35

[Sysname] wlan ap excute ap1_003 concersion-to-fatap

CAUTION:
After setting the working mode of the AP at the CLI, you must restart the AP to make your
configuration take effect.
You can use the wlan ap-execute ap-name conversion-to-fatap command on an AC or a US
to set the working mode of the AP to fat AP only in the case that the AP running as a fit AP is
associated with the AC or US and the fat AP version is stored in the Flash.

Upgrading applications through the serial port


Xmodem overview
To upgrade applications through a serial port, use the XMODEM protocol.
XMODEM is a file transfer protocol that is widely used because of its simplicity and good
performance. XMODEM transfers files via serial ports. It supports two types of data
packets (128 bytes and 1 KB), two check methods (checksum and CRC), and error
packet retransmission mechanism (generally the maximum number of transmission
attempts is ten).
The XMODEM transmission procedure is completed by the cooperation of a receiving
program and a sending program. The receiving program sends a negotiation character
to negotiate a check method. After the negotiation, the sending program starts to send
data packets. Upon receiving a complete packet, the receiving program checks the
packet using the agreed method.

If the check succeeds, the receiving program sends an ACK character and the
sending program proceeds to send the next packet.

If the check fails, the receiving program sends a NAK character and the sending
program retransmits the packet.

Modifying serial communication parameters


In actual applications, you must increase the serial interface baud rate to save
updating time or decrease it to guarantee transmission reliability. This section introduces
how to adjust the serial interface baud rate.
Enter the BootWare main menu.

36

For the WA2200 series, WA2600 enhanced APs, and WA2600 outdoor APs, select 2
to enter the serial interface submenu, and then select 3 from the submenu to
modify the baud rate.

For the WA2600 series indoor APs, select 2 to enter the serial interface submenu,
and then select 5 from the submenu to modify the baud rate.

===============================<BAUDRATE SET>===============================
|Note:'*'indicates the current baudrate
|

Change The HyperTerminal's Baudrate Accordingly

|---------------------------<Baudrate Avaliable>------------------------- |
|<1> 9600(Default)*

|<2> 19200

|<3> 38400

|<4> 57600

|<5> 115200

|<0> Exit

============================================================================
Enter your choice(0-5):

Select an appropriate baud rate. For example, select 5 for 115200 bps. The following
information appears:
Baudrate has been changed to 115200 bps.
Please change the terminal's baudrate to 115200 bps, press ENTER when ready.

Now that the serial interface baud rate of the AP has been changed to 115,200 bps
while that of the terminal is still 9,600 bps, the AP and the terminal cannot communicate
with each other. Change the baud rate to 115,200 bps in HyperTerminal.
1.

Disconnect the terminal connection in HyperTerminal, as shown below:

Figure 2 Disconnect the terminal connection

2.

Choose File > Properties. In the Properties dialog box, click Configure and select
115,200 in the Bits per second drop-down list box.

37

Figure 3 Modify the baud rate

3.

Select Call > Call to reestablish the connection.

Figure 4 Reconnect the call

4.

Press Enter in the serial interface submenu.

NOTE:
After downloading files with a changed baud rate, timely change the baud rate back to 9,600
bps in HyperTerminal to ensure the normal display on the console screen when the system boots
or reboots.

38

Upgrading an application
Upgrading an application through the serial port is implemented in the submenu of the
serial port.
Enter the BootWare main menu, and select 2 to enter the serial port submenu. For more
information about this menu, see Serial interface submenu.
Upgrade main application wa2200_fat.bin:
1.

Change the communication baud rate by referring to Modifying serial


communication parameters. Select 2 from the serial interface submenu. The
following prompt appears:

Please Start To Transfer File, Press <Ctrl+C> To Exit.


Waiting...CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
2.

Select Transfer > Send file in the HyperTerminal window. The following dialog box
appears:

Figure 5 Send File dialog box

3.

Click Browse to select the application file to be downloaded, and select


Xmodem from the Protocol drop-down list. Then click Send. The following dialog
box appears:

39

Figure 6 Download the file using XMODEM

Upon successful download, the system displays the following information:


Download successfully!
7546496 bytes downloaded!

The system prompts you to name the application downloaded to the current storage
medium:
Input the File Name:
4.

If the input file name is different from the existing one, the downloaded application
is given this name, for example:

Input the File Name:wa2200_fat.bin


Updating File flash:/
wa2200_fat.bin......................................................
..............................................................................
..............................Done!
5.

Return to the BootWare main menu, and enter the file control submenu to set the
application as the main application. The system boots with this application at the
next boot. For more information about how to set the main application, see Set the
selected file as the main application program (loaded when the system starts)..

6.

If the input file name is the same as the existing one, the system prompts:

The file is exist,will you recover it? [Y/N]

40

If you select Y, the system overwrites the original application, and the AP boots with
the new application at the next boot.

If you select N, the system prompts:

Cancel to overwrite the file.


Failed!

