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GSM BSS

GBSS16.0

GPRS EGPRS Connection Control


and Transfer Feature Parameter
Description
Issue

02

Date

2014-06-30

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2014. All rights reserved.


No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions


and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information,
and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations
of any kind, either express or implied.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
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recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address:

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Contents

Contents
1 About This Document..................................................................................................................1
1.1 Scope..............................................................................................................................................................................1
1.2 Intended Audience..........................................................................................................................................................1
1.3 Change History...............................................................................................................................................................1

2 Overview.........................................................................................................................................3
2.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................................................................3
2.2 NEs Supporting the Feature............................................................................................................................................3

3 Technical Description...................................................................................................................5
3.1 Establishment of an Uplink TBF....................................................................................................................................5
3.1.1 Establishment of an Uplink TBF on the CCCH..........................................................................................................6
3.1.2 Establishment of an Uplink TBF on the PCCCH........................................................................................................8
3.1.3 Establishment of an Uplink TBF on the PACCH........................................................................................................9
3.2 Establishment of a Downlink TBF...............................................................................................................................11
3.2.1 Establishment of a Downlink TBF on the CCCH.....................................................................................................12
3.2.2 Establishment of a Downlink TBF on the PCCCH...................................................................................................13
3.2.3 Establishment of a Downlink TBF on the PACCH...................................................................................................13
3.2.4 Establishment of a Downlink TBF on the Uplink.....................................................................................................13
3.2.5 Establishment of a Downlink TBF on the Downlink................................................................................................14
3.2.6 Early Establishment of a Downlink TBF..................................................................................................................15
3.3 Release of a TBF..........................................................................................................................................................15
3.3.1 Release of a Non-extended Uplink TBF....................................................................................................................16
3.3.2 Release of an Extended Uplink TBF.........................................................................................................................17
3.3.3 Release of a Downlink TBF......................................................................................................................................18
3.4 Uplink Data Transmission............................................................................................................................................19
3.4.1 Dynamic Allocation Mode........................................................................................................................................20
3.4.2 Extended Dynamic Allocation Mode........................................................................................................................21
3.4.3 Handling of LLC PDUs and RLC Data Blocks.........................................................................................................22
3.4.4 RLC Mode.................................................................................................................................................................22
3.4.4.1 RLC Acknowledged Mode.....................................................................................................................................22
3.4.4.2 RLC Unacknowledged Mode.................................................................................................................................23
3.4.5 Uplink Access Congestion Control...........................................................................................................................23
3.5 Downlink Data Transmission.......................................................................................................................................23
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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Contents

3.5.1 Scheduling of Downlink Radio Blocks.....................................................................................................................23


3.5.1.1 Handling for Downlink Radio Block Scheduling...................................................................................................23
3.5.1.2 Handling for No Radio Block Scheduling..............................................................................................................24
3.5.2 Handling of LLC PDUs and RLC Data Blocks.........................................................................................................24
3.5.3 RLC Mode.................................................................................................................................................................24
3.5.3.1 Acknowledged Mode..............................................................................................................................................25
3.5.3.2 Unacknowledged Mode..........................................................................................................................................25
3.5.4 Downlink Flow Control.............................................................................................................................................25
3.5.5 LLC PDU Lifetime Supervision................................................................................................................................26
3.5.6 Flush LL Procedure...................................................................................................................................................26
3.5.7 GPRS Fast Transmission...........................................................................................................................................27
3.6 Reassignment of a TBF................................................................................................................................................27
3.6.1 Reassignment of an Uplink TBF...............................................................................................................................27
3.6.2 Reassignment of a Downlink TBF............................................................................................................................27
3.6.3 Reassignment of Concurrent Uplink and Downlink TBFs (TS Procedure)..............................................................28
3.7 Suspension and Resumption of a TBF.........................................................................................................................29
3.7.1 Suspension.................................................................................................................................................................29
3.7.2 Resumption................................................................................................................................................................29
3.8 Enhancement of Extended Uplink TBF Function........................................................................................................29
3.8.1 Early TBF Establishment...........................................................................................................................................29
3.8.2 Sending Dummy Control Block................................................................................................................................30
3.8.3 Controlling the Frequency of Sending Packet Uplink Ack/Nack Messages.............................................................30
3.9 Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency..............................................................................................................30
3.9.1 Uplink TBF Existence and RRBP Transmission Interval.........................................................................................31
3.9.2 Delayed Downlink TBF Release and RRBP Transmission Interval.........................................................................31

4 Related Features...........................................................................................................................32
5 Network Impact...........................................................................................................................33
5.1 Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS................................................................................................................33
5.1.1 System Capacity........................................................................................................................................................33
5.1.2 Network Performance................................................................................................................................................33
5.2 Extended Uplink TBF...................................................................................................................................................33
5.2.1 System Capacity........................................................................................................................................................33
5.2.2 Network Performance................................................................................................................................................33
5.3 Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency..............................................................................................................34
5.3.1 System Capacity........................................................................................................................................................34
5.3.2 Network Performance................................................................................................................................................34
5.4 Early TBF Establishment..............................................................................................................................................34
5.4.1 System Capacity........................................................................................................................................................34
5.4.2 Network Performance................................................................................................................................................34
5.5 GPRS Fast Transmission..............................................................................................................................................34
5.5.1 System Capacity........................................................................................................................................................34
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iii

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Contents

5.5.2 Network Performance................................................................................................................................................34

6 Engineering Guidelines.............................................................................................................35
6.1 When to Use GPRS/EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer...................................................................................35
6.1.1 Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS.............................................................................................................35
6.1.2 Extended Uplink TBF................................................................................................................................................35
6.1.3 Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency...........................................................................................................35
6.1.4 Early TBF Establishment...........................................................................................................................................35
6.1.5 GPRS Fast Transmission...........................................................................................................................................35
6.2 Required Information...................................................................................................................................................35
6.2.1 Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS.............................................................................................................35
6.2.2 Extended Uplink TBF................................................................................................................................................36
6.2.3 Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency...........................................................................................................36
6.2.4 Early TBF Establishment...........................................................................................................................................36
6.2.5 GPRS Fast Transmission...........................................................................................................................................36
6.3 Planning........................................................................................................................................................................36
6.3.1 RF Planning...............................................................................................................................................................36
6.3.2 Network Planning......................................................................................................................................................36
6.3.3 Hardware Planning....................................................................................................................................................36
6.4 Deploying Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS..............................................................................................36
6.4.1 Deployment Requirements........................................................................................................................................36
6.4.2 Activation..................................................................................................................................................................37
6.4.3 Activation Observation..............................................................................................................................................38
6.4.4 Deactivation...............................................................................................................................................................39
6.5 Deploying Extended Uplink TBF.................................................................................................................................40
6.5.1 Deployment Requirements........................................................................................................................................40
6.5.2 Activation..................................................................................................................................................................41
6.5.3 Activation Observation..............................................................................................................................................42
6.5.4 Deactivation...............................................................................................................................................................42
6.6 Deploying Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency............................................................................................43
6.7 Deploying Early TBF Establishment............................................................................................................................43
6.7.1 Deployment Requirements........................................................................................................................................44
6.7.2 Activation..................................................................................................................................................................44
6.7.3 Activation Observation..............................................................................................................................................45
6.7.4 Deactivation...............................................................................................................................................................45
6.8 Deploying GPRS Fast Transmission............................................................................................................................46
6.8.1 Deployment Requirements........................................................................................................................................46
6.8.2 Activation..................................................................................................................................................................47
6.8.3 Activation Observation..............................................................................................................................................48
6.8.4 Deactivation...............................................................................................................................................................48
6.9 Performance Monitoring...............................................................................................................................................49
6.9.1 Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS.............................................................................................................49
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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Contents

6.9.2 Extended Uplink TBF................................................................................................................................................49


6.9.3 Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency...........................................................................................................50
6.9.4 Early TBF Establishment...........................................................................................................................................50
6.9.5 GPRS Fast Transmission...........................................................................................................................................50
6.10 Parameter Optimization..............................................................................................................................................50
6.10.1 Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS...........................................................................................................50
6.10.2 Extended Uplink TBF..............................................................................................................................................50
6.10.3 Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency.........................................................................................................50
6.10.4 Early TBF Establishment.........................................................................................................................................51
6.10.5 GPRS Fast Transmission.........................................................................................................................................51
6.11 Troubleshooting..........................................................................................................................................................51

7 Parameters.....................................................................................................................................52
8 Counters......................................................................................................................................139
9 Glossary.......................................................................................................................................140
10 Reference Documents.............................................................................................................141

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

1 About This Document

About This Document

1.1 Scope
This document describes GPRS/EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer, including its
technical principles, related features, network impact, and engineering guidelines.
This document covers the following features:
l

GBFD-119202 Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS

GBFD-119203 Extended Uplink TBF

GBFD-119205 Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency

GBFD-119503 Early TBF Establishment

GBFD-119509 GPRS Fast Transmission

1.2 Intended Audience


This document is intended for personnel who:
l

Need to understand the features described herein

Work with Huawei products

1.3 Change History


This section provides information about the changes in different document versions. There are
two types of changes, which are defined as follows:
l

Feature change
Changes in features of a specific product version

Editorial change
Changes in wording or addition of information that was not described in the earlier version

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

1 About This Document

02 (2014-06-30)
This issue includes the following changes.
Change Type

Change Description

Parameter Description

Feature change

None

None

Editorial change

Modified 6.7 Deploying Early


TBF Establishment.

None

01 (2014-04-30)
This issue does not include any changes.

Draft A (2014-01-23)
Compared with Issue 03 (2013-11-15) of GBSS15.0, Draft A (2014-01-23) of GBSS16.0
includes the following changes.
Change Type

Change Description

Parameter Change

Feature change

Modified the following contents:

Added the following


parameter:

3.6 Reassignment of a TBF

Editorial change

Issue 02 (2014-06-30)

6.4.1 Deployment Requirements

ReAssignResendSw
(BSC6900,BSC6910)

None

None

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

2 Overview

Overview

2.1 Introduction
GPRS/EGPRS connection control refers to the establishment and release of TBFs. It includes
the following functions:
l

Establishment of uplink and downlink TBFs

Release of uplink and downlink TBFs

Reassignment of TBFs

Suspension and resumption of TBFs

GPRS/EGPRS transfer refers to the transfer of data within TBFs. It includes the following
functions:
l

Uplink and downlink data transmission

Enhancement of extended uplink TBFs

Dynamic adjustment of relative reserved block period (RRBP) frequency

2.2 NEs Supporting the Feature


Table 2-1 NEs supporting the feature

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Feature

BSC6900

BSC6910

GBTS

eGBTS

Packet Assignment Taken Over by


the BTS

Extended Uplink TBF

Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP


Frequency

Early TBF Establishment

GPRS Fast Transmission

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

2 Overview

NOTE

indicates that the NE supports this feature. indicates that the NE does not support this feature.

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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

3 Technical Description

Technical Description

3.1 Establishment of an Uplink TBF


Based on the channel type and access phase, establishment of an uplink TBF is classified into:
l

Establishment of an uplink TBF on the common control channel (CCCH): It is triggered if


no PBCCH is configured in a cell.

Establishment of an uplink TBF on the packet common control channel (PCCCH): It is


triggered if the PBCCH is configured in a cell.

Establishment of an uplink TBF on the packet associated control channel (PACCH): It is


triggered if a downlink TBF already exists.

Before transmitting data, an MS initiates a PS channel request. The PS channel request is of the
following types: one-phase access and two-phase access.
l

For a one-phase access request, the BSC assigns radio resources to an MS at a time upon
receiving the request. The radio resources can be the temporary flow identity (TFI) or uplink
state flag (USF) resources.

For a two-phase access request, the processing procedure is as follows:

1.

The BSC assigns one RLC/MAC control block to an MS. The MS transmits a Packet
Resource Request message on the assigned radio block.

2.

The BSC assigns radio resources (such as the TFI or USF) to the MS. Then the MS starts
to send data on the assigned radio resources.

The Packet Channel Request message is an 8-bit or 11-bit access burst, which carries only a
small amount of information. The Packet Resource Request message, however, is an RLC/MAC
signaling packet encoded using Coding scheme 1 (CS-1), which carries more information,
including the temporary logical link identifier (TLLI), MS multislot capability, and radio
priority.

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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

3 Technical Description

3.1.1 Establishment of an Uplink TBF on the CCCH


One-Phase Packet Access on the CCCH
Figure 3-1 shows the procedure for establishing an uplink TBF when one-phase packet access
uses the CCCH.
Figure 3-1 One-phase packet access on the uplink CCCH

1.

If no PCCCH is configured for a cell, an MS in packet idle mode sends a Channel Request
message to the BSC over the random access channel (RACH).

2.

After receiving the Channel Request message from the MS, the BSC starts to establish a
TBF and informs the MS whether the access request is allowed. If the request is allowed,
the BSC sends an Immediate Assignment message to the MS over the access grant channel
(AGCH). The message contains the USF and the TFI of the TBF and indicates that an uplink
packet channel has been allocated for the uplink data transfer.

3.

The MS sends the first uplink RLC data block, which contains the TLLI of the MS, to the
BSC over the allocated uplink packet channel. After receiving the data block, the BSC
responds with a Packet Uplink Ack/Nack message with the TLLI to complete the contention
resolution procedure. The establishment of an uplink TBF is complete.
When the ContentionResolutionOpt(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is set to ON(On) and
the countdown value (CV) is 0 in the first RLC data block sent by the MS during one-phase
11-bit access, the BSC sends a Packet Uplink Ack/Nack(with TLLI) message to complete
the contention resolution.
When the CONTENTRESOLUTPOLICY(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is set to
FORCETHREEULACK(Three Forcibly sent), the BSC sends a Packet Uplink Ack/
Nack message with the TLLI to the MS upon receiving the RLC data block message with
the TLLI from the MS to complete the contention resolution. The BSC can send a maximum

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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

3 Technical Description

of three Packet Uplink Ack/Nack messages with the TLLI to ensure that the uplink
contention solution is quickly complete.
4.

The BSC responds with a Packet Uplink Ack/Nack message without the TLLI to
acknowledge the reception of the uplink RLC data block.

In the previous procedure, if the PDCHs are configured on the BCCH TRX and the packet uplink
immediate assignment function needs to be taken over by the BTS, set the IMMASSDLSHIFT
(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter to YES(Support) to enable the GBFD-119202 Packet
Assignment Taken Over feature. This feature enables the BTS to send Immediate Assignment
messages. This shortens the message exchange delay between the BSC and the BTS, and shortens
MS access delay by about 100 ms when an external PCU is used, thereby improving user
experience and increasing the revenue of the operator.
The BTS supports takeover of the packet uplink immediate assignment function only during
one-phase access. Figure 3-2 shows the procedure for BTS takeover.
Figure 3-2 Takeover of the packet immediate assignment function by the BTS

1.

The BSC sends a Preallocation Uplink TBF Resource Request message to the BTS,
allocating the required uplink TBF resources in advance. The BTS then responds with a
Preallocation Uplink TBF Resource Acknowledgement message.

2.

After receiving the Channel Request message from the MS, the BTS schedules uplink data
blocks using the preemption mechanism. Upon receiving the Immediate Assignment
message from the BTS over the AGCH, the MS starts to send data blocks to the BSC.

3.

Upon receiving a Channel Request(assist) message from the BTS, the BSC initiates the
procedure for establishing an uplink TBF. The BSC then sends an Immediate Assignment
(assist) message to the BTS. The establishment of an uplink TBF is complete.

When the Force2Phase(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is set to Open(Open)on the BSC, the


forced two-phase access on the CCCH is allowed for an MS.

Two-Phase Packet Access on the Uplink CCCH


Two-phase access consists of single radio block access and packet access. The purpose of single
radio block access is to assign a PACCH to an MS to transmit Packet Resource Request messages
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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

3 Technical Description

with the TLLI. The purpose of packet access is to assign packet channels for data transmission.
Figure 3-3 shows the procedure for establishing a TBF using two-phase access on the uplink
CCCH.
Figure 3-3 Two-phase packet access on the uplink CCCH

1.

If no PCCCH is configured in a cell, an MS sends a Channel Request to the BSC over the
random access channel (RACH).

2.

The BSC assigns a single uplink radio block but does not establish uplink TBFs. The BSC
then sends an Immediate Assignment message to the MS over the AGCH, indicating that
an uplink radio block has been assigned.

3.

The MS sends a Packet Resource Request message to the BSC on the assigned uplink radio
block over the PACCH. This message carries the TLLI, access type, and MS radio access
capability (RAC), and whether additional MS RAC needs to be reported.The BSC then
assigns a packet channel to the MS based on the MS RAC and then establishes an uplink
TBF.

4.

The BSC sends a Packet Uplink Assignment message with the TLLI over the same PACCH
to complete the contention resolution procedure. This message indicates that uplink packet
channels have been assigned for transmitting uplink data, including the USF and the TFI
of the TBF. If the AdditionalMSRACap(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is set to ON(ON)
and the MS instructs the BSC that additional MS RAC needs to be reported, the BSC sends
a Packet Uplink Assignment message to instruct the MS to report its additional RAC. If
AdditionalMSRACap(BSC6900,BSC6910) is set to OFF(OFF), the BSC does not instruct
the MS to send its additional RAC.

