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How to Use this Module ........................................................................................................

iv
Introduction ............................................................................................................................ v
Technical Terms ..................................................................................................................... vi
Learning Outcome 1 Plan and Prepare for Installation ......................................................... 1
Information Sheet 4.1.1 ......................................................................................................... 3
Information Sheet 4.1.2 ......................................................................................................... 4
Self Check 4.1.2 ...................................................................................................................... 7
Information Sheet 4.1.3 ......................................................................................................... 8
Self-Check 4.1.3.................................................................................................................... 10
Information Sheet 4.1.4 ....................................................................................................... 11
Self-Check 4.1.4.................................................................................................................... 14
Information Sheet 4.1.5 ....................................................................................................... 15
Self-Check 4.1.5.................................................................................................................... 17
Information Sheet 4.1.6 ....................................................................................................... 18
Self-Check 4.1.6.................................................................................................................... 21
Information Sheet 4.1.7 ....................................................................................................... 22
Self-Check 4.1.7.................................................................................................................... 25
Information Sheet 4.1.8 ....................................................................................................... 26
Self-Check 4.1.8.................................................................................................................... 29
Information Sheet 4.1.9 ....................................................................................................... 30
Self-Check 4.1.9.................................................................................................................... 32
Information Sheet 4.1.10 ..................................................................................................... 33
Self-Check 4.1.10.................................................................................................................. 35

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Information Sheet 4.1.11 ..................................................................................................... 36


Self-Check 4.1.11 .................................................................................................................. 37
Information Sheet 4.1.12 ..................................................................................................... 38
Self-Check 4.1.12.................................................................................................................. 39
Information Sheet 4.1.13 ..................................................................................................... 40
Operation Sheet 4.1.1 .......................................................................................................... 41
Information Sheet 4.1.14 ..................................................................................................... 42
Self-Check 4.1.14.................................................................................................................. 50
Operation Sheet 4.1.14 ........................................................................................................ 51
Information Sheet 4.1.15 ..................................................................................................... 53
Job Sheet 4.1.15 ................................................................................................................... 74
Information Sheet 4.1.16 ..................................................................................................... 75
Job Sheet 4.1.16 ................................................................................................................... 88
Information Sheet 4.1.17 ..................................................................................................... 89
Self-Check 4.1.17.................................................................................................................. 94
Information Sheet 4.1.18 ..................................................................................................... 96
Self-Check 4.1.18................................................................................................................ 100
Information Sheet 4.1.19 ................................................................................................... 101
Self-Check 4.1.19................................................................................................................ 104
Answer Keys ....................................................................................................................... 105
Learning Outcome 2 Install Equipment, Device / System ................................................. 110
Information Sheet 4.2.1 ..................................................................................................... 112
Activity Sheet 4.2.1. ........................................................................................................... 114
Information Sheet 4.2.2 ..................................................................................................... 115
Self-Check 4.2.2.................................................................................................................. 116

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Information Sheet 4.2.3 ..................................................................................................... 117


Self Check 4.2.3 ................................................................................................................ 119
Information Sheet 4.2.4 ...................................................................................................... 120
Self-Check 4.2.4.................................................................................................................. 123
Information Sheet 4.2.5 ..................................................................................................... 124
Self-Check 4.2.5.................................................................................................................. 125
Information Sheet 2.6 ........................................................................................................ 126
Self-Check 4.2.6.................................................................................................................. 133
Information Sheet 4.2.7 ..................................................................................................... 134
Activity Sheet 4.2.7 ............................................................................................................ 137
Information Sheet 2.8 ........................................................................................................ 138
Operation Sheet 4.2.8 ........................................................................................................ 140
Answer Keys ....................................................................................................................... 141
Learning Outcome 3 Conduct Validation and Testing ....................................................... 143
Information Sheet 4.3.1 ..................................................................................................... 145
Self-Check 4.3.1.................................................................................................................. 148
Information Sheet 4.3.2 ..................................................................................................... 149
Operation Sheet 4.3.2. ....................................................................................................... 151
Information Sheet 4.3.3 ..................................................................................................... 152
Self-Check 4.3.3.................................................................................................................. 153
Information Sheet 4.3.4 ..................................................................................................... 154
Operation Sheet 4.3.4 ........................................................................................................ 157
Information Sheet 4.3.5 ..................................................................................................... 158
Operation Sheet 4.3.5. ....................................................................................................... 161
Answer Keys ....................................................................................................................... 162

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Welcome to the Module Installing of Computer System. This module contains


training materials and activities for you to complete.
The unit of competency Install Computer Systems and Networks contains
knowledge, skills and attitudes required for a Computer Hardware Servicing NC II course.
You are required to go through a series of learning activities in order to complete
each of the learning outcomes of the module. In each learning outcome there are
Information Sheets, Operation Sheets, and Activity Sheets. Follow these activities on your
own and answer the Self-Check at the end of each learning activity.
If you have questions, dont hesitate to ask your teacher for assistance.

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)


You may already have some of the knowledge and skills covered in this module
because you have:
o been working for some time
o already have completed training in this area.
If you can demonstrate to your teacher that you are competent in a particular skill or
skills, talk to him/her about having them formally recognized so you dont have to do he
same training again. If you have a qualification or Certificate of Competency from previous
trainings show it to your teacher. If the skills you acquired are still current and relevant to
this module, they may become part of the evidence you can present for RPL. If you are not
sure about the currency of your skills, discuss it with your teacher.
After completing this module ask your teacher to assess your competency. Result of
your assessment will be recorded in your competency profile. All the learning activities are
designed for you to complete at your own pace.
Inside this module you will find the activities for you to complete followed by
relevant information sheets for each learning outcome. Each learning outcome may have
more than one learning activity.

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Program/Course
Unit of Competency
Module

:
:
:

Computer Hardware Servicing NC II


Install Computer Systems and Networks
Installing of Computer Systems and Networks

INTRODUCTION:
This module contains information and suggested learning activities on Computer
Hardware Servicing II. It includes activities and materials on Installation of Computer
Systems and Networks.
Completion of this module will help you better understand the succeeding module
on the Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Computer Systems.

This module consists of 3 learning outcomes. Each learning outcome contains


learning activities supported by each instruction sheets. Before you perform the
instructions, read the information sheets and answer the self-check and activities provided
to ascertain to yourself and your teacher that you have acquired the knowledge necessary
to perform the skill portion of the particular learning outcome.
Upon completion of this module, report to your teacher for assessment to check
your achievement of knowledge and skills requirement of this module. If you pass the
assessment, you will be given a certificate of completion.
SUMMARY OF LEARNING OUTCOMES:
Upon completion of the module you should be able to:
LO1

Plan and prepare for installation

LO2

Install equipment and/or device and system

LO3

Conduct validation and testing

PRE-REQUISITES:

PC Operations

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Active Hubs amplify or boost signals


Anti-Static A product that prevents the build up of static electricity
BIOS Basic Input/Output System, chip that controls the most basic functions of the
computer and performs a self-test every time you turn it on.
Flash drive RAM that can retain data without electrical power. It is widely used for
BIOS chips and for digital camera and digital music storage.
Graphic tablet objects are drawn using a pen or a puck. The puck is technically a
tablet cursor, not a mouse.
Goggles A large spectacles, with shields around the rims, for protecting the eyes
from dust, excessive light, wind, etc.
Hard-disk drive is a storage device that stores billions of characters of data on a
non-removable disk.
Hardware- refers to the tangible (things you can touch) components of a computer
system. Hardware components are further divided into three groups namely

Host any computer whether mainframe, server, or even PC that acts as an


information source on a network.

Intelligent Hubs select which path a specific signal will travel


Joy Stick - a hand-held control stick that allows a player to control the movements of
a cursor on a computer screen or a symbol in a video game.
LAN Card Local area network interface card.
Laptop computer - A small, portable computer -- small enough that it can sit on your
lap.

Local Area Network- the smallest of the three network types consists of PCs
connected together within a limited area, such as within the same building, floor or
department.

Mainframe: A powerful multi-user computer capable of supporting many hundreds


or thousands of users simultaneously.

Metropolitan Area Network are network that spans no more than 50 miles. It is
design to connect LANs spanning a town or city

Minicomputer: A multi-user computer capable of supporting up to hundreds of users


simultaneously.

Metropolitan Area Network is a network that spans no more than 50 miles. It is


design to connect LANs spanning a town or city

Motherboard contains the CPU, BIOS, Memory, mass storage interfaces, serial and
parallel ports, expansion slot and all the controllers required to control standard
peripheral devices such as the display screen, keyboard and disk drive.
Modem - (Modulator-Demodulator) The modem is a device that allows a given
computer to share data or otherwise a device which let computers exchange
information

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Modular Hubs are popular in networks because they are easily expanded and
always have management option. It is purchased as chassis, or card cage, with
multiple card slots, each of which accepts a communication card, or module
Multimedia - is the combination of different types of communication media (sound,
print, video, and so on)
Multitester- is an instrument use to measure voltage, current and resistance.
NIC Network Interface Card The PC expansion board that plug into a personal
computer or server and works with the network operating system to control the flow
of information over the network.
Network is a communications system connecting two or more computers.
Network Bridge divides network into smaller, more manageable sections helping
reduce network traffic.
Network Hub - a hardware device that all PCs on a network are connected to by
cabling. The hub manages receiving and transmitting data from networked services.

Network Server- is a powerful computer whose sole purpose is to serve network


clients.

Network Switch It helps determine how data moves over large networks.
Notebook computer An extremely lightweight personal computer that weighs
weigh less than 6 pounds and are small enough to fit easily in a briefcase.
OHS Occupational Health and Safety
Operating System (Os) -software that controls the allocation and use of programs
and data that a computer uses.
Passive Hubs simply connects various cables

Personal computer: A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor.

Port hub /Port is a connector on the back of a computer or other device. A port is
either a serial port or a parallel port.

Peers- mean any computer sharing the same protocol layer with another computer.

Protocol refers to the specific standards governing the sending and receiving of
data.

Repeater a device that strengthens signals and allows then to stay clear over longer
distances.
Printer - It is a piece of hardware that produces a paper copy (also known as
hardcopy) of the information generated by the computer.
RAM Random Access Memory, is a primary memory. This memory is used inside
the computer to hold programs and data while it is running.
RJ 45 is the connector plugged into the NIC ports on computers and often
connecting the main networking hardware together.
Router a device that forwards data packets between Local or Wide Area Network
groups.
Scanner- it is an input device that read text or illustration printed on paper,
translates the information into a form that a computer can use.

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Server is a part of a network. It is a special computer that users on the network


can asses to carry out a particular job.
Software programs and data that a computer uses.
Software applications- enables you to perform specific tasks- solve problems,
perform work, or entertain yourself.
Sound Device Driver Installer / Sound and Audio Devices A windows XP Control
Panel applet, called Sounds, and Multimedia in Windows 2000, for configuring the
systems sound card.
Stackable Hubs work just like standalone hubs, except that several of them can be
stacked (connected) together, usually by short lengths of cable.
Standalone Hubs are single products with a number of ports. It is usually include
some method of linking them to other standalone hubs for network expansion.
Static The discharge of electricity between two objects with different electrical
potential
Sub notebook computer - A portable computer that is slightly lighter and smaller
than a full-sized notebook computer. Typically, sub notebook computers have a
smaller keyboard and screen, but are otherwise equivalent to notebook computers.
UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair) least expensive and most popular network media.
USB Universal Serial Bus, a hardware interface for low-speed peripherals such as
the keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, printer and telephony devices.
Video Camera - camera using videotape: a camera that records onto videotape

Wide Area Network used to distribute information thousand of miles among


thousands of users.