The system cancels overwriting the existing application, and the upgrade fails.
NOTE:
The size of an application is typically big. Even if you change the baud rate to 115200 bps, the
upgrade process takes about 30 minutes. Therefore, H3C recommends that you upgrade an
application through an Ethernet.

Upgrading applications through TFTP at the CLI


The Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) is a TCP/IP protocol used for file transfer between
client and server. It provides a simple and low-overhead file transfer service. TFTP
provides unreliable data transfer over UDP and does not provide any access
authorization and authentication mechanism. It employs the timeout retransmission
method to implement best-effort delivery of data. Compared with FTP, TFTP has a much
smaller software size.

Setting up an upgrade environment


Set up an upgrade environment as shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8 .
Figure 7 Set up an upgrade environment
Ethernet cable
Console cable
AP
TFTP client

PC
TFTP server

41

Figure 8 Set up an upgrade environment

PoE

AP
TFTP client

Console
cable

Ethernet cable
PC
TFTP server

LAN switch

As shown in Figure 7 , AP serves as the TFTP client, and the PC serves as the TFTP
server. Connect the Ethernet interface on the AP to the PC by using a crossover
Ethernet cable. Ensure the connectivity between the AP and the PC. In the
example, the IP address of VLAN-interface 1 of the AP is 192.168.0.2, and that of the
PC is 192.168.0.1.

As shown in Figure 8 , AP serves as the TFTP client, and the PC serves as the TFTP
server. Connect AP and PC through a PoE switch. In the example, the IP address of
VLAN-interface 1 of AP is 192.168.0.2, and that of the PC is 192.168.0.1.

Enable TFTP Server on the PC and set the path where the application file is stored.
NOTE:
The TFTP server software is not provided with the AP. Make sure that it is available.

Displaying the system files and available space of the storage


medium
Use the dir command on the console terminal to view the files contained in the current
file system and the available space.
<Sysname>dir
Directory of flash:/
0

-rw-

7884208 Apr 26 2000 12:04:49

-rw-

1093 Apr 26 2000 12:01:37

startup.cfg

-rw-

9126 Apr 26 2000 12:01:27

config.cwmp

-rw-

33 Apr 26 2000 12:01:27

14986 KB total (7234 KB free)


<Sysname>

42

wa2200_fat.bin

system.xml

Table 8 dir command output description


Field

Description

Directory of flash:/

The current directory name


r: The file or directory is readable.

rw

w: The file or directory is writable.


If the available space of the flash is not enough,

14986 KB total (7234 KB free)

the upgrade fails.

Upgrading an application.
You can download an application from a TFTP server to your AP, and upgrade the
original application with the new one. The configuration takes effect at the next boot of
the AP.
Download application file wa2200_fat.bin from the PC to the AP.

1.

<Sysname>tftp 192.168.0.1 get wa2200_fat.bin


The file wa2200_fat.bin exists. Overwrite it? [Y/N]:y
Verifying server file...
Deleting the old file, please wait...
...................................
File will be transferred in binary mode
Downloading file from remote TFTP server, please wait...................
..........................................
TFTP: 7884208 bytes received in 13 second(s)
File downloaded successfully.
<Sysname>.

CAUTION:
If the file name already exists on the AP, the system prompts whether to overwrite the file on
the AP. You must choose Y or N for confirmation.
For information about the tftp command, see FTP and TFTP in the H3C WA Series WLAN Access
Points Fundamentals Command Reference.
You can update a configuration file in the way you update an application file. A
configuration file can be modified by a text editor. You can modify a configuration file and
then download the modified configuration file to the AP, and the modification takes effect
after the AP reboots.

43

Backing up an application
To back up an application, you can upload the application from your AP to a TFTP
server.
Upload application file wa2200_fat.bin on the AP to the PC, and save it as
wa2200_fat.bin.
<H3C> tftp 192.168.0.1 put wa2200_fat.bin wa2200_fat.bin
File will be transferred in binary mode
Sending file to remote TFTP server. Please wait...
TFTP: 7884208 bytes sent in 13 second(s).
File uploaded successfully.

When you back up an application, if the file name already exists on the AP, the system
does not output any information, but directly overwrites the existing file.
For information about the tftp command, see FTP and TFTP in the Fundamentals
Command Reference in the H3C WA Series WLAN Access Points Command References.
To back up a configuration file, use the same method.

Table 9 Output description of commands for application upgrade and backup when
the AP serves as a TFTP client
Output

Description
Download the file to be upgraded from the

tftp 192.168.0.1 get wa2200_fat.bin

server.

The file wa2200_fat.bin exists. Overwrite it?

Prompt you whether to overwrite the existing

[Y/N]:

file.

TFTP: 7884208 bytes received in 13

The file is downloaded and upgraded.

second(s)
tftp 192.168.0.1 put wa2200_fat.bin

Upload the file from the AP to the TFTP server.

wa2200_fat.bin
TFTP: 7884208 bytes sent in 13 second(s).

44

The file is uploaded and backed up


successfully.