5.

The MS sends uplink data blocks without the TLLI over the assigned channel. The
establishment of an uplink TBF is complete.

6.

The subsequent procedure for two-phase access on the uplink CCCH is the same as that
for one-phase access on the uplink CCCH.

3.1.2 Establishment of an Uplink TBF on the PCCCH


If a PCCCH is configured for a cell, an MS initiates an 8-bit/11-bit one-phase or two-phase
access request on the packet random access channel (PRACH) when the MS is in packet idle
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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

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mode. When the BSC allows the access, it assigns a packet channel to the MS for transmitting
uplink data.
The basic procedure for one-/two-phase packet access on the PCCCH is mostly the same as that
for one-/two-phase packet access on the uplink CCCH, except for the differences in the following
aspects:
1.

The channel request is initiated over the PRACH.

2.

Uplink assignment instead of immediate assignment is initiated over the packet access grant
channel (PAGCH).

3.1.3 Establishment of an Uplink TBF on the PACCH


Figure 3-4 shows the procedure for establishing an uplink TBF on the PACCH.
Figure 3-4 Establishment of an uplink TBF on the downlink

1.

An MS is in packet transfer mode and there is a downlink TBF. If the BSC sets the S/P
field to 1, the MS is instructed to send a Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message in the reserved
uplink block to acknowledge the reception of downlink data. The S/P field indicates
whether the RRBP field is valid. The RRBP field indicates how many TDMA frames the
MS should wait for before sending uplink RLC data blocks. If the S/P field is set to 1 in
the header of a downlink data block, the MS is instructed to acknowledge that the RRBP
field is valid. If the S/P field is set to 0, the RRBP field is invalid.

2.

If the MS has uplink data to transmit, the MS sends a Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message
with the Channel Request Description information element (IE) to the BSC over the
PACCH.

3.

After receiving the message (the downlink TBF is now in packet transfer mode), the BSC
starts the procedure for establishing an uplink TBF on the downlink. The BSC then sends
a Packet Uplink Assignment message with the TLLI to the MS over the PACCH, establishes
an uplink TBF, and assigns a packet channel to the MS. The contention resolution procedure
is not required during the establishment of an uplink TBF on the downlink.

4.

The MS sends uplink data blocks without the TLLI over the assigned channel. The
establishment of an uplink TBF is complete.

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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

3 Technical Description

In the previous procedure, if the PDCHs are configured on the BCCH TRX and the packet
assignment function needs to be taken over by the BTS, set the PACKASSDLSHIFT
(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter to YES(Support) to enable the GBFD-119202 Packet
Assignment Taken Over by the BTS feature. This shortens the message exchange delay between
the BSC and the BTS, and shortens MS access delay by about 100 ms when an external PCU is
used, thereby improving user experience and increasing the revenue of the operator. Figure
3-5 shows the procedure for BTS takeover:
Figure 3-5 Takeover of packet uplink assignment by the BTS

1.

When an uplink TBF that does not support the Extended Uplink TBF feature is to be
released, the BSC sends a Packet Uplink Ack/Nack message with the FAI set to 1. If the
BSC detects that the downlink TBF is in packet transfer mode, the BSC reserves the uplink
TBF and then preassigns it to the BTS.

2.

After receiving a Packet Control Ack message from the MS, the BSC starts releasing the
uplink TBF.

3.

The BTS receives a Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message with the Channel Request
Description IE from the MS. The BTS then directly assigns the MS the packet channel that
is preassigned by the BSC and performs resource scheduling. The BTS sends a Packet
Uplink Assignment message to the MS, and the MS uploads data blocks. Packet assignment
is therefore successfully taken over by the BTS. At the same time, the BTS forwards the
Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message with the Channel Request Description IE to the BSC.

4.

After receiving the message, the BSC starts establishing an uplink TBF on the downlink.

5.

The BSC sends a Packet Uplink Assignment message to the MS over the PACCH. The
BTS transparently transmits the downlink messages on the packet data channel (PDCH).

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

3 Technical Description

Therefore, the MS receives the Packet Uplink Assignment message twice. Then, instead
of the BTS, the BSC takes charge of scheduling uplink data blocks.

3.2 Establishment of a Downlink TBF


Based on the channel type and access phase, establishment of a downlink TBF is classified into:
l

Establishment of a downlink TBF on the CCCH: It is triggered if no PBCCH is configured


in a cell.

Establishment of a downlink TBF on the PCCCH: It is triggered if the PBCCH is configured


in a cell.

Establishment of a downlink TBF on the PACCH: It is triggered if a downlink TBF already


exists.

Establishment of a downlink TBF on the uplink

Establishment of a downlink TBF on the downlink

The BSC resends the Packet Downlink Assignment message for the configured number of times
when both the following conditions are met:
l

The DlAssRetryTimesMax(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is set to a value other than 0.

The BSC fails to receive a response for the previous Packet Downlink Assignment message.

This increases the establishment success rate for a downlink TBF but increases the congestion
rate during peak hours. The smaller the value of the DlAssRetryTimesMax
(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter, the lower the congestion rate during peak hours, and the lower
the success rate of downlink TBF establishments.
The BSC can resend the Packet Polling Request message for the configured number of times
when both the following conditions are met:
l

The PollingRetryTimesMax(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is set to a value other than 0.

The BSC fails to receive the Packet Control Ack message.

This increases the success rate for downlink TBF establishments but increases the congestion
rate during peak hours. The smaller the value of the PollingRetryTimesMax
(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter, the lower the congestion rate during peak hours, and the lower
the success rate of downlink TBF establishments.
The BSC sends an RA-CAPABILITY-UPDATE message to obtain the MS capability from the
SGSN when both the following conditions are met:
l

The BSC does not obtain the MS capability when the downlink TBF is established or
channel resources are reassigned.

The SendRACapUpdate(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is set to ON(ON).

This helps the BSC to quickly obtain the MS support capability for resource allocation but
increases the signaling traffic over the Gb interface.
The BSC can reject the TBF establishment request when the channel resources are insufficient
or due to other reasons. The MaxDlEstRetryNum(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter determines
the number of downlink TBF establishment attempts.
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3.2.1 Establishment of a Downlink TBF on the CCCH


If no PCCCH is configured for a cell, the BSC needs to establish a downlink TBF for data
transmission when it receives a downlink LLC PDU without a downlink TBF from the SGSN.
If an MS is in idle mode, the BSC sends a downlink assignment message to the MS over the
CCCH. Figure 3-6 shows the procedure for establishing a downlink TBF on the CCCH.
Figure 3-6 Establishment of a downlink TBF on the CCCH

1.

After receiving a downlink LLC PDU from the SGSN, the BSC inserts the downlink LLC
PDU into the LLC PDU queue. The BSC then sends an Immediate Assignment message
to an MS over the CCCH to assign a channel to the MS. The message carries the TFI and
the start time of the TBF.

2.

During the downlink TBF establishment, if the BSC does not obtain the timing advance
(TA) value after sending an Immediate Assignment message, the BSC sends a Packet
Polling Request message with TFI over the PACCH that is used to carry the downlink TBF.
During an immediate assignment procedure, the MaxPollingRetryTimes
(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter determines the number of times the BSC resends the
Packet Polling Request message. The MS sends a Packet Control Ack message to the BSC.
The BSC then obtains the TA value from the Packet Control Ack message and sends a
Packet Power Control/Timing Advance message to notify the MS of the TA value.
The CTRLACKTYPE(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter determines the format of the
message used to obtain the TA. When CTRLACKTYPE(BSC6900,BSC6910) is set to
4BURST(4Burst), the BSC can obtain the TA without sending a Packet Polling Request
message. When CTRLACKTYPE(BSC6900,BSC6910) is set to RLC/MAC(RLC/
MAC), the BSC must send a Packet Polling Request message to obtain the TA value.

3.

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If the channel (indicated in the Immediate Assignment message) assigned to the MS does
not meet the multislot capability of the MS, the BSC initiates reassigning a downlink TBF
and sends a Packet Downlink Assignment message to assign several channels to a TBF.
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4.

3 Technical Description

After the downlink TBF is successfully established, the BSC starts to send data blocks. The
BSC disassembles the downlink LLC PDU into downlink RLC data blocks and then sends
them to the MS over the assigned downlink packet channel. The BSC sets S/P to 1 in the
downlink RLC data block header. The MS sends a Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message
in response to the received downlink RLC data blocks.

3.2.2 Establishment of a Downlink TBF on the PCCCH


The procedure for establishing a downlink TBF on the PCCCH is similar to that for establishing
a downlink TBF on the CCCH. The only difference is that the BSC sends the Packet Downlink
Assignment message over the PCCCH.

3.2.3 Establishment of a Downlink TBF on the PACCH


During uplink TBF transmission, an MS listens to the PDCH. If there is downlink data for
transmission, the BSC sends a Packet Downlink Assignment message on the PACCH. This
process is referred to as the establishment of a downlink TBF on the uplink. The
PACCHDlEstSw(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter determines whether a downlink TBF can be
established on the PACCH when the uplink TBF is waiting to be released.
After receiving the Packet Uplink Ack/Nack message (FAI = 1), the MS releases the uplink TBF
and starts to listen to the CCCH. In this case, if the MS receives the downlink assignment message
before being handed over to the CCCH, the MS fails to respond to the downlink assignment
message. Therefore, the BSC will not immediately establish a downlink TBF after sending the
Packet Uplink Ack/Nack message (FAI = 1) and receiving new data from the SGSN. That is, a
delay specified by the DLTBFESTDELAY(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is added for
establishing a downlink TBF. This way, the MS can listen to the CCCH and respond to the
downlink assignment message properly. This ensures successful downlink TBF establishment.
If the downlink TBF is released but the T3192 timer (specified by the T3192
(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter) does not expire, the MS listens to the PDCH. If there is
downlink data for transmission, the BSC sends a Packet Downlink Assignment message on the
PACCH. This process is referred to as the establishment of a downlink TBF on the downlink.

3.2.4 Establishment of a Downlink TBF on the Uplink


Figure 3-7 shows the procedure for establishing a downlink TBF on the uplink.
Figure 3-7 Establishment of a downlink TBF on the uplink

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The procedure is as follows: During uplink TBF transmission, the BSC receives a downlink LLC
PDU from the SGSN. The BSC then includes the TFI of the uplink TBF and sets S/P to 1 in a
Packet Downlink Assignment message sent to the MS over the PACCH. The downlink TBF is
therefore established, and the BSC starts to send RLC data blocks.

3.2.5 Establishment of a Downlink TBF on the Downlink


Figure 3-8 shows the procedure for establishing a downlink TBF on the downlink:
Figure 3-8 Establishment of a downlink TBF on the downlink

1.

During downlink TBF transmission, the BSC sends all the data blocks in the LLC PDU
queue to an MS. In the last downlink data block, the BSC sets both the final block indicator
(FBI) and the S/P to 1.

2.

The MS responds with a Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message with the FAI set to 1. The
BSC then sets the T3192(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter.
l If no PBCCH is configured for a cell, the BSC sends the system information SI13 and
PSI13 to inform the MS of this parameter's value.
l If the PBCCH is configured for a cell, the BSC sends the system information PSI1 and
PSI13 to inform the MS of this parameter's value.
The MS starts the T3192 timer, and the BSC automatically starts the T3193 timer. The
length of the T3193 timer is a little shorter than that of the T3192 timer.

3.

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If the previous downlink TBF on the BSC side has been released, the T3193 timer has not
expired, and the BSC needs to transmit downlink PS data, the BSC sends a Packet Downlink
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Assignment message with the previous TFI and the RRBP to the MS over the PACCH that
carries the previous downlink TBF. In response to the Packet Downlink Assignment
message, the MS sends a Packet Control Acknowledgement message on the uplink radio
block specified by the RRBP. A downlink TBF is therefore established, and the BSC sends
downlink data blocks to the MS and stops the T3193.

3.2.6 Early Establishment of a Downlink TBF


In the event of early establishment of a downlink TBF, the BSC does not wait for receiving
downlink LLC PDUs from the SGSN and establishes a downlink TBF on the uplink immediately
after an uplink TBF is established successfully. In RLC acknowledged mode, the BSS supports
early establishment of downlink TBFs. This function is controlled by the bAdvEstDlTbf
(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter.
After the early establishment of a downlink TBF is complete:
l

If the downlink data needs to be transmitted, the downlink data is transmitted over the TBF.
This shortens the delay in transmitting downlink services.

If no downlink data needs to be transmitted, the TBF is released after the period specified
by AdvEstDlTbfRelDelay(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter.

3.3 Release of a TBF


The causes for the release of a TBF are as follows:
l

There is no data for transmission on the uplink or downlink, and the release delay for nonextended uplink TBFs, inactive period of extended uplink TBFs, or release delay of
downlink TBFs is reached

The MS completes a location update and moves to another cell.

The cell no longer supports the GPRS/EGPRS function.

The cell is reinitialized.

The release of a TBF is classified into the release of an uplink TBF and the release of a downlink
TBF.
When both the uplink and downlink TBFs are released, the MS context release timer specified
by the MSContextLifeTime(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is started. Before the timer expires,
the MS context information is stored on the BSC for next service access. This decreases the
access delay and increases the user rate. If new PS services are connected before the MS context
release timer expires, the timer stops. The BSC clears all MS context information after the timer
expires.
There are two modes for releasing an uplink TBF: non-extended uplink TBF mode and extended
uplink TBF mode.
l

Non-extended uplink TBF mode: When the protocol version supported by an MS is R99
or earlier, the MS controls the release of an uplink TBF in either of the following situations:
The MS does not include the RAC in the uplink TBF.
The MS includes the RAC in the uplink TBF but the RAC is unknown to the BSC.

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Extended uplink TBF mode: When the protocol version supported by an MS is R4 or later,
the BSC controls the release of an uplink TBF if the MS includes the RAC in the uplink
TBF and the RAC is known to the BSC.

To prevent abnormal seizures and release failures of BSC resources, the ForceRelTbfDuration
(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is used o determine the forced TBF release duration. If no
uplink or downlink LLC PDUs are transmitted over a TBF, the BSC forcibly release the TBF.
If the PDCHDWNLEV(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is set to a value greater than 80, set the
ForceRelTbfDuration(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter to a value greater than 6. With this
parameter setting, the downlink TBF that has not being scheduled will not be forcibly released.
Timer T3191(BSC6900,BSC6910) is started when the last data block over the downlink TBF
is sent and the FBI in the data block is set to 1. After T3191 expires, the BSC releases all resources
occupied by the TBF. For details about T3191, see 3GPP TS 44.060.

3.3.1 Release of a Non-extended Uplink TBF


Figure 3-9 shows the procedure for releasing a non-extended uplink TBF.
Figure 3-9 Release of a non-extended uplink TBF

1.

The release of a non-extended uplink TBF is initiated by an MS. During uplink TBF
transmission, the MS sets the CV to 0 in the last uplink data block.

2.

If the BSC receives all the uplink data blocks, it sends a Packet Uplink Ack/Nack message
in which the FAI and the S/P are set to 1 to the MS. If the BSC does not receive all the
uplink data blocks, it sends a Packet Uplink Ack/Nack message with the FAI set to 0 to the
MS, instructing the MS to retransmit the data blocks that are not received.

3.

If the MS receives the Packet Uplink Ack/Nack message in which the FAI and the S/P are
set to 1, it responds with a Packet Control Ack message. The uplink TBF is therefore
released normally.

A monitoring mechanism is required to ensure that the uplink TBF on the BSC side can be
released even if the Packet Control Ack message is lost.
1.

After the BSC correctly receives all downlink data blocks, the BSC sends a Packet Uplink
Ack/Nack message in which the FAI and the S/P are set to 1 to the MS. At the same time,
the BSC starts the N3103 counter, whose maximum value is specified by the N3103
(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter. After receiving a Packet Control Ack message from the
MS, the BSC resets the N3103 counter to 0.

2.

If the BSC does not receive a correct Packet Control Ack message in the corresponding
uplink data block, the N3103 counter is increased by 1.

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3.

If the N3103 counter reaches its maximum value, the BSC automatically starts the internal
timer T3169.

4.

After the T3169 timer expires, the BSC releases the TBF. The corresponding resources can
then be reused.

If an MS does not support an extended uplink TBF and the BSC has received the last uplink
RLC data block with CA set to 0, the BSC sends a Packet Uplink Ack/Nack message with the
FAI set to 1 to the MS, instructing the MS to release the extended uplink TBF. The release of
the non-extended uplink TBF is delayed. The release delay is specified by the
UPTBFRELDELAY(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter. If the BSC needs to establish a downlink
TBF during the delay period, the downlink TBF can be established on the uplink TBF that is not
released. This reduces the time required by the downlink TBF establishment. After the downlink
TBF is successfully established, this uplink TBF is automatically released. If the BSC does not
need to establish a downlink TBF during the delay period, the MS releases this uplink TBF after
the delay period ends.

3.3.2 Release of an Extended Uplink TBF


In the release of an extended uplink TBF, the BSC takes over the release of the uplink TBF from
the MS. The transmission of an extended uplink TBF has two phases:
l

Active period: If an MS has data to transmit, the TBF enters the active period.

