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EN 10204:2004 - Type 3.2 Inspection Certification

EN 10204:2004 - Type 3.2 Inspection Certification With the introduction of EC directives, such as the

With the introduction of EC directives, such as the Pressure Equipment Directive (PED), there is an increasing requirement for product manufacturers to prove the materials they use meet defined chemical and mechanical properties. This has led to the authentication of material certification requirements under the standard EN10204:2004. This factsheet gives more information about achieving certification under Type 3.2 of that standard.

Background

In Germany, inspection documents (certificate types) were originally specified in standard DIN 50049. These definitions of material testing and certificate types were adopted for European standard EN 10204, first published in 1991 when certificate types 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.1A, 3.1B, 3.1C and 3.2 were defined, which closely followed the definitions in the German standard.

EN 10204 was revised in 2004 with a simplified range of inspection documents

(certificate types). These now only include types 2.1, 2.2, 3.1 and 3.2.

− Type 2.3 has been deleted

− Type 3.1 replaces 3.1B

− Type 3.2 replaces 3.1A, 3.1C and 3.2 of the previous edition This reduced range of options was designed to make the standard easier to understand and work with.

What is a true Type 3.2 certification?

Inspection certificate “Type 3.2” is defined within EN10204:2004 as a “Document

3.2” is defined within EN10204:2004 as a “Document prepared by both the manufacturer’s authorized inspection
3.2” is defined within EN10204:2004 as a “Document prepared by both the manufacturer’s authorized inspection

prepared by both the manufacturer’s authorized inspection representative, independent of the manufacturing department and either the purchaser’s

authorized representative or the inspector designated by the official regulations and

in which they declare that the products

supplied are in compliance with the requirements of the order and in which test results are supplied”.

Industry recognises an independent third party inspection as fulfilling the role of “purchaser’s authorized representative or the inspector designated by the official regulations”.

EN 10204:2004 defines the manufacturer

as an “organization that manufactures

the respective products according to the requirements of the order and to the properties specified in the referenced product specification”.

A manufacturer will be any party which

carries out operations affecting the material properties of the finished product.

Examples of manufacturers are:

steelmakers, foundries, smelters, forgers, pipe/plate mills, etc.

Therefore, true EN 10204:2004 Type 3.2 certification is produced by the manufacturer, with test results supplied. The independent third-party inspector will have witnessed test results and verified the material’s identification and traceability through objective evidence.

verified the material’s identification and traceability through objective evidence. Working together for a safer world

Working together for a safer world

How to achieve certification

Lloyd’s Register Energy offers an independent third party inspection role to manufacturers for Type 3.2 certification. This involves visiting the manufacturer where the surveyor will identify the material to be verified. This includes a visual examination, sample dimensional checks and confirmation that the material is traceable back to the ladle chemical analysis, which may be in the form of an EN 10204:2004 Type 3.1 certificate. The traceable reference may be the cast or heat number, test number or some other reference clearly traceable back to the ladle analysis.

The traceable reference would normally be marked on the component by the manufacturer via indelible means, i.e. hard stamping, etching, stenciling or other indelible marking. Adequate material is identified by the surveyor for further testing, with the traceable identity transferred, including test stamp marking of the original piece. Documentation would be reviewed against specification for compliance with chemical composition, heat treatment and non-destructive examination.

The Lloyd’s Register Energy surveyor would also visit the test house (either a department independent of production within the manufacturer or a sub-contract independent nationally or internationally accredited test facility) to witness the appropriate tests (tensile, impacts, bend tests, hardness etc.) and review any applicable metallurgical tests (corrosion, structure etc.) as specified in the standard or specification and review the results obtained to ensure they meet the requirements.

Providing all the testing and examinations meet with the specified requirements, the surveyor would carry out a final visit to the manufacturer to verify that the material meets the “product specification” as defined in EN 10204:2004, review and countersign their

Type 3.2 certification and inspect and hard stamp, or otherwise indelibly mark the material.

Certification to the Intent of Type 3.2

Often in industry, the purchaser (end user) will order material from an intermediate material handler. The intermediate material handler may select material that has only been certified by the manufacturer using a Type 3.1 certificate. As defined by EN10204:2004, this certification has not been validated by an independent third party inspector. However, it is widely accepted that material covered by Type 3.1 certification can be “validated” to the intent of Type 3.2 by the intermediate material handler employing an independent third party inspector to validate this material by way of verification tests.

Lloyd’s Register Energy offers an independent third party inspection role to intermediate material handlers or processors for “intent-of” Type 3.2 certification. This involves visiting the intermediate material handler to identify

the material to be verified. This includes

a visual examination, sample dimensional

checks and confirmation that the material

is traceable back to the ladle chemical

analysis which may be in the form of an EN 10204 Type 3.1 certificate.

The traceable reference may be the cast or heat number, test number or some other reference clearly traceable back to the mill certificate. The traceable reference would normally be marked on the component by the original material manufacturer via indelible means, either hard stamping, etching, stenciling or other indelible marking. Adequate material is identified by the surveyor for further testing with the traceable identity transferred, including test stamp marking of the original piece.

The Lloyd’s Register Energy surveyor

would also visit the test house, normally

a sub-contract independent nationally

or internationally accredited test facility, to witness all additional testing of the

material that is necessary to confirm compliance with the specification.

Providing all the testing and examinations meet with the specified requirements, the surveyor would carry out a final visit to the intermediate material handler to review documentation (including the original manufacturer’s Type 3.1 certificate), verify that the material meets the product specification and the customer’s purchase order requirements, and inspect and hard stamp the material. The surveyor will then issue a Lloyd’s Register Energy certificate to the intent of EN10204:2004 Type 3.2, referencing the laboratory test report and the material manufacturer’s Type 3.1 certificate.

Any material inspected “to the intent of” EN 10204:2004 Type 3.2 must not be passed off to customers as being certified in accordance with true EN 10204:2004 Type 3.2.

The acceptability of any certification “to the intent of” Type 3.2 should be confirmed with the purchaser, customer or end user before work starts. In some applications a true EN 10204:2004 Type 3.2 certificate is required and “intent of Type 3.2” certification will not be acceptable.

In both cases described above, Lloyd’s Register Energy surveyors responsible for the third party inspection can, at the client’s request, issue inspection certificates that detail the scope of inspection carried out and include a statement that the manufacturer’s EN10204:2004 Type 3.2 certificate has been endorsed, or stating that the intent of EN10204:2004 Type 3.2 has been met, as applicable.

Benefits of using Lloyd’s Register

Technical expertise

Assurance that products meet the specified standard

Acceptance by authorities worldwide

Global and local network of experienced surveyors

Limits your risk

To find out more about how we can help:

Visit: www.lr.org/inspection Email: inspection@lr.org

www.lr.org

August 2015 Lloyd’s Register and variants of it are trading names of Lloyd’s Register Group Limited, its subsidiaries and affiliates. Copyright © Lloyd’s Register Group Services Limited. 2015. A member of the Lloyd’s Register group.