Upgrading an application using FTP at the CLI


When the application file is large, you can also upgrade it using FTP to save upgrade
and maintenance time.
As an application layer protocol in the TCP/IP suite, the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is
mainly used for file transfer between remote hosts. FTP provides reliable,
connection-oriented data transfer service over TCP. Compared with TFTP, the FTP
software is much bigger.

CAUTION:
The AP can only serve as the FTP client, rather the FTP server to provide FTP services.

Setting up an upgrade environment


Set up an upgrade environment by referring to Figure 9 and Figure 10 .
Figure 9 Set up an upgrade environment
Ethernet cable
Console cable
AP
FTP client

PC
FTP server

Figure 10 Set up an upgrade environment

PoE

AP
FTP client

Console
cable

Ethernet cable
LAN switch

PC
FTP server

As shown in Figure 9 , the AP serves as the FTP client, and the PC serves as the FTP
server. Connect the Ethernet interface on the AP to the PC by using a crossover
Ethernet cable. Ensure the connectivity between the AP and the PC. In the

45

example, the IP address of VLAN-interface 1 is 192.168.0.2, and that of the PC is


192.168.0.1.

In the upgrade environment shown in Figure 10 , AP serves as the FTP client, and the
PC serves as the FTP server. AP and the PC are connected through a PoE switch.
Ensure the connectivity between the AP and the PC. In the example, the IP address
of VLAN-interface 1 is 192.168.0.2, and that of the PC is 192.168.0.1.

NOTE:
The FTP server is not installed on the AP by default. You must purchase and install it yourself.

Displaying the system files and available space of the storage


medium
Use the dir command on the console terminal to view the files contained in the current
file system and the available space. For more information about the output description
of the dir command, see Table 8 .
<Sysname>dir
Directory of flash:/
0

-rw-

7884208 Apr 26 2000 12:04:49

-rw-

1093 Apr 26 2000 12:01:37

startup.cfg

-rw-

9126 Apr 26 2000 12:01:27

config.cwmp

-rw-

33 Apr 26 2000 12:01:27

14986 KB total (7234 KB free)


<Sysname>

Logging in to the FTP server from the AP


Log in to the FTP server using FTP from the AP.
<Sysname>ftp 192.168.0.1
Trying 192.168. 0.1..
Press CTRL+K to abort
Connected to 192.168. 0.1.
220 3Com 3CDaemon FTP Server Version 2.0
User(192.168. 0.1:(none)):ftpuser
331 User name ok, need password
Password:
230 User logged in
[ftp]

46

wa2200_fat.bin

system.xml

Upgrading an application
You can download an application from an FTP server to your AP, and overwrite the
original application with the new one. The configuration takes effect at the next boot of
the AP.
Download application file wa2200_fat.bin from the PC to the AP.
<Sysname>ftp
[ftp]get wa2200_fat.bin
flash:/wa2200_fat.bin has been existing. Overwrite it? [Y/N]:y
227 Entering passive mode (192,168,0,1,4,128)
125 Using existing data connection
.....................................................226 Closing data connection;
File transfer successful.
FTP: 7884208 byte(s) received in 271.703 second(s), 29.00K byte(s)/sec.
[ftp]quit
221 Service closing control connection

If the file name already exists on the AP, the system prompts whether to overwrite the file
on the AP. You need to choose Y or N for confirmation.
For information about the get command, see FTP and TFTP in the Fundamentals
Command Reference in the H3C WA Series WLAN Access Points Command References.
You can update a configuration file in the way you update an application file. A
configuration file can be modified by a text editor. You can modify a configuration file
and then download the modified configuration file to the AP, and the modification
takes effect after the AP reboots.

Backing up an application
To back up an application, you can upload the application from your AP to an FTP
server.
Upload application file wa2200_fat.bin on the AP to the PC, and save it as
wa2200_fat.bin.
<Sysname>ftp
[ftp]put wa2200_fat.bin
227 Entering passive mode (192,168, 0,1,5,34)
125 Using existing data connection
...............................................226 Closing data connection; File
transfer successful.
FTP: 7884208 byte(s) sent in 271.703 second(s), 29.00Kbyte(s)/sec
47

[ftp]quit
221 Service closing control connection

When you back up an application, if the file name already exists on the AP, the system
does not output any information, but directly overwrites the existing file.
For information about the tftp command, see FTP and TFTP in the Fundamentals
Command Reference in the H3C WA Series WLAN Access Points Command References.
To back up a configuration file, use the same method.

Table 10 Output description of commands for application upgrade and backup when
the AP serves as the FTP client
Output

Description
Download the file to be upgraded

[ftp]get wa2200_fat.bin wa2200_fat.bin

from the FTP server.

flash:/wa2200_fat.bin has been existing. Overwrite

Prompt you whether to overwrite the

it? [Y/N]:

file with the same name.