Wireless Hubs are hubs designed for the home

Workstation- is any network computer that connects to and request resources from
a network

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Program/Course
Unit of Competency
Module

Learning Outcome 01:

:
:
:

Computer Hardware Servicing NC II


Install Computer Systems and Networks
Installing of Computer Systems and Networks

Plan and Prepare for Installation

Assessment Criteria:
1. Installation procedure that conform with the requirements of OHS policies and
procedure is planned
2. Location of necessary devices/systems is determined relating to job requirements.
3. Appropriate tools, equipment and testing devices that conform to OHS are identified.
4. Strict impositions of material specifications are followed
5. Appointment of laboratory teachers is approved in line with planned procedure.
6. Unavoidable circumstances related to preparatory works are enumerated and given
priority.
Resources:
Equipment and Accessories

Tools

Materials

LAN Card

Screwdriver(standard)

Software applications

UPS

Screwdriver(Philips)

Network OS Software

Server

Long nose pliers

RJ 45

24 port-hub

Mechanical pliers

UTP Cat 5 cable

Modem

Allen wrench

Fax machine

Multitester

Motherboards manual
and installer

PC Video camera

Crimping tools

USB External CD writer

Soldering iron (30 watts)

USB scanner

Wire stripper

USB printers

LAN Tester

USB Flash Drive

Anti-static wrist wrap

Sound
device
installer

driver

Device drivers/installers

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References:

Sto. Domingo, Josephine C., Learning Windows XP and Internet the Easy Way
Computers - The Easy Way
Andres Sr., Antonio M. Introduction of Computer. Fully Illustrated, Valenzuela City;
May 2003 World Class Publishing and Packaging
HASOP (Hardware, Software and Peripherals) Reference Manual, 2005
Microsoft Encarta Reference Library 2005. 1993-2004
Microsoft
Corporation.
Computer Fundamentals, Makati City: STI Technology Institute Inc.; Copyright 1997
Marcelo, Antoinette R., Understanding PC Hardware, Philippines: Jemma Inc., 2007

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Occupational Health and Safety Policy


In the school as a computer teacher you must be aware of how your students
behave when they are working in the computer laboratory, as well as implementing a safe
way of accomplishing every task. Safety practices should be learned early and always
adhered to when working with any electrical device, including personal computers and
peripherals. This is for the protection of not only the people working with them, but also
for the devices themselves. The basis for this process begins with your Occupational Health
and Safety Policies.
Personal Safety While Working Along With PCs
Computer equipment can be dangerous, and you or others can be injured or even
killed if you dont follow proper safety guidelines when working along PCs. The following
are some precautionary measures to take before working with any computer equipment:

Wear shoes with non-conductive rubber soles to help reduce the chance of being
shocked or seriously injured in an electrical accident.

Do not work on components that are plugged into their power source.

Do not remove expansion cards from a computer when it is turned on.

Remove all jewelry when working inside any computer related equipment.

Be sure not to mix electronic components and water.

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Installing the Motherboard


1. Remove the Side Panel. Before installing the motherboard, or any other component, we
obviously need to open up the case. Most cases have two or three screws holding the side
panel on while others just pop off. When removing screws remember to put them in a safe
place so you don't lose them.

2. Take a look inside. Below is a picture of the inside of an average ATX case. Every case has
mounts where you screw the motherboard on. Feel free to find these.
SLIDE PANEL

INSIDE AN ATX COMPUTER CASE

3. Examine the motherboard. Make sure you are grounded using an antistatic wrist strap.
When handling a motherboard or configuring the jumpers place the motherboard on the
static bag it came in. Don't sit it on the carpet.

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4. Set the Jumpers. Before you can continue you need to set the jumpers on your
motherboard. The best way to explain this is read your manual for proper terminology and
placement. Look for a section on setting jumpers. Some motherboards are jumper less while
others are not.
5. Find necessary screw holes. Every motherboard has holes for screws. We have circled the
holes to easily locate them.

SCREW HOLES

6. Align screw holes and mounts. After that is done, simply align the screw holes with the
mounts and insert the screws.

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7. Plug in case connectors (system light, power button, and USB, if supported on case.)
This step can be confusing at first. Look for a big block of pins on your motherboard, usually
located at the bottom. Most boards label the pins, and most cases label the connectors. So
simply match up the connectors with the appropriate pins.

CASE CONNECTORS

8. Plug in power connector. Since the actual computer is not plugged in, we can go ahead
and plug the power supply into the motherboard.

POWER CONNECTORS

10. Double check steps 4 and 8. Always double check your work to ensure you haven't
forgotten anything.

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Directions. MATCHING TYPE. Match the steps in column A to the figures in Column B.
Write the letter only.

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

1. Plug in power connector


A

2. Remove all unnecessary metal plates

3. Align screw holes and mounts

4. Remove the Side Panel, take a look inside

5. Find necessary screw holes


E

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1. Put on Anti-Static Wrist Strap. Attach it to your wrist and then ground it to metal on the
case. This isn't completely necessary but highly recommended so you don't damage any
hardware. The slightest shock of static can easily damage components.

2. Locate the processor socket and lever. Look on your motherboard and you should see a
socket similar to the one in the image below. This is where you will place the processor.
Attached is a lever that locks the processor in place.

Lift the lever so it is vertical. This will prepare us for the next few steps.

3. Locate placement arrow and check processor. Most processors have an arrow or a cut
corner. This simply tells you how and where to insert the processor. Also look on the bottom
of the processor to ensure no pins are bent. If any are bent, contact the company and have
them send you a new one. Alternatively you can use a screwdriver and CAREFULLY bend
them back, though this is not recommended.

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ARROW OR A CUT

PROCESSOR

4. Install the processor. First, ensure the lever is lifted up or in the vertical position. There is
only one way the processor can be inserted so never force it in, it should practically fall into
place. Line the placement arrow closest to the lever and drop it in. Slowly lower the lever
until its all the way down. The processor is now installed and locked in place.

PROCESSOR

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Directions. MATCHING TYPE. Match the steps in column A to the figures in Column B
Write the letter only.

COLUMN A

1. Locate placement arrow and check processor

COLUMN B

2. Locate the processor socket and lever

3. Install the processor

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1. Locate thermal pad or apply thermal gel. Under the heat sink there should be a thermal
pad. Simply pull away and remove the plastic film. If there is no thermal pad so you need to
apply a thermal gel.
THERMAL GEL

THERMAL PAD

2. Place heat sink on processor. Never tilt heat sink when installing it. This could damage
the processor. Picture A) shows the incorrect way while picture B) shows the correct way to
install the heat sink.
CORRECT WAY OF INSTALLING
THE HEATSINK

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3. Heat Sink should not touch socket when fully attached.

HEATSINK
SOCKET

4. Attach clip to first plastic tab on socket.

CLIP

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5. Line up second clip with tab and attach. Check to ensure the second clip is aligned with
the second plastic tab. Using a flathead screwdriver and without applying pressure to heat
sink, push down on the clip and away so it can move past the tab then slightly push inward
to attach.

SECOND CLIP

6. Plug in power lead. The power lead is usually located near the processor. Please refer
back to the motherboard users manual for details on its location. Look for a "Jumper &
Connector Guide" section then look for a free fan connector named "CPU Fan Power" or
something similar.

POWER LEAD

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Directions. MATCHING TYPE. Match the steps in column A to the figures in Column B.
Write the letter only.

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

1. Heat Sink should not touch socket when fully


attached
A

2. Locate thermal pad or apply thermal gel


B

3. Attach clip to first plastic tab on socket

4. Place heat sink on processor

5. Line up second clip with tab and attach


E

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1. Locate notches in DIMM slots and RAM. These are essential when lining up ram to install
it. Since there are different types of RAM, there may be more than one notch. Below are
examples of what you should look for.
RAM

NOTCHES

DIMM SLOTS

2. Line up RAM with DIMM slots. Ram can only be inserted one way so simply line up the
notch on the ram with the notch on the DIMM slot.

DIMM SLOTS

RAM

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3. Install the RAM. After lining up the notches, insert the ram vertically into the slot. Firmly
press down on both ends until it snaps into place. You need to give it some muscle but DO
NOT force it in. If it doesn't go in, pull it out and ensure you aren't putting it in backwards.

Once it snaps in, ensure the levers (on both sides) are locked into place on the ram.

PROPER INSTALLATION OF RAM

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Directions. MATCHING TYPE. Match the steps in column A to the figures in Column B.
Write the letter only.

COLUMN A

1. Install the RAM

COLUMN B

2. Locate notches in DIMM slots and


RAM

3. Line up RAM with DIMM slots

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1. Remove second side panel from case. Using the same steps for removing the first side
panel to remove the second. This will enable you to screw the components in on both sides
so its more securely in place.
2. Remove face plate and insert drive into floppy bay. On the front of cases there are
plastic plates. These just pop out, usually just push it out from the inside. Slide the 3
floppy drive into the floppy bay as shown below.

FLOPPY
BAY

FACE PLATE

FLOPPY
DRIVE

3. Screw in the floppy drive. After you slide the drive into the bay, line up the screw holes
and insert the screws on both sides of the case.

SCREW

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4. Locate FDD Floppy Disk Drive cable. This is the cable that attaches the motherboard to
the Floppy Drive. The FDD cable looks the same as a regular IDE cable but is smaller in
width, has less pin holes, and has a set of twisted wires on it. It is usually included with the
floppy drive.

5. Hook it up to the motherboard. Locate the FDD connector on the motherboard. It should
look similar to the picture A) below. If you are unsure of its location refer back to the users
manual. Using the opposite side of the FDD cable, connect it to the FDD connector. There is
usually only one way to connect IDE and FDD cables but if you find there are two ways, you
must always line up the red wire with Pin#1.

FLOPPY DISK CONNECTOR

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6. Hook it up to the Floppy Drive. Using the same FDD cable, connect the other end to the
back of the floppy drive. Again, there should only be one way it can go in, but to make sure
it is installed properly, line up the red wire on the FDD cable with Pin #1.

FLOPPY DRIVE

7. Adding power. This is the easiest step. Grab an unused power cable, preferably one with
two leads on it. We recommend this since we can use the second lead for the hard drive in
the next lesson. With the power lead in hand, connect it to the back of the floppy drive. The
power lead can only be inserted one way.

POWER CABLE FOR THE


FLOPPY DRIVE

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Directions. MATCHING TYPE. Match the steps in column A to the figures in Column B.
Write the letter only.

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

1. Locate FDD Floppy Disk Drive cable

2. Remove face plate and insert drive into


floppy bay

3. Adding power

4. Hook it up to the motherboard

5. Hook it up to the Floppy Drive

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1. Set the Hard Drive Jumper. Open your hard drive users manual to the jumper section and
read it if you haven't already.

If you only have one hard drive, set the jumper to "Master" or "Single" depending on your
brand of hard drive. If you have two, set the one you are going to put an operating system
on to "Master" and the second to "Slave."

2. Insert into Hard Drive bay. In most cases there are open bays below the floppy drive.
Slide the hard drive in.

HARD DRIVE BAY

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3. Screw in Hard Drive. As you did with the floppy drive, line up the screw holes and insert
screws on both sides to ensure its securely in place.

SCREW

4. Connect IDE Cable to motherboard. Behind the FDD socket or near it is the Primary IDE
socket. As with the FDD cable there is only one way it can be inserted. It should line up
similar to the image below. Once it is lined up, firmly press down and it should slide into
place. Like with all cables, do not force it. If it does not go in the first time, you might have it
backwards.

IDE CONNECTOR

IDE CABLE

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5. Connect IDE Cable to Hard Drive. Use the same techniques from step 4 when connecting
it to the hard drive.

HARD DRIVE

IDE CABLE

6. Adding power. On the same power cable you used with the floppy drive, there is a larger
4 pin power lead. Plug this into the back of the hard drive. Also like with the floppy drive,
there is only one way it can plug in.

POWER CONNECTOR FOR


THE HARD DISK

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Directions. MATCHING TYPE. Match the steps in column A to the figures in Column B.
Write the letter only.

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

1.Connect IDE Cable to Hard Drive


A

2. Insert into Hard Drive bay


B

3. Adding power
C

4. Connect IDE Cable to motherboard


D

5. Screw in Hard Drive


E

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1. Set the Jumper on the CD-ROM. Grab your CD-ROM users manual to the jumper section
and read it if you haven't already.
If you only have one CD-ROM, set the jumper to "Master" or "Single" depending on your
brand of CD-ROM. If you have two, set one to "Master" and the second to "Slave."

2. Attach audio cable. You can either do this step now and string the cable through the bay
or wait until you have the CD-ROM installed. Using the cable shown below, simply connect it
to the back of the CD-ROM drive. I will show you where to plug in the other end in our PCI
Section.

AUDIO CABLE

3. Remove face plate and insert CD-ROM into bay. Similar to the floppy drive, pop the face
plate off and slide the drive into the bay as shown below.

CD ROM BAY

FACE PLATE

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4. Screw it in. Once the drives are in the bay, line up the holes and insert the screws. Do this
for both sides like you did with the hard drive and floppy drive.

SCREW
DRIVER

SCREW

5. Connect IDE Cable to motherboard. This step is the same as when installing the IDE cable
for the hard drive except you use a vacant IDE socket similar to the one below in image A.
Image B shows what yours should look similar to once they are all connected.

IDE
IDE

MOTHERBOARD

CABLE

CONNECTOR

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6. Connect IDE Cable to CD-ROM Drive. Use the same techniques you used to install the
hard drive IDE cable when connecting it to the CD-ROM drive.

IDE
CD ROM
CABLE
DRIVE

7. Adding power. Locate an unused 4 pin power lead and plug it into the back of the CDROM drive.

POWER CONNECTOR FOR THE


CD ROM

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Directions. MATCHING TYPE. Match the steps in column A to the figures in Column B.
Write the letter only.

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

1. Screw it in

2. Attach audio cable

3. Connect IDE Cable to CD-ROM Drive

4. Remove face plate and insert CD-ROM into


bay

5. Connect IDE Cable to motherboard


E

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1. Remove unnecessary temporary metal plate. Only remove the metal plate from the slot
you are going to use. If you do not remove this, you cannot install your video card.