Inactive period: If an MS has no data to transmit, the TBF enters the inactive period.

After transmitting the uplink data, an MS retains the uplink TBF for a period of time. During
this period, the MS can directly transmit uplink data (if any) without reestablishing the uplink
TBF. Therefore, the overhead of uplink TBF reestablishment is reduced and the transmission
delay of uplink data is shortened. This significantly improves key performance indicators (KPIs)
of the network, especially when discontinuous transmission (such as interactive transmission
and ping) lasts for a long time on the uplink. For example, the ping delay can be shortened by
300 ms. In addition, downlink TBFs can be established using the uplink TBF in the inactive
period.
Figure 3-10 shows the procedure for releasing an extended uplink TBF.

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Figure 3-10 Release of an extended uplink TBF

1.

After receiving the last uplink RLC data block with CV set to 0, the BSC does not
immediately release the extended uplink TBF. Instead, the BSC sends a Packet Uplink Ack/
Nack message with the FAI set to 0. The TBF then enters the inactive period and the BSC
starts the inactive period timer. The length of the timer is specified by the
UPEXTTBFINACTDELAY(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter. The BSC continues to
allocate uplink resources to the MS until the inactive period timer expires. Uplink resources
are used for the MS to transfer control blocks.

2.

If there are uplink RLC data blocks to transmit during the inactive period, the MS can
directly use the uplink TBF that enters the inactive period without establishing a new uplink
TBF. The uplink TBF used by the MS automatically enters the active period. If there are
no uplink RLC data blocks to transmit, the MS sends a Packet Uplink Dummy Block
message to the BSC.

3.

When the inactive period ends and there are no uplink RLC data blocks to transmit, the
BSC sends a Packet Uplink Ack/Nack message with the FAI set to 1 to the MS, instructing
the MS to release this uplink TBF. After receiving this message, the MS sends a Packet
Control Ack message to the BSC. The uplink TBF is then released normally.

3.3.3 Release of a Downlink TBF


Figure 3-11 shows the procedure for releasing a downlink TBF.

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Figure 3-11 Release of a downlink TBF

1.

During downlink TBF transmission, the BSC sends all the data blocks in the LLC PDU
queue to an MS. In the last downlink data block, the BSC sets both the FBI and the S/P to
1.

2.

If an MS correctly receives all the downlink data blocks, it sends a Packet Downlink Ack/
Nack message with the FAI set to 1 to the BSC. Otherwise, the MS sends the BSC a Packet
Downlink Ack/Nack message with the FAI set to 0, requesting the BSC to retransmit the
data blocks that are not received.

3.

After receiving the Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message with the FAI set to 1, the BSC
releases the downlink TBF normally.

A monitoring mechanism is required to ensure that the downlink TBF can be released even if
the Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message is lost.
1.

Each time the BSC sets S/P to 1 in the downlink TBF data blocks, the BSC starts the N3105
counter, whose maximum value is specified by the N3105 parameter. If the BSC correctly
receives a Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message from the MS, the BSC resets the N3105
counter to 0.

2.

If the BSC does not correctly receive a Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message from the MS,
the N3105 counter is increased by 1.

3.

If the N3105 counter reaches its maximum value (N3105_max), the BSC automatically
starts the internal T3195 timer.

4.

After the T3195 timer expires, the downlink TBF is abnormally released.

3.4 Uplink Data Transmission


The BSC can allocate multiple PDCHs to one MS and multiple MSs can share one PDCH.
However, the radio blocks of only one MS can be transmitted on each PDCH within a radio
block period. An MS schedules radio blocks based on the USF. The MS knows which PDCH
and which radio block of this PDCH are used for transmitting data. Therefore, multiple MSs can
share one uplink channel. If one PDCH is shared by multiple TBFs, the TBFs are scheduled on
the basis of their QoS capabilities.
USF allocation has two modes: dynamic allocation mode and extended dynamic allocation
mode.
When an MS can transmit uplink blocks in extended dynamic allocation mode, the MS does not
need to listen to the subsequently allocated channels. Therefore, the MS can use more uplink
channels than in dynamic allocation mode. Extended dynamic allocation mode helps increase
the uplink data transmission rate and facilitates the transmission of services with a large data
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flow on the uplink. This improves user satisfaction. Extended dynamic allocation mode requires
the support from the MS. The RAC reported by an MS indicates whether the MS supports the
GPRS or EGPRS extended dynamic allocation mode.
The MS starts timer T3198 after sending an RLC data block, and sets the RLC data block status
to Unacknowledged after the timer expires. When this happens, the BSC resends the RLC data
block. By default, timer T3198 is set to the total transmission duration of N RLC data blocks (N
is specified by BS_CV_MAX). BS_CV_MAX is used by the MS to calculate the CV and is
specified by the BSCVMAX(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter. The BSC sends the value of timer
T3198 to the MS in SI.

3.4.1 Dynamic Allocation Mode


In dynamic allocation mode, an MS determines which radio blocks are to be allocated to a PDCH
based on the USF.
The radio blocks used by an MS are temporarily allocated by the BSC. The BSC includes the
number of PDCHs allocated to the MS and the value of the USF corresponding to each PDCH
in the assignment uplink resource message or reassignment uplink resource message. After
receiving this message, the MS starts to listen to the USF value in the downlink radio block
header of the allocated channel. If this value is equal to the assigned USF value, the MS is allowed
to use the uplink channel. The MS then transmits data blocks on this channel in the next radio
block period.
USF is classified into reserved USF and free USF.
The reserved USF is a USF value that is not assigned to a GPRS- or EGPRS-capable MS. It is
used to prevent more than one GPRS- or EGPRS-capable MS from transmitting data on the same
PDCH. By default, the reserved USF value is 7. The BSC informs a GPRS- or EGPRS-capable
MS that one or more uplink radio blocks have been reserved for it on a particular PDCH. The
GPRS- or EGPRS-capable MS may have an uplink or downlink TBF, or no TBF at all. When
the radio block period ends, the BSC notifies the MS of the reserved USF. Only the MS to which
this radio block has been assigned is allowed to transmit data.
l

The reserved USF is used in the following scenarios:


The packet channel request is in the second phase of two-phase access.
If a downlink RLC/MAC control block contains a valid RRBP field, the MS uses its
reserved radio blocks to send a single control message.
If the USF granularity is 4, the MS uses its three reserved blocks to send RLC/MAC
data blocks or control messages.

The free USF is used on the PRACH in the next uplink block period. The PRACH is used
during the first phase of an establishment procedure. All MSs are allowed to transmit a
packet channel request on the PRACH.

A monitoring mechanism is required to ensure that the uplink TBF can be released.
1.

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After starting to assign a USF to the uplink TBF (that is, the uplink TBF is successfully
established), the BSC starts the N3101 counter to check whether the uplink data is received.
The maximum value of this counter is specified by the N3101(BSC6900,BSC6910)
parameter.

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2.

If the BSC receives valid uplink data blocks on the block resources reserved for the MS,
the N3101 counter resets. Otherwise, the value of the N3101 counter is incremented by
one.

3.

If the N3101 counter reaches its maximum value N3101_max, the TBF is abnormally
released.

3.4.2 Extended Dynamic Allocation Mode


In extended dynamic allocation mode, an MS determines which blocks are to be allocated to
multiple PDCHs based on the USF. The resource assignment mechanism in extended dynamic
allocation mode is the same as that in dynamic allocation mode. The number of channels used
on the uplink is greater than the number of channels used on the downlink. After receiving the
USF value of a channel, the MS transfers data on this channel and on other channels whose
channel number is greater than the number of this channel.
For a downlink TBF, if the USF granularity is 4 and the USF value of timeslot 3 that is assigned
to this TBF is 5, timeslots 3 to 6 are assigned to the downlink TBF in the next uplink period, as
described in Table 3-1. All four timeslots might not be assigned to this TBF each time. If a
timeslot is assigned to this TBF, however, the subsequent timeslots are assigned to this TBF.
Table 3-1 Extended dynamic allocation mode
PDCH

Timeslot 3

Timeslot 4

Timeslot 5

Timeslot 6

Downlink

USF = 5

USF = 7

USF = 7

USF = 7

Uplink

NOTE

The symbol indicates that this timeslot is occupied.

All assignment-related messages contain a list of assigned PDCHs and the corresponding USF
value of each PDCH. If the assigned resources do not allow an MS to listen to the USF values
of all the assigned PDCHs, the MS listens to USF values according to the following principles:
In a block period for data transfer, the MS obtains the USFs of all the timeslots from the timeslot
to which the MS listens to the current timeslot. For example, if the USF in timeslot 3 to which
the MS listens is consistent with the locally stored USF, the MS can transfer data in timeslots 3
to 6. If the USF in timeslot 5 to which the MS listens is consistent with the locally stored USF,
the MS can transfer data in timeslots 5 to 7.
If the PDCHs on which EGPRS and GPRS services are multiplexed use the USF granularity 4,
the downlink traffic volume of the EGPRS TBF increases. A GPRS-capable MS and an EGPRScapable MS use the same PDCH. Therefore, the EGPRS-capable MS uses on the downlink the
radio blocks with the GPRS coding scheme but cannot use the radio blocks with the EGPRS
coding scheme. After receiving a downlink radio block, the MS triggers the transmission of
uplink radio blocks. The EGPRS-capable MS obtains its own USF value from the header of the
downlink radio block.
l

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If the USF granularity is 4, uplink data is transmitted on the PDCH in the next four radio
block periods.
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If the USF granularity is 1, uplink data is transmitted on the PDCH in the next radio block
period.

If the USF granularity is 1 and the EGPRS-capable MS needs to transfer one more uplink radio
block, the BSC must send one more downlink radio block with the Gaussian minimum shiftfrequency keying (GMSK) coding scheme to trigger the transmission. Therefore, the downlink
EGPRS bandwidth is adversely affected. If the USF granularity is 4, one downlink radio block
triggers four uplink radio blocks. Therefore, fewer downlink radio blocks with the GMSK coding
scheme are required and the downlink EGPRS bandwidth is negligibly affected.

3.4.3 Handling of LLC PDUs and RLC Data Blocks


An LLC PDU consists of one or more RLC data blocks. RLC data blocks received on each
PDCH contain a TFI to indicate which TBF they belong to. The blocks are numbered sequentially
to allow them to be reassembled into LLC PDUs.
When the UsrUlPduTBitValue(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is set to 0, the T bit in the QoS
Profile IE of the uplink LLC PDU is forcibly set to 0, indicating that the PDU contains signaling
information.

3.4.4 RLC Mode


There are two RLC modes: acknowledged mode and unacknowledged mode.
l

One-phase access
In 8-bit access, only acknowledged mode is used.
In 11-bit access, unacknowledged mode is used if the EGPRS Packet Channel Request
message carries the "One phase Access Request in RLC unacknowledged mode" IE;
Acknowledged mode is used if the message does not carry the "One phase Access
Request in RLC unacknowledged mode" IE.

The Channel Request Description IE carried in the Packet Resource Request and Packet
Downlink Ack/Nack messages from the MS indicates which RLC mode should be used by
the network.

The GPRS- or EGPRS-capable MS sends a Packet Channel Request message or an EGPRS


Packet Channel Request message to inform the BSC which RLC mode is used. One-phase access
is then complete.

3.4.4.1 RLC Acknowledged Mode


In RLC acknowledged mode, the BSC acknowledges the reception of all RLC data blocks. The
TBF can be released only when the MS acknowledges that all the data blocks are transmitted.
This is done to ensure that the transmission of RLC data blocks is reliable. If the BSC does not
acknowledge the reception of some RLC data blocks, the MS retransmits the lost data blocks.
After the MS receives all the acknowledgement messages from the BSC, the BSC releases the
uplink TBF.
If the MS does not receive an acknowledgement message, SI is set to 1 in the uplink RLC/MAC
block after the sliding window stops. After receiving the uplink RLC/MAC block with SI set to
1, the BSC retransmits the Packet Uplink Ack/Nack message. The interval between transmitting
Packet Uplink Ack/Nack messages with SI set to 1 in the uplink block is shorter than the interval
of transmitting Packet Uplink Ack/Nack message in common cases.
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3 Technical Description

3.4.4.2 RLC Unacknowledged Mode


In RLC unacknowledged mode, the BSC also acknowledges the reception of all RLC data blocks,
but the MS does not need to process the acknowledgement messages. In addition, the transmitted
data blocks do not need to be acknowledged by the BSC. The TBF can be released immediately
after the data transmission is complete.
The BSC still periodically sends Packet Uplink Ack/Nack messages to the MS to inform the MS
that the network is still receiving data.

3.4.5 Uplink Access Congestion Control


If too many MSs in the cell request GPRS resources at the same time, the resources may be
insufficient and uplink congestion may occur.
Uplink flow control is performed to control the service requests (including the responses to
paging) initiated by the MS. The random access volume on the PRACH or RACH is controlled
to control uplink service requests. Flow control may affect the response speed and QoS of the
system but it helps increase system capacity.

3.5 Downlink Data Transmission


After a downlink TBF is established, the BSC selects the optimal coding scheme based on the
radio environment and disassembles the received LLC PDUs into RLC data blocks. The RLC
data blocks and RLC/MAC control blocks are then scheduled at the right time to the MS.
The RLC data blocks and RLC/MAC control blocks are ranked by priority. For radio blocks on
the same channel, the radio block with the highest priority is preferentially transmitted. An RLC/
MAC control block has a higher priority than an RLC data block. If two or more TBFs share
one PDCH, scheduling is based on their QoS profiles.

3.5.1 Scheduling of Downlink Radio Blocks


Each downlink TBF can be assigned one or more PDCHs, and multiple downlink TBFs can
share one PDCH.
Each downlink TBF has a radio block queue, which is used to transmit radio blocks to an MS.
An RLC/MAC control block has a higher priority than an RLC data block. Radio blocks are
transmitted on all the PDCHs that are assigned to the MS. In RLC acknowledged mode, a radio
block that is not acknowledged by the MS is retransmitted or a new radio block is generated.

3.5.1.1 Handling for Downlink Radio Block Scheduling


Each MS is assigned one or more PDCHs. The logical channels carried on each PDCH consist
of the PACCH and PDTCH. The next radio block is scheduled immediately after one radio block
is transmitted.
When the DlFirstBlkPolling(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is set to ON(ON), the RRBP field
is set to 1 in the first scheduling data block over the downlink EGPRS TBF. The RRBP
information instructs the MS to send the Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message in the reserved
data block for fast acknowledgement. This improves the downlink transmission efficiency.
When the StallNackBlkPolling(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is set to ON(ON) and the
downlink EGPRS TBF is pending, the RRBP field is set to 1 in the NACK data block sent over
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the downlink TBF. The MS then sends the Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message in the next
uplink scheduling data block to the BSC for fast acknowledgement. This improves the downlink
transmission efficiency.
When the SptDlTbfSchedOptimize(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is set to YES(YES) and the
downlink PDCH is idle, the BSC can actively retransmit PACK data blocks. This improves the
downlink data transmission efficiency in poor radio environment. When the radio environment
is good, this parameter setting increases the TRX power consumption and the network
interference.

3.5.1.2 Handling for No Radio Block Scheduling


If no downlink data is to be transmitted, the BSC sends a Packet Downlink Dummy Block
message, which carries the USF of the MS. Therefore, uplink scheduling can be performed.

3.5.2 Handling of LLC PDUs and RLC Data Blocks


DL-UnitData messages are sent from the SGSN to the BSC over the Gb interface. Each DLUnitData message contains an LLC PDU and the control information required for transmitting
the LLC PDU on the Um interface. In a TBF, an LLC PDU containing user signaling has a higher
priority than an LLC PDU containing user data. When the GPRS/EGPRS QoS feature is enabled,
LLC PDUs are queued by priority.
The LLC PDUs are disassembled into RLC data blocks and then scheduled. For EGPRS services,
a radio block contains one or two RLC data blocks, depending on the modulation and coding
scheme (MCS) used.
l

For MCS-1 to MCS-6, a radio block contains one RLC data block.

For MCS-7 to MCS-9, a radio block contains two RLC data blocks.

If a downlink TBF is in transfer mode and the LLC PDU queue of this TBF has downlink data,
the downlink data is sent to the MS. If a downlink TBF is not in transfer mode, the downlink
data is not sent to the MS.
When the SupRAStatus(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter is set to ON(ON), the BSC sends a
notification message to the SGSN when the radio environment deteriorates or a cell reselection
occurs. The SGSN suspends or stops transmitting LLC PDU packets according to the received
message.
The LLC PDU order specified by N(U) may be broken if the transmission delay over the Gb
interface is different or the packet loss rate is high. When this happens, setting the
LLCPDUReorder(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter to ON(ON) to reorder the LLC PDUs that
are discontinuously received by the BSC. This decreases the retransmission rate of downlink
LLC PDUs. In addition, configure the time for waiting for the lagged LLC PDUs using the
LLCPDUReorderTime(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter. This parameter must be configured
based on the jitter delay on the Gb transmission network.

3.5.3 RLC Mode


The RLC mode of a downlink TBF is determined by the QoS attribute of the downlink LLC
PDU. Each DL-UnitData message indicates which RLC mode should be used for data
transmission.
After sending a certain number of RLC data blocks to a GPRS- or EGPRS-capable MS, the BSC
sets the S/P to 1 in the next radio block to be sent.
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There are two RLC modes: acknowledged mode and unacknowledged mode.