FTP: 7884208 byte(s) received in 271.703 second(s),

The file is downloaded and

29.00K byte(s)/sec.

upgraded.
Upload the file from the AP to the FTP

[ftp] put wa2200_fat.bin wa2200_fat.bin

server for backup.

FTP: 7884208 byte(s) sent in 271.703 second(s),


29.00Kbyte(s)/sec
[ftp]quit

The file is uploaded and backed up.


Exit FTP client view.
Close the service control

221 Service closing control connection

connection.

Upgrading an application by using FTP with the default configuration


This function is applicable to the case that an application is deleted completely and a
new application needs to be downloaded. For this approach of upgrading an
application, the working mode of the AP must be fat AP.

Set up an upgrade environment


Set up an upgrade environment as shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10 .
48

Enable FTP server on the PC and set the path where the application file is stored.

Upgrade the application


Upon power-on of the WA2200 series, the following is displayed:
System is starting...
Booting Normal Extend BootWare...
The Extend BootWare is self-decompressing...................Done!
****************************************************************************
*

H3C WA2200 BootWare, Version 2.09

*
*

****************************************************************************
Copyright (c) 2004-2010 Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
Compiled Date
CPU Type

: Apr 21 2010
: PPC 405EP

CPU L1 Cache
CPU Clock Speed

: 32KB
: 266MHz

Memory Type

: SDRAM

Memory Size

: 64MB

Memory Speed

: 133MHz

BootWare Size

: 512KB

Flash Size

: 16MB

PCB Version

: Ver.B

BootWare Validating...
Press Ctrl+B to enter extended boot menu...
1.

When the prompt Press Ctrl+B to enter extended boot menu... appears, press
Ctrl+B to enter the BootWare menu. If you do not press Ctrl+B within one second,
the system displays the following information:

Starting to get the main application file--flash:/wa2200_fat.bin!


The main application file does not exist--flash:/wa2200_fat.bin!
Starting to get the backup application file--flash:/backup.app!
The backup application file does not exist--flash:/backup.app!
Starting to get the secure application file--flash:/secure.app!
The secure application file does not exist--flash:/secure.app!
Booting App fails!
2.

The system uses the default configuration to download the application.

Protocol (FTP or TFTP) : ftp


Load File Name

: wa2200_fat.bin

Target File Name

: wa2200_fat.bin
49

Server IP Address

: 192.168.0.1

Local IP Address

: 192.168.0.50

Gateway IP Address
FTP User Name
FTP User Password

: 0.0.0.0
: wa2200
: wa2200

Loading..........................................................Done!
7884208 bytes downloaded!

Table 11 Description on the display information of setting Ethernet interface parameters


Parameter

Description

Protocol (FTP or TFTP)

Downloading flag

Load File Name

Name of the file to be loaded


Target file name. Name of the file to be

Target File Name

downloaded from the TFTP or FTP server.

Server IP Address

IP address of the TFTP or FTP server

Local IP Address

Default IP address of the AP

Gateway IP Address

Gateway IP address, no need to set.

FTP User Name

Default FTP username

FTP User Password

Default password of the FTP user

3.

Upon successful download, the application is automatically upgraded.

Updating File flash:/wa2200_fat.bin.........................................


........................Done!
4.

The upgrade is completed, and the system starts up automatically.

System is starting...

Upgrading an application through the web interface


Take a WA2200 series as an example to complete application upgrade. Select Device >
File Manage from the navigation tree to enter the file management page, as shown in
Figure 11 .

50

Displaying file list


On the top of the page, if you select a disk (APs support only flash at present) from the
drop-down list, the used space, free space, and total capacity of the disk will be
displayed at the right of the drop-down list, and all files saved in this disk (displayed in
the format of path + filename) and their sizes will be in the list below the drop-down list.
Figure 11 File management

Downloading a file
1.

Select Device > File Manage from the navigation tree to enter the file
management page, as shown in Figure 11 .

2.

Select a file from the list, click the Download File button, and then a File Download
dialog box appears. You can select to open the file or to save the file locally. You
can download only one file at one time.

51

Figure 12 File download

Uploading a file
1.

Select Device > File Manage from the navigation tree to enter the file
management page, as shown in Figure 11 .

2.

In the Upload File area at the bottom of the page, you can select a disk on which
the file is saved, and then select the file path and filename by clicking Browse.

3.

Click Apply to upload the file to the specified storage device.

NOTE:
Uploading a file takes some time. H3C recommends that you do not perform any operation on
the web interface during the upgrading procedure.

Removing a file
Select Device > File Manage from the navigation tree to enter the file management
page, as shown in Figure 11 . You can remove a file by using one of the following ways:

Click the

Select one or multiple files from the file list, and then click Remove File.

icon to remove a file.