FACE PLATE

2. Locate AGP Slot on Motherboard. Your AGP Slot should look similar to the one in the
image below

AGP SLOT

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3. Line up and install Video Card in AGP Slot. Line up the video card with the slot and gently
press down on both sides until it slides in place.

AGP SLOT

VIDEO CARD

4. Insert screw. There is only one screw needed to secure the video card in place

SCREW

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Directions. MATCHING TYPE. Match the steps in column A to the figures in Column B.
Write the letter only.

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

1. Line up and install Video Card in AGP Slot

2. Remove unnecessary temporary metal plate

3. Locate AGP Slot on Motherboard

4. Insert screw

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1. Remove any unnecessary temporary metal plates. Only remove the metal plates from
the slots you are going to use. If you do not remove these, you cannot install any PCI
components. Most either unscrew or pop out

METAL PLATE FOR THE


SOUND CARD

2. Locate PCI Slots on Motherboard. Your PCI Slots should look similar to the ones in the
image below.
PCI SLOT

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3. Line up and install Video Card in AGP Slot. Line up the video card with the slot and gently
press down on both sides until it slides in place.

SOUND CARD
AGP SLOT

4. Insert screw. There is only one screw needed to secure the video card in place.

SCREW

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Directions. MATCHING TYPE. Match the steps in column A to the figures in Column B.
Write the letter only.

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

1.Locate AGP Slot on Motherboard

2. Remove unnecessary temporary metal plate

3. Insert screw
C

4.Line up and install Video Card in AGP Slot


D

5.Give it CD Sound

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1. Line up holes with fan. On the inside of the case there should be a series of holes similar
to the one in the picture below. Line up the four corner holes with the holes on the fan.

HOLES

2. Insert screws. Once you have lined up the holes, simply insert the screws.

SCREWS

3. Plug in power lead to motherboard. Grab your motherboard manual and look for a
"Jumper & Connector Guide" section. Similar to plugging in the heatsink fan, look for a
vacant fan connector named "System Fan Power" or something similar. Once located, plug it
in!
POWER LEAD

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Directions. MATCHING TYPE. Match the steps in column A to the figures in Column B.
Write the letter only.

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

1. Plug in power lead to motherboard

2. Line up holes with fan

3. Insert screws

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1. Snap fan into housing. Some cases come with a plastic housing. After purchasing the
proper size fan, snap it into the housing.
FAN

SNAP

FAN HOUSING

2. Snap housing into case. Some are different than others, for ours we had to insert the left
side first, and then firmly press down on the right side until it snaps into place.

SNAP

SNAP

3. Plug in power lead to motherboard. Grab your motherboard manual and look for a
"Jumper & Connector Guide" section. Similar to plugging in the heatsink fan, look for a free
fan connector named "System Fan Power" or something similar. Once located, plug it in!

POWER LEAD

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Directions. MATCHING TYPE. Match the steps in column A to the figures in Column B.
Write the letter only.

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

1. Plug in power lead to motherboard

2. Snap housing into case

3. Snap fan into housing

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1. Just plug it all in! Use the diagram below to see where each plug goes. Some plugs (i.e.
keyboard, mouse, speaker) are colored so match them up with the correct color on the back
of the computer.

2. Plug everything into an outlet. Hopefully you purchased a surge protector. Plug
everything into the surge protector such as the system power cord, monitor power cord,
speaker power cord...etc, then plug the surge protector into the wall.

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Tools and Materials:


Philip screw driver

Heat sink

Anti-static wrist strap

RAM

Gloves

Floppy Disk Drive

Mask

FDD cable

Apron

IDE cables

Computer Case

CD ROM drive

Motherboard

Hard Disk Drive

Processor (CPU)

Video Card

Sound Card

Chassis Fan

Fan Housing

Mouse

Monitor

Keyboard

Speaker

Power Plugs

AVR / UPS
Given the tools and materials, assemble the computer system.
You will be assed using the criteria in the score card below.
PERFORMANCE SCORE CARD
Evaluation:
CRITERIA

RATING

1. Components are properly installed.

50%

2. Proper use of Tools

20%

3. Observance of Safety Precautions

20%

4. Observance of 5S in the workplace

10%

TOTAL

100%

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Firmware

There is software stored on every motherboard. The ROM circuits contain important
system routines which help to startup the PC and which hold everything together.
The BIOS and startup programs.
The Setup program and CMOS storage.
PC startup
When you switch on the power to your PC, a lot of things happen. You here the noise
of the various cooling fans, and shortly afterwards, text starts to scroll up onto the screen. It
is the firmware which is doing this work.
Remember that the PC cannot do anything unless it receives instructions.
Instructions are fragments of programs which are loaded into the CPU, and the CPU starts
by executing the system software which is stored on the motherboard. Later, once the PC is
up and running, the operating system can fetch instructions (programs) itself from the hard
disk; but during startup, the CPU is fed instructions from the ROM code in the motherboard.

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A ROM circuit containing Award BIOS (typically 1 or 2 MB of data).


That is, the startup programs are stored in ROM circuits. ROM stands for Read Only
Memory. These circuits contain data, which can normally only be read. Thus the PC is born
at the manufacturer with system software stored in its hardware.
On newer motherboards, however, Flash ROM is used (so-called EEPROM circuits).
With these, the data can be changed by the user (BIOS updates). For convenience, these
circuits are still called BIOS ROM.
BIOS is important system software, because it is only after these programs have
been loaded and executed that the PCs operating system can be loaded from the hard disk
(or alternatively, from a diskette or another drive). This is called the boot process.
Checking the hardware
When the power supply is activated, the CPU fetches the first instructions from the
ROM BIOS. Then the POST routine starts, which checks the hardware devices. POST stands
for Power On Self Test, and this is quickly accomplished. Text doesnt reach the screen until
POST has been executed.
If POST encounters a fault in the machine, the program will write a message on the
screen. If the screen has not yet been made ready, or if the fault is, for example, linked to
the video card, the program will normally emit beeps using the PC speaker. The pattern of
bleeps and beeps varies for the different BIOS manufacturers, but the pattern indicates
where the fault is located. For example, 8 beeps from a BIOS from AMI can mean a fault in
the graphics system, while a constant series of short beeps indicates a fault in the RAM
when using BIOS from Award. Some motherboards have built in LEDs which can also signal
faults. The fault messages are always explained in the motherboard manual.
When POST has finished executing, you normally hear a single beep from the
speaker, and startup continues. Next the BIOS is loaded for the video card. This leads to the
first text on the screen, which is normally the name of the BIOS supplier and the program
version.
The startup program is now in the process of checking the various hardware, and
generally bringing the machine to life. You can make contact with the Setup program at
this time, for example by pressing the Delete key once. After this you will see that the RAM
is being counted. You can also read which CPU is in the machine. Any error messages (e.g.
if the hard disk is not connected properly) can now be seen on the screen.
Try to follow the startup process yourself when you switch on your PC. You can stop
the process by pressing the Pause key, so that you have time to read the messages. Below
you can see the startup messages for a PC with Award BIOS, which has found 512 MB of
RAM.

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At the top of the screen you can read that Award has supplied the startup program.

The startup program installs the other system devices, such as floppy disk and ATA drives,
and locates the logical devices (such as COM, LPT, etc.). The PCI bus is scanned for devices.
The last link in the startup process is that the BIOS looks in the CMOS storage to find
the chosen boot device. Normally it has to boot from one of the hard disks, and the BIOS
thus has to read the contents of the master boot record (which is a particular sector on the
hard disk). It then continues by loading the operating system from the hard disk, and the
startup programs have played out their role.
CMOS and Setup
The startup program needs information about the PCs hardware. However, some of
this system information has to be manually entered. This includes things like whether a
floppy disk drive is installed, and the actual time and date, etc. Fortunately we dont have to
type in this information every time we start the PC. It is done by the manufacturer, and the
information is stored in a small CMOS chip.
CMOS is a special type of RAM, which excels at using very little power. The chip is
used as a storage area for the small database of hardware information. The database is
necessary for the startup programs, which, for example, use it as a list of the hardware
which has to be checked.
The CMOS storage holds something like 256 bytes, and is maintained using power
from the PCs small battery on the motherboard. Without a permanent power supply, all the
information would disappear from the CMOS.

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You can correct the settings in the CMOS storage yourself. You might need to do this, for
example, if you install a new hard disk. Thats why we have access to the CMOS via the
Setup program, which is also stored in the motherboards ROM circuits. Setup can be
activated during startup by pressing a special key (e.g. Delete).

The Setup program is used to change the settings in the CMOS storage.
A quick look at Setup
If you want to look at the facilities of the Setup program, you have to activate it
while the startup programs are scrolling over the screen.
The Setup program can look a bit different, from one PC to another. Below is the
opening menu from my PC:

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Standard CMOS Features

This menu is one of the most fundamental of them all. Here you can change the date
and time. Floppy disk drives are so unintelligent that the test program cannot check
whether a floppy drive is installed or not. This must therefore be specified.

Advanced BIOS Features


Here you can set which device should be used to boot from. It can be the hard disk
or the floppy disk, and if you have several built-in hard disk controllers (ATA, RAID or SCSI),
you specify which of them should perform the boot operation.

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Many of the menu choices allow you to either enable or disable (activate or deactivate)
various functions.

This menu is linked to the chipset, which can be programmed in various ways. For
example, there are various advanced settings for the AGP and PCI buses. If you use a USBbased keyboard you can specify that here. Then it will work in 16-bit DOS mode (real mode)
as well.

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Integrated Peripherals. This menu contains settings associated with the ATA and Super I/O
controllers. For example, you can disable the floppy disk controller (FDC), so that a floppy
disk drive cannot be connected. If the motherboard has a built-in sound device you might be
able to disable it here.
Power management. This menu allows you to set how the various power saving functions
should operate. There is nothing to benefit from this. The PC consumes the same energy
with or without power management activated. On the hand power management can be
quite irritating in daily use.
PnP and PCI Configurations. This menu allows you to allocated IRQs for each PCI slot
yourself. You can also change the PCI bus timing, should you happen to want to.
PC Health Status. This gives you a report on the CPUs current temperature and voltage, and
how fast the cooling fans are whirring (if they are connected in the right way). This menu is
used, for example, by overclockers, who are very keen to know that the PC is not burning
out.
Frequency/Voltage Control. This menu allows you to set the clock multiplier factor for the
CPU, if it allows this, and adjust the voltage for the processor core, AGP system and I/O bus.

PC Health Status provides an instant report on the CPUs physical state.

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Set Supervisor and User password. These menus allow you to choose a supervisor password, which
is used to protect the Setup settings. This is used in some schools, where certain students have a
tendency to fiddle with the computers setup options.

Resetting the CMOS storage


There are options there to reload the standard settings (Load Fail-Safe Defaults and
Load Optimized Defaults). You can make use of this if, after playing around, you find that
your settings no longer work.
If it gets right out of hand, you can always reset the CMOS. You might need to do
this, for example, if you set up password protection for Setup, and then forget the
password.
The motherboard has a jumper which erases the CMOS data. You move the jumper,
start the PC, and the data is erased. You then enter new data and move the jumper back
again.
Another method is to remove the motherboard battery. This maintains the CMOS
data, so all the data is erased if you briefly remove the battery.

CMOS
BATTERY

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Directions. MULTIPLE CHOICE. From the options below, select the best answer. Write letter
only.

1. The menu contains settings associated with the ATA and a Super I/O controller is
the__________.
a.
Power management
c. frequency voltage control
b.
Integrated peripherals
d. PC health status
2. The menu that allows you to allocate IRQs for each PCI slot yourself is known as:
a.
Power management
c. frequency voltage control
b.
Integrated peripherals
d. PnP and PCI configuration
3. This menu is one of the most fundamental of them all.
a.
Power management
c. Standard CMOS features
b.
Advance BIOS features
d. PnP and PCI configuration
4. The ______________ is used to change the settings in the CMOS storage.
a.
b.

Setup program
Integrated peripherals

c. frequency voltage control


d. PnP and PCI configuration

5. This is where you can set which the device should be used to boot from. It can be the
hard disk or the floppy disk, and if you have several built-in hard disk controllers (ATA, RAID
or SCSI), you specify which of them should perform the boot operation.
a.
b.

Power management
Advance BIOS features

c. Standard CMOS features


d. PnP and PCI configuration

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BIOS and Boot Process

Equipment and Material Needed:


System unit
Monitor
Keyboard
Mouse
AVR

Procedure:
1. Enter BIOS setup.
2. Change date and time.
3. Configure boot sequence:
1st boot

floppy disk

2nd boot

CD/ DVD ROM

3rd boot

hard disk

4. Save and exit BIOS setup.

Given the equipment and materials, configure the computer system.

You will be assed using the criteria in the score card below.