3.5.3.1 Acknowledged Mode


In acknowledged mode, the MS responds with a Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message to
acknowledge the received data message with S/P set to 1. The Packet Downlink Ack/Nack
message contains a positive or negative acknowledgement for a specified range of RLC data
blocks. The RLC data blocks that are negatively acknowledged are rescheduled for downlink
transmission. If a radio block contains two RLC data blocks and only one of them is positively
acknowledged, only the negatively acknowledged RLC data block is retransmitted.

3.5.3.2 Unacknowledged Mode


In unacknowledged mode, no data is retransmitted. However, there is an exception: The final
radio block in a downlink TBF is retransmitted a specified number of times if the BSC does not
receive any downlink acknowledgement messages from the MS. This ensures that the MS is
aware that the downlink data transmission is complete.

3.5.4 Downlink Flow Control


Because the physical media and transmission protocols on the Gb interface are different from
those on the Um interface, the data transmission rate on the Gb interface is greater than that on
the Um interface. In addition, during downlink data transmission, the data transmission rate on
the Um interface is subject to various factors, such as the MS multislot capability, radio quality,
and number of available radio channels in a cell. Therefore, the data transmission rate is unstable
and flow control on downlink data is required.
The BSC checks data validity when forwarding downlink LLC PDUs. If the capacity of queued
LLC PDUs exceeds half of the queue capacity, the BSC performs flow control and sends flow
control messages over the Gb interface. The flow control procedure then starts as long as the
cell is working properly. The BSC regularly reports the bucket size and bucket flow rate of the
cell to the SGSN based on the radio packet channels in the cell. In addition, the BSC reports the
bucket sizes and bucket flow rates of the MSs based on the amount of radio resources occupied
by the MSs. The SGSN adjusts the downlink data flow rate of the cell and MSs in real time based
on the bucket sizes and bucket flow rates of the cell and the MSs, respectively, to control the
downlink data.
NOTE

The bucket size of a cell refers to the maximum storage space that the BSC reserves for the cell to store
packet data. The bucket size varies depending on the number of packet channels in the cell.
The bucket size of an MS refers to the maximum storage space that the BSC reserves for the MS to store
packet data. The bucket size varies depending on the number of channels allocated to the MS.
The bucket flow rate refers to the data transmission rate.

Downlink flow control consists of downlink BVC flow control and downlink MS flow control.
l

Downlink BVC flow control


The BSC reports to the SGSN the flow control parameters, such as the maximum bucket
size and the leak rate of the BSSGP virtual connection (BVC). According to the settings
of the flow control parameters, the SGSN performs flow control to prevent frequent data
losses caused by congestion and transmission interruption caused by insufficient
bandwidth. The BSC sends the SGSN a FLOW-CONTROL-BVC message, indicating that

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the cell is ready to receive downlink LLC PDUs. This message carries the buffer size and
data flow rate, which are set high enough to accommodate the maximum GPRS traffic
volume in the cell.
l

Downlink MS flow control


The BSC reports to the SGSN the flow control parameters, such as the maximum bucket
size and the leak rate of the MS. According to the settings of the flow control parameters,
the SGSN performs flow control to prevent frequent data losses caused by congestion and
transmission interruption caused by insufficient bandwidth. The BSC sends the SGSN a
FLOW-CONTROL-BVC message, which contains the default flow control parameters for
any MS that enters the cell. The SGSN then receives from the MS an MS-FLOWCONTROL message, which is sent at the beginning of TBF establishment and contains the
power control parameters for the MS. The SGSN then performs flow control on each MS
based on these parameters. The buffer size and leak rate depend on the multislot capability
of the MS and whether the TBF is using GPRS or EGPRS. If the buffer usage or
transmission rate changes during the lifetime of the TBF, additional messages can be sent
to change the flow control parameters.

3.5.5 LLC PDU Lifetime Supervision


Each DL-UnitData message contains an LLC PDU lifetime timer, which specifies how long
each LLC PDU is queued on the BSC side. The BSC checks how long each LLC PDU has been
queued before disassembling it into RLC data blocks. If the lifetime of an LLC PDU has expired,
it is discarded. At the same time, the BSC sends an LLC-Discarded message to the SGSN.
Discarding LLC PDUs is delayed to reduce the negative impacts of temporary transmission
interruptions in the downlink at the RLC layer. Temporary transmission interruptions at the RLC
layer may be caused by:
l

Preemption of PDCHs

TBF establishment failures

Intra-cell handovers in dual transfer mode (DTM) connection

Cell reselection in SGSN during packet transfer

Completion of non-enhanced circuit services by MS in DTM connection

When a downlink TBF is released abnormally or a downlink TBF is not successfully established,
the LLC PDUs are stored in the downlink buffer for a period of time. After that, if the downlink
TBF is successfully established and the LLC PDUs in the buffer are not discarded, data
transmission continues. End users are therefore unlikely to perceive temporary interruptions. If
the LLC PDU lifetime expires and the downlink TBF is not successfully established, the
remaining LLC PDUs in the buffer are discarded. At the same time, the BSC sends an LLCDiscarded message to the SGSN.

3.5.6 Flush LL Procedure


If an MS processing downlink services moves to a new cell, the SGSN sends a Flush LL message
to the BSC. This message indicates whether all queued LLC PDUs should be discarded or
transferred to the new cell.
l

If the BSC discards all the queued LLC PDUs, the downlink TBF is released. The BSC
sends the SGSN a Flush LL Ack message, indicating how many LLC PDUs were discarded.

If the BSC transfers the queued LLC PDUs to the new cell, the LLC PDUs whose lifetime
has expired are discarded and other LLC PDUs are transferred to the new cell. The BSC

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Parameter Description

3 Technical Description

then sends the SGSN a Flush LL Ack message, indicating how many LLC PDUs were
transferred or discarded. The old TBF is released and a new TBF is established in the new
cell.

3.5.7 GPRS Fast Transmission


The DlGprsTbfExpandOp(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter specifies the size of the RLC
window. This parameter is configurable and its setting exceeds the original restriction of 64.
When the size of the RLC window reaches 64 and the BSC sends all NACK blocks, the BSC
continues to send new data blocks until the size of the RLC window reaches the value specified
by the DlGprsTbfExpandOp(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter.
If a PACKET DOWNLINK Ack message from an MS to the BSC indicates that the MS has not
received the first NACK block from the BSC, the receiver window of the MS has not slid and
the data blocks sent beyond 64 are invalid. When this occurs, the BSC rolls back the RLC
window. If a PACKET DOWNLINK Ack message from an MS to the BSC indicates that the
MS has received the first NACK block from the BSC, the receiver window of the MS has slid
and the data blocks sent beyond 64 are valid. When this occurs, the sender window continues
sliding.
With improved MS multislot capability, more and more channels can be allocated to an MS. In
a loopback delay, the BSC can send more than 64 data blocks to an MS. If packet loss occurs,
the RLC window of 64 is likely to stop sliding. To prevent the sliding window from stopping
sliding, the GPRS Fast Transmission feature is used. Enabling the feature increases the download
rate.

3.6 Reassignment of a TBF


A change in the current TBF causes TBF reassignment. Accordingly, the number of PDCHs
bound to this TBF changes. Reassignment of a TBF involves the reassignment of an uplink TBF,
the reassignment of a downlink TBF, and the reassignment of concurrent uplink and downlink
TBFs (referred to as a TS procedure).
Reassignment can better meet service requirements of users and optimize and adjust channel
resources. However, reassignment may cause call drops. In this situation, setting the
ReAssignResendSw(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter to ON(On) can add the number of
reassignment attempts to decrease the probability of call drops.

3.6.1 Reassignment of an Uplink TBF


If the BSC finds a TBF that meets the uplink reassignment condition, the BSC sends a Packet
Uplink Assignment message to the MS to assign additional PDCHs. The BSC does not expect
an acknowledgement message from the MS. After a period of time, the MS continues to transmit
data over the new PDCHs.

3.6.2 Reassignment of a Downlink TBF


If the BSC finds a TBF that meets the downlink reassignment condition, the BSC sends a Packet
Downlink Assignment message to the MS to assign additional PDCHs. The BSC does not expect
an acknowledgement message from the MS. After a period of time, the BSC continues to transmit
data over the new PDCHs.
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3.6.3 Reassignment of Concurrent Uplink and Downlink TBFs (TS


Procedure)
In the TS procedure, the BSC sends a Packet Timeslot Reconfigure message to an MS to assign
concurrent uplink and downlink TBFs. This ensures load balancing.
If TBF establishment or release causes channel load imbalance, the MS is moved from channels
with high loads to channels with low loads. Therefore, load balancing is ensured and the data
rate per user increases. The TS procedure is used to adjust uplink and downlink channel
resources. The TS procedure is initiated to assign the maximum bandwidth resources for uplink
data transmission in one of the following situations:
l

The preferred service type is uplink service.

The bandwidth allocated to the uplink does not reach the maximum value.

The available bandwidth of the system is higher than or equal to the maximum bandwidth
required on the uplink.

The preceding situations also apply to the downlink.


1.

During channel allocation, the BSC preferentially allocates channels on a TRX with lower
load to ensure load balancing among TRXs.

2.

Within the BSC, an MS has uplink and downlink TBFs. The BSC triggers the TS procedure
to periodically adjust the channels occupied by the uplink and downlink TBFs. This is to
ensure the load balancing among channels. If a PDCH cannot provide sufficient radio
blocks for a TBF, the TBF is transferred to a more eligible PDCH. That is, an existing TBF
is moved from channels with high TBF load to channels with low TBF load. This does not
increase the load of a specific TBF but increases the total TBF load on the PDCHs.

3.

GPRS and EGPRS channels coexist in the system. If GPRS channels are overloaded, the
GPRS-capable MSs are assigned EGPRS channels. When the MSs release GPRS channels,
some GPRS-capable MSs are moved from EGPRS channels back to GPRS channels if the
load on GPRS channels decreases. This improves the channel usage and reduces the impact
on EGPRS service.

Figure 3-12 shows the procedure for reassigning concurrent uplink and downlink TBFs.
Figure 3-12 Reassignment of the concurrent uplink and downlink TBFs

The procedure is as follows: The BSC sends a Packet Timeslot Reconfigure message to the MS
to assign new PDCHs, new USFs, and new TFIs. After a period of time, the MS continues to
transmit data over the new PDCHs.

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3.7 Suspension and Resumption of a TBF


When a GPRS-attached class B MS establishes a circuit switched (CS) connection, the BSC
initiates the suspend procedure to suspend its GPRS/EGPRS services. Meanwhile, the BSC
informs the SGSN of the temporary suspension. When the CS connection is complete, the BSC
initiates the resume procedure. The resume procedure can be initiated only when the suspend
procedure is successful. If the resume procedure is not initiated or it fails, the MS performs a
routing area update procedure after the circuit switched connection is released. The purpose is
to inform the SGSN that the suspended GPRS services have resumed.

3.7.1 Suspension
To suspend GPRS services, the BSC sends a Suspend PDU message to the SGSN to suspend
the scheduling of the TBF. The TBF is then released. The SGSN responds with a Suspend-Ack
PDU or Suspend-Nack PDU message to the BSC.
l

If the BSC receives a Suspend-Ack PDU message, the suspend procedure is completed.

If the BSC receives a Suspend-Nack PDU message, the CS connection is released and the
suspend procedure is considered a failure.

3.7.2 Resumption
The BSC initiates the resume procedure when the CS connection is complete.
l

If the suspend procedure is completed and the call is released in the routing area in which
it was set up, the BSC sends a Resume PDU message to the SGSN.
If the SGSN responds with a Resume-Ack PDU message, the GPRS service is resumed.
If the SGSN responds with a Resume-Nack PDU message, the GPRS service fails to
be resumed.

If the call is released in a routing area different from the one in which it was set up, the
network cannot perform the resume procedure for the MS. The MS has to perform a routing
area update.

3.8 Enhancement of Extended Uplink TBF Function


This section describes the GBFD-119203 Extended Uplink TBF feature.

3.8.1 Early TBF Establishment


This section describes the GBFD-119503 Early TBF Establishment feature.
Early TBF establishment described in the 3GPP TS 44.060 protocol (Release 7) is an
enhancement of the Extended Uplink TBF feature. If the EarlyTBFEst(BSC6900,BSC6910)
parameter is set to ON(On) and the MS supports early TBF establishment, the TBF can be
allocated before the MS transmits data. This reduces the service access delay.
During two-phase access, the MS includes the EARLY_TBF_ESTABLISHMENT field in the
PACKET RESOURCE REQUEST message to request the BSC to establish a TBF in advance.
After the BSC establishes the TBF required by the MS, the BSC does not release the TBF even
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Parameter Description

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if the BSC does not receive any data block from the MS within a specified time. Therefore, if
the MS has data to transmit, it can directly send data on the TBF without initiating the TBF
establishment procedure. This reduces the service access delay.
If the uplink TBF needs to be established during the downlink packet transmission, the MS
includes the EARLY_TBF_ESTABLISHMENT field in the PACKET DOWNLINK Ack/Nack,
EGPRS PACKETDOWNLINK Ack/Nack, or EGPRS2 PACKET DOWNLINK Ack/Nack
message to notify the BSC of the early TBF establishment. After the BSC establishes the TBF,
the processing is the same as that described above.

3.8.2 Sending Dummy Control Block


Depending on the network setting, the BSC sends system information to notify an MS whether
to send dummy control blocks in the inactive period of extended uplink TBFs. This is an
enhancement of the extended uplink TBF feature, as described in 3GPP TS 44.060 (Release 6).
If an MS does not send dummy control blocks in the inactive period, the message flow on the
Um interface can be decreased. This therefore improves the performance of the MS and the BSC
and reduces the power consumption of the MS.
The BSC sends the system information PSI1, PSI13, or SI13 with the EXT_UTBF_NODATA
parameter to an MS, indicating whether the MS should send the PACKET UPLINK DUMMY
CONTROL BLOCK message.
The value of the EXT_UTBF_NODATA parameter depends on the setting of the cell-level
parameter EXTUTBFNODATA(BSC6900,BSC6910). If EXTUTBFNODATA
(BSC6900,BSC6910) is set to SEND(SEND), the MS sends the PACKET UPLINK DUMMY
CONTROL BLOCK message to the BSC when it has no other block to transmit. If
EXTUTBFNODATA(BSC6900,BSC6910) is set to NOTSEND(NOTSEND), the MS does not
send the PACKET UPLINK DUMMY CONTROL BLOCK message to the BSC when it has
no other block to transmit.

3.8.3 Controlling the Frequency of Sending Packet Uplink Ack/


Nack Messages
When an MS is performing download services, the BSC periodically sends TCP Ack messages,
which are short, on the uplink. After sending a specified number of TCP Ack messages, the BSC
sends a Packet Uplink Ack message to the MS. This decreases the number of overheads for
extended uplink TBFs and downlink signaling and increases the download rate. The
ULExternACKOpt(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter specifies the period for the BSC to send
Packet Uplink Ack messages when an MS that supports the Extended Uplink TBF feature is
performing download services.

3.9 Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency


This section describes the GBFD-119205 Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency feature.
With this feature, the BSC transmits downlink data with the RRBP field at different intervals
depending on whether an uplink TBF exists and whether the delayed release of downlink TBFs
is performed. This feature helps increases the speed of establishing an uplink TBF on the
downlink.
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If an uplink TBF exists, the BSC transmits the RRBP field at a long interval to increase the
uplink bandwidth.

If an uplink TBF does not exist or if the delayed release of downlink TBFs is performed at
a late stage, the BSC transmits the RRBP field at a long interval to increase the uplink
bandwidth.

If an uplink TBF does not exist or if the delayed release of downlink TBFs is performed at
an early stage, the BSC transmits the RRBP field at a short interval to accelerate the uplink
access.

3.9.1 Uplink TBF Existence and RRBP Transmission Interval


During downlink transmission, the BSC periodically sends downlink data blocks with the RRBP
field to an MS. The MS responds with a Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message to acknowledge
the reception of downlink data. When the MS has uplink data to transmit, the MS adds the
Channel Request IE to the Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message to initiate access. Therefore,
the MS access speed increases if the interval of transmitting the RRBP field is shortened.
Packet Downlink Ack/Nack messages occupy the uplink bandwidth. If an uplink TBF exists,
increasing the interval of transmitting the RRBP field can reduce the uplink overhead and
increase the uplink bandwidth.

3.9.2 Delayed Downlink TBF Release and RRBP Transmission


Interval
After transmitting the last downlink RLC data block, the BSC acknowledges the reception of
all the previously transmitted downlink data blocks but does not instruct the MS to release the
downlink TBF. Instead, the BSC determines that the last data block has not been received by
the MS. Therefore, the BSC periodically retransmits the last downlink RLC data block with the
RRBP field. After receiving the retransmitted data block, the MS responds with a Packet
Downlink Ack/Nack message in the corresponding uplink RLC radio block of the RRBP field
to ensure that the downlink TBF is maintained. The downlink TBF release delay is specified by
the DNTBFRELDELAY(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter. Therefore, when the MS has uplink
data to transmit, it immediately sends the BSC a Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message with the
Channel Request Description IE.
During the delayed release of a downlink TBF, the disassembled downlink RLC data blocks can
be transmitted in the downlink TBF as long as the BSC has downlink data to transmit.
After downlink data is transmitted, the MS generally has uplink data to transmit at the early
stage of the delayed downlink TBF release. At this time, the interval of transmitting the RRBP
field should be shortened. At the late stage of the delayed downlink TBF release, the interval of
transmitting the RRBP field should be increased because there may not be uplink data for
transmission.