52

Automatically managing and upgrading the


applications through an AC or a US
You cannot directly manage the AP working in the fit mode, but you can manage it by
associating it with an AC or a US.
Figure 13 Fit AP and AC (or US) network diagram

Console

AP

PC
AC or US
Auto Update Server

PoE

DHCP Server

TFTP Server

NOTE:
You can use a DHCP server in the network to assign IP addresses for the PC and the fit AP.
Configure IP addresses in the same network segment for the TFTP server and the TFTP
client. In this example, configure the IP address of the TFTP server as 192.168.0.1 and
192.168.0.2 for the Ethernet interface of AC or US connecting with the TFTP server. Use
the ping command to check whether the AP and the AC are connected successfully.

Associating the fit AP with an AC or a US


Viewing the system information of the fit AP
Since a fit AP is uniquely associated with the AC or US by the serial-ID of the fit AP, you
need to first view the serial-ID of the fit AP. Each model of the WA2200 series has a model
number. The serial-ID and the model number of a fit AP are set before delivery and are
printed on the barcode at the back of the AP.

Associating the fit AP with the AC or US


Follow these steps to associate the fit AP with the AC or US:
1.

Enter system view.

53

<Sysname>system-view
2.

On the AC or US, create AP view for the fit AP, with the view type consistent with the
model number of the fit AP. For example, create AP view with the name aptest2
and the type WA2220X_AG.
[Sysnamewlan ap aptest2 model WA2220X-AG

3.

Configure the corresponding serial-ID of the fit AP in AP view, for example,


210235A29G007C000020.
[Sysname-wlan-ap-aptest2]serial-id 210235A29G007C000020

4.

Configure the first RF interface in AP view and enable and the RF interface. For
example, set the RF type of the first RF interface in AP view named aptest2 to
802.11a and the channel number to 149 (with country code CN), and enable the
RF interface.
[Sysname-wlan-ap-aptest2]radio 1 type dot11a
[Sysname-wlan-ap-aptest2-radio-1]channel 149
[Sysname-wlan-ap-aptest2-radio-1]radio enable

5.

After the above operations, AP view named aptest2 is associated with the fit AP
whose serial-ID is 210235A29G007C000020 and you can associate the fit AP with the
AC or US.

Automatically upgrading the application of the AP through the AC or


US
After the associating a fit AP with an AC or US, you can automatically upgrade the
application of the fit AP through command lines on the AC or US.
CAUTION:
Automatic upgrade of the AP is triggered only when the application version of the AC or US is
inconsistent with that of the AP.
Automatic upgrade is completed by the AC or US. Do not perform any configuration on the
AP.

Download the application to the Flash of the AC or US


The AC or US serves as the TFTP client, and the file server serves as the TFTP server. You
can access the TFTP server from the client by typing corresponding commands, and
download the application to the AC or US.

Upgrade the application of the AP


After setting an upgrade environment, perform the following operations on the terminal:

54

1.

Use the dir command on the console terminal to view the files contained in the
current file system and the available space.
<Sysname>dir
Directory of flash:/
0

-rw-

9102056 Jan 03 2008 10:54:34

-rw-

588 Nov 29 2007 10:28:05

-rw-

26348 Dec 06 2007 10:37:53

main.bin
startup.cfg
default.diag

31750 KB total (20874 KB free)


2.

Download application wa2200_fit.bin of the AP from the TFTP server to the AC or US:
<Sysname>tftp 192.168.0.1 get wa2200_fit.bin
File will be transferred in binary mode
Downloading file from remote TFTP server, please wait...|
TFTP: 3262168 bytes received in 17 second(s)
File downloaded successfully.
<Sysname>
The file wa2200_fit.bin exists. Overwrite it? [Y/N]:y
Verifying server file...
Deleting the old file, please wait...
File will be transferred in binary mode
Downloading file from remote TFTP server, please wait...\
TFTP: 3262168 bytes received in 17 second(s)
File downloaded successfully.
<Sysname>

CAUTION:
If a file system with the same name exists on the AC or US, the system prompts you whether to
overwrite the existing one. Select Y/N for confirmation.
For more information about the tftp command, see FTP and TFTP in the H3C WA Series WLAN
Access Points Fundamentals Command Reference.
The application of the AC or US must be saved under the directory Flash:/; otherwise, the
application cannot be upgraded.

Upgrade the application of the AC or US


For more information, see chapter Maintaining Software in the corresponding AC or US
installation guide or the corresponding software maintenance guide.

CAUTION:
Before an upgrade, ensure the consistency of the application versions of the AP and the AC or
US; otherwise, the AP cannot work normally.
55

On the AC or US, you can use the wlan apdb model-name hardware-version software-version
command to set the matrix between AP version and AC (or US) version. For more information,
see WLAN Service in the H3C WA Series WLAN Access Points WLAN Command Reference.

Restart the AC or US
1.

After AP application download and AC or US application upgrade, restart the AC


or US:

<Sysname> reboot
Start to check configuration with next startup configuration file, please wait.
........DONE!
This command will reboot the device. Continue? [Y/N]:y
Now rebooting, please wait...
2.

After AC or US reboot, all the APs associated with it will finish application upgrade
and reboot automatically.