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PERFORMANCE SCORE CARD

Evaluation:

RATING
CRITERIA

1. Follow the steps correctly

70%

2. Save and Exit the Setup

20%

3. Observance of Safety Precautions

10%

TOTAL

100%

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Microsoft's Windows 98 SE - CD Installation

INTRODUCTION
What you will require to do this walkthrough is
1. A Windows 98 CD
2. A Computer with CD-ROM access

To start this Windows install. First check that the first boot device in your system BIOS is set
to the CD-ROM Drive.

( To find out how to access the BIOS please refer to your motherboard manual or the
manufacturer of your computer. (The system bios can usually be entered on boot, usually
by pressing the F1, F2, F8, F10 or DEL key. Make sure you save the settings before exiting))

If you are unsure or don't want to enter the BIOS then just test the computer by putting the
CD-ROM in the drive and rebooting the computer. This is the recommended way to install
windows.

You will know that your computer will/has booted of CD-ROM when the following screen
appears.

PART 1

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To begin the Windows 98 install select Option 2 (Boot from CD-Rom)

The following screen will appear next. Select Option 1. (Start Windows 98 Setup from CDROM)

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Your CD-ROM driver will now install, be patient this may take a few moments.

Now press Enter to continue, or F3 to exit.

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Setup will now perform checks on your system, press Enter to continue.

Next Scandisk will run, let this complete or setup.

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Now setup will copy important files for the install.

PART 2

Setup has now begun, the mouse should now be active, press Continue to proceed. If you
have a change of mind then press Exit Setup. If the mouse is not active press "ENTER" on the
keyboard.

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The wizard will now start. Be patient this may take a few moments.

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Now select the directory you wish to install Windows into. By default C:\Windows will be
selected. You can change this, but it is not advised. Click on Next to Continue.

Setup will now prepare the directory, be patient this may take a moment.

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Setup now checks disk space.

What do you wish to install. We recommend Typical, which is the default. So click Next to
continue.

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Windows Components to be installed will now be listed. Leave at default and press Next.

If a Network card has been detected the following will appear. Fill in the details and click
Next.

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Now your country settings, select as needed and then press Next.

Windows will now copy files, this will take sometime. Be patient

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PART 3

After sometime you will be prompted to restart, Windows will do it itself, you can click on
Restart Now to quicken the process.

The CD-ROM boot menu will appear. Select option 1 (Boot from Hard Disk)

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Booting for first time screen will appear.

Now enter your name, company is optional. Click on Next to continue.

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Now the License Agreement. Read and if you agree click on "I accept the Agreement" and
click next. If you select ""I don't accept the Agreement" then setup will end.

Now input your product key or certificate authenticity code. This is 16 digits and is located
on the back of your CD case or on the Windows 98 Book. If you have an OEM computer then
it could be on the side or back of your computer. Click next to continue.

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Next click on Finish.

PART 4

Setup will now finalize the hardware and install settings.

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Plug and Play Devices.....

Your computer will prompt to restart....

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The CD boot menu will appear. Select option 1 (Boot from Hard Disk) and press enter.

Windows is booting.

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PART 5

Now select your date/time settings, using the down arrow beside GMT -0800.

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Once selected click on apply and then OK.

Windows will continue to setup Windows items.

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The computer will now need restarted again.

PART 6

The CD-ROM boot menu will appear. Select Option 1 (Boot from Hard Disk) and press enter.

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Windows will continue to load.

and update System Settings.

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At long last you have arrived at the desktop.

If you are lucky you will have no drivers to install, but chances are the next step will be to
install them. Check out device manager for unknown devices, likely items are Network
Cards, Sound Cards, Printers, Scanners, Graphics Cards, Digital Cameras, plus any other item
you have.

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Equipment:
Computer unit with CD or DVD drive
AVR / UPS

Materials:
Windows 98 SE Installer
Procedure:

1.

Using FDISK utility:

Erase the existing partition.

Format the hard disk


Install the Operating System (OS), Windows 98.

You will be assed using the criteria in the score card below.
PERFORMANCE SCORE CARD
Evaluation:
CRITERIA

RATING

1. Operating System is installed with no errors.

30%

2. Proper disk partitioning and partition is performed.

30%

3. Proper use of equipment and materials is observed.

20%

4. Observance of Safety Precautions.

20%

TOTAL

100%

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This section describes how to install Windows XP to your new hard disk.
Windows XP Minimum requirements

Pentium 233 Mhz or compatible processor or faster; 300MHZ or faster


recommended

64MB of RAM minimum; 128MB or more recommended

4.3GB hard hard disk space or more

CD-ROM or DVD-ROM

Super VGA (800X600) or higher-resolution monitor

Keyboard and mouse

1. Insert the Windows XP CD-ROM and reboot the computer


-If you see a message about hitting any key to boot the CD, do so now.
-Otherwise, you will see a message about Setup inspecting your system.

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2. MS-DOS portion of Setup begins


-In the first stage of setup; you will see a series of blue and gray MS-DOS-based screens. In
the first step, you will be asked to press F6 if you need to install any third-party or RAID
drivers.

3. Welcome to Setup
-Finally, Setup begins. In this step, you can set up XP, launch the Recovery Console (another,
more complicated system recovery tool), or quit.
-Press ENTER to continue Setup, and it will examine your hard drives and removable disks.

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4. Read the license agreement


-Next, you'll have to agree to Microsoft's complex licensing agreement. Among the
highlights: You don't actually own Windows XP and you can only install it on one PC.
No one reads this, I know, but it's probably a good idea to at least check it out.
-Hit F8 to continue

5. Choose an installation partition


This crucial step lets you choose where to install XP. On a clean install, you will typically
install to the C: drive, but you might have other ideas, especially if you plan to dual-boot
with 9x. Setup will show you all of your available disks (in this case, just one) and let you
create and delete partitions as needed. So, for example, if you have one disk, but would like
to create two partitions, one for XP and one for your data, you can do that here.

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6. Select the file system


If you created a new partition, or wish to change the file system of an existing partition, you
can do so in the next step. Generally speaking, I recommend going with the NTFS file
system, which is more secure than FAT.
Regardless of which file system you choose, be sure to select one of the "quick" format
options (the top two choices), if you do need to format, since these will work much more
quickly than a full format.
In this example, I've selected an existing FAT32 partition and elected to format it in NTFS
format.

7. Optionally format the partition


If you did choose to change or format the file system, this will occur next. First, you'll be
asked to verify the format. If you're installing XP on a system with more than one partition,
especially one that still holds your data on one of the partitions, be sure you're formatting
the correct partition.
Hit F to continue, and a yellow progress bar will indicate the status of the format.
When this is complete, Setup will again examine your disks, and create a list of files to copy.

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8. Setup folder copy phase and reboot


Setup will now copy system files to the system/boot partition(s) you just created. This will
allow the PC to boot from the C: drive and continue Setup in GUI mode.
When the file copy is complete, Setup will initialize and save your XP configuration. It will
then reboot your PC.
When the system reboots, you will probably see the "Press any key to boot from CD"
message again. If this happens, do not press a key: Setup will now boot from your C: drive.
In the event that you cannot prevent the CD-based Setup from reloading, eject the CD and
reboot. Setup will ask for the CD when needed.

9. GUI Setup begins


Once the system reboots, you will be presented with the GUI Setup phase, which is much
more attractive than the DOS-mode phase. As you progress through GUI Setup, you can
read promotional information about XP on the right side of the screen if you're bored.
Next, your hardware devices are detected. This could take several minutes.

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10. Regional and language Options


In the first interactive portion of GUI Setup, you can choose to customize the regional and
language settings that will be used by XP, as well as the text input language you'd like. Users
in the United States will not normally need to change anything here.
Click Next to continue.

11. Personalize your software


Now, enter your name and, optionally, your company.
The name you enter is not the same as your user name, incidentally, so you should enter
your real name here (i.e. Paul Thurrott or whatever).
Click Next to continue.

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12. Enter your product key


Now you must enter the 25-character product key that is located on the orange sticker
found on the back of the CD holder that came with Windows XP. You cannot install XP
without a valid product key.
Later on, you will be asked to activate and optionally register your copy of Windows XP. A
product key can be used to install XP on only one PC.
Click Next to continue.

13. Enter a computer name and administrator password


In the next phase of Setup, you can create a name for your computer (which is used to
identify it on a network) and, optionally in Pro Edition only, a password for the system
Administrator, the person who controls the PC (this will generally be you, of course).

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14. Supply your date and time settings


Next, you can supply the date and time, which are auto-set based on information in your
BIOS, and the time zone, which is irritatingly set to PST, which is where Microsoft is. Change
these as appropriate.
Click Next to continue.

15. Network setup


If you have a networking card or modem, Setup now installs the networking components,
which include the client for Microsoft networks, File and Print Sharing, the Quality of Service
(QoS) Packet Scheduler, and the TCP/IP networking protocol by default.

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16. Choose networking settings


In this phase, you can choose to keep the default settings (recommended) or enter custom
settings. I recommend later disabling QoS, but for now, it's generally best to leave it as-is,
unless you have specific needs dictated by your ISP or network.
Note that XP doesn't include the legacy NetBEUI protocol out of the box. If you want to use
this protocol, you will need to install it later from the XP CD-ROM.
Click Next to continue.

Windows XP Professional only:


16b. Enter workgroup or domain information
In Windows XP Professional only, you will be able to select a workgroup or domain name
next. Home Edition doesn't work with Windows domains, however, and Setup will
automatically supply the workgroup name MSHOME, which you can change later. The
default workgroup name in XP Pro is, imaginatively, WORKGROUP. I recommend changing
this; I use the workgroup THURROTT at home, for example.
Click Next to continue.

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17. Setup completion


From this point on, Setup will continue to completion without any further need for
interaction, so this is a good time to grab a drink or a snack.
Setup will now copy files, complete installation, install your Start Menu items, register
system components, save settings, remove any temporary files needed by Setup, and then
reboot.
Again, you will probably see the "Press any key to boot from CD" message on reboot. If this
happens, do not press a key, and your new XP install will boot up. You can remove the XP
Setup CD now.

18. First boot


You'll be greeted by the XP splash screen on first boot (this actually appears briefly when
you rebooted into GUI Setup as well).
The splash screens for XP Pro and Home are subtly different

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19. Change display settings


Users with CRT monitors and some LCDs (such as laptops and flat panel displays) will see a
Display Settings dialog appear, which asks whether you'd like XP to automatically set the
resolution. This will generally change the resolution from 800 x 600 to 1024 x 768 on a CRT
monitor, or to the native resolution of an LCD display.
Click OK and let XP change the resolution. Then, accept the settings if the screen display
changes and can be read. If you can't see the display, it will time out after 30 seconds and
return to the sub-optimal 800 x 600 resolution.
Click OK to accept the screen resolution change.

20. Welcome to Microsoft Windows


Now, you are presented with XP's "Out of Box Exerience," or OOBE, which presents a silly
wizard to guide you through the final set up of your PC.
Click Next to continue.

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21. Network setup


In the opening OOBE phase, you are asked to set up your network/Internet connection,
which is required for activation and registration. If you selected the default networking
configuration during Setup and know it will work (because you're connected directly to a
cable modem, perhaps, or are on a local area network), then select Yes (the default).
Otherwise, you can select No and then Skip.
We'll assume that your network is up and running and select Yes.
Click Next to continue.

22. Optionally activate and register Windows


If you selected Yes in the previous step, you are asked if you'd like to activate Windows XP.
This will tie your copy of XP to the current PC semi-permanently, so be sure this is what you
want. Activation requires a connection to the Internet, but you can perform this step later if
you want (and don't worry, XP will annoyingly remind you of this fact every time you boot
the machine until you do so).
I recommend selecting No here, since you can activate later easily enough. If you do select
Yes, you are asked whether you'd like to register the product. Unlike activation, registration
is optional .

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23. Set up users


Now, you can set up the user names of the people who will be using the PC. You will want at
least one user (for you), since you shouldn't be logging on as Administrator. Curiously, each
user you do create here has administrative privileges, however, and no password (!). You
should set up your users correctly with passwords as soon as possible (see Post-installation
tasks, below, for details).
This phase lets you create up to five users. You can create more later, or manage users,
using the User Accounts tool in Control Panel.
Click Finish when done creating users. At this point, OOBE ends and you're reading to go.
Click Finish again.

24. Logon to Windows XP for the first time


name, that account will logon and you'll be presented with the XP desktop. After you create
passwords, however, you'll be asked to enter a password before you can logon.With OOBE
out of the way, you're presented with the XP Welcome Screen for the first time. This will list
all of the users you created, along with lame, randomized images you can change later
(again, see below). When you click on a user

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Equipment:
Computer unit with CD or DVD drive
AVR / UPS

Materials:
Windows XP Service Pack 2/3 Installer

Procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Erase the existing partition.


Create two (2) partitions
Format partition 1.
Install the Operating System (OS), Windows XP.