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4 Related Features

Related Features

Table 4-1 Related features


Feature

Prerequisite
Feature

Mutually
Exclusive Feature

Impacted Feature

Packet Assignment
Taken Over by the
BTS

None

GBFD-119507 PS
Downlink DTX

GBFD-119201 11Bit EGPRS Access

Extended Uplink
TBF

l GBFD-114101
GPRS

None

None

l GBFD-114201
EGPRS

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Dynamically
Adjusting the RRBP
Frequency

None

None

None

Early TBF
Establishment

GBFD-119203
Extended Uplink
TBF

None

None

GPRS Fast
Transmission

GBFD-114101
GPRS

None

None

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5 Network Impact

Network Impact

5.1 Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS


5.1.1 System Capacity
None

5.1.2 Network Performance


It is recommended that this feature be enabled to shorten the attach delay and PDP activation
delay for EGPRS users when all the following conditions are met:
l

An external PCU is configured.

The Abis over TDM mode is used.

The cell traffic volume is not high.

It is recommended that this feature not be enabled in other scenarios.

5.2 Extended Uplink TBF


5.2.1 System Capacity
The Extended Uplink TBF feature decreases the maximum number of MSs allowed to access
the network.

5.2.2 Network Performance


The Extended Uplink TBF feature increases the probability of establishing downlink TBFs on
PACCHs and shortens the duration for establishing downlink TBFs. If an MS does not support
the Extended Uplink TBF feature, it can send data only on a newly established uplink TBF after
the current uplink TBF is fully released. This affects the overall transmission performance. A
smaller value of the UPEXTTBFINACTDELAY(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter indicates a
lower probability that downlink TBFs are established on the PACCH. In this case, downlink
TBFs must be established on the CCCH, requiring longer establishment duration.
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5 Network Impact

5.3 Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency


5.3.1 System Capacity
None

5.3.2 Network Performance


The Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency feature brings the following gains:
l

Saves the uplink bandwidth.

Shortens the delay in establishing an uplink TBF when a downlink TBF has been allocated
to an MS in the ready state.

The gains brought by the Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency feature are large when
the Extended Uplink TBF feature is not enabled and downlink-preferred services are processed.

5.4 Early TBF Establishment


5.4.1 System Capacity
None

5.4.2 Network Performance


The Early TBF Establishment feature shortens the duration for an MS to access the network but
deteriorates the usage of uplink resources.

5.5 GPRS Fast Transmission


5.5.1 System Capacity
None

5.5.2 Network Performance


The GPRS Fast Transmission feature increases the GPRS FTP download rate by approximately
15% for GPRS-capable MSs. FTP is short for File Transfer Protocol.

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

6 Engineering Guidelines

Engineering Guidelines

6.1 When to Use GPRS/EGPRS Connection Control and


Transfer
6.1.1 Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS
None

6.1.2 Extended Uplink TBF


It is recommended that the Extended Uplink TBF feature be used when no congestion occurs.

6.1.3 Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency


None

6.1.4 Early TBF Establishment


It is recommended that the Early TBF Establishment feature be used when the number of MSs
that support this feature accounts for a large portion.

6.1.5 GPRS Fast Transmission


It is recommended that the GPRS Fast Transmission feature be used when EGPRS-capable MSs
account for a small portion.

6.2 Required Information


6.2.1 Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS
None
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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

6 Engineering Guidelines

6.2.2 Extended Uplink TBF


Before deploying the Extended Uplink TBF feature, check whether MSs that support this feature
account for a large portion of all MSs. Enable this feature when MSs that support this feature
are available on the live network.

6.2.3 Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency


None

6.2.4 Early TBF Establishment


Before deploying the Early TBF Establishment feature, check whether MSs that support this
feature account for a large portion of all MSs. Enable this feature only when MSs that support
this feature are available on the live network.

6.2.5 GPRS Fast Transmission


Before deploying the GPRS Fast Transmission feature, check whether EGPRS-capable MSs
account for a large portion of all MSs. If all MSs are EGPRS-capable MSs, do not deploy this
feature.

6.3 Planning
6.3.1 RF Planning
N/A

6.3.2 Network Planning


N/A

6.3.3 Hardware Planning


N/A

6.4 Deploying Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS


6.4.1 Deployment Requirements
Table 6-1 Deployment requirements

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Aspect

Requirement

Related features

See 4 Related Features.

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

6 Engineering Guidelines

Aspect

Requirement

BSC

l If an external PCU is required, an external PCU is installed.


l If a built-in PCU is required, the BSC is configured with PS service
processing boards and Gb interface boards.

BTS

The UBBP does not support this feature.

GSM networking

None

MS

None

MSC

None

License

None

Others

None

6.4.2 Activation
NOTE

The BSC6900 supports configuring the built-in and external PCUs, whereas the BSC6910 supports
configuring only the built-in PCU.

Immediate Assignment Taken Over by the BTS


If an external PCU is used, run the PCU CfgPara ADD allrppu
g_bCellSptImmAssDlShift 4 1 command on the PCU operation maintenance center
(OMC) to activate this feature. After the command is executed, reset the cell.

Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS:


If an external PCU is used, run the PCU CfgPara ADD allrppu
g_bCellSptPackAssDlShift 4 1 command on the PCU OMC to activate this feature. After
the command is executed, reset the cell.

Using MML Commands


If a built-in PCU is used, run the SET GCELLPSOTHERPARA command on the BSC LMT
with Move Immediate Assignment Down to BTS set to YES(Support) and Move Packet
Assignment Down to BTS set to YES(Support).

MML Command Examples


//Activating Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS (using a built-in PCU)
SET GCELLPSOTHERPARA: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=0, IMMASSDLSHIFT=YES,
PACKASSDLSHIFT=YES;

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

6 Engineering Guidelines

Using the CME


NOTE

When configuring the Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS feature on the CME, you must perform
a single configuration first, and then perform batch modifications if required.
You must perform a single configuration for a parameter before batch modifications of the parameter. You
are advised to perform batch modifications before logging out of the parameter setting interface.

Step 1 Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration)


Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence
described in Table 6-2. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see CME
Single Configuration Operation Guide.
Step 2 Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)
icon on the
To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the
CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method of
performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1 on the
wizard interface to obtain online help.
----End
Table 6-2 Configuring the parameter on the CME
SN

Managed
Object
(MO)

NE

Parameter
Name

Parameter
ID

Configura
ble in CME
Batch
Modificati
on Center

GCELLPSO
THERPAR
A

BSC6900/
BSC6910

Move
Immediate
Assignment
Down to
BTS

IMMASSD
LSHIFT

Yes

Move Packet
Assignment
Down to
BTS

PACKASSD
LSHIFT

NOTE
Configure
this MO
when a builtin PCU is
used.

6.4.3 Activation Observation


l

Immediate Assignment Taken Over by the BTS


Use an MS to initiate dial-up access and perform the ping service.
Expected result:
After the Immediate Assignment Taken Over by the BTS feature is enabled, the first ping
delay decreases. When an external PCU is used, this delay decreases by 30 ms to 50 ms,
depending on the transmission conditions on the Abis interface.

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

6 Engineering Guidelines

Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS


Use an MS to initiate dial-up access and perform the ping service.
Expected result:
After the Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS feature is enabled, the average ping
delay decreases. When an external PCU is used, this delay decreases by 30 ms to 50 ms,
depending on the transmission conditions on the Abis interface.

6.4.4 Deactivation
l

Immediate Assignment Taken Over by the BTS


If an external PCU is used, run the PCU CfgPara ADD allrppu
g_bCellSptImmAssDlShift 4 0 command on the PCU OMC to deactivate this feature.
After the command is executed, reset the cell.

Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS


If an external PCU is used, run the PCU CfgPara SET allrppu g_bCellSptPackAssDlShift
4 0 command on the PCU OMC to deactivate this feature. After the command is executed,
reset the cell.

Using MML Commands


If a built-in PCU is used, run the SET GCELLPSOTHERPARA command on the BSC LMT
with Move Immediate Assignment Down to BTS set to NO(Not Support) and Move Packet
Assignment Down to BTS set to NO(Not Support).

MML Command Examples


//Deactivating Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS (using a built-in PCU)
SET GCELLPSOTHERPARA: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=0, IMMASSDLSHIFT=NO,
PACKASSDLSHIFT=NO;

Using the CME


NOTE

When configuring the Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS feature on the CME, you must perform
a single configuration first, and then perform batch modifications if required.
You must perform a single configuration for a parameter before batch modifications of the parameter. You
are advised to perform batch modifications before logging out of the parameter setting interface.

Step 1 Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration)


Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence
described in Table 6-3. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see CME
Single Configuration Operation Guide.
Step 2 Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)
icon on the
To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the
CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method of
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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

6 Engineering Guidelines

performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1 on the
wizard interface to obtain online help.
----End
Table 6-3 Configuring the parameter on the CME
SN

MO

NE

Parameter
Name

Parameter
ID

Configura
ble in CME
Batch
Modificati
on Center

GCELLPSO
THERPAR
A

BSC6900/
BSC6910

Move
Immediate
Assignment
Down to
BTS

IMMASSD
LSHIFT

Yes

Move Packet
Assignment
Down to
BTS

PACKASSD
LSHIFT

NOTE
Configure
this MO
when a builtin PCU is
used.

6.5 Deploying Extended Uplink TBF


6.5.1 Deployment Requirements
Table 6-4 Deployment requirements
Aspect

Requirement

Related features

See 4 Related Features.

BSC

l If an external PCU is required, an external PCU is installed.


l If a built-in PCU is required, the BSC is configured with PS service
processing boards and Gb interface boards.

Issue 02 (2014-06-30)

BTS

None

GSM networking

None

MS

None

MSC

None

License

None

Others

None

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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

6 Engineering Guidelines

6.5.2 Activation
NOTE

The BSC6900 supports the networking mode with built-in PCUs or external PCUs. The BSC6910 supports
only the networking mode with built-in PCUs.

If an external PCU is used, run the PCU add privateoptpara command on the PCU OMC with
the inactive period of the extended uplink TBF set to a value greater than 0.

Using MML Commands


If a built-in PCU is used, run the SET GCELLPRIVATEOPTPARA command on the BSC
LMT with Inactive Period of Extended Uplink TBF set to a value greater than 0.
NOTE

Run the SET GCELLPSBASE command with Not Send Dummy Message with Extended Uplink
TBF set to NOTSEND(NOTSEND). This helps further reduce power consumption.

MML Command Examples


//Setting Inactive Period of Extended Uplink TBF to a value greater than 0
SET GCELLPRIVATEOPTPARA: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=0,
UPEXTTBFINACTDELAY=2000;
SET GCELLPSBASE: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=0, EXTUTBFNODATA=NOTSEND;

Using the CME


NOTE

When configuring the Extended Uplink TBF feature on the CME, you must perform a single configuration
first, and then perform batch modifications if required.
You must perform a single configuration for a parameter before batch modifications of the parameter. You
are advised to perform batch modifications before logging out of the parameter setting interface.

Step 1 Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration)


Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence
described in Table 6-5. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see CME
Single Configuration Operation Guide.
Step 2 Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)
icon on the
To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the
CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method of
performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1 on the
wizard interface to obtain online help.
----End

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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

6 Engineering Guidelines

Table 6-5 Configuring parameters on the CME


SN

MO

NE

Parameter
Name

Parameter
ID

Configura
ble in CME
Batch
Modificati
on Center

GCELLPRI
VATEOPTP
ARA

BSC6900/
BSC6910

Inactive
Period of
Extended
Uplink TBF

UPEXTTBF
INACTDEL
AY

Yes

BSC6900/
BSC6910

Not Send
Dummy
Message
with
Extended
Uplink TBF

EXTUTBFN
ODATA

NOTE
Configure
this MO
when a builtin PCU is
used.

GCELLPSB
ASE

6.5.3 Activation Observation


Step 1 On the BSC LMT, run the LST GCELLPRIVATEOPTPARA command to query the value
of Inactive Period of Extended Uplink TBF.
Step 2 Use an MS to perform a PS service.
Expected result: The uplink TBF is not released immediately after uplink data transmission is
complete. After the period specified by Inactive Period of Extended Uplink TBF is reached,
the uplink TBF is released normally.
----End

6.5.4 Deactivation
If an external PCU is used, run the PCU set privateoptpara command on the PCU OMC with
the inactive period of the extended uplink TBF set to 0.

Using MML Commands


If a built-in PCU is used, run the SET GCELLPRIVATEOPTPARA command on the BSC
LMT with Inactive Period of Extended Uplink TBF set to 0.

MML Command Examples


SET GCELLPRIVATEOPTPARA: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=0,
UPEXTTBFINACTDELAY=0;
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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

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Using the CME


NOTE

When configuring the Extended Uplink TBF feature on the CME, you must perform a single configuration
first, and then perform batch modifications if required.
You must perform a single configuration for a parameter before batch modifications of the parameter. You
are advised to perform batch modifications before logging out of the parameter setting interface.

Step 1 Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration)


Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence
described in Table 6-6. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see CME
Single Configuration Operation Guide.
Step 2 Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)
icon on the
To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the
CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method of
performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1 on the
wizard interface to obtain online help.
----End
Table 6-6 Configuring the parameter on the CME
SN

MO

NE

Parameter
Name

Parameter
ID

Configura
ble in CME
Batch
Modificati
on Center

GCELLPRI
VATEOPTP
ARA

BSC6900/
BSC6910

Inactive
Period of
Extended
Uplink TBF

UPEXTTBF
INACTDEL
AY

Yes

6.6 Deploying Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency


None

6.7 Deploying Early TBF Establishment

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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

6 Engineering Guidelines

6.7.1 Deployment Requirements


Table 6-7 Deployment requirements
Aspect

Requirement

Related
features

See 4 Related Features.

BSC

The BSC is configured with a built-in PCU, packet service processing boards,
and Gb interface boards.

BTS

None

GSM
networking

None

MS

MSs support the Early TBF Establishment feature.

MSC

None

License

The license controlling this feature has been activated. For details about how
to activate the license, see License Management Feature Parameter
Description. For details about license items, see License Control Item
Description.

Others

None

6.7.2 Activation
Using MML Commands
On the BSC LMT, run the SET GCELLPSBASE command with Early TBF Establishment
set to ON(ON).

MML Command Examples


SET GCELLPSBASE: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=0, EarlyTBFEst=ON;

Using the CME


NOTE

When configuring the GPRS Fast Transmission feature on the CME, you must perform a single
configuration first, and then perform batch modifications if required.
You must perform a single configuration for a parameter before batch modifications of the parameter. You
are advised to perform batch modifications before logging out of the parameter setting interface.

Step 1 Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration)

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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

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Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence
described in Table 6-8. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see CME
Single Configuration Operation Guide.
Step 2 Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)
To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the
icon on the
CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method of
performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1 on the
wizard interface to obtain online help.
----End
Table 6-8 Configuring the parameter on the CME
SN

MO

NE

Parameter Name

Parameter
ID

Supports
CME Batch
Modificati
on Center

GCELLPSB
ASE

BSC6900/
BSC6910

Early TBF
Establishment

EarlyTBFEs
t

Support

6.7.3 Activation Observation


Use an MS that support the Early TBF establishment feature to process the ping service, and
observe the service access delay before and after the Early TBF establishment feature is enabled.
With this feature, the MS can allocate a TBF before sending data and therefore the service access
delay decreases.

6.7.4 Deactivation
Using MML Commands
On the BSC LMT, run the SET GCELLPSBASE command with Early TBF Establishment
set to OFF(OFF).

MML Command Examples


SET GCELLPSBASE: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=0, EarlyTBFEst=OFF;

Using the CME


NOTE

When configuring the GPRS Fast Transmission feature on the CME, you must perform a single
configuration first, and then perform batch modifications if required.
You must perform a single configuration for a parameter before batch modifications of the parameter. You
are advised to perform batch modifications before logging out of the parameter setting interface.

Step 1 Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration)


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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

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Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence
described in Table 6-9. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see CME
Single Configuration Operation Guide.
Step 2 Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)
To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the
icon on the
CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method of
performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1 on the
wizard interface to obtain online help.
----End
Table 6-9 Configuring the parameter on the CME
SN

MO

NE

Parameter Name

Parameter
ID

Supports
CME Batch
Modificati
on Center

GCELLPSBA
SE

BSC6900/
BSC6910

Early TBF
Establishment

EarlyTBFEs
t

Support

6.8 Deploying GPRS Fast Transmission


6.8.1 Deployment Requirements
Table 6-10 Deployment requirements

Issue 02 (2014-06-30)

Aspect

Requirement

Related
features

See 4 Related Features.

BSC

The BSC is configured with PS service processing boards and Gb interface


boards.

BTS

None

GSM
networking

A built-in PCU is configured.