CAUTION:
Automatic AP upgrade results in service interruption. Therefore, perform automatic upgrade
when appropriate.
By default, when the AP is being automatically upgrade, the AC or US does not give any
prompt.
If the AP cannot work normally as a result of automatic upgrade, check whether the AP
version is consistent with the AC or US version. If not, you can download the AP application to
upgrade the AP, without restarting the AC or US.

Maintaining application and configuration files


You can use the file control submenu to display delete file types.
Take a WA2200 series as an example. Select 4 from the BootWare main menu to enter
the file control submenu. The following information appears:
===============================<File CONTROL>=============================
|Note:the operating device is flash

|<1> Display All File(s)

|<2> Set Application File type

|<3> Delete File

|<0> Exit To Main Menu

==========================================================================
Enter your choice(0-3):

56

Displaying all files


Display all files at the CLI
<Sysname>dir
Directory of flash:/
0

-rw-

7884208 Apr 26 2000 12:04:49

wa2200_fat.bin

-rw-

1093 Apr 26 2000 12:01:37

startup.cfg

-rw-

9126 Apr 26 2000 12:01:27

config.cwmp

-rw-

33 Apr 26 2000 12:01:27

system.xml

14986 KB total (7234 KB free)


<Sysname>

Table 12 dir command output description


Field

Description

Directory of flash:/

The current directory name


r: The file or directory is readable.

rw

w: The file or directory is writable.


If the available space of the flash is not enough,

14986 KB total (7234 KB free)

the upgrade fails.

For more information about the dir command, see File Management in the H3C WA
Series WLAN Access Points Fundamentals Command Reference.

Display all files in the BootWare menu


Select 1 from the file control submenu. The following information appears:
Display all file(s) in flash:
'M' = MAIN

'B' = BACKUP

'S' = SECURE

'N/A' = NOT ASSIGNED

==========================================================================
|NO. Size(B)
|1

7884208

|2

428

|3

3923104

Time

Type

Aug/08/2008 20:00:00 M
Apr/26/2000 12:00:34 N/A
Apr/26/2000 12:01:38 B

Name

wa2200_fat.bin

private-data.txt

wa2200_fit.bin

==========================================================================

Setting the application file type


Set the application file attribute at the CLI
Specify application file wa2200_fat.bin as the main boot file.
<H3C> boot-loader file wa2200_fat.bin main

57

This command will set the boot file of the specified board. Continue? [Y/N]:
The specified file will be used as the main boot file at the next reboot on slot
5!

For more information about the boot-loader command, see Device Management in the
H3C WA Series WLAN Access Points Fundamentals Command Reference.

Set the application file attribute in the BootWare menu


Select 2 from the file control submenu to set the application file type. For more
information, see Switching the working mode through the bootware menu.

Removing a file
Remove a file at the CLI
To remove a file, execute the delete [ /unreserved ] file-url in user view, where,

/unreserved: Permanently deletes the files.

file-url: Name of the file to be deleted.

1.

Remove file test.txt in the root directory.


<Sysname>delete test.txt
Delete flash:/test.txt?[Y/N]:y
%Delete file flash:/test.txt...Done.

File test.txt is removed into the recycle bin. To remove the deleted file from the
recycle bin, use the undelete command.
2.

Restore the deleted file test.txt from the recycle bin.


<H3C>undelete test.txt
Undelete flash:/test.txt? [Y/N]:y
% Undeleted file flash:/test.txt.

For more information about the delete and undelete commands, see File Management
in the in the H3C WA Series WLAN Access Points Fundamentals Command Reference.

Remove a file in the BootWare menu


1.

Select 3 from the file control submenu to remove a file.

Deleting the file in flash:


'M' = MAIN

'B' = BACKUP

'S' = SECURE

'N/A' = NOT ASSIGNED

==========================================================================
|NO. Size(B)

Time

Type
58

Name

|1

7884208

|2

428

|3

3923104

|0

Exit

Aug/08/2008 20:00:00 M
Apr/26/2000 12:00:34 N/A
Apr/26/2000 12:01:38 B

wa2200_fat.bin

private-data.txt

wa2200_fit.bin

|
|

==========================================================================
Enter file No:2
2.

Select file number 2, and the system prompts:

The file you selected is flash:/private-data.txt,Delete it? [Y/N]Y


3.

Enter Y. If the system prompts the following, the file is deleted.

Deleting.......Done!

To return to the main menu


Select 0 from the file control submenu to return to the BootWare main menu.

Dealing with password loss


This section describes how to deal with password loss.

User password loss


If you forget your user password, the system will refuse your login. In this case, set a new
user password by following the steps below.
1.

Enter the BootWare main menu and select 6 to bypass the current configuration in
system startup.
The following information appears:
Flag Set Success.

2.

When the BootWare main menu appears again, select 0 to restart the system.
System is starting...

3.

Set a new user password in system view.


[Sysname]user-interface conole 0
[Sysname-ui-console0]authentication-mode password
[Sysname-ui-console0]set authentication password simple 123456

This information indicates that password authentication is used for console port login,
the password is set to 123456, and it is stored in plain text.