You will be assed using the criteria in the score card below.
PERFORMANCE SCORE CARD

Evaluation:
CRITERIA
1. Operating System is installed with no
errors.
2. Proper disk partitioning and partition is
performed.
3. Proper use of equipment and materials is
observed.
4. Observance of Safety Precautions.
TOTAL

RATING
30%
30%
20%
20%
100%

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The following tools and equipment are classified according to their functions and uses.
Equipment and Accessories

Tools

Materials

LAN Card

Screwdriver(standard)

Software applications

UPS

Screwdriver(Philips)

Network OS Software

Server

Long nose pliers

RJ 45

24 port-hub

Mechanical pliers

UTP Cat 5 cable

Modem

Allen wrench

Fax machine

Multitester

Motherboards manual
and installer

PC Video camera

Crimping tools

USBExternalCD writer

Soldering iron (30 watts)

USB scanner

Wire stripper

USB printers

LAN Tester

USB Flash Drive

Anti-static wrist wrap

Sound
device
installer

driver

Device drivers/installers

LAN Card is a network interface card. This is a


computer circuit board or card that is installed in a
computer so that it can be connected to a network.

Server is a part of a network. It is a special


computer that users on the network can asses to
carry out a particular job.

Port hub /Port is a connector on the back of a


computer or other device. A port is either a serial
port or a parallel port.

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Modem - (Modulator-Demodulator) The modem is


a device that allows a given computer to share data
or otherwise a device which let computers
exchange information

Scanner- it is an input device that read text or


illustration printed on paper, translates the
information into a form that a computer can use.

Flat Screw Driver is used to drive or fasten


negative slotted screws

USB Universal Serial Bus, a hardware interface for


low-speed peripherals such as the keyboard,
mouse, joystick, scanner, printer and telephony
devices.

Printer - it is a piece of hardware that produces a


paper copy (also known as hardcopy) of the
information generated by the computer.

RAM Random Access Memory, is a primary memory. This memory is used inside
the computer to hold programs and data while it is running.

BIOS Basic Input/Output System, chip that controls the most basic functions of the
computer and performs a self-test every time you turn it on.

Flash drive RAM that can retain data without


electrical power. It is widely used for BIOS chips
and for digital camera and digital music storage.

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Video Camera - camera using videotape: a camera


that records onto videotape

Long nose Pliers is used for holding, bending and


stretching the lead of electronics component or
connecting wire.

Soldering Iron is used to join two or more metal


conductors with the support of soldering lead melted
around it.

Desoldering Tool is used to unsolder unwanted


parts or component in the circuit with the support of
soldering pencil

Philips Screw Driver- is used to drive or fasten


positive slotted screws

Multitester- is an instrument use to measure


voltage, current and resistance.

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NIC Network Interface Card The PC expansion


board that plug into a personal computer or server
and works with the network operating system to
control the flow of information over the network.

RJ 45 is the connector plugged into the NIC ports on computers and often
connecting the main networking hardware together.

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UTP Unshielded Twisted Pair, is a popular type of


cable used in computer networking that consists of two
shielded wires twisted around each other.

Motherboard contains the CPU, BIOS, memory, mass


storage interfaces, serial and parallel ports, expansion
slot and all the controllers required to control standard
peripheral devices such as the display screen, keyboard
and disk drive.

Software applications
Software - is the programs and data that a computer uses.

Network OS Software

Network-are multiple computers linked together to make simultaneous


information sharing and exchange by multiple users.

Sound Device Driver Installer / Sound and Audio Devices A windows XP Control
Panel applet, called Sounds, and Multimedia in Windows 2000, for configuring the
systems sound card.

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Directions.
A. Identify the following tools and materials and give their uses.
Use a separate sheet of paper in answering.

1.

.
2.

3.

4.

5.

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B.

Fill in the blanks with the correct answer.

___________1. It is a connector at the back of a computer or other device.


___________2.A computer circuit board installed in a computer so that it can be connected
to a network.
___________3. A device that allows a given computer to share data.
___________4. An input device that read text or illustration printed on paper, translated
the information into a form that a computer that can use.
___________5. The least expensive and most popular network media.

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Hardware
-the physical computer and
its components

Storage Devices
-stores data and
program
instructions

Central
Processing Unit
(CPU) carries out
program
instructions

Input Devices
allow the user to
communicate with

Diskette

Arithmetic Unit

Keyboard

Printers

USB

Registers Control
Section

Mouse

Monitors

Joystick

Speakers

the computer

CD

Output Devices
enable the
computer to
present
information to the

Hardware
-the physical computer and
its components

Storage Devices
-stores data and
program
instructions

Central
Processing Unit
(CPU) carries out
program
instructions

communicate with

Diskette

Arithmetic Unit

Keyboard

Printers

USB

Registers Control
Section

Mouse

Monitors

Joystick

Speakers

CD

Input Devices
allow the user to

the computer

Output Devices
enable the
computer to
present
information to the

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A network is a collection of computers and related equipment (printers, webcams,


game consoles, etc.) connected so that data can move between them. Even if you have a
single computer, it looks to the Internet as part of a network. The Internet, then, is a
network of networks.
The majority of networking, is done using the internet standard. At the center of the
basic diagram of a wired network is either a hub or a switcher and computers are connected
to the hub, much like spokes of a wheel or star. Each connection at the hub is called a port.
Three Basic Network Categories

Local Area Network- the smallest of the three network types, consist of PCs
connected together within a limited area, such as within the same building, floor or
department.

Metropolitan Area Network are network that spans no more than 50 miles. It is
design to connect LANs spanning a town or city

Wide Area Network used to distribute information thousand of miles among


thousands of users.

Network Hardware

Network Interface Card (NIC) a printed


circuit board, an adapter that plugs into the
computers motherboard when connected
with a network cable, provides the physical
link between your computer and the
network.

Network Hub a hardware device that all


PCs on a network are connected to by
cabling. The hub manages receiving and
transmitting data from networked services.

Wireless Hubs are hubs designed for the home

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Kinds of Hubs
- Standalone Hubs are single products with a number of ports. It is usually
include some method of linking them to other standalone hubs for network
expansion.
- Stackable Hubs work just like standalone hubs, except that several of them
can be stacked (connected) together, usually by short lengths of cable.
- Modular Hubs are popular in networks because they are easily expanded and
always have management option. It is purchased as chassis, or card cage, with multiple
card slots, each of which accepts a communication card, or module

3 Basic Hub Types


- Passive Hubs simply connects various cables
- Active Hubs amplify or boost signals
- Intelligent Hubs select which path a specific signal will travel

Repeater a device that strengthen signals and


allow then to stay clear over longer distances.

Network Bridge divides network into smaller,


more manageable sections helping reduce
network traffic.

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Network Switch It helps determine how data


moves over large networks.

Router a device that forwards data packets


between Local or Wide Area Network groups.

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MULTIPLE CHOICE.

Write the letter of the correct answer.


Use a separate sheet of paper in answering.

a. Which among the network hardware forwards data packets between Local or Wide Area
Network groups.
a. Network Hubs

c. Repeater

b. Network Switch

d. Router

2. A typical computer system consists of the following except


a. Central Processing Unit

d. Output Device

b. Input Device

e. Storage Device

c. Network Device
3. What network hardware strengthens signals and allows then to stay clear over longer
distances?

4.

a. Network Hubs

c. Repeater

b. Network Switch

d. Router

Which of the following is the collection of computers and related equipment that are
connected so that data can move between them.
a. Computer System

c. Hardware

b. Network

d. Software

5. Which provides the physical link between your computer and the network
a. Network Hubs

c. Network Switch

b. Network Interface Cards

d. Router

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A computer is defined as a machine that can be programmed to manipulate symbols. Its


principal characteristics are:

It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner.

It can execute a pre-recorded list of instructions (a program).

It can quickly store and retrieve large amounts of data.

Therefore computers can perform complex and repetitive procedure quickly, precisely and
reliably.
Computers can be generally classified by size and power as follows:

Personal computer: A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor.

PERSONAL COMPUTER

Workstation: A powerful, single-user computer. A workstation is like a personal


computer, but it has a more powerful microprocessor and, in general, a higherquality monitor.

WORKSTATION

MINICOMPUTER

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Minicomputer: A multi-user computer capable of supporting up to hundreds of users


simultaneously.

Mainframe: A powerful multi-user computer capable of supporting many hundreds


or thousands of users simultaneously.

MAINFRAME

SUPERCOMPUTERS

Supercomputer: An extremely fast computer that can perform hundreds of millions


of instructions per second.

Personal Computer Types

Notebook computer
An extremely lightweight personal computer that weighs weigh less than 6 pounds
and are small enough to fit easily in a briefcase. Aside from size, the principal difference
between a notebook computer and a personal computer is the display screen. Notebook
computers come with battery packs that enable you to run them without plugging them in.
These are also called Laptop computers.

NOTEBOOK COMPUTER

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Laptop computer
A small, portable computer -- small enough that it can sit on your lap.
Sub notebook computer
A portable computer that is slightly lighter and smaller than a full-sized notebook
computer. Typically, sub notebook computers have a smaller keyboard and screen, but are
otherwise equivalent to notebook computers.

Hand-held computer
A portable computer that is small enough to be held in ones hand. The most popular
hand-held computers are those that are specifically designed to provide PIM (personal
information manager) functions, such as a calendar and address book. Hand-held computers
are also called PDAs or Personal Digital Assistants, palmtops and pocket

PERSONAL DIGITAL ASSISTANTS (PDA) / HANDHELD COMPUTERS

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Matching Type: Match the type of computer in Column A with its description in
Column B by writing the letter of the correct answer on the blank provided before
the number. Use a separate sheet of paper in answering.

_______1. Personal Computer


_______2. Mainframe Computer
_______3. Laptop Computer
_______4. Super Computer
_______5. Note book Computer

a. A powerful, single-user computer.


b. An extremely lightweight personal
computer that weighs less than 6
pounds and are small enough to fit
easily in a briefcase.
c. A powerful multi-user computer
capable of supporting many
hundreds or thousands of users
simultaneously.

d. A small, portable computer -small enough that it can sit on


your lap.
e. A multi-user computer capable of
supporting up to hundreds of users
simultaneously.
f. An extremely fast computer that can
perform hundreds of millions of
instructions per second.
g. A small, single-user computer based
on a microprocessor.

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ANSWER KEY 4.1.2


MATCHING TYPE:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

ANSWER KEY 4.1.3

MATCHING TYPE:

1. A
2. C
3. B
ANSWER KEY 4.1.4

MATCHING TYPE:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

D
A
B
C
E

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ANSWER KEY 4.1.5

MATCHING TYPE:

1. C
2. A
3. B
ANSWER KEY 4.1.6
MATCHING TYPE:

1. C
2. B
3. E
4. D
5. A

ANSWER KEY 4.1.7


MATCHING TYPE:

1. D
2. C
3. E
4. B
5. A

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ANSWER KEY 4.1.8


MATCHING TYPE:

1. C
2. D
3. B
4. E
5. A

ANSWER KEY 4.1.9

MATCHING TYPE:

1. D
2. B
3. A
4. C
ANSWER KEY 4.1.10
MATCHING TYPE:

1. E
2. D
3. C
4. A
5. B

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ANSWER KEY 4.1.11

MATCHING TYPE:

1. C
2. B
3. A

ANSWER KEY 4.1.12

MATCHING TYPE:

1. B
2. C
3. A

ANSWER KEY 4.1.14


MATCHING TYPE:

1. c
2. d
3. c
4. a
5. b

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ANSWER KEY 4. 1.17


A.
1 LAN Card This is a computer circuit board or card that is installed in a computer so
that it can be connected to a network.
2. Soldering Iron is used to join two or more metal conductors with the support of
soldering lead melted around it.
3. USB Universal Serial Bus, a hardware interface for low-speed peripherals such as
the keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, printer and telephony devices.
4. Flat Screw Driver is used to drive or fasten negative slotted screws
5. Multitester- is an instrument use to measure voltage, current and resistance.