MS

None

MSC

None

License

The license controlling this feature has been activated. For details on how
to activate the license, see License Management Feature Parameter
Description. For details about license items, see License Control Item
Description.
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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Aspect

Requirement

Others

None

6 Engineering Guidelines

6.8.2 Activation
NOTE

The BSC6900 can be configured with a built-in or external PCU. The BSC6910 can be configured only
with a built-in PCU.

Using the LMT


On the BSC LMT, run the SET GCELLPSOTHERPARA command with Downlink GPRS
TBF Window Expansion Optimization set to a value greater than 64.

MML Examples
SET GCELLPSOTHERPARA: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=0, DlGprsTbfExpandOp=96;

Using the CME


NOTE

When configuring the GPRS Fast Transmission feature on the CME, you must perform a single
configuration first, and then perform batch modifications if required.
You must perform a single configuration for a parameter before batch modifications of the parameter. You
are advised to perform batch modifications before logging out of the parameter setting interface.

Step 1 Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration)


Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence
described in Table 6-11. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see CME
Single Configuration Operation Guide.
Step 2 Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)
icon on the
To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the
CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method of
performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1 on the
wizard interface to obtain online help.
----End

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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

6 Engineering Guidelines

Table 6-11 Configuring the parameter on the CME


SN

MO

NE

Parameter Name

Parameter
ID

Supports
CME Batch
Modificati
on Center

GCELLPSO
THERPAR
A

BSC6900/
BSC6910

Downlink GPRS TBF


Window Expansion
Optimization

DlGprsTbfE
xpandOp

Yes

6.8.3 Activation Observation


Perform the activation observation when the Um quality is poor. This is because block errors
on downlink TBFs will cause the wait-and-stop of the downlink GPRS RLC send window.
Step 1 On the BSC LMT, start a PS single-user tracing task.
Step 2 Use an MS to perform downlink GPRS PS services.
Step 3 Obtain the backward sequence number (BSN) of the first unreceived data block acknowledged
by the MS from the Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message.
The SSN and RECEIVE_BLOCK_BITMAP IEs in the Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message
jointly determine whether the MS has received each downlink data block and the BSN of the
block.RECEIVE_BLOCK_BITMAP is a 64-bit bitmap. The value 0 in the bitmap indicates that
the data block with the specified BSN has not been received. The BSN is calculated using the
following formula:
BSN = SSN (bit_num + 1)
For example, if the SSN value is 90 and the value of bit 32 in RECEIVE_BLOCK_BITMAP
corresponding to the first unreceived data block acknowledged by the MS is 0, the BSN of the
first unreceived data block acknowledged by the MS is 57 (90 33).
Step 4 Check the BSN of the latest data block to be sent by the BSC in the Downlink Data Block
message.
Step 5 Calculate the difference between the BSN of the latest data block to be sent and that of the first
unreceived data block acknowledged by the MS. The calculated difference is the size of the
downlink GPRS RLC send window.
Expected result: The size of the downlink GPRS RLC send window may be greater than 64 and
the maximum window size is specified by the Downlink GPRS TBF Window Expansion
Optimization parameter.
----End

6.8.4 Deactivation
Using the LMT
On the BSC, run the SET GCELLPSOTHERPARA command with Downlink GPRS TBF
Window Expansion Optimization set to a value less than or equal to 64.
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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

6 Engineering Guidelines

MML Examples
SET GCELLPSOTHERPARA: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=0, DlGprsTbfExpandOp=0;

Using the CME


NOTE

When configuring the GPRS Fast Transmission feature on the CME, you must perform a single
configuration first, and then perform batch modifications if required.
You must perform a single configuration for a parameter before batch modifications of the parameter. You
are advised to perform batch modifications before logging out of the parameter setting interface.

Step 1 Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration)


Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence
described in Table 6-12. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see CME
Single Configuration Operation Guide.
Step 2 Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)
To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the
icon on the
CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method of
performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1 on the
wizard interface to obtain online help.
----End
Table 6-12 Configuring the parameter on the CME
SN

MO

NE

Parameter Name

Parameter
ID

Supports
CME Batch
Modificati
on Center

GCELLPSOT
HERPARA

BSC6900/
BSC6910

Downlink GPRS
TBF Window
Expansion
Optimization

DlGprsTbfE
xpandOp

Yes

6.9 Performance Monitoring


6.9.1 Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS
Conduct a test on an EDGE-capable MS to view the change in the first ping delay when the 11Bit EGPRS Access feature is disabled and an external PCU is used.

6.9.2 Extended Uplink TBF


l

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Monitor the change in the number of uplink TBF establishments when the traffic volume
remains unchanged.
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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

6 Engineering Guidelines

Conduct a test on an MS to view the change in consecutive ping delays.

6.9.3 Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency


l

Monitor the change in the proportion of uplink RLC/MAC signaling blocks.

Conduct a test on an MS to view the change in consecutive ping delays when the Extended
Uplink TBF feature is disabled or not supported.
If the interval between two ping commands is longer than the delayed period for
releasing downlink TBFs, the ping delay prolongs.
If the interval between two ping commands is shorter than the delayed period for
releasing downlink TBFs and longer than 900 ms, the ping delay shortens.
If the interval between two ping commands is shorter than the delayed period for
releasing downlink TBFs and shorter than 900 ms, the ping delay further shortens.
Based on the signaling tracing result:
If an uplink TBF does not exist, a Packet Downlink Ack message is sent at an interval
of about 150 ms within 900 ms before the delayed release of a downlink TBF.
If an uplink TBF does not exist, a Packet Downlink Ack message is sent at an interval
of about 400 ms within 900 ms before the delayed release of a downlink TBF.
If an uplink TBF exists, a Packet Downlink Ack message is sent at an interval of 1000
ms when delayed release of a downlink TBF.

6.9.4 Early TBF Establishment


Monitor ping services initiated by MSs that support the Early TBF Establishment feature.

6.9.5 GPRS Fast Transmission


l

Monitor the average rate of a GPRS-capable MS.

Perform a drive test (DT) to monitor the download rate of a GPRS-capable MS.

6.10 Parameter Optimization


6.10.1 Packet Assignment Taken Over by the BTS
None

6.10.2 Extended Uplink TBF


If congestion occurs on the uplink, set the UPEXTTBFINACTDELAY(BSC6900,BSC6910)
parameter to a small value based on actual conditions. If congestion is relieved, set the
UPEXTTBFINACTDELAY(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter to a large value.

6.10.3 Dynamically Adjusting the RRBP Frequency


None
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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

6 Engineering Guidelines

6.10.4 Early TBF Establishment


None

6.10.5 GPRS Fast Transmission


If the GPRS retransmission rate is low, set the DlGprsTbfExpandOp(BSC6900,BSC6910)
parameter to a large value.

6.11 Troubleshooting
None

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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameters

Table 7-1 Parameter description


Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

bAdvEstDlTbf

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Wheth
er the early
downlink TBF
establishment is
allowed. Early
downlink TBF
establishment
indicates that the
downlink TBF is
established
immediately
after the uplink
TBF of the MS is
established
rather than after
the SGSN sends
a data block. If
this parameter is
set to
LOCALTLLI,
the early
downlink TBF
establishment is
allowed only for
MSs that use the
local TLLI to
process PS
services. If this
parameter is set
to ALLTLLI,
the early

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
downlink TBF
establishment is
allowed for all
MSs that
process PS
services. If this
parameter is set
to CLOSE, the
early downlink
TBF
establishment is
not allowed for
all MSs that
process PS
services.
GUI Value
Range:CLOSE
(Close),
LOCALTLLI
(Local TLLI
Opt), ALLTLLI
(All TLLI Opt)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:CLOSE,
LOCALTLLI,
ALLTLLI
Default
Value:ALLTLL
I(All TLLI Opt)

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

bAdvEstDlTbf

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Wheth
er the early
downlink TBF
establishment is
allowed. Early
downlink TBF
establishment
indicates that the
downlink TBF is
established
immediately
after the uplink
TBF of the MS is
established
rather than after
the SGSN sends
a data block. If
this parameter is
set to
LOCALTLLI,
the early
downlink TBF
establishment is
allowed only for
MSs that use the
local TLLI to
process PS
services. If this
parameter is set
to ALLTLLI,
the early
downlink TBF
establishment is
allowed for all
MSs that
process PS
services. If this
parameter is set
to CLOSE, the
early downlink
TBF
establishment is
not allowed for
all MSs that
process PS
services.

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
GUI Value
Range:CLOSE
(Close),
LOCALTLLI
(Local TLLI
Opt), ALLTLLI
(All TLLI Opt)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:CLOSE,
LOCALTLLI,
ALLTLLI
Default
Value:ALLTLL
I(All TLLI Opt)

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

AdvEstDlTbfR
elDelay

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-119408

PS Access
Congestion
Balancing

Meaning:Releas
e delay for
advanced
downlink TBF
establishment. If
the BSC fails to
receive data
blocks from the
SGSN before
the time
specified by this
parameter is
reached, the
BSC releases the
advanced
downlink TBF.
If this parameter
is set to 0, the
release delay for
advanced
downlink TBF
establishment
function is
disabled.
GUI Value
Range:0~12000
Unit:ms
Actual Value
Range:0~12000
Default Value:
2400

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

AdvEstDlTbfR
elDelay

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-119408

PS Access
Congestion
Balancing

Meaning:Releas
e delay for
advanced
downlink TBF
establishment. If
the BSC fails to
receive data
blocks from the
SGSN before
the time
specified by this
parameter is
reached, the
BSC releases the
advanced
downlink TBF.
If this parameter
is set to 0, the
release delay for
advanced
downlink TBF
establishment
function is
disabled.
GUI Value
Range:0~12000
Unit:ms
Actual Value
Range:0~12000
Default Value:
2400

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

AdditionalMS
RACap

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSUMPA
RA

None

None

Meaning:Wheth
er to enable the
BSC to instruct
an MS to send an
Additional MS
Radio Access
Capabilities
message When
this parameter is
set to OFF, the
BSC instructs an
MS not to send
an Additional
MS Radio
Access
Capabilities
message
through an
uplink
assignment
message. When
this parameter is
set to ON, the
BSC instructs an
MS to send an
Additional MS
Radio Access
Capabilities
message if the
MS requests the
sending
permission
through a Packet
Resource
Request
message. For
details about this
parameter, see
3GPP TS
44.060.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(OFF), ON(ON)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON

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GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
Default
Value:OFF
(OFF)

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

AdditionalMS
RACap

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSUMPA
RA

None

None

Meaning:Wheth
er to enable the
BSC to instruct
an MS to send an
Additional MS
Radio Access
Capabilities
message When
this parameter is
set to OFF, the
BSC instructs an
MS not to send
an Additional
MS Radio
Access
Capabilities
message
through an
uplink
assignment
message. When
this parameter is
set to ON, the
BSC instructs an
MS to send an
Additional MS
Radio Access
Capabilities
message if the
MS requests the
sending
permission
through a Packet
Resource
Request
message. For
details about this
parameter, see
3GPP TS
44.060.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(OFF), ON(ON)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
Default
Value:OFF
(OFF)

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

ContentionRes
olutionOpt

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSUMPA
RA

None

None

Meaning:Wheth
er to enable the
contention
resolution
function. When
this parameter is
set to OFF, this
function is
disabled. When
this parameter is
set to ON, this
function is
enabled. If the
CV of the first
data block sent
by an MS is 0,
the network
sends the MS a
packet uplink
assignment
message
including a
TLLI to
complete the
contention
resolution of the
one phase
packet access
procedure. For
details about the
contention
resolution
procedure, see
3GPP TS
44.060.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(OFF), ON(ON)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF
(OFF)

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

ContentionRes
olutionOpt

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSUMPA
RA

None

None

Meaning:Wheth
er to enable the
contention
resolution
function. When
this parameter is
set to OFF, this
function is
disabled. When
this parameter is
set to ON, this
function is
enabled. If the
CV of the first
data block sent
by an MS is 0,
the network
sends the MS a
packet uplink
assignment
message
including a
TLLI to
complete the
contention
resolution of the
one phase
packet access
procedure. For
details about the
contention
resolution
procedure, see
3GPP TS
44.060.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(OFF), ON(ON)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF
(OFF)

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

CONTENTRE
SOLUTPOLIC
Y

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSUMPA
RA

GBFD-119110

Access

Meaning:Wheth
er to enable the
contention
solution
optimization
function. When
this function is
enabled, the
BSC sends a
PACKET
UPLINK ACK/
NACK message
carrying the
TLLI to an MS
upon receiving
an uplink RLC
data block
carrying the
TLLI from the
MS. The BSC
sends a
maximum of
three PACKET
UPLINK ACK/
NACK
messages
carrying the
TLLI to ensure
that the uplink
contention
solution is
complete.
GUI Value
Range:NOTFO
RCE(Not
Forcibly),
FORCETHREE
ULACK(Three
Forcibly sent)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:NOTFO
RCE,
FORCETHREE
ULACK
Default
Value:NOTFO

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
RCE(Not
Forcibly)

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

CONTENTRE
SOLUTPOLIC
Y

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSUMPA
RA

GBFD-119110

Access

Meaning:Wheth
er to enable the
contention
solution
optimization
function. When
this function is
enabled, the
BSC sends a
PACKET
UPLINK ACK/
NACK message
carrying the
TLLI to an MS
upon receiving
an uplink RLC
data block
carrying the
TLLI from the
MS. The BSC
sends a
maximum of
three PACKET
UPLINK ACK/
NACK
messages
carrying the
TLLI to ensure
that the uplink
contention
solution is
complete.
GUI Value
Range:NOTFO
RCE(Not
Forcibly),
FORCETHREE
ULACK(Three
Forcibly sent)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:NOTFO
RCE,
FORCETHREE
ULACK
Default
Value:NOTFO

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
RCE(Not
Forcibly)

Force2Phase

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-119110

Access

Meaning:Wheth
er two phase
access is
forcibly used
when an MS
access the
network on the
CCCH.
GUI Value
Range:Close
(Close), Open
(Open)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:Close,
Open
Default
Value:Close
(Close)

Force2Phase

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-119110

Access

Meaning:Wheth
er two phase
access is
forcibly used
when an MS
access the
network on the
CCCH.
GUI Value
Range:Close
(Close), Open
(Open)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:Close,
Open
Default
Value:Close
(Close)

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

DlAssRetryTi
mesMax

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Maxi
mum number of
attempts the
BSS sends a
downlink packet
assignment
message to an
MS.
GUI Value
Range:0~5
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~5
Default Value:0

DlAssRetryTi
mesMax

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Maxi
mum number of
attempts the
BSS sends a
downlink packet
assignment
message to an
MS.
GUI Value
Range:0~5
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~5
Default Value:0

PollingRetryTi
mesMax

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Maxi
mum number of
attempts the
BSS sends a
polling message
to an MS.
GUI Value
Range:0~5
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~5
Default Value:0

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

PollingRetryTi
mesMax

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Maxi
mum number of
attempts the
BSS sends a
polling message
to an MS.
GUI Value
Range:0~5
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~5
Default Value:0

SendRACapUp
date

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSGBPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Wheth
er the BSC sends
the RACAPABILITYUPDATE
message to the
SGSN
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(OFF), ON(ON)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF
(OFF)

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

SendRACapUp
date

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSGBPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Wheth
er the BSC sends
the RACAPABILITYUPDATE
message to the
SGSN
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(OFF), ON(ON)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF
(OFF)

MaxDlEstRetr
yNum

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-119110

Access

Meaning:Numb
er of attempts to
re-establish the
downlink TBF
GUI Value
Range:0~5
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~5
Default Value:1

MaxDlEstRetr
yNum

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-119110

Access

Meaning:Numb
er of attempts to
re-establish the
downlink TBF
GUI Value
Range:0~5
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~5
Default Value:1

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

MaxPollingRet
ryTimes

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-119110

Access

Meaning:Maxi
mum number of
times the Packet
Polling Request
message is
resent when
downlink TBFs
are established
on the CCCH
during an
immediate
assignment.
GUI Value
Range:0~5
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~5
Default Value:5

MaxPollingRet
ryTimes

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-119110

Access

Meaning:Maxi
mum number of
times the Packet
Polling Request
message is
resent when
downlink TBFs
are established
on the CCCH
during an
immediate
assignment.
GUI Value
Range:0~5
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~5
Default Value:5

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

CTRLACKTY
PE

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPSBAS
E

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Forma
t of the transmit
control
acknowledge
message of the
MS. Four access
bursts are used
to obtain timing
advance without
sending polling
message; RLC/
MAC control
block is used to
obtain timing
advance after
sending a
polling message.
GUI Value
Range:4BURST
(4Burst), RLC/
MAC(RLC/
MAC)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:
4BURST, RLC/
MAC
Default Value:
4BURST
(4Burst)

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

CTRLACKTY
PE

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPSBAS
E

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Forma
t of the transmit
control
acknowledge
message of the
MS. Four access
bursts are used
to obtain timing
advance without
sending polling
message; RLC/
MAC control
block is used to
obtain timing
advance after
sending a
polling message.
GUI Value
Range:4BURST
(4Burst), RLC/
MAC(RLC/
MAC)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:
4BURST, RLC/
MAC
Default Value:
4BURST
(4Burst)

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73

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

PACCHDlEstS
w

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSUMPA
RA

GBFD-119111

Assignment

Meaning:Wheth
er a downlink
TBF can be
established on
the PACCH
when the uplink
TBF is waiting
to be released.
The uplink TBF
is waiting to be
released if the
N3101
overflows. If
this parameter is
set to YES, a
downlink TBF
can be
established on
the PACCH
when the uplink
TBF is waiting
to be released. If
this parameter is
set to NO, a
downlink TBF
can be
established only
on the CCCH
when the uplink
TBF is waiting
to be released.
GUI Value
Range:NO(No),
YES(Yes)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:YES, NO
Default
Value:YES
(Yes)

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

PACCHDlEstS
w

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSUMPA
RA

GBFD-119111

Assignment

Meaning:Wheth
er a downlink
TBF can be
established on
the PACCH
when the uplink
TBF is waiting
to be released.
The uplink TBF
is waiting to be
released if the
N3101
overflows. If
this parameter is
set to YES, a
downlink TBF
can be
established on
the PACCH
when the uplink
TBF is waiting
to be released. If
this parameter is
set to NO, a
downlink TBF
can be
established only
on the CCCH
when the uplink
TBF is waiting
to be released.
GUI Value
Range:NO(No),
YES(Yes)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:YES, NO
Default
Value:YES
(Yes)

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75

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

DLTBFESTDE
LAY

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Time
interval between
sending of the
Packet Uplink
Ack/Nack
message and
setup of the DL
TBF. After
receiving the
Packet Uplink
Ack/Nack
message (FAI =
1), the MS
releases the UL
TBF and starts to
monitor CCCH.
In this case, if
the MS receives
the downlink
assignment
message before
being handed
over to the
CCCH, the MS
fails to respond
to the downlink
assignment
message.
Therefore, a
delay is required
for establishing
DL TBF, to
avoid such a
situation. That
is, the DL TBF
will not be set up
immediately
after the Packet
Uplink Ack/
Nack message
(FAI = 1) is sent.
In this way, the
MS can respond
to the downlink
assignment
message
properly.