59

NOTE:
After reboot, the system runs with the initial default configuration, while the original
configuration file is still kept in the Flash. To restore the original configuration, use the display
saved-configuration command to locate the configuration file, and then copy and run it.
If the password is stored in plain text, you can use the display current-configuration command
to view the password in the current configuration. If you use the set authentication password
cipher 123456 command to set your password, the password is stored in cipher text.

4.

Save your new password.

[Sysname] save
The current configuration will be written to the device. Are you sure? [Y/N]:y
Please input the file name(*.cfg)[flash:/startup.cfg]
(To leave the existing filename unchanged, press the enter key):
flash:/startup.cfg exists, overwrite? [Y/N]:y
Validating file. Please wait.........................
Configuration is saved to device successfully.
5.

After modifying the user password, use the save command to save it.

Bootware password loss


Contact H3C technical support if you forget the BootWare password. They will help you
log in to the access controller and set a new password.
To change the BootWare password, enter the BootWare main menu, select 5, and
follow the prompts:
please input old password:
Please input new password:
Please input new password again:
Password Set Successfully.

If you enter a wrong old password, the system prompts Wrong password,Please
input password again.

If you fail to input a correct password within three attempts, the system prompts
Wrong password,system halt.

An input BootWare password is displayed as *.

The BootWare password can consist of a maximum of 32 printable characters,


including letters, numerals, and symbols. If you input a password longer than 32
characters, the system automatically uses the first 32 characters as the password.

60

Super password loss


The super password enables you to switch between four super levels. If you forget the
super password, you will be unable to perform some higher privilege operations.
Follow these steps to bypass the super password:
1.

Select 8 from the BootWare main menu.

===========================<EXTEND-BOOTWARE MENU>===========================
|<1> Boot System

|<2> Enter Serial SubMenu

|<3> Enter Ethernet SubMenu

|<4> File Control

|<5> Modify BootWare Password

|<6> Skip Current System Configuration

|<7> BootWare Operation Menu

|<8> Clear Super Password

|<9> Storage Device Operation

|<0> Reboot

============================================================================
Enter your choice(0-9):8

Clearing super password succeeded if the following output displays:


Clear Application Password Success

2.

Exit the menu and reboot the access controller. You will directly enter system view
after the access controller restarts.
This setting works only once. When the access controller is restarted for a second
time, the super password is restored.

61

7 Troubleshooting
This chapter describes how to troubleshoot H3C WA series WLAN access points problems.
If you cannot solve a system problem, contact the H3C technical support staff.

Email address: customer_service@h3c.com

Website: http://www.h3c.com/

Symptom 1
When the AP is powered on, no information is output on the console port although the
serial port of the PC is connected to the RJ-45 port of the AP.

Analysis

If the serial port of the PC is connected to the network port of the AP, no
information is output.

If the serial port settings are not correct, the serial port works abnormally.

Solution

Check whether the serial port of the PC is connected to the network port of the AP.
If yes, connect the serial port to the port with silkscreen CONSOLE on the AP panel.

Check the serial port settings of the PC. The correct port settings should be: 9600
bps baud rate, no parity check, and 8 data bits.

Symptom 2
When the AP is powered on, it cannot be connected to the network.

Analysis

If the network cable is connected to the console port of the AP, the AP cannot be
connected to the network.

If the length of the network cable exceeds the specifications (for example, 100 m,
or 328.08 ft.), the AP may not be able to connect to the network.

62

If the network cable is neither a straight-through nor a cross-over cable, the AP may
not be able to connect to the network.

Solution

If the network cable is connected to the console port of the AP, connect it to the
network port by referencing the Installation Guide of the AP.

Replace the network cable with one that meets the specifications.

Replace the network cable with a standard network cable.

Symptom 3
When a power adapter and a PoE-MH are used to supply power to the AP through the
network port, the AP cannot be powered on.

Analysis
Except the power interface for the power adapter, the PoE-MH has two RJ-45 ports, with
one (# 1) at the same side as the power interface, and the other (# 2) on the other side.
The network cable for power supply should be plugged into RJ-45 # 2. If it is plugged into
RJ-45 # 1, power cannot be supplied to the AP.

Solution
Plug the network cable for power supply into the correct port of the PoE-MH.

Symptom 4
The optical interface of the AP cannot be connected to the network, and the output is
abnormal on the serial port.

Analysis
If you insert an optical transceiver with its upside down, short circuit of clock signals will
occur, and the system will work abnormally.

Solution
Restart the AP and make sure that the optical transceiver is plugged into the AP in a
right direction.
63

Symptom 5
The AP cannot be connected when the basic configurations of the AP are completed.

Analysis
Check that:

The radio on the AP is not enabled.

The channel and country code settings are incorrect.

The service template is not enabled.

Solution

Enable the radio.

Use the country code of your own country or region.

Enable the service template.

Symptom 6
The AP signal is weak when a client is associated with the AP.