B. 1. Port hub/ port


2. LAN card
3. Modem
4. Scanner
5. UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair)

ANSWER KEY 4.1.18


1. d
2. c
3. c
4. b
5. b
ANSWER KEY 4.1.19
1. g
2. c
3. d
4. f
5. b

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Program/ Course:

Computer Hardware Servicing

Unit of Competency:

Install Computer Systems and Networks

Module: Installing of Computer Systems and Networks

Learning Outcome # 02: Install Equipment, Device / System


Assessment Criteria:
1. Standard procedures for OHS in installing devices/systems are followed.
2. Operating systems/ devices are installed according to workplace standards.
3. Modification and innovation of devices/systems are done during installation with
the consent of the client.
4. Installation of the devices/systems are carried out in consonance with the unit of
specification
5. Unplanned events or conditions are carried out following the unit of specification
and procedure.
6. Approval obtained before any contingencies are implemented based on
established procedure.
7. Standard testing procedures are strictly followed for the newly installed
device/system.
Resources:
Tools, Materials and Equipment and Facilities
ICT Laboratory
Computer Table and Chairs
Computers
Printers
LCD
Webcam
Digital Camera
Installation CDs
And other Computer Acessories
References:

Andres Sr., Antonio M. Introduction of Computer. Fully Illustrated, Valenzuela City;


May 2003 World Class Publishing and Packaging
Sto. Domingo, Josephine C.,Learning Windows XP and Internet the Easy Way
Computers - The Easy Way
Computer Fundamentals, Makati City: STI Technology Institute Inc.; Copyright 1997

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http://www.geeks.com/techtips/2006/techtips-24aug06.htm

Computer Fundamentals, Makati City: STI Technology Institute Inc.; Copyright 1997
Sawyer, Stackey G./ Williams, Brian K., Using Information Technology, A Practical
Introduction to Computers and Communications International Ed. MC Graw-Hill
Higher Education;2000

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Personal Protective Equipment


It refers to protective clothing, helmets, goggles, or other gear designed to protect
the wearer's body or clothing from injury by electrical hazards, heat, chemicals, and
infection, for job-related occupational safety and health purposes.
PPE can also be used to protect the working environment from pesticide application,
pollution or infection from the worker (for example in a microchip factory).
Students even teacher during their laboratory period should require to use of
personal protective equipment. Some of these are:

Goggles A large spectacles, with shields


around the rims, for protecting the eyes
from dust, excessive light, wind, etc.

Rubber Sole A special type of shoes used


to prevent electrical shock and for
waterproofing and insulating purposes.

Apron A garment worn over the front of


the body as a protection for ones cloth.

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Dust Mask- A covering for the face to


prevent the inhaling or absorbing dust and
other chemicals

Gloves - The covering material with a


separate sheath for each finger used for
hand protection.

Anti-Static and Safety Precautions


The little shock you experienced while you are walking across a carpeted floor or
touched a door knob, table, counter or even another person is a result of static electricity.
Static electricity is the discharge of electricity between two objects with different electrical
potential. Humans can't feel a static shock until it is several thousand volts strong, but it
takes less than 30 volts to fry a sensitive computer component, such as a stick of RAM or a
processor.
That's why computer technicians and home computer builders have to guard their
computers against the deadly ravages of static electricity, as well as take steps to avoid
injury to yourself
Safety and Anti-Static Rules

When possible, try to avoid working in carpeted areas. Carpeting greatly increases
static buildup within your body.
Always use an anti-static wrist strap when working on a computer (except when
working on monitors
Always disconnect a computer from the AC power and from any powered
peripherals while you are working on it.
Always grasp a metal part of the computer chassis with your bare hand before you
touch anything inside. Do this even if you are wearing an anti-static wristband.
Always handle electronic components by a non-conducting (non-metallic) edge.
Don't touch the pins or other connectors.
Never plug an ATX power supply into AC power unless it is connected either to a
computer's motherboard or to a dummy test load.
Always use a UL-approved surge protector or an Uninterruptible Power Supply that
incorporates surge and spike protection.
Never eat, drink, or smoke while working on a computer.

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Directions:

The class will be divided into five groups. Each group has their own respective leader.
The group will prepare a skit regarding personal protective equipment. After the activity
they will be graded thru the given Performance Score Card below:

PERFORMANCE SCORE CARD

Scoring
Performance Criteria
1 2 3 4 5
1. The students clearly identified personal protective equipment.

2. The students utilized actual tools/device in performing the skit.

3. The students applied safety precautions during the play.


4. The play gave students more critical thinking on the personal protective
equipment.
5. The students cooperatively performed the play.

5
4
3
2
1

Excellently Performed
Very Satisfactorily Performed
Satisfactorily Performed
Fairly Performed
Poorly Performed

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Operating System (Os)

is a software that manages computer resources and provides programmers/users


with an interface used to access those resources.

is a layer of software which takes care of technical aspects of a computer's


operation. It shields the user of the machine from the low-level details of the
machine's operation and provides frequently needed facilities.

Below is a listing of common operating systems available today, and who developed them.
Operating system

Developer

Operating system

Developer

Corel Linux

Corel

MS-DOS 5.x

Microsoft

Linux

Linux Torvalds

MS-DOS 6.x

Microsoft

MAC OS 8

Apple

Windows 2000

Microsoft

MAC OS 9

Apple

Windows 2003

Microsoft

MAC OS 10

Apple

Windows 95

Microsoft

MAC OS X

Apple

Windows 98

Microsoft

Mandrake Linux

Mandrake

Windows CE

Microsoft

MS-DOS 1.x

Microsoft

Windows ME

Microsoft

MS-DOS 2.x

Microsoft

Windows NT

Microsoft

MS-DOS 3.x

Microsoft

Windows Vista

Microsoft

MS-DOS 4.x

Microsoft

Windows XP

Microsoft

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L.O. No. 2.

Conduct validation and testing

Use a separate sheet of paper in answering.

1. Discuss the importance of Operating system .


2. Name some of the common operating systems used nowadays.

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Software is the component of a computer system which refers to the set of


instructions written in a code-that computers can understand and execute. Another name
for this set of instructions is program.

Three Types of Software

1. System Software
2. Application Software
3. Programming Language

System Software. This software tells the CPU what to do, a more common term is
Operating System (OS). The most popular OS in use for PC microcomputer is Microsofts MS
DOS. DOS for short is a collection of various programs that help control your PC. Other
operating systems are Microsoft Windows (from the early Windows 95 and 98 to the
current windows Vista, OS 2, MAC OS, Unix, Linux and Apples OS 9.

Application Software. This is designed and written to perform specific personal, business,
or scientific processing tasks, such as payroll, processing, human resource management, or
inventory management. Common Application software are the following:

Word Processor This serves as an electronic typewriter and even more. With word
processors, the user can easily produce quality documents like memos and reports.
Popular word processors include MS Word and Word Perfect.

Spreadsheets- These are programs that simulate a paper divided into rows and
columns, where values can be placed. These are used for advanced numerical
analysis and calculations. Some of the more common spreadsheet programs are
Lotus 1-2-3 and, Ms Excel and Open Calculate.

Database Programs These serve to collect a structured collection of data, which


can later be managed and manipulated.

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Presentation Software These are programs that allow users to create electronic
presentation for reports and other functions.

Desktop Publishing Software This allow the user to create page makeups and do
simple typesetting to produce various materials, such as books pamphlets, reports,
and booklets. Example of DTP software are MS Publisher, and PageMaker.

Reference Software These are electronic versions of various references such as


encyclopedia, almanacs, atlases, dictionaries, thesauri, and the like.

Graphics Programs These allow the creation and manipulation of graphics, images,
objects, and pictures. Some of the common graphics programs are CorelDraw,
Photoshop, and Computer Aided Design (CAD)

Educational Software These include tutorials and electronic lessons that give
students knowledge or training in a particular subject or skill, such as Math or
Science or in gardening or cooking.

Computer Games These are programs that simulate real games or provide
entertainment and adventure to users.

Network Software These are programs that make it possible for computers in
different areas to be connected, allowing their users to communicate with each
other.

Language Software These provide programmers with the necessary tools to write
programs and instructions to computer.

Programming Software. Programmers use this software for making computer programs.
Programming software is a tool to make software using different programming languages.

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A. TRUE OR FALSE. Write T if the statement is true and correct and F if it is not.
Use a separate sheet of paper in answering.

______ 1. Word processors are used to create special movie effects.


______ 2. Systems software tells the CPU what to do.
______ 3. Software refers to the set od instructions that computer can understand and
execute.
______ 4. Reference software includes tutorial and electronic lessons that give students
knowledge or training in a particular subject or skill.
______ 5. Graphics Program allow the users to execute electronic presentations for reports
and other functions.

B.Discuss briefly the three types of software.

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A peripheral device is any component or piece of equipment that expands a


computers input, storage, and output capabilities. Peripheral devices serve specific
purpose, enhance a computers functions, or add new service or additional resources.
Video Card - converts the processors output information into a video signal that
can be sent through a cable to the monitor.
Sound Card enhances the computers sound-generating capabilities by allowing
sound to be output Philips Screw Driver- Used to drive or fasten positive slotted screws
through speakers
Monitor is the display device that takes the electrical signals from the video
card and forms an image using points of colored light on the screen.

MONITOR

SPEAKERS

Speaker plays sounds transmitted as electrical signals from the sound card.
Printer - an output device that produces text and graphics on paper.

PRINTER

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Keyboard an input device that converts letters, numbers, and other characters
into electrical signals readable by the processors.

KEYBOARD

MOUSE

Mouse is used for inputting commands and to manipulate objects viewed on


the computer display screen.

Microphone - a device that converts sounds to electrical signals by means of a


vibrating diaphragm.
Scanner - it is an input device that reads text or illustration printed on paper,
translates the information into a form that a computer can use.

SCANNER

DIGITAL
CAMERA

Digital Camera use a light-sensitive processor chip to capture photographic


images in digital form on a small diskette inserted in the camera or on flash memory chips.
Graphic tablet objects are drawn using a pen or a puck. The puck is technically
a tablet cursor, not a mouse.

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Joy Stick - a hand-held control stick that allows a player to control the
movements of a cursor on a computer screen or a symbol in a video game .

Sample Presentation / Illustration of Peripheral Devices

Other Peripheral Devices

Hard-disk drive is a storage device that stores billions of characters of data on a


non removable disk.

HARD DRIVE

MODEM

Modem an electronic device that connects computers via a telephone line,


allowing the exchange of information.

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A. Identification.

Label the following peripheral devices and give their functions.

Use a separate sheet of paper in answering.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

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Multimedia is the combination of different types of communication media (sound,


print, video, and so on)

Multimedia refers to computer system that lets the user access and interact with
computerized text high resolution still graphics, motion visuals, and sound. Three elements
in particular distinguish multimedia: sound, motion, and the opportunity for interaction.

CD-ROM is the backbone of multimedia applications, a spinoff of audio CD


technology, stands for compact disk-read-only memory. The name implies its application.
CD ROM disks are created at a mastering facilities, just as audio CDs are created at a
recording studio. The following is a sampling of available CD.

The Grolier Electronic Encyclopedia


The Oxford English Dictionary
Microsoft Bookshelf
Great Cities of the World
Sound Effects
The Animals
World Atlas
Dessert Storm and others

These days a desktop computer is usually a multimedia computer, with sound and
graphics capability. A multimedia computer features such equipment as a fast processor,
DVD device, sound card, graphics card and speakers, and you may also wish to have
headphones and microphones. You may even wish to add scanner, sound recorder, and
digital camera.

Multimedia presentations are becoming more and more prevalent. These types of
presentations are being used not only in encyclopedia and other reference tools, but for
selling a product or teaching a new concept.

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1. What is multimedia? Give examples of communication media.


2. Discuss the importance of multimedia in maintaining, upgrading and repairing our
Personal Computers.

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HARDWARE Refers to the tangible (things you can touch) components of a computer
system. Hardware components are further divided into three groups namely

Input Devices
Output devices
System Unit

INPUT DEVICES. Performs the two most basic computing tasks: issuing commands and
entering data. Common input devices are the following:
- Keyboard is a standard input device of most computers

MOUSE
KEYBOARD

- Mouse is a hand-clicked device used for pointing. The modern mouse uses a
ball for movement and has two to three buttons.
- Trackball is like a stationary, upside down mouse.
- Joystick is an input device which is commonly used for computer games

JOYSTICK
LIGHT PEN

- Light pen a device used to draw, write, or issue commands when it touches a
specially designed screen.

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OUTPUT DEVICES. After processing the data fed into computer with the use of input
devices, the information must now be outputted in a form understood by human beings.
Output devices are classified according to the output they can produce. An output
which you can hold in your hand is called hard copy. Output types such as audio and
video are referred to as soft copy. The following are output devices used.

- Printer - - an output device that produces text and graphics on paper

NON-IMPACT PRINTER

IMPACT PRINTER

- Video Monitors The monitor, or display is used to provide soft copy output.
Video monitors are either monochrome or colored

VIDEO
MONITOR

SPEAKERS

Speakers- play sounds transmitted as electrical signals from the sound card.

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Modem a device that sends and receives data over telephone lines to and from
computers.

Modem

THE SYSTEM UNIT. The system unit is the part of the computer which is
responsible for accepting and processing the data brought in by the input devices. It
also responsible for passing the resulting information to the users via the output
devices.

The Main Circuit Board - Also called the "system board," is the main printed circuit
board in an electronic device, which contains sockets that accept additional boards.
In a personal computer, the motherboard contains the bus, CPU and coprocessor
sockets, memory sockets, keyboard controller and supporting chips.
MAIN CIRCUIT BOARD

Port is a connection from the main circuit board to a peripheral device such as a
keyboard, a printer or a video monitor. The port is also called an interface. Ports are
arranged at the rear of the main circuit board.
Expansion Slot is a receptacle inside a computer or other electronic system that
accepts printed circuit boards.

