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The future of LASIK looks promising, but the only way to ensure quality treatment is by
working with a professional doctor or LASIK surgeon. Learn more about LASIK and
other corrective eye procedures in our LASIK information guide, or find a LASIK
surgeon in your area to learn what treatment options are available.

Dr. Albith Colon Negron diopter - The diopter is the unit of measurement for optical
lenses. A one diopter lens will focus parallel light rays 1 meter from the lens and a two
diopter lens will focus 0.5 meter from the lens. A plus ( + ) 1.0 diopter lens is convex and
will converge the light rays so they focus as a visible image 1 meter past the lens. A
minus ( - ) 1.0 diopter lens is concave and will diverge or spread light. The minus lens
will not actually focus as a visible image on an optics table. Its image is known as a
virtual image and if the divergings rays were followed to their point of origin they would
focus 1 meter in front of the minus lens.

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There are many causes of pericarditis, including infection, kidney failure, metastatic
disease, some medications, and radiation therapy. Recent viral infection often precedes
pericarditis in young, otherwise healthy patients. In idiopathic pericarditis, no clear cause
is determined.

Patients who have suffered a heart attack (myocardial infarction) may develop
pericarditis over subsequent days or weeks. Kidney failure caused by the buildup of
certain toxins in the body also can lead to pericarditis. Cells from tumors in other parts of
the body occasionally spread (metastasize) to the pericardium, leading to irritation and
inflammation. Radiation therapy (used to treat cancer) can cause pericarditis also.
Pericarditis can develop in patients with diseases in which the immune system becomes
pathologically overactive, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. Tuberculosis was a
relatively common cause of pericarditis in the past, but this is now rare.

Some medications can trigger an immune response that causes pericarditis. These
medications include the antituberculosis medicine isoniazid (Nydrazid®), the
hypertension and heart failure medicine hydralazine (Apresoline®), the antibiotic
penicillin, the antiarrhythmic agent procainamide (Procanbid®, Pronestyl®), and the
seizure medication phenytoin (Dilantin®).

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