Analysis
Check that:

The value of the max-power is too small.

No antenna is installed, or the antenna is not connected well.

The 2.4 GHz antenna is installed where the 5 GHz antenna should be installed.

The settings of the internal and external antennae are incorrect.

Solution

Set the max-power to the largest.

Install an antenna, and check whether the antenna is well connected.

Correctly installing the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz antennae.

Correctly configure the internal and external antennae.

64

8 Support and other resources


Related documentation
To configure a WA series WLAN access point through the Web interface, see H3C WA
Series WLAN Access Points Web-Based Configuration Guide.
Manual
H3C WA Series WLAN
Access Points Web-Based
Configuration Guide

Description
Guides you to configure software features through the web
management interface, details the configuration items of the
WA series access points, and gives configuration examples for
the corresponding features.

To learn the hardware structure and installation procedure of a WA series WLAN access
point, see the supplied documentation, or log in to http://www.h3c.com to get the
relevant installation manual or quick start.
Manual

Description
Describes the hardware configuration, interfaces and LEDs,

H3C WA2200 Series WLAN

installation preparations, grounding and lightning protection,

Access Points Installation

installation of outdoor antennas, connection of external

Manual

cables, indoor installation, and outdoor installation of the


WA2200 series WLAN access points (802.11a/b/g).
Describes the hardware configuration, interfaces and LEDs,

H3C WA2210X-GE WLAN

installation preparations, grounding and lightning protection,

Access Point Installation

installation of outdoor antennas, connection of external

Manual

cables, and outdoor installation of the WA2210X-GE WLAN


access point (802.11b/g).
Describes the hardware configuration, interfaces and LEDs,

H3C WA2600 Series

installation preparations, grounding and lightning protection,

Enhanced WLAN Access

connection of external cables, and installation of the H3C

Points Installation Manual

WA2600 series enhanced WLAN access points


(802.11a/b/g/n).

H3C WA2600 Series Indoor


WLAN Access Points
Installation Manual

Describes the hardware configuration, interfaces and LEDs,


installation preparations, connection of external cables, and
indoor installation of the H3C WA2600 series indoor WLAN
access points (802.11a/b/g/n).
65

Manual

Description

H3C WA2620-AGN WLAN


Access Point Quick Start

Describes the interfaces and LEDs, installation preparations,


and installation of the H3C WA2620-AGN WLAN access point
(802.11a/b/g/n).

To obtain other information about WA series WLAN access points, log in to


http://www.h3c.com to get the related documentation.

About the H3C WA documentation set


The H3C WA documentation set includes:

Category

Documents

Purposes

Product

Marketing brochures

Describe product specifications and


benefits.

description and
specifications

Technology white papers

Compliance

and

manual

software features and technologies.


Provides regulatory information and
the safety instructions that must be
followed during installation.
Guides you through initial installation

Hardware
specifications

safety

Provide an in-depth description of

and setup procedures to help you

Quick start

quickly set up and use your ap with

and installation

the minimum configuration.


Guides you through hardware
Installation guides

specifications and installation


methods to help you install your ap.

Software
configuration

Configuration guides

Command references

66

Describe software features and


configuration procedures.
Provide a quick reference to all
available commands.

Category

Documents

Purposes
Provide information about the
product release, including the version

Operations and
maintenance

history, hardware and software

Release notes

compatibility matrix, version upgrade


information, technical support
information, and software upgrading.

Contact us
You can access the most up-to-date H3C product documentation on the World Wide
Web at http://www.h3c.com.
Click the links on the top navigation bar to obtain different categories of product
documentation:
[Technical Support & Documents > Technical Documents] Provides hardware
installation, software upgrading, getting started, and software feature configuration
and maintenance documentation.
[Products & Solutions] Provides information about products and technologies, as well
as solutions.
[Technical Support & Documents > Software Download] Provides the documentation
released with the software version.

Technical support
For worldwide technical support information, see the H3C support website:
http://www.h3c.com

Documentation feedback
You can e-mail your comments about product documentation to info@h3c.com.
We appreciate your comments.

67

Document conventions and symbols


Conventions
Convention

Element

Blue text: Table 24

Cross-reference links and email addresses

Blue underlined text:

Website addresses

http://www.hp.com
Keys that are pressed

Bold text

Text entered into a GUI element, such as a box


GUI elements that are clicked or selected, such as
menu and list items, buttons, tabs, and check boxes
Italic text

Text emphasis

Monospace text

File and directory names


System output
Code
Commands, their arguments, and argument
values
Code variables

Monospace, italic text

Command variables
Monospace, bold text

Emphasized monospace text


Indication that example continues

.
.
.

68

Symbols
WARNING!
Indicates that failure to follow directions could result in bodily harm or death.

CAUTION:
Indicates that failure to follow directions could result in damage to equipment or data.

IMPORTANT:
Provides clarifying information or specific instructions.

NOTE:
Provides additional information.

TIP:
Provides helpful hints and shortcuts.

69