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The Bus. is responsible for transporting electronic signals from place to place or
specific predefined routes.
The CPU The CPU is the computers processor, controller and storage device
Case and Power Supply is also known as the system unit, the case or system
cabinet is the box that houses the processor chip (CPU), the memory chips, and the
motherboard with power supply, as drive, and CD-ROM or DVD drive. It include a
power supply unit and a fan to keep the circuitry free from overheating.

MAIN CIRCUIT
BOARD

Clock it synchronizes the operation of all parts of the PC, and provides the basic
timing signal for the CPU.

Memory The memory in a computer system is of two fundamental types: The main
memory and the secondary memory.

MAIN CIRCUIT
BOARD

RAM-(Random Access Memory) is a group of memory chips, typically of the dynamic


RAM (DRAM) type, which function as the computer's primary workspace. The
"random" in RAM means that the contents of each byte of storage in the chip can be
directly accessed without regard to the bytes before or after it.

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BIOS The BIOS (Basic Input / Output System) is a ROM chip that provide.

CMOS stores the configuration of the PC (example the password, disk type,
amount of memory installed, current time and data).
CMOS stands for
Complimentary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor.

Secondary Memory Secondary memory is where programs and data are kept for a
long term basis. Common secondary storage devices are the floppy disk and hard
disk, Compact disk or CD.

FLOPPY DISK (or diskette) is as flimsy as a sheet of paper but is protected by a


sturdy, square jacket that encases it. It has a low capacity, and is very, very slow
compared to other storage devices.

FLOPPY DISK
PROCESSOR CHIP

FLOPPY DRIVE

HARD-DISK DRIVE A hard-disk drive is a storage device that store billons of


characters of data on a nonremoveable disk platter.

HARD- DISK DRIVE

CD-ROM/DVD Drive

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CD-ROM/DVD DRIVE A CD (computer disk) drive, or its more recent variant, a DVD
(digital video disk, is a storage device that use laser technology to read data from
optical disks.

VIDEO CARD is a board that is plugged into a period computer to give it display
capabilities. It connects the processors output information into a video signal that
can be sent through a cable to the monitor.

VIDEO CARD

SOUND CARD

SOUND CARD - enhances the computers sound generating capabilities by allowing


sound to be output through speakers.

MODEM A modem is a device that sends and receives data over telephone lines to
and from computers.

MODEM
IDE CABLE / FLOPPY CABLES

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POWER CABLES it supplies power from the power supply to the drive. The power
cables are red, yellow and black. The yellow wire furnishes 12 volts of power, the
red wire furnishes 5 volts of power, the two black wire are ground wire for each.

IDE AND FLOPPY DISK RIBBON CABLE IDE stands for Integrate Device Electronics.
It shows how to connect an IDE cable to two devices namely the top device (master)
and the bottom device (slave).

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A. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Write the letter of the correct answer.


Use a separate sheet of paper in answering.

1. What do you call a device converts computer output into display images?
a. Floppy disk

c. Printer

b. Monitor

d. Processor

2. Which of the following is a secondary storage device?


a. Floppy Disk Drive

c. Printer

b. Memory Chip

d. Processor

3. If you want to enhance your computers capabilities, which would you install?
c. Speaker
a. Monitor
b. Sound Card
d. Video Card
4. What part of the main circuit board would you connect a peripheral device such as
keyboard, printer or video monitor?
a. The Bus
c. Expansion Slot
b. Port
d. Cable
5. You want a hard copy of your input, which would provide you this?
a. Monitor

c. Speaker

b. Printer

d. Video Camera

B. TRUE OR FALSE.

Write True if the statement is correct and False if it is wrong.

1. The main memory is a software component.


2. Processing is the manipulation by which a computer transforms data into
information.
3. The operating system is the part of the system software.
4. Input devices include the keyboard and the mouse.
5. Main memory is where programs and data are kept on along term basis.

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A network is a group of interconnected computers, linked for the purpose of sharing


files, programs and peripherals. Through your computers or office network, you can run
programs, use printers, and edit files from other computers as if they were located on your
own.
A server is the computer on the network that manages the network resources, such
as the shared files, programs and printers.
Local-area network (LAN) is a computer network covering a small geographic area,
like a home, office, or group of buildings e.g. a school.
The majority of networking, particularly at the corporate level, is done using the
internet standard. At the center of the basic diagram of a wired network is either a hub or a
switcher and computers are connected to the hub, much like spokes of a wheel or star. Each
connection at the hub is called a port.
Three Basic Network Categories

Local Area Network- the smallest of the three network types, consists of PCs connected
together within a limited area, such as within the same building, floor or department.

LOCAL AREA
NETWORK

Metropolitan Area Network is a network that spans no more than 50 miles. It is


design to connect LANs spanning a town or city

METROPOLITAN AREA
NETWORK

WIDE AREA NETWORK

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Wide Area Network is used to distribute information thousand of miles among


thousands of users.

Network Terms:

Network Server- is a powerful computer whose sole purpose is to serve network


clients.

NETWORK SERVER

Host any computer whether mainframe, server, or even PC that acts as an


information source on a network.

Peers- mean any computer sharing the same protocol layer with another computer.

Workstation- is any network computer that connects to and request resources from
a network

Protocol refers to the specific standards governing the sending and receiving of
data.

Types of Networks

server/client use a network operating system to manage the entire work.

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peer-to-peer - no centralized computer oversees the networks, no server, and


computers simply connect with each other in a network group to share files,
printers, and internet access.

The Basic Rule


The basic rule for network design is known as the 5-4-3 rule. It states that in a 10 Mbps.
Ethernet network:

you can have a maximum of five cable segments between any two computers

you can have a maximum of four repeaters (hubs, switches, wireless access points,
etc.) between any two computers

of the five cable segments (maximum) between any computers, only three of these
can terminate in computers.

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A. Tools and Materials:


A4 bond paper
Pencil and eraser
B. Procedures
1. Draw an example of a network / networking.
2. Use only common shapes (ex. line, square, circle or rectangle) to represent
the actual figures./ objects.
3. Indicate the name of network drawn.

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No matter how well built your PC is, and how well written its software, something is
eventually going to go wrong.

Many times, computers will get slow for seemingly no reason at all. Devices often
malfunction and system problems can arise out of nowhere. For people who rely on their
computer for business or personal use, these computer errors can be frustrating and
problematic.
One of the most important aspects of using a PC is taking care of it. Maintenance
involves keeping your hard disk in optimum working condition, checking for errors, and
backing up important files. Maintenance tasks also include adding new hardware to your
system and updating the files that control your hardware (called drivers).
Common Error Messages
As you work on your computer, there are error messages that come up. The
machine at times tries to tell you where the problem is. These messages are like detective
clues for the Help Desk.
Common Problems
1. My monitor is blacked out
2. I dont have any sound.
3. My machine is stuck and wont do anything
Checking of Peripherals
Keyboards

If our machine, when booting, gives off a constant beeping noise, it is telling that
your computer keyboard is not connected or not working.
If there is no response, check the indicator light on the keyboard.
Is there a key stuck? Gently pry off the cover and clean it with alcohol. Make sure it
is not connected to your machine when you are cleaning it.

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Mouse

If your mouse starts acting erratic, it could be an insufficient memory problem.


If your mouse will only move one way, either vertically or horizontally, your mouse
may need cleaning. Shut down your machine and unplug your mouse from the
computer.
Optical mouse need cleaning of its bottom every now and then too.

Printer

Verify that the printer is working correctly by running a test print.


Unplug the printer cable from the back of the PC and try to print the printer
Reattach the printer and run another test print,
Turn off the printer and try to print to it.
What error messages appear? Turn the printer back on and run a test print
Turn off the printer and remove the ink or toner cartridge. Turn the printer back on.
Do any error messages appear? Try printing to the printer. Do any error messages
show up them?
Reinstall the ink or toner cartridge and run a test print. Remove all of the paper from
your printer and then try to print it. What error messages appear now?

A Dead PC

First check the cable


Check the wall outlet
Turn the system off and wait for a few seconds and then try again.
Reach behind the machine and see if you feel air blowing out of the power supply.
Look at the keyboard for the indicator lights being lit up as the machine boots.
Sometimes the monitor has something to do with the system acting up. Unplug the
power cord from the monitor and the wall and re plug it.
Listen to identify a beeping series if there is one.

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Computer Symptoms and Diagnosis

Equipment, Tools, and Materials:

Window system, any type of printer

Given the following tools, materials and equipment, perform computer symptoms and
diagnosis.

You will be assessed using the criteria in the score card below.

PERFORMANCE SCORE CARD

Scoring
Performance Criteria
1 2 3 4 5
1. The printer is printing successfully
2. The printer and power cable attached properly
3. Safety precautions are carefully observed.
4. The ink or toner is properly reinstalled.

5
4
3
2
1

Excellently Performed
Very Satisfactorily Performed
Satisfactorily Performed
Fairly Performed
Poorly Performed

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ANSWER KEY 4.2.2

1. Operating System configures and manages hardware and it helps to connect hardware
and applications.
2. Common operating systems are MAC OS, Windows, MS-DOS and Linux.

ANSWER KEY 4.2.3

A. True or False
1. False
2. True
3. True
4. False
5. False

B.
System Software tells the Central processing unit what to do.

Application Software This is designed and written to perform specific


personal, business, or scientific processing tasks, such as payroll processing, human resource
management, or inventory management.

Programming Software - to make software using different programming languages.

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ANSWER KEY 4.2.4


1. Modem - allows a given computer to share data or otherwise a device which let
computers exchange information
2. Mouse It is used for pointing and also to easily access other commands
3. Keyboard It is primarily used in entering and editing data
4. Speaker It play sounds transmitted as electrical signals from the sound card.
5. Monitor It displays activity inside the computer
ANSWER KEY 4.2.5
1. A multimedia is a combination of multiple communication media such as text, graphics,
video, animation, sounds and others.
2. Since CD-ROM is the backbone of multimedia applications we now have different
software applications that help the computer technician or even the user to maintain,
upgrade, install and repair our computers.
Also to be considered the different websites from the internet thathelp us in solving and
fixing related problems.

ANSWER KEY4.2.6

a) Multiple Choice.
1. b
2. c
3. d
4. b
5. c

b) True or False
1. False
2. True
3. True
4. True
5. False

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Program/ Course:

Computer Hardware Servicing

Unit of Competency:

Install Computer Systems and Networks

Module:

Conducting Validation and Testing

Learning Outcome No. 3

Conduct validation and testing

Assessment Criteria:
1. OH&S policies are strictly followed resulting to no lost time injury.
2. Specified testing procedures for circuit and system are carried out.
3. Installed devices/systems are protected against loss/damage in accordance with
established standard
4. Approval is obtained before any validation or testing is employed.
5. Installation proceedings, devices/systems test conforms with specified
requirements.
6. Every device system noticed to cause malfunction of the system is removed,
tested and returned to pretest condition in accordance with the established
procedures.
7. Final inspection, testing and validation are undertaken to ensure quality
performance of the system.
8. Documentation of the performed job is submitted to a laboratory teacher
following the format given.

Resources:
Tools, Materials and Equipment and Facilities
ICT Laboratory
Computer Table and Chairs
Computers
Printers
Installation CDs
And other Computer Accessories

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References:

Sawyer, Stackey G./ Williams, Brian K., Using Information Technology, A Practical
Introduction to Computers and Communications International Ed. MC Graw-Hill
Higher Education;2000
Meyers Mike, Introduction to PC Hardware and Troubleshooting, Philippines:
McGraw-Hill Education (Asia): 2006
Marcelo, Antoinette R., Understanding PC Hardware, Philippines: Jemma Inc., 2007
http://www.pcguide.com/byop/byop_PoweringUptheSystemfortheFirstTime.htm
http://www.tekxam.com/StudyGuide/concepts/Troubleshooting/troubleshooting.ht
ml
http://www.pcguide.com/ts/toolsSoftware-c.html
http://www.pcguide.com/ts/toolsSoftware-c.html

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Testing Procedures

Deciding When to Test the System. Identify computer symptoms and defects

Preparing to Test the System . Its recommended that you should not plug your
computer and monitor directly to a wall outlet. Rather, you should purchase a UPS
(uninterruptible power supply). The UPS serves as a surge protector to prevent your
system from being damaged if a power spike is delivered to it and when power will
fail unexpectedly. The UPS gives you time to save your work and properly shut down
your system. If a system is turned off and back on rapidly, its probably not good for
the system. A very short power drop could mimic this effect and could be hard on
both the computer and the monitor. A UPS prevents this.