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76

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
GUI Value
Range:0~300
Unit:ms
Actual Value
Range:0~300
Default Value:
140

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77

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

DLTBFESTDE
LAY

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Time
interval between
sending of the
Packet Uplink
Ack/Nack
message and
setup of the DL
TBF. After
receiving the
Packet Uplink
Ack/Nack
message (FAI =
1), the MS
releases the UL
TBF and starts to
monitor CCCH.
In this case, if
the MS receives
the downlink
assignment
message before
being handed
over to the
CCCH, the MS
fails to respond
to the downlink
assignment
message.
Therefore, a
delay is required
for establishing
DL TBF, to
avoid such a
situation. That
is, the DL TBF
will not be set up
immediately
after the Packet
Uplink Ack/
Nack message
(FAI = 1) is sent.
In this way, the
MS can respond
to the downlink
assignment
message
properly.

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78

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
GUI Value
Range:0~300
Unit:ms
Actual Value
Range:0~300
Default Value:
140

MSContextLife
Time

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-119110

Access

Meaning:Time
during which the
MS context is
reserved after
uplink and
downlink TBFs
are released.
After the uplink
and downlink
TBFs of an MS
are released, the
MS context
release timer,
whose value
equals the value
of this
parameter, is
started. If the
MS accesses the
network again
before the MS
context release
timer expires,
the timer is
stopped. The
MS context is
released after
the timer
expires.
GUI Value
Range:0~300
Unit:s
Actual Value
Range:0~300
Default Value:
30

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79

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

MSContextLife
Time

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-119110

Access

Meaning:Time
during which the
MS context is
reserved after
uplink and
downlink TBFs
are released.
After the uplink
and downlink
TBFs of an MS
are released, the
MS context
release timer,
whose value
equals the value
of this
parameter, is
started. If the
MS accesses the
network again
before the MS
context release
timer expires,
the timer is
stopped. The
MS context is
released after
the timer
expires.
GUI Value
Range:0~300
Unit:s
Actual Value
Range:0~300
Default Value:
30

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80

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

ForceRelTbfD
uration

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

None

None

Meaning:Durati
on for forcibly
releasing a TBF
in the transfer
state. When the
uplink and
downlink LLC
PDUs fail to be
transmitted
within the
duration
specified by this
parameter, the
TBF is forcibly
released.The
value of this
parameter must
be greater than
the value for
"UPEXTTBFIN
ACTDELAY"
in the "SET
GCELLPRIVA
TEOPTPARA"
command.
Otherwise, a
TBF is forcibly
released.
GUI Value
Range:4~20
Unit:s
Actual Value
Range:4~20
Default Value:6

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81

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

ForceRelTbfD
uration

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

None

None

Meaning:Durati
on for forcibly
releasing a TBF
in the transfer
state. When the
uplink and
downlink LLC
PDUs fail to be
transmitted
within the
duration
specified by this
parameter, the
TBF is forcibly
released.The
value of this
parameter must
be greater than
the value for
"UPEXTTBFIN
ACTDELAY"
in the "SET
GCELLPRIVA
TEOPTPARA"
command.
Otherwise, a
TBF is forcibly
released.
GUI Value
Range:4~20
Unit:s
Actual Value
Range:4~20
Default Value:6

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82

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

PDCHDWNLE
V

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPSCH
M

GBFD-119501

GBFD-119303

Adaptive
Adjustment of
Uplink and
Downlink
Channels

GBFD-113101

EGPRS

Meaning:PDCH
downlink
multiplex
threshold,
Indicating the
maximum
dowlink TBFs
on the downlink
PDCH
(parameter
value/10). We
recommend that
the value of
"DWNDYNCH
NTRANLEV"
should be less
than
"PDCHDWNL
EV" for
triggering
converting
dynamic
channel in time
and reducing
PDCH
multiplex.

GBFD-114201
GBFD-114101

GPRS
Load Sharing
PDCH Dynamic
Adjustment

GUI Value
Range:10~160
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:10~160
Default Value:
80

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83

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

PDCHDWNLE
V

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPSCH
M

GBFD-119501

GBFD-119303

Adaptive
Adjustment of
Uplink and
Downlink
Channels

GBFD-113101

EGPRS

Meaning:PDCH
downlink
multiplex
threshold,
Indicating the
maximum
dowlink TBFs
on the downlink
PDCH
(parameter
value/10). We
recommend that
the value of
"DWNDYNCH
NTRANLEV"
should be less
than
"PDCHDWNL
EV" for
triggering
converting
dynamic
channel in time
and reducing
PDCH
multiplex.

GBFD-114201
GBFD-114101

GPRS
Load Sharing
PDCH Dynamic
Adjustment

GUI Value
Range:10~160
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:10~160
Default Value:
80
T3191

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Durati
on of timer
T3191. For
details, see
3GPP
TS44.060.
GUI Value
Range:0~255
Unit:s
Actual Value
Range:0~255
Default Value:5

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84

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

T3191

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Durati
on of timer
T3191. For
details, see
3GPP
TS44.060.
GUI Value
Range:0~255
Unit:s
Actual Value
Range:0~255
Default Value:5

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85

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

BSCVMAX

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPSBAS
E

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:This
parameter is
used to set the
parameter
BS_CV_MAX
for MS
countdown. This
parameter is
used for the MS
to calculate the
CV. This
parameter also
determines the
duration of the
timer T3198.
When the MS
sends one uplink
RLC data block,
the receiving
state of this data
block is set to
Pending and the
timer T3198 is
started. If the
MS receives the
packet uplink
acknowledge
before the timer
T3198 expires,
the MS updates
the receiving
state of each
uplink RLC data
block according
to the bit map in
the message. If
the timer T3198
of the RLC data
block in the
Pending state
expires, the MS
sets the
receiving state
of this data block
to Nack and
retransmits the
data block.

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86

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
GUI Value
Range:0~15
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~15
Default Value:
10

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87

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

BSCVMAX

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPSBAS
E

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:This
parameter is
used to set the
parameter
BS_CV_MAX
for MS
countdown. This
parameter is
used for the MS
to calculate the
CV. This
parameter also
determines the
duration of the
timer T3198.
When the MS
sends one uplink
RLC data block,
the receiving
state of this data
block is set to
Pending and the
timer T3198 is
started. If the
MS receives the
packet uplink
acknowledge
before the timer
T3198 expires,
the MS updates
the receiving
state of each
uplink RLC data
block according
to the bit map in
the message. If
the timer T3198
of the RLC data
block in the
Pending state
expires, the MS
sets the
receiving state
of this data block
to Nack and
retransmits the
data block.

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88

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
GUI Value
Range:0~15
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~15
Default Value:
10

UsrUlPduTBit
Value

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSGBPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:T bit
value of the LLC
packet data unit
(PDU) QoS
profile on the
uplink user
plane.
GUI Value
Range:0~1
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~1
Default Value:0

UsrUlPduTBit
Value

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSGBPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:T bit
value of the LLC
packet data unit
(PDU) QoS
profile on the
uplink user
plane.
GUI Value
Range:0~1
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~1
Default Value:0

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89

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

DlFirstBlkPolling

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

Meaning:Wheth
er to set RRBP to
valid when
scheduling the
first data block
carried on a
downlink
EGPRS TBF.
When RRBP is
set to valid, the
BSC requests an
MS to respond to
a Packet
Downlink Ack
or Packet
Downlink Nack
message.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(OFF), ON(ON)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF
(OFF)

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90

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

DlFirstBlkPolling

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

Meaning:Wheth
er to set RRBP to
valid when
scheduling the
first data block
carried on a
downlink
EGPRS TBF.
When RRBP is
set to valid, the
BSC requests an
MS to respond to
a Packet
Downlink Ack
or Packet
Downlink Nack
message.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(OFF), ON(ON)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF
(OFF)

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91

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

StallNackBlkP
olling

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

Meaning:Wheth
er to set RRBP to
valid for NACK
data blocks
when a
downlink TBF
stalls When
RRBP is valid,
the BSC
requests an MS
to respond to a
Packet
Downlink Ack
or Packet
Downlink Nack
message.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(OFF), ON(ON)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF
(OFF)

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92

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

StallNackBlkP
olling

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

Meaning:Wheth
er to set RRBP to
valid for NACK
data blocks
when a
downlink TBF
stalls When
RRBP is valid,
the BSC
requests an MS
to respond to a
Packet
Downlink Ack
or Packet
Downlink Nack
message.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(OFF), ON(ON)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF
(OFF)

SptDlTbfSched
Optimize

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Wheth
er the PACK
data block is
retransmitted
when the PDCH
is idle on the
downlink
GUI Value
Range:NO
(NO), YES
(YES)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:NO, YES
Default
Value:YES
(YES)

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93

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

SptDlTbfSched
Optimize

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSSOFTP
ARA

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Wheth
er the PACK
data block is
retransmitted
when the PDCH
is idle on the
downlink
GUI Value
Range:NO
(NO), YES
(YES)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:NO, YES
Default
Value:YES
(YES)

SupRAStatus

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSGBPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Wheth
er the BSC sends
the RADIOSTATUS
message to the
SGSN.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(OFF), ON(ON)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF
(OFF)

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94

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

SupRAStatus

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSGBPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Wheth
er the BSC sends
the RADIOSTATUS
message to the
SGSN.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(OFF), ON(ON)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF
(OFF)

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95

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

LLCPDUReor
der

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPSOT
HERPARA

None

None

Meaning:Wheth
er to reorder
LLC PDUs
discontinuously
received by the
BSC If this
parameter is set
to OFF, the BSC
sends
discontinuously
received LLC
PDUs to an MS
based on the
order it receives
them. If this
parameter is set
to ON, the BSC
waits N
milliseconds
upon reception
of discontinuous
LLC PDUs.
Here, N is
specified by
"Stalling Period
for Reordering
DL LLC PDUs".
If the BSC
receives lagged
LLC PDUs
within N
milliseconds, it
reorders all LLC
PDUs based on
their N(U)
values. If the
BSC does not
receive lagged
LLC PDUs
within N
milliseconds, it
sends available
LLC PDUs to an
MS.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(Off), ON(On)

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96

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF(Off)

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97

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

LLCPDUReor
der

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPSOT
HERPARA

None

None

Meaning:Wheth
er to reorder
LLC PDUs
discontinuously
received by the
BSC If this
parameter is set
to OFF, the BSC
sends
discontinuously
received LLC
PDUs to an MS
based on the
order it receives
them. If this
parameter is set
to ON, the BSC
waits N
milliseconds
upon reception
of discontinuous
LLC PDUs.
Here, N is
specified by
"Stalling Period
for Reordering
DL LLC PDUs".
If the BSC
receives lagged
LLC PDUs
within N
milliseconds, it
reorders all LLC
PDUs based on
their N(U)
values. If the
BSC does not
receive lagged
LLC PDUs
within N
milliseconds, it
sends available
LLC PDUs to an
MS.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(Off), ON(On)

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98

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF(Off)

LLCPDUReor
derTime

BSC6900

SET
BSCPSGBPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Period
during which the
BSC waits for
lagged LLC
PDUs upon
reception of
discontinuous
LLC PDUs The
value of this
parameter is
directly
proportional to
the transmission
jitter over the Gb
interface.
GUI Value
Range:2~100
Unit:10ms
Actual Value
Range:20~1000
Default Value:5

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99

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

LLCPDUReor
derTime

BSC6910

SET
BSCPSGBPAR
A

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Period
during which the
BSC waits for
lagged LLC
PDUs upon
reception of
discontinuous
LLC PDUs The
value of this
parameter is
directly
proportional to
the transmission
jitter over the Gb
interface.
GUI Value
Range:2~100
Unit:10ms
Actual Value
Range:20~1000
Default Value:5

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100

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

ReAssignResen
dSw

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-119111

Assignment

Meaning:Wheth
er the BSC
resends the
packet
reassignment
message in the
case of a packet
reassignment
failure. If this
parameter is set
to ON, the BSC
resends the
packet
reassignment
message twice at
most. If this
parameter is set
to OFF, the BSC
does not resend
the packet
reassignment
message.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(Off), ON(On)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF(Off)

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101

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

ReAssignResen
dSw

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-119111

Assignment

Meaning:Wheth
er the BSC
resends the
packet
reassignment
message in the
case of a packet
reassignment
failure. If this
parameter is set
to ON, the BSC
resends the
packet
reassignment
message twice at
most. If this
parameter is set
to OFF, the BSC
does not resend
the packet
reassignment
message.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(Off), ON(On)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF(Off)

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102

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

IMMASSDLS
HIFT

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPSOT
HERPARA

GBFD-119202

Packet
Assignment
Taken Over by
the BTS

Meaning:Wheth
er the BSC
supports the
takeover of
packet
immediate
assignment by
the BTS, which
corresponds
with the uplink
immediate
assignment. To
improve the
access rate of an
MS, the BSC
allocates uplink
temporary block
flow (TBF)
resources to the
BTS in advance.
Upon receiving
a Channel
Request
message from
the MS, the BTS
sends an
Immediate
Assignment
message to the
MS by using the
TBF resources
allocated by the
BSC. The MS
uploads the data
blocks when it
receives the
Immediate
Assignment
message from
the BTS.
GUI Value
Range:NO(Not
Support), YES
(Support)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:NO, YES

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103

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
Default
Value:NO(Not
Support)

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104

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

IMMASSDLS
HIFT

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPSOT
HERPARA

GBFD-119202

Packet
Assignment
Taken Over by
the BTS

Meaning:Wheth
er the BSC
supports the
takeover of
packet
immediate
assignment by
the BTS, which
corresponds
with the uplink
immediate
assignment. To
improve the
access rate of an
MS, the BSC
allocates uplink
temporary block
flow (TBF)
resources to the
BTS in advance.
Upon receiving
a Channel
Request
message from
the MS, the BTS
sends an
Immediate
Assignment
message to the
MS by using the
TBF resources
allocated by the
BSC. The MS
uploads the data
blocks when it
receives the
Immediate
Assignment
message from
the BTS.
GUI Value
Range:NO(Not
Support), YES
(Support)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:NO, YES

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105

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
Default
Value:NO(Not
Support)

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106

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

PACKASSDLS
HIFT

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPSOT
HERPARA

GBFD-119202

Packet
Assignment
Taken Over by
the BTS

Meaning:Wheth
er to support the
function of
moving the
packet
assignment
down to the
BTS. To
improve the
access speed of
the MS, after the
packet
assignment is
moved down to
the BTS, the
BSC reserves
the uplink
resources for the
BTS. The BTS
obtains the
channel request
of the MS by
analyzing the
downlink
acknowledgeme
nt message sent
by the MS. Then
the BTS
allocates the
reserved uplink
resources to the
MS to move the
packet
assignment to
the BTS.
GUI Value
Range:NO(Not
Support), YES
(Support)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:NO, YES
Default
Value:NO(Not
Support)

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107

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

PACKASSDLS
HIFT

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPSOT
HERPARA

GBFD-119202

Packet
Assignment
Taken Over by
the BTS

Meaning:Wheth
er to support the
function of
moving the
packet
assignment
down to the
BTS. To
improve the
access speed of
the MS, after the
packet
assignment is
moved down to
the BTS, the
BSC reserves
the uplink
resources for the
BTS. The BTS
obtains the
channel request
of the MS by
analyzing the
downlink
acknowledgeme
nt message sent
by the MS. Then
the BTS
allocates the
reserved uplink
resources to the
MS to move the
packet
assignment to
the BTS.
GUI Value
Range:NO(Not
Support), YES
(Support)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:NO, YES
Default
Value:NO(Not
Support)

