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Characteristics of Ecological System

Population-is a group o individuals of the same species that live in an area at a particular time.
Community- is made up of all the population that live and interact with each other in an area,
Niche- Pertains to a role of the organism in a community.
A habitat is an ecological or environmental area that is inhabited by human, a particular species of animal, plant, or other type of
organism.[1][2]A place where a living thing lives is its habitat. It is a place where it can find food, shelter, protection and mates for
reproduction.
The environments consist of all the non-living (abiotic) and living (biotic). The interaction of nonliving things and living things forms
an ecosystem.
An ecosystem is a group of living things that interact with one another and with the environment. An ecosystem can as small as the
pond or as big as the Savanna.
An ecosystem is stable, self-sustaining and self regulating unit if the following conditions exist.
1. There is a constant supply of energy.
2. There is a living system capable of incorporating this energy into organic compounds.
3. There is a livng system capable of pasing this energy from one organism to another,
4. It carries the recycling of materials between the living and non living components of the environment.
BIOSPHERE-the ecosystem comprising the entire earth and the living organisms that inhabit it.
Ecosystem

Biotic

Abiotic

autotrops

heterotrops

Producers

*Consumers
Herbivores
Carnivores
OMNIVORES

Photosynthetic
Producers
Chemosynthetic
Producers

*DECOMPOSER
S
Scavengers
Detritivores
Saprotrophs

Water and
Moisture
pH
Salinity
Chemical
Substance
Ground(rock soil)
Light

The biotic components of an ecosystem are classified according to their ecological niche.
Autotrops (producers) -Are those organisms that can be produce their own food by photosynthesis or chemosynthesis.
Photoautotrophs- are those organisms that harvest light energy and store it as glucose.
Chemoautotrophs- cam synthesize inorganic substance to produce an energy storing substance.
A heterotrophy can either be a consumer or a decomposer.
Herbivores- are kinds of consumer that only eats producer.
Carnivores- are considered to be meat eaters.
Omnivores- are another type of consumer whose primary food source are the plants and other animals.
Decomposers- feed themselves by eating dead organisms. They usually speed up the process and also return the energy, nutrients
back to the soil.
Scavengers- are decomposers whose primary sources of food are the bodies of animals.
Detrivores- usually eats the bodies that are already decaying.
Saprotrophs- feed themselves by absorbing nutrients from the decaying organisms thereby speeding the decomposition process.