Plugging in the power cord to the back of the case

Powering Up the System for the First Time . Examining the back of the PC case, we
see that there is a switch with two positions, 0 and 1. Zero often means off, and one
often means on in the computer world. We turn the switch from 0 to 1 and push the
power button again

Adjusting BIOS Settings . To enter BIOS setup, a key, such as delete, is usually
pressed when the system first starts up. Consult your main board manual if you want
to learn more about BIOS setup.

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Replacing the Side of the Case and Bezel . Now that your system is tested and weve
visually seen that the CPU fan is spinning properly, we can shut down the system and
replace the side of the

Replacing the side of the case


This case side must be pushed toward the back of the case to engage lugs on
the case. Before closing the case, be sure no wires or cables are near the edges
where they might get pinched.

Screwing in the side of the case


Some cheaper cases have poorly tapped threads for the screws, so use only minimal force
to tighten the cover screws.

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Closing the bezel


Here the lip of the bezel hits the CD-RW drive and we need to gently lift up the CD drive to
close the bezel. Dont just slam the bezel to close it. Close it gently to be sure nothing
interferes with it closing.
It also saves wear and tear if you depress the front cover latch as you close it.. Tilt the front
of the case upward to get a good grip on the latch.

Back of the side panel


If you have difficulty replacing the side of your case, examine it carefully to see how the lugs
engage the rest of the case.

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SEQUENCING. Arrange the following Testing Procedures in their proper order by

writing A for the first, B for the second, and so on down to the last.

______ 1. Prepare to test the system.


______ 2. Powering Up the System for the First Time
______ 3. Deciding When to Test the System
______ 4. Replacing the Side of the Case and Bezel
______ 5. Adjusting BIOS Settings

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Cable Troubleshooting

Knowing simple troubleshooting techniques may help you correct some situations
and continue working. The main factors to keep in mind when troubleshooting are: do not
panic, take a common sense approach, and work from general to specific when addressing
the problem.
A series of troubleshooting tips are listed below.
Hardware
Make sure that the power cable is plugged in.
Some computer systems have several power cables, often one for each component.
Check each one and make sure that the plug is completely plugged in.

Be sure that all cables are connected.


Computer systems usually have several cables associated with them that are used to
connect the peripherals to the main system. Check both ends of the cables and make sure
they are plugged in securely and plugged into the correct location.
See to it that all components are switched on.
Most systems have components and peripherals attached to them and quite often
each one has its own power switch. All components must be switched on if communication
is to be established between them.

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The keyboard and mouse cables are snugly connected to their ports.
The keyboard and mouse are moved every time the computer is used they can work
themselves loose over time. Check their connections.

Watch out for power outages or electrical storms.


Power outages and lightening strikes can damage your system. If lightning has
damaged your system, you very likely have a serious problem with some component in the
system. This is a good time to ask for assistance from someone who deals with these types
of problems on a regular basis. A UPS (uninterruptible power supply) should prevent any
damage from power outages and will also provide some protection from lightning. But
remember, nothing stops a direct lightning hit. The best protection is to completely unplug
the system from electrical outlets and unplug the modem connection.

Check if the network is operating and that the phone line is valid.
If your computer is not communicating, check the phone line or network cable for a
good connection. If you have a dialup connection, pick up the phone and listen for a dial
tone. If you are connected to a network, contact your network administrator.
Shutdown the system down and restart.
One of the great (and often frustrating) properties about computers is that in many
cases just turning the system off, waiting a minute and then turning it back on will correct
the problem.
Ask for assistance.
Your computer system is a significant investment and an important tool. Do not let
your pride keep you from asking for help when you need it.
If you are not sure ask!

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Cable Testing / Troubleshooting

Equipment, Tools, and Materials:


Power Cable

Computer Unit, Automatic Voltage Regulator (AVR),

Given the following tools, materials and equipment, perform cable testing and
troubleshooting

You will be assessed using the criteria in the score card below.

PERFORMANCE SCORE CARD

Scoring
Performance Criteria
1 2 3 4 5
1. The power cable plugged in properly.
2. The connection of AVR to the Power source is done properly.
3. Safety precautions are carefully observed.
4. The fuse and the switch are carefully checked.
5. Replacement of defective devices is successfully done.

Excellently Performed

Very Satisfactorily Performed

Satisfactorily Performed

Fairly Performed

Poorly Performed

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Diagnostic Software
The purpose of diagnostic software is simple: to test drives and diagnose potential
problems. These programs usually come with retail drives on a floppy disk, or can be
downloaded from the manufacturer's web site. In some cases a single program will function
for any of the manufacturer's drives, but in other cases a different program is needed
depending on the drive model.
If you suspect a problem with your hard disk, you should always run a diagnostic
program to check the status of the drive.
The following are the common diagnostic software .

Power-On Self Test (POST): It is built into system BIOS and it runs every time you
start up your PC automatically. It is often the best indicator of system problems.
MEM.EXE: This simple utility, built into recent versions of DOS and also Windows 95,
provides with details about memory configuration, as well as what is currently using
memory.
Microsoft Diagnostics: Better known as "MSD.EXE", this is a small DOS utility that
takes a brief inventory of the contents of a PC and shows them a text-based format.
This is very useful for seeing what disks are in the system, how much memory is
installed, and also for checking system resource usage such as LPT ports and IRQs. It
will show what type of BIOS are using and also what UART chip have in the serial
ports.
The Windows 95 Device Manager: This is the most useful tool for identifying system
configuration and resource usage information under Windows 95.
Norton System Information: This utility is similar to the Microsoft Diagnostics, SI
shows a great deal of information about what is in the PC. This program is part of
Symantec's Norton Utilities.
Microsoft ScanDisk and Norton Disk Doctor: These programs are used to check for
hard disk problems. This includes file system corruption and hard disk read errors.
They should be used when hard disk problems are suspected.
Norton Diagnostics: It includes tests of the processor and motherboard and system
memory, and will identify some types of resource conflicts.

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Identification. Identify the correct Diagnostic tool or software stated below.


Use a separate sheet of paper in answering

1. This program includes file system corruption and hard disk read errors.
2. This is the most useful tool for identifying system configuration and resource
usage information.
3. A Diagnostic Software often the best indicator of system problems
4. It includes tests of the processor and motherboard and system memory, and
will identify some types of resource conflicts.
5. Known as "MSD.EXE a small DOS utility that takes a brief inventory of the
contents of a PC

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Device Drivers
Now that you have an operating system installed, youll need to install drivers for
your devices such as Video Cards, Network Interface Cards, Sound Cards, etc. In many cases,
if Windows recognizes the device, drivers will be installed automatically. In some cases,
generic drivers are installed and they will work fine.
Drivers are small software programs that help the operating system use or drive
the device. Whenever a device doesnt work properly, ask if the proper driver has been
installed.
Driver Installation Example: Monitor Driver
Installing the proper monitor information files is one of the small things that
purchasing a fully assembled PC

Default Monitor Driver


In the Control Panel, select.System to open the System Properties dialog box Then
select Device Manager to get a list of hardware in the PC. Finally, click Monitor, and
youll see that a generic monitor is listed.

System Properties

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Installing a Sound Card Drivers


Once the sound card is installed, start the system and let the windows Plug and Play
install the sound cards drivers. After your driver is installed, make a quick trip to Device
Manager to make sure that the driver was installed correctly. . The Printer Install Wizard
is perfectly installed
Installing Other Drivers
Proceed similarly to install drivers for your other devices, such as a sound card if you
have one. Whenever a device doesnt seem to be working properly, ask if youve installed
the proper device driver or if its been done automatically. Looking for the device under
Device Manager in Windows is a good way to see if the device driver is installed. As you can
see in the figure below a question mark by Ethernet Controller in Device Manager shows
that network drivers arent yet installed.

Unrecognized device

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If your main board has built-in sound or networking, a CD that contains drivers
probably came with the main board. Place the CD into the CD drive and let Windows XP
search for the appropriate driver.

Other common drivers are LAN (Local Area Networking) driver, CD media driver,
expansion cards, keyboards, printers, USB devices and others.

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Device Drivers
Material: Installation CD

Given an installation CD, perform installation of a device driver.

Students output will be graded thru Performance Score Card below.

PERFORMANCE SCORE CARD


Scoring
Performance Criteria
1

1. The system is correctly started.


2. The Installation CD is properly inserted.
3. Handling and safekeeping of installation CD is observed.
4. The instructions how to install device drivers are accurately
followed.
5. The device drivers are successfully installed

Excellently Performed

Very Satisfactorily Performed

Satisfactorily Performed

Fairly Performed

Poorly Performed

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Installation Of Peripherals
Note: If your computer doesnt have an operating system installed yet,
you will want to stop after you install your mouse and keyboard, install your
operating system, and then resume the installation of your peripherals
Installing the Keyboard
1. Read and follow the manufacturers instructions
2. Determine if the keyboard uses a PS/2 or USB connector. The PS/2 connector for
keyboards is round and typically colored purple, while the USB is flat and
rectangular in shape.

PS/S CONNECTOR

3. Installing the keyboard by plugging it


the chosen port.
4.

USB CONNECTOR

into

Note: Do not install your keyboard while your Computer is powered on


and do not unplug your keyboard while your computer is running.
Installing the Mouse
Installing a mouse is very similar to installing a keyboard. You will still find mice with
either USB or PS/2 connectivity, although most of the newer mice will use a USB connection,
especially if you are using a mouse for gaming. Just like the keyboard, you can

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also use an adapter to change a USB connection to PS/2. If you are going to have a lot of
USB peripherals, you may want to consider using adapters for your mouse and keyboard or
perhaps using a USB hub for some of your peripherals. To complete the installation, simply
plug the mouse into the proper port.

Installing the Monitor


Installing a monitor (also known as a display) requires
1. Provide a free power outlet for A/C power.
2. Identifying the connection type you will use to connect the monitor to your
graphics card
3. For the best picture quality possible, use the digital DVI port on your graphics
card and display if they are available. Most graphics cards now support multiple
monitors and they typically include the adapters required to change a DVI
connection to VGA for older displays.
4. Once you have the display plugged in, simply connect it to the appropriate
connector on your video card and you are ready to go. Drivers are not typically
required for displays. but once again consult the manufacturers instructions for
details.
Installing the Speakers
1. Determine the type of speakers you are using. Perform a simple set of 2.0 or 2.1
speakers.
2. Connect the audio cable to the line-out jack of your computers sound card,
and connect the other end(s) to the speaker unless they are already hard-wired
3. Plug in the power cord.
4. If you are using a full 5.1 or 7.1 surround sound system, the connections get a bit
more complicated.
5. Read the instructions that came with the speakers and sound card for full details
on this step. You can also find USB-powered speakers that have their own sound
card built in and need only be connected to power.
Installing a Webcam
Most webcams are USB-powered and simply require that you plug them in and
install their drivers. However, some cams require that the drivers be installed first, so be
sure to read the instructions that came with your webcam to avoid any problems. If you
bought a FireWire (a form of connection that is often faster than USB connections) webcam,
ensure that your computer has a FireWire port because they are not yet all that common.

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Installing the Printer


1. Make sure that you have an appropriate printer cable and, if necessary, a
separate power cable.
2. Turn off your PC and install the USB or parallel cable between the printer and the
PC.
3. Insert the ink cartridge or toner cartridge.
4. Plug in the printer and turn it on.
5. Reboot you PC.
6. Wait for Windows to see the new printer hardware and start the Printer Install
Wizard.
7. If you have an Installation CD, cancel the Printer Install Wizard and allow it to
auto play. Follow the instructions to install the printer driver.
8. After the printer has been installed, run a test print to verify that the printer is
working properly.
Installing a Scanner
Installing a scanner is almost identical to installing your printer. Again, you will simply
need to install the drivers and then plug the USB cable in

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Installation of Peripherals, Network Devices and other I/O Devices


Equipment, Tools, and Materials: Window system without an installed printer, any type
of printer with cables, documentation, and an installation CD.
Given the following tools, materials and equipment, perform installation of a printer.
Students output will be graded thru Performance Score Card below.
PERFORMANCE SCORE CARD
Scoring
Performance Criteria
1

1. The USB or parallel cable is properly installed.


2. The ink or toner cartridge is correctly inserted.
3. The printer is properly plugged and turned on.
4. The Personal Computer (PC) is rebooted.
5. The Printer Install Wizard is perfectly installed
6. A test print is successfully done.
7. The printer is perfectly working.

Excellently Performed

Very Satisfactorily Performed

Satisfactorily Performed

Fairly Performed

Poorly Performed

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ANSWER KEY 4. 3.1

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

B
C
A
E
D

ANSWER KEY 4.3.3

1. Microsoft ScanDisk and Norton Disk Doctor


2. The Windows 95 Device Manager
3. Power-On Self Test (POST
4. Norton Diagnostic
5. Microsoft Diagnostic

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SUMMARY OF LEARNING OUTCOMES:


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ASSESSMENT CRITERIA:
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