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108

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

T3192

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPSBAS
E

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Durati
on of releasing
the TBF after the
MS receives the
last data block.
When the MS
receives the
RLC data block
containing the
flag identifying
the last data
block and
confirms that all
the RLC data
blocks in the
TBF are
received, the MS
sends the packet
downlink
acknowledge
message
containing the
last flag
acknowledgeme
nt and the timer
T3192 is started.
If the timer
T3192 expires,
the MS releases
the TBF related
resources and
starts
monitoring the
paging channel.
During TBF
releasing, if the
MS is the half
duplex mode
and receives the
packet downlink
assignment, the
MS responds
this command.
During TBF
releasing, if the
MS is the half
duplex mode
and receives no

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109

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
packet downlink
assignment
message, the MS
enters the packet
idle mode. If the
MS is in the dual
transmission
mode, the MS
enters the
special mode.
GUI Value
Range:0ms
(0ms), 80ms
(80ms), 120ms
(120ms), 160ms
(160ms), 200ms
(200ms), 500ms
(500ms),
1000ms
(1000ms),
1500ms
(1500ms)
Unit:ms
Actual Value
Range:0ms,
80ms, 120ms,
160ms, 200ms,
500ms, 1000ms,
1500ms
Default Value:
500ms(500ms)

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110

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

T3192

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPSBAS
E

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Durati
on of releasing
the TBF after the
MS receives the
last data block.
When the MS
receives the
RLC data block
containing the
flag identifying
the last data
block and
confirms that all
the RLC data
blocks in the
TBF are
received, the MS
sends the packet
downlink
acknowledge
message
containing the
last flag
acknowledgeme
nt and the timer
T3192 is started.
If the timer
T3192 expires,
the MS releases
the TBF related
resources and
starts
monitoring the
paging channel.
During TBF
releasing, if the
MS is the half
duplex mode
and receives the
packet downlink
assignment, the
MS responds
this command.
During TBF
releasing, if the
MS is the half
duplex mode
and receives no

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111

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
packet downlink
assignment
message, the MS
enters the packet
idle mode. If the
MS is in the dual
transmission
mode, the MS
enters the
special mode.
GUI Value
Range:0ms
(0ms), 80ms
(80ms), 120ms
(120ms), 160ms
(160ms), 200ms
(200ms), 500ms
(500ms),
1000ms
(1000ms),
1500ms
(1500ms)
Unit:ms
Actual Value
Range:0ms,
80ms, 120ms,
160ms, 200ms,
500ms, 1000ms,
1500ms
Default Value:
500ms(500ms)

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112

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

N3103

BSC6900

SET
GCELLSTAN
DARDOPTPA
RA

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Maxi
mum value of
N3103. Upon
receiving the
last RLC data
block during
uplink
transmission,
the BSC sends
an MS a Packet
Uplink Ack/
Nack message
containing the
FAI field with
the value being
1, and starts
N3103. If the
BSC does not
receive a Packet
Control Ack
message within
the time
reserved for
receiving the
control blocks
from the MS,
N3103
increases, and
the BSC resends
the MS the
Packet Uplink
Ack/Nack
message. When
the value of
N3103
overflows,
T3169 starts.
When T3169
expires, the
current uplink
TBF is
abnormally
released.
GUI Value
Range:0~255
Unit:None

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113

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
Actual Value
Range:0~255
Default Value:3

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114

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

N3103

BSC6910

SET
GCELLSTAN
DARDOPTPA
RA

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Maxi
mum value of
N3103. Upon
receiving the
last RLC data
block during
uplink
transmission,
the BSC sends
an MS a Packet
Uplink Ack/
Nack message
containing the
FAI field with
the value being
1, and starts
N3103. If the
BSC does not
receive a Packet
Control Ack
message within
the time
reserved for
receiving the
control blocks
from the MS,
N3103
increases, and
the BSC resends
the MS the
Packet Uplink
Ack/Nack
message. When
the value of
N3103
overflows,
T3169 starts.
When T3169
expires, the
current uplink
TBF is
abnormally
released.
GUI Value
Range:0~255
Unit:None

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115

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
Actual Value
Range:0~255
Default Value:3

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116

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

UPTBFRELD
ELAY

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-119203

Extended
Uplink TBF

Meaning:Delay
of releasing the
non-extended
uplink TBF.
After receiving
the last uplink
RLC data block
(CountValue=0)
, the network
side sends the
message Packet
Uplink Ack/
Nack with
FAI=1 to notify
the MS of
releasing the
uplink TBF.
After this
parameter is set,
the network side
notifies the MS
of releasing this
TBF after
specified delay.
In this way, the
downlink TBF
can be
established on
the unreleased
uplink TBF.
This uplink TBF
is automatically
released when
the downlink
TBF is
established or
when the delay
duration
exceeds the time
set by the uplink
non-extended
TBF. If this
parameter is set
to 0, the release
delay of nonextended TBF is
disabled.

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117

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
GUI Value
Range:0~2000
Unit:ms
Actual Value
Range:0~2000
Default Value:
120

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118

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

UPTBFRELD
ELAY

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-119203

Extended
Uplink TBF

Meaning:Delay
of releasing the
non-extended
uplink TBF.
After receiving
the last uplink
RLC data block
(CountValue=0)
, the network
side sends the
message Packet
Uplink Ack/
Nack with
FAI=1 to notify
the MS of
releasing the
uplink TBF.
After this
parameter is set,
the network side
notifies the MS
of releasing this
TBF after
specified delay.
In this way, the
downlink TBF
can be
established on
the unreleased
uplink TBF.
This uplink TBF
is automatically
released when
the downlink
TBF is
established or
when the delay
duration
exceeds the time
set by the uplink
non-extended
TBF. If this
parameter is set
to 0, the release
delay of nonextended TBF is
disabled.

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119

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
GUI Value
Range:0~2000
Unit:ms
Actual Value
Range:0~2000
Default Value:
120

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120

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

UPEXTTBFIN
ACTDELAY

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-119203

Extended
Uplink TBF

Meaning:Inactiv
e period of
extended uplink
TBF. After the
network side
receives the last
uplink RLC data
block
(CountValue=0)
of the MS
supporting the
extended uplink
TBF, the uplink
TBF is not
released
immediately.
Instead, the
uplink TBF is set
to the inactive
state. In the
inactive period,
if the MS needs
to transmit the
uplink RLC data
block, the MS
can use the
inactive uplink
TBF without
rebuilding a new
uplink TBF.
This inactive
uplink TBF is
switched to the
active state
automatically.
At the end of the
inactive period,
if the MS does
not transmit the
uplink RLC data
block, the
network side
sends the
message Packet
Uplink Ack/
Nack to notify
the MS of
releasing the

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121

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
uplink TBF.
When the uplink
TBF is inactive,
the downlink
TBF can be
established
according to this
uplink TBF. 0:
disable the
function of the
extended uplink
TBF (this
function can be
disabled on the
BSC side).
GUI Value
Range:0~5000
Unit:ms
Actual Value
Range:0~5000
Default Value:
2000

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122

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

UPEXTTBFIN
ACTDELAY

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-119203

Extended
Uplink TBF

Meaning:Inactiv
e period of
extended uplink
TBF. After the
network side
receives the last
uplink RLC data
block
(CountValue=0)
of the MS
supporting the
extended uplink
TBF, the uplink
TBF is not
released
immediately.
Instead, the
uplink TBF is set
to the inactive
state. In the
inactive period,
if the MS needs
to transmit the
uplink RLC data
block, the MS
can use the
inactive uplink
TBF without
rebuilding a new
uplink TBF.
This inactive
uplink TBF is
switched to the
active state
automatically.
At the end of the
inactive period,
if the MS does
not transmit the
uplink RLC data
block, the
network side
sends the
message Packet
Uplink Ack/
Nack to notify
the MS of
releasing the

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123

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
uplink TBF.
When the uplink
TBF is inactive,
the downlink
TBF can be
established
according to this
uplink TBF. 0:
disable the
function of the
extended uplink
TBF (this
function can be
disabled on the
BSC side).
GUI Value
Range:0~5000
Unit:ms
Actual Value
Range:0~5000
Default Value:
2000

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124

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

N3101

BSC6900

SET
GCELLSTAN
DARDOPTPA
RA

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Maxi
mum value of
N3101. In
uplink dynamic
allocation mode,
the BSC enables
multiple MSs to
share the same
uplink channel
by identifying
the USF values
contained in
downlink data
blocks. The BSC
assigns a USF to
the uplink TBF
(that is, the
uplink TBF is
successfully
established), and
starts N3101.
The BSC
receives the
uplink RLC data
blocks, and
checks whether
they are valid. If
the RLC data
blocks are valid,
N3101 is reset.
If the RLC data
blocks are
invalid, the
value of N3101
increases from
the original
value. When the
N3101
overflows,
T3169 starts.
When T3169
expires, the
current uplink
TBF is
abnormally
released.

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125

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
GUI Value
Range:0~255
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~255
Default Value:
20

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126

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

N3101

BSC6910

SET
GCELLSTAN
DARDOPTPA
RA

GBFD-114201

EGPRS

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Maxi
mum value of
N3101. In
uplink dynamic
allocation mode,
the BSC enables
multiple MSs to
share the same
uplink channel
by identifying
the USF values
contained in
downlink data
blocks. The BSC
assigns a USF to
the uplink TBF
(that is, the
uplink TBF is
successfully
established), and
starts N3101.
The BSC
receives the
uplink RLC data
blocks, and
checks whether
they are valid. If
the RLC data
blocks are valid,
N3101 is reset.
If the RLC data
blocks are
invalid, the
value of N3101
increases from
the original
value. When the
N3101
overflows,
T3169 starts.
When T3169
expires, the
current uplink
TBF is
abnormally
released.

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127

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
GUI Value
Range:0~255
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~255
Default Value:
20

DlGprsTbfExp
andOp

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPSOT
HERPARA

GBFD-119509

GPRS Fast
Transmission

Meaning:Wheth
er to expand and
optimize the
downlink GPRS
RLC window. If
this parameter is
set to 64 or
larger, the
downlink GPRS
RLC window
will be
expanded, and
the parameter
value indicates
the window size
after the
expansion. If
this parameter is
set to a value less
than 64, the
downlink GPRS
RLC window is
not expanded.
That is, the
window size is
still 64.
GUI Value
Range:0~127
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~127
Default Value:0

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128

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

DlGprsTbfExp
andOp

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPSOT
HERPARA

GBFD-119509

GPRS Fast
Transmission

Meaning:Wheth
er to expand and
optimize the
downlink GPRS
RLC window. If
this parameter is
set to 64 or
larger, the
downlink GPRS
RLC window
will be
expanded, and
the parameter
value indicates
the window size
after the
expansion. If
this parameter is
set to a value less
than 64, the
downlink GPRS
RLC window is
not expanded.
That is, the
window size is
still 64.
GUI Value
Range:0~127
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~127
Default Value:0

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129

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

EarlyTBFEst

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPSBAS
E

GBFD-119503

Early TBF
Establishment

Meaning:Wheth
er the BSC
supports early
TBF
establishment.
When this
parameter is set
to "ON", the
uplink TBF can
be established at
an early time
when the MS
does not have
any data to
transmit on the
uplink.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(OFF), ON(ON)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF
(OFF)

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

EarlyTBFEst

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPSBAS
E

GBFD-119503

Early TBF
Establishment

Meaning:Wheth
er the BSC
supports early
TBF
establishment.
When this
parameter is set
to "ON", the
uplink TBF can
be established at
an early time
when the MS
does not have
any data to
transmit on the
uplink.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(OFF), ON(ON)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF
(OFF)

EXTUTBFNO
DATA

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPSBAS
E

GBFD-119508

PS Uplink DTX

GBFD-119203

Extended
Uplink TBF

Meaning:Wheth
er to send the
Dummy
message during
the deactivated
period of the
extended uplink
TBF.
GUI Value
Range:SEND
(SEND),
NOTSEND
(NOTSEND)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:SEND,
NOTSEND
Default
Value:SEND
(SEND)

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

EXTUTBFNO
DATA

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPSBAS
E

GBFD-119508

PS Uplink DTX

GBFD-119203

Extended
Uplink TBF

Meaning:Wheth
er to send the
Dummy
message during
the deactivated
period of the
extended uplink
TBF.
GUI Value
Range:SEND
(SEND),
NOTSEND
(NOTSEND)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:SEND,
NOTSEND
Default
Value:SEND
(SEND)

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

ULExternACK
Opt

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-119203

Extended
Uplink TBF

Meaning:The
BSC counts the
number of
uplink data
blocks received
from an MS and
clears this
number after
sending the
Packet Uplink
Ack/Nack
message. The
BSC sends the
Packet Uplink
Ack/Nack
message when
all the following
conditions are
met: This
parameter is set
to a value other
than 0. The
uplink TBF
enters the
extended
inactive period.
The MS is
initiating a
downlink
preferred
service. The
accumulative
number of
blocks is equal
to or greater than
this parameter.
This parameter
does not take
effect when its
value is set to 0.
GUI Value
Range:0~64
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~64
Default Value:0

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

ULExternACK
Opt

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-119203

Extended
Uplink TBF

Meaning:The
BSC counts the
number of
uplink data
blocks received
from an MS and
clears this
number after
sending the
Packet Uplink
Ack/Nack
message. The
BSC sends the
Packet Uplink
Ack/Nack
message when
all the following
conditions are
met: This
parameter is set
to a value other
than 0. The
uplink TBF
enters the
extended
inactive period.
The MS is
initiating a
downlink
preferred
service. The
accumulative
number of
blocks is equal
to or greater than
this parameter.
This parameter
does not take
effect when its
value is set to 0.
GUI Value
Range:0~64
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~64
Default Value:0

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

DNTBFRELD
ELAY

BSC6900

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Delay
of releasing the
downlink TBF.
After the last
downlink RLC
data block is
transmitted on
the network side
and all the
transmitted
downlink data
blocks are
received, the MS
is not informed
to stop this
downlink TBF.
Instead, the state
of the last data
block is forcibly
set to "not
received" and
the last data
block with the
RRBP flag is
retransmitted
continuously so
that the
downlink TBF is
not released.
During the
downlink delay
release, if the
upper layer of
the network side
needs to
transmit
downlink data,
the downlink
RLC block for
unpacking can
be transmitted in
the downlink
TBF for delay
release. The
state of the
downlink TBF is
changed from
delay releasing

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
to downlink
transmitting. In
addition, the MS
must respond to
the Packet
Downlink Ack/
Nack message
through the
uplink data
block of the
RRBP to
exchange
messages with
the network
side. When the
MS needs to
send data, the
MS can send the
uplink request to
the network
sides through
the Packet
Downlink Ack/
Nack with the
channel request
description. If
this parameter is
set to 0, the
release delay of
downlink TBF is
disabled.
GUI Value
Range:0~12000
Unit:ms
Actual Value
Range:0~12000
Default Value:
2400

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

DNTBFRELD
ELAY

BSC6910

SET
GCELLPRIV
ATEOPTPAR
A

GBFD-114101

GPRS

Meaning:Delay
of releasing the
downlink TBF.
After the last
downlink RLC
data block is
transmitted on
the network side
and all the
transmitted
downlink data
blocks are
received, the MS
is not informed
to stop this
downlink TBF.
Instead, the state
of the last data
block is forcibly
set to "not
received" and
the last data
block with the
RRBP flag is
retransmitted
continuously so
that the
downlink TBF is
not released.
During the
downlink delay
release, if the
upper layer of
the network side
needs to
transmit
downlink data,
the downlink
RLC block for
unpacking can
be transmitted in
the downlink
TBF for delay
release. The
state of the
downlink TBF is
changed from
delay releasing

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137

GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

7 Parameters

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description
to downlink
transmitting. In
addition, the MS
must respond to
the Packet
Downlink Ack/
Nack message
through the
uplink data
block of the
RRBP to
exchange
messages with
the network
side. When the
MS needs to
send data, the
MS can send the
uplink request to
the network
sides through
the Packet
Downlink Ack/
Nack with the
channel request
description. If
this parameter is
set to 0, the
release delay of
downlink TBF is
disabled.
GUI Value
Range:0~12000
Unit:ms
Actual Value
Range:0~12000
Default Value:
2400

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

8 Counters

Counters

There are no specific counters associated with this feature.

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

9 Glossary

Glossary

For the acronyms, abbreviations, terms, and definitions, see Glossary.

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GSM BSS
GPRS EGPRS Connection Control and Transfer Feature
Parameter Description

10

10 Reference Documents

Reference Documents

1.

3GPP TS 43.064: "Overall description of the GPRS Radio Interface; Stage 2"

2.

3GPP TS 48.018: "BSS GPRS Protocol (BSSGP)"

3.

3GPP TS 44.060: "Radio Link Control/Medium Access Control (RLC/MAC) protocol"

4.

3GPP TS 44.018: "Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol"

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